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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532331/is-restlessness-best-understood-as-a-process-reflecting-on-four-boys-restlessness-during-music-therapy-in-kindergarten
#1
Anna Helle-Valle, Per-Einar Binder, Norman Anderssen, Brynjulf Stige
ADHD can be considered an internationally recognized framework for understanding children's restlessness. In this context, children's restlessness is understood as a symptom of neurodevelopmental disorder. However, there are other possible understandings of children's restlessness. In this article, we explore four boys' collaborative and creative process as it is described and understood by three adults. The process is framed by a community music therapy project in a Norwegian kindergarten, and we describe four interrelated phases of this process: Exploring musical vitality and cooperation, Consolidating positions, Performing together, and Discovering ripple effects...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529361/prevalence-and-correlates-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-subthreshold-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-among-college-students-in-kerala-india
#2
T S Jaisoorya, Y C Janardhan Reddy, B Sivasankaran Nair, Anjana Rani, Priya G Menon, M Revamma, C R Jeevan, K S Radhakrishnan, Vineetha Jose, K Thennarasu
CONTEXT: There are scarce data on the prevalence of adult obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in India. AIMS: The aim was to study the point prevalence of OCD and subthreshold OCD and its psychosocial correlates among college students in the district of Ernakulam, Kerala, India. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey of 5784 students of the age range of 18-25 years from 58 colleges was conducted. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Students were self-administered the OCD subsection of the Clinical Interview Schedule-Revised, the Composite International Diagnostic Interview for obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCSs), and other relevant instruments to identify OCD, subthreshold OCD, and related clinical measures...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528555/development-and-evaluation-of-the-adhd-cognitions-scale-for-adults
#3
Laura E Knouse, John T Mitchell, Nathan A Kimbrel, Arthur D Anastopoulos
OBJECTIVE: The clinical literature on ADHD in adults suggests that "overly positive" or optimistic cognitions may contribute to impairment and failure to use self-regulation skills in this population, yet the research literature on this topic is limited. We developed the ADHD Cognitions Scale (ACS), a brief self-report measure of ADHD-related thoughts, and evaluated its psychometric properties. METHOD: We collected self-report measures, inculding the ACS, from two large community samples ( Ns = 262, 304)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524460/commentary-important-design-features-to-consider-in-observational-research-on-the-long-term-outcomes-of-adhd-reflections-on-sibley-et%C3%A2-al-2017-and-swanson-et%C3%A2-al-2017
#4
Henrik Larsson
In this issue of the Journal, Sibley et al. (2017) presented some important insights into how different assessment approaches influence the apparent persistence of ADHD into adulthood, while Swanson et al. (2017) presented interesting results regarding the long-term benefits (adult symptom reduction) and costs (adult height suppression) associated with the treatment of ADHD with stimulant medication. This commentary highlights that (a) future studies that attempt to explore the occurrence and predictors of persisting and remitting developmental trajectories of ADHD, as well as late-onset ADHD, need to be based on thorough assessment of ADHD in adulthood using a combination of self-ratings and other informants (parents), and that (b) observational studies of the long-term benefits and risk associated with ADHD medications will play an important role in future research and clinical guidelines...
June 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520552/prestimulus-inhibition-of-saccades-in-adults-with-and-without-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-as-an-index-of-temporal-expectations
#5
Yarden Dankner, Lilach Shalev, Marisa Carrasco, Shlomit Yuval-Greenberg
Knowing when to expect important events to occur is critical for preparing context-appropriate behavior. However, anticipation is inherently complicated to assess because conventional measurements of behavior, such as accuracy and reaction time, are available only after the predicted event has occurred. Anticipatory processes, which occur prior to target onset, are typically measured only retrospectively by these methods. In this study, we utilized a novel approach for assessing temporal expectations through the dynamics of prestimulus saccades...
May 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512748/genetic-influences-on-adhd-symptom-dimensions-examination-of-a-priori-candidates-gene-based-tests-genome-wide-variation-and-snp-heritability
#6
L Cinnamon Bidwell, Joshua C Gray, Jessica Weafer, Abraham A Palmer, Harriet de Wit, James MacKillop
Although the heritability of ADHD is estimated to be high, identifying specific genetic markers remains challenging. Most studies to date have examined the genetic basis of ADHD by employing dichotomous diagnostic phenotypes, but, as ADHD symptoms tend to be phenotypically dimensional, an alternative and potentially informative approach is to examine continuous indices of inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity symptoms. The current study aimed to identify genetic effects on dimensionally-focused adult ADHD-related phenotypes in 990 individuals of European ancestry with intentionally low levels of substance misuse to avoid confounding...
June 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508302/handedness-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-college-students
#7
Hui-Li Lin, Hui-Chun Tsuang
The symptoms of adult Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) generally include impaired concentration; an insensitivity to social cues, being hard to get along with, and being internally restlessness. It is not surprising that these problems are likely to affect the performance of college students with ADHD. The study aims to examine whether ADHD symptoms are associated with handedness in college students in Taiwan. A total of 505 male and 645 female participants completed Annett's handedness questionnaire and the Traditional Chinese College ADHD Response Evaluation Student Response Inventory (C-CARE-SRI)...
May 16, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504540/meta-analysis-of-cognitive-behavioral-treatments-for-adult-adhd
#8
Laura E Knouse, Jonathan Teller, Milan A Brooks
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a meta-analysis of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) studies for adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), examining effects versus control and effects pre-to-post treatment to maximize the clinical and research utility of findings from this growing literature. METHOD: Eligible studies tested adults meeting criteria for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ADHD as determined by interview or using a standardized rating scale and measured ADHD symptoms or related impairment at baseline and posttreatment...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501733/insomnia-in-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-comparison-with-borderline-personality-disorder-population-in-a-clinical-setting-and-control-participants
#9
Sébastien Weibel, Françoise Jermann, Luisa Weiner, Rosetta Nicastro, Stefano Ardu, Eleonore Pham, Roland Hasler, Alexandre Dayer, Paco Prada, Nader Perroud
OBJECTIVES: Many adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) report sleeping difficulties. The relationship between sleep and ADHD is poorly understood, and shows discrepancies between subjective and objective measures. In order to determine the specificity of sleep-associated symptoms in ADHD, subjective sleep assessments among ADHD adult patients were compared with control subjects and with individuals suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHODS: 129 outpatients with ADHD, 70 with BPD (including 17 patients with BPD and ADHD comorbidity), and 65 control participants were assessed for sleep quality, insomnia, and sleepiness, using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
May 5, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498045/problematic-video-game-play-and-adhd-traits-in-an-adult-population
#10
Maria Panagiotidi
This study examined the relationship between problematic video game play (PVGP), video game usage, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) traits in an adult population. A sample of 205 healthy adult volunteers completed the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS), a video game usage questionnaire, and the Problem Video Game Playing Test (PVGT). A significant positive correlation was found between the ASRS and the PVGT. More specifically, inattention symptoms and time spent playing video games were the best predictors of PVGP...
May 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497641/adult-executive-functioning-inventory-adexi-validity-reliability-and-relations-to-adhd
#11
Ylva Holst, Lisa B Thorell
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Adult Executive Functioning Inventory (ADEXI). This new executive functioning (EF) rating instrument has the advantage of being brief (14 items) and focusing specifically on working memory and inhibitory control. Results showed that scores on the ADEXI had high internal consistency and adequate test-retest reliability, but low concurrence between self-ratings and other ratings. High and statistically significant correlations were found between ADEXI scores and scores from another EF rating instrument, whereas the correlations between ADEXI scores and neuropsychological test scores were weak and often non-significant...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494748/the-novelty-of-bupropion-as-a-dopaminergic-antidepressant-for-the-treatment-of-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactive-disorder
#12
Kanit Tha Deang, Hatta Sidi, Hazli Zakaria, Raja Lope Adam, Srijit Das, Nurul Hazwani Hatta, Muhammad Hatta, Kok Wei Wee
Attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD), a hyperactivity disorder that is prevalent among children may continue as an adulthood attention deficit. To date, treating an individual with an adult ADHD may be an arduous task as it involved numerous challenges, such as a need for high index of suspicion to diagnose this medical condition. Many psychiatric disorders masquerade as ADHD and delayed the necessary assessment and proper treatment for the debilitating medical condition. Adult ADHD would also be misdiagnosed (or under diagnosed) due to the facts that this medical condition is being masked by his or her high level of intellectuality achievement...
May 11, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490222/inattention-and-hyperactivity-impulsivity-their-detrimental-effect-on-romantic-relationship-maintenance
#13
Laura E VanderDrift, Kevin M Antshel, Amy K Olszewski
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to understand how ADHD symptoms correlate with romantic relationship maintenance and test theoretical pathways by which symptoms of ADHD lead to relationship difficulties. METHOD: This study involved two phases of data collection, which were identical except for the population. Phase 1 ( n = 172) was a nonclinical sample of romantically involved young adults. Phase 2 ( n = 39) was a clinical sample of romantically involved young adults with ADHD...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490216/prevalence-and-psychosocial-correlates-of-adhd-symptoms-in-young-adulthood-a-french-population-based-study
#14
Flore Moulin, Aude Chollet, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Manuel Bouvard, Maria Melchior, Cédric Galéra
OBJECTIVE: The scientific literature suggests that ADHD in adulthood is associated with a considerable psychosocial burden. However, most knowledge in this area relies on studies conducted in the United States or in North European nations, thereby limiting generalization to other countries. METHOD: We assessed the psychosocial correlates of ADHD symptoms in a French community-based sample. Data came from 1,214 community-based young adults (18-35 years) and their parents (Trajectoires Epidémiologiques en Population and GAZEL studies)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488369/transitioning-from-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-ireland-case-note-review
#15
Mimi Tatlow-Golden, Blanaid Gavin, Niamh McNamara, Swaran Singh, Tamsin Ford, Moli Paul, Walter Cullen, Fiona McNicholas
In a context of international concern about early adult mental health service provision, this study identifies characteristics and service outcomes of young people with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) reaching the child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) transition boundary (TB) in Ireland. The iTRACK study invited all 60 CAMHS teams in Ireland to participate; 8 teams retrospectively identified clinical case files for 62 eligible young people reaching the CAMHS TB in all 4 Health Service Executive Regions...
May 10, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477289/predictors-of-relapse-or-maintenance-of-response-in-pediatric-and-adult-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-following-discontinuation-of-long-term-treatment-with-atomoxetine
#16
Johannes Thome, Ralf W Dittmann, Laurence L Greenhill, Sarah Lipsius, Yoko Tanaka, Chris Bushe, Rodrigo Escobar, Alexandra N Heinloth, Himanshu Upadhyaya
We identified relapse/maintenance-of-response (MOR) predictors following discontinuation of long-term atomoxetine treatment in pediatric and adult patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and assessed correlations between ADHD symptoms and quality of life (QoL). Post hoc analyses of data from two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 withdrawal studies in patients with ADHD meeting predefined response criteria before randomization. Study 1: patients (N = 163; 6-15 years) received atomoxetine (1...
May 5, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476615/deficits-in-spatial-learning-and-memory-in-adult-mice-following-acute-low-or-moderate-levels-of-prenatal-ethanol-exposure-during-gastrulation-or-neurulation
#17
Uta B Schambra, C Nicole Lewis, Theresa A Harrison
Debate continues on the merits of strictly limiting alcohol consumption during all of pregnancy, and whether "safe" consumption levels and/or times exist. Only a relatively few experimental studies have been conducted that limit the timing of exposure to specific events during development and the exposure level to one that might model sporadic, incidental drinking during pregnancy. In the present study, the effects of two acute gavage exposures to low and moderate levels of ethanol (peak blood ethanol concentrations (BEC) of 104 and 177mg/dl, respectively) either during gastrulation on gestational day (GD) 7 (at GD7:0h and GD7:4h) or during neurulation on GD8 (at GD8:6h and GD8:10h) on the spatial learning and memory abilities of adult mice in the radial arm maze (RAM) were examined...
May 2, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473750/no-association-between-cortical-gyrification-or-intrinsic-curvature-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#18
Natalie J Forde, Lisa Ronan, Marcel P Zwiers, Aaron F Alexander-Bloch, Stephen V Faraone, Jaap Oosterlaan, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Catharina A Hartman, Jan K Buitelaar, Pieter J Hoekstra
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies have highlighted subcortical, cortical, and structural connectivity abnormalities associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Gyrification investigations of the cortex have been inconsistent and largely negative, potentially due to a lack of sensitivity of the previously used morphological parameters. The innovative approach of applying intrinsic curvature analysis, which is predictive of gyrification pattern, to the cortical surface applied herein allowed us greater sensitivity to determine whether the structural connectivity abnormalities thus far identified at a centimeter scale also occur at a millimeter scale within the cortical surface...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473157/co-occurring-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-adults-affected-by-heroin-dependence-patients-characteristics-and-treatment-needs
#19
Fabio Lugoboni, Frances Rudnick Levin, Maria Chiara Pieri, Matteo Manfredini, Lorenzo Zamboni, Lorenzo Somaini, Gilberto Gerra, Gruppo InterSert Collaborazione Scientifica Gics
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a risk for substance use disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between adult ADHD symptoms, opioid use disorder, life dysfunction and co-occurring psychiatric symptoms. 1057 heroin dependent patients on opioid substitution treatment participated in the survey. All patients were screened for adult ADHD symptoms using the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS-v1.1). 19.4% of the patients screened positive for concurrent adult ADHD symptoms status and heroin dependence...
April 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466614/do-you-see-it-my-way-the-clinical-evaluation-of-adhd-by-the-different-pediatric-subspecialties
#20
Yael Leitner, Alexis Mitelpunkt, Idit Posner, Noa Vardi
BACKGROUND: Six medical disciplines are responsible for assessment, diagnosis and treatment of people with attention deficiency hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Israel: family doctors, pediatricians, adult and child neurologists, adult and child psychiatrists. OBJECTIVES: To investigate differences in ADHD diagnostic practices between three different pediatric subspecialties in the clinical setting in order to establish a common ground for a future unified approach...
November 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
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