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David Shackleton, Jenny Pagram, Lesley Ives, Des Vanhinsbergh
The RapidHIT™ 200 System is a fully automated sample-to-DNA profile system designed to produce high quality DNA profiles within 2h. The use of RapidHIT™ 200 System within the United Kingdom Criminal Justice System (UKCJS) has required extensive development and validation of methods with a focus on AmpFℓSTR® NGMSElect™ Express PCR kit to comply with specific regulations for loading to the UK National DNA Database (NDNAD). These studies have been carried out using single source reference samples to simulate live reference samples taken from arrestees and victims for elimination...
June 2, 2018: Forensic Science International
Takeharu Hayashi, Kousuke Tanimoto, Kayoko Hirayama-Yamada, Etsuko Tsuda, Mamoru Ayusawa, Shinichi Nunoda, Akira Hosaki, Akinori Kimura
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) present a high risk for sudden cardiac death in pediatric patients. The aim of this study was to identify disease-associated genetic variants in Japanese patients with pediatric HCM and RCM. We analyzed 67 cardiomyopathy-associated genes in 46 HCM and 7 RCM patients diagnosed before 16 years of age using a next-generation sequencing system. We found that 78% of HCM and 71% of RCM patients carried disease-associated genetic variants. Disease-associated genetic variants were identified in 80% of HCM patients with a family history and in 77% of HCM patients with no apparent family history (NFH)...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Human Genetics
P A van Rijn, J Boonstra, H G P van Gennip
Since February 1st 2011, rinderpest (RP) has been officially declared eradicated worldwide. National authorities have been requested to destroy all their RP related materials. Nonetheless, their national reference laboratories performing real time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assays (PCR diagnostics) need RP positive control samples, since some countries still prefer to maintain diagnostic capability for RP for several reasons. In the future, a similar situation will arise for peste des petits ruminants (PPR) as the ambition has been expressed to eradicate PPR...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Virological Methods
Li Luo, Yumeng Zhang, Fang Qing, Hongwei Ding, Yingkang Shi, Huili Guo
BACKGROUND: Many hospitals in China experience large volumes of emergency department (ED) radiology patients, thereby lengthening the wait times for non-emergency radiology patients. We examine whether an emergency reservation policy which deals with stochastic arrivals of ED patients can shorten wait times, and what effect it has on patient and hospital related metrics. METHODS: In this study, operations research models are used to develop an emergency reservation policy...
June 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Jose Maria de la Torre Hernandez, Nieves Gonzalo, Imanol Otaegui, Jose R Rumoroso, Hipólito Gutiérrez, Fernando Alfonso, Gerard Marti, Ana Serrador Frutos, Salvatore Brugaletta, Antonio Gomez Menchero, Tamara Garcia Camarero, Corina Biagioni, Javier Escaned
AIMS: We sought to compare vascular healing with bioresorbable everolimus-eluting vascular scaffolds (BVS) and drug-eluting stents with bioabsorbable polymers (BP-DES) at 6 and 12 months implanted both in same patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Multicenter and prospective study including patients with at least two comparable lesions to treat. In every patient both BVS and BP-DES (Synergy™, Orsiro™ or Biomatrix Flex™) were implanted by lesion randomization. Patients included were evaluated with optical coherence tomography at 6 or 12 months (2:1)...
June 12, 2018: EuroIntervention
Andreas Baumbach, Alexandra J Lansky, Yoshi Onuma, Taku Asano, Thomas Johnson, Richard Anderson, Ferdinand Kiemeneij, Ming Zheng, Niels Van Royen, Ton Slagboom, Georg Vlachojannis, Bo Xu, Patrick Serruys, William Wijns
AIMS: Durable polymer drug-eluting stents (DP DES) may contribute to persistent inflammation, delayed endothelial healing and subsequent late DES thrombosis. The aim of this Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) sub-study was to compare healing and neointimal coverage of a novel bioabsorbable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (FIREHAWK®) (BP DES) versus the DP DES (XIENCE) at 90 days in an all comers patient population. METHODS AND RESULTS: The TARGET All Comers study is a prospective multicenter randomised post-market trial of 1656 patients randomised 1:1 to FIREHAWK or XIENCE at 21 centers in 10 European countries...
June 12, 2018: EuroIntervention
Raisuke Iijima, Norihiro Kougame, Hidehiko Hara, Masao Moroi, Masato Nakamura
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether drug-coated balloon (DCB) treatment is effective for de novo coronary lesions that are unsuitable for drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation.Methods and Results:This retrospective study included 118 de novo lesions that were not suitable for DES implantation. Of the lesions, 40% was treated because of very small vessel disease. Patients with planned non-cardiac surgery and at high bleeding risk were 3% and 19%, respectively, and lesions that easily develop stent fracture comprised 26%...
June 12, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Yue Wang, Gary S Mintz, Zhichun Gu, Yue Qi, Yue Wang, Mengru Liu, Xiaofan Wu
BACKGROUND: Although several meta-analyses have demonstrated the utility of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in guiding drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation compared to angiography-guidance, there has been a dearth of evidence in the left main coronary artery (LMCA) lesion subset. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis to compare clinical outcomes of IVUS versus conventional angiography guidance during implantation of DES for patients with LMCA disease. Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Embase were searched...
June 14, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Katja Kalenyak, Romy M Heilmann
Canine hypoadrenocorticism (HoAC) results from a loss of functional adrenal cortex, the most common etiology of which is an immune-mediated destruction leading to an inadequate production of glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids. The term "atypical" HoAC is used for a subgroup of dogs with either an isolated glucocorticoid deficiency or a combined glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid deficiency but normal electrolytes. Dogs with HoAC can present with a large variety of clinical signs, ranging from shaking, weakness, and mild gastrointestinal signs to seizures, hypovolemic shock, and collapse...
June 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
Laelia Benoit, Patrick Cottin, Marie R Moro
AIM: Since 1999, the development of more than 100 "Maisons des Adolescents" (MDAs) has enabled young persons to gain access to specific care in integrated youth-friendly facilities in France. To contribute to the development and standardization of international youth-friendly health care services, this review provides insight into the French MDA facilities. METHODS: This socio-historical analysis includes a systematic review of articles referring to the MDAs (selection through title and/or abstract), ministry reports and newspaper articles, from 1999 to 2018...
June 13, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Alisa A Suen, Wendy N Jefferson, Carmen J Williams, Charles E Wood
Developmental exposure to estrogenic chemicals is an established risk factor for cancer of the female reproductive tract. This increase in risk has been associated with disruption of normal patterns of cellular differentiation during critical stages of morphogenesis. The goal of this study was to document uterine epithelial phenotypes over time following neonatal treatment with the synthetic estrogen diethylstilbestrol (DES) or the soy phytoestrogen genistein (GEN) in female CD-1 mice. Both DES and GEN induced three distinct populations of abnormal endometrial epithelial cells: luminal (SIX1+/P63-/CK14-/CK18+), basal (SIX1+/P63+/CK14+/CK18-), and mixed/bipotential (SIX1+/P63-/CK14+/CK18+), which were all established by early adulthood...
January 1, 2018: Toxicologic Pathology
Lucie De Léotoing, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, Laurent Finkielsztejn, Gwendoline Chaize, Alexandre Vainchtock, Gaëlle Nachbaur, Céline Aubin, Fabrice Bonnet
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the number of patients hospitalized for HIV-related reasons in France, to describe their characteristics and to estimate hospitalization-associated costs. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of the French hospital medical information database (Programme de médicalisation des systèmes d'information en médecine, chirurgie, obstétrique et odontologie database). METHODS: Patients hospitalised with HIV in France in 2013 and 2014 were identified in the database through International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision diagnostic codes as well as comorbidities and opportunistic infections...
June 11, 2018: AIDS
Yuan-Liang Ma, Xiao-Fang Tang, Yi Yao, Na Xu, Ying Song, Ping Jiang, Jing-Jing Xu, Huan-Huan Wang, Lin Jiang, Ru Liu, Xue-Yan Zhao, Jue Chen, Zhan Gao, Shu-Bin Qiao, Yue-Jin Yang, Run-Lin Gao, Bo Xu, Jin-Qing Yuan
Background: It remains undetermined whether second-generation drug-eluting stents (G2-DESs) outperform first-generation DESs (G1-DESs) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of G1-DES and G2-DES in ACS patients in a high-volume cardiovascular center. Methods: In 2013, 10,724 consecutive patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention in our institution. We included 4037 patients with ACS who underwent exclusively G1-DES or G2-DES implantation (n = 364 and n = 3673, respectively)...
June 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Kenji Kawai, Minoru Ichikawa, Tohru Masuyama, Masaharu Ishihara, Yoshiyuki Kijima
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to elucidate the impact of out-stent plaque characteristics on vascular response after implantation of second generation drug-eluting stent (G2-DES). Methods: Enrolled were 37 patients with 39 coronary artery lesions into which three types of G2-DES were successfully implanted (9 Nobori biolimus-, BES; 15 Xience everolimus-, EES; 15 Resolute zotarolimus-eluting stents; R-ZES). Immediately after (baseline) and one year after the implantation (follow-up), iMAP-intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) was performed to measure out-stent plaque volume (OSPV) and its components...
June 2018: IJC Heart & Vasculature
Andrew D Ballantyne, Jason P Hallett, D Jason Riley, Nilay Shah, David J Payne
There is a growing need to develop novel processes to recover lead from end-of-life lead-acid batteries, due to increasing energy costs of pyrometallurgical lead recovery, the resulting CO2 emissions and the catastrophic health implications of lead exposure from lead-to-air emissions. To address these issues, we are developing an iono-metallurgical process, aiming to displace the pyrometallurgical process that has dominated lead production for millennia. The proposed process involves the dissolution of Pb salts into the deep eutectic solvent (DES) Ethaline 200, a liquid formed when a 1 : 2 molar ratio of choline chloride and ethylene glycol are mixed together...
May 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Nahid Momeni Safarabad, Ali-Asghar Asgharnejad Farid, Banafsheh Gharraee, Mojtaba Habibi
Objective: This study aimed at reporting the effect of the 3-phase model of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing in the treatment of a patient with borderline personality disorder. Method : A 33-year-old female, who met the DSM-IV-TR criteria for borderline personality disorder, received a 20-session therapy based on the 3-phase model of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing. Borderline Personality Disorder Checklist (BPD-Checklist), Dissociative Experience Scale (DES-II), Beck Depression Inventory-II-second edition (BDI-II), and Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were filled out by the patient at all treatment phases and at the 3- month follow- up...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Fei Peng, Pei Xu, Bing-Yi Zhao, Min-Hua Zong, Wen-Yong Lou
The extraction conditions and antioxidant activities of rutin from Sophora japonica bud by deep eutectic solvents were investigated. Box-Behnken design was used to optimize the extraction conditions and the scavenging activities of DPPH, O2- and ·OH of purified rutin were evaluated. The highest yield of 279.8 mg/g was achieved in the extraction medium of choline chloride/triethlene glycol (1/4) under the optimum conditions: water content of the DES 18.1%, extraction time 28.3 min, extraction temperature 70 °C and liquid-solid ratio 10 mg/1 g...
June 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Ninghai Kou, Zhixin Xiang, Weiti Cui, Longna Li, Wenbiao Shen
Previous results have shown that hydrogen sulfide (H2 S), mainly catalyzed by l-cysteine desulfhydrase (DES) in plants, triggers adventitious rooting. The objective of this study was to test whether H2 S is involved in methane (CH4 )-induced adventitious root development in cucumber explants. First, we observed that the activities of DES, endogenous H2 S production, and thereafter adventitious root development were induced by CH4 and NaHS (an H2 S donor). Some responses were sensitive to hypotaurine (HT; a scavenger of H2 S), showing that endogenous H2 S production and adventitious rooting were obviously blocked...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Dong-Hun Bae, Darius J R Lane, Patric J Jansson, Des R Richardson
Polyamines are ubiquitous positively charged amines found in all organisms. These molecules play a crucial role in many biological functions including cell growth, gene regulation and differentiation. The three major polyamines produced in all mammalian cells are putrescine, spermidine and spermine. The intracellular levels of these polyamines depend on the interplay of the biosynthetic and catabolic enzymes of the polyamine and methionine salvage pathway, as well as the involvement of polyamine transporters...
June 8, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Elisabetta Mileo, Marianne Ilbert, Alessandro Barducci, Patricia Bordes, Marie-Pierre Castanié-Cornet, Cyrille Garnier, Pierre Genevaux, Reynald Gillet, Pierre Goloubinoff, Françoise Ochsenbein, Gilbert Richarme, Chantal Iobbi-Nivol, Marie-Thérèse Giudici-Orticoni, Brigitte Gontero, Olivier Genest
The "Bioénergétique et Ingénierie des Protéines (BIP)" laboratory, CNRS (France), organized its first French workshop on molecular chaperone proteins and protein folding in November 2017. The goal of this workshop was to gather scientists working in France on chaperone proteins and protein folding. This initiative was a great success with excellent talks and fruitful discussions. The highlights were on the description of unexpected functions and posttranslational regulation of known molecular chaperones (such as Hsp90, Hsp33, SecB, GroEL) and on state-of-the-art methods to tackle questions related to this theme, including Cryo-electron microscopy, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR), simulation and modeling...
June 8, 2018: Biochimie
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