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Agoraphobia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096880/genetic-polymorphism-of-1019c-g-rs6295-promoter-of-serotonin-1a-receptor-and-catechol-o-methyltransferase-in-panic-disorder
#1
Takashi Watanabe, Shin Ishiguro, Akiko Aoki, Mikito Ueda, Yuki Hayashi, Kazufumi Akiyama, Kazuko Kato, Kazutaka Shimoda
OBJECTIVE: Family and twin studies have suggested genetic liability for panic disorder (PD) and therefore we sought to determine the role of noradrenergic and serotonergic candidate genes for susceptibility for PD in a Japanese population. METHODS: In this age- and gender-matched case-control study involving 119 PD patients and 119 healthy controls, we examined the genotype distributions and allele frequencies of the serotonin transporter gene linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR), -1019C/G (rs6295) promoter polymorphism of the serotonin receptor 1A (5-HT1A), and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene polymorphism (rs4680) and their association with PD...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045286/perceived-criticism-predicts-outcome-of-psychotherapy-for-panic-disorder-replication-and-extension
#2
Dianne L Chambless, Kelly M Allred, Fang Fang Chen, Kevin S McCarthy, Barbara Milrod, Jacques P Barber
OBJECTIVE: We tested the relation of perceived criticism (PC) from a parent or spouse/romantic partner to outcome of psychotherapy for panic disorder (PD). METHOD: Participants were 130 patients with PD (79% with agoraphobia) who received 24 twice-weekly sessions of panic-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, or applied relaxation therapy. Patients were predominantly White (75%), female (64%), and non-Hispanic (85%). At baseline, Week 5 of treatment, termination, and at 6- and 12-month follow-up, patients rated PC from the relative with whom they lived...
January 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017851/immediate-and-delayed-anxiety-and-depression-like-profiles-in-the-adolescent-wistar-kyoto-rat-model-of-endogenous-depression-following-postweaning-social-isolation
#3
Reshma A Shetty, Monika Sadananda
In order to understand links that exist between inherited risk or predisposition, brain and behavioural development, endocrine regulation and social/environmental stimuli, animal models are crucial. The Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rat has been shown to have validity as a model of adult and adolescent depression. While sex- and age-specific differences in some of the face, predictive and construct validities of the model such as depression-like behaviours have been established, anhedonia and anxiety using other induced anxiety paradigms such as elevated plus maze remain equivocal...
December 23, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995827/prevalence-of-current-anxiety-disorders-in-people-with-bipolar-disorder-during-euthymia-a-meta-analysis
#4
B Pavlova, R H Perlis, O Mantere, C M Sellgren, E Isometsä, P B Mitchell, M Alda, R Uher
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in people with bipolar disorder, but it is not clear how many have anxiety disorders even at times when they are free of major mood episodes. We aimed to establish what proportion of euthymic individuals with bipolar disorder meet diagnostic criteria for anxiety disorders. METHOD: We performed a random-effects meta-analysis of prevalence rates of current DSM-III- and DSM-IV-defined anxiety disorders (panic disorder, agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and anxiety disorder not otherwise specified) in euthymic adults with bipolar disorder in studies published by 31 December 2015...
December 20, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987430/effects-of-the-cortisol-stress-response-on-the-psychotherapy-outcome-of-panic-disorder-patients
#5
Susann Wichmann, Clemens Kirschbaum, Thomas Lorenz, Katja Petrowski
BACKGROUND: A proportion of patients with panic disorder (PD) fail to show a remission after psychotherapy. Biological correlates of psychotherapy non-response have rarely been described in the literature. The aim of the present study was to research the relationship between the cortisol stress response and the psychotherapy outcome in PD patients. METHODS: Twenty-eight PD patients (20 females, mean age±SD: 35.71±13.18) seeking psychological treatment for PD and n=32 age- and sex-matched healthy control participants (21 females, aged 34...
November 30, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971383/excess-costs-of-panic-disorder-with-or-without-agoraphobia-in-germany-the-application-of-entropy-balancing-to-multiple-imputed-datasets
#6
C Brettschneider, F Bleibler, T Hiller, A Konnopka, J Breitbart, J Margraf, J Gensichen, H König
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951417/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-analgesic-behavioral-effects-and-chronic-toxicity-of-the-new-3-5-diaminopyrazole-and-its-precursor-the-thiocyanoacetamide
#7
Ridha Ben Ali, Amal Ben Othman, Khouloud Bokri, Samira Maghraoui, Adel Hajri, Azaiez Ben Akacha, Chadli Dziri, Michèle Véronique El May
This study aimed to explore the analgesic, antioxidant, behavioral and toxicological effects of 3,5-diaminopyrazole and thiocyanoacetamide. Caffeine was used as reference drug whose effects are known after oral treatment with an efficient dose (10mg/kg/day) for 30days. The preliminary bioassays indicated that both compounds at this dose have strong antioxidant capacities and present highly analgesic effects. The behavioral study showed an activation of the rat memory by thiocyanoacetamide. This molecule caused a phobia state to open areas in the elevated plus maze and specifically agoraphobia in the open field with a lack in the development of the exploratory capacity...
December 9, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931891/a-systematic-review-of-anxiety-prevalence-in-adults-within-primary-care-and-community-settings-in-malaysia
#8
Chin Hoong Wong, Zia U Bakt Sultan Shah, Cheong Lieng Teng, Tzi Quen Lin, Zainab Abdul Majeed, Chun Wai Chan
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are common mental health disorders with significant impact on the individual as well as burden on the country as a whole. METHODS: A systematic review of databases, reference lists, internet sources, and input from content experts revealed 42 studies that documented the prevalence of anxiety symptoms or disorders. 12 of these studies specifically evaluated anxiety disorders. RESULTS: 4 studies looked at the prevalence of anxiety disorders in the general population, whilst the remainder focused on selected population groups: university students (4 studies); substance abuse (3 studies); and victims of abuse (1 study)...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898206/doomed-for-disorder-high-incidence-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-offspring-of-depressed-and-anxious-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Petra J Havinga, Lynn Boschloo, Annelene J P Bloemen, Maaike H Nauta, Sybolt O de Vries, Brenda W J H Penninx, Robert A Schoevers, Catharina A Hartman
OBJECTIVE: Early recognition of individuals at risk for depressive and anxiety disorders is key in influencing onset and course of these disorders. Parental history is a potent risk factor for the development of these disorders in offspring. However, knowledge about the magnitude of this risk is limited as large-scale longitudinal studies with a follow-up into adulthood are scarce. Those offspring at highest risk may possibly be identified by easy-to-determine parental psychiatric characteristics, family context, and offspring characteristics...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876300/functional-voice-disorders-the-importance-of-the-psychologist-in-clinical-voice-assessment
#10
Mafalda Andrea, Óscar Dias, Mário Andrea, Maria Luísa Figueira
OBJECTIVES: The etiopathogenesis of functional voice disorders (FVDs) is multifactorial. The purpose of this study was to analyze the severity of depression and anxiety, and the incidence of affective and anxiety disorders, in patients who presented different types of FVDs and were followed at the University Clinic of Otolaryngology. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. METHODS: After ENT observation, 83 women were classified into three groups: psychogenic voice disorder (PVD = 39), primary muscle tension voice disorder (MTVD1 = 16), and secondary muscle tension voice disorder (MTVD2 = 28)...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861457/burden-and-distress-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-panic-disorder-and-agoraphobia
#11
Evandro Luis Pampani Borgo, Ana Teresa de Abreu Ramos-Cerqueira, Albina Rodrigues Torres
We estimated the prevalence, severity, and correlates of burden and distress in caregivers of patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia. The instruments used in this cross-sectional study with 40 caregivers and 40 outpatients were Carer Burden Interview (CBI), Family Burden Interview Schedule (FBIS-BR), Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ), Panic and Agoraphobia Scale (PAS), and Mini-international Neuropsychiatric Interview. Bivariate analyses were followed by regression analyses. The patients' mean PAS score was 29...
January 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855338/subjective-anger-and-overt-aggression-in-psychiatric-outpatients
#12
Timothy Genovese, Kristy Dalrymple, Iwona Chelminski, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: The attention given to anger and aggression in psychiatric patients pales in comparison to the attention given to depression and anxiety. Most studies have focused on a limited number of psychiatric disorders, and results have been inconsistent. The present report from the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services (MIDAS) project sought to replicate and extend prior findings examining which psychiatric disorders and demographic characteristics were independently associated with elevated levels of anger and aggression...
October 17, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809643/the-evaluation-of-anxiety-and-panic-agarophobia-scores-in-patients-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-on-initial-presentation-and-at-the-follow-up-visit
#13
Serif Samil Kahraman, Cengiz Arli, Umit Sertan Copoglu, Mehmet Hanifi Kokacya, Sait Colak
CONCLUSION: Patients with BPPV experienced short but intense anxiety and/or panic disorder, especially at the initial visit, but most patients recovered without medication with successful treatment. OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown that people with dizziness report some psychological problems such as panic and agoraphobia and anxiety. The aim of this study was to evaluate anxiety and panic agorophobia levels in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo on initial presentation and at the follow-up visit and compare the scores with the control group...
November 4, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799774/impact-of-dissociation-on-treatment-of-depressive-and-anxiety-spectrum-disorders-with-and-without-personality-disorders
#14
Jan Prasko, Ales Grambal, Petra Kasalova, Dana Kamardova, Marie Ociskova, Michaela Holubova, Kristyna Vrbova, Zuzana Sigmundova, Klara Latalova, Milos Slepecky, Marta Zatkova
OBJECTIVE: The central goal of the study was to analyze the impact of dissociation on the treatment effectiveness in patients with anxiety/neurotic spectrum and depressive disorders with or without comorbid personality disorders. METHODS: The research sample consisted of inpatients who were hospitalized in the psychiatric department and met the ICD-10 criteria for diagnosis of depressive disorder, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, mixed anxiety-depressive disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia, obsessive compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, adjustment disorders, dissociative/conversion disorders, somatoform disorder, or other anxiety/neurotic spectrum disorder...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775828/cross-national-epidemiology-of-panic-disorder-and-panic-attacks-in-the-world-mental-health-surveys
#15
Peter de Jonge, Annelieke M Roest, Carmen C W Lim, Silvia E Florescu, Evelyn J Bromet, Dan J Stein, Meredith Harris, Vladimir Nakov, Jose Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida, Daphna Levinson, Ali O Al-Hamzawi, Josep Maria Haro, Maria Carmen Viana, Guilherme Borges, Siobhan O'Neill, Giovanni de Girolamo, Koen Demyttenaere, Oye Gureje, Noboru Iwata, Sing Lee, Chiyi Hu, Aimee Karam, Jacek Moskalewicz, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Mark Oakley Browne, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Yolanda Torres, Margreet L Ten Have, Ronald C Kessler, Kate M Scott
CONTEXT: The scarcity of cross-national reports and the changes in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual version 5 (DSM-5) regarding panic disorder (PD) and panic attacks (PAs) call for new epidemiological data on PD and PAs and its subtypes in the general population. OBJECTIVE: To present representative data about the cross-national epidemiology of PD and PAs in accordance with DSM-5 definitions. DESIGN AND SETTING: Nationally representative cross-sectional surveys using the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview version 3...
December 2016: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774709/the-effect-of-korean-group-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-among-patients-with-panic-disorder-in-clinic-settings
#16
Y S Choi, E J Lee
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Panic disorder patients display various panic-related physical symptoms and catastrophic misinterpretation of bodily sensations, which lower their quality of life by interfering with daily activities. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a useful strategy for panic disorder patients to manage symptoms associated with inaccurate cognitive interpretation of situations resulting from the patient's cognitive vulnerability. In South Korea, however, despite the increasing prevalence of panic disorder, CBT is not a common element of nursing care plans for panic disorder patients...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756045/etiologic-specificity-of-waking-cortisol-links-with-maternal-history-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-adolescent-girls
#17
Brandon L Goldstein, Greg Perlman, Roman Kotov, Joan E Broderick, Keke Liu, Camilo Ruggero, Daniel N Klein
BACKGROUND: Many previous studies have indicated that individuals who are depressed or at risk for depression are characterized by increased levels of morning cortisol and a greater cortisol awakening response (CAR). However, despite the high comorbidity between depressive and anxiety disorders, fewer studies have examined whether these diurnal cortisol abnormalities are also characteristic of anxiety or risk for anxiety. METHODS: In the present study we examined cortisol in a community sample of 476 female adolescents and related it to maternal history of depression and/or anxiety disorders...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748002/psychometric-properties-of-the-dimensional-anxiety-scales-for-dsm-5-in-a-brazilian-community-sample
#18
Diogo A DeSousa, André L Moreno, Flávia L Osório, José Alexandre S Crippa, Richard LeBeau, Gisele G Manfro, Giovanni A Salum, Silvia H Koller
The DSM-5 highlights the use of dimensional assessments of mental health as a supplement to categorical diagnoses. This study investigated the psychometric properties of the DSM-5 Dimensional Anxiety Scales in a Brazilian community sample. Dimensional scales for generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, and specific phobia were administered to 930 adults aged 18 to 70, 64.2% female. Psychometric properties investigated were: unidimensionality; measurement invariance; internal consistency; composite reliability; test-retest reliability; convergent and divergent validity; category thresholds and item performance analyses...
October 16, 2016: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730622/psychological-therapies-versus-pharmacological-interventions-for-panic-disorder-with-or-without-agoraphobia-in-adults
#19
REVIEW
Hissei Imai, Aran Tajika, Peiyao Chen, Alessandro Pompoli, Toshi A Furukawa
BACKGROUND: Panic disorder is common and deleterious to mental well-being. Psychological therapies and pharmacological interventions are both used as treatments for panic disorder with and without agoraphobia. However, there are no up-to-date reviews on the comparative efficacy and acceptability of the two treatment modalities, and such a review is necessary for improved treatment planning for this disorder. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and acceptability of psychological therapies versus pharmacological interventions for panic disorder, with or without agoraphobia, in adults...
October 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725796/agency-and-anxiety-delusions-of-control-and-loss-of-control-in-schizophrenia-and-agoraphobia
#20
Shaun Gallagher, Dylan Trigg
We review the distinction between sense of agency and sense of ownership, and then explore these concepts, and their reflective attributions, in schizophrenic symptoms and agoraphobia. We show how the underlying dynamics of these experiences are different across these disorders. We argue that these concepts are complex and cannot be reduced to neural mechanisms, but involve embodied and situated processes that include the physical and social environments. We conclude by arguing that the subjective and intersubjective dimensions of agency and ownership cannot be considered in isolation from one another, but instead form an interdependent pairing...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
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