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Agoraphobia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157845/face-perception-in-social-anxiety-visuocortical-dynamics-reveal-propensities-for-hypervigilance-or-avoidance
#1
Lisa M McTeague, Marie-Claude Laplante, Hailey W Bulls, Joshua R Shumen, Peter J Lang, Andreas Keil
BACKGROUND: Theories of aberrant attentional processing in social anxiety, and anxiety disorders more broadly, have postulated an initial hypervigilance or facilitation to clinically relevant threats and consequent defensive avoidance. However, existing objective measurements utilized to explore this phenomenon lack the resolution to elucidate attentional dynamics, particularly covert influences. METHODS: We utilized a continuous measure of visuocortical engagement, the steady-state visual evoked potential in response to naturalistic angry, fearful, happy, and neutral facial expressions...
October 13, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154158/the-prevalence-reporting-and-treatment-of-anxiety-among-older-adults-in-nursing-homes-and-other-residential-aged-care-facilities
#2
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
BACKGROUND: Little is known about anxiety in aged care populations, despite its increase in this frail population. This study investigated the prevalence, recording, and treatment rate of anxiety disorders among aged care residents. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational design was used to assess 180 elderly residents from 12 aged care facilities in Melbourne, Australia. Participants were assessed for threshold and subthreshold anxiety disorders and comorbid depression using the MINI for DSM-5...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148571/panel%C3%A2-report-ipa-congress-buenos-aires-2017-claustro-agoraphobia-bertram-lewin-and-the-oral-triad-6-april-2017
#3
Béatrice Ithier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110024/parenting-style-and-mental-disorders-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-adolescents
#4
John David Eun, Diana Paksarian, Jian-Ping He, Kathleen Ries Merikangas
PURPOSE: We examined associations between parenting style and past-year mental disorders in a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of US adolescents and whether the associations differed by adolescent demographic characteristics. METHODS: The sample included 6483 adolescents aged 13-18 years who were interviewed for a full range of DSM-IV mental disorders. Parenting style was assessed by adolescent-reported maternal and paternal care and control using items from the Parental Bonding Instrument...
November 6, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104331/experiential-avoidance-and-bordering-psychological-constructs-as-predictors-of-the-onset-relapse-and-maintenance-of-anxiety-disorders-one-or-many
#5
Philip Spinhoven, Albert M van Hemert, Brenda W J H Penninx
To investigate (a) the incremental predictive validity of experiential avoidance over and above bordering psychological constructs (i.e., rumination, worry, neuroticism and anxiety sensitivity) in predicting onset, relapse and maintenance of anxiety disorders; and (b) whether these related constructs can be represented by a single, higher-order latent factor with similar predictive power as the separate psychological constructs while offering a more parsimonious predictive model. Longitudinal cohort study with repeated assessments after 4 years in a sample of 2157 adults aged 18-65, consisting of 1614 persons with past or current anxiety disorder (Panic Disorder with or without Agoraphobia, Social Anxiety Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Agoraphobia without panic) according to the Composite Interview Diagnostic Instrument (CIDI) and 543 controls...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078153/comorbidity-classes-and-associated-impairment-demographics-and-9-11-exposures-in-8-236-children-and-adolescents
#6
Lupo Geronazzo-Alman, Guia Guffanti, Ruth Eisenberg, Bin Fan, George J Musa, Judith Wicks, Michaeline Bresnahan, Cristiane S Duarte, Christina Hoven
The extensive comorbidity of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents leads to clinical heterogeneity, and is an often-overlooked issue in etiopathogenic and treatment studies in developmental psychopathology. In a representative sample (N=8236) of New York City public school students assessed six months after 9/11, latent class analysis was applied to 48 symptoms across seven disorders: posttraumatic stress, agoraphobia, separation anxiety, panic disorder, generalized anxiety (GAD), major depression (MDD) and conduct disorder (CD)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066160/non-motor-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-dopa-responsive-dystonia-patients
#7
E R Timmers, A Kuiper, M Smit, A L Bartels, D J Kamphuis, N I Wolf, B T Poll-The, T Wassenberg, E A J Peeters, T J de Koning, M A J Tijssen
BACKGROUND: In patients with GTP-cyclohydrolase deficient dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) the occurrence of associated non-motor symptoms (NMS) is to be expected. Earlier studies report conflicting results with regard to the nature and severity of NMS. The aim of our study was to investigate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders, sleep problems, fatigue and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in a Dutch DRD cohort. METHODS: Clinical characteristics, motor symptoms, type and severity of psychiatric co-morbidity, sleep problems, fatigue and HR-QoL were assessed in DRD patients with a confirmed GCH1 mutation and matched controls...
October 10, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034525/reliability-and-validity-of-severity-dimensions-of-psychopathology-assessed-using-the-structured-clinical-interview-for-dsm-5-scid
#8
Stewart A Shankman, Carter J Funkhouser, Daniel N Klein, Joanne Davila, Debra Lerner, Danelle Hee
This study examined whether the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID), a widely used semistructured interview designed to assess psychopathology categorically, can be adapted to identify reliable and valid severity dimensions of psychopathology. The present study also examined whether these severity dimensions have better psychometric properties (internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and concurrent and predictive validity) than categorical diagnoses. Participants (N = 234) were recruited from the community and clinics...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034101/lamotrigine-induced-sexual-dysfunction-and-non-adherence-case-analysis-with-literature-review
#9
Kenneth R Kaufman, Melissa Coluccio, Kartik Sivaraaman, Miriam Campeas
BACKGROUND: Optimal anti-epileptic drug (AED) treatment maximises therapeutic response and minimises adverse effects (AEs). Key to therapeutic AED treatment is adherence. Non-adherence is often related to severity of AEs. Frequently, patients do not spontaneously report, and clinicians do not specifically query, critical AEs that lead to non-adherence, including sexual dysfunction. Sexual dysfunction prevalence in patients with epilepsy ranges from 40 to 70%, often related to AEDs, epilepsy or mood states...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033054/temporary-stages-and-motivational-variables-two-complementary-perspectives-in-the-help-seeking-process-for-mental-disorders
#10
Gema Del Valle Del Valle, Carmen Carrió, Amparo Belloch
INTRODUCTION: Help-seeking for mental disorders is a complex process, which includes different temporary stages, and in which the motivational variables play an especially relevant role. However, there is a lack of instruments to evaluate in depth both the temporary and motivational variables involved in the help-seeking process. This study aims to analyse in detail these two sets of variables, using a specific instrument designed for the purpose, to gain a better understanding of the process of treatment seeking...
October 9, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031568/anxiety-disorders-in-old-age-psychiatric-comorbidities-quality-of-life-and-prevalence-according-to-age-gender-and-country
#11
Alessandra Canuto, Kerstin Weber, Marc Baertschi, Sylke Andreas, Jana Volkert, Maria Christina Dehoust, Susanne Sehner, Anna Suling, Karl Wegscheider, Berta Ausín, Mike J Crawford, Chiara Da Ronch, Luigi Grassi, Yael Hershkovitz, Manuel Muñoz, Alan Quirk, Ora Rotenstein, Ana Belén Santos-Olmo, Arieh Shalev, Jens Strehle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Holger Schulz, Martin Härter
OBJECTIVES: Previous estimates of the prevalence of anxiety disorders in late life vary greatly due to the lack of reliable diagnostic tools. This MentDis_ICF65+ study assessed 12-month prevalence rates of anxiety disorders and age- and gender-related differences in comorbidities, as well as impact on quality of life. DESIGN: The study used a cross-sectional multicenter survey. PARTICIPANTS: The study sample comprised 3,142 men and women aged 65 to 84 years, living in five European countries and Israel...
September 5, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972592/genetically-driven-brain-serotonin-deficiency-facilitates-panic-like-escape-behavior-in-mice
#12
J Waider, S Popp, M D Lange, R Kern, J F Kolter, J Kobler, N C Donner, K R Lowe, J H Malzbender, C J Brazell, M R Arnold, B Aboagye, A Schmitt-Böhrer, C A Lowry, H C Pape, K P Lesch
Multiple lines of evidence implicate brain serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) system dysfunction in the pathophysiology of stressor-related and anxiety disorders. Here we investigate the influence of constitutively deficient 5-HT synthesis on stressor-related anxiety-like behaviors using Tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (Tph2) mutant mice. Functional assessment of c-Fos after associated foot shock, electrophysiological recordings of GABAergic synaptic transmission, differential expression of the Slc6a4 gene in serotonergic neurons were combined with locomotor and anxiety-like measurements in different contextual settings...
October 3, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953790/decision-making-in-panic-disorder-preliminary-report
#13
Katarzyna Jakuszkowiak-Wojten, Alicja Raczak, Jerzy Landowski, Mariusz Stanisław Wiglusz, Maria Gałuszko-Węgielnik, Krzysztof Krysta, Wiesław Jerzy Cubała
BACKGROUND: The impaired decision-making with high risk-aversive behavior and elevated impulsivity are reported as a trait feature in anxiety disorders including panic disorder (PD). It is hypothesised that PD patients exhibit difficulties in executive functions which can influence patients behavioural strategies e.g. problem solving, decision making, planning, impulse control. The aim of this study was to asses decision making process, risk-taking and impulsivity in PD patients as compared to healthy controls...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926359/personality-traits-in-panic-disorder-patients-with-and-without-comorbidities
#14
Morena M Zugliani, Rocio Martin-Santos, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Rafael Christophe Freire
Panic disorder (PD) is often correlated with high neuroticism and low extraversion. This study aims to ascertain whether PD patients differ from healthy controls in regard to personality traits and determine if these traits are correlated with comorbid disorders, anxiety, and depression symptoms. Personality traits of 69 PD patients and 42 controls were compared using the Maudsley Personality Inventory. In PD patients, comorbidities, anxiety, and depression symptoms were also evaluated. PD patients showed higher neuroticism and lower extraversion compared with healthy controls...
November 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878702/stigma-stop-a-serious-game-against-the-stigma-toward-mental-health-in-educational-settings
#15
Adolfo J Cangas, Noelia Navarro, José M A Parra, Juan J Ojeda, Diego Cangas, Jose A Piedra, Jose Gallego
This paper presents the results from the application of a serious game called Stigma-Stop among a group of high school students with the aim of reducing the stigma toward mental illnesses. The video game features characters with various mental disorders (schizophrenia, depression, bipolar disorder, and panic disorder with agoraphobia) and provides information about these problems. Additionally, the game asks players about whether they have ever felt the same as the characters, if they believe the characters are psychologically well, and if they think they could help these individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872638/modulation-of-defensive-reactivity-by-glrb-allelic-variation-converging-evidence-from-an-intermediate-phenotype-approach
#16
U Lueken, M Kuhn, Y Yang, B Straube, T Kircher, H-U Wittchen, B Pfleiderer, V Arolt, A Wittmann, A Ströhle, H Weber, A Reif, K Domschke, J Deckert, T B Lonsdorf
Representing a phylogenetically old and very basic mechanism of inhibitory neurotransmission, glycine receptors have been implicated in the modulation of behavioral components underlying defensive responding toward threat. As one of the first findings being confirmed by genome-wide association studies for the phenotype of panic disorder and agoraphobia, allelic variation in a gene coding for the glycine receptor beta subunit (GLRB) has recently been associated with increased neural fear network activation and enhanced acoustic startle reflexes...
September 5, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867934/treatment-of-anxiety-disorders
#17
Borwin Bandelow, Sophie Michaelis, Dirk Wedekind
Anxiety disorders (generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder/agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder, and others) are the most prevalent psychiatric disorders, and are associated with a high burden of illness. Anxiety disorders are often underrecognized and undertreated in primary care. Treatment is indicated when a patient shows marked distress or suffers from complications resulting from the disorder. The treatment recommendations given in this article are based on guidelines, meta-analyses, and systematic reviews of randomized controlled studies...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867421/dsm-5-illness-anxiety-disorder-and-somatic-symptom-disorder-comorbidity-correlates-and-overlap-with-dsm-iv-hypochondriasis
#18
Jill M Newby, Megan J Hobbs, Alison E J Mahoney, Shiu Kelvin Wong, Gavin Andrews
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reliability, validity and utility of DSM-5 illness anxiety disorder (IAD) and somatic symptom disorder (SSD), and explore their overlap with DSM-IV Hypochondriasis in a health anxious sample. METHODS: Treatment-seeking patients with health anxiety (N=118) completed structured diagnostic interviews to assess DSM-IV Hypochondriasis, DSM-5 IAD, SSD, and comorbid mental disorders, and completed self-report measures of health anxiety, comorbid symptoms, cognitions and behaviours, and service utilization...
October 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845177/agoraphobia-and-follicle-stimulating-hormone-levels-between-tamoxifen-and-goserelin-versus-tamoxifen-alone-in-premenopausal-hormone-receptor-positive-breast-cancer-a-12-month-prospective-randomized-study
#19
Jung-Yoon Heo, Hawoo Yi, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon, Kiwon Kim, Sechang Yoon, Hong Jin Jeon, Jeong Eon Lee
OBJECTIVE: Tamoxifen is an estrogen receptor antagonist used to prevent recurrence of breast cancer, which may provoke depression and anxiety and increase follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) to patients. We compared anxiety and depression symptoms and FSH levels who received conventional tamoxifen alone and combination treatment of goserelin, a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogue, with tamoxifen. METHODS: Sixty-four premenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early-stage breast cancer were included and were assigned randomly to receive either tamoxifen and goserelin combination or tamoxifen alone for 12 months...
July 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826378/improvement-in-adult-anxious-and-avoidant-attachment-during-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-panic-disorder
#20
Dina Zalaznik, Michal Weiss, Jonathan D Huppert
OBJECTIVE: This study examined attachment within the framework of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA) by measuring the changes in avoidant and anxious attachment in a session-by-session analysis. METHOD: Thirty-one patients with PDA were treated using CBT. Pre-session data on attachment style (ECR), avoidance behaviors (MI-alone: MI-al; MI-accompanied: MI-ac), anxiety sensitivity (ASI), emotion regulation (ERQ), and working alliance (WAI) were collected...
August 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
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