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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710926/speech-and-language-therapy-service-delivery-overcoming-limited-provision-for-children
#1
L M T Jesus, J Martinez, A R Valente, M C Costa
OBJECTIVES: To test an alternative Speech and Language Therapy (SLT) service delivery model based on partnerships between a University and local schools and charities, and to report on the impact and feasibility of intervention based on long-term outcome measures and three case studies with individual analysis of Reliable Change. STUDY DESIGN: The following six-step model was tested: 1-establishing partnerships; 2-flagging children; 3-pre-treatment SLT assessment; 4-reporting and discussion with parents and teachers; 5-treatment; 6-post-treatment assessment...
July 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700972/evaluating-the-use-of-in-situ-turbidity-measurements-to-quantify-fluvial-sediment-and-phosphorus-concentrations-and-fluxes-in-agricultural-streams
#2
Marc Stutter, Julian J C Dawson, Miriam Glendell, Fiona Napier, Jacqueline M Potts, James Sample, Andrew Vinten, Helen Watson
Accurate quantification of suspended sediments (SS) and particulate phosphorus (PP) concentrations and loads is complex due to episodic delivery associated with storms and management activities often missed by infrequent sampling. Surrogate measurements such as turbidity can improve understanding of pollutant behaviour, providing calibrations can be made cost-effectively and with quantified uncertainties. Here, we compared fortnightly and storm intensive water quality sampling with semi-continuous turbidity monitoring calibrated against spot samples as three potential methods for determining SS and PP concentrations and loads in an agricultural catchment over two-years...
July 9, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697606/dysphonia-in-adults-with-developmental-stuttering-a-descriptive-study
#3
Anél Botha, Elizbé Ras, Shabnam Abdoola, Jeannie Van der Linde
BACKGROUND: Persons with stuttering (PWS) often present with other co-occurring conditions. The World Health Organization's (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) proposes that it is important to understand the full burden of a health condition. A few studies have explored voice problems among PWS, and the characteristics of voices of PWS are relatively unknown. The importance of conducting future research has been emphasised. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the vocal characteristics of PWS...
June 26, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688559/an-evaluation-of-oxidative-and-nitrosative-stress-in-children-who-stutter-and-its-relationship-to-severity
#4
Nagihan Bilal, Selman Sarica, Ergül Belge Kurutas, Ebru Findikli, İsrafil Orhan, Erkan Oner, Adem Doganer, Saime Sagiroglu, Mehmet Akif Kilic
OBJECTIVES: Although there has been much research into the cause of stuttering, it has not yet been fully clarified. There is known to be a close relationship between stress severity and stuttering. The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of oxidative and nitrosative stress by comparing a stuttering group and a control group. It was also aimed to evaluate the relationship between the oxidative and nitrosative stress levels and the severity of the stutter. METHODS: The study included a total of 80 individuals, comprising a study group of 40 and a control group of 40...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683227/supervised-injectable-heroin-a-clinical-perspective
#5
James Bell, Rob van der Waal, John Strang
BACKGROUND: Six recent randomised control trials (RCTs) have suggested that supervised injectable heroin (SIH) can be effective in patients who persist in street heroin use during methadone treatment. However, short-term randomised control trials have limitations in assessing the effectiveness of treatments for addictive disorders, which are chronic and relapsing disorders of motivation. These RCTs particularly fail to capture the process of the SIH treatment and the diversity of influence and change over time...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680088/developmental-validation-of-a-6-dye-typing-system-with-27-loci-and-application-in-han-population-of-china
#6
Yaju Liu, Lihong Guo, Haiying Jin, Zheng Li, Rufeng Bai, Meisen Shi, Shuhua Ma
In this study, a novel 27-locus system (now known as the SureID PanGlobal system), including 24 autosomal STRs (D3S1358, TH01, D21S11, D18S51, Penta E, D12S391, D6S1043, D2S1338, D1S1656, D2S441, D5S818, D13S317, D7S820, D19S433, CSF1PO, Penta D, vWA, D8S1179, TPOX, FGA, D16S539, D22S1045, SE33, D10S1248), two Y-chromosome markers (DYS391 and Y-indel) and the sex determining marker, Amelogenin was developed with six fluorescent dyes labeling. The included STR loci belonged to the core loci in the Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) and the European Standard Set (ESS) as well as some additional loci commonly used in commercial kits and national DNA databases...
July 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665756/stuttering-on-function-words-in-bilingual-children-who-stutter-a-preliminary-study
#7
Zoi Gkalitsiou, Courtney T Byrd, Lisa M Bedore, Casey L Taliancich-Klinger
Evidence suggests young monolingual children who stutter (CWS) are more disfluent on function than content words, particularly when produced in the initial utterance position. The purpose of the present preliminary study was to investigate whether young bilingual CWS present with this same pattern. The narrative and conversational samples of four bilingual Spanish- and English-speaking CWS were analysed. All four bilingual participants produced significantly more stuttering on function words compared to content words, irrespective of their position in the utterance, in their Spanish narrative and conversational speech samples...
June 30, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665156/fluency-adaptation-in-speakers-with-parkinson-disease-a-motor-learning-perspective
#8
Jason A Whitfield, Catharine Delong, Alexander M Goberman, Michael Blomgren
PURPOSE: Fluency adaptation is characterised by a reduction in stuttering-like behaviours over successive readings of the same speech material and is an effect that is typically observed in developmental stuttering. Prominent theories suggest that short-term motor learning associated with practice explain, in part, fluency adaptation. The current investigation examined the fluency adaptation effect in a group of speakers with Parkinson disease (PD) who exhibited stuttering-like disfluencies...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655373/the-pathogenesis-assessment-and-treatment-of-speech-fluency-disorders
#9
Katrin Neumann, Harald A Euler, Hans-Georg Bosshardt, Susanne Cook, Patricia Sandrieser, Martin Sommer
BACKGROUND: Approximately 1% of children and adolescents, 0.2% of women, and 0.8% of men suffer from stuttering, and lesser numbers from cluttering. Persistent speech fluency disorders often cause lifelong problems in communication and social participation. METHODS: In an interdisciplinary, evidence and consensus based clinical practice guideline, the current understanding of the nature, identification, diagnosis, and treatment of stuttering and cluttering was summarized...
June 5, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654945/quantification-and-systematic-characterization-of-stuttering-like-disfluencies-in-acquired-apraxia-of-speech
#10
Dallin J Bailey, Michael Blomgren, Catharine DeLong, Kiera Berggren, Julie L Wambaugh
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to quantify and describe stuttering-like disfluencies in speakers with acquired apraxia of speech (AOS), utilizing the Lidcombe Behavioural Data Language (LBDL). Additional purposes include measuring test-retest reliability and examining the effect of speech sample type on disfluency rates. Method: Two types of speech samples were elicited from 20 persons with AOS and aphasia: repetition of mono- and multisyllabic words from a protocol for assessing AOS (Duffy, 2013), and connected speech tasks (Nicholas & Brookshire, 1993)...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648465/planum-temporale-asymmetry-in-people-who-stutter
#11
Patricia M Gough, Emily L Connally, Peter Howell, David Ward, Jennifer Chesters, Kate E Watkins
PURPOSE: Previous studies have reported that the planum temporale - a language-related structure that normally shows a leftward asymmetry - had reduced asymmetry in people who stutter (PWS) and reversed asymmetry in those with severe stuttering. These findings are consistent with the theory that altered language lateralization may be a cause or consequence of stuttering. Here, we re-examined these findings in a larger sample of PWS. METHODS: We evaluated planum temporale asymmetry in structural MRI scans obtained from 67 PWS and 63 age-matched controls using: 1) manual measurements of the surface area; 2) voxel-based morphometry to automatically calculate grey matter density...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642548/hemodynamics-of-speech-production-an-fnirs-investigation-of-children-who-stutter
#12
B Walsh, F Tian, J A Tourville, M A Yücel, T Kuczek, A J Bostian
Stuttering affects nearly 1% of the population worldwide and often has life-altering negative consequences, including poorer mental health and emotional well-being, and reduced educational and employment achievements. Over two decades of neuroimaging research reveals clear anatomical and physiological differences in the speech neural networks of adults who stutter. However, there have been few neurophysiological investigations of speech production in children who stutter. Using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), we examined hemodynamic responses over neural regions integral to fluent speech production including inferior frontal gyrus, premotor cortex, and superior temporal gyrus during a picture description task...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623827/changes-in-aquatic-microbial-responses-to-c-substrates-with-stream-water-and-sediment-quality-related-to-land-use-pressures
#13
Marc I Stutter, Jonathan Cains
The degradation of aquatic ecosystems by multiply-acting stressors is a key threat requiring new approaches to identify impairment processes and restoration targets. Heterotrophic respiration of C-substrates can be an integrative indicator of how aquatic ecosystems respond to pollution. We utilised sixteen C-substrates (simple metabolites to dissolved organic matter (DOM)) to characterise substrate induced respiration (SIR) for sediments from sixteen NE Scotland streams covering a range of land use-related pollution pressures...
June 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614847/using-network-science-measures-to-predict-the-lexical-decision-performance-of-adults-who-stutter
#14
Nichol Castro, Kristin M Pelczarski, Michael S Vitevitch
Purpose: Methods from network science have examined various aspects of language processing. Clinical populations may also benefit from these novel analyses. Phonological and lexical factors have been examined in adults who stutter (AWS) as potential contributing factors to stuttering, although differences reported are often subtle. We reexamined the performance of AWS and adults who do not stutter (AWNS) from a previously conducted lexical decision task in an attempt to determine if network science measures would provide additional insight into the phonological network of AWS beyond traditional psycholinguistic measures...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613038/investigation-of-the-str-loci-noise-distributions-of-powerseq%C3%A2-auto-system
#15
Xiangpei Zeng, Jonathan L King, Bruce Budowle
AIM: To characterize the noise and stutter distribution of 23 short tandem repeats (STRs) included in the PowerSeqTM Auto System. METHODS: Raw FASTQ files were analyzed using STRait Razor v2s to display alleles and coverage. The sequence noise was divided into several categories: noise at allele position, noise at -1 repeat position, and artifact. The average relative percentages of locus coverage for each noise, stutter, and allele were calculated from the samples used for this locus noise analysis...
June 14, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595893/altered-morphology-of-the-nucleus-accumbens-in-persistent-developmental-stuttering
#16
Nicole E Neef, Christoph Bütfering, Tibor Auer, F Luise Metzger, Harald A Euler, Jens Frahm, Walter Paulus, Martin Sommer
PURPOSE: Neuroimaging studies in persistent developmental stuttering repeatedly report altered basal ganglia functions. Together with thalamus and cerebellum, these structures mediate sensorimotor functions and thus represent a plausible link between stuttering and neuroanatomy. However, stuttering is a complex, multifactorial disorder. Besides sensorimotor functions, emotional and social-motivational factors constitute major aspects of the disorder. Here, we investigated cortical and subcortical gray matter regions to study whether persistent developmental stuttering is also linked to alterations of limbic structures...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588433/intragenic-cntnap2-deletions-a-bridge-too-far
#17
REVIEW
Martin Poot
Intragenic deletions of the contactin-associated protein-like 2 gene (CNTNAP2) have been found in patients with Gilles de la Tourette syndrome, intellectual disability (ID), obsessive compulsive disorder, cortical dysplasia-focal epilepsy syndrome, autism, schizophrenia, Pitt-Hopkins syndrome, stuttering, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. A variety of molecular mechanisms, such as loss of transcription factor binding sites and perturbation of penetrance and expressivity, have been proposed to account for the phenotypic variability resulting from CNTNAP2 mutations...
May 2017: Molecular Syndromology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577876/a-preliminary-study-on-the-neural-oscillatory-characteristics-of-motor-preparation-prior-to-dysfluent-and-fluent-utterances-in-adults-who-stutter
#18
Anna Mersov, Douglas Cheyne, Cecilia Jobst, Luc De Nil
PURPOSE: Recent literature on speech production in adults who stutter (AWS) has begun to investigate the neural mechanisms characterizing speech-motor preparation prior to speech onset. Compelling evidence has suggested that stuttering is associated with atypical processing within cortical and sub-cortical motor networks, particularly in the beta frequency range, that is effective before speech production even begins. Due to low stuttering frequency in experimental settings, however, the literature has so far predominantly reported on fluent speech production in AWS...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576293/the-relationship-between-the-experience-of-stuttering-and-demographic-characteristics-of-adults-who-stutter
#19
Debora Freud, Marina Kichin-Brin, Ruth Ezrati-Vinacour, Ilan Roziner, Ofer Amir
PURPOSE: This study aims to examine the association between adults' experience of stuttering and their age, gender and marital status, as well as to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Hebrew version of the OASES-A. METHODS: The Hebrew version of the OASES-A was administered to 91 adults-who-stutter. The validity of the translated version was evaluated using a subset of 43 participants, who also completed three additional instruments: (a) a Perceived Stuttering Severity (PSS) self-rating scale, (b) the Situation Avoidance Behavior Checklist (SABC), (c) the Students Life Satisfaction scale (SLSS)...
June 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576292/a-country-wide-probability-sample-of-public-attitudes-toward-stuttering-in-portugal
#20
Ana Rita S Valente, Kenneth O St Louis, Margaret Leahy, Andreia Hall, Luis M T Jesus
BACKGROUND: Negative public attitudes toward stuttering have been widely reported, although differences among countries and regions exist. Clear reasons for these differences remain obscure. PURPOSE: Published research is unavailable on public attitudes toward stuttering in Portugal as well as a representative sample that explores stuttering attitudes in an entire country. This study sought to (a) determine the feasibility of a country-wide probability sampling scheme to measure public stuttering attitudes in Portugal using a standard instrument (the Public Opinion Survey of Human Attributes-Stuttering [POSHA-S]) and (b) identify demographic variables that predict Portuguese attitudes...
June 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
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