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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327443/correcting-delayed-circadian-phase-with-bright-light-therapy-predicts-improvement-in-adhd-symptoms-a-pilot-study
#1
Rachel E Fargason, Aaron D Fobian, Lauren M Hablitz, Jodi R Paul, Brittny A White, Karen L Cropsey, Karen L Gamble
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common condition with comorbid insomnia reported in >70% of children and adults. These patients demonstrate delays in sleep-wake rhythms, nocturnal rise in melatonin, and early morning rise in cortisol. Given that standard psychopharmacologic treatments for ADHD often do not completely control symptoms in participants with circadian rhythm delay, we sought to test whether bright light therapy (BLT) advances circadian rhythms and further reduces ADHD symptoms over standard treatments...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322079/removal-notice
#2
(no author information available yet)
Leikauf, J. E., & Solanto, M. V. (2016). Sluggish Cognitive Tempo, Internalizing Symptoms, and Executive Function in Adults With ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1087054716659361.
April 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321605/long-term-effects-of-stimulant-exposure-on-cerebral-blood-flow-response-to-methylphenidate-and-behavior-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
Anouk Schrantee, C Bouziane, E E Bron, S Klein, M A Bottelier, J J S Kooij, S A R B Rombouts, L Reneman
Stimulant prescription rates for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are increasing, even though potential long-term effects on the developing brain have not been well-studied. A previous randomized clinical trial showed short-term age-dependent effects of stimulants on the DA system. We here assessed the long-term modifying effects of age-of-first-stimulant treatment on the human brain and behavior. 81 male adult ADHD patients were stratified into three groups: 1) early stimulant treatment (EST; <16 years of age) 2) late stimulant treatment (LST: ≥23 years of age) and 3) stimulant treatment naive (STN; no history of stimulant treatment)...
March 20, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314458/facilitating-transition-from-high-school-and-special-education-to-adult-life-focus-on-youth-with-learning-disorders-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-speech-language-impairments
#4
REVIEW
Lee I Ascherman, Julia Shaftel
Youth with learning disorders, speech/language disorders, and/or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder may experience significant struggles during the transition from high school to postsecondary education and employment. These disorders often occur in combination or concurrently with behavioral and emotional difficulties. Incomplete evaluation may not fully identify the factors underlying academic and personal challenges. This article reviews these disorders, the role of special education law for transitional age youth in public schools, and the Americans with Disabilities Act in postsecondary educational and employment settings...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295312/young-adult-outcomes-in-the-follow-up-of-the-multimodal-treatment-study-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptom-persistence-source-discrepancy-and-height-suppression
#5
James M Swanson, L Eugene Arnold, Brooke S G Molina, Margaret H Sibley, Lily T Hechtman, Stephen P Hinshaw, Howard B Abikoff, Annamarie Stehli, Elizabeth B Owens, John T Mitchell, Quyen Nichols, Andrea Howard, Laurence L Greenhill, Betsy Hoza, Jeffrey H Newcorn, Peter S Jensen, Benedetto Vitiello, Timothy Wigal, Jeffery N Epstein, Leanne Tamm, Kimberly D Lakes, James Waxmonsky, Marc Lerner, Joy Etcovitch, Desiree W Murray, Maximilian Muenke, Maria T Acosta, Mauricio Arcos-Burgos, William E Pelham, Helena C Kraemer
BACKGROUND: The Multimodal Treatment Study (MTA) began as a 14-month randomized clinical trial of behavioral and pharmacological treatments of 579 children (7-10 years of age) diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-combined type. It transitioned into an observational long-term follow-up of 515 cases consented for continuation and 289 classmates (258 without ADHD) added as a local normative comparison group (LNCG), with assessments 2-16 years after baseline. METHODS: Primary (symptom severity) and secondary (adult height) outcomes in adulthood were specified...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293481/a-genetic-variant-within-sts-previously-associated-with-inattention-in-boys-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-is-associated-with-enhanced-cognition-in-healthy-adult-males
#6
Trevor Humby, Amelia Fisher, Christopher Allen, Meghann Reynolds, Annette Hartman, Ina Giegling, Dan Rujescu, William Davies
INTRODUCTION: The enzyme steroid sulfatase (STS) converts sulfated steroids to their non-sulfated forms. Deficiency for this enzyme is associated with inattention but preserved response control. The polymorphism rs17268988 within the X-linked STS gene is associated with inattentive, but not other, symptoms in boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: We initially tested whether rs17268988 genotype was associated with attention, response control, and underlying aspects of cognition, using questionnaires and neuropsychological tasks, in two independent cohorts of healthy adult males...
March 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292705/prefrontal-and-parietal-correlates-of-cognitive-control-related-to-the-adult-outcome-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-diagnosed-in-childhood
#7
Kurt P Schulz, Xiaobo Li, Suzanne M Clerkin, Jin Fan, Olga G Berwid, Jeffrey H Newcorn, Jeffrey M Halperin
The protracted and highly variable development of prefrontal cortex regions that support cognitive control has been purported to shape the adult outcome of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This neurodevelopmental model was tested in a prospectively followed sample of 27 adult probands who were diagnosed with ADHD in childhood and 28 carefully matched comparison subjects aged 21-28 years. Probands were classified with persistent ADHD or remitted ADHD. Behavioral and neural responses to the Stimulus and Response Conflict Task (SRCT) performed during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) were compared in probands and comparison subjects and in probands with persistent and remitted ADHD...
February 20, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290271/diminished-modulation-of-preparatory-sensorimotor-mu-rhythm-predicts-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-severity
#8
N Ter Huurne, D Lozano-Soldevilla, M Onnink, C Kan, J Buitelaar, O Jensen
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by problems in regulating attention and in suppressing disruptive motor activity, i.e. hyperactivity and impulsivity. We recently found evidence that aberrant distribution of posterior α band oscillations (8-12 Hz) is associated with attentional problems in ADHD. The sensorimotor cortex also produces strong 8-12 Hz band oscillations, namely the μ rhythm, and is thought to have a similar inhibitory function...
March 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285251/neurodevelopmental-disorders-in-young-violent-offenders-overlap-and-background-characteristics
#9
Eva Billstedt, Henrik Anckarsäter, Märta Wallinius, Björn Hofvander
Neurodevelopmental disorders (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), tic disorder, intellectual disability (ID)), in prison populations have received increased attention but the focus has generally been on one single condition leaving out the global picture. This study assessed the prevalence and overlap of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) in a consecutive cohort (n=270) of young adult male offenders (age 18-25 years), sentenced for "hands-on" violent offences and serving prison time in Swedish prisons...
March 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284985/deficits-in-inhibitory-force-control-in-young-adults-with-adhd
#10
Kristina A Neely, Peiyuan Wang, Amanda P Chennavasin, Shaadee Samimy, Jacqueline Tucker, Andrea Merida, Koraly Perez-Edgar, Cynthia Huang-Pollock
Poor inhibitory control is a well-established cognitive correlate of adults with ADHD. However, the simple reaction time (RT) task used in a majority of studies records performance errors only via the presence or absence of a single key press. This all-or-nothing response makes it impossible to capture subtle differences in underlying processes that shape performance. Subsequently, all-or-nothing tasks may underestimate the prevalence of executive function deficits in ADHD. The current study measured inhibitory control using a standard Go/No-Go RT task and a more sensitive continuous grip force task among adults with (N=51, 22 female) and without (N=51, 29 female) ADHD...
March 9, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280346/trend-characteristics-and-pharmacotherapy-of-adults-diagnosed-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-nationwide-survey-in-taiwan
#11
Yu-Shian Cheng, Yu-Chiau Shyu, Sheng-Yu Lee, Shin-Sheng Yuan, Chun-Ju Yang, Kang-Chung Yang, Tung-Liang Lee, Liang-Jen Wang
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults may result in functional impairment warranting clinical interventions. However, few studies have investigated the diagnosis and treatment rates of adult ADHD in non-Caucasian ethnic groups. This study used nationwide population-based data to investigate the rate of diagnosis, associated characteristics, and pharmacological treatment for adult ADHD in Taiwan. METHODS: Adults (age ≥18 years) newly diagnosed with ADHD (n=5,397) between January 2000 and December 2011 were enrolled from the National Health Insurance database in Taiwan...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277154/comprehension-of-direct-and-indirect-sarcastic-remarks-in-children-and-adolescents-with-tourette-s-syndrome
#12
Helena Drury, Shivani Shah, Jeremy S Stern, Sarah Crawford, Shelley Channon
Previous research has reported that aspects of social cognition such as nonliteral language comprehension are impaired in adults with Tourette's syndrome (TS), but little is known about social cognition in children and adolescents with TS. The present study aims to evaluate a measure of sarcasm comprehension suitable for use with children and adolescents (Experiment 1), and to examine sarcasm comprehension in children and adolescents with TS-alone or TS and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; Experiment 2)...
February 8, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276052/perception-of-emotional-prosody-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
B Kis, N Guberina, M Kraemer, F Niklewski, I Dziobek, J Wiltfang, M Abdel-Hamid
OBJECTIVE: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with social conflicts. The purpose of this study was to explore domains of social cognition in adult patients with ADHD. METHODS: The assessment of social cognition was based on established neuropsychological tests: the Tübinger Affect Battery (TAB) for prosody and the Cambridge Behaviour Scale (CBS) for empathy. The performance of adults with ADHD (N = 28) was compared with the performance of a control group (N = 29) matched according to basic demographic variables...
March 9, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272130/pharmacological-treatment-of-adhd-in-addicted-patients-what-does-the-literature-tell-us
#14
Pieter-Jan Carpentier, Frances R Levin
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After participating in this activity, learners should be better able to:• Evaluate pharmacologic treatment of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in patients with substance use disorder (SUD) • Assess the causes of the diminished efficacy of ADHD medication in patients with comorbid SUD OBJECTIVE: Substance use disorder (SUD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) frequently co-occur, and the presence of ADHD complicates the treatment of the addiction...
March 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266790/short-report-symptom-overlap-on-the-srs-2-adult-self-report-between-adults-with-asd-and-adults-with-high-anxiety
#15
Mikle South, AnnaLisa W Carr, Kevin G Stephenson, Max E Maisel, Jonathan C Cox
Many people diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) also experience significant symptoms of anxiety, while many people with anxiety disorders likewise experience social difficulties. These concerns can be difficult to tease apart in general clinical settings. The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) is one of the most frequently used measures of dimensional ASD symptoms. In order to investigate the overlap of autism and anxiety on the SRS, we compared three groups of adults (an ASD group, n = 40; a high anxious group, n = 56; and a typical comparison group, n = 29) using the new Adult Self Report version of the SRS-2nd Edition (SRS-2-ASR) alongside a battery of anxiety questionnaires...
March 7, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266244/psychopathological-temperamental-and-characteristic-factors-in-adults-with-remaining-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-symptoms
#16
Kyoung Min Kim, Sojeong Nam, Soo Yeon Kim, Soo Min Lee, Jae-Won Choi, Taewoong Kang, Jun Won Kim
OBJECTIVES: To investigate differences in psychopathological, temperamental and characteristic factors between young adults with and without persistent Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. METHODS: A total of 429 university students were divided into three groups: persistent adult ADHD (n = 53), only childhood ADHD (n = 56) and healthy controls (n = 320). The Korean Adult ADHD Scale, Korean Wender-Utah Rating Scale, Beck Depression Inventory-II, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, Korean Young Internet Addiction Scale, and Temperament Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R; based on Cloninger's seven factor model of temperament and character) were used to evaluate psychopathological factors...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262601/il-6-and-tnf-%C3%AE-in-unmedicated-adults-with-adhd-relationship-to-cortisol-awakening-response
#17
M Corominas-Roso, A Armario, G Palomar, M Corrales, J Carrasco, V Richarte, R Ferrer, M Casas, J A Ramos-Quiroga
There is preliminary evidence that the immune system's cytokines may have impact on ADHD in children. Nevertheless, studies exploring the possible role of pro-inflammatory cytokines in adults with ADHD are lacking. This study aimed to assess differences in serum IL-6 and TNF-α between patients and controls and their possible relationship to resting cortisol. 108 adults with ADHD (DSM-IV), 44 inattentive and 64 combined, age ranging between 18 and 55 years, and 27 healthy controls were included. Major psychiatric disorders and organic comorbidities were excluded...
February 20, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260624/psychometric-properties-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-self-report-scale-asrs-j-and-its-short-scale-in-accordance-with-dsm-5-diagnostic-criteria
#18
Toshinobu Takeda, Yui Tsuji, Hiroshi Kurita
We developed the Japanese version of the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS-J) and report its psychometric properties. The ASRS-J and other questionnaires were administered to 48 adults with ADHD, 46 adults with non-ADHD psychiatric disorders, 96 non-clinical adults, and 894 university students. ADHD diagnoses were made using the Japanese semi-structured diagnostic interview for adult ADHD, which is compatible with the DSM-5. The ASRS-J, its subscales, and the short form, all had Cronbach's α values of around 0...
March 2, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259864/-an-attempt-to-identify-22q11-2-microdeletions-in-samples-of-the-hungarian-schizophrenia-dna-bank-by-multiplex-ligation-based-probe-amplification-mlpa-literature-review-methodology-and-results
#19
Izabella Klein, Katalin Szocs, Katalin Vincze, Judit Benkovits, Szilvia Somogyi, Levente Herman, Janos M Rethelyi
Schizophrenia is a severe debilitating psychiatric disorder, with a typical onset in adolescence or early adulthood. This condition is characterized by heterogeneous symptoms (hallucinations, delusions, disorganized behaviour, affective flattening, and social isolation) and a life-time prevalence of 0.5-1.2%. In spite of the efforts to uncover the etiology of the disorder, its pathogenesis and neurobiological background are poorly understood. Given the high heritability in schizophrenia, genetic research remains an important area of focus...
December 2016: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256698/-treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adults-using-virtual-reality-through-a-mindfulness-programme
#20
J F Serra-Pla, M Pozuelo, V Richarte, M Corrales, P Ibanez, M Bellina, R Vidal, E Calvo, M Casas, J A Ramos-Quiroga
INTRODUCTION: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder, which presents a high comorbidity with anxiety and affective signs and symptoms. It has repercussions on the functioning of those suffering from it, who also have low therapy compliance and generate a significant cost both at a personal level and for society. Mindfulness is a psychological treatment that has proved to be effective for ADHD. Virtual reality is widely used as treatment in cases of phobias and other pathologies, with positive results...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
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