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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448883/exploring-the-attitudes-knowledge-and-beliefs-of-nurses-and-midwives-of-the-healthcare-needs-of-the-lgbtq-population-an-integrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Kate Stewart, Pauline O'Reilly
OBJECTIVES: To explore current literature surrounding the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of nurses and midwives of the healthcare needs of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer (LGBTQ) patients and their influence on equal and non-discriminatory care for LGBTQ individuals. DESIGN: Systematic integrative review. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, InterNurse. REVIEW METHODS: This integrative review used Wakefield's (2014) framework to establish the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of nurses and midwives of the healthcare needs of LGBTQ patients...
April 18, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448326/design-of-an-online-medication-safety-module-for-clinicians
#2
Hanan Khalil, Kirsten Schliephake
BACKGROUND: In Australia, there are very few online courses addressing medication safety issues. Educating clinicians about medication safety is paramount given the increased responsibility of clinicians in advanced practice roles including nurses at several key points throughout the medication process that encompass prescribing, dispensing, administering and monitoring medications. METHOD: The model used for the course design is based on adult teaching principles...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444521/leprosy-in-children
#3
REVIEW
Josafá Gonçalves Barreto, Marco Andrey Cipriani Frade, Fred Bernardes Filho, Moises Batista da Silva, John Stewart Spencer, Claudio Guedes Salgado
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This manuscript aims to review the cutting-edge developments regarding to the diagnosis, management, and prevention of leprosy in children. RECENT FINDINGS: Leprosy transmission still occurs continuously in some endemic areas in the world. Leprosy in children below 15 years old is a robust indicator of active source of infection in the community where they live. A special focus on children to reduce disabilities and reduce transmission is one of the core areas of interventions of the global leprosy strategy 2016-2020...
June 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442021/-yarn-with-me-applying-clinical-yarning-to-improve-clinician-patient-communication-in-aboriginal-health-care
#4
Ivan Lin, Charmaine Green, Dawn Bessarab
Although successful communication is at the heart of the clinical consultation, communication between Aboriginal patients and practitioners such as doctors, nurses and allied health professionals, continues to be problematic and is arguably the biggest barrier to the delivery of successful health care to Aboriginal people. This paper presents an overarching framework for practitioners to help them reorientate their communication with Aboriginal patients using 'clinical yarning'. Clinical yarning is a patient-centred approach that marries Aboriginal cultural communication preferences with biomedical understandings of health and disease...
November 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441906/setting-priorities-for-eu-healthcare-workforce-it-skills-competence-improvement
#5
Sisi Li, Panagiotis D Bamidis, Stathis Th Konstantinidis, Vicente Traver, Josip Car, Nabil Zary
A major challenge for healthcare quality improvement is the lack of IT skills and knowledge of healthcare workforce, as well as their ambivalent attitudes toward IT. This article identifies and prioritizes actions needed to improve the IT skills of healthcare workforce across the EU. A total of 46 experts, representing different fields of expertise in healthcare and geolocations, systematically listed and scored actions that would improve IT skills among healthcare workforce. The Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative methodology was used for research priority-setting...
April 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440754/novel-aspects-in-histopathology-of-the-pituitary-gland
#6
Francisco Tortosa, Susan M Webb
The sellar and parasellar region is a complex anatomical area in which several diseases may develop. The pituitary gland may be affected by a wide range of conditions having similar clinical characteristics. Diagnosis of these lesions requires a multidisciplinary approach including, in addition to clinical, laboratory, imaging, and surgical findings, histological diagnosis of pituitary adenomas to guide therapeutic management. As the result of development in recent years of new immunohistochemical techniques, histopathological classification has become more complex and wide, and not only continues to be the gold standard in diagnosis, but also has prognostic implications...
March 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440583/topical-antibiotics-and-intravitreal-injections
#7
REVIEW
Alex P Hunyor, Rohan Merani, Archie Darbar, Jean-François Korobelnik, Paolo Lanzetta, Annabelle A Okada
There is increasing evidence that topical antibiotics, given before and/or after intravitreal injections, are ineffective in preventing endophthalmitis and are possibly harmful. In addition to the lack of efficacy and increased development of resistant organisms, the use of topical antibiotics adds significantly to the cost of delivering intravitreal therapy. Despite this, in many countries, it is still common practice to use pre- and/or postinjection topical antibiotics. This review outlines the general principles of effective antibiotic prophylaxis, and the evidence regarding topical antibiotic use as a prophylactic measure for endophthalmitis following intravitreal injections...
April 25, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429527/balancing-health-care-education-and-patient-care-in-the-uk-workplace-a-realist-synthesis
#8
Sarah Sholl, Rola Ajjawi, Helen Allbutt, Jane Butler, Divya Jindal-Snape, Jill Morrison, Charlotte Rees
CONTEXT: Patient care activity has recently increased without a proportionate rise in workforce numbers, impacting negatively on health care workplace learning. Health care professionals are prepared in part by spending time in clinical practice, and for medical staff this constitutes a contribution to service. Although stakeholders have identified the balance between health care professional education and patient care as a key priority for medical education research, there have been very few reviews to date on this important topic...
April 20, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428731/governing-mobile-technology-use-for-continuing-professional-development-in-the-australian-nursing-profession
#9
Carey Ann Mather, Fred Gale, Elizabeth Anne Cummings
BACKGROUND: The rapid growth in the use of mobile technology in Australia has outpaced its governance, especially in healthcare settings. Whilst some Australian professional bodies and organisations have developed standards and guidelines to direct appropriate use of social media and mobile technology, clear governance arrangements regarding when, where and how to use mobile technology at point of care in nursing are currently lacking. DISCUSSION: This paper analyses how the use of mobile technology by nurses at point of care is governed...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425189/the-global-ethics-corner-foundations-beliefs-and-the-teaching-of-biomedical-and-scientific-ethics-around-the-world
#10
Henry Jakubowski, Jianping Xie, Arup Kumar Mitra, Ravindra Ghooi, Saman Hosseinkhani, Mohsen Alipour, Behnam Hajipour, George Obiero
The profound advances in the biomolecular sciences over the last decades have enabled similar advances in biomedicine. These advances have increasingly challenged our abilities to deploy them in an equitable and ethically acceptable manner. As such, it has become necessary and important to teach biomedical and scientific ethics to our students who will become the researchers, medical professionals, and global citizens of the future. As advances in the biosciences and medicine are made, developed, and used across the globe, our survival on an endangered planet requires global dialog and consensual action...
April 19, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424055/how-participation-in-surgical-mortality-audit-impacts-surgical-practice
#11
Chi-Wai Lui, Frances M Boyle, Arkadiusz Peter Wysocki, Peter Baker, Alisha D'Souza, Sonya Faint, Therese Rey-Conde, John B North
BACKGROUND: Surgical mortality audit is an important tool for quality assurance and professional development but little is known about the impact of such activity on professional practice at the individual surgeon level. This paper reports the findings of a survey conducted with a self-selected cohort of surgeons in Queensland, Australia, on their experience of participating in the audit and its impact on their professional practice, as well as implications for hospital systems. METHODS: The study used a descriptive cross-sectional survey design...
April 19, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417479/accp-template-for-evaluating-a-clinical-pharmacist
#12
Mary Lee, Melissa E Badowski, Nicole M Acquisto, Douglas F Covey, Brian D Fox, Sarah M Gaffney, Stuart T Haines, Michelle L Hilaire, Alexandre Raymond, Marissa C Salvo, Kyle Turner
ACCP is committed to ensuring that clinical pharmacists possess the competencies necessary to deliver comprehensive medication management in team-based, direct patient care environments. These competencies are divided into six essential domains: direct patient care, pharmacotherapy knowledge, systems-based care and population health, communication, professionalism, and continuing professional development. The 2016 ACCP Clinical Practice Affairs Committee has developed an evaluation tool that includes the assessable tasks of today's clinical pharmacists that fall within each domain...
April 17, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417318/patient-and-healthcare-professionals-preference-for-brenzys-vs-enbrel-autoinjector-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-crossover-simulated-use-study
#13
Marc Egeth, Jennifer Soosaar, Peter Nash, Denis Choquette, Ricardo Infante, Dena Rosen Ramey, Sevag Sahakian, Angela Lai, Jin Ju Kim, David Wu
INTRODUCTION: Brenzys was developed as an etanercept biosimilar of Enbrel. The aim of this study was to assess preference and perceived ease of use for the new Brenzys autoinjector compared to the currently available marketed Enbrel MYCLIC autoinjector (Australia) and Enbrel SureClick autoinjector (Canada) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Because RA affects manual dexterity, ease of use of an autoinjector is a particularly important consideration in developing effective self-delivery of long-term courses of therapy...
April 17, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416011/which-learning-activities-enhance-physiotherapy-practice-a-systematic-review-protocol-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-studies
#14
Edmund Leahy, Lucy Chipchase, Felicity Blackstock
BACKGROUND: Learning activities are fundamental for the development of expertise in physiotherapy practice. Continuing professional development (CPD) encompasses formal and informal learning activities undertaken by physiotherapists. Identifying the most efficient and effective learning activities is essential to enable the profession to assimilate research findings and improve clinical skills to ensure the most efficacious care for clients. To date, systematic reviews on the effectiveness of CPD provide limited guidance on the most efficacious models of professional development for physiotherapists...
April 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415900/pediatric-nurse-practitioners-clinical-competencies-and-knowing-patterns-in-nursing-focus-group-interviews
#15
Hyejung Lee, Anna Kim, Anna Meong, Minjeong Seo
BACKGROUND: The generic competency domains of advanced nursing practice have been reported on in numerous countries, but rather few studies have examined competencies specific to pediatric nurse practitioners (PNPs). OBJECTIVES: We identified the core clinical competencies of PNPs in South Korea and related these identified competencies to the five patterns of knowing in nursing. DESIGN: Focus group interviews were conducted with five PNP students and four PNPs using two thematic questions, one on clinical competencies required for PNPs and the other on competencies specific to Korean PNPs...
April 19, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411011/managerial-skills-of-new-practitioner-pharmacists-within-community-practice
#16
Cortney M Mospan, Kristin A Casper, Ashley Coleman, Kyle Porter
OBJECTIVES: To identify managerial skills required in community pharmacy practice, explore new practitioners' previous exposure to these skills, and assess new practitioners' perceived preparedness to take on managerial responsibilities. METHODS: A survey was developed with the use of Qualtrics and distributed by state pharmacy associations using a convenience sample of pharmacists from Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. Pharmacists not practicing in a community pharmacy setting at the time of the study were excluded...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410820/-optimizing-post-operative-pain-management-in-latin-america
#17
João Batista Santos Garcia, Patricia Bonilla, Durval Campos Kraychette, Fernando Cantú Flores, Elizabeth Diaz Perez de Valtolina, Carlos Guerrero
Post-operative pain management is a significant problem in clinical practice in Latin America. Insufficient or inappropriate pain management is in large part due to insufficient knowledge, attitudes and education, and poor communications at various levels. In addition, the lack of awareness of the availability and importance of clear policies and guidelines for recording pain intensity, the use of specific analgesics and the proper approach to patient education have led to the consistent under-treatment of pain management in the region...
April 11, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410247/ce-original-research-creating-an-evidence-based-progression-for-clinical-advancement-programs
#18
Kathleen G Burke, Tonya Johnson, Christine Sites, Jane Barnsteiner
: Background: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) project have identified six nursing competencies and supported their integration into undergraduate and graduate nursing curricula nationwide. But integration of those competencies into clinical practice has been limited, and evidence for the progression of competency proficiency within clinical advancement programs is scant. Using an evidence-based approach and building on the competencies identified by the IOM and QSEN, a team of experts at an academic health system developed eight competency domains and 186 related knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) for professional nursing practice...
May 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409149/collaborative-implementation-strategy-for-newborn-resuscitation-and-essential-care-training-in-the-dominican-republic
#19
REVIEW
Alexandra Leader, Claudia Cadet, Davina Lazala, Wanny Roa, Olga Arroyo, Lloyd Jensen
BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality accounts for 45% of under-5 mortality worldwide, with 98% of newborn deaths occurring in developing countries. The Dominican Republic (DR) demonstrates one of the highest neonatal mortality rates in Latin America despite broad access to care. Strategies to support professional capacity building and strengthen the local health care system are needed to improve neonatal outcomes in the DR. RATIONALE: Helping babies breathe (HBB) and essential care for every baby (ECEB) are evidence-based newborn resuscitation and essential care training programs that have been shown to improve providers' confidence, knowledge, and clinical skills...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406110/effectiveness-of-cross-cultural-education-for-medical-residents-caring-for-burmese-refugees
#20
Megan Song McHenry, Kavitha Nutakki, Nancy L Swigonski
BACKGROUND: Limited resources are available to educate health professionals on cultural considerations and specific healthcare needs of Burmese refugees. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a module focused on cross-cultural considerations when caring for Burmese refugees. METHODS: A brief educational module using anonymously tracked pre- and post-intervention, self-administered surveys was developed and studied. The surveys measured pediatric and family medicine residents' knowledge, attitudes, and comfort in caring for Burmese refugees...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
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