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Eastern medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087986/barriers-to-access-to-opioid-medicines-for-patients-with-opioid-dependence-a-review-of-legislation-and-regulations-in-eleven-central-and-eastern-european-countries
#1
Marjolein J M Vranken, Aukje K Mantel-Teeuwisse, Saskia Jünger, Lukas Radbruch, Willem Scholten, John A Lisman, Marija Subataite, Marie-Hélène D B Schutjens
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Barriers linked to drug control systems are considered to contribute to inequitable access to controlled medicines, leaving millions of people in pain and suffering. Most studies focus on access to opioids for the treatment of severe (cancer) pain. This study aims to identify specific access barriers for patients with opioid dependence in legislation and regulations of 11 Central and Eastern European countries. METHODS: This study builds on a previous analysis of legislation and regulations as part of the EU 7th Framework Access To Opioid Medication in Europe (ATOME) project...
January 14, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053893/bryophytes-hoard-of-remedies-an-ethno-medicinal-review
#2
REVIEW
Satish Chandra, Dinesh Chandra, Anupam Barh, Pankaj, Raj Kumar Pandey, Ishwar Prakash Sharma
Bryophytes are the second largest group of land plants after angiosperms. There is very less knowledge available about medicinal properties of these plants. Bryophytes are popular remedy among the tribal people of different parts of the world. Tribal people use these plants to cure various ailments in their daily lives. Bryophytes are used to cure hepatic disorders, skin diseases, cardiovascular diseases, used as antipyretic, antimicrobial, wound healing and many more other ailments by different tribal communities of Africa, America, Europe, Poland, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, Turkey, Japan, Taiwan, Pakistan, China, Nepal and different parts of South, North and Eastern India...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052061/integrated-genomic-characterization-of-oesophageal-carcinoma
#3
(no author information available yet)
Oesophageal cancers are prominent worldwide; however, there are few targeted therapies and survival rates for these cancers remain dismal. Here we performed a comprehensive molecular analysis of 164 carcinomas of the oesophagus derived from Western and Eastern populations. Beyond known histopathological and epidemiologic distinctions, molecular features differentiated oesophageal squamous cell carcinomas from oesophageal adenocarcinomas. Oesophageal squamous cell carcinomas resembled squamous carcinomas of other organs more than they did oesophageal adenocarcinomas...
January 4, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043511/situational-analysis-of-tuberculosis-control-programs-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-gaps-and-solutions
#4
Samiha Baghdadi
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to highlight the key challenges and the strategic directions to scale-up tuberculosis (TB) care in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR); to review TB burden in EMR, and evaluate the progress toward Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) targets by 2015; to identify the main obstacles for optimal TB care toward TB elimination; and to provide strategic directions to address the key challenges. The Eastern Mediterranean Region is composed of 22 countries with 648 million populations...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043499/complex-emergencies-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-impact-on-tuberculosis-control
#5
Akihiro Seita
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) has witnessed the largest refugee crisis in history. Overall, 70% of the global refugee populations are from Palestine, Syria, Afghanistan, or Somalia. We reviewed the possible impact of such crisis on the tuberculosis situation in EMR. METHODS: We used the available data and information from the World Health Organization and other international and national institutions. RESULTS: Overall, 15 out of 22 countries in the EMR are either engulfed in complex emergencies (10 countries) or suffering from their neighbors' complex emergencies (7 countries), whereas two countries suffer from both...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038488/-medical-elements-in-the-sacral-heritage-of-the-mo%C3%A5-%C3%A4-enice-region
#6
Robert Doričić, Ana Montan, Igor Eterović
Sacral heritage, religious practices and customs, and the ethnomedical heritage of the Mošćenice region have not had so far the attention of medico-historians, which represents the starting point of this paper. The research of the mentioned dimensions of medico-historical reality of Mošćenice and its surrounding area has been conducted on three levels. Starting with the usual methodology, sacral inventory of certain churches and chapels from the Mošćenice parish is analyzed from the perspective of the history of medicine...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033729/student-academic-performance-in-rural-clinical-schools-the-impact-of-cohort-size-and-competition
#7
Brendan P Condon, Paul S Worley, John R Condon, David J Prideaux
OBJECTIVES: The Deakin University School of Medicine commenced in 2008 as a rurally focused medical school in south-eastern Australia. This research was designed to examine the effectiveness of the school's adoption of small regional clinical school settings. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of the first two cohorts of students was employed to assess academic performance at each of five geographically dispersed clinical training sites, with varying student cohort sizes...
December 30, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030941/diagnostics-of-intestinal-parasites-in-light-microscopy-among-the-population-of-children-in-eastern-afghanistan
#8
Krzysztof Korzeniewski, Agata Smoleń, Alina Augustynowicz, Anna Lass
OBJECTIVES: The Afghans, living in poor socioeconomic conditions, are estimated to be a community with a high rate of intestinal parasitic infections. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence and species of intestinal parasites among children's population in eastern Afghanistan and to present the methods of optimizing the techniques for identification of pathogens in light microscopy. The research was carried out as a part of humanitarian project Capacity building of health care system in Ghazni Province...
23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027557/pathological-personality-development-after-the-chornobyl-disaster-and-the-anti-terrorist-operation
#9
K M Loganovsky, M V Gresko
: Objective of the study was to determine pathological changes of the personality of the clean up workers (liquida tors) of the Chornobyl accident and the participants in the anti terrorist operation (ATO) in Eastern Ukraine and radiation threat perception assessment.Design, object and methods. The cross sectional and retrospective assessments of the clean up workers of the Chornobyl accident (n = 185), evacuees from the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone (n = 112) from the randomized sample of individuals who are registered in the Clinical and epidemiological registry (CER) of the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» [NRCRM] and partici pants of the ATO in Eastern Ukraine (n = 62) who underwent treatment and rehabilitation in the Department of Radiation Psychoneurology of the NRCRM Clinic have been done...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024424/the-relationship-between-health-related-quality-of-life-and-survival-in-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-patients-treated-with-korean-medicine
#10
Sora Park, Wankyu Eo, Sookyung Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measured by the Functional Assessment Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G) and survival in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients. METHODS: The clinical characteristics and FACT-G scores were retrospectively reviewed in mCRC patients who visited the Cancer Center of Korean Medicine. The overall survival (OS) was calculated and compared using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test...
December 1, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010837/raptor-acupuncture-for-treating-chronic-degenerative-joint-disease
#11
Keum Hwa Choi, Gail Buhl, Julia Ponder
A permanently captive 21-year-old male bald eagle was diagnosed with chronic degenerative joint disease in the right stifle with severe lameness (Grade 5) based on radiography. Clinical signs included decreased movement, vocalization, non weight-bearing on the affected limb, inappetence, depression, and pododermatitis on the left foot (bumblefoot, Grade 3). The eagle was treated with anti-inflammatory or analgesic drugs including carprofen and celecoxib. As there was no observed clinical improvement with any of the treatments, acupuncture treatment was provided...
December 2016: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009386/detection-of-giardia-intestinalis-infections-in-polish-soldiers-deployed-to-afghanistan
#12
Krzysztof Korzeniewski, Monika Konior, Alina Augustynowicz, Anna Lass, Ewa Kowalska
BACKGROUND: Members of the Polish Military Contingent (PMC) have been stationed in Afghanistan since 2002. They typically serve in areas characterised by low standards of sanitation which often leads to the development of food- and waterborne diseases. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of Giardia intestinalis infections among Polish soldiers deployed to Afghanistan. The research study was conducted as part of a programme for prevention of parasitic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract run by the Polish Armed Forces...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996115/characterizing-potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-older-people-in-primary-care-in-ireland-from-1997-to-2012
#13
Frank Moriarty, Kathleen Bennett, Caitriona Cahir, Tom Fahey
OBJECTIVES: To characterize prescribing of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and medicines that increase gastrointestinal bleeding risk (ulcerogenic) in older people from 1997 to 2012 and assess factors associated with maximal-dose prescribing in long-term PPI users. DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional study of pharmacy claims data. SETTING: Eastern Health Board region of Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older from a means-tested health plan in 1997, 2002, 2007, and 2012 (range 78,489-133,884 individuals)...
December 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977013/acupuncture-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-using-ancient-medicine-to-help-today-s-babies-a-review
#14
K L Chen, I Quah-Smith, G M Schmölzer, R Niemtzow, J L Oei
Acupuncture has been used for thousands of years in Eastern medicine for a variety of conditions and illnesses, including pain. Neonatal intensive care, on the other hand, is a relatively new branch of medicine that has emerged as the pivotal influence in increasing survival of critically ill newborn infants only within the last 50 years. Unfortunately, pain is an inevitable part of treatment in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The control and prevention of pain remains a major issue for clinicians despite recognition and understanding of the myriad of short- and long-term problems that are associated with both pain and its treatment within the NICU environment...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966835/the-epidemiology-and-characteristics-of-q-fever-and-co-infections-with-scrub-typhus-murine-typhus-or-leptospirosis-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-database-study
#15
C-H Lai, W Sun, C-H Lee, J-N Lin, M-H Liao, S-S Liu, T-Y Chang, K-F Tsai, Y-C Chang, H-H Lin, Y-H Chen
Q fever (QF) is a worldwide zoonosis associated with outbreaks. Only a few nationwide studies regarding the surveillance and epidemiology of human QF have been reported. Although QF is endemic in Taiwan, a nationwide database investigation of the epidemiology and characteristics of QF and its associations with scrub typhus (ST), murine typhus (MT) and leptospirosis (LS) has never been reported. We analysed nationwide databases of suspected QF, ST, MT and LS cases from October 2007 to December 2014 obtained from the Centers for Disease Control, Taiwan...
December 14, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937045/sempervivum-davisii-phytochemical-composition-antioxidant-and-lipase-inhibitory-activities
#16
Yusuf Uzun, Abdullah Dalar, Izabela Konczak
CONTEXT: Sempervivum davisii Muirhead (Crassulaceae) is a traditional medicinal herb from Eastern Anatolia. To date the composition of phytochemicals and physiological properties of this herb were not subjected to any research. OBJECTIVE: This study identifies compounds in S. davisii hydrophilic extracts and evaluates their potential biological properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethanol-based lyophilized extracts were obtained from aerial parts of plant (10 g of ground dry plant material in 200 mL of acidified aqueous ethanol, shaken for 2 h at 22 °C with supernatant collected and freeze-dried under vacuum)...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931297/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-phenotypes-biomarkers-and-prognostic-indicators
#17
Christopher E Brightling
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Current diagnostic criteria are based on lung function impairment, symptoms, and exacerbation frequency but do not capture the heterogeneity of the disease in terms of the complex pathologic changes that occur within lung, the different airway inflammatory patterns, or the airway microbial ecology. Recognition of the importance of defining the heterogeneity of COPD has led to the identification of important phenotypes with specific biomarkers, treatment responses, and underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms...
November 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931177/cholinesterase-inhibitory-anti-amyloidogenic-and-neuroprotective-effect-of-the-medicinal-plant-grewia-tiliaefolia-an-in-vitro-and-in-silico-study
#18
Dicson Sheeja Malar, Rajamohamed Beema Shafreen, Shunmugiah Karutha Pandian, Kasi Pandima Devi
CONTEXT: Grewia tiliaefolia Vahl. (Tiliaceae) is a sub-tropical plant used as an indigenous medicine in India. However, its efficacy has not been evaluated against Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to evaluate cholinesterase inhibitory, anti-aggregation and neuroprotective activity of G. tiliaefolia. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Grewia tiliaefolia leaves were collected from Eastern Ghats region, India, and subjected to successive extraction (petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, methanol and water)...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928439/coping-behavior-and-risk-and-resilience-stress-factors-in-french-regional-emergency-medicine-unit-workers-a-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Lala Ai, Sturzu Lm, Picard Jp, Druot F, Grama F, Bobirnac G
The Emergency Department (ED) has the highest workload in a hospital, offering care to patients in their most acute state of illness, as well as comforting their families and tending to stressful situations of the physical and psychological areal. Method. A cross-sectional survey of 366 Emergency Unit staff members including medical doctors, medical residents, medical nurses and ward aids, was undergone. Study participants came from four periphery hospitals in the Moselle Department of Eastern France with similar workforce and daily patient loads statistics...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921036/acute-kidney-injury-in-asia
#20
REVIEW
Li Yang
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common disorder and is associated with a high morbidity and mortality worldwide. The diversity of the climate and of the socioeconomic and developmental status in Asia has a great influence on the etiology and presentation of AKI in different regions. In view of the International Society of Nephrology's 0by25 initiative, more and more attention has been paid to AKI in Asian countries. SUMMARY: In this review, we summarize the recent achievements with regard to the prevalence and clinical patterns of AKI in Asian countries...
October 2016: Kidney Diseases
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