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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526385/prevalence-of-skeletal-muscle-mass-loss-and-its-association-with-swallowing-function-after-cardiovascular-surgery
#1
Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Rimiko Takahashi, Naoko Watanabe, Hideyuki Oritsu, Yoshitaka Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of skeletal muscle mass loss and its association with swallowing function in patients with dysphagia after cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed in 65 consecutive patients with dysphagia after cardiovascular surgery who were prescribed speech therapy. Skeletal muscle index (SMI) was calculated as total psoas muscle area assessed via abdominal computed tomography divided by height squared...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525541/safety-behaviors-and-stuttering
#2
Robyn Lowe, Fjola Helgadottir, Ross Menzies, Rob Heard, Sue O'Brian, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow
Purpose: Those who are socially anxious may use safety behaviors during feared social interactions to prevent negative outcomes. Safety behaviors are associated with anxiety maintenance and poorer treatment outcomes because they prevent fear extinction. Social anxiety disorder is often comorbid with stuttering. Speech pathologists reported in a recent publication (Helgadottir, Menzies, Onslow, Packman, & O'Brian, 2014a) that they often recommended procedures for clients that could be safety behaviors...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524747/health-care-students-at-an-argentinean-school-of-medicine-are-they-well-prepared-to-provide-quality-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services
#3
Belén Provenzano-Castro, Silvia Oizerovich, Babill Stray-Pedersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to assess what students of the University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine learn about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights, focusing particularly on their knowledge of accessibility to contraception and abortion legislation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, self-administered, anonymous questionnaires were administered to 760 first year students and to 695 final year students from different fields of study (medicine, midwifery, nursing, radiology, nutrition, speech therapy and physiotherapy) between 2011 and 2013...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515935/methotrexate-encephalopathy-two-cases-in-adult-cancer-patients-who-recovered-with-pathophysiologically-based-therapy
#4
Shodeinde A Coker, David A Pastel, Melissa C Davis, Elizabeth M Bengtson, Camilo E Fadul, Lionel D Lewis
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Neurotoxicity is a serious and sometimes fatal adverse effect that can occur following methotrexate treatment. We describe two adult patients with hematological malignancies with methotrexate encephalopathy who recovered with dextromethorphan therapy. RESULTS: Case 1: A 24-year-old male with acute lymphoblastic leukemia developed the acute onset of bilateral facial weakness and slurred speech after his first treatment with high-dose intravenous methotrexate...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514476/mary-s-case-an-illustration-of-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-for-a-child-with-severe-disabilities
#5
Billy T Ogletree, Nancy Brady, Susan Bruce, Evan Dean, MaryAnn Romski, Lorraine Sylvester, David Westling
Purpose: The principles of interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) are illustrated through the case of Mary, a child with severe disabilities. Method: Mary's experiences from early childhood to young adulthood are highlighted by both optimal and less-than-ideal examples of clinical services and collaborative practice. The range of collaboration illustrates potential variations in service delivery. Thematic comments and resources are provided by professionals experienced with and committed to IPCP who represent the following four disciplines: occupational therapy, physical therapy, special education, and speech-language pathology...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514475/cotreatment-as-a-vehicle-for-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-physical-therapists-and-speech-language-pathologists-collaborating-in-the-care-of-children-with-severe-disabilities
#6
Lorraine Sylvester, Billy T Ogletree, Karen Lunnen
Purpose: This article defines interprofessional collaborative practice and links its key features with accepted practice conceptualizations of physical therapy. Cotreatment with speech-language pathology is described as a vehicle for interprofessional collaborative practice for children with severe disabilities. Method: The article reviews the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (WHO, 2015) and the Hypothesis-Oriented Algorithm for Clinicians II (Rothstein, Echternach, & Riddle, 2003) as existing service-delivery frameworks in physical therapy and discusses how interprofessional collaborative practice between speech-language pathologists and physical therapists can be useful within these practice guidelines...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513182/-it-just-opens-up-their-world-autism-empathy-and-the-therapeutic-effects-of-equine-interactions
#7
Roslyn Malcolm, Stefan Ecks, Martyn Pickersgill
Experiences of autism-spectrum disorder are now increasingly studied by social scientists. Human-animal relations have also become a major focus of social inquiry in recent years. Examining horse-assisted therapy for autistic spectrum disorders, this is the first paper that brings these fields together. Drawing on participant observation and interviews at a UK horse therapy Centre, this article examines how staff and the parents of riders account for the successes and limitations of equine therapy. To the respondents, horses 'open up' autistic children and make possible interactions that seemed impossible before...
May 17, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511890/intratympanic-steroid-delivery-by-an-indwelling-catheter-in-refractory-severe-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#8
Diego Zanetti, Federica Di Berardino, Nader Nassif, Luca Oscar Redaelli De Zinis
OBJECTIVE: Many studies over the last decade showed favorable outcomes with intratympanic (IT) steroid treatment, alone as salvage treatment or in combination with conventional systemic therapy (ST). However, in severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss resistant to ST, the optimal infusion mode, the type and concentration of the solution, the preferable drug, its total amount, and the duration and fractionation of the treatment are still debated. Aim of the study was to investigate the feasibility and the outcomes of a direct and constant IT delivery of dexamethasone (DEX) by means of a new indwelling catheter...
May 13, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511184/are-we-overlooking-stroke-chameleons-a-retrospective-study-on-the-delayed-recognition-of-stroke-patients
#9
Pitcha Chompoopong, Nassir Rostambeigi, Darine Kassar, Alberto Maud, Ihtesham A Qureshi, Salvador Cruz-Flores, Gustavo J Rodriguez
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: New effective recanalization therapies are currently available for acute ischemic stroke; yet a vast majority of stroke patients are left untreated. The lack of early recognition may be because often times, stroke patients present with atypical manifestations that resemble other conditions (which are referred to as "stroke chameleons"). We set to study the proportion of patients with delayed stroke recognition in a single center. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected data over a 9-year period...
May 17, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510578/neurofeedback-as-a-form-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-therapy-following-stroke-a-systematic-review
#10
Tian Renton, Alana Tibbles, Jane Topolovec-Vranic
Neurofeedback therapy (NFT) has been used within a number of populations however it has not been applied or thoroughly examined as a form of cognitive rehabilitation within a stroke population. Objectives for this systematic review included: i) identifying how NFT is utilized to treat cognitive deficits following stroke, ii) examining the strength and quality of evidence to support the use of NFT as a form of cognitive rehabilitation therapy (CRT) and iii) providing recommendations for future investigations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503656/communication-bridge-a-pilot-feasibility-study-of-internet-based-speech-language-therapy-for-individuals-with-progressive-aphasia
#11
Emily J Rogalski, Marie Saxon, Hannah McKenna, Christina Wieneke, Alfred Rademaker, Marya E Corden, Kathryn Borio, M-Marsel Mesulam, Becky Khayum
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with aphasia symptoms due to neurodegenerative dementia are under-referred for speech-language therapy (SLT) services. We sought to determine the feasibility of utilizing telepractice, via Internet video conferencing, to connect an individual with progressive aphasia due to dementia to a speech-language pathologist for treatment. METHODS: Participants received an Initial Evaluation, 8 person-centered Internet-based SLT sessions and two Post-Therapy Evaluations...
November 2016: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503386/mechanical-thrombectomy-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-after-cardiac-surgery
#12
Ali S Haider, Prabhat Garg, Ian T Watson, Dean Leonard, Umair Khan, Ahmed Haque, Phu Nguyen, Kennith F Layton
Ischemic stroke is a rare yet devastating complication that may occur following cardiothoracic surgery. Fibrinolytic treatment is contraindicated due to elevated risk for hemorrhage. Mechanical thrombectomy entails a catheterized approach wherein the thrombus is physically removed from the vessel without the use of fibrinolytics, minimizing the possibility of intracranial hemorrhage. Here, we present two original cases of mechanical thrombectomy as treatment for patients experiencing emergent large vessel occlusion following cardiothoracic surgery...
April 11, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499298/-cochlear-implant-state-of-the-art
#13
Thomas Lenarz
Cochlear implants are the treatment of choice for the auditory rehabilitation of patients with sensory deafness. They restore the missing function of inner hair cells by transforming the acoustic signal into electrical stimuli for activation of auditory nerve fibers. Due to the very fast technology development cochlear implants provide open-set speech understanding in the majority of patients including the use of the telephone. Children can achieve a near to normal speech and language development provided their deafness is detected early after onset and implantation is performed quickly thereafter...
April 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495231/descriptive-study-of-the-parkinsonian-population-in-the-north-of-france-epidemiological-analysis-and-healthcare-consumption
#14
N Carriere, D Verloop, C Dupont, V Fontaine, M Tir, P Krystkowiak, A Blanchard, L Defebvre, M-M Defebvre
BACKGROUND: The "neurodegenerative diseases plan" under elaboration for the Hauts-de-France region requires better knowledge of the patient population and care pathways. In France, the prevalence of Parkinson's disease (PD) has been estimated from cohorts to be about 1-3 per 1000 inhabitants, but exhaustive data are scarce for the general population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of PD in the Hauts-de-France region and to assess PD-related healthcare consumption...
May 8, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495044/cognitive-and-academic-outcomes-in-long-term-survivors-of-infantile-onset-pompe-disease-a-longitudinal-follow-up
#15
Gail A Spiridigliozzi, Lori A Keeling, Mihaela Stefanescu, Cindy Li, Stephanie Austin, Priya S Kishnani
This study examines the long-term cognitive and academic outcomes of 11 individuals with infantile onset Pompe disease (IOPD) (median age=11years, 1month, range=5years, 6months through 17years of age) treated with enzyme replacement therapy from an early age. All participants (7 males, 4 females) were administered individual intelligence tests (Wechsler or Leiter scales or both), a measure of their academic skill levels (Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement), and a screening measure of visual-motor integration ability (Beery-Buktenica)...
May 1, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488981/a-survey-of-parents-with-children-on-the-autism-spectrum-experience-with-services-and-treatments
#16
Tracy A Becerra, Maria L Massolo, Vincent M Yau, Ashli A Owen-Smith, Frances L Lynch, Phillip M Crawford, Kathryn A Pearson, Magdalena E Pomichowski, Virginia P Quinn, Cathleen K Yoshida, Lisa A Croen
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are lifelong neurodevelopmental disorders, and little is known about how parents address the health and psychosocial consequences of ASD. Few studies have examined use of various treatments and services in a large, diverse sample of children with ASD and their families. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents methods to create an autism research resource across multiple large health delivery systems and describes services and treatments used by children with ASD and their families...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485648/survey-of-ent-services-in-sub-saharan-africa-little-progress-between-2009-and-2015
#17
Wakisa Mulwafu, Robbert Ensink, Hannah Kuper, Johannes Fagan
BACKGROUND: A 2009 survey of ENT, audiology, and speech therapy services and training opportunities in 18 Sub-Saharan African countries reported that the availability of services was extremely poor, the distribution of services was very inequitable, and training opportunities were limited. ​​Objective: We conducted a new survey to determine the current status of ear, nose, and throat (ENT), audiology, and speech therapy services in sub-Saharan Africa. METHOD: This study is a cross-sectional study...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480480/autism-in-southeast-europe-a-survey-of-caregivers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#18
Amy M Daniels, Ariel Como, Sabri Hergüner, Krasimira Kostadinova, Jasmina Stosic, Andy Shih
The aim of this study was to understand the diagnostic, service and lived experiences of families affected by ASD in Southeast Europe. A total of 758 caregivers from Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia and Turkey were surveyed from 2013 to 2015 about characteristics of the child with ASD; service encounters; and caregiver perceptions. The average age at first concern was 24.4 months (SD 11.8) and at diagnosis, 40.0 months (SD 19.0). Psychiatrists were the most common diagnostician; most children received some ASD-related service, most frequently speech and language therapy...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480166/albuterol-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-to-enzyme-replacement-therapy-in-infantile-onset-pompe-disease
#19
Yin-Hsiu Chien, Wuh-Liang Hwu, Ni-Chung Lee, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Dwight D Koeberl, Wen-Hui Tsai, Pao-Chin Chiu, Chaw-Liang Chang
BACKGROUND: Early initiation of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with recombinant human acid alpha-glucosidase is an effective treatment for patients with infantile-onset Pompe disease (IOPD) but cannot prevent a slow progression of myopathy. Albuterol has been shown to be helpful in adult patients with Pompe disease, and therefore, we administered an open-label adjunctive therapy with albuterol in IOPD patients undergoing ERT. METHODS: Fourteen patients, aged 2 to 12 years, were enrolled in this study; all of them had a disease onset before 12 months of life, and 13 of them were ambulatory because of early initiation of ERT...
June 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472535/learning-from-human-cadaveric-prosections-examining-anxiety-in-speech-therapy-students
#20
Juan Jose Criado-Álvarez, Jaime González González, Carmen Romo Barrientos, Isabel Ubeda-Bañon, Daniel Saiz-Sanchez, Alicia Flores-Cuadrado, Juan Carlos Albertos-Marco, Alino Martinez-Marcos, Alicia Mohedano-Moriano
Human anatomy education often utilizes the essential practices of cadaver dissection and examination of prosected specimens. However, these exposures to human cadavers and confronting death can be stressful and anxiety-inducing for students. This study aims to understand the attitudes, reactions, fears, and states of anxiety that speech therapy students experience in the dissection room. To that end, a before-and-after cross-sectional analysis was conducted with speech therapy students undertaking a dissection course for the first time...
May 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
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