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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323402/neurogenic-stuttering-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
C Cruz, H Amorim, G Beca, R Nunes
INTRODUCTION: Neurogenic stuttering is a disorder of neurologic origin in the rhythm of speech during which the patient knows exactly what he wants to say but is unable to because of an involuntary prolongation, cessation or repetition of a sound. AIM: To assemble new insights regarding the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of neurogenic stuttering. DEVELOPMENT: A review of all PubMed and Scopus published articles between January 2000 and September 2016 was performed...
January 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322186/stuttering-in-preschool-children-direct-versus-indirect-treatment
#2
Marilyn A Nippold
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to discuss the controversial topic of stuttering in preschool children and how to evaluate the options for treatment, emphasizing the role of external research evidence. Method: A hypothetical but realistic case study of a 3-year-old boy who stutters is described. Two contrasting approaches to treatment are presented, the Lidcombe Program (LP) and the demands and capacities model (DCM). Studies published in peer-reviewed research journals that have examined the effectiveness of each approach are summarized and critiqued...
January 9, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322185/selecting-treatments-and-monitoring-outcomes-the-circle-of-evidence-based-practice-and-client-centered-care-in-treating-a-preschool-child-who-stutters
#3
Nan Bernstein Ratner
Purpose: The purpose of the present clinical forum is to compare how 2 clinicians might select among therapy options for a preschool-aged child who presents with stuttering close to onset. Method: I discuss approaches to full evaluation of the child's profile, advisement of evidence-based practice options open to the family, the need for monitoring of the child's response, and selection of other approaches, if the child appears nonresponsive to the 1st-line approach...
January 9, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322184/comprehensive-stuttering-treatment-for-adolescents-a-case-study
#4
Craig E Coleman
Purpose: This article will focus on a hypothetical case study to highlight comprehensive assessment and treatment for adolescent children who stutter. Method: Assessment and treatment are laid out with a literature review utilizing the components of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health model. Specific assessment and treatment strategies and approaches are discussed. Results: Using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health model can help guide clinicians through the assessment and treatment process to ensure that all areas of stuttering are considered...
January 9, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322182/evidence-goals-and-outcomes-in-stuttering-treatment-applications-with-an-adolescent-who-stutters
#5
Anne K Marcotte
Purpose: The purpose of this clinical focus article is to summarize 1 possible process that a clinician might follow in designing and conducting a treatment program with John, a 14-year-old male individual who stutters. Method: The available research evidence, practitioner experience, and consideration of individual preferences are combined to address goals, treatment procedures, and outcomes for John. Conclusions: The stuttering treatment research literature includes multiple well-designed reviews and individual studies that have shown the effectiveness of prolonged speech (and smooth speech and related variations) for improving stuttered speech and for improving social, emotional, cognitive, and related variables in adolescents who stutter...
January 9, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322181/best-practice-for-developmental-stuttering-balancing-evidence-and-expertise
#6
Courtney T Byrd, Joseph Donaher
Best practice for developmental stuttering remains a topic of debate. In the clinical forum following this introduction, four fluency experts balance the evidence and expertise to describe their approach to assessment and treatment.
January 9, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309858/white-matter-tractography-of-the-neural-network-for-speech-motor-control-in-children-who-stutter
#7
Ehsan Misaghi, Zhaoran Zhang, Vincent L Gracco, Luc F De Nil, Deryk S Beal
Stuttering is a neurodevelopmental speech disorder with a phenotype characterized by speech sound repetitions, prolongations and silent blocks during speech production. Developmental stuttering affects 1% of the population and 5% of children. Neuroanatomical abnormalities in the major white matter tracts, including the arcuate fasciculus, corpus callosum, corticospinal, and frontal aslant tracts (FAT), are associated with the disorder in adults who stutter (AWS) but are less well studied in children who stutter (CWS)...
January 5, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299745/an-evaluation-of-g-protein-coupled-membrane-estrogen-receptor-1-level-in-stuttering
#8
Nagihan Bilal, Ergül Belge Kurutas, Israfil Orhan
OBJECTIVE: Stuttering is a widespread but little understood disease. There has been a recent increase in neuropathophysiological, genetic, and biochemical studies related to the etiopathogenesis. As developmental stuttering continues in adult males, hormonal factors are thought to have an effect. In this study, an evaluation was made for the first time of serum GPER-1 level in patients with a stutter. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 30 patients with a stutter, aged < 18 years, and 35 age-matched children as the control group...
January 3, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289611/variants-in-gnptab-gnptg-and-nagpa-genes-are-associated-with-stutterers
#9
Nima Kazemi, Mehrdad Asghari Estiar, Hassan Fazilaty, Ebrahim Sakhinia
Non-syndromic stuttering is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by disruptions in normal flow of speech in the form of repetition, prolongation and involuntary halts. Previously, mutations with more severe effects on GNPTAB and GNPTG have been reported to cause Mucolipidosisll (ML-ll) and Mucolipidosislll (ML-lll), two lysosomal storage disorders with multiple pathologies. We used homozygosity mapping and Sanger sequencing to investigate variants of the three gene in 25 Iranian families with at least two first degree related non-syndromic stutterers...
December 28, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280401/spectral-coefficient-analyses-of-word-initial-stop-consonant-productions-suggest-similar-anticipatory-coarticulation-for-stuttering-and-nonstuttering-adults
#10
Santosh Maruthy, Yongqiang Feng, Ludo Max
A longstanding hypothesis about the sensorimotor mechanisms underlying stuttering suggests that stuttered speech dysfluencies result from a lack of coarticulation. Formant-based measures of either the stuttered or fluent speech of children and adults who stutter have generally failed to obtain compelling evidence in support of the hypothesis that these individuals differ in the timing or degree of coarticulation. Here, we used a sensitive acoustic technique-spectral coefficient analyses-that allowed us to compare stuttering and nonstuttering speakers with regard to vowel-dependent anticipatory influences as early as the onset burst of a preceding voiceless stop consonant...
March 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258296/erratum-observation-of-the-hyperfine-spectrum-of-antihydrogen
#11
M Ahmadi, B X R Alves, C J Baker, W Bertsche, E Butler, A Capra, C Carruth, C L Cesar, M Charlton, S Cohen, R Collister, S Eriksson, A Evans, N Evetts, J Fajans, T Friesen, M C Fujiwara, D R Gill, A Gutierrez, J S Hangst, W N Hardy, M E Hayden, C A Isaac, A Ishida, M A Johnson, S A Jones, S Jonsell, L Kurchaninov, N Madsen, M Mathers, D Maxwell, J T K McKenna, S Menary, J M Michan, T Momose, J J Munich, P Nolan, K Olchanski, A Olin, P Pusa, C Ø Rasmussen, F Robicheaux, R L Sacramento, M Sameed, E Sarid, D M Silveira, S Stracka, G Stutter, C So, T D Tharp, J E Thompson, R I Thompson, D P van der Werf, J S Wurtele
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/nature23446.
December 20, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236907/effect-of-delayed-auditory-feedback-on-stuttering-with-and-without-central-auditory-processing-disorders
#12
Luana Altran Picoloto, Ana Cláudia Vieira Cardoso, Amanda Venuti Cerqueira, Cristiane Moço Canhetti de Oliveira
PURPOSE: To verify the effect of delayed auditory feedback on speech fluency of individuals who stutter with and without central auditory processing disorders. METHODS: The participants were twenty individuals with stuttering from 7 to 17 years old and were divided into two groups: Stuttering Group with Auditory Processing Disorders (SGAPD): 10 individuals with central auditory processing disorders, and Stuttering Group (SG): 10 individuals without central auditory processing disorders...
December 7, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231792/patient-selection-for-mechanical-thrombectomy-in-posterior-circulation-emergent-large-vessel-occlusion
#13
Scott Raymond, Natalia Sana Rost, Pamela Whitney Schaefer, Thabele Leslie-Mazwi, Joshua A Hirsch, Ramon Gilberto Gonzalez, James Rabinov
Triage of posterior circulation stroke from emergent large-vessel occlusion (pc-ELVO) is challenging owing to the stuttering clinical course and potential for rapid decline. Growing clinical data support the use of mechanical thrombectomy in pc-ELVO, but there are limited data addressing the clinical and imaging criteria for patient selection. We present our triage algorithm used to select patients for endovascular therapy (EVT) in the setting of pc-ELVOS. We use a consecutive retrospective database from 2004 to 2016 to describe the practice patterns and prognostic factors for pc-ELVO patients treated using both medical and EVT...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228195/structural-connectivity-of-right-frontal-hyperactive-areas-scales-with-stuttering-severity
#14
Nicole E Neef, Alfred Anwander, Christoph Bütfering, Carsten Schmidt-Samoa, Angela D Friederici, Walter Paulus, Martin Sommer
A neuronal sign of persistent developmental stuttering is the magnified coactivation of right frontal brain regions during speech production. Whether and how stuttering severity relates to the connection strength of these hyperactive right frontal areas to other brain areas is an open question. Scrutinizing such brain-behaviour and structure-function relationships aims at disentangling suspected underlying neuronal mechanisms of stuttering. Here, we acquired diffusion-weighted and functional images from 31 adults who stutter and 34 matched control participants...
December 8, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225339/early-speech-development-in-koolen-de-vries-syndrome-limited-by-oral-praxis-and-hypotonia
#15
Angela T Morgan, Leenke van Haaften, Karen van Hulst, Carol Edley, Cristina Mei, Tiong Yang Tan, David Amor, Simon E Fisher, David A Koolen
Communication disorder is common in Koolen de Vries syndrome (KdVS), yet its specific symptomatology has not been examined, limiting prognostic counselling and application of targeted therapies. Here we examine the communication phenotype associated with KdVS. Twenty-nine participants (12 males, 4 with KANSL1 variants, 25 with 17q21.31 microdeletion), aged 1.0-27.0 years were assessed for oral-motor, speech, language, literacy, and social functioning. Early history included hypotonia and feeding difficulties...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223687/effect-of-control-samples-and-listener-attributes-on-speech-naturalness-ratings-of-people-who-stutter
#16
Brenda Carey, Shane Erickson, Susan Block
PURPOSE: Speech restructuring treatment can effectively reduce stuttering but the resultant speech may sound unnatural. Martin et al. (1984) speech naturalness scale is widely used by clinicians and researchers, yet little is known about whether including normally fluent speech samples alters the judgement of the naturalness of speech samples of people who stutter, and whether attributes of listeners - specifically training and sex - influence ratings. METHODS: In this study 20 untrained listeners (male and female) and 19 speech language pathology students (female only) rated either the naturalness of 21 speech samples from adults who stutter obtained post-treatment, or the same 21 post-treatment samples randomly mixed with samples of 21 samples from normally fluent speakers matched for age and sex...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223492/young-children-s-family-history-of-stuttering-and-their-articulation-language-and-attentional-abilities-an-exploratory-study
#17
Dahye Choi, Edward G Conture, Victoria Tumanova, Chagit E Clark, Tedra A Walden, Robin M Jones
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether young children who do (CWS) and do not stutter (CWNS) with a positive versus negative family history of stuttering differ in articulation, language and attentional abilities and family histories of articulation, language and attention related disorders. METHOD: Participants were 25 young CWS and 50 young CWNS. All 75 participants' caregivers consistently reported a positive or negative family history of stuttering across three consecutive time points that were about 8 months apart for a total of approximately 16 months...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195626/effects-of-emotion-on-the-acoustic-parameters-in-adults-who-stutter-an-exploratory-study
#18
Kim R Bauerly, Jessica Paxton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195625/the-experience-of-stuttering-among-ultra-orthodox-and-secular-traditional-jews
#19
Debora Freud, Ruth Ezrati-Vinacour, Nitza Katz-Bernstein, Leah Fostick
PURPOSE: This groundbreaking research compares the experience of stuttering among adult male People Who Stutter (PWS) from the ultra-Orthodox (UO) Jewish community in Israel to those from Secular/Traditional (ST) backgrounds. METHODS: Participants were 32 UO and 31 ST PWS, aged 18-67 years. Self-report questionnaires utilized: Perceived Stuttering Severity (PSS); Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience of Stuttering (OASES-A); Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (SLSS); Situation Avoidance Behavior Checklist (SABC)...
December 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195624/self-efficacy-and-quality-of-life-in-adults-who-stutter
#20
Alice Carter, Lauren Breen, J Scott Yaruss, Janet Beilby
PURPOSE: Self-efficacy has emerged as a potential predictor of quality of life for adults who stutter. Research has focused primarily on the positive relationship self-efficacy has to treatment outcomes, but little is known about the relationship between self-efficacy and quality of life for adults who stutter. The purpose of this mixed- methods study is to determine the predictive value of self-efficacy and its relationship to quality of life for adults who stutter. METHOD: The Self-Efficacy Scale for Adult Stutterers and the Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience with Stuttering were administered to 39 adults who stutter, aged 18- 77...
December 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
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