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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456870/a-psychosocial-intervention-for-the-management-of-functional-dysphonia-complex-intervention-development-and-pilot-randomised-trial
#1
Vincent Deary, Elaine McColl, Paul Carding, Tracy Miller, Janet Wilson
Background: Medically unexplained loss or alteration of voice-functional dysphonia-is the commonest presentation to speech and language therapists (SLTs). Besides the impact on personal and work life, functional dysphonia is also associated with increased levels of anxiety and depression and poor general health. Voice therapy delivered by SLTs improves voice but not these associated symptoms. The aims of this research were the systematic development of a complex intervention to improve the treatment of functional dysphonia, and the trialling of this intervention for feasibility and acceptability to SLTs and patients in a randomised pilot study...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455946/abstract-semantics-in-the-motor-system-an-event-related-fmri-study-on-passive-reading-of-semantic-word-categories-carrying-abstract-emotional-and-mental-meaning
#2
Felix R Dreyer, Friedemann Pulvermüller
Previous research showed that modality-preferential sensorimotor areas are relevant for processing concrete words used to speak about actions. However, whether modality-preferential areas also play a role for abstract words is still under debate. Whereas recent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies suggest an involvement of motor cortex in processing the meaning of abstract emotion words as, for example, 'love', other non-emotional abstract words, in particular 'mental words', such as 'thought' or 'logic', are believed to engage 'amodal' semantic systems only...
November 2, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455904/hypoglossal-nerve-paralysis-in-a-child-after-a-dental-procedure
#3
Simona D Marino, Laura Schiavone, Flavia M C La Mendola, Tiziana Timpanaro, Maria Elena Cucuzza, Filippo Greco, Pierluigi Smilari, Agata Fiumara, Andrea Domenico Praticò
Unilateral palsy of the hypoglossal nerve is a rare complication of orthodontic procedures. The main reported causes of HNP are: orthopedic and otorhinolaryngology surgical interventions, and in particular maneuvers involving compression or overstretching of the hypoglossal nerve, dental procedures and traumas, and also infections, motoneuron disorders, tumors, vascular diseases. Diagnosis is usually performed by electrophysiology studies (EMG-VCN), and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is useful to exclude other causes...
February 6, 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454176/efficacy-of-intensive-voice-feminisation-therapy-in-a-transgender-young-offender
#4
Sterling Quinn, Nathaniel Swain
Research suggests that transgender young offenders are a uniquely vulnerable caseload that may benefit from speech pathology intervention to help bring their voice into alignment with their gender identity. However, no previous studies have investigated treatment efficacy in this population. This study investigated the impact of intensive voice feminisation therapy targeting fundamental frequency and oral resonance in a 17 year old transgender individual within a youth justice institution. Acoustic analysis, listener and self-ratings of vocal femininity, self-ratings of vocal satisfaction, a post-treatment structured interview, and pre- and post- treatment completion of the Transsexual Voice Questionnaire (TVQ MtF ) were utilised to determine treatment impact...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449063/comparison-of-post-therapy-dysphonic-voices-and-normal-voices
#5
Natalie Schaeffer, Akiko Fuse
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present investigation was to compare the voices of post-therapy dysphonic participants with participants who have normal voices to determine how close the corrected voices approached normal vocal levels. The present investigation is a follow-up to the authors' previous research in which dysphonic participants, with voices ranging from moderate-to-severe dysphonia, were evaluated pre- and post therapy using the Dysphonic Severity Percentage scale and the interval scale...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447060/treatment-of-selective-mutism-based-on-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-psychopharmacology-and-combination-therapy-a-systematic-review
#6
Kasper Rud Østergaard
BACKGROUND: Selective mutism (SM) is a debilitating childhood anxiety disorder characterized by a persistent lack of speech in certain social settings and is considered hard to treat. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pharmacological treatments are the best described treatments in the literature. AIM: To test whether there is evidence on treatment based on CBT, medication or a combination of these. METHODS: Systematic and critical review of the literature on CBT and/or pharmacological treatments of SM...
February 15, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445122/deep-phenotyping-of-speech-and-language-skills-in-individuals-with-16p11-2-deletion
#7
Cristina Mei, Evelina Fedorenko, David J Amor, Amber Boys, Caitlyn Hoeflin, Peter Carew, Trent Burgess, Simon E Fisher, Angela T Morgan
Recurrent deletions of a ~600-kb region of 16p11.2 have been associated with a highly penetrant form of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). Yet prior findings have been based on a small, potentially biased sample using retrospectively collected data. We examine the prevalence of CAS in a larger cohort of individuals with 16p11.2 deletion using a prospectively designed assessment battery. The broader speech and language phenotype associated with carrying this deletion was also examined. 55 participants with 16p11...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444500/generation-of-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-line-zzui004-a-from-urine-sample-of-a-patient-with-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-3
#8
Yanlin Wang, Changhe Shi, Zhilei Wang, Huifang Sun, Zhihua Yang, Fan Zhang, Yutao Liu, Han Liu, Chenyang Jiang, Shoutao Zhang, Yuming Xu, Xuejun Wen
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) is a dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disease caused by a CAG repeat expansion in the region of the ATXN3 gene. The main feature of SCA3 is progressive ataxia, which affects balance, gait, and speech. Urine cells (UCs) of a SCA3 patient were successfully translated to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by using the Sendai virus delivery system. ZZUi004-A cell line may provide a robust platform for further study of SCA3 pathogenesis as well as drug testing and gene therapy research...
January 31, 2018: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435836/oral-and-dental-health-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#9
Joel B Epstein, Andrei Barasch
A diagnosis of head and neck cancer (HNC) is typically followed by therapy that is associated with immediate and long-lasting toxic consequences. HNC patients' oral health needs may be complex and are best addressed in multidisciplinary collaborative teams including surgical, medical, and radiation oncologists, dental providers, nutrition, speech/swallow specialists, and physical therapists. Oral health maintenance also requires patient compliance and caregiver support. The role of dental providers begins prior to cancer diagnosis and continues through survivorship...
2018: Cancer Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432246/evaluation-and-management-of-the-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Nicole Baumer, Sarah J Spence
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder defined by deficits in social communication and the presence of restricted and repetitive behaviors and interests. This article provides the tools to diagnose and manage patients with autism spectrum disorder. RECENT FINDINGS: Autism spectrum disorder is a heterogeneous condition with varying presentations, multiple etiologies, and a number of comorbidities that impact the course and management of the disorder...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430939/assessing-referral-and-practice-patterns-of-patients-with-chronic-cough-referred-for-behavioral-cough-suppression-therapy
#11
Laurie Slovarp, Bridget Kathleen Loomis, Amy Glaspey
The purpose of this exploratory research was to describe current referral and practice patterns for behavioral cough suppression therapy (BCST) throughout the United States, and to assess the need for improving the efficiency of BCST referral patterns. In study I, 126 speech-language pathologists, who treat patients with refractory chronic cough (RCC) in the United States, completed a survey about referral patterns, cough duration, and patient frustration level. In study II, 36 adults with RCC referred for BCST completed a four-part survey about cough symptoms and treatment...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430091/endodontic-treatment-of-chronically-infected-primary-teeth-using-triple-antibiotic-paste-an-in-vivo-study
#12
G Anuradha Reddy, E Sridevi, A J Sai Sankar, K Pranitha, M J S Pratap Gowd, C Vinay
Aim: Maintenance of primary dentition is imperative for the development of arch form, esthetics, function, mastication, and normal eruption of permanent teeth. Premature loss can cause various problems such as ectopic eruption, space loss for the successor permanent teeth, alterations in speech, and impairment of function. Hence, decayed primary teeth should not be extracted and treated whenever possible. Pulpectomy is generally recommended as a treatment of choice in such cases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic success of pulpectomized primary teeth with chronic infection using a mixture of metronidazole, ciprofloxacin, and minocycline (3MIX)-MP as an intracanal medicament before the obturation...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429204/-small-vessel-childhood-primary-angiitis-of-the-central-nervous-system-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
J Deng, F Fang, X H Wang, M Ge, L J He, N Zhang
Objective: To summarize the clinical and pathological features of small vessel-childhood primary angiitis of the central nervous system (SV-cPACNS), discuss the immune therapy and increase the attention to brain biopsy in SV-cPACNS. Methods: The clinical data, pathology of brain biopsy, treatment and outcome of an SV-cPACNS patient hospitalized in Beijing Children's Hospital in February 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. The cases reported at Pubmed, CNKI and Wanfang databases from 2007 to 2017 were searched, the clinical and pathological features, immunotherapy and prognosis of the disease were summarized according to the literature review...
February 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428493/a-questionnaire-to-assess-olfactory-rehabilitation-for-laryngectomized-patients-provox-voice-prosthesis-users-in-japan
#14
Yukinobu Ishikawa, Yukiko Yanagi, Michi Suzuki, Ujimoto Konomi
OBJECTIVE: We used a questionnaire to investigate olfactory function and the present state of olfactory rehabilitation for laryngectomized patients in Japan. METHODS: This study was conducted using a questionnaire survey. We mailed questionnaires to 190 members of a Japanese laryngectomized patient group (the nonprofit organization YOUSAY-KAI). The survey queried the following items: (1) basic information (age, sex, alaryngeal speech method, etc.); (2) questions about olfactory rehabilitation, such as the individual's experience of olfactory rehabilitation, the number of days from laryngectomy to the start of olfactory rehabilitation, and the location of rehabilitation (i...
February 7, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415867/time-course-of-improvement-after-re-repair-procedure-for-vpi-management
#15
Ahmed Elsherbiny, Meghan Amerson, Laura Sconyers, John H Grant
OBJECTIVES: Palatal re-repair aims to improve velar function by retro-positioning the levator veli palatini muscles. The surgery includes extensive dissection, leading to tissue edema and scar formation which may need time to remodel. Together with the change of muscle orientation and tension, it is expected that a period of time is needed to reach the final functional performance. This study attempts to determine how much time is required to reach the optimum performance of the palate after re-repair...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394325/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-over-left-inferior-frontal-cortex-improves-speech-fluency-in-adults-who-stutter
#16
Jennifer Chesters, Riikka Möttönen, Kate E Watkins
Stuttering is a neurodevelopmental condition affecting 5% of children, and persisting in 1% of adults. Promoting lasting fluency improvement in adults who stutter is a particular challenge. Novel interventions to improve outcomes are of value, therefore. Previous work in patients with acquired motor and language disorders reported enhanced benefits of behavioural therapies when paired with transcranial direct current stimulation. Here, we report the results of the first trial investigating whether transcranial direct current stimulation can improve speech fluency in adults who stutter...
January 31, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394251/examining-the-short-term-anxiolytic-and-antidepressant-effect-of-floatation-rest
#17
Justin S Feinstein, Sahib S Khalsa, Hung-Wen Yeh, Colleen Wohlrab, W Kyle Simmons, Murray B Stein, Martin P Paulus
Floatation-REST (Reduced Environmental Stimulation Therapy) reduces sensory input to the nervous system through the act of floating supine in a pool of water saturated with Epsom salt. The float experience is calibrated so that sensory signals from visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, thermal, tactile, vestibular, gravitational and proprioceptive channels are minimized, as is most movement and speech. This open-label study aimed to examine whether Floatation-REST would attenuate symptoms of anxiety, stress, and depression in a clinical sample...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386416/childhood-cerebral-x-linked-adrenoleukodystrophy-with-atypical-neuroimaging-abnormalities-and-a-novel-mutation
#18
M Muranjan, S Karande, S Sankhe, S Eichler
Childhood cerebral X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (XALD) typically manifests with symptoms of adrenocortical insufficiency and a variety of neurocognitive and behavioral abnormalities. A major diagnostic clue is the characteristic neuroinflammatory parieto-occipital white matter lesions on magnetic resonance imaging. This study reports a 5-year 10-month old boy presenting with generalized skin hyperpigmentation since 3 years of age. Over the past 9 months, he had developed right-sided hemiparesis and speech and behavioral abnormalities, which had progressed over 5 months to bilateral hemiparesis...
January 2018: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380619/the-prevalence-of-ankyloglossia-in-302-newborns-with-breastfeeding-problems-and-sucking-difficulties-in-barcelona-a-descriptive-study
#19
E Ferrés-Amat, T Pastor-Vera, P Rodriguez-Alessi, E Ferrés-Amat, J Mareque-Bueno, E Ferrés-Padró
AIM: Oral and maxillofacial development is influenced by the lingual frenulum and also affects breathing, occlusion, sucking, swallowing, speech, among others. Ankyloglossia in the newborn may result in breastfeeding difficulties: maternal nipple pain and/or erosion or mastitis, poor weight gain and excessively long breastfeeds. The main objective of this work is to study the prevalence of ankyloglossia in newborns with breastfeeding difficulties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a transversal descriptive study of 302 patients, between 0 and 6 months, who attended the hospital as a result of breastfeeding difficulties...
December 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376450/barriers-and-facilitators-to-meeting-aphasia-guideline-recommendations-what-factors-influence-speech-pathologists-practice
#20
Kirstine Shrubsole, Linda Worrall, Emma Power, Denise A O'Connor
PURPOSE: To explore factors influencing Australian speech pathologists' guideline recommended aphasia management practices. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with hospital-based speech pathologists (n = 20). Interviews focused on barriers and facilitators to implementing recommendations related to five practice areas: Aphasia-friendly Information; Collaborative Goal Setting; Timing of Therapy; Amount and Intensity of Therapy; and Conversation Partner Training...
January 29, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
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