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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335791/fischer-s-plants-in-folk-beliefs-and-customs-a-previously-unknown-contribution-to-the-ethnobotany-of-the-polish-lithuanian-belarusian-borderland
#1
Monika Kujawska, Piotr Klepacki, Łukasz Łuczaj
BACKGROUND: Historical ethnobotanical studies are useful starting points for further diachronic analysis. The aim of this contribution is to present archival data from the Polish-Lithuanian-Belarusian borderland, which were collected by Adam Fischer, a Polish ethnographer from Lviv, in the 1930s. These data were originally gathered for publication in the first part of the Lexicon of Slavic beliefs and customs, dedicated to plant uses in traditional Slavonic culture. It was intended to be a joint international enterprise, but was never actually fulfilled...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329560/patient-provider-communication-concordance-and-ratings-of-care-in-dermatology-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Valerie M Harvey, Uchechukwu Ozoemena, Joan Paul, Hind A Beydoun, Nashay N Clemetson, Ginette A Okoye
ObjectiveTo determine the impact of race concordance on patient perception of quality of dermatologic care.Study designCross-sectional study.SettingAcademic outpatient practices in the Departments of Dermatology of Eastern Virginia Medical School and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.ParticipantsThe study cohort comprised 124 participants including 6 providers and 118 established patients.Main Outcome MeasuresWe hypothesized, a priori, that patients in race-discordant dyads would report lower ratings of participatory decision-making (PDM), satisfaction, trust in the provider, and similarities with providers...
November 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323048/comparison-of-lamiaceae-medicinal-uses-in-eastern-morocco-and-eastern-andalusia-and-in-ibn-al-baytar-s-compendium-of-simple-medicaments-13th-century-ce
#3
Asmae El-Gharbaoui, Guillermo Benítez, M Reyes González-Tejero, Joaquín Molero-Mesa, Abderrahmane Merzouki
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Transmission of traditional knowledge over time and across culturally and historically related territories is an important topic in ethnopharmacology. Here, we contribute to this knowledge by analysing data on medicinal uses in two neighbouring areas of the Western Mediterranean in relation to a historical text that has been scarcely mentioned in historical studies despite its interest. AIM OF THE STUDY: This paper discusses the sharing of popular knowledge on the medicinal uses of plants between eastern Morocco and eastern Andalusia (Spain), focusing on one of the most useful plant families in the Mediterranean area: Lamiaceae...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275251/peer-reviewed-public-health-journals-from-arabic-speaking-countries-an-updated-snapshot
#4
Basil H Aboul-Enein, Joshua Bernstein, Jacquelyn E Bowser
There is a positive association between availability of regional peer-reviewed public health information systems and progressive change in community and population health. The objective of this brief report was to identify public health journals in Arabic-speaking countries actively publishing as of 2016. We conducted an electronic search in several electronic database records for public health journals using a combination of search terms. We excluded journals that focused on human medicine, veterinary medicine, nursing, and other discipline-specific or clinical health professions...
February 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273485/clinical-factors-of-response-in-patients-with-advanced-ovarian-cancer-participating-in-early-phase-clinical-trials
#5
Angela George, Rebecca Kristeleit, Saeed Rafii, Caroline O Michie, Rebecca Bowen, Vasiliki Michalarea, Tom van Hagen, Mabel Wong, Grigorios Rallis, L Rhoda Molife, Juanita Lopez, Udai Banerji, Susana N Banerjee, Martin E Gore, Johann S de Bono, Stan B Kaye, Timothy A Yap
Drug resistance to conventional anticancer therapies is almost inevitable in patients with advanced ovarian cancer (AOC), limiting their available treatment options. Novel phase I trial therapies within a dedicated drug development unit may represent a viable alternative; however, there is currently little evidence for patient outcomes in such patients. To address this, we undertook a retrospective review of patients with AOC allocated to phase I trials in the Drug Development Unit at Royal Marsden Hospital (RMH) between June 1998 and October 2010...
March 5, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271872/barriers-to-and-opportunities-for-palliative-care-development-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#6
REVIEW
Ibtihal Fadhil, Gemma Lyons, Sheila Payne
The 22 countries of WHO's Eastern Mediterranean Region are experiencing an increase in the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including cancer. Of the six WHO regions, the Eastern Mediterranean Region is projected to have the greatest increase in cancer incidence in the next 15 years. Furthermore, most cancers are diagnosed at a late stage, resulting in a lower cancer survival rate than in the European Region and the Region of the Americas. With increasing numbers of deaths from cancer, palliative care should be available to relieve suffering in patients with advanced disease and at the end of life...
March 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264791/more-than-5000-patients-with-metastatic-melanoma-in-europe-per-year-do-not-have-access-to-recommended-first-line-innovative-treatments
#7
L Kandolf Sekulovic, K Peris, A Hauschild, A Stratigos, J-J Grob, P Nathan, R Dummer, A-M Forsea, C Hoeller, H Gogas, L Demidov, C Lebbe, C Blank, J Olah, L Bastholt, D Herceg, B Neyns, R Vieira, J Hansson, P Rutkowski, I Krajsova, M Bylaite-Bucinskiene, I Zalaudek, J Maric-Brozic, N Babovic, M Banjin, K Putnik, G Weinlich, V Todorovic, K Kirov, J Ocvirk, A Zhukavets, M Kukushkina, L De La Cruz Merino, A Ymeri, M Risteski, C Garbe
BACKGROUND: Despite the efficacy of innovative treatments for metastatic melanoma, their high costs has led to disparities in cancer care among different European countries. We analysed the availability of these innovative therapies in Europe and estimated the number of patients without access to first-line recommended treatment per current guidelines of professional entities such as the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO), the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC), the European Association of Dermato-Oncology (EADO), and European Dermatology Forum (EDF)...
March 2, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261094/dioscorea-spp-a-wild-edible-tuber-a-study-on-its-ethnopharmacological-potential-and-traditional-use-by-the-local-people-of-similipal-biosphere-reserve-india
#8
REVIEW
Sanjeet Kumar, Gitishree Das, Han-Seung Shin, Jayanta Kumar Patra
A number of wild crops remain unexplored in this world and among them some have excellent medicinal and nutritional properties. India is a harbor of biodiversity in general and phytodiversity in particular. The plant diversity is distributed from the Western Ghats to Eastern Ghats, along with the North-Eastern region and from the Greater Himalayas to the plain of Ganga. Among these distributed floral regions of the country, the Eastern Ghats are important due to their rich floral diversity. The forests of Odisha form a major part of Eastern Ghats in general and the Similipal Biosphere Reserve (SBR) in particular...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257092/first-report-on-the-ethnopharmacological-uses-of-medicinal-plants-by-monpa-tribe-from-the-zemithang-region-of-arunachal-pradesh-eastern-himalayas-india
#9
Tamalika Chakraborty, Somidh Saha, Narendra S Bisht
The Himalayas are well known for high diversity and ethnobotanical uses of the region's medicinal plants. However, not all areas of the Himalayan regions are well studied. Studies on ethnobotanical uses of plants from the Eastern Himalayas are still lacking for many tribes. Past studies have primarily focused on listing plants' vernacular names and their traditional medicinal uses. However, studies on traditional ethnopharmacological practices on medicine preparation by mixing multiple plant products of different species has not yet been reported in published literature from the state of Arunachal Pradesh, India, Eastern Himalayas...
March 2, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250661/antifungal-activity-of-hydroalcoholic-extract-of-chrysobalanus-icaco-against-oral-clinical-isolates-of-candida-species
#10
João Paulo Bastos Silva, Ana Regina Maués Noronha Peres, Thiago Portal Paixão, Andressa Santa Brígida Silva, Ana Cristina Baetas, Wagner Luiz Ramos Barbosa, Marta Chagas Monteiro, Marcieni Ataíde Andrade
BACKGROUND: Chrysobalanus icaco is a medicinal plant commonly used to treat fungal infections in Brazilian Amazonian region. OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to evaluate the antifungal activity of the hydroalcoholic extract of C. icaco (HECi) against oral clinical isolates of Candida spp. and to determine the pharmacognostic parameters of the herbal drug and the phytochemical characteristics of HECi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pharmacognostic characterization was performed using pharmacopoeial techniques...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219385/language-support-for-linguistic-minority-chronic-hepatitis-b-c-patients-an-exploratory-study-of-availability-and-clinicians-perceptions-of-language-barriers-in-six-european-countries
#11
Abby M Falla, Irene K Veldhuijzen, Amena A Ahmad, Miriam Levi, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: Language support for linguistic minorities can improve patient safety, clinical outcomes and the quality of health care. Most chronic hepatitis B/C infections in Europe are detected among people born in endemic countries mostly in Africa, Asia and Central/Eastern Europe, groups that may experience language barriers when accessing health care services in their host countries. We investigated availability of interpreters and translated materials for linguistic minority hepatitis B/C patients...
February 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216722/interdepartmental-dermatology-characteristics-and-impact-of-dermatology-inpatient-referrals-at-a-teaching-hospital-in-eastern-india
#12
Satyendra Nath Chowdhury, Indrasish Podder, Abanti Saha, Debabrata Bandyopadhyay
BACKGROUND: Dermatology is primarily considered to be an outpatient-centered specialty. However, several inpatient admissions to other specialties require dermatologic consultation for optimum management. AIMS: To analyze the causes of inpatient dermatology referrals, departments sending referrals, and impact of dermatology consultation on patient management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study by analyzing the records of 486 patient referrals over a 4-year period...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205539/regionalization-of-chinese-material-medical-quality-based-on-maximum-entropy-model-a-case-study-of-atractylodes-lancea
#13
Zhu Shoudong, Peng Huasheng, Guo Lanping, Xu Tongren, Zhang Yan, Chen Meilan, Hao Qingxiu, Kang Liping, Huang Luqi
Atractylodes is an East-Asiatic endemic genera that distributed in China, Japan and Russian Far Eastern. As an important resource of medicinal plant, atractylodes has long been used as herbal medicine. To example the significant features in its trueborn quality and geographical distribution, we explored the relationships between medicine quality and habitat suitability in two classifications-lower atractylodin content than the standard of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2010) and the other has higher content. We found that the atractylodin content is negatively related to the habitat suitability for atractylodes with lower atractylodin, while the atractylodin content is positively related to the habitat suitability for those with higher atractylodin...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203619/variation-in-the-response-of-eastern-and-southern-africa-provenances-of-faidherbia-albida-delile-a-chev-seedlings-to-water-supply-a-greenhouse-experiment
#14
Grace Koech, Daniel Ofori, Anne W T Muigai, Jonathan Muriuki, Parveen Anjarwalla, Jan De Leeuw, Jeremias G Mowo
Rural communities value Faidherbia albida in farming systems and pastoralism. Faidherbia albida provides products such as medicine, fodder, fuel, wood, food and services such as shade, soil fertility and nutrient cycling. Excessive browsing by animals, branch lopping and pod harvesting, have critically reduced the natural regeneration in some areas which exposes it to challenges due to dependence upon natural regeneration. The objective of this research was to evaluate response of Faidherbia albida provenances from eastern (Taveta Wangingombe) and southern Africa (Lupaso, Kuiseb Manapools) to different watering regimes to aid in selection of provenances for domestication...
October 2016: Global Ecology and Conservation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192744/revisiting-informal-payments-in-29-transitional-countries-the-scale-and-socio-economic-correlates
#15
Nazim Habibov, Alex Cheung
This study assesses informal payments (IPs) in 29 transitional countries using a fully comparable household survey. The countries of the former Soviet Union, especially those in the Caucasus and Central Asia, exhibit the highest scale of IPs, followed by Southern Europe, and then Eastern Europe. The lowest and the highest scale of IPs were in Slovenia (2.7%) and Azerbaijan (73.9%) respectively. We found that being from a wealthier household, experiencing lower quality of healthcare in the form of long waiting times, lack of medicines, absence of personnel, and disrespectful treatment, and having relatives to help when needed, are associated with a higher odds ratio of IPs...
February 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168109/investigation-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-among-symptomatic-children-in-hangzhou-from-2007-to-2014-a-retrospective-study-with-12-796-cases
#16
Xiaoli Shu, Mingfang Ping, Guofeng Yin, Mizu Jiang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The infection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is acquired in childhood and the prevalence vary greatly in different countries and regions. The study aimed to investigate the characteristics of H. pylori infection among children with gastrointestinal symptoms in Hangzhou, a representative city of eastern China. METHODS: A systematic surveillance of H. pylori infection according to the (13)C-urea breath test was conducted from January 2007 to December 2014 in the Children's hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166580/outcomes-of-embedded-care-management-in-a-family-medicine-residency-patient-centered-medical-home
#17
Robert J Newman, Richard Bikowski, Kristy Nakayama, Tina Cunningham, Pam Acker, Dana Bradshaw
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Much attention is devoted nationally to preventing hospital readmissions and emergency department (ED) use, given the high cost of this care. There is a growing body of evidence from the Patient Centered Primary Care Collaborative that a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model successfully lowers these costs. Our study evaluates a specific intervention in a family medicine residency PCMH to decrease readmissions and ED utilization using an embedded care manager...
January 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155237/the-use-of-potentially-inappropriate-medications-among-the-lithuanian-elderly-according-to-beers-and-eu-7-pim-list-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study-on-reimbursement-claims-data
#18
D Grina, V Briedis
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The prevalence and risk factors for prescribing and using potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) has been extensively researched in Western Europe and the United States of America; however, research in Central and Eastern Europe remains highly limited. According to a recent systematic review, the overall estimated weighted prevalence of PIM prescribing in community-dwelling elderly in Europe (expressed as a percentage of patients or prescriptions with ≥1 PIM) was 22·6% (95% CI: 19·5%-26·7%)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143544/an-overview-of-the-practitioner-research-and-collaboration-initiative-praci-a-practice-based-research-network-for-complementary-medicine
#19
Amie Steel, David Sibbritt, Janet Schloss, Jon Wardle, Matthew Leach, Helene Diezel, Jon Adams
BACKGROUND: The Practitioner Research and Collaboration Initiative (PRACI) is an innovative, multi-modality practice-based research network (PBRN) that represents fourteen complementary medicine (CM) professions across Australia. It is the largest known PBRN for complementary healthcare in the world and was launched in 2015. The purpose of this paper is to provide an update on the progress of the PRACI project, including a description of the characteristics of PRACI members in order to facilitate further sub-studies through the PRACI PBRN...
February 1, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140734/ethno-medicinal-documentation-of-polyherbal-medicines-used-for-the-treatment-of-tuberculosis-in-amathole-district-municipality-of-the-eastern-cape-province-south-africa
#20
Elizabeth Bosede Famewo, Anna Maria Clarke, Anthony Jide Afolayan
CONTEXT: Tuberculosis (TB) has remained a devastating global public health problem. In the continuing search for effective treatment, polyherbal remedies used as alternative medicines in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa were surveyed. OBJECTIVE: The survey collected information and documents the list of ingredients such as the name of the plants used including the non-herbal inclusions, type and dosage of polyherbal formulations used for the treatment of TB...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
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