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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209958/moxibustion-therapy-in-traditional-mongolian-medicine
#1
Tae-Hun Kim, Do-Hoon Kim, Seong Gyu Lee
From the medical history of traditional Eastern Asian and Tibetan medicine, the origin and development of moxibustion seems to be closely related to Mongolia. To explore the current clinical practice of moxibustion in Mongolia, we visited a teaching hospital, the Traditional Medical Science, Technology and Production Corporation of Mongolia, in February 2014. Many types of moxibustion are found to be used, and various modalities and methods are practiced based on the principles of traditional Mongolian medicine...
December 5, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182956/unintentional-mortality-associated-with-paracetamol-and-codeine-preparations-with-and-without-doxylamine-in-australia
#2
Ria E Hopkins, Malcolm Dobbin, Jennifer L Pilgrim
INTRODUCTION: Misuse of paracetamol, codeine and doxylamine combination analgesics may lead to addiction and mortality. This study aimed to (1) identify unintentional deaths in Australia associated with use of combination analgesic products containing paracetamol, codeine and doxylamine; (2) describe cases characteristics, including demographics and additional medication use; and (3) identify common factors associated with misuse and mortality of these medicines in Australia. DESIGN: This retrospective case series analysed National Coronial Information System data to identify cases of unintentional death attributable to paracetamol, codeine and doxylamine products between 2002 and 2012...
November 23, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175114/phytochemical-portfolio-and-anticancer-activity-of-murraya-koenigii-and-its-primary-active-component-mahanine
#3
REVIEW
Suman Kumar Samanta, Raghuram Kandimalla, Bhaskarjyoti Gogoi, Krishna Nayani Dutta, Paramita Choudhury, Prashanta Kumar Deb, Rajlakshmi Devi, Bikas Chandra Pal, Narayan Chandra Talukdar
Murraya koenigii, a plant belonging to the Rutaceae family is widely distributed in Eastern-Asia and its medicinal properties are well documented in Ayurveda, the traditional Indian system of medicine. Through systematic research and pharmacological evaluation of different parts of the plant extracts has been shown to possess antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antidiabetic, antidiarrhoeal, antileishmanial, and antitumor activity. In the plant extracts, carbazole alkaloid, mahanine has been identified as the principle bioactive component among several other chemical constituents...
November 22, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168866/chemical-composition-and-bioactive-properties-of-the-wild-mushroom-polyporus-squamosus-huds-fr-a-study-with-samples-from-romania
#4
Andrei Mocan, Ângela Fernandes, Lillian Barros, Gianina Crişan, Marija Smiljković, Marina Soković, Isabel C F R Ferreira
In Eastern Europe, wild mushrooms are widely collected in mountain areas and used for their medicinal properties or as healthy foods. This study aimed at determining the chemical composition (nutritional value, free sugars, organic acids, phenolic compounds, fatty acids and tocopherols) and bioactive properties (antioxidant, antimicrobial and antiquorum sensing) of wild Polyporus squamosus (Huds.) Fr from Romania. The results indicate that the fruiting bodies of P. squamosus are rich in carbohydrates (74.22 g per 100 g dw) and proteins (18...
November 23, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166574/altered-tnf-%C3%AE-response-by-aconibal-%C3%A2-and-methotrexate-in-a-lipopolysaccharide-induced-setting-of-inflammatory-conditions-potential-on-a-synergistic-combination
#5
Gunhyuk Park, Seoung Hoon Lee, Ji-Ye Han, Dal-Seok Oh
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aconitum carmichaelii (AC) is a common herbal medicine used as anti-inflammatory and analgesic agent in Eastern Asia. In Korea, a commercial processed AC (Aconibal(®)) is traditionally used to treat the symptoms of spondylosis deformans and rheumatic pain. AIM OF STUDY: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is systemic and auto-immune disease characterized by chronic inflammation. Methotrexate (MTX) is often the first-line therapy for RA. If MTX monotherapy is ineffective or RA is initially severe, adding a tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitor to the treatment can be beneficial...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164127/antidiabetic-effects-of-aronia-melanocarpa-and-its-other-therapeutic-properties
#6
REVIEW
Ines Banjari, Andreja Misir, Katarina Šavikin, Stela Jokić, Maja Molnar, H K S De Zoysa, Viduranga Y Waisundara
Diabetes is a global pandemic which warrants urgent attention due to its rising prevalence and economic burden. Thus, many alternative therapies are being researched for antidiabetic properties, given the inefficacy of current medicinal treatments. From this perspective, Aronia melanocarpa or black chokeberry has been investigated for its therapeutic properties in many studies, especially for its ability to combat hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress and the macrovascular complications of diabetes including cardiovascular disease...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151835/opuntia-humifusa-modulates-morphological-changes-characteristic-of-asthma-via-il-4-and-il-13-in-an-asthma-murine-model
#7
Soon-Young Lee, Chun-Sik Bae, Young-Hoon Choi, Nam-Sook Seo, Chang-Su Na, Jin-Cheol Yoo, Seung Sik Cho, Dae-Hun Park
Asthma is a chronic pulmonary disease that affects an estimated 235 million people worldwide, but asthma drugs have many adverse effects. Opuntia humifusa (eastern prickly pear) has been used as a food and traditional medicine worldwide; however, its anti-asthmatic effects have not been reported. We evaluated O. humifusa as a potential therapeutic or preventive component of anti-asthmatic drugs. We divided ovalbumin-sensitized mice into the following groups: normal control, asthma-induced control, dexamethasone-treated group (positive control), 50 mg/kg O...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149062/polyphenolics-from-albizia-harveyi-exhibit-antioxidant-activities-and-counteract-oxidative-damage-and-ultra-structural-changes-of-cryopreserved-bull-semen
#8
Mansour Sobeh, Soha A Hassan, Mohamed A El Raey, Wael A Khalil, Mahmoud A E Hassan, Michael Wink
Albizia harveyi is a tropical deciduous tree, found across South and Eastern Africa and widely used in traditional medicine. The leaf extract ameliorated the damaging effects of the frozen-thawing process in cryopreserved bull semen. In a dose-dependent pattern, sperm motility, viability, and membrane integrity were improved compared to the untreated control. Furthermore, the extract increased the percentage of viable sperm cells and reduced the percentages of early apoptotic and apoptotic sperm cells as well as the damage in sperm ultra-structure...
November 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142411/the-effect-of-polyherbal-medicines-used-for-the-treatment-of-tuberculosis-on-other-opportunistic-organisms-of-humans-infected-with-tuberculosis
#9
Elizabeth Bosede Famewo, Anna Maria Clarke, Anthony Jide Afolayan
Background: In many immunocompromised patients, opportunistic bacterial and fungal infections are common. Polyherbal medicines examined in this study are used by the indigenous people of South Africa for the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) and other opportunistic infections associated with TB. Objective: To evaluate the antibacterial and antifungal activity of nine polyherbal remedies against four Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria respectively and three fungi...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140497/integrating-complementary-and-traditional-practices-in-middle-eastern-supportive-cancer-care
#10
Eran Ben-Arye, Noah Samuels, Michel Daher, Ibrahim Turker, Omar Nimri, Maryam Rassouli, Michael Silbermann
The Middle East is a promising arena in which researchers can explore the interchange between cross-cultural traditional medicine and supportive cancer care, as provided within an integrative oncology setting. Integrative oncology research and clinical practice in this part of the world have been focusing, for the most part, on the use of herbal medicine and mind-body-spiritual modalities, both of which are deeply rooted in traditional medical care. A regional, multinational, and interdisciplinary collaboration is currently being undertaken as part of the academic activities of the Middle-East Research Group in Integrative Oncology (MERGIO)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139261/-study-on-suitable-distribution-areas-of-sichuan-safflower-in-sichuan-province-based-on-3s-technologies
#11
Wu-Xue Cheng, Guang Dong, Ming-Yan Wu, Lan He, Jia-Li Chen
Sichuan safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) is a traditional Chinese medicine for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. In this paper, taking Sichuan province as an example, based on TM image, digital elevation model (DEM), meteorology, soil and other data, and using remote sensing and GIS technology to extract grassland, elevation, temperature and precipitation, soil and other influencing factors, the spatial distribution of the suitability of safflower was studied, and the field investigation was carried out...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134154/a-comparison-of-chloroplast-genome-sequences-in-aconitum-ranunculaceae-a-traditional-herbal-medicinal-genus
#12
Hanghui Kong, Wanzhen Liu, Gang Yao, Wei Gong
The herbal medicinal genus Aconitum L., belonging to the Ranunculaceae family, represents the earliest diverging lineage within the eudicots. It currently comprises of two subgenera, A. subgenus Lycoctonum and A. subg. Aconitum. The complete chloroplast (cp) genome sequences were characterized in three species: A. angustius, A. finetianum, and A. sinomontanum in subg. Lycoctonum and compared to other Aconitum species to clarify their phylogenetic relationship and provide molecular information for utilization of Aconitum species particularly in Eastern Asia...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125988/quantification-of-nitrogenous-bases-dna-and-collagen-type-i-for-the-estimation-of-the-postmortem-interval-in-bone-remains
#13
Cristina Pérez-Martínez, María D Pérez-Cárceles, Isabel Legaz, Gemma Prieto-Bonete, Aurelio Luna
Estimating the postmortem interval (PMI) is an important goal in forensic medicine and continues to be one of the most difficult tasks of the forensic investigator. Few accurate methods exist to determine the time since death of skeletonized human remains due to the great number of intrinsic and external factors that may alter the normal course of postmortem change. The purpose of this research was to assess the usefulness of various biochemical parameters, such as nitrogenous bases (adenine, guanine, purines, cytosine, thymine, pyrimidines, hypoxanthine and xanthine), DNA and Collagen Type I peptides to estimate PMI...
November 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118777/capparis-spinosa-l-in-a-systematic-review-a-xerophilous-species-of-multi-values-and-promising-potentialities-for-agrosystems-under-the-threat-of-global-warming
#14
REVIEW
Stephanie Chedraoui, Alain Abi-Rizk, Marc El-Beyrouthy, Lamis Chalak, Naim Ouaini, Loïc Rajjou
Caper (Capparis spinosa L.) is a xerophytic shrub with a remarkable adaptability to harsh environments. This plant species is of great interest for its medicinal/pharmacological properties and its culinary uses. Its phytochemical importance relies on many bioactive components present in different organs and its cultivation can be of considerable economic value. Moreover, taxonomic identification of C. spinosa L. has been difficult due to its wide heterogeneity, and many authors fell into confusion due to the scarcity of genetic studies...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113242/eupatolide-inhibits-the-tgf-%C3%AE-1-induced-migration-of-breast-cancer-cells-via-downregulation-of-smad3-phosphorylation-and-transcriptional-repression-of-alk5
#15
Ariundavaa Boldbaatar, Sunyi Lee, Sora Han, Ae Lee Jeong, Hye In Ka, Sumiyasuren Buyanravjikh, Jeong Hyung Lee, Jong-Seok Lim, Myung Sok Lee, Young Yang
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a hallmark of cancer metastasis, and the associated molecular signaling pathways are regarded as therapeutic targets for cancer treatment. Thus, suppressing EMT with a natural chemical compound may be of therapeutic benefit. Eupatolide is a natural chemical compound extracted from the medicinal plant Inula britannica, which is used in Eastern Asia to treat bronchitis, disorders of the digestive system and inflammation. Besides the anti-inflammatory function of eupatolide, the present study found that eupatolide suppressed the migration and invasion of breast cancer cells, which was associated with the downregulation of vimentin in MDA-MB-231 cells and the upregulation of E-cadherin in MCF-7 cells...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104703/the-case-of-the-suzhou-hospital-of-national-medicine-1939-41-war-medicine-and-eastern-civilization
#16
Keiko Daidoji, Eric I Karchmer
This article explores the founding of the Suzhou Hospital of National Medicine in 1939 during the Japanese occupation of Suzhou. We argue that the hospital was the culmination of a period of rich intellectual exchange between traditional Chinese and Japanese physicians in the early twentieth century and provides important insights into the modern development of medicine in both countries. The founding of this hospital was followed closely by leading Japanese Kampo physicians. As the Japanese empire expanded into East Asia, they hoped that they could revitalize their profession at home by disseminating their unique interpretations of the famous Treatise on Cold Damage abroad...
June 2017: East Asian Science, Technology and Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073777/neuroprotective-effects-of-orientin-on-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-reperfusion-induced-cell-injury-in-primary-culture-of-rat-cortical-neurons
#17
Tian Tian, Junan Zeng, Guangyu Zhao, Wenjing Zhao, Songyi Gao, Li Liu
Orientin (luteolin-8-C-glucoside) is a phenolic compound found abundantly in millet, juice, and peel of passion fruit and has been shown to have antioxidant properties. In the present study, we explored the effects of orientin on oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/RP)-induced cell injury in primary culture of rat cortical neurons using an in vitro model of neonatal ischemic brain injury. The reduced cell viability and elevated lactate dehydrogenase leakage were observed after OGD/RP exposure, which were then reversed by orientin (10, 20, and 30 µM) pretreatment in a dose-dependent manner...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068247/australian-elapid-snake-envenomation-in-cats-clinical-priorities-and-approach
#18
Trudi J Mcalees, Linda A Abraham
Practical relevance: No fewer than 140 species of terrestrial snakes reside in Australia, 92 of which possess venom glands. With the exception of the brown tree snake, the venom-producing snakes belong to the family Elapidae. The venom of a number of elapid species is more toxic than that of the Indian cobra and eastern diamondback rattle snake, which has earned Australia its reputation for being home to the world's most venomous snakes. Clinical challenges: The diagnosis of elapid snake envenomation is not always easy...
November 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065922/persisting-demand-and-supply-gap-for-maternal-and-newborn-care-in-eastern-uganda-a-mixed-method-cross-sectional-study
#19
Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Suzanne Namusoke Kiwanuka, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Peter Waiswa
BACKGROUND: The slow progress in reducing maternal and newborn death in low and middle-income countries is attributed to both demand and supply-side factors. This study assessed the changes in maternal and newborn services in health facilities as well as demand for maternal and newborn health services in Eastern Uganda. METHODS: The health assessment data were collected in August 2013 and September 2015 in the districts of Kamuli, Pallisa, and Kibuku. We purposively collected data on the availability of services from 40 health facilities that provided maternal and newborn services...
October 24, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063419/understanding-cultural-influences-on-dietary-habits-in-asian-middle-eastern-and-latino-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-review-of-current-literature-and-future-directions
#20
REVIEW
Natalie Mora, Sherita Hill Golden
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on evaluating and identifying gaps in the current literature regarding culturally specific dietary influences for patients with type 2 diabetes. As this topic has previously been examined in African American populations, we chose to focus on four other distinct populations (Hispanic, Middle Eastern, Western Pacific, South Asian). Given the rapid increase in global rates of type 2 diabetes and high rates of diabetes among certain ethnic groups, it is important to understand how culturally adapted strategies in diabetes management have been described in different regions and populations...
October 23, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
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