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Epidural steroids

Andrew J Engel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Adnan Bashir Bhatti, Sunny Kim
A 79-year-old female presented with incapacitating chronic neck pain. The patient's pain which was greatest on the left side persisted for 18 months and was described as stabbing in nature (10/10 intensity). In addition to her neck pain, the patient described having frequent headaches. After six weeks of physical therapy and undergoing a rhizotomy procedure, she showed no prolonged improvement. An epidural steroid injection provided only temporary pain relief and was followed by a successful posterior fusion using the Harms technique with iliac crest autogenous bone grafting and placement of polyaxial screws in the C1 lateral masses and C2 pedicles...
September 21, 2016: Curēus
Joseph S Hudson, Kingsley Abode-Iyamah, Yasunori Nagahama, Chandan G Reddy
BACKGROUND: Ionic contrast, if accidentally injected into the intrathecal space during routine imaging studies or interventional procedures, may significantly interfere with neuronal activity, potentially causing ascending tonic-clonic seizure syndrome and even death. As a result, ionic contrast is strictly contraindicated for intrathecal use. Rapid recognition of the condition followed by prompt management, typically involving aggressive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage, is critical to improving patient outcome...
October 17, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Gregory G Billy, Ji Lin, Mengzhao Gao, Mosuk X Chow
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical outcome analysis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and determine whether demographic, comorbid factors, or physical examination findings may predict the outcome of caudal epidural steroid injections in managing patients with chronic low back pain and radiculopathy SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: The caudal epidural approach is commonly utilized with patients who are on anticoagulation or who have had prior lumbar surgery to treat L5 or S1 radiculopathies...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Jean-Denis Laredo, Elisabeth Laemmel, Eric Vicaut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: RMD Open
Saru Singh, Kulvinder Singh, Ruchi Gupta, Nayyamat Kaur, Pranav Bansal, Sanjeet Singh
CONTEXT AND AIM: The assessment of severity of low back pain includes subjective questionnaires to quantify the impact on routine life. The objective of current study was to correlate various quality of life (QOL) scores to the clinical outcome measured as improvement in Visual Analog Score (VAS) after interventional treatment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-one consecutive chronic low backache patients were assessed for pain intensity using VAS, revised Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Quebec's, Roland-Morris disability questionnaire (RMDQ), and depression score at presentation...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Fei Wang, Qian Zhou, Lizu Xiao, Juan Yang, Donglin Xong, Disen Li, LiPing Liu, Sigdha Ancha, Jianguo Cheng
BACKGROUND: We demonstrated a combination of pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) and cervical nerve root block (CNRB) via a posterior approach was superior to a transforaminal epidural steroid injection through the anterolateral approach for cervical radicular pain in a previous study. This randomized trial was conducted to determine the comparative efficacy between CNRB, PRF, and CNRB + PRF for cervical radicular pain. METHODS: A prospective and randomized design was used in this study...
October 14, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Alfred C Gellhorn, Pradeep Suri, Sean Rundell, Nathan Olafsen, M Jake Carlson, Steve Johnson, Adrielle Fry, Thiru Anaswammy, Christopher Gilligan, Bryan Comstock, Patrick Heagerty, Janna Friedly, Jeffrey G Jarvik
BACKGROUND: Minimal longitudinal data exist regarding the role of lumbar musculature in predicting back pain and function. In cross sectional study designs, there is often atrophy of the segmental multifidus muscle in subjects with low back pain compared with matched controls. However, the cross sectional design of these studies prevents drawing conclusions regarding whether lumbar muscle characteristics predict or modify future back pain or function. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective is to determine if the cross sectional area (CSA) of lumbar muscles predicts functional status or back pain at 6- or 12-month follow-up in older adults with spinal degeneration...
October 6, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Serbülent Gökhan Beyaz
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: we compared the 12 month outcomes of fluoroscopically guided transforaminal epidural steroid injections with interlaminar epidural steroid injections for the treatment of chronic lumbar spinal pain. Chronic lower back pain is a multifactorial disorder with many possible etiologies. The lifetime prevalence of spinal pain is reportedly 65-80% in the neck and lower back. Epidural injection of corticosteroids is a commonly used intervention for managing chronic spinal pain...
September 30, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Duygu Tecer, Emre Adiguzel, Arif Kenan Tan, Mehmet Ali Taskaynatan
OBJECTIVE:  To explore the outcome differences of lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI) according to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in patients with lumbar radicular pain. DESIGN:  Retrospective study. SETTING:  Single university-based interventional pain management unit. PATIENTS:  Fifty-nine patients who had lumbar radicular pain with a recent lumbar MRI and three-month follow-up were included...
October 2, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Stefan Hartveldt, Stein J Janssen, Kirkham B Wood, Thomas D Cha, Joseph H Schwab, Christopher M Bono, Louis G Jenis
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relation between exposure to epidural steroid injection (ESI) before surgery and occurrence of surgical site infection (SSI) for degenerative lumbar spine conditions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The effect of local ESI on the occurrence of SSI is controversial. METHODS: Patients who underwent surgery for degenerative lumbar spine conditions at two centers between 2005 and 2015 were identified...
October 1, 2016: Spine
Marco Lechmann, Andrea Rosskopf, Christine Ehrmann, Reto Sutter, Christian W A Pfirrmann, Cynthia K Peterson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether specific MRI findings are related to outcomes after lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injections (TFESI) and to assess the inter-rater reliability of imaging diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective outcomes study on 156 consecutive patients with 1-month follow-up outcomes data and MRI within 3 months of TFESI was conducted. Pain levels (numerical rating scale) (NRS) were recorded prior to injection. Overall 'improvement' was determined using the Patients Global Impression of Change (PGIC) scale and NRS data were collected at three time points post injection...
September 28, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Janna L Friedly, Todd Edwards, Danielle Lavallee, Zoya Bauer, Una Makris, Srdj Nedeljkovic, Pradeep Suri, Jeffrey J Jarvik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Gregory Decker, Berdale Colorado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Janna L Friedly, Bryan A Comstock, Christopher J Standaert, Srdj Nedeljkovic, David J Kennedy, David M Sibell, Pradeep Suri, Venu Akuthota, Thiru M Annaswamy, Zoya Bauer, Jeffrey J Jarvik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
S H Lee, H J Ahn, S M Yeon, M Yang, J A Kim, D M Jung, J H Park
Atrial fibrillation is the most frequent arrhythmia after thoracic surgery and is associated with increased hospital costs, morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to identify potentially modifiable risk factors for postoperative atrial fibrillation following lung resection surgery and to suggest possible measures to reduce risk. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 4731 patients who underwent lobectomy or more major lung resection over a 6-year period. Patients who developed atrial fibrillation postoperatively and required treatment were included in the postoperative atrial fibrillation group, while the remaining patients were assigned to the non-postoperative atrial fibrillation group...
September 26, 2016: Anaesthesia
Chan Hong Park, Sang Ho Lee
BACKGROUND : Spinal stenosis is characterized by narrowing of the spinal canal, with mechanical compression of spinal nerve roots. The latter may cause low back pain and/or leg pain, as well as neurogenic claudication. Epidural steroid injection is commonly used to treat patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), but percutaneous epidural adhesiolysis has been utilized when symptoms prove refractory. Our goal was to assess the relationship between improvement shown on epidurogram and subjective patient response to adhesiolysis...
September 20, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Holger Joswig, Armin Neff, Christina Ruppert, Gerhard Hildebrandt, Martin Nikolaus Stienen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2016: World Neurosurgery
J C Tien, M J Lim, W L Leong, E Lew
BACKGROUND: The KK Women's and Children's Hospital is a tertiary obstetric unit with approximately 11000 deliveries per year. Epidural analgesia is used in about 40% of laboring women. We reviewed the incidence and management of post-dural puncture headache over a nine-year period. METHODS: A retrospective audit of labor epidural analgesia database records from 1 June 2005 to 31 May 2014 was conducted, identifying an "event" as an accidental dural puncture, an inadvertent intrathecal catheter insertion and/or development of a post-dural puncture headache...
June 30, 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
E Shim, J W Lee, E Lee, T Im, Y Kang, J M Ahn, H S Kang
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of facet joint injection (FJI) for patients with lumbar central canal stenosis (LCS) in comparison with epidural steroid injection (ESI) in the same individuals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred and fifty-two patients who underwent both FJI and ESI for LCS between January 2014 and December 2014 were considered for enrolment in the study. A radiologist retrospectively conducted a chart review and recorded which injection was chosen as the third injection after sequential injections of FJI and ESI, and why clinicians chose the particular injection method...
October 8, 2016: Clinical Radiology
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