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Eastern medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456387/clinico-epidemiological-profile-of-pediatric-rheumatology-disorders-in-eastern-india
#1
Pratap Kumar Patra, Manish Kumar
Background: Data on rheumatological disorders in children from developing countries like India are scarce. Hence, this study aimed to understand the clinical and epidemiological profile of rheumatological disorders in children as this can help organize comprehensive evidence-based health care services. Methodology: A retrospective hospital-based study was designed in pediatric rheumatology clinic of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, India, from January 2015 to December 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453906/positive-implications-from-socially-accountable-community-engaged-medical-education-across-two-philippines-regions
#2
Torres Woolley, Fortunato Cristobal, Jusie Siega-Sur, Simone Ross, Andre-Jacques Neusy, Servando Halili, Carole Reeve
INTRODUCTION: Hundreds of millions of people worldwide lack access to quality health services, largely because of geographic and socioeconomic maldistribution of qualified practitioners. This study describes differences between the practice locations of Philippines medical graduates from two 'socially accountable, community-engaged' health professional education (SAHPE) schools and the practice locations of graduates from two 'conventionally trained' medical schools located in the same respective geographic regions...
February 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442354/in-memoriam
#3
In Memoriam
Professor Julian Liniecki, the doyen of nuclear medicine in Poland, co-founder as well as first and long-term (1998-2010) Editor-in-Chief of Nuclear Medicine Review - Central & Eastern Europe passed away on November 25, 2017 at the age of 87.
2018: Nuclear Medicine Review. Central & Eastern Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439653/unexplained-chronic-liver-disease-in-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Stian Magnus Staurung Orlien, Nejib Yusuf Ismael, Tekabe Abdosh Ahmed, Nega Berhe, Trine Lauritzen, Borghild Roald, Robert David Goldin, Kathrine Stene-Johansen, Anne Margarita Dyrhol-Riise, Svein Gunnar Gundersen, Marsha Yvonne Morgan, Asgeir Johannessen
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is assumed to be the major cause of chronic liver disease (CLD) in sub-Saharan Africa. The contribution of other aetiological causes of CLD is less well documented and hence opportunities to modulate other potential risk factors are being lost. The aims of this study were to explore the aetiological spectrum of CLD in eastern Ethiopia and to identify plausible underlying risk factors for its development. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken between April 2015 and April 2016 in two public hospitals in Harar, eastern Ethiopia...
February 13, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428578/treatment-practices-of-households-and-antibiotic-dispensing-in-medicine-outlets-in-developing-countries-the-case-of-ghana
#5
Mary-Anne Ahiabu, Pascal Magnussen, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, Britt Pinkowski Tersbøl
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotic resistance, associated with inappropriate drug use, is a global public health threat. The pharmaceutical sectors in developing countries are poorly regulated leading to antibiotic sales and use without a prescription. The study documents the treatment of acute illnesses in households and the antibiotic dispensing practices of medicine sales outlets in Eastern region, Ghana. METHOD: Twice-weekly illness recall visits were made to 12 households in three rural communities over eight consecutive weeks...
February 7, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423925/does-public-health-system-provide-adequate-financial-risk-protection-to-its-clients-out-of-pocket-expenditure-on-inpatient-care-at-secondary-level-public-health-institutions-causes-and-determinants-in-an-eastern-indian-state
#6
Sarit Kumar Rout, Sarmistha Choudhury
This study is undertaken to estimate the out of pocket expenditure (OOPE) for various diseases and its determinants at secondary level public health facilities in Odisha. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among the inpatients utilising secondary level public health facilities in the 2 districts of Odisha. More than 80% of the inpatients were selected conveniently, and data on OOPE and socioeconomic status of patients were collected. The OOPE was estimated separately on surgery, nonsurgery, and child birth conditions...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415748/an-ethnobotanical-study-in-midyat-turkey-a-city-on-the-silk-road-where-cultures-meet
#7
Ali Akgul, Ayfer Akgul, Serdar G Senol, Hasan Yildirim, Ozcan Secmen, Yunus Dogan
BACKGROUND: Studies of ethnobotanical usages in south-eastern Turkey are rare. To widen this field of knowledge, we conducted an ethnobotanical study in Midyat (Mardin Province), Turkey. METHODS: The field study was completed during three years (2007-2010). Our aim was to document the ethnobotanical uses of local plants and to make an ethnobotanical inventory of uncommon plants using qualitative interviews. RESULTS: During field studies, 368 voucher specimens were collected in the investigated area...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415657/assessment-of-blood-pressure-control-in-adult-hypertensive-patients-in-eastern-sudan
#8
Saeed M Omar, Osama Elnour, Gamal K Adam, Osman E Osman, Ishag Adam
BACKGROUND: The rate of blood pressure (BP) control in adult hypertensive patients is poor and the reasons for poor control of BP pressure are not fully understood globally. This study aimed to assess the rate and factors associated with BP control in adult hypertensive patients in Sudan. METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted in adult hypertensive Sudanese patients at Gadarif Hospital in eastern Sudan from November 2016 to March 2017. Information on sociodemographic characteristics of the participants, comorbidities, antihypertensive medication, and adherence to antihypertensive medication was gathered from patients using a questionnaire...
February 7, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414120/evaluation-of-the-anthelminthic-potential-of-duranta-erecta-l-verbenaceae-fruits-used-in-nigerian-ethnomedicine-as-a-vermifuge
#9
Munachimso Ihuoma Udobi, Terry Adaeze Nzeakor, Ifeanyi Gabriel Eke, Ikenna Onyema Ezeh, Amaechi Onyeabor, Idika Kalu Idika, Chukwunyere Okwudiri Nwosu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Duranta erecta L. fruits have been reported to have in vitro anthelminthic properties. People living in the tropical South-Eastern part of Nigeria use the plant in folk medicine for the treatment of malaria, abscesses and as a vermifuge. Although there are a few reports about its in vitro anthelminthic activity against different worm categories, scientific reports regarding its in vivo anthelminthic activity are limited. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was designed with the aim of determining the potential of the plant as an anthelminthic and to verify the claims made by its local users...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411181/biosimilars-in-rheumatology-recommendations-for-regulation-and-use-in-middle-eastern-countries
#10
Bassel El Zorkany, Nizar Al Ani, Samar Al Emadi, Jamal Al Saleh, Imad Uthman, Yasser El Dershaby, Mohamed Mounir, Hani Al Moallim
The increasing availability of biosimilar medicines in Middle Eastern regions may provide an opportunity to increase the number of rheumatology patients who have access to traditionally more expensive biologic medicines. However, as well as a lack of real-world data on the use of biosimilar medicines in practice, the availability of intended copies in the region may undermine physician confidence in prescribing legitimate biosimilar medicines. There is a need for regional recommendations for healthcare professionals to ensure that biosimilar drugs can be used safely...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406301/the-history-of-mind-psyche-body-soma-medicine-practical-examples
#11
Paulo Nuno Martins
This article discusses the relationship between health and disease, considering the mind/body dichotomy that has occurred in the history of medicine, both in Western and Eastern cultures. The author begins by referring to the magical concept of disease, passing through the classical Greek period, and the medieval and Renaissance vision, to the evolution of modern concepts proposed by psychoanalysis. The author references some practical examples about the importance of the mind-body relationship, such as the psychological steps experienced by the oncological patient, as well as the psychiatric disorder...
January 2018: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393763/conversation-analysis-of-veterinarians-proposals-for-long-term-dietary-change-in-companion-animal-practice-in-ontario-canada
#12
Clare MacMartin, Hannah C Wheat, Jason B Coe, Cindy L Adams
Nutritional changes recommended by veterinarians to clients can have a major role in animal-patient health. Although there is literature on best practices that can inform veterinary communication training, little is known specifically about how veterinarians communicate their recommendations to clients in real-life interactions. This study used the qualitative research method of conversation analysis to investigate the form and content of veterinarian-initiated proposals for long-term dietary change in canine and feline patients to further inform veterinary communication training...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378549/anti-apoptotic-potential-of-several-antidiabetic-medicinal-plants-of-the-eastern-james-bay-cree-pharmacopeia-in-cultured-kidney-cells
#13
Shilin Li, Sarah Pasquin, Hoda M Eid, Jean-François Gauchat, Ammar Saleem, Pierre S Haddad
BACKGROUND: Our team has identified 17 Boreal forest species from the traditional pharmacopeia of the Eastern James Bay Cree that presented promising in vitro and in vivo biological activities in the context of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We now screened the 17 plants extracts for potential anti-apoptotic activity in cultured kidney cells and investigated the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: MDCK (Madin-Darnby Canine Kidney) cell damage was induced by hypertonic medium (700 mOsm/L) in the presence or absence of maximal nontoxic concentrations of each of the 17 plant extracts...
January 30, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374948/-distribution-of-xin-an-tcm-physicians-and-their-medical-works-and-the-reasons-of-its-formation-of-medical-center
#14
C Z Chu, H S Peng, Y Li, J R Li
Based on the living times, native places and medical works of Xin'an TCM physicians described in the Xin an ming yi kao(Textual Research of Famous Physicians of Xin'an Region), the geographical distribution of ancient TCM physicians was analyzed by using Excel software. It is found that Xin'an medicine was originated from the Eastern Jin Dynasty and highly developed in the Qing Dynasty, and the number of its TCM physicians in the Ming and Qing Dynasties was large than the summation of those from the Eastern Jin Dynasty to the Ming Dynasty...
November 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373997/indigenous-uses-of-ethnomedicinal-plants-among-forest-dependent-communities-of-northern-bengal-india
#15
Antony Joseph Raj, Saroj Biswakarma, Nazir A Pala, Gopal Shukla, Vineeta, Munesh Kumar, Sumit Chakravarty, Rainer W Bussmann
BACKGROUND: Traditional knowledge on ethnomedicinal plant is slowly eroding. The exploration, identification and documentation on utilization of ethnobotanic resources are essential for restoration and preservation of ethnomedicinal knowledge about the plants and conservation of these species for greater interest of human society. METHODS: The study was conducted at fringe areas of Chilapatta Reserve Forest in the foothills of the eastern sub-Himalayan mountain belts of West Bengal, India, from December 2014 to May 2016...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371730/nurses-interventions-to-reduce-unwanted-noise
#16
Birsel Canan Demirbag, Sevilay Hintistan, Betul Bayrak
The study evaluated the nurses' interventions to reduce unwanted noise. This hospital-based, descriptive study was conducted at a Training Hospital in the Eastern part of Turkey, Trabzon, between 15-30 January 2016. It was participated by 248 volunteer nurses. Nurses express the noise of visitors (96.3%) on the first rank among the kinds of noise. The results of the study showed that most of the nurses were determined to use "a picture hanging technique on the wall" (53.2%) for preventing noise. No significant correlation was found between the descriptive characteristics of the nurses and nursing interventions to prevent noise (p> 0...
January 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370056/the-history-and-promising-future-of-phage-therapy-in-the-military-service
#17
Daniel Gelman, Arik Eisenkraft, Nina Chanishvili, Nachman Dean, Shunit Coppenhagem Glazer, Ronen Hazan
The continuous evolvement of bacterial resistance to most, if not all currently available antibiotics is a worldwide problem. These strains, frequently isolated from military-associated environments, have created an urgent need to develop supplementary anti-infective modalities. One of the leading directions is phage therapy, which includes the administration of bacteriophages, viruses that specifically target bacteria, as bio-therapies. Though neglected in the West until recent years, bacteriophages have been widely studied and clinically administered in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe for over a century, where they were found to be incredibly efficient at battling numerous infectious diseases...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362361/whole-exome-sequencing-identifies-common-and-rare-variant-metabolic-qtls-in-a-middle-eastern-population
#18
Noha A Yousri, Khalid A Fakhro, Amal Robay, Juan L Rodriguez-Flores, Robert P Mohney, Hassina Zeriri, Tala Odeh, Sara Abdul Kader, Eman K Aldous, Gaurav Thareja, Manish Kumar, Alya Al-Shakaki, Omar M Chidiac, Yasmin A Mohamoud, Jason G Mezey, Joel A Malek, Ronald G Crystal, Karsten Suhre
Metabolomics-genome-wide association studies (mGWAS) have uncovered many metabolic quantitative trait loci (mQTLs) influencing human metabolic individuality, though predominantly in European cohorts. By combining whole-exome sequencing with a high-resolution metabolomics profiling for a highly consanguineous Middle Eastern population, we discover 21 common variant and 12 functional rare variant mQTLs, of which 45% are novel altogether. We fine-map 10 common variant mQTLs to new metabolite ratio associations, and 11 common variant mQTLs to putative protein-altering variants...
January 23, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356892/skin-depigmenting-action-of-silkworm-bombyx-mori-l-droppings-in-zebrafish
#19
Yeong Ro Lee, Ji-Hae Park, Rodrigo Castaneda Molina, Youn Hee Nam, Yeong-Geun Lee, Bin Na Hong, Nam-In Baek, Tong Ho Kang
The excrement of silkworms (Bombyx mori L.), referred to here as silkworm droppings (SDs), is used as a traditional drug in eastern medicine to treat skin diseases such as urticaria and atopy. However, the depigmentation effects of SDs have not previously been evaluated. We focused on the depigmentation effect of a methanol extract of SDs and isolated components of the extract using a zebrafish model system. (+)-Dehydrovomifoliol (M-1), (6R,7E,9R)-9-hydroxy-4,7-megastigmadien-3-one (M-2), (3S,5R,8R)-3,5-dihydroxymegastigma-6,7-dien-9-one (M-3), roseoside (M-4), and citroside A (M-5) were isolated from only SDs extract (SDE), and chemical structures were identified through spectroscopic methods...
January 22, 2018: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336168/dementia-in-eastern-mediterranean-countries-a-systematic-review
#20
Sara Mahmoud Yaghmour, Ruth Bartlett, Tula Brannelly
Globally, there is an increase in the older population, whose lives are affected by local cultural norms. In Eastern Mediterranean countries, dementia is conventionally hidden from view with few dedicated services or recognition for diagnosis. The aim of this systematic review is to explore the limited literature on dementia and cognitive impairment among older people in Eastern Mediterranean countries to present an evaluation of current practices and to consolidate knowledge for future planning. Thirty-three studies were identified for inclusion in the review, and four themes were apparent...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
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