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Eastern medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426597/accommodating-immigrant-women-s-preferences-for-female-health-care-providers
#1
Christa Aubrey, Zubia Mumtaz, Patrick B Patterson, Radha Chari, B F Peter Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate obstetricians' perspectives of the importance, effect, and challenges of providing intrapartum care to immigrant women who request a female obstetrician. METHODS: A focused ethnography was conducted at a large teaching hospital, which serves a high proportion of immigrant clientele (predominantly North or East African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian) in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Data collection comprised single, semistructured interviews with a purposive sample of 20 obstetric health care providers (10 resident and 10 staff obstetricians)...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424569/current-knowledge-of-schisandra-chinensis-turcz-baill-chinese-magnolia-vine-as-a-medicinal-plant-species-a-review-on-the-bioactive-components-pharmacological-properties-analytical-and-biotechnological-studies
#2
REVIEW
Agnieszka Szopa, Radosław Ekiert, Halina Ekiert
Schisandra chinensis Turcz. (Baill.) is a plant species whose fruits have been well known in Far Eastern medicine for a long time. However, schisandra seems to be a plant still underestimated in contemporary therapy still in the countries of East Asia. The article presents latest available information on the chemical composition of this plant species. Special attention is given to dibenzo cyclooctadiene lignans. In addition, recent studies of the biological activity of dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans and schisandra fruit extracts are recapitulated...
2017: Phytochemistry Reviews: Proceedings of the Phytochemical Society of Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420539/hta-and-decision-making-processes-in-central-eastern-and-south-eastern-europe-results-from-a-survey
#3
Leticia García-Mochón, Jaime Espín Balbino, Antonio Olry de Labry Lima, Araceli Caro Martinez, Eva Martin Ruiz, Román Pérez Velasco
OBJECTIVE: To gain knowledge and insights on health technology assessment (HTA) and decision-making processes in Central, Eastern and South Eastern Europe (CESEE) countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed. Based on the literature, a questionnaire was developed in a multi-stage process. The questionnaire was arranged according to 5 broad domains: (i) introduction/country settings; (ii) use of HTA in the country; (iii) decision-making process; (iv) implementation of decisions; and (v) HTA and decision-making: future challenges...
March 31, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403838/a-dalbergia-odorifera-extract-improves-the-survival-of-endotoxemia-model-mice-by-inhibiting-hmgb1-release
#4
Hyuk Soo Choi, Jin-A Park, Jung Seok Hwang, Sun Ah Ham, Taesik Yoo, Won Jin Lee, Kyung Shin Paek, Ho-Chul Shin, Chi-Ho Lee, Han Geuk Seo
BACKGROUND: Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen (Leguminosae) is an indigenous medicinal herb that is widely used as a popular remedy in northern and eastern Asia. However, the cellular mechanisms underlying the biological activity of D. odorifera are not fully elucidated. METHODS: Anti-inflammatory effect of D. odorifera extract (DOE) was determined through intraperitoneal injection in a mouse model of endotoxemia induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). RAW 264.7 cells, a murine macrophage, were also treated with LPS to generate a cellular model of inflammation, and investigated the anti-inflammatory activity and underlying mechanisms of DOE and its constituent isoliquiritigenin...
April 12, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399215/eleutherococcus-senticosus-araliaceae-leaf-morpho-anatomy-essential-oil-composition-and-its-biological-activity-against-aedes-aegypti-diptera-culicidae
#5
Chunmei Zhai, Mei Wang, Vijayasankar Raman, Junaid U Rehman, Yonghai Meng, Jianping Zhao, Bharathi Avula, Yan-Hong Wang, Zhenkun Khan, Ikhlas A Khan
The roots of Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim., a well-known medicinal plant from Eastern Asia, are used worldwide for their known beneficial medicinal properties. Recently, the leaves have been used as an alternative to the roots. The present study was aimed at exploring the leaf essential oil as a potential source of compounds for mosquito management. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis of the leaf essential oil revealed 87 compounds, constituting 95.2% of the oil. α-Bisabolol (26...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388920/bacterial-flora-of-combat-wounds-from-eastern-ukraine-and-time-specified-changes-of-bacterial-recovery-during-treatment-in-ukrainian-military-hospital
#6
Kovalchuk P Valentine, Kondratiuk M Viacheslav
BACKGROUND: Microbiology of modern war wounds is unique for each military conflict. Climatic and geographical features of the theater of war, contemporary warfare as well as wound management affect the microbial flora of wounds. This study was designed to determine time-specific microbial flora of combat wounds of upper and lower extremities obtained during the war in eastern Ukraine. METHODS: The patients enrolled in study had combat wounds of upper or lower extremities which were treated in the Military Medical Clinical Center of Central Region...
April 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384888/perception-of-learning-environment-among-undergraduate-medical-students-in-two-different-medical-schools-through-dreem-and-jhles-questionnaire
#7
Parama Sengupta, Abhishek Sharma, Nina Das
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of learning environment is essential to assess the acceptability of the curriculum among students. Several tools are available to assess undergraduate medical students' perception of learning environment. Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) questionnaire is the most commonly used tool. Here, we have used both the widely used DREEM questionnaire and a relatively new questionnaire Johns Hopkins Learning Environment Scale (JHLES). AIM: Assessment of students' perception of learning environment of two eastern Indian medical schools using DREEM and JHLES questionnaire...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383381/accommodating-immigrant-women-s-preferences-for-female-health-care-providers
#8
Christa Aubrey, Zubia Mumtaz, Patrick B Patterson, Radha Chari, B F Peter Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate obstetricians' perspectives of the importance, effect, and challenges of providing intrapartum care to immigrant women who request a female obstetrician. METHODS: A focused ethnography was conducted at a large teaching hospital, which serves a high proportion of immigrant clientele (predominantly North or East African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian) in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Data collection comprised single, semistructured interviews with a purposive sample of 20 obstetric health care providers (10 resident and 10 staff obstetricians)...
April 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379171/restoration-of-tear-secretion-in-a-murine-dry-eye-model-by-oral-administration-of-palmitoleic-acid
#9
Yuki Kimura, Daisuke Mori, Toshihiro Imada, Yusuke Izuta, Michiko Shibuya, Hisayo Sakaguchi, Erina Oonishi, Naoko Okada, Kenji Matsumoto, Kazuo Tsubota
Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides)-derived products have traditionally been used as food and medicinal ingredients in Eastern countries. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of oral intake of sea buckthorn oil products on tear secretion using a murine dry eye model. Orally administered sea buckthorn pulp oil (not seed oil) restored aqueous tear secretion to its normal value under a dry eye condition. Palmitoleate (C16:1), a fatty acid present in sea buckthorn pulp oil, preserved tear secretion and suppressed inflammatory cytokines in the lacrimal gland to the same extent as that by pulp oil...
April 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377044/gene-therapy-for-%C3%AE-hemoglobinopathies
#10
REVIEW
Marina Cavazzana, Chiara Antoniani, Annarita Miccio
β-Thalassemia and sickle cell disease (SCD) are the world's two most widely disseminated hereditary hemoglobinopathies. β-Thalassemia originated in the Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, and Asian regions, and SCD originated in central Africa. However, subsequent population migration means that these two diseases are now global and thus constitute a growing health problem in many countries. Despite remarkable improvements in medical care for patients with β-hemoglobinopathies, there is still only one definitive treatment option: allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation...
April 1, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375136/review-antiurolithiatic-plants-formulations-used-in-different-countries-and-cultures
#11
Salman Ahmed, Muhammad Mohtasheemul Hasan, Zafar Alam Mahmood
About 12% of world population is affected by different forms of urolithiasis in which the recurrence rate in female is 47-60% and in male is 70-80%. According to WHO 75% people rely on traditional medicines for the prevention and cure of different ailments. Similarly, the majority of the world population use a number of plants to treat problems related to the urinary tract system in which urolithiasis is the major cause. The aim of the review is to collect the data of the plants used in different parts and cultures of the world against urolithiasis with their parts, mode of preparation, dosage and administration...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369523/desomorphine-screening-using-commercial-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assays
#12
Jessica Winborn, Sarah Kerrigan
Desomorphine ("Krokodil") is a semi-synthetic opioid that has drawn attention as a recreational drug, particularly in Russia, neighboring former Soviet Republics, Eastern and Central Europe. It has no accepted medicinal uses and is currently a schedule I drug in the United States. In clandestine environments, desomorphine is synthesized from codeine using red phosphorous, hydroiodic acid and gasoline. Residual starting materials in illicit preparations have been associated with severe dermatological effects and extensive tissue necrosis...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346842/reconnecting-the-body-in-eastern-and-western-medicine
#13
Helene M Langevin, Rosa N Schnyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345357/new-bisesquiterpenoid-lactone-from-the-wild-rhizome-of-atractylodes-macrocephala-koidz-grown-in-qimen
#14
Yunzhi Li, Min Dai, Daiyin Peng
The rhizomes of Atractylodes macrocephala are used as both a food source and traditional Chinese medicine in China. A phytochemical investigation was carried out on wild A. macrocephala grown in Qimen County in eastern China, and yielded a novel bisesquiterpenoid lactone, namely, biatractylenolide II (1), along with two known compounds, atractylenolide II (2) and taraxeryl acetate (3). The structure and relative configuration of the new compound were elucidated mainly by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic methods in combination with HRESIMS experiments...
March 27, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335791/fischer-s-plants-in-folk-beliefs-and-customs-a-previously-unknown-contribution-to-the-ethnobotany-of-the-polish-lithuanian-belarusian-borderland
#15
Monika Kujawska, Piotr Klepacki, Łukasz Łuczaj
BACKGROUND: Historical ethnobotanical studies are useful starting points for further diachronic analysis. The aim of this contribution is to present archival data from the Polish-Lithuanian-Belarusian borderland, which were collected by Adam Fischer, a Polish ethnographer from Lviv, in the 1930s. These data were originally gathered for publication in the first part of the Lexicon of Slavic beliefs and customs, dedicated to plant uses in traditional Slavonic culture. It was intended to be a joint international enterprise, but was never actually fulfilled...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329560/patient-provider-communication-concordance-and-ratings-of-care-in-dermatology-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Valerie M Harvey, Uchechukwu Ozoemena, Joan Paul, Hind A Beydoun, Nashay N Clemetson, Ginette A Okoye
ObjectiveTo determine the impact of race concordance on patient perception of quality of dermatologic care.Study designCross-sectional study.SettingAcademic outpatient practices in the Departments of Dermatology of Eastern Virginia Medical School and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.ParticipantsThe study cohort comprised 124 participants including 6 providers and 118 established patients.Main Outcome MeasuresWe hypothesized, a priori, that patients in race-discordant dyads would report lower ratings of participatory decision-making (PDM), satisfaction, trust in the provider, and similarities with providers...
November 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323048/comparison-of-lamiaceae-medicinal-uses-in-eastern-morocco-and-eastern-andalusia-and-in-ibn-al-baytar-s-compendium-of-simple-medicaments-13th-century-ce
#17
Asmae El-Gharbaoui, Guillermo Benítez, M Reyes González-Tejero, Joaquín Molero-Mesa, Abderrahmane Merzouki
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Transmission of traditional knowledge over time and across culturally and historically related territories is an important topic in ethnopharmacology. Here, we contribute to this knowledge by analysing data on medicinal uses in two neighbouring areas of the Western Mediterranean in relation to a historical text that has been scarcely mentioned in historical studies despite its interest. AIM OF THE STUDY: This paper discusses the sharing of popular knowledge on the medicinal uses of plants between eastern Morocco and eastern Andalusia (Spain), focusing on one of the most useful plant families in the Mediterranean area: Lamiaceae...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275251/peer-reviewed-public-health-journals-from-arabic-speaking-countries-an-updated-snapshot
#18
Basil H Aboul-Enein, Joshua Bernstein, Jacquelyn E Bowser
There is a positive association between availability of regional peer-reviewed public health information systems and progressive change in community and population health. The objective of this brief report was to identify public health journals in Arabic-speaking countries actively publishing as of 2016. We conducted an electronic search in several electronic database records for public health journals using a combination of search terms. We excluded journals that focused on human medicine, veterinary medicine, nursing, and other discipline-specific or clinical health professions...
February 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273485/clinical-factors-of-response-in-patients-with-advanced-ovarian-cancer-participating-in-early-phase-clinical-trials
#19
Angela George, Rebecca Kristeleit, Saeed Rafii, Caroline O Michie, Rebecca Bowen, Vasiliki Michalarea, Tom van Hagen, Mabel Wong, Grigorios Rallis, L Rhoda Molife, Juanita Lopez, Udai Banerji, Susana N Banerjee, Martin E Gore, Johann S de Bono, Stan B Kaye, Timothy A Yap
Drug resistance to conventional anticancer therapies is almost inevitable in patients with advanced ovarian cancer (AOC), limiting their available treatment options. Novel phase I trial therapies within a dedicated drug development unit may represent a viable alternative; however, there is currently little evidence for patient outcomes in such patients. To address this, we undertook a retrospective review of patients with AOC allocated to phase I trials in the Drug Development Unit at Royal Marsden Hospital (RMH) between June 1998 and October 2010...
March 5, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271872/barriers-to-and-opportunities-for-palliative-care-development-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#20
REVIEW
Ibtihal Fadhil, Gemma Lyons, Sheila Payne
The 22 countries of WHO's Eastern Mediterranean Region are experiencing an increase in the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including cancer. Of the six WHO regions, the Eastern Mediterranean Region is projected to have the greatest increase in cancer incidence in the next 15 years. Furthermore, most cancers are diagnosed at a late stage, resulting in a lower cancer survival rate than in the European Region and the Region of the Americas. With increasing numbers of deaths from cancer, palliative care should be available to relieve suffering in patients with advanced disease and at the end of life...
March 2017: Lancet Oncology
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