keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Panic disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520662/anxiety-disorders-in-adults-with-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-evidence-of-difficulties-more-than-10-years-postinjury
#1
Michelle Albicini, Audrey McKinlay
OBJECTIVE: To explore long-term psychiatric outcomes in individuals with a history of childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) or orthopedic injury (OI). SETTING: Hospital emergency department, medical admission records and outpatient settings. PARTICIPANTS: There were 95 males (M = 22.78 years, SD = 3.44 years) and 74 females (M = 22.27 years, SD = 3.09 years), 65 with mild TBI (M = 23.25 years, SD = 3.58 years), 61 with moderate-severe TBI (M = 22...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511298/-influence-of-aluminum-chloride-exposure-on-embryonic-development-of-zebrafish-and-neurobehavior-of-juvenile-fish
#2
J P Chen, N Shang, K H He, L Zhang, Q Niu, Q L Zhang
Objective: To investigate the influence of aluminum chloride (AlCl(3)) solution on the embryon-ic development of zebrafish and neurobehavior of juvenile fish. Methods: The embryos of zebrafishat 6 hours after fertilization were exposed to AlCl(3) solution at a concentration of 0, 55.0, 60.5, 66.6, 73.5, 80.5, or 100.0 mg/L, and embryonic hatching rates at 48 and 72 hours after fertilization were calculated. The embryos of zebrafishat 6 hours after fertilization were exposed to AlCl(3) solution at a concentration of 0, 60...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505139/mental-health-problems-and-related-factors-in-ecuadorian-college-students
#3
Claudia Torres, Patricia Otero, Byron Bustamante, Vanessa Blanco, Olga Díaz, Fernando L Vázquez
Although the mental health problems of college students have been the subject of increasing research, there are no studies about its prevalence in Ecuadorian college students. The aim of this study was to determine the mental health problems and their associated factors in Ecuadorian freshmen university students. A sample of 1092 students (53.7% women; mean age = 18.3 years) were recruited from the Technical Particular University of Loja (Ecuador). Socio-demographic, academic, and clinical characteristics were gathered, as well as information on the participants' mental health through a number of mental health screens...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499315/-usual-care-for-panic-disorder-with-without-agoraphobia-in-primary-care
#4
Michael Sommer, Thomas S Hiller, Jörg Breitbart, Nico Schneider, Tobias Teismann, Antje Freytag, Jochen Gensichen
Objective To describe therapy as usual (TAU) for panic disorder with/without agoraphobia (PDA) in primary care. Method Written survey of 38 general practitioners (GPs) who provided TAU to 189 patients with PDA as part of an interventional study. Data were analyzed descriptively. Results The most common TAU-interventions were: exploration of psychosocial problems (83 %), recommendation not to avoid anxiety-provoking stimuli (72 %), prescription of SSRIs (62 %). Common reasons for referrals were various psychiatric comorbidities and treatment-refractory anxiety (77 %)...
May 12, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496418/toward-the-identification-of-a-specific-psychopathology-of-substance-use-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Angelo G I Maremmani, Pier Paolo Pani, Luca Rovai, Silvia Bacciardi, Icro Maremmani
Addiction is a mental illness in which psychiatric conditions imply a prominent burden. Psychopathological symptoms in substance use disorder (SUD) patients are usually viewed as being assignable to the sphere of a personality trait or of comorbidity, leaving doubts about the presence of a specific psychopathology that could only be related to the toxicomanic process. Our research group at the University of Pisa has shed light on the possible definition of a specific psychopathological dimension in SUDs. In heroin use disorder patients, performing an exploratory principal component factor analysis (PCA) on all the 90 items included in the SCL-90 questionnaire led to a five-factor solution...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493541/sudden-gains-in-exposure-focused-cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-for-panic-disorder
#6
Raquel Nogueira-Arjona, Martí Santacana, María Montoro, Silvia Rosado, Roser Guillamat, Vicenç Vallès, Miquel A Fullana
In the context of psychological treatment, a sudden gain is a large and enduring improvement in symptom severity that occurs between two single therapy sessions. The influence of sudden gains on long-term outcomes and functional impairment in anxiety disorders is not well understood, and little is known with regard to panic disorder in particular. In addition, previous research on patients with anxiety disorders has produced inconsistent results regarding the relationship between sudden gains and cognitive change...
May 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489321/nicotine-deprivation-attenuates-panic-reactivity-in-smokers-findings-from-a-placebo-controlled-nicotine-patch-study
#7
Kenneth Abrams, Sam Krimmel, Stacey Johnson, Kate Cieslowski, Helen Strnad, Arielle Melum, Caroline Kryder
BACKGROUND: Prospective studies consistently find that smoking is a risk factor for the development of panic disorder (PD). A possible explanation is that nicotine deprivation promotes heightened sensitivity to bodily sensations and/or arterial carbon dioxide (CO2 ). Abrams et al. (2011) previously found that, in response to a CO2 rebreathing challenge, smokers experiencing more (vs. less) intense nicotine withdrawal had more severe panic symptoms and a stronger urge to escape. However, participants were aware of the last time they smoked, leaving unclear the extent to which fear reactivity was influenced by the pharmacologic effects of nicotine deprivation versus beliefs regarding when nicotine was most recently used...
May 10, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486267/evaluation-of-patients-with-febrile-seizure-risk-factors-reccurence-treatment-and-prognosis
#8
Rahime Renda, Deniz Yüksel, Y K Yavuz Gürer
INTRODUCTION: Febrile convulsion (FC) is the most common neurological disorder in childhood. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for recurrence and the development of epilepsy from the demographic data of these patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was made of 680 patients with FC who presented to our hospital. Patients with only FC were defined as group 1 and those who developed epilepsy after FC as group 2. Comparisons were made between the 2 groups of the demographic parameters, parental consanguinity, familial history of FCs or epilepsy, criteria for starting prophylactic treatment, response to treatment, risk factors for recurrence, and results of electroencephalogram...
May 8, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485259/distinct-phasic-and-sustained-brain-responses-and-connectivity-of-amygdala-and-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-during-threat-anticipation-in-panic-disorder
#9
L Brinkmann, C Buff, K Feldker, S V Tupak, M P I Becker, M J Herrmann, T Straube
BACKGROUND: Panic disorder (PD) patients are constantly concerned about future panic attacks and exhibit general hypersensitivity to unpredictable threat. We aimed to reveal phasic and sustained brain responses and functional connectivity of the amygdala and the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) during threat anticipation in PD. METHODS: Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we investigated 17 PD patients and 19 healthy controls (HC) during anticipation of temporally unpredictable aversive and neutral sounds...
May 9, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479788/mean-platelet-volume-and-platelet-distribution-width-level-in-patients-with-panic-disorder
#10
Ramdas Sarjerao Ransing, Bharat Patil, Omityah Grigo
BACKGROUND: Changes in platelet indices have been reported in patients with panic disorder (PD). However, previous study findings are contradictory and inconclusive. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the platelet indices in patients with PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with PD (n = 123) and healthy controls (n = 133) were enrolled in this case control study. The platelet indices (mean platelet volume [MPV] and platelet distribution width [PDW]) along with red blood cell (RBC) indices (RBC count and red cell distribution width [RDW]) were compared between the two groups using the unpaired t-test...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479785/red-blood-cell-and-platelet-indices-a-potential-biomarker-for-panic-disorder
#11
EDITORIAL
Roshan Bhad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472591/association-between-personality-traits-and-escitalopram-treatment-efficacy-in-panic-disorder
#12
Ülle Võhma, Mait Raag, Innar Tõru, Anu Aluoja, Eduard Maron
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence to suggest that personality factors may interact with the development and clinical expression of panic disorder (PD). A greater understanding of these relationships may have important implications for clinical practice and implications for searching reliable predictors of treatment outcome. AIMS: The study aimed to examine the effect of escitalopram treatment on personality traits in PD patients, and to identify whether the treatment outcome could be predicted by any personality trait...
May 4, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471212/hierarchical-structure-of-emotional-disorders-from-individual-symptoms-to-the-spectrum
#13
Monika A Waszczuk, Roman Kotov, Camilo Ruggero, Wakiza Gamez, David Watson
Classification of emotional disorders faces challenges of within-disorder heterogeneity and between-disorder comorbidity. The current study addressed these issues by analyzing all emotional disorder symptoms to identify homogeneous dimensions that characterize this domain. These dimensions were, in turn, used to define coherent syndromes and higher order factors. All of the emotional disorder symptoms specified in diagnostic manuals were assessed by interview in 2 treatment-seeking samples (N = 426 and 305), alongside clinical diagnoses and functioning measures...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470168/anxiety-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Michelle G Craske, Murray B Stein, Thalia C Eley, Mohammed R Milad, Andrew Holmes, Ronald M Rapee, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen
Anxiety disorders constitute the largest group of mental disorders in most western societies and are a leading cause of disability. The essential features of anxiety disorders are excessive and enduring fear, anxiety or avoidance of perceived threats, and can also include panic attacks. Although the neurobiology of individual anxiety disorders is largely unknown, some generalizations have been identified for most disorders, such as alterations in the limbic system, dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and genetic factors...
May 4, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467115/developing-and-validating-a-computerized-adaptive-test-to-measure-broad-and-specific-factors-of-internalizing-in-a-community-sample
#15
Matthew Sunderland, Philip Batterham, Natacha Carragher, Alison Calear, Tim Slade
Highly efficient assessments that better account for comorbidity between mood and anxiety disorders (internalizing) are required to identify individuals who are most at risk of psychopathology in the community. The current study examined the efficiency and validity associated with a multidimensional computerized adaptive test (CAT) to measure broad and specific levels of internalizing psychopathology. The sample comprised 3,175 respondents to an online survey. Items from five banks (generalized anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder) were jointly calibrated using a bifactor item response theory model...
May 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464856/suicide-risk-among-prisoners-in-french-guiana-prevalence-and-predictive-factors
#16
Gülen Ayhan, Romain Arnal, Célia Basurko, Vincent About, Agathe Pastre, Eric Pinganaud, Dominique Sins, Louis Jehel, Bruno Falissard, Mathieu Nacher
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates in prison are high and their risk factors are incompletely understood. The objective of the present study is to measure the risk of suicide and its predictors in the only prison of multicultural French Guiana. METHODS: All new prisoners arriving between September 2013 and December 2014 were included. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) was used and socio-demographic data was collected. In order to identify the predictors of suicide risk multivariate logistic regression was used...
May 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452266/yoga-can-improve-older-people-s-mental-health
#17
(no author information available yet)
Yoga has consistently yielded encouraging results in the treatment of generalised anxiety disorder and panic disorder, and has also been shown to improve mood and decrease symptoms of depression.
April 28, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435125/the-blockage-of-ventromedial-hypothalamus-crf-type-2-receptors-impairs-escape-responses-in-the-elevated-t-maze
#18
Mariana S C F Silva, Thaissa M O Souza, Bruno A Pereira, Daniel A Ribeiro, Isabel C Céspedes, Jackson C Bittencourt, Milena B Viana
In a previous study, the administration of corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) into the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH), a region that modulates defensive reactions, was shown to facilitate elevated T-maze (ETM) avoidance responses, an anxiogenic-like effect. Intra-DMH administration of the CRF type 1 receptor (CRFR1) antagonist antalarmin induced anxiolytic-like effects and counteracted the anxiogenic effects of CRF. The present study further investigates the role played by CRF receptors of the medial hypothalamus in anxiety...
April 21, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432894/the-structure-correlates-and-treatment-related-changes-of-mindfulness-facets-across-the-anxiety-disorders-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#19
Lance L Hawley, Jenny Rogojanski, Valerie Vorstenbosch, Lena C Quilty, Judith M Laposa, Neil A Rector
Research with non-clinical and clinical samples has examined how mindfulness concepts relate to psychological symptom presentations. However, there is less clarity when examining treatment-seeking patients who experience DSM-diagnosed anxiety and obsessional disorders - both cross-sectionally, and following empirically-supported treatments. The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ; Baer, Smith, Hopkins, Krietemeyer, & Toney, 2006) conceptualizes mindfulness as consisting of five facets: Observing, Describing, Acting with Awareness, Nonreactivity, and Nonjudging...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423066/influence-of-maternal-anxiety-on-child-anxiety-during-dental-care-cross-sectional-study
#20
Paloma Busato, Raíssa Rigo Garbín, Catielma Nascimento Santos, Luiz Renato Paranhos, Lilian Rigo
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES: Anxiety is usually classified as a disorder of neurotic nature and is often related to contexts of stress, which may include worries, motor tension and autonomic hyperactivity. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of mothers' anxiety on their children's anxiety during dental care. DESIGN AND SETTING: Analytical cross-sectional study conducted at in a private dentistry school in the south of Brazil. METHODS: Convenience sampling was used...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
keyword
keyword
12854
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"