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Chiropractic medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377711/the-period-prevalence-of-mind-and-body-practice-use-by-adult-emergency-department-patients
#1
Ashleigh J Sellar, David McD Taylor, Nicholas D Ross, Hayley H Chen, Luke D Plant, Daniel McLean, Paul Berlingeri, Rex Gavan, Tracey J Weiland, Jonathan C Knott
OBJECTIVES: Mind and Body Practice (MBP) use (e.g., chiropractic, acupuncture, meditation) among Emergency Department (ED) patients is largely unknown. We aimed to determine the period prevalence, nature of MBP use, and perceptions of MBP among adult ED patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: We undertook a cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of patients presenting to three EDs between February and June 2016. SUBJECTS: Patients were eligible for inclusion if they were aged 18 years or more and had presented for medical treatment...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371279/manual-therapy-for-unsettled-distressed-and-excessively-crying-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#2
Dawn Carnes, Austin Plunkett, Julie Ellwood, Clare Miles
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analyses to assess the effect of manual therapy interventions for healthy but unsettled, distressed and excessively crying infants and to provide information to help clinicians and parents inform decisions about care. METHODS: We reviewed published peer-reviewed primary research articles in the last 26 years from nine databases (Medline Ovid, Embase, Web of Science, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, Osteopathic Medicine Digital Repository , Cochrane (all databases), Index of Chiropractic Literature, Open Access Theses and Dissertations and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature)...
January 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348109/review-beyond-conventional-therapies-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-the-management-of-hypertension-an-evidence-based-review
#3
Ang Peng Wong, Yaman Walid Kassab, Abdul Latiff Mohamed, Amelah Mohammed Abdul Qader
Hypertension is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality. Worldwide, Hypertension is estimated to cause 7.5 million deaths, about 12.8% of the total of all deaths. This accounts for 57 million disability adjusted life years (DALYS) or 3.7% of total DALYS. This led WHO to set a target of 25% reduction in prevalence by 2025. To reach that, WHO has adopted non-conventional methods for the management of hypertension? Despite worldwide popularity of such non-conventional therapies, only small volume of evidence exists that supports its effectiveness...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321023/which-risk-understandings-can-be-derived-from-the-current-disharmonized-regulation-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-europe
#4
Solveig Wiesener, Anita Salamonsen, Vinjar Fønnebø
BACKGROUND: Many European citizens are seeking complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). These treatments are regulated very differently in the EU/EFTA countries. This may demonstrate differences in how risk associated with the use of CAM is perceived. Since most CAM treatments are practiced fairly similarly across Europe, differing risk understandings may influence patient safety for European CAM users. The overall aim of this article is thus to contribute to an overview and awareness of possible differing risk understandings in the field of CAM at a policymaking/structural level in Europe...
January 10, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307457/integration-of-doctors-of-chiropractic-into-private-sector-health-care-facilities-in-the-united-states-a-descriptive-survey
#5
Stacie A Salsbury, Christine M Goertz, Elissa J Twist, Anthony J Lisi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the demographic, facility, and practice characteristics of doctors of chiropractic (DCs) working in private sector health care settings in the United States. METHODS: We conducted an online, cross-sectional survey using a purposive sample of DCs (n = 50) working in integrated health care facilities. The 36-item survey collected demographic, facility, chiropractic, and interdisciplinary practice characteristics, which were analyzed with descriptive statistics...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239871/integrative-medicine-as-an-adjunct-to-orthopaedic-surgery
#6
James R Ficke, Nathan M Moroski, Steven D Ross, Ranjan Gupta
Patients often seek nontraditional forms of treatment, including alternative/complementary medical options, such as chiropractic care and acupuncture, to meet their personal needs. In the United States, interest has grown in methods to reduce pain and improve function through Ayurvedic medicine, which uses plant-based supplements, such as turmeric. Traditional allopathic medicine attempts to provide patients with evidence-based therapeutic regimens for their musculoskeletal conditions. Integrative medicine often is used to prevent and manage the sequelae associated with injuries and illnesses; however, competitive athletes and military personnel use complementary medicine for performance enhancement...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229057/functional-limitations-in-adults-who-utilize-chiropractic-or-osteopathic-manipulation-in-the-united-states-analysis-of-the-2012-national-health-interview-survey
#7
Mary L Forte, Michele Maiers
OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to identify self-reported differences in function, comorbidities, and medical service utilization among adults who reported using chiropractic and/or osteopathic manipulation in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey, and to compare these between older and younger adults. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive study of adults aged 18 or older who were included in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey and the Alternative Medicine Questionnaire...
November 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157106/perception-and-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-low-back-pain
#8
Vivian Hiu Man Tsang, Phoebe Hiu Wai Lo, Fong Tao Lam, Lulu Suet Wing Chung, Tin Yan Tang, Hoi Man Lui, Jordan Tsz Gwan Lau, Ho Fung Yee, Yiu Kun Lun, Hei Tung Chan, Jason Pui Yin Cheung
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in patients with low back pain (LBP) and to identify its correlation with demographic factors, clinical condition and psychosocial factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 278 LBP patients. Use of CAM, demographic parameters and disease duration were determined. Self-reported health status and self-rated scales assessed the effect of disease on quality of life and emotional well-being, respectively...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075438/knowledge-attitude-influences-and-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-among-chiropractic-and-nursing-students
#9
Bruce F Walker, Anthony Armson, Christopher Hodgetts, Angela Jacques, Fu En Chin, Garret Kow, Hyung Jin Lee, Mui Kee Wong, Anthony Wright
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is becoming more widely used in the community however there are differences in knowledge and attitudes among and within the various health professions. Chiropractic and nursing students represent a future generation of two health profession groups who may have differing views on CAM. The objectives of this study were to investigate the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of nursing and chiropractic students about CAM. To investigate the factors that influence their attitudes and beliefs and their likelihood of recommending CAM; and to compare the findings between nursing and chiropractic students to determine similarities and differences...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039681/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-services-in-the-military-health-system
#10
Patricia M Herman, Melony E Sorbero, Ann C Sims-Columbia
OBJECTIVES: Surveys of military personnel indicate substantial use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that possibly exceeds use in the general U.S. POPULATION: Although military treatment facilities (MTFs) are known to offer CAM, surveys do not indicate where service members receive this care. This study offers a comprehensive system-wide accounting of the types of CAM offered across the military health system (MHS), the conditions for which it is used, and its level of use...
November 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952872/kinematics-of-the-spine-during-sit-to-stand-using-motion-analysis-systems-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#11
Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Shapour Jaberzadeh, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Rasool Bagheri, Morteza Taghipour
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Clinical evaluation of the spine is commonplace in musculoskeletal therapies such as physiotherapy, physical medicine/rehabilitation, osteopathic, and chiropractic clinics. Sit-to-stand (STS) is one of the most mechanically demanding of daily activities and crucial to independence. Difficulty or inability to perform STS is common in individuals with a variety of motor disabilities such as low back pain. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate available evidence in literature to determine 2D and 3D kinematics of the spine during STS in patients with LBP and healthy young adult participants using motion analysis systems (electromagnetic and marker based)...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898555/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-u-s-adults-with-diabetes-reasons-for-use-and-perceived-benefits
#12
Taeho Greg Rhee, Sarah M Westberg, Ila M Harris
OBJECTIVES: While complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasingly used, little is known about reasons for CAM use (treatment, wellness or both) and self-reported perceived benefits among U.S. adults with diabetes at the national level. We estimated prevalence rates of overall and specific types of CAM by reason for use, and examined perceived benefits of using CAM by reason for use among U.S. adults with diabetes. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey, which represents non-institutionalized adults with diabetes (n = 3,386 unweighted)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874921/functional-medicine-approach-to-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Alice C Richer
Background: The U.S. military has seen dramatic increases in traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) among military personnel due to the nature of modern-day conflicts. Conventional TBI treatment for secondary brain injuries has suboptimal success rates, and patients, families, and healthcare professionals are increasingly turning to alternative medicine treatments. Objective: Effective treatments for the secondary injury cascades that occur after an initial brain trauma are unclear at this time. The goal of successful treatment options for secondary TBI injuries is to reduce oxidative stress, excitotoxicity, and inflammation while supporting mitochondrial functions and repair of membranes, synapses, and axons...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843874/alternative-futures-fields-boundaries-and-divergent-professionalisation-strategies-within-the-chiropractic-profession
#14
Caragh Brosnan
Sociological studies of the complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) occupations have documented the professionalisation strategies these groups use to establish boundaries between themselves and their competitors, including seeking educational accreditation and statutory regulation/licensure. Chiropractic has been particularly successful at professionalising and in Australia and the UK it is taught within public universities. Recent events have threatened chiropractic's university foothold, however, showing that professionalisation needs to be understood as an ongoing process of negotiation...
October 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834891/interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-for-a-patient-with-incomplete-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-and-multimorbidity-a-case-report
#15
Robert D Vining, Donna M Gosselin, Jeb Thurmond, Kimberlee Case, Frederick R Bruch
RATIONALE: This report describes interdisciplinary rehabilitation for a 51-year-old male recovering from incomplete cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) and multiple comorbidities following an automobile accident. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was admitted to a rehabilitation specialty hospital approximately 2 months post SCI and 2 separate surgical fusion procedures (C3-C6). DIAGNOSES: Clinical presentation at the rehabilitation hospital included moderate to severe motor strength loss in both upper and lower extremities, a percutaneous endoscopic gastronomy tube (PEG), dysphagia, bowel/bladder incontinence, dependence on a mechanical lift and tilting wheelchair due to severe orthostatic hypotension, and pre-existing shoulder pain from bilateral joint degeneration...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746026/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-an-integrated-health-care-delivery-system-users-of-chiropractic-acupuncture-and-massage-services
#16
Tracy Mccubbin, Karin L Kempe, Arne Beck
INTRODUCTION: Complementary and alternative medicine research has relied primarily on survey data from community populations rather than from patient populations receiving these services in integrated health care delivery systems (IHDS). OBJECTIVES: To describe patients seeking chiropractic, acupuncture, or massage therapy in a dedicated Center for Complementary Medicine (CCM) within an IHDS. METHODS: Patient surveys at the initial CCM visit included chief complaint, prior treatments, and relief with treatment (0% to 100% relief)...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690665/use-of-integrative-medicine-in-the-united-states-military-health-system
#17
REVIEW
Cathaleen Madsen, Megan Vaughan, Tracey Pérez Koehlmoos
Integrative medicine (IM) is a model of care which uses both conventional and nonconventional therapies in a "whole person" approach to achieve optimum mental, physical, emotional, spiritual, and environmental health, and is increasingly popular among patients and providers seeking to relieve chronic or multifactorial conditions. The US Department of Defense (DoD) shows particular interest in and usage of IM for managing chronic conditions including the signature "polytrauma triad" of chronic pain, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among its beneficiaries in the Military Health System (MHS)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645292/implementation-of-tobacco-cessation-brief-intervention-in-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-practice-qualitative-evaluation
#18
Emery R Eaves, Amy Howerter, Mark Nichter, Lysbeth Floden, Judith S Gordon, Cheryl Ritenbaugh, Myra L Muramoto
BACKGROUND: This article presents findings from qualitative interviews conducted as part of a research study that trained Acupuncture, Massage, and Chiropractic practitioners' in Arizona, US, to implement evidence-based tobacco cessation brief interventions (BI) in their routine practice. The qualitative phase of the overall study aimed to assess: the impact of tailored training in evidence-based tobacco cessation BI on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners' knowledge and willingness to implement BIs in their routine practice; and their patients' responses to cessation intervention in CAM context...
June 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633884/differences-in-practice-characteristics-between-male-and-female-chiropractors-in-switzerland
#19
Regina Vollenweider, Cynthia K Peterson, B Kim Humphreys
OBJECTIVES: A total of 75% of the chiropractic medicine students in the new program at the University of Zürich are women, which is in stark contrast to the traditional ratio of chiropractors in Switzerland, where 75% have been men. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare work behaviors between female and male chiropractors relating to workload, patient variety, and chiropractic treatment techniques. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from the Swiss Job Analysis 2009 study...
July 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619298/alternative-medicine-worker-health-and-absenteeism-in-the-united-states
#20
Kate Rybczynski
Health related absenteeism costs an estimated $153 billion annually in the United States (Witters and Agrawal, 2011).1 Chronic conditions (major contributors to absenteeism) are often successfully managed by Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM). As CAM becomes an increasingly visible component of healthcare, firms may wish to consider whether CAM therapies can help reduce illness-related absenteeism. This paper aims to extend the literature on healthcare utilization and absenteeism by exploring whether CAM treatment is associated with fewer workdays missed due to illness...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
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