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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779715/evaluating-satisfaction-of-patients-with-stutter-regarding-the-tele-speech-therapy-method-and-infrastructure
#1
Maryam Eslami Jahromi, Leila Ahmadian
OBJECTIVE: Investigating the required infrastructure for the implementation of telemedicine and the satisfaction of target groups improves the acceptance of this technology and facilitates the delivery of healthcare services. The aim of this study was to assess the satisfaction of patients with stutter concerning the therapeutic method and the infrastructure used to receive tele-speech therapy services. METHODS: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on all patients with stutter aged between 14 and 39 years at Jahrom Social Welfare Bureau (n = 30)...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756528/stuttering-frequency-speech-rate-speech-naturalness-and-speech-effort-during-the-production-of-voluntary-stuttering
#2
Jason H Davidow, Heather L Grossman, Robin L Edge
PURPOSE: Voluntary stuttering techniques involve persons who stutter purposefully interjecting disfluencies into their speech. Little research has been conducted on the impact of these techniques on the speech pattern of persons who stutter. The present study examined whether changes in the frequency of voluntary stuttering accompanied changes in stuttering frequency, articulation rate, speech naturalness, and speech effort. METHOD: In total, 12 persons who stutter aged 16-34 years participated...
May 1, 2018: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755328/evidence-for-a-resting-state-network-abnormality-in-adults-who-stutter
#3
Amir H Ghaderi, Masoud N Andevari, Paul F Sowman
Neural network-based investigations of stuttering have begun to provide a possible integrative account for the large number of brain-based anomalies associated with stuttering. Here we used resting-state EEG to investigate functional brain networks in adults who stutter ( AWS ). Participants were 19 AWS and 52 age-, and gender-matched normally fluent speakers. EEGs were recorded and connectivity matrices were generated by LORETA in the theta (4-8 Hz), alpha (8-12 Hz), beta1 (12-20 Hz), and beta2 (20-30 Hz) bands...
2018: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754132/recovery-of-brain-abscess-induced-stuttering-after-neurosurgical-intervention
#4
Daisuke Sudo, Youichi Doutake, Hidenori Yokota, Eiju Watanabe
Stuttering occurs in approximately 5% of all children and 1% of adults. One type, neurogenic stuttering, is usually attributable to strokes or other structural damages to the brain areas that are responsible for language fluency. Here, we present the first case of neurogenic stuttering caused by a brain abscess. The patient was a 60-year-old man admitted for a seizure and administered an anticonvulsant, after which he began stuttering. MRI revealed a brain abscess in the left frontal lobe that extended to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (BA (Brodmann's area) 9 and 46), frontal eye field (BA 8) and premotor cortex and supplementary motor area (BA 6)...
May 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747034/identification-of-neural-structures-involved-in-stuttering-using-vibrotactile-feedback
#5
Oliver Cheadle, Clarissa Sorger, Peter Howell
Feedback delivered over auditory and vibratory afferent pathways has different effects on the fluency of people who stutter (PWS). These features were exploited to investigate the neural structures involved in stuttering. The speech signal vibrated locations on the body (vibrotactile feedback, VTF). Eleven PWS read passages under VTF and control (no-VTF) conditions. All combinations of vibration amplitude, synchronous or delayed VTF and vibrator position (hand, sternum or forehead) were presented. Control conditions were performed at the beginning, middle and end of test sessions...
May 7, 2018: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738875/effects-of-measurement-method-and-transcript-availability-on-inexperienced-raters-stuttering-frequency-scores
#6
Nalanda Chakraborty, Kenneth J Logan
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of measurement method and transcript availability on the accuracy, reliability, and efficiency of inexperienced raters' stuttering frequency measurements. METHOD: 44 adults, all inexperienced at evaluating stuttered speech, underwent 20 min of preliminary training in stuttering measurement and then analyzed a series of sentences, with and without access to transcripts of sentence stimuli, using either a syllable-based analysis (SBA) or an utterance-based analysis (UBA)...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735345/corrigendum-to-communication-attitudes-in-children-who-stutter-a-meta-analytic-review-j-fluency-disord-46c-2015-1-14
#7
Linn Stokke Guttormsen, Elaina Kefalianos, Kari-Anne B Naess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728176/the-linguistic-aspects-of-the-speech-of-jordanian-children-who-stutter
#8
Mazin Alqhazo, Sawsan Al-Dennawi
BACKGROUND: The influence of linguistic variables on moments of stuttering has been a popular area of research for several years. The purpose of this study is to assess the linguistic factors of the speech of children who stutter. METHODS: Forty-one children who stutter (31 males, 10 females) were selected from 14 schools with age range of 6-13 years. Phonological and morphological variables were measured using spontaneous speech task, whereas syntactic variables were measured using sentence completion task...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723729/cortical-associates-of-emotional-reactivity-and-regulation-in-childhood-stuttering
#9
Hatun Zengin-Bolatkale, Edward G Conture, Alexandra P Key, Tedra A Walden, Robin M Jones
PURPOSE: This study sought to determine the cortical associates of emotional reactivity and emotion regulation (as indexed by the amplitude of evoked response potentials [ERP]) in young children who do and do not stutter during passive viewing of pleasant, unpleasant and neutral pictures. METHOD: Participants were 17 young children who stutter and 22 young children who do not stutter (between 4 years 0 months to 6 years 11 months). The dependent measures were (1) mean amplitude of late positive potential (LPP, an ERP sensitive to emotional stimuli) during passive (i...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723653/a-persian-version-of-the-stuttering-severity-instrument-version-four-ssi-4-how-the-new-additions-to-ssi-4-complement-its-stuttering-severity-score
#10
Neda Tahmasebi, Bijan Shafie, Hamid Karimi, Masood Mazaheri
PURPOSE: The fourth version of the Stuttering Severity Instrument (SSI-4) has been available since 2009. It has some modifications and new features which make it more appropriate at least for clinical practice, although further documentation is needed. The objective of the current research was to translate SSI-4 into Persian language and to discuss its relative and absolute reliability as well as its criterion validity for Persian adults who stutter (PWS). We also aimed to study how the new subjective self-reports of the SSI-4 complement the stuttering severity score obtained from the SSI-3 or the SSI-4...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713098/successful-management-of-psychotropics-induced-stuttering-priapism-with-pseudoephedrine-in-a-patient-with-schizophrenia
#11
Srinagesh Mannekote Thippaiah, Soumya Nagaraja, Badari Birur, Ananda Pandurangi
Stuttering Priapism is a recurrent, persistent penile erection in the absence of sexual desire due to altered genital hemodynamics, affecting the arterial component (high flow, non-ischemic) or the veno-occlusive mechanism (low flow, ischemic). Both typical and atypical antipsychotics increase the risk for priapism with greater implications in typicals than atypicals. Prompt recognition and treatment are important as 40% to 50% of patients with stuttering priapism may develop an erectile dysfunction if left untreated...
February 5, 2018: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710314/auditory-perceptual-assessment-of-fluency-in-typical-and-neurologically-disordered-speech
#12
Nelly Penttilä, Anna-Maija Korpijaakko-Huuhka, Ray D Kent
Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate how speech fluency in typical and atypical speech is perceptually assessed by speech-language pathologists (SLPs). Our research questions were as follows: (a) How do SLPs rate fluency in speakers with and without neurological communication disorders? (b) Do they differentiate the speaker groups? and (c) What features do they hear impairing speech fluency? Method: Ten SLPs specialized in neurological communication disorders volunteered as expert judges to rate 90 narrative speech samples on a Visual Analogue Scale (see Kempster, Gerratt, Verdolini Abbott, Barkmeier-Kraemer, & Hillman, 2009; p...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702330/stutter-analysis-of-complex-str-mps-data
#13
Søren B Vilsen, Torben Tvedebrink, Poul Svante Eriksen, Claus Bøsting, Christian Hussing, Helle Smidt Mogensen, Niels Morling
Stutters are common and well documented artefacts of amplification of short tandem repeat (STR) regions when using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) occurring as strands one or more motifs shorter or longer than the parental allele. Understanding the mechanism and rate by which stutters are created is especially important when the samples contain small amounts of DNA or DNA from multiple contributors. It has been shown that there is a linear relationship between the longest uninterrupted stretch (LUS) and the stutter ratio...
April 20, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695426/structural-and-functional-features-of-the-reovirus-%C3%AF-1-tail
#14
Melanie H Dietrich, Kristen M Ogden, Jacob M Long, Rebecca Ebenhoch, Alexandra Thor, Terence S Dermody, Thilo Stehle
Mammalian orthoreovirus attachment to target cells is mediated by outer-capsid protein σ1, which projects from the virion surface. The σ1 protein is a homotrimer consisting of a filamentous tail, which is partly inserted into the virion, a body domain constructed from β-spiral repeats, and a globular head with receptor-binding properties. The σ1 tail is predicted to form an α-helical coiled coil. Although σ1 undergoes a conformational change during cell entry, the nature of this change and its contributions to viral replication are unknown...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680798/corpus-callosum-demyelination-associated-with-acquired-stuttering
#15
Barbara McElwee Decker, Barry Guitar, Andrew Solomon
Compared with developmental stuttering, adult onset acquired stuttering is rare. However, several case reports describe acquired stuttering and an association with callosal pathology. Interestingly, these cases share a neuroanatomical localisation also demonstrated in developmental stuttering. We present a case of adult onset acquired stuttering associated with inflammatory demyelination within the corpus callosum. This patient's disfluency improved after the initiation of immunomodulatory therapy.
April 21, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670516/the-effects-of-fluency-enhancing-conditions-on-sensorimotor-control-of-speech-in-typically-fluent-speakers-an-eeg-mu-rhythm-study
#16
Tiffani Kittilstved, Kevin J Reilly, Ashley W Harkrider, Devin Casenhiser, David Thornton, David E Jenson, Tricia Hedinger, Andrew L Bowers, Tim Saltuklaroglu
Objective : To determine whether changes in sensorimotor control resulting from speaking conditions that induce fluency in people who stutter (PWS) can be measured using electroencephalographic (EEG) mu rhythms in neurotypical speakers. Methods : Non-stuttering (NS) adults spoke in one control condition (solo speaking) and four experimental conditions (choral speech, delayed auditory feedback (DAF), prolonged speech and pseudostuttering). Independent component analysis (ICA) was used to identify sensorimotor μ components from EEG recordings...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660688/implementation-and-validation-of-an-improved-allele-specific-stutter-filtering-method-for-electropherogram-interpretation
#17
Tim Kalafut, Curt Schuerman, Joel Sutton, Tom Faris, Luigi Armogida, Jo-Anne Bright, John Buckleton, Duncan Taylor
Modern probabilistic genotyping (PG) software is capable of modeling stutter as part of the profile weighting statistic. This allows for peaks in stutter positions to be considered as allelic or stutter or both. However, prior to running any sample through a PG calculator, the examiner must first interpret the sample, considering such things as artifacts and number of contributors (NOC or N). Stutter can play a major role both during the assignment of the number of contributors, and the assessment of inclusion and exclusion...
March 31, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648952/reliability-and-validity-evidence-of-the-assessment-of-language-use-in-social-contexts-for-adults-alusca
#18
Ana Rita S Valente, Andreia Hall, Helena Alvelos, Margaret Leahy, Luis M T Jesus
BACKGROUND: The appropriate use of language in context depends on the speaker's pragmatic language competencies. A coding system was used to develop a specific and adult-focused self-administered questionnaire to adults who stutter and adults who do not stutter, The Assessment of Language Use in Social Contexts for Adults, with three categories: precursors, basic exchanges, and extended literal/non-literal discourse. This paper presents the content validity, item analysis, reliability coefficients and evidences of construct validity of the instrument...
April 12, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642734/language-development-in-children-who-stutter-a-review-of-recent-research
#19
Marilyn A Nippold
PURPOSE: This article reviews recent studies that examined the controversial claim that children who stutter (CWS), as a group, have weaker language skills than children who do not stutter (CWNS). The article was an effort to address the conflicting conclusions of two previous reviews of the research in this area. METHOD: Studies published in research journals during the past 7 years (2011-2018) were located through a systematic review of the literature. Each study was analysed to determine how well it supported the claim that CWS, as a group, have weaker language skills than CWNS...
April 11, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624772/separation-of-trait-and-state-in-stuttering
#20
Emily L Connally, David Ward, Christos Pliatsikas, Sarah Finnegan, Mark Jenkinson, Rowan Boyles, Kate E Watkins
Stuttering is a disorder in which the smooth flow of speech is interrupted. People who stutter show structural and functional abnormalities in the speech and motor system. It is unclear whether functional differences reflect general traits of the disorder or are specifically related to the dysfluent speech state. We used a hierarchical approach to separate state and trait effects within stuttering. We collected sparse-sampled functional MRI during two overt speech tasks (sentence reading and picture description) in 17 people who stutter and 16 fluent controls...
April 6, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
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