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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301475/frequency-of-psychological-alterations-in-primary-antiphospholipid-syndrome-preliminary-study
#1
M Sadetski, M L Tourinho Moretto, R P Correia de Araujo, J F de Carvalho
Objectives To detect the frequency of psychological alterations in primary antiphospholipid syndrome patients. Methods Thirty-six primary antiphospholipid syndrome patients were analyzed by a psychological interview using a standard protocol and review of medical charts. Clinical manifestations, associated comorbidities, antiphospholipid antibodies, and treatment were also evaluated. Results The mean age was 44.2 ± 10.8 years, 29 (80%) were women and 29 (80%) were of Caucasian race. The mean duration of disease was 7...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259145/fear-of-fear-and-broad-dimensions-of-psychopathology-over-the-course-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-panic-disorder-with-agoraphobia-in-japan
#2
S Ogawa, M Kondo, K Ino, T Ii, R Imai, T A Furukawa, T Akechi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of fear of fear and broad dimensions of psychopathology in panic disorder with agoraphobia over the course of cognitive behavioural therapy in Japan. METHODS: A total of 177 Japanese patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia were treated with group cognitive behavioural therapy between 2001 and 2015. We examined associations between the change scores in Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire or Body Sensations Questionnaire and the changes in subscales of Symptom Checklist-90 Revised during cognitive behavioural therapy controlling the change in panic disorder severity using multiple regression analysis...
December 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244900/the-bidirectional-relationship-between-anxiety-disorders-and-circulating-levels-of-inflammatory-markers-results-from-a-large-longitudinal-population-based-study
#3
Jennifer Glaus, Roland von Känel, Aurélie M Lasserre, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Caroline L Vandeleur, Enrique Castelao, Mehdi Gholam-Rezaee, Ciro Marangoni, En-Young N Wagner, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Martin Preisig, Kathleen R Merikangas
BACKGROUND: Although there has been abundant research on chronic low-grade inflammation as a potential mechanism underlying the link between mood disorders and cardiovascular risk, less is known about the role of inflammatory factors and anxiety disorders. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the bi-directional associations between inflammatory markers including interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) with anxiety disorders and its subgroups...
December 15, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212135/what-is-the-effect-on-comorbid-personality-disorder-of-brief-panic-focused-psychotherapy-in-patients-with-panic-disorder
#4
John R Keefe, Barbara L Milrod, Robert Gallop, Jacques P Barber, Dianne L Chambless
BACKGROUND: No studies of psychotherapies for panic disorder (PD) have examined effects on comorbid personality disorders (PersD), yet half such patients have a PersD. METHODS: In a randomized trial for PD with and without agoraphobia comparing Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Panic-Focused Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (PFPP), PersD was assessed pre-to-post treatment with the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnosis of Axis-II Disorders (SCID-II). For patients completing therapy (n = 118, 54 with PersD), covariance between panic and SCID-II criteria improvements was analyzed...
December 6, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175809/two-novel-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-based-mobile-apps-for-agoraphobia-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Marina Christoforou, José Andrés Sáez Fonseca, Elias Tsakanikos
BACKGROUND: Despite the large body of literature demonstrating the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral treatments for agoraphobia, many patients remain untreated because of various barriers to treatment. Web-based and mobile-based interventions targeting agoraphobia may provide a solution to this problem, but there is a lack of research investigating the efficacy of such interventions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate for the first time the effectiveness of a self-guided mobile-based intervention primarily targeting agoraphobic symptoms, with respect to a generic mobile app targeting anxiety...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157845/face-perception-in-social-anxiety-visuocortical-dynamics-reveal-propensities-for-hypervigilance-or-avoidance
#6
Lisa M McTeague, Marie-Claude Laplante, Hailey W Bulls, Joshua R Shumen, Peter J Lang, Andreas Keil
BACKGROUND: Theories of aberrant attentional processing in social anxiety, and anxiety disorders more broadly, have postulated an initial hypervigilance or facilitation to clinically relevant threats and consequent defensive avoidance. However, existing objective measurements utilized to explore this phenomenon lack the resolution to elucidate attentional dynamics, particularly covert influences. METHODS: We utilized a continuous measure of visuocortical engagement, the steady-state visual evoked potential in response to naturalistic angry, fearful, happy, and neutral facial expressions...
October 13, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154158/the-prevalence-reporting-and-treatment-of-anxiety-among-older-adults-in-nursing-homes-and-other-residential-aged-care-facilities
#7
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
BACKGROUND: Little is known about anxiety in aged care populations, despite its increase in this frail population. This study investigated the prevalence, recording, and treatment rate of anxiety disorders among aged care residents. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational design was used to assess 180 elderly residents from 12 aged care facilities in Melbourne, Australia. Participants were assessed for threshold and subthreshold anxiety disorders and comorbid depression using the MINI for DSM-5...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148571/panel%C3%A2-report-ipa-congress-buenos-aires-2017-claustro-agoraphobia-bertram-lewin-and-the-oral-triad-6-april-2017
#8
Béatrice Ithier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110024/parenting-style-and-mental-disorders-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-adolescents
#9
John David Eun, Diana Paksarian, Jian-Ping He, Kathleen Ries Merikangas
PURPOSE: We examined associations between parenting style and past-year mental disorders in a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of US adolescents and whether the associations differed by adolescent demographic characteristics. METHODS: The sample included 6483 adolescents aged 13-18 years who were interviewed for a full range of DSM-IV mental disorders. Parenting style was assessed by adolescent-reported maternal and paternal care and control using items from the Parental Bonding Instrument...
November 6, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104331/experiential-avoidance-and-bordering-psychological-constructs-as-predictors-of-the-onset-relapse-and-maintenance-of-anxiety-disorders-one-or-many
#10
Philip Spinhoven, Albert M van Hemert, Brenda W J H Penninx
To investigate (a) the incremental predictive validity of experiential avoidance over and above bordering psychological constructs (i.e., rumination, worry, neuroticism and anxiety sensitivity) in predicting onset, relapse and maintenance of anxiety disorders; and (b) whether these related constructs can be represented by a single, higher-order latent factor with similar predictive power as the separate psychological constructs while offering a more parsimonious predictive model. Longitudinal cohort study with repeated assessments after 4 years in a sample of 2157 adults aged 18-65, consisting of 1614 persons with past or current anxiety disorder (Panic Disorder with or without Agoraphobia, Social Anxiety Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Agoraphobia without panic) according to the Composite Interview Diagnostic Instrument (CIDI) and 543 controls...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078153/comorbidity-classes-and-associated-impairment-demographics-and-9-11-exposures-in-8-236-children-and-adolescents
#11
Lupo Geronazzo-Alman, Guia Guffanti, Ruth Eisenberg, Bin Fan, George J Musa, Judith Wicks, Michaeline Bresnahan, Cristiane S Duarte, Christina Hoven
The extensive comorbidity of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents leads to clinical heterogeneity, and is an often-overlooked issue in etiopathogenic and treatment studies in developmental psychopathology. In a representative sample (N=8236) of New York City public school students assessed six months after 9/11, latent class analysis was applied to 48 symptoms across seven disorders: posttraumatic stress, agoraphobia, separation anxiety, panic disorder, generalized anxiety (GAD), major depression (MDD) and conduct disorder (CD)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066160/non-motor-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-dopa-responsive-dystonia-patients
#12
E R Timmers, A Kuiper, M Smit, A L Bartels, D J Kamphuis, N I Wolf, B T Poll-The, T Wassenberg, E A J Peeters, T J de Koning, M A J Tijssen
BACKGROUND: In patients with GTP-cyclohydrolase deficient dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) the occurrence of associated non-motor symptoms (NMS) is to be expected. Earlier studies report conflicting results with regard to the nature and severity of NMS. The aim of our study was to investigate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders, sleep problems, fatigue and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in a Dutch DRD cohort. METHODS: Clinical characteristics, motor symptoms, type and severity of psychiatric co-morbidity, sleep problems, fatigue and HR-QoL were assessed in DRD patients with a confirmed GCH1 mutation and matched controls...
October 10, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034525/reliability-and-validity-of-severity-dimensions-of-psychopathology-assessed-using-the-structured-clinical-interview-for-dsm-5-scid
#13
Stewart A Shankman, Carter J Funkhouser, Daniel N Klein, Joanne Davila, Debra Lerner, Danelle Hee
This study examined whether the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID), a widely used semistructured interview designed to assess psychopathology categorically, can be adapted to identify reliable and valid severity dimensions of psychopathology. The present study also examined whether these severity dimensions have better psychometric properties (internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and concurrent and predictive validity) than categorical diagnoses. Participants (N = 234) were recruited from the community and clinics...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034101/lamotrigine-induced-sexual-dysfunction-and-non-adherence-case-analysis-with-literature-review
#14
Kenneth R Kaufman, Melissa Coluccio, Kartik Sivaraaman, Miriam Campeas
BACKGROUND: Optimal anti-epileptic drug (AED) treatment maximises therapeutic response and minimises adverse effects (AEs). Key to therapeutic AED treatment is adherence. Non-adherence is often related to severity of AEs. Frequently, patients do not spontaneously report, and clinicians do not specifically query, critical AEs that lead to non-adherence, including sexual dysfunction. Sexual dysfunction prevalence in patients with epilepsy ranges from 40 to 70%, often related to AEDs, epilepsy or mood states...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033054/temporary-stages-and-motivational-variables-two-complementary-perspectives-in-the-help-seeking-process-for-mental-disorders
#15
Gema Del Valle Del Valle, Carmen Carrió, Amparo Belloch
INTRODUCTION: Help-seeking for mental disorders is a complex process, which includes different temporary stages, and in which the motivational variables play an especially relevant role. However, there is a lack of instruments to evaluate in depth both the temporary and motivational variables involved in the help-seeking process. This study aims to analyse in detail these two sets of variables, using a specific instrument designed for the purpose, to gain a better understanding of the process of treatment seeking...
October 9, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031568/anxiety-disorders-in-old-age-psychiatric-comorbidities-quality-of-life-and-prevalence-according-to-age-gender-and-country
#16
Alessandra Canuto, Kerstin Weber, Marc Baertschi, Sylke Andreas, Jana Volkert, Maria Christina Dehoust, Susanne Sehner, Anna Suling, Karl Wegscheider, Berta Ausín, Mike J Crawford, Chiara Da Ronch, Luigi Grassi, Yael Hershkovitz, Manuel Muñoz, Alan Quirk, Ora Rotenstein, Ana Belén Santos-Olmo, Arieh Shalev, Jens Strehle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Holger Schulz, Martin Härter
OBJECTIVES: Previous estimates of the prevalence of anxiety disorders in late life vary greatly due to the lack of reliable diagnostic tools. This MentDis_ICF65+ study assessed 12-month prevalence rates of anxiety disorders and age- and gender-related differences in comorbidities, as well as impact on quality of life. DESIGN: The study used a cross-sectional multicenter survey. PARTICIPANTS: The study sample comprised 3,142 men and women aged 65 to 84 years, living in five European countries and Israel...
September 5, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972592/genetically-driven-brain-serotonin-deficiency-facilitates-panic-like-escape-behavior-in-mice
#17
J Waider, S Popp, M D Lange, R Kern, J F Kolter, J Kobler, N C Donner, K R Lowe, J H Malzbender, C J Brazell, M R Arnold, B Aboagye, A Schmitt-Böhrer, C A Lowry, H C Pape, K P Lesch
Multiple lines of evidence implicate brain serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) system dysfunction in the pathophysiology of stressor-related and anxiety disorders. Here we investigate the influence of constitutively deficient 5-HT synthesis on stressor-related anxiety-like behaviors using Tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (Tph2) mutant mice. Functional assessment of c-Fos after associated foot shock, electrophysiological recordings of GABAergic synaptic transmission, differential expression of the Slc6a4 gene in serotonergic neurons were combined with locomotor and anxiety-like measurements in different contextual settings...
October 3, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953790/decision-making-in-panic-disorder-preliminary-report
#18
Katarzyna Jakuszkowiak-Wojten, Alicja Raczak, Jerzy Landowski, Mariusz Stanisław Wiglusz, Maria Gałuszko-Węgielnik, Krzysztof Krysta, Wiesław Jerzy Cubała
BACKGROUND: The impaired decision-making with high risk-aversive behavior and elevated impulsivity are reported as a trait feature in anxiety disorders including panic disorder (PD). It is hypothesised that PD patients exhibit difficulties in executive functions which can influence patients behavioural strategies e.g. problem solving, decision making, planning, impulse control. The aim of this study was to asses decision making process, risk-taking and impulsivity in PD patients as compared to healthy controls...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926359/personality-traits-in-panic-disorder-patients-with-and-without-comorbidities
#19
Morena M Zugliani, Rocio Martin-Santos, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Rafael Christophe Freire
Panic disorder (PD) is often correlated with high neuroticism and low extraversion. This study aims to ascertain whether PD patients differ from healthy controls in regard to personality traits and determine if these traits are correlated with comorbid disorders, anxiety, and depression symptoms. Personality traits of 69 PD patients and 42 controls were compared using the Maudsley Personality Inventory. In PD patients, comorbidities, anxiety, and depression symptoms were also evaluated. PD patients showed higher neuroticism and lower extraversion compared with healthy controls...
November 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878702/stigma-stop-a-serious-game-against-the-stigma-toward-mental-health-in-educational-settings
#20
Adolfo J Cangas, Noelia Navarro, José M A Parra, Juan J Ojeda, Diego Cangas, Jose A Piedra, Jose Gallego
This paper presents the results from the application of a serious game called Stigma-Stop among a group of high school students with the aim of reducing the stigma toward mental illnesses. The video game features characters with various mental disorders (schizophrenia, depression, bipolar disorder, and panic disorder with agoraphobia) and provides information about these problems. Additionally, the game asks players about whether they have ever felt the same as the characters, if they believe the characters are psychologically well, and if they think they could help these individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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