keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Transverse myelitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427710/clinical-outcomes-and-predictive-factors-related-to-good-outcomes-in-plasma-exchange-in-severe-attack-of-nmosd-and-long-extensive-transverse-myelitis-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Saharat Aungsumart, Metha Apiwattanakul
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive factors associated with good outcomes of plasma exchange in severe attacks through neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and long extensive transverse myelitis (LETM). In addition, to review the literature of predictive factors associated with the good outcomes of plasma exchange in central nervous system inflammatory demyelinating diseases (CNS IDDs). METHODS: Retrospective study in 27 episodes of severe acute attacks myelitis and optic neuritis in 24 patients, including 20 patients with NMOSD seropositive, 1 patient with NMOSD seronegative and 3 patients with LETM...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427688/pruritus-may-be-a-common-symptom-related-to-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders
#2
Zhiyong He, Ming Ren, Xiaofeng Wang, Qifeng Guo, Xiaokun Qi
BACKGROUND: To evaluate pruritus in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) and to characterize the relationship between pruritus and lesions of NMOSD. METHODS: 61 patients with NMOSD were included in the study and their medical records were reviewed for pruritus, neurological symptoms and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images. We focused on the patients' history of pruritus, especially the severity, duration, region, and the relationship of pruritus with other symptoms of NMOSD...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416784/longitudinal-extensive-transverse-myelitis-letm-in-children-a-twenty-year-study-from-oman
#3
Roshan Koul, Amna M Alfutaisi, Renjith Mani, Rana A Abdel Rahim, Dilip K Sankhla, Faisal M Al Azri
OBJECTIVE: The data on children with diagnosis of idiopathic transverse myelitis (ITM) was searched to find the pattern of myelitis in Oman. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out from January1995 to December 2014. Electronic medical records and patient medical files were seen to get the complete data of the children with ITM. This work was carried out at Sultan Qaboos University hospital, Muscat, Oman. The ethical committee of the hospital had approved the study...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393003/syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuretic-hormone-secretion-associated-with-seronegative-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder
#4
Shin Ju Oh, Chun Gyoo Ihm, Tae Won Lee, Jin Sug Kim, Da Rae Kim, Eun Ji Park, Su Woong Jung, Ji-Hoon Lee, Sung Hyuk Heo, Kyung Hwan Jeong
The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is a potential cause of hyponatremia of the central nervous system (CNS). Although SIADH has been reported to be associated with many other central nervous disorders, its association with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) or NMO spectrum disorders are rare. NMO is a demyelinating disorder characterized by optic neuritis and transverse myelitis. Aquaporin-4 (AQP4), which is the target antigen for a NMO autoantibody, is the predominant CNS water channel...
March 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391784/neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Tetsuya Akaishi, Ichiro Nakashima, Douglas Kazutoshi Sato, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Kazuo Fujihara
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is clinically characterized by severe optic neuritis and transverse myelitis, but recent studies with anti-aquaporin-4-antibody specific to NMO have revealed that the clinical spectrum is wider than previously thought. International consensus diagnostic criteria propose NMO spectrum disorders (NMOSD) as the term to define the entire spectrum including typical NMO, optic neuritis, acute myelitis, brain syndrome, and their combinations. NMOSD is now divided into anti-aquaporin-4-antibody-seropositive NMOSD and -seronegative NMOSD (or unknown serostatus)...
May 2017: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366165/hepatitis-b-virus-induced-cytoplasmic-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-mediated-vasculitis-causing-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-acute-transverse-myelitis-and-nephropathy-a-case-report
#6
Utsav Joshi, Roshan Subedi, Bikram Prasad Gajurel
BACKGROUND: Transverse myelitis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and nephropathy are established but rare complications of hepatitis B virus infection that can potentially be triggered by an antibody-mediated vasculitis as a result of a viral infection. The following is a case report detailing a patient presenting with all three of the above presentations who is cytoplasmic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-positive and a chronic carrier of hepatitis B. CASE PRESENTATION: A 33-year-old Nepalese man presented to our hospital with headache, swelling of his body, paraplegia, and back pain that developed over a period of 10 days...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334875/white-matter-changes-in-paediatric-multiple-sclerosis-and-monophasic-demyelinating-disorders
#7
Giulia Longoni, Robert A Brown, Parya MomayyezSiahkal, Colm Elliott, Sridar Narayanan, Amit Bar-Or, Ruth Ann Marrie, E Ann Yeh, Massimo Filippi, Brenda Banwell, Douglas L Arnold
Most children who experience an acquired demyelinating syndrome of the central nervous system will have a monophasic disease course, with no further clinical or radiological symptoms. A subset will be diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, a life-long disorder. Using linear mixed effects models we examined longitudinal diffusion properties of normal-appearing white matter in 505 serial scans of 132 paediatric participants with acquired demyelinating syndromes followed for a median of 4.4 years, many from first clinical presentation, and 106 scans of 80 healthy paediatric participants...
March 14, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322716/bartonella-associated-transverse-myelitis
#8
Parham Sendi, Cedric Hirzel, Andreas Bloch, Urs Fischer, Natalie Jeannet, Livia Berlinger, Heinz Krestel
Each year in the United States, 500 patients are hospitalized for cat-scratch disease, caused by Bartonella henselae infection. We report a case of rare but serious neurologic B. henselae infection. When typical features of cat-scratch disease occur with neurologic findings, Bartonella infection should be suspected and diagnostic testing should be performed.
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302609/enhancing-brain-lesions-during-acute-optic-neuritis-and-or-longitudinally-extensive-transverse-myelitis-may-portend-a-higher-relapse-rate-in-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders
#9
G Orman, K Y Wang, Y Pekcevik, C B Thompson, M Mealy, M Levy, I Izbudak
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders are inflammatory demyelinating disorders with optic neuritis and/or longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis episodes. We now know that neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders are associated with antibodies to aquaporin-4, which are highly concentrated on astrocytic end-feet at the blood-brain barrier. Immune-mediated disruption of the blood-brain barrier may manifest as contrast enhancement on brain MR imaging. We aimed to delineate the extent and frequency of contrast enhancement on brain MR imaging within 1 month of optic neuritis and/or longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis attacks and to correlate contrast enhancement with outcome measures...
March 16, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298841/etiological-profile-of-noncompressive-myelopathies-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-northeast-india
#10
Ashok Kumar Kayal, Munindra Goswami, Marami Das, Lakhshya Jyoti Basumatary, Suvorit Subhas Bhowmick, Baiakmenlang Synmon
BACKGROUND: The discovery of antibodies against aquaporin-4 and evolving concepts of noncompressive myelopathies in the 21(st) century have made a major impact on the etiological profile of these diseases, with few cases turning out to be idiopathic. OBJECTIVE: To find causes of noncompressive myelopathy in a tertiary care hospital of Northeast India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational study was carried out in the Neurology Department of Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati, from September 2013 to February 2016...
January 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293214/different-phenotypes-at-onset-in-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-patients-with-aquaporin-4-autoimmunity
#11
Youming Long, Junyan Liang, Linzhan Wu, Shaopeng Lin, Cong Gao, Xiaohui Chen, Wei Qiu, Yu Yang, Xueping Zheng, Ning Yang, Min Gao, Yaotang Chen, Zhanhang Wang, Quanxi Su
BACKGROUND: Although rare, brain abnormalities without optic neuritis (ON) or transverse myelitis (TM) diagnosed with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) have been reported in patients positive for the aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody. OBJECTIVE: To analyze demographic and clinical differences among NMOSD patients without ON or TM, those with either ON or TM, and patients with simultaneous ON and TM at disease onset. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients who were positive for the AQP4 antibody, as detected using a cell-based assay, at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University in China were recruited...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281110/headache-in-neuromyelitis-optica
#12
REVIEW
Alina Masters-Israilov, Matthew S Robbins
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) classically features a clinical presentation that includes longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis and optic neuritis. However, many other pathognomonic phenomena have more recently been described in patients diagnosed with NMO, including intractable hiccups, vomiting, and painful tonic spasms, but less has been reported regarding the relationship between NMO and headache. Though headache is well established as both a symptom and comorbidity of multiple sclerosis (MS), it has been much less described thus far in the NMO literature and warrants more careful evaluation...
April 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255575/microstructural-visual-system-changes-in-aqp4-antibody-seropositive-nmosd
#13
Frederike C Oertel, Joseph Kuchling, Hanna Zimmermann, Claudia Chien, Felix Schmidt, Benjamin Knier, Judith Bellmann-Strobl, Thomas Korn, Michael Scheel, Alexander Klistorner, Klemens Ruprecht, Friedemann Paul, Alexander U Brandt
OBJECTIVE: To trace microstructural changes in patients with aquaporin-4 antibody (AQP4-ab)-seropositive neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSDs) by investigating the afferent visual system in patients without clinically overt visual symptoms or visual pathway lesions. METHODS: Of 51 screened patients with NMOSD from a longitudinal observational cohort study, we compared 6 AQP4-ab-seropositive NMOSD patients with longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) but no history of optic neuritis (ON) or other bout (NMOSD-LETM) to 19 AQP4-ab-seropositive NMOSD patients with previous ON (NMOSD-ON) and 26 healthy controls (HCs)...
May 2017: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246010/case-series-of-two-patients-with-fibrocartilaginous-embolism-mimicking-transverse-myelitis-of-the-spinal-cord
#14
Mahmoud AbdelRazek, Rabab Elsadek, Lobna Elsadek
Fibrocartilaginous Embolism (FCE) refers to the extrusion of some of the fibro-cartilaginous nucleus pulposus material from within the inter-vertebral disc to eventually embolize into one of the spinal cord vessels with resultant spinal cord infarction. According to a 2016 review, AbdelRazek et al. (2106) [1] there are 41 pathologically confirmed and 26 clinically suspected cases in the literature till the end of 2015. We add two more clinically diagnosed cases.
February 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240719/thyroid-hormone-level-is-associated-with-the-frequency-and-severity-of-acute-transverse-myelitis
#15
Yiyun Weng, Huiyue Lin, Xiaoxian Ye, Dewei Xie, Zhibo Chen, Juzeng Zheng, Zhongqian Su, Hongli Xie, Xu Zhang, Xiang Li
Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) is a progressive and autoimmune disease with inflammatory cell infiltrates into the spinal cord, and thyroid hormone (TH) level is associated with the oxidative and antioxidant status. Variations in oxidative stress and antioxidant levels are related to the pathogenesis of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Our study aimed to investigate the possible correlation between ATM and TH levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4), free triiodothyronine (FT3), and FT4/FT3...
March 22, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235212/-neuromyelitis-optica
#16
Florence Pache, Brigitte Wildemann, Friedemann Paul, Sven Jarius
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system (CNS), that predominantly affects the spinal cord and optic nerves. The neuropathologic hallmarks comprise deposits of antibodies and complement as well as loss of astrocytes, secondary degeneration of oligodendrocytes and neurons, and necrotic lesions with infiltration of neutrophilic and eosinophilic granulocytes. Pathognomonic serum autoantibodies against aquaporin-4 (AQP4-IgG, also termed NMO-IgG) are detectable in around 80 % of NMO patients and help to distinguish this rare entity from multiple sclerosis...
February 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226075/neuromyelitis-optica-phenotypic-characteristics-in-a-brazilian-case-series
#17
Maria Cristina Del Negro, Patricia Beatriz Christino Marinho, Regina Maria Papais-Alvarenga
Objective: To describe the characteristics of 34 Brazilian NMO patients. To evaluate the contribution of the 2015 criteria to the diagnosis of NMO spectrum disorders (NMOSD) in 40 patients with longitudinal extensive transverse myelitis (LEMT). Methods: This is a retrospective, descriptive and analytic study. Results: Among NMO patients, there was a predominance of women, with onset in the fourth decade of life, and AQP4-IgG seropositivity in 73...
February 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225517/longitudinal-extensive-transverse-myelitis-and-central-diabetes-insipidus-a-severe-flare-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#18
Letícia Miranda Alle Deveza, Emily Figueiredo Vieira Neves, Luciana Parente Costa Seguro, Samira Luisa Dos Apóstolos Pereira, Eloisa Bonfá, Sandra Gofinet Pasoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220287/the-yield-of-initial-conventional-mri-in-115-cases-of-angiographically-confirmed-spinal-vascular-malformations
#19
Amgad El Mekabaty, Carlos A Pardo, Philippe Gailloud
MRI is the primary screening tool for patients with myelopathy. The decision to obtain additional imaging, notably spinal angiography, is generally based on initial MRI findings. This study retrospectively analyzed the yield of initial MRI in a cohort of patients with angiographically confirmed vascular malformations. MRI obtained at symptom onset was available in 115 patients with either high-flow (29 cases) or low-flow (86 cases) vascular malformations. MRI was classified as "positive" when the report mentioned a vascular malformation or "negative" when considered normal or when another diagnosis was suggested...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215959/acute-transverse-myelitis-a-pediatric-case-report
#20
Megan Donovan, Andrew DePiero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
keyword
keyword
1288
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"