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Eastern medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219385/language-support-for-linguistic-minority-chronic-hepatitis-b-c-patients-an-exploratory-study-of-availability-and-clinicians-perceptions-of-language-barriers-in-six-european-countries
#1
Abby M Falla, Irene K Veldhuijzen, Amena A Ahmad, Miriam Levi, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: Language support for linguistic minorities can improve patient safety, clinical outcomes and the quality of health care. Most chronic hepatitis B/C infections in Europe are detected among people born in endemic countries mostly in Africa, Asia and Central/Eastern Europe, groups that may experience language barriers when accessing health care services in their host countries. We investigated availability of interpreters and translated materials for linguistic minority hepatitis B/C patients...
February 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216722/interdepartmental-dermatology-characteristics-and-impact-of-dermatology-inpatient-referrals-at-a-teaching-hospital-in-eastern-india
#2
Satyendra Nath Chowdhury, Indrasish Podder, Abanti Saha, Debabrata Bandyopadhyay
BACKGROUND: Dermatology is primarily considered to be an outpatient-centered specialty. However, several inpatient admissions to other specialties require dermatologic consultation for optimum management. AIMS: To analyze the causes of inpatient dermatology referrals, departments sending referrals, and impact of dermatology consultation on patient management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study by analyzing the records of 486 patient referrals over a 4-year period...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205539/regionalization-of-chinese-material-medical-quality-based-on-maximum-entropy-model-a-case-study-of-atractylodes-lancea
#3
Zhu Shoudong, Peng Huasheng, Guo Lanping, Xu Tongren, Zhang Yan, Chen Meilan, Hao Qingxiu, Kang Liping, Huang Luqi
Atractylodes is an East-Asiatic endemic genera that distributed in China, Japan and Russian Far Eastern. As an important resource of medicinal plant, atractylodes has long been used as herbal medicine. To example the significant features in its trueborn quality and geographical distribution, we explored the relationships between medicine quality and habitat suitability in two classifications-lower atractylodin content than the standard of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2010) and the other has higher content. We found that the atractylodin content is negatively related to the habitat suitability for atractylodes with lower atractylodin, while the atractylodin content is positively related to the habitat suitability for those with higher atractylodin...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203619/variation-in-the-response-of-eastern-and-southern-africa-provenances-of-faidherbia-albida-delile-a-chev-seedlings-to-water-supply-a-greenhouse-experiment
#4
Grace Koech, Daniel Ofori, Anne W T Muigai, Jonathan Muriuki, Parveen Anjarwalla, Jan De Leeuw, Jeremias G Mowo
Rural communities value Faidherbia albida in farming systems and pastoralism. Faidherbia albida provides products such as medicine, fodder, fuel, wood, food and services such as shade, soil fertility and nutrient cycling. Excessive browsing by animals, branch lopping and pod harvesting, have critically reduced the natural regeneration in some areas which exposes it to challenges due to dependence upon natural regeneration. The objective of this research was to evaluate response of Faidherbia albida provenances from eastern (Taveta Wangingombe) and southern Africa (Lupaso, Kuiseb Manapools) to different watering regimes to aid in selection of provenances for domestication...
October 2016: Global Ecology and Conservation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192744/revisiting-informal-payments-in-29-transitional-countries-the-scale-and-socio-economic-correlates
#5
Nazim Habibov, Alex Cheung
This study assesses informal payments (IPs) in 29 transitional countries using a fully comparable household survey. The countries of the former Soviet Union, especially those in the Caucasus and Central Asia, exhibit the highest scale of IPs, followed by Southern Europe, and then Eastern Europe. The lowest and the highest scale of IPs were in Slovenia (2.7%) and Azerbaijan (73.9%) respectively. We found that being from a wealthier household, experiencing lower quality of healthcare in the form of long waiting times, lack of medicines, absence of personnel, and disrespectful treatment, and having relatives to help when needed, are associated with a higher odds ratio of IPs...
February 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168109/investigation-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-among-symptomatic-children-in-hangzhou-from-2007-to-2014-a-retrospective-study-with-12-796-cases
#6
Xiaoli Shu, Mingfang Ping, Guofeng Yin, Mizu Jiang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The infection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is acquired in childhood and the prevalence vary greatly in different countries and regions. The study aimed to investigate the characteristics of H. pylori infection among children with gastrointestinal symptoms in Hangzhou, a representative city of eastern China. METHODS: A systematic surveillance of H. pylori infection according to the (13)C-urea breath test was conducted from January 2007 to December 2014 in the Children's hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166580/outcomes-of-embedded-care-management-in-a-family-medicine-residency-patient-centered-medical-home
#7
Robert J Newman, Richard Bikowski, Kristy Nakayama, Tina Cunningham, Pam Acker, Dana Bradshaw
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Much attention is devoted nationally to preventing hospital readmissions and emergency department (ED) use, given the high cost of this care. There is a growing body of evidence from the Patient Centered Primary Care Collaborative that a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model successfully lowers these costs. Our study evaluates a specific intervention in a family medicine residency PCMH to decrease readmissions and ED utilization using an embedded care manager...
January 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155237/the-use-of-potentially-inappropriate-medications-among-the-lithuanian-elderly-according-to-beers-and-eu-7-pim-list-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study-on-reimbursement-claims-data
#8
D Grina, V Briedis
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The prevalence and risk factors for prescribing and using potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) has been extensively researched in Western Europe and the United States of America; however, research in Central and Eastern Europe remains highly limited. According to a recent systematic review, the overall estimated weighted prevalence of PIM prescribing in community-dwelling elderly in Europe (expressed as a percentage of patients or prescriptions with ≥1 PIM) was 22·6% (95% CI: 19·5%-26·7%)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143544/an-overview-of-the-practitioner-research-and-collaboration-initiative-praci-a-practice-based-research-network-for-complementary-medicine
#9
Amie Steel, David Sibbritt, Janet Schloss, Jon Wardle, Matthew Leach, Helene Diezel, Jon Adams
BACKGROUND: The Practitioner Research and Collaboration Initiative (PRACI) is an innovative, multi-modality practice-based research network (PBRN) that represents fourteen complementary medicine (CM) professions across Australia. It is the largest known PBRN for complementary healthcare in the world and was launched in 2015. The purpose of this paper is to provide an update on the progress of the PRACI project, including a description of the characteristics of PRACI members in order to facilitate further sub-studies through the PRACI PBRN...
February 1, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140734/ethno-medicinal-documentation-of-polyherbal-medicines-used-for-the-treatment-of-tuberculosis-in-amathole-district-municipality-of-the-eastern-cape-province-south-africa
#10
Elizabeth Bosede Famewo, Anna Maria Clarke, Anthony Jide Afolayan
CONTEXT: Tuberculosis (TB) has remained a devastating global public health problem. In the continuing search for effective treatment, polyherbal remedies used as alternative medicines in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa were surveyed. OBJECTIVE: The survey collected information and documents the list of ingredients such as the name of the plants used including the non-herbal inclusions, type and dosage of polyherbal formulations used for the treatment of TB...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125568/cluster-of-an-unusual-amnestic-syndrome-massachusetts-2012-2016
#11
Jed A Barash, Nick Somerville, Alfred DeMaria
In November 2015, a neurologist in the Boston, Massachusetts, area reported four cases of an uncommon amnestic syndrome involving acute and complete ischemia of both hippocampi, as identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH) (1). A subsequent e-mail alert, generated by the Massachusetts Board of Registration in Medicine and sent to relevant medical specialists (including neurologists, neuroradiologists, and emergency physicians), resulted in the identification of 10 additional cases that had occurred during 2012-2016...
January 27, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121686/at-a-crossroads-family-medicine-education-in-china
#12
Dan Wu, Tai Pong Lam
China is engaged in efforts to train 300,000 family doctors by 2020 to meet its population's health care needs. This Article discusses the family doctor shortage, compares family medicine training programs, examines the distributional challenges faced by these programs, and proposes directions for further experimentation. Despite an increasing number of family doctors, they represented only 5.6% of all doctors in 2013. Currently, three training programs run concurrently-the post-transfer training, residency training, and designated family medicine undergraduate education programs...
February 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121272/multivariate-characterization-of-elements-accumulated-in-wolfiporia-extensa-mushroom-from-yunnan-province-of-china
#13
Jing Sun, Ji Zhang, Yuanzhong Wang
Dried sclerotia of Wolfiporia extensa have been used as medicine in Asia from Eastern Han Dynasty, and also used as traditional snack called "fulingjiabing" in Beijing, China. In this paper, 18 macro and trace elements (Ag, As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Ni, Pb, Rb, Se, Sr, V, and Zn) in both flesh and peel of Wolfiporia extensa from seven sites of Yunnan province in China were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer. The average recovery rates of certified reference materials for GBW10015 (spinach leaves) ranged from 90...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115974/lippia-javanica-burm-f-spreng-traditional-and-commercial-uses-and-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-significance-in-the-african-and-indian-subcontinent
#14
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Lippia javanica occurs naturally in central, eastern, and southern Africa and has also been recorded in the tropical Indian subcontinent. The potential of L. javanica as herbal or recreational tea and herbal medicine and its associated phytochemistry and biological properties are reviewed. The extensive literature survey revealed that L. javanica is used as herbal tea and has ethnomedicinal applications such as in colds, cough, fever, malaria, wounds, diarrhoea, chest pains, bronchitis, and asthma. Multiple classes of phytochemicals including volatile and nonvolatile secondary metabolites such as alkaloids, amino acids, flavonoids, iridoids, and triterpenes as well as several minerals have been identified from L...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114092/-utilization-of-technological-resources-within-the-framework-of-operation-of-a-mobile-mental-health-unit
#15
D Garoni, D Sarantidis, K Katsadoros
Telepsychiatry was introduced in the early 1950's for the provision of mental health services from a distance. In 1990 the progress made in telecommunications technologies caused a significant expansion in telepsychiatry services. It can refer to store and forward technologies, interactive technologies, remote monitoring technologies and it is applied to contribute to the lift of restrictions placed on providing mental health services. Restrictions may exist due to geographic isolation, lack of specialized services, high cost of moving patients etc...
October 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109300/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-in-tamarind-tamarindus-indica-l-use-and-conservation-in-eastern-uganda
#16
Esther Ebifa-Othieno, Antony Mugisha, Philip Nyeko, John David Kabasa
BACKGROUND: Tamarindus indica L is one of the indigenous fruit tree species that traditionally contributes to food security and ecosystem stability in sub-Saharan Africa. We hypothesized that the indigenous people of Eastern Uganda have used T. indica for generations and developed practices that promote its conservation and therefore we expected that they possess an elaborate indigenous knowledge (IK) system and that most of them have planted the species. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of IK, attitudes and practices on the use and conservation of T...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087986/barriers-to-access-to-opioid-medicines-for-patients-with-opioid-dependence-a-review-of-legislation-and-regulations-in-eleven-central-and-eastern-european-countries
#17
Marjolein J M Vranken, Aukje K Mantel-Teeuwisse, Saskia Jünger, Lukas Radbruch, Willem Scholten, John A Lisman, Marija Subataite, Marie-Hélène D B Schutjens
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Barriers linked to drug control systems are considered to contribute to inequitable access to controlled medicines, leaving millions of people in pain and suffering. Most studies focus on access to opioids for the treatment of severe (cancer) pain. This study aims to identify specific access barriers for patients with opioid dependence in legislation and regulations of 11 central and eastern European countries. METHODS: This study builds on a previous analysis of legislation and regulations as part of the EU 7th Framework Access To Opioid Medication in Europe (ATOME) project...
January 14, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053893/bryophytes-hoard-of-remedies-an-ethno-medicinal-review
#18
REVIEW
Satish Chandra, Dinesh Chandra, Anupam Barh, Pankaj, Raj Kumar Pandey, Ishwar Prakash Sharma
Bryophytes are the second largest group of land plants after angiosperms. There is very less knowledge available about medicinal properties of these plants. Bryophytes are popular remedy among the tribal people of different parts of the world. Tribal people use these plants to cure various ailments in their daily lives. Bryophytes are used to cure hepatic disorders, skin diseases, cardiovascular diseases, used as antipyretic, antimicrobial, wound healing and many more other ailments by different tribal communities of Africa, America, Europe, Poland, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, Turkey, Japan, Taiwan, Pakistan, China, Nepal and different parts of South, North and Eastern India...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052061/integrated-genomic-characterization-of-oesophageal-carcinoma
#19
(no author information available yet)
Oesophageal cancers are prominent worldwide; however, there are few targeted therapies and survival rates for these cancers remain dismal. Here we performed a comprehensive molecular analysis of 164 carcinomas of the oesophagus derived from Western and Eastern populations. Beyond known histopathological and epidemiologic distinctions, molecular features differentiated oesophageal squamous cell carcinomas from oesophageal adenocarcinomas. Oesophageal squamous cell carcinomas resembled squamous carcinomas of other organs more than they did oesophageal adenocarcinomas...
January 12, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043511/situational-analysis-of-tuberculosis-control-programs-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-gaps-and-solutions
#20
Samiha Baghdadi
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to highlight the key challenges and the strategic directions to scale-up tuberculosis (TB) care in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR); to review TB burden in EMR, and evaluate the progress toward Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) targets by 2015; to identify the main obstacles for optimal TB care toward TB elimination; and to provide strategic directions to address the key challenges. The Eastern Mediterranean Region is composed of 22 countries with 648 million populations...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
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