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Zhiping Zhang, Martin Schmelz, Märta Segerdahl, Hans Quiding, Carina Centerholt, Anna Juréus, Thomas Hedley Carr, Jessica Whiteley, Hugh Salter, Mari Skylstad Kvernebo, Kristin Ørstavik, Tormod Helås, Inge-Petter Kleggetveit, Lars Kristian Lunden, Ellen Jørum
Background and aim "Gain-of-function" mutations in voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.7 have been linked to erythromelalgia (EM), characterized by painful hot and red hands and feet. We investigated the proportion of patients with EM that carry a mutation in NaV1.7 or in other pain-related genes and studied possible clinical differences. Methods In this study, 48 patients with EM were screened for mutations in a total of 29 candidate genes, including all sodium channel subunits, transient receptor potential channels (TRPA1, TRPV1, TRPM8), neurotrophic factors (NGF, NGFR, BDNF, GDNF, NTRK1 and WNK1) and other known pain-related genes (CACNG2, KCNS1, COMT, P2RX3, TAC1, TACR1), using a combination of next generation sequencing and classical Sanger sequencing...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
S S Murray, A W Wong, J Yang, Y Li, U Putz, S-S Tan, J Howitt
The regulation of Trk receptors is critical for orchestrating multiple signalling pathways required for developing and maintaining neuronal networks. Activation of Trk receptors results in signalling, internalisation and subsequent degradation of the protein. Although ubiquitination of TrkA by Nedd4-2 has been identified as an important degradation pathway, much less is known about the pathways regulating the degradation of TrkB and TrkC. Critical to the interaction between TrkA and Nedd4-2 is a PPxY motif present within TrkA but absent in TrkB and TrkC...
June 18, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Naoto Tanaka, Giuseppe P Cortese, Ruth M Barrientos, Steven F Maier, Susan L Patterson
Aging increases the risk of abrupt declines in cognitive function after an event that triggers immune system activation (e.g. surgery, infection, or injury). This phenomenon is poorly understood, but rodent models may provide clues. We have previously shown that aging (24-mo-old) F344xBN rats generally do not show significant physical or cognitive impairments. However, their brains mount an exaggerated inflammatory response to signals triggered by a peripheral immune challenge (an intraperitoneal injection of Escherichia coli or laparotomy)...
May 2018: ENeuro
Marion Soto, Clémence Herzog, Julian A Pacheco, Shiho Fujisaka, Kevin Bullock, Clary B Clish, C Ronald Kahn
Obesity and diabetes in humans are associated with increased rates of anxiety and depression. To understand the role of the gut microbiome and brain insulin resistance in these disorders, we evaluated behaviors and insulin action in brain of mice with diet-induced obesity (DIO) with and without antibiotic treatment. We find that DIO mice have behaviors reflective of increased anxiety and depression. This is associated with decreased insulin signaling and increased inflammation in in the nucleus accumbens and amygdala...
June 18, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
Joanna I Giza, Jihye Kim, Heidi C Meyer, Agustin Anastasia, Iva Dincheva, Crystal I Zheng, Katherine Lopez, Henrietta Bains, Jianmin Yang, Clay Bracken, Conor Liston, Deqiang Jing, Barbara L Hempstead, Francis S Lee
A human variant in the BDNF gene (Val66Met; rs6265) is associated with impaired fear extinction. Using super-resolution imaging, we demonstrate that the BDNF Met prodomain disassembles dendritic spines and eliminates synapses in hippocampal neurons. In vivo, ventral CA1 (vCA1) hippocampal neurons undergo similar morphological changes dependent on their transient co-expression of a SorCS2/p75NTR receptor complex during peri-adolescence. BDNF Met prodomain infusion into the vCA1 during this developmental time frame reduces dendritic spine density and prelimbic (PL) projections, impairing cued fear extinction...
June 2, 2018: Neuron
Imdad Ullah Khan, Yongseok Yoon, Ahyoung Kim, Kwang Rae Jo, Kyeung Uk Choi, Taeseong Jung, Namyul Kim, YeonSung Son, Wan Hee Kim, Oh-Kyeong Kweon
Abundant expression of proinflammatory cytokines after a spinal cord injury (SCI) creates an inhibitory microenvironment for neuroregeneration. The mesenchymal stem cells help to mitigate the inflammation and improve neural growth and survival. For this purpose, we potentiated the function of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (Ad-MSCs) by transfecting them with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), through a lentivirus, to produce BDNF overexpressed Ad-MSCs (BDNF-MSCs), and HO-1 overexpressed Ad-MSCs (HO-1-MSCs)...
January 1, 2018: Cell Transplantation
Angela Vandenberg, Wan Chen Lin, Lung-Hao Tai, Dorit Ron, Linda Wilbrecht
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Xi Chen, Yongheng Fan, Zhifeng Xiao, Xing Li, Bin Yang, Yannan Zhao, Xianglin Hou, Sufang Han, Jianwu Dai
Objective: To evaluate the effect of the combination of collagen scaffold and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on the repair of transected spinal cord injury in rats. Methods: Thirty-two Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: group A (sham operation group), T 9 , T 10 segments of the spinal cord was only exposed; group B, 4-mm T 9 , T 10 segments of the spinal cord were resected; group C, 4-mm T 9 , T 10 segments of the spinal cord were resected and linear ordered collagen scaffolds (LOCS) with corresponding length was transplanted into lesion site; group D, 4-mm T 9 , T 10 segments of the spinal cord were resected and LOCS with collagen binding domain (CBD)-BDNF was transplanted into lesion site...
June 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Nagannathahalli Ranga Reddy, Sairam Krishnamurthy
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is an anxiety disorder with prolonged distortion of rational behavior. In this study, we report the preclinical potential of olanzapine (OLZ) in the treatment of PTSD. Since the atypical antipsychotics have modulating effects on cell protective and destructive factors, we tested the effects of OLZ in PTSD regarding these cell modulating factors. Rats, when subjected to stress-restress (SRS) model of PTSD, showed a derangement in cell protective factors like the decline in BDNF, ERK, and CREB...
June 11, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
Cong-Cong Guo, Chun-Hong Jiao, Zhen-Mei Gao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) brain-derived neurotrophic factor anti-sense (BDNF-AS) on the Aβ25-35 -induced neurotoxicity in PC12 cells. METHODS: PC12 cells were induced by Aβ25-35 to construct cell injury models of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and then transfected with siRNA-BDNF-AS. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was employed to detect the expressions of BDNF-AS and BDNF. Besides, 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and Hoechst33342 staining were utilized to analyze the cell viability and apoptosis, respectively, Western blotting to evaluate the protein expressions, immunofluorescence to assess the Cytochrome C (Cyt C) release, and Rhodamine 123 (Rh123) to measure the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP)...
June 14, 2018: Neurological Research
Wei Duan, Yan Chen, Xiao-Rong Wang
Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to measure the expression of microRNA-155 in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Commercial kit and western blot analysis were used to measure gap-associated protein expression. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of microRNA‑155 (miRNA‑155) in the occurrence of epilepsy and the molecular mechanism involved. In patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, miRNA‑155 expression was evidently higher than that in patients of the normal volunteers group...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Jimmy Rodriguez Murillo, Livia Goto-Silva, Aniel Sánchez, Fábio C S Nogueira, Gilberto B Domont, Magno Junqueira
SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells are susceptible to differentiation using retinoic acid (RA) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), providing a model of neuronal differentiation. We compared SH-SY5Y cells proteome before and after RA/BDNF treatment using iTRAQ and phosphopeptide enrichment strategies. We identified 5587 proteins, 366 of them with differential abundance. Differentiated cells expressed proteins related to neuronal development, and, undifferentiated cells expressed proteins involved in cell proliferation...
September 2017: EuPA Open Proteomics
Henry M Corpuz, Saki Ichikawa, Misa Arimura, Toshihiro Mihara, Takehisa Kumagai, Takakazu Mitani, Soichiro Nakamura, Shigeru Katayama
This study aimed to assess the suppressive effect of long-term diet supplementation with Lactobacillus strains on cognitive decline in the senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) model. For 43 weeks, fourteen-week-old female SAMP8 mice were fed a standard diet containing 0.05% ( w / w ) Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei 327 (L. 327) or Lactobacillus paracasei K71 (L. K71) derived from rice grains and sake lees, respectively. SAMP8 mice that were fed a L. K71-supplemented diet had better cognitive performance compared with the control and L...
June 13, 2018: Nutrients
Eun-Jeong Kim, Yong-Ku Kim
Objective: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has possible neurobiologic impact on etiology of schizophrenia. We hypothesized that the specific allele or the genotype such as two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) , 196G/A (rs6265), 11757G/C(rs16917204) is associated with schizophrenia or its clinical features. Methods: 241 normal controls and 157 schizophrenia patients are included. The differences in allele or genotype distribution for the patients and normal controls were analyzed...
June 15, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
Sally K da Silva, Carolina Wiener, Gabriele Ghisleni, Jean P Oses, Karen Jansen, Mariane L Molina, Ricardo Silva, Luciano D Souza
OBJECTIVE: To correlate neurotrophic factors - brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), and beta-nerve growth factor (beta-NGF) - and severity of depressive symptoms in patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) undergoing cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, participants were selected by convenience and received 16 sessions of CBT. The outcomes of interest were severity of depressive symptoms and changes in neurotrophic factor levels after CBT...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Natalia Pessoa Rocha, João Paulo Sampaio Ferreira, Paula Luciana Scalzo, Izabela Guimarães Barbosa, Mariana Soares de Souza, Paulo Pereira Christo, Helton José Reis, Antonio Lucio Teixeira
There is great evidence linking neurotrophic factor (NF) dysfunction with Parkinson's disease (PD) pathophysiology. This study was conducted to evaluate plasma levels of NFs and their possible associations with clinical symptoms in PD. For this purpose, 40 PD patients and 25 controls were subjected to a clinical evaluation and peripheral blood draw. Plasma levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), pro-BDNF, neurotrophin 3, neurotrophin 4, nerve growth, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor and ciliary neurotrophic factor were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
May 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Huaying Zhao, Changying Diao, Xiaohui Wang, Yilin Xie, Yaqing Liu, Xianzheng Gao, Jing Han, Shenglei Li
This study was aimed at exploring the effect of lncRNA BDNF-AS on cell proliferation, migration, invasion and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of oesophageal cancer (EC) cells. The expression of BDNF-AS and miR-214 in tissue samples and cells was measured by qRT-PCR. The targeted relationship between BDNF-AS and miR-214 was analysed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. After cell transfection, the cell proliferation activity was assessed by MTS method, while the migrating and invading abilities were evaluated by transwell assay...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Olena Prykhodko, Jonna Sandberg, Stephen Burleigh, Inger Björck, Anne Nilsson, Frida Fåk Hållenius
Rye kernel bread (RKB) evening meals improve glucose tolerance, enhance appetite regulation and increase satiety in healthy volunteers. These beneficial effects on metabolic responses have been shown to be associated with increased gut fermentation. The present study aimed to elucidate if RKB evening meals may cause rapid alterations in microbiota composition that might be linked to metabolic-, immune-, and appetite- parameters. Gut-brain axis interaction was also studied by relating microbiota composition to amount of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in blood plasma...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
Ting Shen, Yuyi You, Chitra Joseph, Mehdi Mirzaei, Alexander Klistorner, Stuart L Graham, Vivek Gupta
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has a unique role in the neuronal development, differentiation, and survival in the developing and adult nervous system. A common single-nucleotide polymorphism in the pro-region of the human BDNF gene, resulting in a valine to methionine substitution (Val66Met), has been associated with the susceptibility, incidence, and clinical features of several neurodegenerative disorders. Much research has been dedicated to evaluating the effects of polymorphism in the past decade, and functional effects of this genetic variation...
June 2018: Aging and Disease
Kiyokazu Atake, Tomoyuki Nakamura, Nobuhisa Ueda, Hikaru Hori, Asuka Katsuki, Reiji Yoshimura
Background: Cognitive impairment in schizophrenia can result in considerable difficulty in performing functions of daily life or social rehabilitation. Cognitive impairment in schizophrenia is related to various factors, such as the psychotic severity, aging, medication, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). To date, however, no studies investigating the impact of these factors on cognitive functioning in chronic schizophrenia patients have been performed. Objective: The aim of this study is to identify those factors that influence the cognitive functioning in patients with chronic schizophrenia...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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