keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Speech therapy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039704/beat-the-fear-of-public-speaking-mobile-360%C3%A2-video-virtual-reality-exposure-training-in-home-environment-reduces-public-speaking-anxiety
#1
Snežana Stupar-Rutenfrans, Loes E H Ketelaars, Marnix S van Gisbergen
With this article, we aim to increase our understanding of how mobile virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) can help reduce speaking anxiety. Using the results of a longitudinal study, we examined the effect of a new VRET strategy (Public Speech Trainer, PST), that incorporates 360° live recorded VR environments, on the reduction of public speaking anxiety. The PST was developed as a 360° smartphone application for a VR head-mounted device that participants could use at home. Realistic anxiety experiences were created by means of live 360° video recordings of a lecture hall containing three training sessions based on graded exposure framework; empty classroom (a) and with a small (b) and large audience (c)...
October 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038719/phenomenological-needs-assessment-of-parents-of-children-with-cochlear-implants
#2
Firoozeh Mostafavi, Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Hazavehei, Mohammad Majid Oryadi-Zanjani, Gholamreza Sharifi Rad, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Leila Ravanyar
BACKGROUND: The use of cochlear implants has been a remarkable success in reducing disabilities in those with impaired hearing, which have made a significant change in the patients' quality of life. Only by relying on cochlear implants, disabilities cannot be eliminated in the hearing impaired, and, alongside this intervention, rehabilitation practices such as through family and community support are necessary. AIM: To explain the needs of parents of children with cochlear implants to increase the quality of rehabilitation services and family-based interventions...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035068/effects-of-animal-assisted-therapy-on-concentration-and-attention-span-in-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Vanya Gocheva, Margret Hund-Georgiadis, Karin Hediger
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported that brain-injured patients frequently suffer from cognitive impairments such as attention and concentration deficits. Numerous rehabilitation clinics offer animal-assisted therapy (AAT) to address these difficulties. The authors' aim was to investigate the immediate effects of AAT on the concentration and attention span of brain-injured patients. METHOD: Nineteen patients with acquired brain injury were included in a randomized, controlled, within-subject trial...
October 16, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034828/professional-expertise-amongst-speech-language-therapists-willing-to-share
#4
Bianca N Jackson, Suzanne Carolyn Purdy, Helena Cooper-Thomas
Purpose The current healthcare environment provides several challenges to the existing roles of healthcare professionals. The value of the professional expert is also under scrutiny. The purpose of this paper is to generate a construction of professional expertise amongst practitioners in the current healthcare environment. It used the speech-language therapy community in New Zealand (NZ) as an example. Design/methodology/approach Speech-language therapists currently practicing in NZ completed an online survey including qualitative and quantitative components...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034701/urological-issues-following-gender-reassignment-surgery
#5
Iffy Middleton, Fiona Ann Holden
It has been estimated that 0.2% of the UK population identifies as transgender. For those who seek gender reassignment, the pathway can involve the expertise of multiple disciplines, including primary care, psychology, endocrinology and speech and language therapy. A small but significant number of the transgender population will also elect to undergo gender-affirming genital surgery in order to achieve gender congruence. In the UK, very few specialist centres provide genital gender-affirming surgery for trans-men and women...
October 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031791/biofeedback-in-dysphonia-progress-and-challenges
#6
Geová Oliveira de Amorim, Patrícia Maria Mendes Balata, Laís Guimarães Vieira, Thaís Moura, Hilton Justino da Silva
INTRODUCTION: There is evidence that all the complex machinery involved in speech acts along with the auditory system, and their adjustments can be altered. OBJECTIVE: To present the evidence of biofeedback application for treatment of vocal disorders, emphasizing the muscle tension dysphonia. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in Scielo, Lilacs, PubMed and Web of Sciences databases, using the combination of descriptors, and admitting as inclusion criteria: articles published in journals with editorial committee, reporting cases or experimental or quasi-experimental research on the use of biofeedback in real time as additional source of treatment monitoring of muscle tension dysphonia or for vocal training...
August 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027815/l-carnosine-as-an-adjunctive-therapy-to-risperidone-in-children-with-autistic-disorder-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#7
Reihaneh Hajizadeh-Zaker, Alireza Ghajar, Bita Mesgarpour, Mohsen Afarideh, Mohammad-Reza Mohammadi, Shahin Akhondzadeh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at investigating the efficacy and tolerability of l-carnosine as an add-on to risperidone in the management of children with autism. METHODS: This was a 10-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Seventy drug-free children aged 4-12 years old with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition. (DSM-5) who had an Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Community (ABC-C) scale irritability subscale score of ≥12, entered the study...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026377/developmental-screening-predictors-of-follow-up-adherence-in-primary-health-care
#8
Joanné Christine Schoeman, De Wet Swanepoel, Jeannie van der Linde
BACKGROUND: The importance of early identification for infants and young children with developmental delays is well established. Poor follow-up on referrals, however, undermines the effectiveness of early intervention programmes. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors, including text message reminders, that influence follow-up adherence for early intervention after developmental screening in primary health care. A secondary objective surveyed reasons for follow-up default...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018498/cortical-auditory-evoked-potentials-with-simple-tone-burst-and-complex-speech-stimuli-in-children-with-cochlear-implant
#9
Kelly Vasconcelos Chaves Martins, Daniela Gil
Introduction  The registry of the component P1 of the cortical auditory evoked potential has been widely used to analyze the behavior of auditory pathways in response to cochlear implant stimulation. Objective  To determine the influence of aural rehabilitation in the parameters of latency and amplitude of the P1 cortical auditory evoked potential component elicited by simple auditory stimuli (tone burst) and complex stimuli (speech) in children with cochlear implants. Method  The study included six individuals of both genders aged 5 to 10 years old who have been cochlear implant users for at least 12 months, and who attended auditory rehabilitation with an aural rehabilitation therapy approach...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983441/high-value-care-in-the-evaluation-of-stroke
#10
Prakrity Urja, Eric H Nippoldt, Virginia Barak, Carrie Valenta
Value-based care emphasizes achieving the greatest overall health benefit for every dollar spent. We present an interesting case of stroke, which made us consider how frequently health care providers are utilizing value-based care. A 73-year-old Caucasian, who was initially admitted for a hypertensive emergency, was transferred to our facility for worsening slurring of speech and left-sided weakness. The patient had an extensive chronic cerebrovascular disease, including multiple embolic type strokes, mainly in the distribution of the right temporal-occipital cerebral artery and transient ischemic attacks (TIAs)...
August 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980624/amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#11
REVIEW
Orla Hardiman, Ammar Al-Chalabi, Adriano Chio, Emma M Corr, Giancarlo Logroscino, Wim Robberecht, Pamela J Shaw, Zachary Simmons, Leonard H van den Berg
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neuron disease, is characterized by the degeneration of both upper and lower motor neurons, which leads to muscle weakness and eventual paralysis. Until recently, ALS was classified primarily within the neuromuscular domain, although new imaging and neuropathological data have indicated the involvement of the non-motor neuraxis in disease pathology. In most patients, the mechanisms underlying the development of ALS are poorly understood, although a subset of patients have familial disease and harbour mutations in genes that have various roles in neuronal function...
October 5, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979165/validation-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-diagnoses-recorded-in-the-clinical-practice-research-datalink-1990-2014
#12
Katrina Wilcox Hagberg, Susan S Jick
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have reported that the validity of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnoses recorded in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) was high; however, diagnostic criteria and screening practices have changed since the last study was published in 2004. OBJECTIVES: 1) To calculate the positive predictive value (PPV) of ASD diagnoses recorded in the CPRD compared to original medical records and 2) to describe characteristics of cases and use of clinical codes that support the ASD diagnosis as recorded in the electronic data by general practitioners over time...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965097/does-laryngeal-reinnervation-or-type-i-thyroplasty-give-better-voice-results-for-patients-with-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-vocalist-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Helen Blackshaw, Paul Carding, Marcus Jepson, Marina Mat Baki, Gareth Ambler, Anne Schilder, Stephen Morris, Aneeka Degun, Rosamund Yu, Samantha Husbands, Helen Knowles, Chloe Walton, Yakubu Karagama, Kate Heathcote, Martin Birchall
INTRODUCTION: A functioning voice is essential for normal human communication. A good voice requires two moving vocal folds; if one fold is paralysed (unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP)) people suffer from a breathy, weak voice that tires easily and is unable to function normally. UVFP can also result in choking and breathlessness. Current treatment for adults with UVFP is speech therapy to stimulate recovery of vocal fold (VF) motion or function and/or injection of the paralysed VF with a material to move it into a more favourable position for the functioning VF to close against...
September 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963116/phelan-mcdermid-syndrome-due-to-shank3-mutation-in-an-intellectually-disabled-adult-male-successful-treatment-with-lithium
#14
Jos I M Egger, Willem M A Verhoeven, Renske Groenendijk-Reijenga, Sarina G Kant
For 30 years, Phelan and co-workers described a syndrome characterised by neonatal hypotonia, global developmental delay, strongly impaired speech, sleep disturbances and hyperreactivity to sensory stimuli. This Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS), also presenting with symptoms from the autism spectrum and a higher risk of developing seizure disorders, may be caused by a deletion of chromosome 22q13 or by a mutation in the SHANK3 gene. Its core psychopathological phenotype comprises symptoms from the bipolar spectrum for which generally treatment with a mood-stabilising anticonvulsant in combination with an atypical antipsychotic seems to be most effective...
September 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960583/communication-of-healthcare-professionals-is-there-ageism
#15
S Schroyen, S Adam, M Marquet, G Jerusalem, S Thiel, A-L Giraudet, P Missotten
Elderspeak is often used when talking to older individuals and is characterised by a slower and/or louder speech, a patronising tone, etc. A part of the reason of such communication can be found in the actual context of negative view of ageing. However, the link between view of ageing and elderspeak has never been objectively studied in oncology. Therefore, 40 healthcare professionals (physicians and medical students) record a podcast where they have to explain an endocrine therapy to two fictional patients (40- vs...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958627/assisted-and-unassisted-recession-of-functional-anomalies-associated-with-dysprosody-in-adults-who-stutter
#16
Katrin Neumann, Harald A Euler, Malte Kob, Alexander Wolff von Gudenberg, Anne-Lise Giraud, Tobias Weissgerber, Christian A Kell
PURPOSE: Speech in persons who stutter (PWS) is associated with disturbed prosody (speech melody and intonation), which may impact communication. The neural correlates of PWS' altered prosody during speaking are not known, neither is how a speech-restructuring therapy affects prosody at both a behavioral and a cerebral level. METHODS: In this fMRI study, we explored group differences in brain activation associated with the production of different kinds of prosody in 13 male adults who stutter (AWS) before, directly after, and at least 1 year after an effective intensive fluency-shaping treatment, in 13 typically fluent-speaking control participants (CP), and in 13 males who had spontaneously recovered from stuttering during adulthood (RAWS), while sentences were read aloud with 'neutral', instructed emotional (happy), and linguistically driven (questioning) prosody...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956643/recovery-of-an-injured-prefronto-caudate-tract-in-a-patient-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-diffusion-tensor-tractography-study
#17
Sung Ho Jang, Seong Ho Kim, Han Do Lee
OBJECTIVES: We report on a patient with improvement of akinetic mutism (AM), who showed recovery of an injured prefronto-caudate tract following traumatic brain injury (TBI), which was demonstrated by follow-up diffusion tensor tractographies (DTTs). CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old female had suffered from head trauma resulting from falling down the stairs. She was diagnosed as subdural hematoma on the right frontal lobe and subarachnoid haemorrhage. At 5 weeks after head trauma, when starting rehabilitation, she showed no spontaneous movement or speech...
September 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953731/impact-of-a-cleft-and-craniofacial-center-on-an-academic-health-system
#18
Navid Pourtaheri, Aaron Kearney, Derrick C Wan, Gregory Lakin
BACKGROUND: The contributions of all physician specialties and ancillary services involved in cleft and craniofacial center care must be evaluated to fairly assess the financial impact of a cleft and craniofacial center. The authors hypothesized that the cleft and craniofacial center generates profitable downstream productivity for the academic health system. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of all patients who presented to a cleft and craniofacial center in the first quarter of 2011...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951071/insight-into-the-phenotype-of-infants-with-pompe-disease-identified-by-newborn-screening-with-the-common-c-32-13t-g-late-onset-gaa-variant
#19
Mugdha V Rairikar, Laura E Case, Lauren A Bailey, Zoheb B Kazi, Ankit K Desai, Kathryn L Berrier, Julie Coats, Rachel Gandy, Rebecca Quinones, Priya S Kishnani
OBJECTIVE: Newborn screening (NBS) has led to early diagnosis and early initiation of treatment for infantile onset Pompe Disease (IOPD). However, guidelines for management of late onset Pompe disease (LOPD) via NBS, especially with the IVS c.-32-13T>G are not clear. This IVS variant is noted in 68-90% cases with LOPD and has been presumed to result in "adult" disease in compound heterozygosity, with a few cases with earlier onset and a mild to no phenotype in homozygosity. Our study evaluates newborns with LOPD having IVS variant with a diligent multidisciplinary approach to determine if they have an early presentation...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947881/post-glossectomy-in-lingual-carcinomas-a-scope-for-sign-language-in-rehabilitation
#20
REVIEW
Arvind Babu Rajendra Santosh, Keren Cumberbatch, Thaon Jones
The treatment option for cancers of the tongue is glossectomy, which may be partial, sub-total, or total, depending on the size of the tumour. Glossectomies result in speech deficits for these patients, and rehabilitative therapy involving communication modalities is highly recommended. Sign language is a possible therapeutic solution for post-glossectomy oral cancer patients. Patients with tongue cancers who have undergone total glossectomy as a surgical treatment can utilise sign language to replace their loss of speech production and maintain their engagement in life...
2017: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
keyword
keyword
12882
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"