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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671046/digeorge-syndrome-relevance-of-psychiatric-symptoms-in-undiagnosed-adult-patients
#1
Christoph Kraus, Thomas Vanicek, Ana Weidenauer, Tav Khanaqa, Mara Stamenkovic, Rupert Lanzenberger, Matthäus Willeit, Siegfried Kasper
DiGeorge syndrome or 22q11.2 deletion syndrome is one of the most common genetic microdeletion syndromes in humans. In addition to physical manifestations, DiGeorge syndrome is associated with a high prevalence of psychiatric disorders, such as intellectual disability, schizophrenia and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Usually, the diagnosis of DiGeorge syndrome is made in early childhood. This article reports on the late diagnosis of a patient with panic disorder and comorbid major depression at the age of 51...
April 18, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669407/psychiatric-sequelae-of-former-comfort-women-survivors-of-the-japanese-military-sexual-slavery-during-world-war-ii
#2
REVIEW
Jeewon Lee, Young-Sook Kwak, Yoon-Jung Kim, Eun-Ji Kim, E Jin Park, Yunmi Shin, Bun-Hee Lee, So Hee Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Inseon Lee, Jung Im Hwang, Dongsik Kim, Soyoung Irene Lee
"Comfort women" refers to young women and girls who were forced into sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese military during World War II. They were abducted from their homes in countries under Imperial Japanese rule, mostly from Korea, and the rest from China, Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia, the Netherlands, etc. "Comfort women" endured extreme trauma involving rape, sexual torture, physical abuse, starvation, threats of death, and witnessed many others being tortured and killed...
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667870/focus-is-key-panic-focused-interpretations-are-associated-with-symptomatic-improvement-in-panic-focused-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#3
John R Keefe, Nili Solomonov, Robert J Derubeis, Alexander C Phillips, Fredric N Busch, Jacques P Barber, Dianne L Chambless, Barbara L Milrod
OBJECTIVE: This study examines whether, in panic-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy (PFPP), interpretations of conflicts that underlie anxiety (panic-focused or PF-interpretations) are specifically associated with subsequent panic disorder (PD) symptom improvement, over and above the provision of non-symptom-focused interpretations. METHOD: Technique use in Sessions 2 and 10 of a 24-session PFPP protocol was assessed for the 65 patients with complete outcome data randomized to PFPP in a two-site trial of psychotherapies for PD...
April 18, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666976/do-youth-with-separation-anxiety-disorder-differ-in-anxiety-sensitivity-from-youth-with-other-anxiety-disorders
#4
Dagmar Kr Hannesdottir, Sandra Bjorg Sigurjonsdottir, Urdur Njardvik, Thomas H Ollendick
Studies on the relationship between separation anxiety disorder (SAD) in childhood and panic disorder (PD) in adolescence and adulthood have yielded results which suggest a common underlying vulnerability for both disorders. In this study, we examined whether one such possible vulnerability-anxiety sensitivity-differed for youth diagnosed with SAD versus other anxiety disorders. Anxiety sensitivity was assessed using the Childhood Anxiety Sensitivity Index (CASI) in 315 clinic-referred youth (ages 6-17, 113 girls)...
April 17, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659102/initial-severity-and-antidepressant-efficacy-for-anxiety-disorders-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-an-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis
#5
Ymkje Anna de Vries, Annelieke M Roest, Johannes G M Burgerhof, Peter de Jonge
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that antidepressant benefits are smaller for mild than severe depression. Because antidepressants are also used for anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), we examined the influence of severity for these disorders. METHODS: We used individual patient data of eight trials (3,430 participants) for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD); four trials (1,195 participants) for social anxiety disorder (SAD); four trials (1,132 participants) for OCD; three trials (1,071 participants) for PTSD; and 10 trials (2,151 participants) for panic disorder (PD)...
April 16, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652305/-efficiency-of-neuromultivit-in-complex-therapy-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus
#6
L N Eliseeva, A Yu Selimov, A Yu Blednova, Zh Z Otarova, M I Bocharnikova, V S Seredinsky
AIM: To examine the dysregulation of the autonomic nervous system and manifestations of pain syndrome in patients with rheumatoid arthritis combined with diabetes mellitus and the possibility of their correction in patients who receive complex therapy including neurotropic vitamins (neuromultivitis). MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-six patients with rheumatoid disease were examined including 59 patients with diabetes mellitus. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: When testing for the presence of neuropathic pain syndrome using the diagnostic questionnaire of neuropathic pain (DN4), a greater prevalence of these features was revealed, with a high correlation with the duration of rheumatoid arthritis (r=0,56) and duration of diabetes mellitus (r=0,82)...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650526/flushing-disorders-associated-with-gastrointestinal-symptoms-part-2-systemic-miscellaneous-conditions
#7
REVIEW
Vaibhav Rastogi, Devina Singh, Joseph J Mazza, Dennis Yang, Dipendra Parajuli, Steven H Yale
Flushing disorders with involvement of the gastrointestinal tract represent a heterogeneous group of conditions. In part 1 discussed were neuroendocrine tumors (NET), mast cell activation disorders (MCAD), and hyperbasophilia. In this section are covered the remaining flushing disorders which primarily or secondarily involves the gastrointestinal tract. This includes dumping syndrome, mesenteric traction syndrome, rosacea, hyperthyroidism and thyroid storm, anaphylaxis, panic disorders, paroxysmal extreme pain disorder, and food, alcohol and medications...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Medicine & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650525/flushing-disorders-associated-with-gastrointestinal-symptoms-part-1-neuroendocrine-tumors-mast-cell-disorders-and-hyperbasophila
#8
REVIEW
Vaibhav Rastogi, Devina Singh, Joseph J Mazza, Dennis Yang, Dipendra Parajuli, Steven H Yale
Flushing is the subjective sensation of warmth accompanied by visible cutaneous erythema occurring throughout the body with a predilection for the face, neck, pinnae, and upper trunk where the skin is thinnest and cutaneous vessels are superficially located and in greatest numbers. Flushing can be present in either a wet or dry form depending upon whether neural-mediated mechanisms are involved. Activation of the sympathetic nervous system results in wet flushing, accompanied by diaphoresis, due to concomitant stimulation of eccrine sweat glands...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Medicine & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649673/the-relationship-between-impulsivity-and-panic-disorder-agoraphobia-the-role-of-affective-temperament
#9
Aslı Beşirli
There are opinions regarding that impulsivity may play a role in the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between impulsivity and panic disorder (PD) in the patient group, to compare impulsivity and affective temperamental traits between patients and healthy controls and to investigate whether there is a relationship between impulsivity and affective temperamental traits. Participants comprised 70 patients with PD and 58 healthy volunteers. The Panic Agoraphobia Scale (PAS), the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) and the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) were applied...
March 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644923/patients-characteristics-and-their-influence-on-course-of-fear-during-agoraphobic-symptom-provocation-may-ss-n-ri-treatment-compensate-unfavorable-individual-preconditions
#10
Jens Plag, Moritz B Petzold, Johanna Gechter, Carolin Liebscher, Andreas Ströhle
BACKGROUND: Patients' characteristics and antidepressants are discussed to be relevant in the context of phobic exposure. AIMS: To identify patients characteristics associated with a differential course of fear during disorder-specific symptom provocation as well as to elucidate the effect of selective serotonin-(noradrenalin-) reuptake inhibitors [SS(N)RI] on development of fear in the context of re-exposure to the phobic stimuli. METHODS: Twenty-eight clinically well-characterized patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia (PD/AG) were classified into subjects who show a reduction of fear ('Fear-') during a symptom provocation via a picture-based paradigm (T1) and those who did not ('Fear+')...
April 12, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644077/unusual-presentation-of-pheochromocytoma-thirteen-years-of-anxiety-requiring-psychiatric-treatment
#11
Catherine Alguire, Jessica Chbat, Isabelle Forest, Ariane Godbout, Isabelle Bourdeau
Pheochromocytoma is a rare tumor of the adrenal gland. It often presents with the classic triad of headache, palpitations and generalized sweating. Although not described as a typical symptom of pheochromocytoma, anxiety is the fourth most common symptom reported by patients suffering of pheochromocytoma. We report the case of a 64 year old man who had severe anxiety and panic disorder as presenting symptoms of pheochromocytoma. After 13 years of psychiatric follow-up, the patient was diagnosed with malignant pheochromocytoma...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642692/noncardiac-chest-pain-a-2018-update
#12
Marilena Durazzo, Giuseppe Gargiulo, Rinaldo Pellicano
Noncardiac chest pain (NCCP) is defined as recurring, angina-like, chest pain of noncardiac origin. Studies have estimated that gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common contributing factor for NCCP. In patients with non-GERD related NCCP, esophageal motility disorders, and functional chest pain (FCP) of presumed esophageal origin are the main underlying mechanisms for symptoms. Epidemiologic studies show a high prevalence of panic disorder, anxiety and major depression in NCCP patients. The diagnostic esophageal workup starts only after that cardiac and pulmonary diseases have been ruled out...
April 11, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627509/neuroimaging-findings-as-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-of-psychotherapy-in-anxiety-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Veruska Andrea Santos, Dessana David Carvalho, Michael Van Ameringen, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Rafael Christophe Freire
Anxiety disorders are the largest group of mental disorders and a leading cause of impairment, implicating in high costs for health systems and society. Effective pharmacological and psychological treatments are available, but a significant fraction of these patients does not respond adequately to these treatments. The objective of this study is to identify neuroimaging findings that could predict response to psychotherapy in anxiety disorders. METHODS: The authors reviewed psychotherapy clinical trials with neuroimaging conducted with patients with anxiety disorders...
April 5, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626745/influence-of-comorbid-alcohol-use-disorders-on-the-clinical-patterns-of-major-depressive-disorder-a-general-population-based-study
#14
Louise Carton, Baptiste Pignon, Alexandre Baguet, Imane Benradia, Jean-Luc Roelandt, Guillaume Vaiva, Pierre Thomas, Ali Amad, Philippe De Timary, Mickaël Naassila, Pierre A Geoffroy, Benjamin Rolland
BACKGROUND: To compare the symptom patterns of major depressive disorder (MDD) among subjects with MDD and 1) no alcohol use disorder (AUD), 2) alcohol abuse and 3) alcohol dependence, respectively. METHODS: In a general population survey of 38,694 French individuals, MDD and AUDs were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview 5.0.0 (MINI). A total of 4339 subjects (11.2%) in the sample met the criteria for MDD. Among them, 413 (9.5%) AUD subjects were identified: 138 (3...
March 23, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625834/internet-based-treatment-for-panic-disorder-a-three-arm-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-guided-via-real-time-video-sessions-with-unguided-self-help-treatment-and-a-waitlist-control-paxpd-study-results
#15
Amalia M Ciuca, Thomas Berger, Liviu G Crişan, Mircea Miclea
A growing body of evidence suggests that Internet-based cognitive behavioral treatments (ICBT) are effective to treat anxiety disorders. However, the effect of therapist guidance in ICBT is still under debate and guided ICBT offered in a real-time audio-video communication format has not yet been systematically investigated. This three-arm RCT compared the efficacy of guided with unguided ICBT (12 weeks intervention) and a waitlist (WL). A total of 111 individuals meeting the diagnostic criteria for panic disorder (PD) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623195/is-panic-disorder-a-disorder-of-physical-fitness-a-heuristic-proposal
#16
REVIEW
Giampaolo Perna, Daniela Caldirola
Currently, panic disorder (PD) is considered a mental disorder based on the assumptions that panic attacks (PAs) are "false alarms" that arise from abnormally sensitive defense systems in the central nervous system and that PD is treated with therapies specifically acting on anxiety or fear mechanisms. This article aims to propose an alternative perspective based on the results of some experimental studies. Our heuristic proposal suggests not only that PD may be a mental disorder but also that patients with PD have real abnormal body functioning, mainly involving cardiorespiratory and balance systems, leading to a decline in global physical fitness...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620793/antidepressants-versus-placebo-for-panic-disorder-in-adults
#17
REVIEW
Irene Bighelli, Mariasole Castellazzi, Andrea Cipriani, Francesca Girlanda, Giuseppe Guaiana, Markus Koesters, Giulia Turrini, Toshi A Furukawa, Corrado Barbui
BACKGROUND: Panic disorder is characterised by repeated, unexpected panic attacks, which represent a discrete period of fear or anxiety that has a rapid onset, reaches a peak within 10 minutes, and in which at least four of 13 characteristic symptoms are experienced, including racing heart, chest pain, sweating, shaking, dizziness, flushing, stomach churning, faintness and breathlessness. It is common in the general population with a lifetime prevalence of 1% to 4%. The treatment of panic disorder includes psychological and pharmacological interventions...
April 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597072/increased-prevalence-of-anxiety-disorders-in-third-generation-migrants-in-comparison-to-natives-and-to-first-generation-migrants
#18
Baptiste Pignon, Ali Amad, Antoine Pelissolo, Thomas Fovet, Pierre Thomas, Guillaume Vaiva, Jean-Luc Roelandt, Imane Benradia, Benjamin Rolland, Pierre A Geoffroy
INTRODUCTION: We sought to examine the prevalence of anxiety disorders associated with migration in the first-, second- and third-generation. METHODS: The French Mental Health in the General Population cross-sectional survey interviewed 38,694 individuals using the MINI. The prevalence of lifetime anxiety disorders, and comorbidities was compared between migrants and non-migrants and by generation. All analyses were adjusted for age, sex, and income and education levels...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596996/unpredictable-chronic-prenatal-stress-and-manifestation-of-generalized-anxiety-and-panic-in-rat-s-offspring
#19
Flaviane Cristina de Brito Guzzo Soliani, Rafael Cabbia, Vinícius Dias Kümpel, Matheus Fitipaldi Batistela, Amarylis Garcia Almeida, Luiz Yamauchi Junior, Telma Gonçalves Carneiro Spera de Andrade
Often the manifestation of anxiety cannot be explained by known environmental or hereditary factors. With this perspective, it has been reported that prenatal stress may lead to emotional disturbances in the offspring. However, studies relating prenatal stress to anxiety are controversial and generally the stressors used do not mimicks the reality experienced by mothers. Thus, this investigation evaluated the effects of an unpredictable chronic stress scheme applied in one of the three gestational weeks of rats on the manifestation of generalized anxiety and panic disorder in the progeny (males), analyzing, respectively, the avoidances and escapes in the elevated T-maze, at the 1st, 3rd or 6th month of progeny life...
March 26, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594718/suicidality-in-subjects-with-anxiety-or-obsessive-compulsive-and-related-disorders-recent-advances
#20
REVIEW
Diego De La Vega, Lucas Giner, Philippe Courtet
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Historically, anxiety disorders have not been considered as important determinants of suicide, but in the last years, many works have challenged this assumption. Here, we will review the available evidence on the relationship between suicide and anxiety disorders (e.g., obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and body dysmorphic disorder), with special emphasis on findings published in the last years...
March 28, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
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