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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793952/maintaining-capacity-for-in-practice-teaching-and-supervision-of-students-and-general-practice-trainees-a-cross-sectional-study-of-early-career-general-practitioners
#1
Nigel Catzikiris, Amanda Tapley, Simon Morgan, Elizabeth G Holliday, Jean Ball, Kim Henderson, Taryn Elliott, Neil Spike, Cathy Regan, Parker Magin
Objectives Expanding learner cohorts of medical students and general practitioner (GP) vocational trainees and the impending retirement of the 'baby boomer' GP cohort threaten the teaching and supervisory capacity of the Australian GP workforce. Engaging newly qualified GPs is essential to sustaining this workforce training capacity. The aim of the present study was to establish the prevalence and associations of in-practice clinical teaching and supervision in early career GPs.Methods The present study was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study of recent (within 5 years) alumni of three of Australia's 17 regional general practice training programs...
August 10, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701889/education-for-community-based-family-medicine-a-social-need-in-the-real-world
#2
REVIEW
Shin-Ichi Taniguchi, Daeho Park, Kazuoki Inoue, Toshihiro Hamada
One of the most critical social problems in Japan is the remarkable increase in the aging population. Elderly patients with a variety of complications and issues other than biomedical problems such as dementia and life support with nursing care have been also increasing. Ever since the Japanese economy started to decline after the economic bubble burst of 1991 and the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy in 2008, how we can resolve health problems of the elderly at a lower cost has become one of our most challenging social issues...
June 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697732/an-assessment-of-equity-in-the-distribution-of-non-financial-health-care-inputs-across-public-primary-health-care-facilities-in-tanzania
#3
August Kuwawenaruwa, Josephine Borghi, Michelle Remme, Gemini Mtei
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on how health care inputs are distributed from the sub-national level down to health facilities and their potential influence on promoting health equity. To address this gap, this paper assesses equity in the distribution of health care inputs across public primary health facilities at the district level in Tanzania. METHODS: This is a quantitative assessment of equity in the distribution of health care inputs (staff, drugs, medical supplies and equipment) from district to facility level...
July 11, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687554/innovative-models-for-providing-clinical-pharmacy-services-to-remote-locations-using-clinical-video-telehealth
#4
Cassie Perdew, Katie Erickson, Jessica Litke
PURPOSE: The use of videoconferencing and other telehealth technologies to expand access to clinical pharmacy services at multiple Veterans Affairs (VA) clinics in rural areas of Alaska and the northwestern United States is described. SUMMARY: Beginning in 2014, clinical pharmacy specialists at a regional VA Telehealth Hub based at Boise VA Medical Center in Idaho have provided telehealth services for 16 clinics. In one telehealth model, a pharmacist and other remotely located primary care team members (a medical provider, a medical support assistant, a social worker, and a psychologist) conduct telehealth visits with veterans located at VA clinics, with support provided by clinic-based nursing staff; this model has been used to improve medication management services for veterans in sparsely populated areas...
July 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662639/equitable-resourcing-of-primary-health-care-in-remote-communities-in-australia-s-northern-territory-a-pilot-study
#5
John Wakerman, Lisa Sparrow, Susan L Thomas, John S Humphreys, Mike Jones
BACKGROUND: Improved Primary Health Care (PHC) utilisation is central to reducing the unacceptable morbidity and mortality rates characterising populations living in remote communities. Despite poorer health, significant inequity characterises the funding of PHC services in Australia's most remote areas. This pilot study sought to ascertain what funding is required to ensure equitable access to sustainable, high quality primary health care irrespective of geographical remoteness of communities...
June 29, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659116/cardiac-care-for-indigenous-australians-practical-considerations-from-a-clinical-perspective
#6
REVIEW
Warren F Walsh, Nadarajah Kangaharan
Indigenous Australians have a much high burden of cardiovascular disease, which occurs at an earlier age than in the non-Indigenous population. Comorbidities such as diabetes are common. Early diagnosis of ischaemic heart disease may be difficult because of barriers such as distance to medical centres, communication problems and family and cultural responsibilities. Disparities in cardiac care between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations are well documented, with examples including reduced angiography and revascularisation rates in Indigenous patients...
July 3, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629349/relationships-between-dental-personnel-and-non-dental-primary-health-care-providers-in-rural-and-remote-queensland-australia-dental-perspectives
#7
Jackie Stuart, Ha Hoang, Len Crocombe, Tony Barnett
BACKGROUND: Collaboration between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers has the potential to improve oral health care for people in rural and remote communities, where access to oral health services is limited. However, there is limited research on collaboration between these professional disciplines. The purpose of this paper was to explore the relationships between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers from rural and remote areas of Queensland and to identify strategies that could improve collaboration between these disciplines from the perspective of dental participants...
June 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616369/management-of-an-obstructed-tracheostomy-in-a-limited-resource-setting
#8
Julie Chiaravalli, Norman Lufesi, Elwin Shawa, Vitumbiko Nkhoma, Elaine Sigalet, Adam Dubrowski
Obstruction of a tracheostomy tube is a common cause of respiratory compromise in adults and pediatric patients, which can lead to a life-threatening emergency if it is not properly managed. Compromised airway patency has many potential etiologies; however, the scenario described in this technical report focuses specifically on the management of tracheostomy obstruction through the presence of a mucus plug, blood clot, or highly viscous secretions. The simulation described in this technical report was written to be conducted as an in-situ simulation within the intensive care unit (ICU) at Mzuzu Central Hospital, Malawi...
May 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607245/opportunities-in-oral-health-policy-for-timor-leste
#9
Lucio F Babo Soares, Silvana S Bettiol, Isaac J Dalla-Fontana, Penny Allen, Leonard A Crocombe
Timor-Leste faces an urgent set of challenges in oral health. The impact of oral diseases in terms of reduced quality of life and cost of treatment is considerable. This paper reviews progress on policy recommendations since the National Oral Health Survey in 2002, the first such national survey. Few proposals have been implemented to date, owing to (i) lack of local support for the recommendations, particularly on promotion of oral health; (ii) lack of financial and budgetary provisions for oral health; (iii) lack of focus on services, human resources and dental personnel; (iv) poor focus, design and implementation of policy and planning in oral health; and (v) lack of transport to facilitate health-care workers' access to remote areas...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365651/access-to-continuing-education-for-critical-care-nurses-in-rural-or-remote-settings
#10
Lori Hendrickx, Charlene Winters
Caring for the critically ill does not occur solely in large medical centers or urban areas. Nurses practicing in rural or remote settings practice as nurse generalists, caring for a wide range of patients, including those needing critical care. As a nurse generalist, the need for a wide variety of skill sets challenges nurses in rural areas to maintain current practice through continuing education across many content areas. They also may not come in contact with critically ill patients or emergent situations as often as their urban counterparts, which can make remaining comfortable with more advanced skills difficult...
April 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359313/an-examination-of-the-causes-consequences-and-policy-responses-to-the-migration-of-highly-trained-health-personnel-from-the-philippines-the-high-cost-of-living-leaving-a-mixed-method-study
#11
Erlinda Castro-Palaganas, Denise L Spitzer, Maria Midea M Kabamalan, Marian C Sanchez, Ruel Caricativo, Vivien Runnels, Ronald Labonté, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault
BACKGROUND: Dramatic increases in the migration of human resources for health (HRH) from developing countries like the Philippines can have consequences on the sustainability of health systems. In this paper, we trace the outflows of HRH from the Philippines, map out its key causes and consequences, and identify relevant policy responses. METHODS: This mixed method study employed a decentered, comparative approach that involved three phases: (a) a scoping review on health workers' migration of relevant policy documents and academic literature on health workers' migration from the Philippines; and primary data collection with (b) 37 key stakeholders and (c) household surveys with seven doctors, 329 nurses, 66 midwives, and 18 physical therapists...
March 31, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061783/improving-the-knowledge-of-labour-and-delivery-nurses-in-india-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mentoring-and-case-sheets-in-primary-care-centres
#12
Janet Bradley, Krishnamurthy Jayanna, Souradet Shaw, Troy Cunningham, Elizabeth Fischer, Prem Mony, B M Ramesh, Stephen Moses, Lisa Avery, Maryanne Crockett, James F Blanchard
BACKGROUND: Birthing in health facilities in India has increased over the last few years, yet maternal and neonatal mortality rates remain high. Clinical mentoring with case sheets or checklists for nurses is viewed as essential for on-going knowledge transfer, particularly where basic training is inadequate. This paper summarizes a study of the effect of such a programme on staff knowledge and skills in a randomized trial of 295 nurses working in 108 Primary Health Centres (PHCs) in Karnataka, India...
January 7, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029724/the-role-of-the-breast-care-nurse-in-patient-and-family-care
#13
Lauretta Luck, Harrison Ng Chok, Nancy Scott, Lesley Wilkes
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe the role of the Breast Care Nurse in caring for patients and families. BACKGROUND: The Breast Care Nurse is an expert clinical nurse who plays a significant role in the care of women/men and their families with breast cancer. The role of these nurses has expanded since the 1990s in Australia. DESIGN: Descriptive study. METHODS: An online survey was sent to Breast Care Nurses using peak body databases (n=100)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968859/the-health-brain-drain-in-rural-areas-about-the-health-personnel-incentive-policy-intervention-in-shanghai-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Kun Liu, Limei Jing, Xuhong Zhou, Yao Huang, Li Wang, Xiaoming Sun
BACKGROUND: The so-called health brain-drain-which refers to the health workers leaving their present jobs to other institutions, especially in rural areas-severely restricts the development of primary healthcare. To solve the problem, Pudong New Area of Shanghai carried out a series of incentive policies such as salary bonus, promotion and housing from July, 2014. In our study we aimed to analyse the change in health brain-drain which resulted from this policy. METHODS: There are 45 community health centres in Pudong, which we classified into 4 categories by geographical division: remote rural, general rural, suburban, and urban...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941470/simbu-ptosis-an-outreach-approach-to-myogenic-ptosis-in-eastern-highlands-of-papua-new-guinea-experience-and-results-from-a-high-volume-oculoplastic-surgical-camp
#15
Anna G Gushchin, Alison V Crum, Ben B Limbu, Edward P Quigley, Michael S Seward, Geoffrey C Tabin
PURPOSE: To present the results of a high-volume oculoplastic surgical outreach in a remote region of Simbu Province in the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea. The authors describe the clinical features and evaluation and treatment of a novel ptosis syndrome found in this area. DESIGN: A team of 4 international ophthalmologists and 3 local doctors and 3 local nurses involved in a high-volume field intervention for all patients presenting with a bilateral ptosis to Mingende Rural Hospital...
March 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846242/understanding-health-workers-job-preferences-to-improve-rural-retention-in-timor-leste-findings-from-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#16
Marc-Francois Smitz, Sophie Witter, Christophe Lemiere, Patrick Hoang-Vu Eozenou, Tomas Lievens, Rashid U Zaman, Kay Engelhardt, Xiaohui Hou
BACKGROUND: Timor-Leste built its health workforce up from extremely low levels after its war of independence, with the assistance of Cuban training, but faces challenges as the first cohorts of doctors will shortly be freed from their contracts with government. Retaining doctors, nurses and midwives in remote areas requires a good understanding of health worker preferences. METHODS: The article reports on a discrete choice experiment (DCE) carried out amongst 441 health workers, including 173 doctors, 150 nurses and 118 midwives...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829573/advancing-interprofessional-primary-health-care-services-in-rural-settings-for-people-with-chronic-low-back-disorders-protocol-of-a-community-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Brenna Bath, Stacey Lovo Grona, Stephan Milosavljevic, Nazmi Sari, Biaka Imeah, Megan E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back disorders (CLBDs) are a substantial burden on individuals and societies, and impact up to 20% of Canadians. Rural and remote residents are approximately 30% more likely to have CLBDs. Reduced access to appropriate team-based health services, including physical therapy, is a key factor that may magnify the impact of CLBD on pain, physical function, overall quality of life, health-related system costs, and individual costs. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this project is to evaluate the validity, comparative effectiveness, costs, barriers, and facilitators of an interprofessional management approach for people with CLBDs, delivered via telehealth...
November 9, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825340/patient-and-provider-acceptance-of-telecoaching-in-type-2-diabetes-a-mixed-method-study-embedded-in-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#18
I Odnoletkova, H Buysse, F Nobels, G Goderis, B Aertgeerts, L Annemans, D Ramaekers
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in diagnosis and treatment of type 2 diabetes, suboptimal metabolic control persists. Patient education in diabetes has been proved to enhance self-efficacy and guideline-driven treatment, however many people with type 2 diabetes do not have access to or do not participate in self-management support programmes. Tele-education and telecoaching have the potential to improve accessibility and efficiency of care, but there is a slow uptake in Europe. Patient and provider acceptance in a local context is an important pre-condition for implementation...
November 9, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624177/primary-health-care-for-aboriginal-women-and-children-in-the-year-after-birth-findings-from-a-population-based-study-in-south-australia
#19
Jane Yelland, Donna Weetra, Deanna Stuart-Butler, Janiene Deverix, Cathy Leane, Jackie Ah Kit, Karen Glover, Deirdre Gartland, Jonathan Newbury, Stephanie Brown
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent to which Aboriginal women access primary care for themselves and their infant in the year after childbirth. METHOD: Cross sectional population-based survey of women giving birth to Aboriginal babies in South Australia between July 2011 and June 2013. RESULTS: A total of 344 women took part in the study 4-9 months after giving birth. The majority had seen a primary health care practitioner since the birth: 86% had seen a Child and Family Health Service (CaFHS) nurse, 81% a general practitioner (GP), and 61% an Aboriginal health worker (AHW)...
October 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573307/service-providers-experiences-of-using-a-telehealth-network-12-months-after-digitisation-of-a-large-australian-rural-mental-health-service
#20
Lareen Newman, Niranjan Bidargaddi, Geoffrey Schrader
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence of benefits of telehealth networks in increasing access to, or providing, previously unavailable mental health services, care providers still prefer traditional approaches. For psychiatric assessment, digital technology can offer improvements over analog systems for the technical and, subsequently, the social quality of provider-client interaction. This is in turn expected to support greater provider uptake and enhanced patient benefits. OBJECTIVE: Within the framework of Innovation Diffusion Theory, to study service providers' experiences of an existing regional telehealth network for mental health care practice twelve months after digitisation in order to identify the benefits of digital telehealth over an analog system for mental health care purposes in rural Australia...
October 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
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