keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Stuttering

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909867/developmental-validation-of-the-homygene19-14y-system
#1
Weian Du, Ling Chen, Hong Liu, Pingming Qiu, Fayuan Li, Jing Gao, Yu Zhou, Bangchao Wang, Chao Liu
The HomyGene19+14Y System (HG19+14Y) is a PCR-based amplification kit that enables typing of 18 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci (i.e., CSF1PO, D2S1338, D3S1358, D5S818, D6S1043, D7S820, D8S1179, D12S391, D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D19S433, D21S11, FGA, Penta E, TPOX, TH01, vWA), 14 widely used Y chromosome STR (Y-STR) loci (Y_GATA_H4, DYS385a/b, DYS389I/II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS438, DYS439, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635), and amelogenin. This multiplex system was designed for the simultaneous analysis of amelogenin-Y allele mutation, single-source searches, kinship (including familial searching), mixture profiles, international data sharing, and other forensic applications...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908200/development-of-an-internet-version-of-the-lidcombe-program-of-early-stuttering-intervention-a-trial-of-part-1
#2
Sabine Van Eerdenbrugh, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow, Sue O'brian, Ross Menzies
PURPOSE: There is evidence that access to treatment for early stuttering is not available for all who need it. An internet version of the Lidcombe Program for early stuttering (Internet-LP) has been developed to deal with this shortfall. The LP is suitable for such development because it is delivered by parents in the child's everyday environment, with training by a speech-language pathologist. A Phase I trial of Internet-LP Part 1, comprising parent training, is reported here. METHOD: Eight parents of pre-schoolers who stutter were recruited and six completed the trial...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907811/using-the-oases-a-to-illustrate-how-network-analysis-can-be-applied-to-understand-the-experience-of-stuttering
#3
Cynthia S Q Siew, Kristin M Pelczarski, J Scott Yaruss, Michael S Vitevitch
PURPOSE: Network science uses mathematical and computational techniques to examine how individual entities in a system, represented by nodes, interact, as represented by connections between nodes. This approach has been used by Cramer et al. (2010) to make "symptom networks" to examine various psychological disorders. In the present analysis we examined a network created from the items in the Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience of Stuttering-Adult (OASES-A), a commonly used measure for evaluating adverse impact in the lives of people who stutter...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893013/proton-chemical-shift-imaging-of-the-brain-in-pediatric-and-adult-developmental-stuttering
#4
Joseph O'Neill, Zhengchao Dong, Ravi Bansal, Iliyan Ivanov, Xuejun Hao, Jay Desai, Elena Pozzi, Bradley S Peterson
Importance: Developmental stuttering is a neuropsychiatric condition of incompletely understood brain origin. Our recent functional magnetic resonance imaging study indicates a possible partial basis of stuttering in circuits enacting self-regulation of motor activity, attention, and emotion. Objective: To further characterize the neurophysiology of stuttering through in vivo assay of neurometabolites in suspect brain regions. Design, Setting, and Participants: Proton chemical shift imaging of the brain was performed in a case-control study of children and adults with and without stuttering...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865231/long-term-consequences-of-childhood-bullying-in-adults-who-stutter-social-anxiety-fear-of-negative-evaluation-self-esteem-and-satisfaction-with-life
#5
Gordon W Blood, Ingrid M Blood
PURPOSE: Psychosocial disorders have been reported in adults who stutter, especially social anxiety disorder. Social anxiety has been linked to childhood victimization. It is possible that recalled childhood victimization could be linked to psychosocial problems reported in some adults who stutter. METHOD: Participants were 36 adults who stutter and 36 adults who do not stutter (mean age=21.9 years). The Retrospective Bullying Questionnaire was completed for primary school, secondary school and university environments for physical, verbal, relational and cyber bullying...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865230/impact-of-social-media-and-quality-life-of-people-who-stutter
#6
Akiko Fuse, Erika A Lanham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865229/a-comparison-of-three-strategies-for-reducing-the-public-stigma-associated-with-stuttering
#7
Michael P Boyle, Lauren Dioguardi, Julie E Pate
PURPOSE: The effects of three anti-stigma strategies for stuttering-contact (hearing personal stories from an individual who stutters), education (replacing myths about stuttering with facts), and protest (condemning negative attitudes toward people who stutter)-were examined on attitudes, emotions, and behavioral intentions toward people who stutter. METHOD: Two hundred and twelve adults recruited from a nationwide survey in the United States were randomly assigned to one of the three anti-stigma conditions or a control condition...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865228/specific-subtype-of-fluency-disorder-affecting-french-speaking-children-a-phonological-analysis
#8
Nadia Brejon Teitler, Sandrine Ferré, Clémentine Dailly
PURPOSE: Clinicians working with fluency disorders sometimes see children whose word repetitions are mostly located at the end of words and do not induce physical tension. Prior studies on the topic have proposed several names for these disfluencies including "end word repetitions", "final sound repetitions" and "atypical disfluency". The purpose of this study was to use phonological analysis to explore the patterns of this poorly recognized fluency disorder in order to better understand its specific speech characteristics...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865227/behavioural-emotional-and-social-development-of-children-who-stutter
#9
Jan McAllister
PURPOSE: Developmental stuttering may be associated with diminished psychological well-being which has been documented from late childhood onwards. It is important to establish the point at which behavioural, emotional and social problems emerge in children who stutter. METHODS: The study used data from the Millennium Cohort Study, whose initial cohort comprised 18,818 children. Analysis involved data collected when the cohort members were 3, 5 and 11 years old...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865226/an-investigation-of-the-effects-of-a-speech-restructuring-treatment-for-stuttering-on-the-distribution-of-intervals-of-phonation
#10
Lisa Brown, Linda Wilson, Ann Packman, Mark Halaki, Mark Onslow, Ross Menzies
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether stuttering reductions following the instatement phase of a speech-restructuring treatment for adults were accompanied by reductions in the frequency of short intervals of phonation (PIs). The study was prompted by the possibility that reductions in the frequency of short PIs is the mechanism underlying such reductions in stuttering. METHOD: The distribution of PIs was determined for seven adults who stutter, before and immediately after the intensive phase of a speech-restructuring treatment program...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865225/reactions-of-protective-service-workers-towards-people-who-stutter
#11
Jian Li, Hayley S Arnold, Ann Beste-Guldborg
PURPOSE: This study sought to assess whether protective service workers differ from people in non-protective services occupations in their intended reactions towards people who stutter (PWS). METHODS: Analyses were based on questionnaire responses regarding intended reactions toward PWS from 171 protective services workers and 2595 non-protective services workers in the United States. A propensity score matching procedure was used to identify a comparison group of non-protective services workers for the protective services workers...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847687/stuttering-lacunar-infarction-captured-on-serial-mris
#12
Pouya Tahsili-Fahadan, Alexis N Simpkins, Richard Leigh, José G Merino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843470/childhood-neurogenic-stuttering-due-to-bilateral-congenital-abnormality-in-globus-pallidus-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Mohammad Javad Saeedi, Ebrahim Esfandiary, Mostafa Almasi Dooghaee
Objective The basal ganglia are a group of structures that act as a cohesive functional unit. They are situated at the base of the forebrain and are strongly connected with the cerebral cortex and thalamus. Some speech disorders such as stuttering can resulted from disturbances in the circuits between the basal ganglia and the language motor area of the cerebral cortex. Stuttering consists of blocks, repetitive, prolongation or cessation of speech. We present a 7.5 -year-old male child with bilateral basal ganglia lesion in globus pallidus with unclear reason...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833009/anomaly-in-neural-phase-coherence-accompanies-reduced-sensorimotor-integration-in-adults-who-stutter
#14
Ranit Sengupta, Shalin Shah, Katie Gore, Torrey Loucks, Sazzad M Nasir
Despite advances in our understanding of the human speech system, the neurophysiological basis of stuttering remains largely unknown. Here, it is hypothesized that the speech of adults who stutter (AWS) is susceptible to disruptions in sensorimotor integration caused by neural miscommunication within the speech motor system. Human speech unfolds over rapid timescales and relies on a distributed system of brain regions working in a parallel and synchronized manner, and a breakdown in neural communication between the putative brain regions could increase susceptibility to dysfluency...
November 8, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829722/cerebral-hyperperfusion-syndrome-after-intracranial-stenting-of-the-middle-cerebral-artery
#15
Boby Varkey Maramattom
Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) is a rare complication following cerebral revascularization. It presents with ipsilateral headache, seizures, and intracerebral hemorrhage. It has mostly been described following extracranial carotid endarterectomy and stenting and it is very unusual after intracranial stenting. A 71-year-old man with a stuttering stroke was taken up for a cerebral angiogram (digital subtraction angiography), which showed a dissection of the distal left middle cerebral artery. This was recanalized with a solitaire AB stent...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825021/abnormal-auditory-synchronization-in-stuttering-a-magnetoencephalographic-study
#16
Yoshikazu Kikuchi, Tsuyoshi Okamoto, Katsuya Ogata, Koichi Hagiwara, Toshiro Umezaki, Masamutsu Kenjo, Takashi Nakagawa, Shozo Tobimatsu
In a previous magnetoencephalographic study, we showed both functional and structural reorganization of the right auditory cortex and impaired left auditory cortex function in people who stutter (PWS). In the present work, we reevaluated the same dataset to further investigate how the right and left auditory cortices interact to compensate for stuttering. We evaluated bilateral N100m latencies as well as indices of local and inter-hemispheric phase synchronization of the auditory cortices. The left N100m latency was significantly prolonged relative to the right N100m latency in PWS, while healthy control participants did not show any inter-hemispheric differences in latency...
November 5, 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812529/typing-method-for-the-qub11a-locus-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-is6110-insertions-and-tandem-repeat-analysis
#17
Eriko Maeda-Mitani, Koichi Murakami, Akira Oishi, Yoshiki Etoh, Nobuyuki Sera, Shuji Fujimoto
QUB11a is used as a locus for variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing lineage. However, amplification of QUB11a occasionally produces large fragments (>1,400 bp) that are not easily measured by capillary electrophoresis because of a lack of the typical stutter peak patterns that are used for counting repeat numbers. IS6110 insertion may complicate VNTR analysis of large QUB11a fragments in M. tuberculosis. We established a method for determining both tandem repeat numbers and IS6110 insertion in the QUB11a locus of M...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810647/investigating-the-feasibility-of-using-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-to-enhance-fluency-in-people-who-stutter
#18
Jennifer Chesters, Kate E Watkins, Riikka Möttönen
Developmental stuttering is a disorder of speech fluency affecting 1% of the adult population. Long-term reductions in stuttering are difficult for adults to achieve with behavioural therapies. We investigated whether a single session of transcranial direct current stimulation (TDCS) could improve fluency in people who stutter (PWS). In separate sessions, either anodal TDCS (1mA for 20min) or sham stimulation was applied over the left inferior frontal cortex while PWS read sentences aloud. Fluency was induced during the stimulation period by using choral speech, that is, participants read in unison with another speaker...
October 31, 2016: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798277/waiting-time-to-infectious-disease-emergence
#19
Christopher J Dibble, Eamon B O'Dea, Andrew W Park, John M Drake
Emerging diseases must make a transition from stuttering chains of transmission to sustained chains of transmission, but this critical transition need not coincide with the system becoming supercritical. That is, the introduction of infection to a supercritical system results in a significant fraction of the population becoming infected only with a certain probability. Understanding the waiting time to the first major outbreak of an emerging disease is then more complicated than determining when the system becomes supercritical...
October 2016: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796099/primary-school-teachers-opinions-and-attitudes-towards-stuttering-in-two-south-african-urban-education-districts
#20
Kristen Abrahams, Michal Harty, Kenneth O St Louis, Lehana Thabane, Harsha Kathard
BACKGROUND: As teachers form an important part of the intervention process with childrenwho stutter in primary school, the primary aim was to describe primary school teachers'attitudes in South Africa. The secondary aim was to compare teachers' attitudes towardsstuttering in South Africa with those from a pooled group of respondents in the Public OpinionSurvey of Human Attributes-Stuttering (POSHA-S) database from different countries collectedin 2009-2014. METHOD: A quantitative, cross-sectional survey research design was used...
July 27, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
keyword
keyword
12883
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"