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Eastern medicine

Jia-Hui Xing, Yi-Fei Sun, Yu-Li Han, Bao-Kai Cui, Yu-Cheng Dai
Ganoderma is a cosmopolitan white rot fungal genus, famous for its medicinal properties. In the present study, two new Ganoderma species were collected from south-eastern China and described on the basis of morphological characters and phylogenetic analyses of sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, the translation elongation factor 1-α gene (EF1-α) and the second subunit of RNA polymerase II (RPB2). Specimens of both species were found on living trees of Casuarina equisetifolia . Ganoderma angustisporum sp...
2018: MycoKeys
Marilena Gilca, George Sorin Tiplica, Carmen Maria Salavastru
The geographic and ecologic specificity of Romania and other Eastern European countries has resulted in the development of an exceptional diversity of medicinal plants. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of the ethnobotanical dermatology practices based on the use of medicinal plants in this region. The indications, ethnopharmacologic activities, parts used, and administration of 106 medicinal plants are provided. We also discuss the relative importance of these species, using two modified indices of quantitative ethnobotany: Use Value Index and Relative Dermatologic Importance, which were calculated on the basis of etic constructions (indications and ethnopharmacologic activities)...
May 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
Nazar AbdulLateef Jassim, Yasameen Abbas Humadi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Biosimilars are of growing importance worldwide, and many leading countries are introducing them in their health care systems and are using them in many fields of medicine owing to their low price tags in comparison with the brands and to their similarities in terms of function and side effects. So we cannot look past them and continue to rely on the innovator drugs since many had proven their efficacies in number of researches and Trials, not to mention the burden that many diseases pose on the budgets of the third world countries making using a lower priced alternatives a much appealing choice for the decision makers...
June 13, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reports
Holger Fröhlich, Sabyasachi Patjoshi, Kristina Yeghiazaryan, Christina Kehrer, Walther Kuhn, Olga Golubnitschaja
Background: The breast cancer (BC) epidemic is a multifactorial disease attributed to the early twenty-first century: about two million of new cases and half a million deaths are registered annually worldwide. New trends are emerging now: on the one hand, with respect to the geographical BC prevalence and, on the other hand, with respect to the age distribution. Recent statistics demonstrate that young populations are getting more and more affected by BC in both Eastern and Western countries...
June 2018: EPMA Journal
Alexandre Assuane Duarte, Shahriar Mohsin, Olga Golubnitschaja
Diabetes mellitus (DM) epidemic-on a global scale-is a major and snowballing threat to public health, healthcare systems and economy, due to the cascade of pathologies triggered in a long-term manner after the DM manifestation. There are remarkable differences in the geographic disease spread and acceleration of an increasing DM prevalence recorded. Specifically, the highest initial prevalence of DM was recorded in the Eastern-Mediterranean region in 1980 followed by the highest acceleration of the epidemic characterised by 0...
June 2018: EPMA Journal
Xuemei Zhang, Rui Niu, Bianling Feng, Jiadong Guo, Ying Liu, Xinyu Liu
BACKGROUND: Although China's adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting and monitoring has developed rapidly, many challenges remain. This study assessed ADR monitoring and reporting in China and identified monitoring problems. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted of ADR reporting institutions in six Chinese provinces in April-December 2014. Questionnaires assessed ADR systems, basic resources, and pharmacovigilance activity. RESULTS: Of 720 questionnaires distributed, the response rate was 81...
June 8, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Anna Song, Wankyu Eo, Sehyun Kim, Bumsang Shim, Sookyung Lee
BACKGROUND: Advanced hepatobiliary cancers are highly lethal cancers that require precise prediction in clinical practice. Serum ferritin level increases in malignancy and high serum ferritin level is associated with poor survival in various cancers. This study aimed to identify whether serum ferritin could independently predict the overall survival (OS) of patients with advanced hepatobiliary cancers. METHODS: The retrospective cohort study was performed by reviewing medical records of patients with advanced hepatobiliary cancers from June 2006 to September 2016...
June 7, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Osamu Morinaga
 The scientific evaluation of crude drugs and kampo medicines (KMs) was demonstrated using the eastern blotting method with monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against bioactive natural compounds. Scutellariae radix is one of the most important crude drugs used in KMs. Part of its pharmaceutical properties is due to the flavone glycoside baicalin (BI). A quantitative analysis method based on eastern blotting was developed for BI using an anti-BI MAb. A rapid, simple, sensitive, specific analytical system was subsequently established for BI with the eastern blotting technique using dot-blot and chemiluminescent methods...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
A Ngorima, C M Shackleton
The negative effects of invasive alien species (IAS) are increasingly invoked to justify widespread and usually top-down approaches for their management or eradication. However, very little of the research or discourse is based on investigating local perceptions, uses and struggles with IAS, and how their presence influences and changes local livelihoods. The objective of this study was to assess the perceptions and livelihood uses of Acacia dealbata by local communities at three localities in the montane grasslands of the Eastern Cape, South Africa, using a combination of random household interviews, focus group discussions and participatory tools...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Jennifer L Moore, Svein Friis, Ian D Graham, Elisabeth Troøyen Gundersen, Jan E Nordvik
BACKGROUND: The South Eastern Health Region in Norway serves approximately 2.8 million people, which is more than half of Norway's population. Physical medicine and rehabilitation services are provided by 9 public hospital trusts and 30 private rehabilitation facilities. The purposes of this study were to conduct a psychometric analysis of the EBP Implementation Scale (EBPIS) and describe rehabilitation clinicians' self-reported 1) use of evidence-based practices (EBPs), 2) use of EBPs across hospitals, and 3) determine factors associated with use of EBPs in the South Eastern Health Region in Norway...
May 25, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Colin Hill, Susan Mills, Reynolds P Ross
Bacteriophages, which lost out to antibiotic therapy in the past, may be poised to make a comeback. Once discarded because of their narrow activity spectrum, it can now be viewed as a major advantage that these intracellular, self-replicating entities can exert their killing effect with minimal damage to the commensal microbiome. In eastern Europe, phages continue to be used both prophylactically and therapeutically to treat infections. More recently, much needed regulated clinical trials are underway with a view to restoring phage therapy as a tool for mainstream medicine, although current regulations may impede their full potential...
May 24, 2018: Future Microbiology
Khadija Sellami, Madiha Mseddi, Mouna Snoussi, Hela Gharbi, Faten Frikha, Rayda Ben Salah, Moez Jallouli, Sameh Marzouk, Abderrahmen Masmoudi, Zouhir Bahloul, Hamida Turki
INTRODUCTION: The prognosis of dermatomyositis (DM)/polymyositis (PM) in adults is partly related to their association with neoplasia. The aim of our study was to report the epidemiologic, clinical, paraclinical, therapeutic and evolutionary aspects of DM associated with malignancy in patients from Sfax, south eastern of Tunisia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients with DM or PM admitted in Dermatology and Internal Medicine Departments of Hedi Chaker University Hospital of Sfax between 1996 and 2015...
May 21, 2018: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
Xiang Dong Su, Rui Hong Guo, Seo Young Yang, Young Ho Kim, Young Ran Kim
Sanguisorba officinalis L. is a traditional herbal medicine, which is prevailingly applied to cure hemorrhoids, wounds and ulcers in Eastern Asian countries. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antibacterial and soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitory effects of the extracts and components from S. officinalis. The methanol extract was divided into ethyl acetate (EtOAc), n-butanol (n-BuOH), and water layers. In our screening procedure, the EtOAc and n-BuOH extracts and compounds (1-2) remarkably suppressed the growth of V...
May 23, 2018: Natural Product Research
Ivanka Muršić, Igor Kuric, Marija Raguž, Tatjana Kovačević, Dora Muršić
Scabies and pediculosis are common parasitic infestations of the skin and hair, manifesting with intense pruritus and effectively treated with modern medications. Because of the attached social stigma linking it with poverty and poor hygiene, patients will often attempt alternative folk-based remedies before confiding in their physicians. We conducted a comprehensive bibliographical study of historic folk literature and interviewed 70 individuals experienced in everyday application of folk medicine in order to categorize available remedies and provide a modern, scientific comment on their effectiveness and dangers...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Dirk Deleu, Boulenouar Mesraoua, Beatriz Canibaño, Gayane Melikyan, Hassan Al Hail, Lubna El-Sheikh, Musab Ali, Hassan Al Hussein, Faiza Ibrahim, Yolande Hanssens
The introduction of new disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) for remitting-relapsing multiple sclerosis (RRMS) have considerably transformed the landscape of therapeutic opportunities for this chronic disabling disease. Unlike injectable drugs, oral DMTs, promote patient satisfaction and increase therapeutic adherence. This article reviews the salient features about the mode of action, efficacy, safety and tolerability profile of approved oral DMTs in RRMS and reviews their place in clinical algorithms in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region...
May 15, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Piotr Krakowiak, Renata Deka, Anna Janowicz
Democracy in Eastern Europe arrived after a long fight with a communist regime, and the activities of medical volunteers have been developing in opposition to the existing then in Poland mentality called Homo Sovieticus. From 1981 onwards the Polish Hospice Movement there was inspired by practitioners and international experiences brought by visits of Dr. Cicely Saunders. The history of modern end-of-life care in Poland was connected to caring communities, which could be called compassionate, because of the volunteering of all hospice team members...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
Tomoko Akase
Doctors give prescriptions after considering the medical conditions of patients. Pharmacists check the prescription and give information about the effects of the drugs to the patients, including their side effects. Nurses observe patients to determine the effects and side effects of the administered drugs, and then report these to doctors. Each specialist plays a role, allowing medication to be completed. However, in order to fully attain the effects of a drug, we need to consider the method of its administration...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
Jeremiah Oshiomame Unuofin, Gloria Aderonke Otunola, Anthony Jide Afolayan
Vernonia mespilifolia Less. is a shrub of the Asteraceae family used in the South African traditional medicine system for the management of weight loss, hypertension, and heartwater disease. There is a need for scientific evaluation to validate its ethnomedicinal usage. In vitro assays were conducted to evaluate the polyphenolic content, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of different solvent extracts (acetone, aqueous, and ethanol) of the whole plant of Vernonia mespilifolia spectrophotometric and agar dilution techniques, respectively...
January 2018: Journal of evidence-based integrative medicine
Noemi Tocci, Daniele Perenzoni, Duilio Iamonico, Francesca Fava, Tobias Weil, Fulvio Mattivi
During the last two decades incidences of fungal infections dramatically increased and the often accompanying failure of available antifungal therapies represents a substantial clinical problem. The urgent need for novel antimycotics called particular attention to the study of natural products. The genus Hypericum includes many species that are used in the traditional medicine to treat pathological states like inflammations and infections caused by fungi. However, despite the diffused use of Hypericum -based products the antifungal potential of the genus is still poorly investigated...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Ahmed Mandil, Fadi El-Jardali, Samar El-Feky, Mohamed Nour, Mazen Al-Abbar, Lama Bou-Karroum
Background: Research-conducive environments are mandatory for planning, implementing and translating research findings into evidence-informed health policies. Aim: This study aimed at comprehensive situation analysis of health research institutions in the Region. Methods: We collected data on: institutional characteristics, research scope, capacity building, ethics, governance and resources. Results: We contacted 575 institutions, of which, 223 (38...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
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