keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Trauma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088840/evaluation-of-a-short-term-training-program-in-bedside-emergency-ultrasound-in-southwestern-tanzania
#1
Mark Shaffer, Heather A Brown, Chloé McCoy, Prosper Bashaka
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a short-term training program in emergency ultrasound on physician skills and attitudes in southwestern Tanzania. METHODS: Eight registrar physicians at Mbeya Zonal Referral Hospital (Mbeya, Tanzania) underwent a 5-day course in bedside emergency ultrasound, focusing primarily on the focused assessment with sonography for trauma examination, including didactic sessions, practical sessions, and on-job training. The impact on ultrasound knowledge was assessed by pretest and posttest evaluations...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088744/self-concept-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-abstinence-motivation-as-well-as-self-efficacy-among-drug-addicts
#2
Feng-Ying Lu, Si Wen, Gang Deng, Yung-Lung Tang
OBJECTIVE: Childhood maltreatment is widely accepted as a risk factor for drug addiction from adolescence to adulthood. However, the influence of childhood maltreatment on drug treatment related variables, such as drug abstinence motivation and self-concept, as well as self-efficacy, remains unclear. This study aims at exploring whether self-concept mediates the relationship between childhood maltreatment and abstinence motivation, as well as self-efficacy, among drug addicts. METHODS: This study involves 816 (550 males, 226 females, mean age=34...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088740/associations-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-student-teacher-relationships-and-non-medical-use-of-prescription-medications-among-adolescents
#3
Myriam Forster, Amy L Gower, Iris W Borowsky, Barbara J McMorris
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have investigated associations between adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and nonmedical use of prescription medication (NMUPM) in population-based samples of adolescents, and even fewer have examined whether promotive factors might buffer these effects. The present study assesses the direct effects of ACE and positive student-teacher relationships on NUMPD and whether positive student-teacher relationships moderate this association. DESIGN: Data were from the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey (MSS), an in-school survey administered every three years to students throughout Minnesota...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088436/injury-severity-sex-and-transfusion-volume-but-not-transfusion-ratio-predict-inflammatory-complications-after-traumatic-injury
#4
Allison R Jones, Heather M Bush, Susan K Frazier
BACKGROUND: Blood component (packed red blood cells [PRBC], fresh frozen plasma [FFP], platelets [PLT]) ratios transfused in a 1:1:1 fashion are associated with survival after trauma; the relationship among blood component ratios and inflammatory complications after trauma is not fully understood. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship among blood component ratios (1:1 vs other for PRBC:FFP and PRBC:PLT) and inflammatory complications (primary outcome) in patients with major trauma...
January 11, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088378/antimicrobial-coated-implants-in-trauma-and-orthopaedics-a-clinical-review-and-risk-benefit-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Volker Alt
Implant-associated infections remain a major issue in orthopaedics and antimicrobial functionalization of the implant surface by antibiotics or other anti-infective agents have gained interest. The goal of this article is to identify antimicrobial coatings, for which clinical data are available and to review their clinical need, safety profile, and their efficacy to reduce infection rates. PubMed database of the National Library of Medicine was searched for clinical studies on antimicrobial coated implants for internal fracture fixation devices and endoprostheses for bone surgery, for which study design, level of evidence, biocompatibility, development of resistance, and effectiveness to reduce infection rates were analyzed...
December 21, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088374/fibrinogen-in-traumatic-haemorrhage-a-narrative-review
#6
REVIEW
James Winearls, Don Campbell, Catherine Hurn, Jeremy Furyk, Glenn Ryan, Melita Trout, James Walsham, Anthony Holley, Megan Suttleworth, Wayne Dyer, Gerben Keijzers, Jeff Presneill, John F Fraser, Martin Wullschleger
Haemorrhage in the setting of severe trauma is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. There is increasing awareness of the important role fibrinogen plays in traumatic haemorrhage. Fibrinogen levels fall precipitously in severe trauma and the resultant hypofibrinogenaemia is associated with poor outcomes. Hence, it has been postulated that early fibrinogen replacement in severe traumatic haemorrhage may improve outcomes, although, to date there is a paucity of high quality evidence to support this hypothesis...
December 26, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088301/methocarbamol-use-is-associated-with-decreased-hospital-length-of-stay-in-trauma-patients-with-closed-rib-fractures
#7
Asad E Patanwala, Ohoud Aljuhani, Brian J Kopp, Brian L Erstad
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of methocarbamol on hospital length of stay in patients with closed rib fracture injuries. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted in an academic medical center in the United States. Adult trauma patients, who sustained closed rib fractures, were included. Patients were categorized based on whether they received methocarbamol or not during admission. The primary outcome of interest was time to hospital discharge in days (i...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088194/testing-a-cognitive-model-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-childbirth
#8
Lydia King, Kirstie McKenzie-McHarg, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: One third of women describes their childbirth as traumatic and between 0.8 and 6.9% goes on to develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The cognitive model of PTSD has been shown to be applicable to a range of trauma samples. However, childbirth is qualitatively different to other trauma types and special consideration needs to be taken when applying it to this population. Previous studies have investigated some cognitive variables in isolation but no study has so far looked at all the key processes described in the cognitive model...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088089/the-traumatic-potential-of-a-projectile-shot-from-a-sling
#9
Igor Borovsky, Zvi Lankovsky, Leonid Kalichman, Victor Belkin
Herein, we analyze the energy parameters of stones of various weights and shapes shot from a sling and based on this data evaluate its traumatic potential. Four police officers proficient in the use of a sling participated in the trials. The following projectile types, shot using an overhead technique at a target 100m away were: round steel balls of different sizes and weights (24mm, 57g; 32mm, 135g; 38mm, 227g); different shaped stones weighing 100-150g and 150-200g and a golf ball (47g). Our data indicated that projectiles shot from unconventional weapons such as a sling, have serious traumatic potential for unprotected individuals and can cause blunt trauma of moderate to critical severity such as fractures of the trunk, limb, and facial skull bone, depending on the weight and shape of the projectile and the distance from the source of danger...
October 26, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088054/medicinal-versus-recreational-cannabis-use-patterns-of-cannabis-use-alcohol-use-and-cued-arousal-among-veterans-who-screen-positive-for-ptsd
#10
Mallory Loflin, Mitch Earleywine, Marcel Bonn-Miller
INTRODUCTION: The present study is the first to test whether veterans who use cannabis specifically for the purposes of self-medication for their reported PTSD symptoms differ from veterans who use cannabis medicinally for other reasons, or recreationally, in terms of patterns of cannabis use, use of alcohol, and reactivity to written combat trauma reminders. METHODS: Assessment measures were administered online to a sample of veterans with a history of cannabis use (n=1971)...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087960/retention-of-knowledge-following-training-of-students-in-basic-trauma-life-support
#11
K G Lim, S K Lum, I A S Burud
INTRODUCTION: In the course of their undergraduate training at the International Medical University, students receive a Basic Trauma Life Support course. OBJECTIVE: We wanted to test the long-term retention of knowledge (after 16 months) of third year medical students who had received training in Basic Trauma Life Support Method: To assess the retention of knowledge one cohort of students who received the training course were tested again 16 months later using the same 30 question One Best Answer quiz...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087958/the-teaching-of-trauma-management-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#12
S K Lum, T Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: The teaching of trauma in medical schools faces many educational and logistic challenges. Issues on what to teach, how to teach, when to teach, who will teach and whether medical students with insufficient exposure to clinical medicine can benefit from a trauma course are unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A well-designed one day intensive trauma course concentrating on the primary survey was taught to semester seven and semester eight students by a multi-disciplinary team comprising of surgeons, anaesthetists, emergency physicians and trained medical officers...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087763/circadian-kinetics-of-cell-cycle-progression-in-adult-neurogenic-niches-of-a-diurnal-vertebrate
#13
Veronica Akle, Alexander J Stankiewicz, Vasili Kharchenko, Lili Yu, Peter V Kharchenko, Irina V Zhdanova
: The circadian system may regulate adult neurogenesis via intracellular molecular clock mechanisms or by modifying the environment of neurogenic niches, with daily variation in growth factors or nutrients depending on the animal's diurnal or nocturnal life-style. In a diurnal vertebrate, zebrafish, we studied circadian distribution of immunohistochemical markers of the cell division cycle (CDC) in five of the sixteen neurogenic niches of adult brain, the dorsal telencephalon, habenula, preoptic area, hypothalamus and cerebellum...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087547/risk-of-pneumonia-in-patients-with-isolated-minor-rib-fractures-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#14
Sai-Wai Ho, Ying-Hock Teng, Shun-Fa Yang, Han-Wei Yeh, Yu-Hsun Wang, Ming-Chih Chou, Chao-Bin Yeh
OBJECTIVES: Isolated minor rib fractures (IMRFs) after blunt chest traumas are commonly observed in emergency departments. However, the relationship between IMRFs and subsequent pneumonia remains controversial. This nationwide cohort study investigated the association between IMRFs and the risk of pneumonia in patients with blunt chest traumas. DESIGN: Nationwide population-based cohort study. SETTING: Patients with IMRFs were identified between 2010 and 2011 from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087435/postmyelotomy-closure-of-spinal-cord-zip-lock-technique-an-initial-experience
#15
Daljit Singh, Shaam Bodeliwala, Hukum Singh, Anita Jagetia, Amit Mittal
Proper closure of the pia matter is necessary to restore the normal anatomy and prevent postoperative painful dysesthesia after excision of intramedullary spinal cord tumor. Two methods of closure of the pia have been described: welding technique and conventional suturing. Here, we report our initial experience with a new "pial press" or "zip-lock" technique for pial closure where pial layers are simply held together and plunged into each other with small micro tooth forceps. Advantages of the technique over other techniques are its less chances of suture related complications or trauma to the posterior column and simplicity of the technique...
January 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087409/thioredoxin-a-novel-biomarker-of-post-injury-sepsis
#16
Jesper Eriksson, Andreas Gidlöf, Mikael Eriksson, Emma Larsson, Olof Brattström, Anders Oldner
BACKGROUND: Thioredoxin (TRX), an endogenous anti-oxidant protein induced in inflammatory conditions, has been shown to increase in plasma and to be associated with outcome in septic patients. This biomarker has never been studied in a trauma setting. We hypothesized that TRX would be increased after trauma and associated with post-injury sepsis. METHODS: Single-centre prospective observational study conducted at the intensive care unit (ICU) at the Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, a level-1 trauma centre...
January 10, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087394/hawkins-type-ii-talar-fracturewithsubtalar-dislocation%C3%A2-a-veryunusualcombination
#17
Romain Gérard, Nathalie Kerfant, Geoffroy Dubois de Mont Marin, Richard Stern, Mathieu Assal
We report the unusualcase of a 16-year-old young man whosustained a rare association of a Hawkins' type-II talar neck fracture with a completemedialsubtalar dislocation (Hawkins type-IIB) thatoccurred as anisolatedinjuryafter indirect trauma during a soccer game. Followingclosedreduction of the subtalar dislocation, standard radiographs and computedtomography (CT)demonstrated a comminuted fracture of the talus involving the base of the talar neck. Open reductionwasperformed and the fracture wasstabilizedby ORIF...
January 10, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087346/patterns-of-retinal-hemorrhage-associated-with-pediatric-cerebral-sinovenous-thrombosis
#18
Gil Binenbaum, Julia E Reid, David L Rogers, Anne Jensen, Lori L Billinghurst, Brian J Forbes
BACKGROUND: Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) has been proposed as an alternative cause of retinal hemorrhage (RH) in children being evaluated for abusive head trauma. This study investigated the prevalence and characteristics of RH in children with CSVT. METHODS: The medical records of children >6 weeks of age with newly diagnosed CSVT and fundus examination by an ophthalmologist were examined retrospectively. Primary outcomes were presence and patterns of RH...
January 10, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087184/clinical-characteristics-of-ruptured-distal-middle-cerebral-artery-aneurysms-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Keiji Tsutsumi, Tetsuyoshi Horiuchi, Alhusain Nagm, Yasuyuki Toba, Kazuhiro Hongo
Middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms usually arise at the primary MCA bifurcation or trifurcation. Distal MCA aneurysms are rarely considered as sources of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). It has been reported that ruptured distal MCA aneurysms are associated with head trauma, neoplastic emboli, arterial dissection, or bacterial infection. We experienced five cases of ruptured distal MCA aneurysms and evaluated their clinical characteristics. Retrospective analysis of aneurysmal SAH at Kobayashi Neurosurgical Neurological Hospital was performed from January, 2004 to December, 2014...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087129/childhood-maltreatment-and-unprotected-sex-among-female-juvenile-offenders-evidence-of-mediation-by-substance-abuse-and-psychological-distress
#20
Kristen Clements-Nolle, Sandra Larson, Aliya Buttar, Lindsey Dermid-Gray
PURPOSE: Research has shown that childhood maltreatment is associated with sexual risk taking among female juvenile offenders; however, the mechanisms by which maltreatment influences sexual risk remain poorly understood. We assessed whether substance abuse, psychological distress, and dating violence mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and unprotected sex. METHODS: Sexually active female juvenile offenders (13-17 years of age) completed audio computer-assisted self-interviews (n = 232)...
January 10, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
keyword
keyword
129
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"