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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928587/unexpected-complication-after-caudal-epidural-steroid-injection-hiccup
#1
Ayhan Kaydu, Ebru Tarıkçı Kılıç, Erhan Gökçek, Mehmet Salim Akdemir
Persistent hiccup is uncommon, and the mechanism is poorly understood. We present the case of a 43-year-old male patient referred to the Algology department due to chronic back pain who developed what we believe a rare case of persistent hiccup secondary to caudal epidural steroid injection (CESI). The causes of hiccup are many and include electrolyte derangement, nutritional deficiencies, gastrointestinal disorders and instrumentation, cardiovascular disorders, renal impairment, central nervous system disorders, and drugs; however, the cause may be unknown...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928574/impact-of-different-approaches-of-epidural-steroid-injection-on-outcome-of-patients-treated-for-low-backache
#2
Sukhdeep Kaur, Ruchi Gupta, Saru Singh, Raj Kumar, Kulvinder Singh
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of epidural steroid injections through different approaches using pain relief and improvement in functional capacity as outcome measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients with low backache and unilateral radiculopathy were randomly assigned to three groups of twenty patients each, for undergoing lumbar epidural steroid injection (LESI) through midline, transforaminal, and paramedian approaches under fluoroscopic guidance...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914617/distribution-patterns-of-the-vulnerable-vessels-around-cervical-nerve-roots-a-computed-tomography-based-study
#3
Donghwi Park
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of vulnerable vessels around the target of cervical transforaminal epidural steroid injection at the C3-C7 cervical nerve root levels in a clinical setting. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted. PARTICIPANTS: Patients complaining of neck or arm pain with no previous surgical history and who had undergone both precontrast and contrast-enhanced neck computed tomography were included retrospectively...
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838872/the-value-of-short-term-pain-relief-in-predicting-the-long-term-outcome-of-lumbar-transforaminal-epidural-steroid-injections
#4
Holger Joswig, Armin Neff, Christina Ruppert, Gerhard Hildebrandt, Martin Nikolaus Stienen
BACKGROUND: A previous report demonstrated the predictive power of short-term leg pain relief after lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injection for 1-month treatment response. The question whether the long-term response could be similarly predicted remained unanswered. METHODS: A prospective cohort of n=57 patients who underwent transforaminal epidural steroid injection for sciatica secondary to a lumbar disc herniation was followed for 24 months. Leg and back pain on the visual analog scale, health-related quality of life with the Short Form-12 and functional outcome with the Oswestry Disability Index were assessed...
August 21, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827823/comparison-of-efficacy-of-continuous-epidural-block-and-pulsed-radiofrequency-to-the-dorsal-root-ganglion-for-management-of-pain-persisting-beyond-the-acute-phase-of-herpes-zoster
#5
Eung Don Kim, Young In Lee, Hue Jung Park
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence regarding the effectiveness of intervention methods in the treatment of zoster-related pain (ZAP) after the acute phase of zoster. Generally, if ZAP remains after more than 180 days from its onset, the likelihood of pain reduction is very low; this condition is considered as a "well established" post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN). Although the clinical efficacy of intrathecal steroid injection and spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for ZAP management has been reported, these interventions are not widely used due to inherent disadvantages...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807894/advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-neck-pain
#6
REVIEW
Steven P Cohen, W Michael Hooten
Neck pain imposes a considerable personal and socioeconomic burden-it is one of the top five chronic pain conditions in terms of prevalence and years lost to disability-yet it receives a fraction of the research funding given to low back pain. Although most acute episodes resolve spontaneously, more than a third of affected people still have low grade symptoms or recurrences more than one year later, with genetics and psychosocial factors being risk factors for persistence. Nearly half of people with chronic neck pain have mixed neuropathic-nociceptive symptoms or predominantly neuropathic symptoms...
August 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801567/effectiveness-of-a-multimodal-pain-management-concept-for-patients-with-cervical-radiculopathy-with-focus-on-cervical-epidural-injections
#7
Achim Benditz, Melanie Brunner, Florian Zeman, Felix Greimel, Völlner Florian, Daniel Boluki, Joachim Grifka, Markus Weber, Tobias Renkawitz
Cervical radiculopathy has become an increasing problem worldwide. Conservative treatment options have been recommended in many reviews on cervical radiculopathy, ranging from different types of physiotherapy to waiting for remission by natural history. No multimodal pain management concept (MPM) on an inpatient basis has been evaluated. This study aimed at showing the positive short-term effects of an inpatient multimodal pain management concept with focus on cervical translaminar epidural steroid injection for patients with cervical radiculopathy...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796547/do-superior-or-inferior-interlaminar-approach-or-bevel-orientation-predispose-to-nonepidural-needle-penetration
#8
Nicholas A Koontz, Richard H Wiggins, Gregory J Stoddard, Lubdha M Shah
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of evidence-based literature regarding the advantages and disadvantages of the interlaminar approach and needle bevel orientation for performing a lumbar interlaminar epidural steroid injection (ESI). The purpose of this study was to determine if superior versus inferior lamina approach, needle bevel tip orientation, or both may predispose to inadvertent nonepidural penetration during lumbar interlaminar ESI. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A prospective study was performed of patients with low back pain with or without radicular pain or neurogenic claudication referred for lumbar interlaminar ESI...
August 10, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759948/the-role-of-epidural-contrast-distribution-in-predicting-the-effectiveness-of-steroid-and-local-anesthetic-injection-in-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#9
Jong Won Kwon, Sang Jun Kim
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective observational comparative study. BACKGROUND: Because epidural corticosteroids are more effective for pain relief when delivered close to the site of pathology, lumbar spinal stenosis with multilevel stenotic areas can be treated more effectively when medications cover all of the stenotic areas. Distribution of medications to the pathologic sites is considered an important factor in the effectiveness of inter-laminar epidural injection...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758078/contrast-spread-in-the-superoposterior-approach-of-transforaminal-epidural-steroid-injections-for-lumbosacral-radiculopathy
#10
Young Cheol Jeong, Chung Ho Lee, Seok Kang, Joon Shik Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To observe the contrast spread in superoposterior transforaminal epidural steroid injection (SP TFESI) and investigate the correlation between spread patterns and efficacy. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with lumbosacral radiculopathy underwent single-level TFESI under fluoroscopy. The final needle tip position was targeted toward the SP quadrant of the intervertebral foramen. To observe the spread, 1 mL of contrast material was injected, followed by a steroid injection...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757923/comparison-of-clinical-efficacy-in-epidural-steroid-injections-through-transforaminal-or-parasagittal-approaches
#11
Ji Hee Hong, Eun Kyul Park, Ki Bum Park, Ji Hoon Park, Sung Won Jung
BACKGROUND: The transforaminal (TF) epidural steroid injection (ESI) is suggested as more effective than the interlaminar (IL) route due to higher delivery of medication at the anterior epidural space. However, serious complications such as spinal cord injury and permanent neural injury have been reported. The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare the clinical effectiveness, technical ease, and safety of the TF and parasagittal IL (PIL) ESI. METHODS: A total of 72 patients were randomized to either the PIL group (n = 41) or the TF group (n = 31) under fluoroscopic guidance...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745066/a-comparison-of-the-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-the-treatments-for-sciatica-a-network-meta-analysis
#12
Jian-Rong Guo, Xiao-Ju Jin, Hua-Chun Shen, Huan Wang, Xun Zhou, Xiao-Qian Liu, Na-Na Zhu
BACKGROUND: There remains a lack of a systematic summary of the efficacy and safety of various medicines for sciatica, and discrepancies among these exist. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to comprehensively assess the efficacy of and tolerance to several medical options for the treatment of sciatica. METHODS: We performed a network meta-analysis and illustrated the results by the mean difference or odds ratio. The surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) was used for indicating the preferable treatments...
July 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742241/cervical-epidural-injection-in-management-of-refractory-pain-and-stiffness-in-spondyloarthropathy-a-case-report-series
#13
Semih Gungor, Rohit Aiyer, Doruk Erkan
In this case report series, we present the management of three patients with cervical epidural steroid injection, who presented with neck pain and stiffness secondary to spondyloarthropathy refractory to conservative management. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
July 25, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726118/epidural-steroid-injection-related-events-requiring-hospitalisation-or-emergency-room-visits-among-52-935-procedures-performed-at-a-single-centre
#14
Joon Woo Lee, Eugene Lee, Guen Young Lee, Yusuhn Kang, Joong Mo Ahn, Heung Sik Kang
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the incidence and type of epidural steroid injection (ESI)-related adverse events, including procedure-related complications and drug-related systemic effects requiring hospitalisation or emergency room (ER) visits. METHODS: This study included 52,935 ESI procedures performed in 22,059 patients in our department from March 2004 to February 2016. Of these, we retrospectively reviewed the cases of 1570 patients (1713 procedures) who were hospitalised or visited the ER within 1 month after ESI...
July 19, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720990/selective-nerve-root-blocks-vs-caudal-epidural-injection-for-single-level-prolapsed-lumbar-intervertebral-disc-a-prospective-randomized-study
#15
Sudhir Singh, Sanjiv Kumar, Gaurav Chahal, Reetu Verma
BACKGROUND: Chronic lumbar radiculopathy has a lifetime prevalence of 5.3% in men and 3.7% in women. It usually resolves spontaneously, but up to 30% cases will have pronounced symptoms even after one year. AIMS: A prospective randomized single-blind study was conducted to compare the efficacy of caudal epidural steroid injection and selective nerve root block in management of pain and disability in cases of lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: Eighty patients with confirmed single-level lumbar disc herniation were equally divided in two groups: (a) caudal epidural and (b) selective nerve root block group, by a computer-generated random allocation method...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710985/spinal-cord-compression-secondary-to-idiopathic-thoracic-epidural-lipomatosis-in-an-adolescent-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
Rumaiza Al-Yafeai, Yazid Maghrabi, Hussein Malibary, Saleh Baeesa
INTRODUCTION: Spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL) is a rare condition that presents with progressive spinal cord or nerve root compression. It is commonly reported in patients receiving long-term exogenous steroid therapy or in patients with endogenous steroid overproduction. The occurrence of this condition as an idiopathic entity is rarely reported. CASE PRESENTATION: The authors present the clinical course and outcome of a 16-year-old male student, who presented with progressive spastic paraparesis of a one-year duration caused by idiopathic spinal epidural lipomatosis...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704909/tophaceous-gout-in-the-lumbar-spinal-canal-mimicking-epidural-spinal-tumor
#17
Taeshin Kim, Bum-Joon Kim, Se-Hoon Kim, Seung-Hwan Lee
Gout is an inflammatory arthritis characterized by deposition of monosodium urate crystals in joints. Though gout frequently involves the big toe or other extremities, it rarely occurs in the spinal canal. A 35-year-old man presented with left L5 radiculopathy. He had leg pain for 8 months and received several epidural steroid injections. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 1.7×1.1-cm ovoid contrast-enhancing mass, causing pressure erosion of the left L5 pedicle. Microscopic laminotomy was performed at the left L5 lamina...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696946/optimal-treatment-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-an-update
#18
Janus Patel, Ian Osburn, Anne Wanaselja, Ryan Nobles
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Our review of current literature within the past 12-24 months for the treatment of lumbar spinals stenosis (LSS) serves to update providers on recent advances and comparisons regarding therapy spanning lifestyle modification, pharmacologic therapy, minimally invasive interventions, and surgical interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: Current literature supporting the inclusion of physical therapy and gabapentin/pregabalin within an initial treatment regimen have been positive...
July 10, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681962/systematic-review-of-management-of-chronic-pain-after-surgery
#19
REVIEW
V Wylde, J Dennis, A D Beswick, J Bruce, C Eccleston, N Howells, T J Peters, R Gooberman-Hill
BACKGROUND: Pain present for at least 3 months after a surgical procedure is considered chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) and affects 10-50 per cent of patients. Interventions for CPSP may focus on the underlying condition that indicated surgery, the aetiology of new-onset pain or be multifactorial in recognition of the diverse causes of this pain. The aim of this systematic review was to identify RCTs of interventions for the management of CPSP, and synthesize data across treatment type to estimate their effectiveness and safety...
September 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667547/transversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-versus-thoracic-epidural-analgesia-tea-in-laparoscopic-colon-surgery-in-the-eras-program
#20
Basilio Pirrera, Vincenzo Alagna, Andrea Lucchi, Pierluigi Berti, Carlo Gabbianelli, Giacomo Martorelli, Lorella Mozzoni, Federico Ruggeri, Alessandro Ingardia, Giuseppe Nardi, Gianluca Garulli
AIM: The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathway and laparoscopic approach had been proven beneficial for patients and should now be considered as a standard of care in colorectal surgery. Multimodal analgesia is the gold standard in the ERAS program with the use of thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA). Few data are available on Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks in laparoscopic colorectal surgery and ERAS pathway. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of TAP block compared to TEA in the management of postoperative pain and the impact on the recurrence of postoperative nausea, vomiting and ileus in laparoscopic colorectal surgery in the ERAS program...
July 1, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
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