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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766462/disgust-and-fear-common-emotions-between-eating-and-phobic-disorders
#1
Rami Bou Khalil, Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Yara Tabet, Lama Souaiby, Hayat Azouri
Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent mental illnesses composed mainly of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorders. Anxiety disorders are another set of mental illnesses, with phobic disorder (PD) being the most prevalent disorder. ED and PD are highly comorbid. The aim of this study is to assess, in 131 individuals attending an outpatient clinic for different health issues, the level of fear related to situations generating avoidance such as in social anxiety and specific phobias according to the fear questionnaire (FQ), the level of disgust according to the disgust scale (DS-R) and the vulnerability towards ED according to the SCOFF scale to demonstrate that high levels of both fear and disgust increase the vulnerability towards ED...
May 15, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760763/an-open-label-flexible-dose-adaptive-study-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-vortioxetine-in-subjects-with-panic-disorder
#2
Anish Shah, Joanne Northcutt
Background: Despite the current treatments available for panic disorder (PD), as many as one-third of patients have persistent and treatment-resistant panic attacks. Vortioxetine is an approved medicine for major depressive disorder and has been shown to have anxiolytic properties. The purpose of this study was to evaluate its efficacy and safety in an adult population with a diagnosis of PD. Methods: The study design was open label with flexible dose strategies (5, 10, or 20 mg) with a treatment period of 10 weeks...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751240/temperament-clusters-associate-with-anxiety-disorder-comorbidity-in-depression
#3
Vesa Paavonen, Kaisa Luoto, Antero Lassila, Esa Leinonen, Olli Kampman
BACKGROUND: Individual temperament is associated with psychiatric morbidity and could explain differences in psychiatric comorbidities. We investigated the association of temperament profile clusters with anxiety disorder comorbidity in patients with depression. METHODS: We assessed the temperament of 204 specialized care-treated depressed patients with the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-R) and their diagnoses with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736064/psychiatric-comorbidities-in-acute-coronary-syndromes-six-month-follow-up-study
#4
D Ramya Shruthi, S Sunil Kumar, Nagaraj Desai, Rajesh Raman, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
Introduction: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) caused by coronary atherosclerosis include ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI, and unstable angina. The relation between psychiatric disorders and coronary artery disease is a complex one which includes the effect of the psychosocial factors on heart and vice versa. Point prevalence studies have been reported, but there is paucity of follow-up studies from India. Materials and Methods: The study is a follow-up evaluation at discharge of 248 consecutive patients presented with ACS at JSS Hospital, Mysuru, Karnataka, over a period of 6 months to assess the psychiatric comorbidities...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649673/the-relationship-between-impulsivity-and-panic-disorder-agoraphobia-the-role-of-affective-temperament
#5
Aslı Beşirli
There are opinions regarding that impulsivity may play a role in the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between impulsivity and panic disorder (PD) in the patient group, to compare impulsivity and affective temperamental traits between patients and healthy controls and to investigate whether there is a relationship between impulsivity and affective temperamental traits. Participants comprised 70 patients with PD and 58 healthy volunteers. The Panic Agoraphobia Scale (PAS), the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) and the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) were applied...
March 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644923/patients-characteristics-and-their-influence-on-course-of-fear-during-agoraphobic-symptom-provocation-may-ss-n-ri-treatment-compensate-unfavorable-individual-preconditions
#6
Jens Plag, Moritz B Petzold, Johanna Gechter, Carolin Liebscher, Andreas Ströhle
BACKGROUND: Patients' characteristics and antidepressants are discussed to be relevant in the context of phobic exposure. AIMS: To identify patients characteristics associated with a differential course of fear during disorder-specific symptom provocation as well as to elucidate the effect of selective serotonin-(noradrenalin-) reuptake inhibitors [SS(N)RI] on development of fear in the context of re-exposure to the phobic stimuli. METHODS: Twenty-eight clinically well-characterized patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia (PD/AG) were classified into subjects who show a reduction of fear ('Fear-') during a symptom provocation via a picture-based paradigm (T1) and those who did not ('Fear+')...
April 12, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620793/antidepressants-versus-placebo-for-panic-disorder-in-adults
#7
REVIEW
Irene Bighelli, Mariasole Castellazzi, Andrea Cipriani, Francesca Girlanda, Giuseppe Guaiana, Markus Koesters, Giulia Turrini, Toshi A Furukawa, Corrado Barbui
BACKGROUND: Panic disorder is characterised by repeated, unexpected panic attacks, which represent a discrete period of fear or anxiety that has a rapid onset, reaches a peak within 10 minutes, and in which at least four of 13 characteristic symptoms are experienced, including racing heart, chest pain, sweating, shaking, dizziness, flushing, stomach churning, faintness and breathlessness. It is common in the general population with a lifetime prevalence of 1% to 4%. The treatment of panic disorder includes psychological and pharmacological interventions...
April 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592527/the-association-between-hiv-clinical-disease-severity-and-psychiatric-disorders-as-seen-in-western-romania
#8
Fulvia Ursoiu, Lavinia Moleriu, Diana Lungeanu, Maria Puschită
HIV disease continues to be a serious health issue all over the world. By the end of 2016, 36.7 million people were living with HIV, 1.8 million people became newly infected and 1 million died of HIV-related causes/diseases. In order to develop effective treatment strategies, is important to assess the risk factors that affect negatively the HIV-positive patients. HIV-infected patients are at high risk of developing psychiatric disorders in every stage of the illness. Psychiatric disorders can negatively influence the treatment adherence, induce risk behavior and influence the quality of life...
March 28, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580906/post-traumatic-psychiatric-disorders-ptsd-is-not-the-only-diagnosis
#9
Yann Auxéméry
Traumatic events and their consequences are often hidden or minimised by patients for reasons linked to the post-traumatic stress disorder itself (inexpressibility, shame, depressive thoughts, fear of stigmatisation, etc.). Although post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) remains the most widely known disorder, chronic post-traumatic psychiatric disorders are many and varied. After a trauma, the practitioner has to check for the different clinical forms of post-traumatic psychological consequences: PTSD is not the only diagnosis...
May 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573755/psychometric-properties-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-panic-disorder-severity-scale
#10
Gideoni Fuste, María Ángeles Gil, Clara López-Solà, Silvia Rosado, Albert Bonillo, Guillem Pailhez, Antoni Bulbena, Víctor Pérez, Miguel A Fullana
The Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) is a well-established measure of panic symptoms but few data exist on this instrument in non north-American samples. Our main goal was to assess the psychometric properties (internal consistency, test re-test reliability, inter-rater reliability, convergent and divergent validity) and the factor structure of the Spanish version. Ninety-four patients with a main diagnosis of panic disorder were assessed with the Spanish version of PDSS, the Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 (ASI-3), the Panic and Agoraphobia Scale (PAS), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) the PDSS self-rating form and the Clinical Global Impression-Severity scale (CGI)...
March 25, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544715/-the-jena-anxiety-monitoring-list-jamol-a-tool-for-the-evidence-based-treatment-of-panic-disorder-with-or-without-agoraphobia-in-primary-care
#11
Thomas Stephan Hiller, Antje Freytag, Jörg Breitbart, Tobias Teismann, Elisabeth Schöne, Wolfgang Blank, Mercedes Schelle, Horst Christian Vollmar, Jürgen Margraf, Jochen Gensichen
BACKGROUND: Behavior therapy-oriented methods are recommended for treating anxiety disorders in primary care. The treatment of patients with long-term conditions can be improved by case management and structured clinical monitoring. The present paper describes the rationale, design and application of the 'Jena Anxiety Monitoring List' (JAMoL), a monitoring tool for the treatment of patients with panic disorder, with or without agoraphobia, in primary care. METHODS: JAMoL's design was based on established clinical measures, the rationale of exposure-based anxiety treatment, and research on family practice-based case management...
April 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29539585/running-for-extinction-aerobic-exercise-as-an-augmentation-of-exposure-therapy-in-panic-disorder-with-agoraphobia
#12
Sophie Bischoff, Gesine Wieder, Franziska Einsle, Moritz B Petzold, Christiane Janßen, Jennifer L M Mumm, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Thomas Fydrich, Jens Plag, Andreas Ströhle
Exposure-based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (eb-CBT) represents the most evidence-based psychotherapeutic approach in anxiety disorders. However, its efficacy may be limited by a delay in onset of action and a substantial number of patients does not respond sufficiently to treatment. In this context, aerobic exercise was found to be effective in reducing clinical anxiety as well as to improve (elements of) disorder-specific CBT in some mental disorders. We therefore investigated the effect of aerobic exercise supplementary to an eb-CBT in panic disorder and agoraphobia (PD/AG)...
June 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533952/pretreatment-cardiac-vagal-tone-predicts-dropout-from-and-residual-symptoms-after-exposure-therapy-in-patients-with-panic-disorder-and-agoraphobia
#13
Julia Wendt, Alfons O Hamm, Christiane A Pané-Farré, Julian F Thayer, Alexander Gerlach, Andrew T Gloster, Thomas Lang, Sylvia Helbig-Lang, Paul Pauli, Thomas Fydrich, Andreas Ströhle, Tilo Kircher, Volker Arolt, Jürgen Deckert, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Jan Richter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522942/anxiety-disorders-and-figural-fluency-a-measure-of-executive-function
#14
B Gulpers, A Lugtenburg, M Zuidersma, F R J Verhey, R C Oude Voshaar
BACKGROUND: Anxiety possibly interferes with executive functioning, although most studies rely on anxiety symptoms or lack control for comorbid depression. The objective of the present study is to examine the association between executive functioning and (individual) anxiety disorders with ak,ld without controlling for depression. METHOD: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder with and without agoraphobia, agoraphobia, social phobia, as well as depressive disorder according to DSM-IV criteria were assessed with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview in 82,360 community-dwelling people participating in the Lifelines cohort...
July 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492960/clinical-correlates-of-augmentation-combination-treatment-strategies-in-major-depressive-disorder
#15
M Dold, L Bartova, J Mendlewicz, D Souery, A Serretti, S Porcelli, J Zohar, S Montgomery, S Kasper
OBJECTIVE: This multicenter, multinational, cross-sectional study aimed to investigate clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes associated with augmentation/combination treatment strategies in major depressive disorder (MDD). METHOD: Sociodemographic, clinical, and treatment features of 1410 adult MDD patients were compared between MDD patients treated with monotherapy and augmentation/combination medication using descriptive statistics, analyses of covariance (ancova), and Spearman's correlation analyses...
May 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475102/predictors-of-benzodiazepine-use-in-a-transdiagnostic-sample-of-panic-disorder-social-anxiety-disorder-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-patients
#16
Luana D Laurito, Carla P Loureiro, Rafaela V Dias, Paula Vigne, Gabriela B de Menezes, Rafael C Freire, Ulrich Stangier, Leonardo F Fontenelle
We investigated the rates of current and past benzodiazepine (BZD) use in a sample of 102 subjects attending specialized anxiety disorder clinics, including panic disorder (PD; N = 36), social anxiety disorder (SAD; N = 28) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD; N = 38) patients. Almost 56% of the entire sample was using BZDs at the moment of the assessment, and 74.5% described having used them at some point during their lifetimes. The duration of psychiatric treatment and a lifetime history of PD, but not any other "transdiagnostic" measure of severity (such as the Panic and Agoraphobia Scale, the Social Phobia Inventory, the Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, the Anxiety Sensitivity Index-36, and the Beck Inventories) were independent risk factors for current prescription of BZDs...
April 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451585/psychoactive-substance-abuse-and-dependence-and-its-association-with-anxiety-disorders-a-population-based-study-of-young-adults-in-brazil
#17
Mariana B de Matos, Christian L de Mola, Jéssica P Trettim, Karen Jansen, Ricardo A da Silva, Luciano D de Mattos Souza, Liliane da Costa Ores, Mariane L Molina, Fernanda T Coelho, Ricardo T Pinheiro, Luciana de A Quevedo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between abuse of and dependence on different psychoactive substances and the presence of anxiety disorders in a sample of young adults from a city in southern Brazil. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2009, we carried out a cross-sectional, population-based study of individuals aged 18-24 years who lived in Pelotas, a city in southern Brazil. We evaluated anxiety disorders using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview 5.0 (MINI), and use of psychoactive substances with the Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST 2...
February 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451073/mental-health-problems-among-whistleblowers-a-comparative-study
#18
Peter G van der Velden, Mauro Pecoraro, Mijke S Houwerzijl, Erik van der Meulen
Whistleblowers play a very important and indispensable role in society and health care sector, but their act may elicit retaliation and other negative effects, which may impact their mental health. The main aim of the present comparative study is to assess to what extent whistleblowers ( N = 27) more often suffer from severe mental health problems than other population-based groups in the Netherlands, i.e., matched controls ( N = 135), cancer patients ( N = 130), persons with (partial) work disabilities ( N = 194), physically "healthy" persons ( N = 200), and general population ( N = 1026), using the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey scales (for general mental health) and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised scales (for specific mental health problems: depression, anxiety, agoraphobia, interpersonal sensitivity and distrust, and sleeping problems)...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394251/examining-the-short-term-anxiolytic-and-antidepressant-effect-of-floatation-rest
#19
Justin S Feinstein, Sahib S Khalsa, Hung-Wen Yeh, Colleen Wohlrab, W Kyle Simmons, Murray B Stein, Martin P Paulus
Floatation-REST (Reduced Environmental Stimulation Therapy) reduces sensory input to the nervous system through the act of floating supine in a pool of water saturated with Epsom salt. The float experience is calibrated so that sensory signals from visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, thermal, tactile, vestibular, gravitational and proprioceptive channels are minimized, as is most movement and speech. This open-label study aimed to examine whether Floatation-REST would attenuate symptoms of anxiety, stress, and depression in a clinical sample...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391399/stress-hormone-response-to-the-dex-crh-test-and-its-relation-to-psychotherapy-outcome-in-panic-disorder-patients-with-and-without-agoraphobia
#20
Susann Wichmann, Stefan R Bornstein, Thomas Lorenz, Katja Petrowski
This study tested whether the hormonal stress response to the DEX-CRH test may be predictive of the psychotherapy success for panic disorder (PD). Thirty-four patients diagnosed either with agoraphobia with PD or PD without agoraphobia were subjected to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Patients (pre-therapy) and healthy volunteers were exposed to the DEX-CRH test. Blood samples were taken for cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) assessment. Established panic-specific questionnaires were handed out for the pre-therapy and post-therapy evaluation of disease severity (with reference to panic beliefs and agoraphobic cognitions, fear of bodily sensations, agoraphobic avoidance behaviour)...
February 2, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
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