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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818006/the-role-of-the-bdnf-val66met-polymorphism-in-recovery-of-aphasia-after-stroke
#1
Riemke G A de Boer, Kerstin Spielmann, Majanka H Heijenbrok-Kal, Rick van der Vliet, Gerard M Ribbers, W Mieke E van de Sandt-Koenderman
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is assumed to play a role in mediating neuroplasticity after stroke. Carriers of the function-limiting Val66Met (rs6265) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) may have a downregulation in BDNF secretion, which may lead to a poorer prognosis after stroke compared to noncarriers in motor learning and motor function recovery. The present study investigates whether this polymorphism may also affect the recovery of poststroke aphasia (ie, language impairment)...
August 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816914/congenital-hypotonia-in-toddlerhood
#2
Naomi Steiner, Alcy Torres, Arathi Reddy, Marilyn Augustyn
David is a 22-month-old boy who is new to your practice. He recently moved from a rural area in the Midwest. His father is in the United States Air Force, and his mother works as a full-time homemaker. Their household includes 5 older siblings. The family moves every year because of the father's Air Force placement.David was born full-term in Virginia, with no reported pregnancy complications and no alcohol, tobacco, or drug exposure. He was delivered vaginally, with Apgar scores of 7 and 9, respectively and no respiratory issues...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815583/educational-and-rehabilitation-service-utilization-in-adolescents-born-preterm-or-with-a-congenital-heart-defect-and-at-high-risk-for-disability
#3
Annette Majnemer, Noemi Dahan-Oliel, Charles Rohlicek, Sean Hatzigeorgiou, Barbara Mazer, Desiree B Maltais, Norbert Schmitz
AIM: This historical cohort study describes the use of educational and rehabilitation services in adolescents born preterm or with a congenital heart defect (CHD). METHOD: Parents of 76 young people (mean age 15y 8mo [SD 1y 8mo]) with CHD and 125 born ≤29 weeks gestational age (mean age 16y [SD 2y 5mo]) completed a demographics questionnaire including educational and rehabilitation resource utilization within the previous 6 months. Rehabilitation services included occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech language pathology, psychology...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813817/the-effects-of-silent-visuomotor-cueing-on-word-retrieval-in-broca-s-aphasies-a-pilot-study
#4
Klaudia Grechuta, Belen Rubio Bellaster, Rosa Espin Munne, Teresa Usabiaga Bernal, Begona Molina Hervas, Rosa San Segundo, Paul F M J Verschure
About a quarter of stroke patients worldwide suffer serious language disorders such as aphasias. Most common symptoms of Broca's aphasia are word naming disorders which highly impact verbal communication and the quality of life of aphasic patients. In order to recover disturbances in word retrieval, several cueing methods (i.e. phonemic and semantic) have been established to improve lexical access establishing effective language rehabilitation techniques. Based on recent evidence from action-perception theories, which postulate that neural circuits for speech perception and articulation are tightly coupled, in the present work, we propose and investigate an alternative type of cueing using silent articulation-related visual stimuli...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813072/stage-of-readiness-of-patients-with-behavioral-dysphonia-in-pre-and-post-group-voice-therapy-assessments
#5
Bianca Oliveira Ismael da Costa, Priscila Oliveira Costa Silva, Renata Serrano de Andrade Pinheiro, Hêmmylly Farias da Silva, Anna Alice Figueirêdo de Almeida
Purpose: To verify the efficacy of group voice therapy in the stage of readiness and identify which items of the URICA-Voice range are more sensitive to post-therapy change in patients with behavioral dysphonia. Methods: An intervention study was conducted on 49 patients with behavioral dysphonia. An eclectic approach to group therapy was implemented over eight sessions, the first and last sessions consisting of assessments. The URICA-Voice range was used to evaluate the stage of readiness at pre- and post-therapy assessments...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810906/atypical-presentation-of-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-two-case-reports
#6
Maria Cristina Maggio, Greta Mastrangelo, Aldo Skabar, Alessandro Ventura, Marco Carrozzi, Giuseppe Santangelo, Francesca Vanadia, Giovanni Corsello, Rolando Cimaz
BACKGROUND: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by severe neurological and psychiatric symptoms and a difficult diagnosis. The disease is often secondary to a neoplastic lesion, seldom diagnosed years later. Psychiatric symptoms are prevalent in adults; neurologic symptoms are more evident in children, who typically present primarily with neurological symptoms. To the best of our knowledge, the association with juvenile idiopathic arthritis has not been described...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808036/reducing-posttreatment-relapse-in-cleft-lip-palatal-expansion-using-an-injectable-estrogen-nanodiamond-hydrogel
#7
Christine Hong, Dayoung Song, Dong-Keun Lee, Lawrence Lin, Hsin Chuan Pan, Deborah Lee, Peng Deng, Zhenqing Liu, Danny Hadaya, Hye-Lim Lee, Abdulaziz Mohammad, Xinli Zhang, Min Lee, Cun-Yu Wang, Dean Ho
Patients with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP), who undergo numerous medical interventions from infancy, can suffer from lifelong debilitation caused by underdeveloped maxillae. Conventional treatment approaches use maxillary expansion techniques to develop normal speech, achieve functional occlusion for nutrition intake, and improve esthetics. However, as patients with CLP congenitally lack bone in the cleft site with diminished capacity for bone formation in the expanded palate, more than 80% of the patient population experiences significant postexpansion relapse...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805569/speech-voice-and-communication
#8
Julia A Johnson
Communication changes are an important feature of Parkinson's and include both motor and nonmotor features. This chapter will cover briefly the motor features affecting speech production and voice function before focusing on the nonmotor aspects. A description of the difficulties experienced by people with Parkinson's when trying to communicate effectively is presented along with some of the assessment tools and therapists' treatment options. The idea of clinical heterogeneity of PD and subtyping patients with different communication problems is explored and suggestions are made on how this may influence clinicians' treatment methods and choices so as to provide personalized therapy programmes...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805159/factors-associated-with-vocal-fry-among-college-students
#9
Lady Catherine Cantor-Cutiva, Pasquale Bottalico, Eric Hunter
PURPOSE: Vocal fry is increasingly used in everyday speech. The purpose of this study was to identify associated factors of vocal fry among young US college-age students. METHODS: Forty college students participated in a cross-sectional study. Participants produced speech under nine different room acoustic conditions (simulated). The recorded speech was perceptually evaluated by three speech-language pathologists. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify variables (individual, environmental) associated with the perceptual assessment of vocal fry...
August 14, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797529/voice-specialized-speech-language-pathologist-s-criteria-for-discharge-from-voice-therapy
#10
Amanda I Gillespie, Jackie Gartner-Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: No standard protocol exists to determine when a patient is ready and able to be discharged from voice therapy. The aim of the present study was to determine what factors speech-language pathologists (SLPs) deem most important when discharging a patient from voice therapy. A second aim was to determine if responses differed based on years of voice experience. METHODS: Step 1: Seven voice-specialized SLPs generated a list of items thought to be relevant to voice therapy discharge...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796088/the-effect-of-citalopram-versus-a-placebo-on-central-auditory-processing-in-the-elderly
#11
Jose Fernando Polanski, Alexandra Dezani Soares, Liliane Desgualdo Pereira, Oswaldo Laercio de Mendonça Cruz
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effects of therapy with citalopram on the central auditory processing in the elderly measured by central auditory tests. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Thirty-nine patients older than 60 years with normal hearing thresholds or symmetrical sensorineural hearing loss up to 70 dBHL, word-recognition score equal to or better than 70%, and diagnosed with central auditory processing disorders completed the study...
August 8, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792257/strategies-for-interprofessional-facilitators-and-clinical-supervisors-that-may-enhance-the-emotional-intelligence-of-therapy-students
#12
Nigel Gribble, Richard K Ladyshewsky, Richard Parsons
Emotional intelligence (EI) is a critical skill for occupational therapy, physiotherapy, and speech pathology students (therapy students). This article reports the findings from an analysis of interviews with therapy students (n = 24) to determine the aspects of clinical placements that therapy students perceived as influencing the changes in EI scores. This article reports the findings of the qualitative phase of a longitudinal, retrospective mixed methods design. Interviewees were selected using purposive sampling...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790903/increase-in-beta-band-activity-during-preparation-for-overt-speech-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Peter Sörös, Nuria Doñamayor, Catharina Wittke, Mohamed Al-Khaled, Norbert Brüggemann, Thomas F Münte
Speech impairment is a frequent and often serious symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD), characterized by a disorder of phonation, articulation and prosody. While research on the pathogenesis of the prominent limb motor symptoms has made considerable progress in recent years, the pathophysiology of PD speech impairment is still incompletely understood. To investigate the neural correlates of speech production in PD, EEG was recorded in 14 non-demented patients with idiopathic PD and preserved verbal fluency on regular dopaminergic medication (8 women; mean age ± SD: 69...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771728/quality-of-life-outcomes-of-transoral-robotic-surgery-with-or-without-adjuvant-therapy-for-oropharyngeal-cancer
#14
Rishabh Sethia, Ali C Yumusakhuylu, Isa Ozbay, Virginia Diavolitsis, Nicole V Brown, Songzhu Zhao, Lai Wei, Matthew Old, Amit Agrawal, Theodoros N Teknos, Enver Ozer
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To compare quality of life (QOL) of patients who underwent transoral robotic surgery (TORS) alone, with adjuvant radiation therapy (RT), or adjuvant chemoradiation therapy (CRT) in the treatment of oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer (OPSCCA). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for 111 patients treated for OPSCCA from 2008 to 2015. Patients were administered the Head and Neck Cancer Inventory (HNCI) to evaluate QOL preoperatively, and at 3 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year postsurgery...
August 3, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762303/beyond-phonosurgery-considerations-for-patient-reported-outcomes-and-speech-therapy-in-transgender-vocal-feminization
#15
Shane D Morrison, Christopher S Crowe, Vania Rashidi, Jonathan P Massie, Scott R Chaiet, David O Francis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753083/examining-the-perceived-impact-of-an-ethics-workshop-on-interprofessional-values-and-teamwork
#16
Sarah A Manspeaker, Elena V Donoso Brown, Sarah E Wallace, Leesa DiBartola, Allison Morgan
Interprofessional education (IPE) is a vital component of healthcare education yet challenges to implementation persist. This study aimed to evaluate the perceived impact of an ethics-based IPE workshop designed for professional phase healthcare students enrolled in athletic training, health management systems, occupational therapy, physical therapy, physician assistant studies, and speech-language pathology programmes at one university. A pre/post-test cohort study was conducted to evaluate the impact of the workshop on interprofessional values and teamwork...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748108/readyspeech-for-people-with-dysarthria-after-stroke-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Claire Mitchell, Audrey Bowen, Sarah Tyson, Paul Conroy
BACKGROUND: Dysarthria, a disordered speech production resulting from neuro-muscular impairment, is a common symptom after stroke. It causes significant problems for patients' speech intelligibility, communication, psychological well-being, social engagement and stroke recovery. Rehabilitation for dysarthria is variable in quality, intensity and duration, which may be, in part, due to the lack of good quality evidence. An online therapy programme, ReaDySpeech, has the potential to improve quality, intensity and duration of speech rehabilitation and was considered in a proof-of-concept study to be acceptable to speech and language therapists and patients which warranted further evaluation...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743388/traumatic-bilateral-dissection-of-cervical-internal-carotid-artery-in-the-wake-of-a-car-accident-a-case-report
#18
N Taoussi, A J Alghamdi, J Bielewicz, P Luchowski, K Rejdak
BACKGROUND: Bilateral carotid artery dissection secondary to severe trauma is rare and can be potentially life -threatening if not diagnosed and treated properly. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 29-year-old female who was admitted to the emergency department after a car accident. The patient was conscious at the time of admission and presented with an initial Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 15 presenting normal vital signs. The patient developed motor dysphasia with right upper limb paresis a few hours after the admission...
July 10, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741729/influence-of-timing-of-delayed-hard-palate-closure-on-articulation-skills-in-3-year-old-danish-children-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#19
Elisabeth Willadsen, Maria Boers, Antje Schöps, Mia Kisling-Møller, Joan Bogh Nielsen, Line Dahl Jørgensen, Mikael Andersen, Stig Bolund, Helene Søgaard Andersen
BACKGROUND: Differing results regarding articulation skills in young children with cleft palate (CP) have been reported and often interpreted as a consequence of different surgical protocols. AIMS: To assess the influence of different timing of hard palate closure in a two-stage procedure on articulation skills in 3-year-olds born with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). Secondary aims were to compare results with peers without CP, and to investigate if there are gender differences in articulation skills...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739332/effects-of-voice-therapy-on-muscle-tension-dysphonia-a-systematic-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Gabriela da Cunha Pereira, Isadora de Oliveira Lemos, Camila Dalbosco Gadenz, Mauriceia Cassol
The present study aimed to carry out a systematic review of the effects of voice therapy on individuals diagnosed with muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) or hyperfunctional dysphonia. This is a systematic literature review on the databases Medline (via PubMed), Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Lilacs using a search strategy related to the theme of the study. The selection included clinical trials that assessed the effects of speech therapy intervention on patients diagnosed with MTD or hyperfunctional dysphonia published over the last 10 years in Portuguese, English, or Spanish...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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