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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456360/clinical-features-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-of-epicrania-fugax
#1
K Rammohan, M M Shyma, Soumitra Das, C Velayudhan Shaji
Background: Epicrania fugax (EF) is a rare newly described primary headache characterized by paroxysms of unilateral pain radiating across one hemicranium. Aim: We aimed to describe 10 new cases of EF and assess the psychiatric comorbidity. Materials and Methods: Cases of EF were identified from patients attending the neurology outpatient department of a tertiary level referral and teaching hospital by the first author during a period extending from January 1, 2015 to April 31, 2017...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452321/hypoplastic-straight-sinus-with-persistent-falcine-sinus-in-an-adult-with-sinus-pericranii
#2
Lukas Andereggen, Rajeev K Verma
Open MRI of a 45-year-old man with panic disorder showed a sinus pericranii (SP). Examination of the scalp revealed a discolored scalp mass and MR venography displayed a hypoplastic straight sinus with persistent falcine sinus. SP is a venous anomaly consisting of a transosseous vascular channel connecting an intracranial sinus with subgaleal veins. High venous pressure in the late embryonic stage, as with a hypoplastic straight sinus, has been hypothesized to predispose affected individuals to develop other venous anomalies, i...
February 13, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451967/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety-and-related-disorders-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-placebo-controlled-trials
#3
REVIEW
Joseph K Carpenter, Leigh A Andrews, Sara M Witcraft, Mark B Powers, Jasper A J Smits, Stefan G Hofmann
The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety-related disorders based on randomized placebo-controlled trials. We included 41 studies that randomly assigned patients (N = 2,843) with acute stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder (PD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or social anxiety disorder (SAD) to CBT or a psychological or pill placebo condition. Findings demonstrated moderate placebo-controlled effects of CBT on target disorder symptoms (Hedges' g = 0...
February 16, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448033/environmental-enrichment-decreases-avoidance-responses-in-the-elevated-t-maze-and-delta-fosb-immunoreactivity-in-anxiety-related-brain-regions
#4
Danielle A Lopes, Thaissa M O Souza, José S de Andrade, Mariana F S Silva, Hanna K M Antunes, Luciana Le Seur Maluf, Isabel C Céspedes, Milena B Viana
Environmental enrichment (EE) is an animal management technique, which seems to improve adaptation to the experimental conditions of housing in laboratory animals. Previous studies have pointed to different beneficial effects of the procedure in the treatment of several disorders, including psychiatric conditions such as depression. The anxiolytic effects induced by EE, on the other hand, are not as clear. In fact, it has been proposed that EE acts as a mild stressor agent. To better understand the relationship of EE with anxiety-related responses, the present study exposed rats to one week of EE and subsequently tested these animals in the inhibitory avoidance and escape tasks of the elevated T-maze (ETM)...
February 12, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445280/the-differences-between-patients-with-panic-disorder-and-healthy-controls-in-psychophysiological-stress-profile
#5
Antonia Kotianova, Michal Kotian, Milos Slepecky, Michaela Chupacova, Jan Prasko, Ingrid Tonhajzerova
Background: Alarming somatic symptoms, in particular, cardiovascular symptoms, are the characteristic feature of panic attacks. Increased cardiac mortality and morbidity have been found in these patients. Power spectral analysis of electrocardiogram R-R intervals is known to be a particularly successful tool in the detection of autonomic instabilities in various clinical disorders. Our study aimed to compare patients with panic disorder and healthy controls in heart rate variation (HRV) parameters (very-low-frequency [VLF], low-frequency [LF], and high-frequency [HF] band components of R-R interval) in baseline and during the response to the mental task...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433107/alcohol-withdrawal-hallucinations-in-the-general-population-an-epidemiological-study
#6
Massoud Stephane, Bachaar Arnaout, Gihyun Yoon
Hallucinations are sometimes encountered in the course of alcohol withdrawal; however, both the factors predisposing to alcohol withdrawal hallucinations (AWH) and the implications of AWH with respect to the mechanisms of hallucinations remain unclear. To clarify these issues, we used data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) to investigate the demographic correlates, alcohol-use clinical patterns, and psychiatric comorbidities in two groups: drinkers with and without a history of AWH...
February 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425950/changes-in-perceived-centrality-of-anxious-events-following-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-and-panic-disorder
#7
Mia Skytte O'Toole, Lynn Watson, Nicole K Rosenberg, Dorthe Berntsen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to explore the association between reductions in symptoms of psychopathology and perceived centrality of negative autobiographical memories in participants with social anxiety disorder (SAD) or panic disorder (PD). METHODS: Thirty-nine individuals with SAD or PD recalled and rated four negative autobiographical memories before and after ten sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) over a three-month period...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422409/computer-therapy-for-the-anxiety-and-depression-disorders-is-effective-acceptable-and-practical-health-care-an-updated-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
G Andrews, A Basu, P Cuijpers, M G Craske, P McEvoy, C L English, J M Newby
BACKGROUND: A 2010 meta-analysis of internet-delivered CBT (iCBT) RCTs argued 'computer therapy for the anxiety and depressive disorders was effective, acceptable and practical health care' without data on effectiveness or practicality in routine practice. METHODS: Databases, reviews and meta-analyses were searched for randomised controlled trials of cCBT or iCBT versus a control group (care as usual, waitlist, information control, psychological placebo, pill placebo, etc...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416577/haptoglobin-phenotype-among-arab-patients-with-mental-disorders
#9
Zaher Armaly, Kamal Farhat, Safa Kinaneh, Joseph Farah
Background: Depression, schizophrenia and panic disorder are common mental disorders in the community and hospitalized patients. These mental disorders negatively affect life quality and even expectancy of life. Haptoglobin (Hp) phenotype (Hp 1-1, 1-2, or 2-2) is associated with risk for cardiovascular diseases, but its association with psychiatric disorders, a growing concern in the modern society, has not been studied thoroughly. The aim of the study was to examine whether Hp phenotype is associated with common mental disorders such as depression, schizophrenia, and panic disorder...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415229/military-personnel-who-seek-health-and-mental-health-services-outside-the-military
#10
Howard Waitzkin, Mario Cruz, Bryant Shuey, Daniel Smithers, Laura Muncy, Marylou Noble
Background: Although research conducted within the military has assessed the health and mental health problems of military personnel, little information exists about personnel who seek care outside the military. The purpose of this study is to clarify the personal characteristics, mental health diagnoses, and experiences of active duty U.S. military personnel who sought civilian sector services due to unmet needs for care. Materials and Methods: This prospective, multi-method study included 233 clients, based in the United States, Afghanistan, South Korea, and Germany, who obtained care between 2013 and 2016 from a nationwide network of volunteer civilian practitioners...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397080/distinct-associations-between-low-positive-affect-panic-and-neural-responses-to-reward-and-threat-during-late-stages-of-affective-picture-processing
#11
Anna Weinberg, Aislinn Sandre
BACKGROUND: Abnormal patterns of attention to threat and reward have been proposed as potential mechanisms of dysfunction in anxiety and mood disorders. However, research on this topic has been inconsistent, perhaps because of both clinical heterogeneity in the samples assessed and measurement of attentional biases that is temporally imprecise. METHODS: The present study measured transdiagnostic symptoms of anxiety and depression in 205 young adults and recorded affect-modulated event-related potentials in response to task-irrelevant pictures in a speeded response task...
January 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397073/using-event-related-potentials-and-startle-to-evaluate-time-course-in-anxiety-and-depression
#12
REVIEW
Heide Klumpp, Stewart A Shankman
The National Institute of Mental Health's Research Domain Criteria initiative is a research framework designed toward understanding psychopathology as abnormalities of dimensional neurobehavioral constructs rather than in terms of DSM-defined categories. Research Domain Criteria constructs within the negative valence domain are particularly relevant for understanding anxiety and depressive disorders, which are pervasive, debilitating, and characterized by negative processing bias. One important direction for Research Domain Criteria research is investigating processes and parameters related to the time course (or chronometry) of negative valenced constructs...
January 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394251/examining-the-short-term-anxiolytic-and-antidepressant-effect-of-floatation-rest
#13
Justin S Feinstein, Sahib S Khalsa, Hung-Wen Yeh, Colleen Wohlrab, W Kyle Simmons, Murray B Stein, Martin P Paulus
Floatation-REST (Reduced Environmental Stimulation Therapy) reduces sensory input to the nervous system through the act of floating supine in a pool of water saturated with Epsom salt. The float experience is calibrated so that sensory signals from visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, thermal, tactile, vestibular, gravitational and proprioceptive channels are minimized, as is most movement and speech. This open-label study aimed to examine whether Floatation-REST would attenuate symptoms of anxiety, stress, and depression in a clinical sample...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391400/whole-exome-sequencing-and-gene-based-rare-variant-association-tests-suggest-that-pla2g4e-might-be-a-risk-gene-for-panic-disorder
#14
Yoshiro Morimoto, Mihoko Shimada-Sugimoto, Takeshi Otowa, Shintaro Yoshida, Akira Kinoshita, Hiroyuki Mishima, Naohiro Yamaguchi, Takatoshi Mori, Akira Imamura, Hiroki Ozawa, Naohiro Kurotaki, Christiane Ziegler, Katharina Domschke, Jürgen Deckert, Tadashi Umekage, Mamoru Tochigi, Hisanobu Kaiya, Yuji Okazaki, Katsushi Tokunaga, Tsukasa Sasaki, Koh-Ichiro Yoshiura, Shinji Ono
Panic disorder (PD) is characterized by recurrent and unexpected panic attacks, subsequent anticipatory anxiety, and phobic avoidance. Recent epidemiological and genetic studies have revealed that genetic factors contribute to the pathogenesis of PD. We performed whole-exome sequencing on one Japanese family, including multiple patients with panic disorder, which identified seven rare protein-altering variants. We then screened these genes in a Japanese PD case-control group (384 sporadic PD patients and 571 controls), resulting in the detection of three novel single nucleotide variants as potential candidates for PD (chr15: 42631993, T>C in GANC; chr15: 42342861, G>T in PLA2G4E; chr20: 3641457, G>C in GFRA4)...
February 2, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391399/stress-hormone-response-to-the-dex-crh-test-and-its-relation-to-psychotherapy-outcome-in-panic-disorder-patients-with-and-without-agoraphobia
#15
Susann Wichmann, Stefan R Bornstein, Thomas Lorenz, Katja Petrowski
This study tested whether the hormonal stress response to the DEX-CRH test may be predictive of the psychotherapy success for panic disorder (PD). Thirty-four patients diagnosed either with agoraphobia with PD or PD without agoraphobia were subjected to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Patients (pre-therapy) and healthy volunteers were exposed to the DEX-CRH test. Blood samples were taken for cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) assessment. Established panic-specific questionnaires were handed out for the pre-therapy and post-therapy evaluation of disease severity (with reference to panic beliefs and agoraphobic cognitions, fear of bodily sensations, agoraphobic avoidance behaviour)...
February 2, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383412/-anxiety-disorders-which-psychotherapy-for-whom
#16
REVIEW
A Ströhle, T Fydrich
According to the Federal Healthcare Survey (Bundesgesundheitssurvey), approximately 15% of the German population fulfil the diagnostic criteria for at least one anxiety disorder within (any) 1 year. Women are affected approximately twice as often as men. The study by the Robert Koch Institute included the systematic assessment of panic disorder, agoraphobia, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder and specific phobias; therefore, the question for both those affected and the treating therapist is "anxiety disorders: which psychotherapy for whom?" is of great clinical and healthcare political importance...
January 30, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376460/anxiety-disorders-and-crp-in-a-population-cohort-study-with-54326-participants-the-lifelines-study
#17
Petrus J W Naudé, Annelieke M Roest, Dan J Stein, Peter de Jonge, Bennard Doornbos
Objectives - Growing evidence indicates that inflammatory processes may play a role in the pathogenesis of anxiety disorders. Nevertheless, much remains to be learned about the involvement of inflammation, including C-reactive protein (CRP), in specific anxiety disorders. This study examines the relation between anxiety disorders and CRP. Methods - Associations of serum CRP with anxiety disorders were determined in a large population study (n = 54,326 participants, mean age = 47 years; 59% female), the LifeLines cohort...
January 29, 2018: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375629/clinical-utility-of-screening-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-children-with-tourette-syndrome
#18
Leonie Marwitz, Tamara Pringsheim
Background: Tourette syndrome (TS) is often co-morbid with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Studies of TS, anxiety and depression have found variable results depending on study methodology and sample characteristics. Our aim was to examine the clinical utility of routine screening for anxiety and depression in children with TS. Methods: Using a clinic-based sample, we evaluated the proportion of children with TS meeting diagnostic criteria for ADHD, OCD, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), separation anxiety disorder (SAD), and major depressive disorder (MDD); the frequency of above average anxiety and depressive symptoms using the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC) and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI); and the association between diagnoses and symptom severity...
January 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374473/epidemiology-of-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-young-and-middle-aged-swiss-adults-prevalences-and-comorbidities-in-a-longitudinal-population-cohort-over-28%C3%A2-years
#19
Maria Avramidou, Felix Angst, Jules Angst, André Aeschlimann, Wulf Rössler, Ulrich Schnyder
BACKGROUND: Although subacute and chronic gastrointestinal symptoms are very common in primary care, epidemiological date are sparse. The aim of the study was to examine and quantify the prevalence of subacute and chronic gastrointestinal symptoms and their associations with somatic and mental disorders in the general population. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively between 1981 (age m = 22, f = 23) and 2008 (age 49/50) from the Zurich Cohort Study (n = 292 men, 299 women), a representative general population survey...
January 27, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371875/psychopathology-of-addiction-can-the-scl90-based-five-dimensional-structure-differentiate-heroin-use-disorder-from-a-non-substance-related-addictive-disorder-such-as-gambling-disorder
#20
Angelo G I Maremmani, Denise Gazzarrini, Amelia Fiorin, Valeria Cingano, Graziano Bellio, Giulio Perugi, Icro Maremmani
Background: In the Gambling Disorder (GD), there is no exogenous drug administration that acts as the central core of the traditional meaning of addiction. A specific psychopathology of Substance Use Disorders has been proposed recently. In a sample of Heroin Use Disorder (HUD) patients entering opioid agonist treatment, it became possible to identify a group of 5 mutually exclusive psychiatric dimensions: Worthlessness-Being trapped (W-BT), Somatic Symptoms (SS), Sensitivity-Psychoticism (SP), Panic Anxiety (PA) and Violence-Suicide (VS)...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
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