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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551925/-clinical-characteristics-of-male-patients-with-osteoporosis-referred-to-the-endocrine-clinic-of-a-tertiary-hospital
#1
Gloria Tsvetov, Ilana Shraga-Slutzky, Dania Hirsch, Hiba Masri, Tzippy Shohat, Alexander Gorshtein, Ilan Shimon
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis in men is underdiagnosed and undertreated. The prevalence of male osteoporosis increases with age and it becomes a significant public health burden. Currently, there are a few clinical studies on male osteoporosis with limited knowledge of effective therapeutic options. AIMS: Our study aimed to characterize men with osteoporosis in a referral metabolic clinic in Rabin Medical Center at the Beilinson Campus. METHODS: In this study we retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 270 consecutive male patients with osteoporosis diagnosed and treated in our clinic during 2013...
April 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551924/-adherence-to-oral-anti-cancer-drugs-in-hemato-oncology
#2
Sarit Ashkenazi, Juliet Dreyer, Pia Raanani, Avi Leader
Non-adherence to medical treatment is prevalent in the context of potentially life-saving treatment for diseases such as cancer. Estimates of non-adherence to oral anti-cancer therapy range between 27% and 63% in studies of cancer patients. This represents a growing challenge, due to the paradigm shift in anti-cancer treatment from parenteral chemotherapy to oral anti-cancer drugs. The importance of adherence to medical treatment is highlighted by the World Health Organization which considers non-adherence to be a major public health concern...
April 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551903/-against-all-odds-promoting-research-clinical-development-and-medical-services-of-the-conflict-in-the-galilee-medical-center
#3
Jacob Bornstein
The Galilee Medical Center (GMC) is unique in several aspects. Firstly, in the clinical aspect: In recent years, led by the Director of Medical Center, Dr. Masad Barhoum, a considerable momentum of development has taken place to reduce health discrepancies between the center and the periphery. Despite the under- financing of the health system in the Galilee, the GMC opened new clinical departments, introduced advanced medical technology and key staff members were added. This approach is depicted in publications presented in the current issue...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551861/determinants-of-clinic-absenteeism-a-novel-method-of-examining-distance-from-clinic-and-transportation
#4
Ryan W Dobbs, Neha R Malhotra, Brandon M Caldwell, Raymond Rojas, Daniel M Moreira, Michael R Abern
Delayed treatment and non-adherence are associated with inferior prostate cancer (CaP) outcomes. Missed clinic appointments (MA) are one form of non-adherence that may be preventable. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 1341 scheduled clinic encounters for men referred to an academic urology clinic for evaluation of known or suspected CaP. Driving distance and public transit times were calculated using a Google Distance Matrix API algorithm. Zip code level data regarding socioeconomic status was obtained from the 2013 American Community Survey...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551829/meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-genetic-polymorphisms-on-intervertebral-disc-degeneration
#5
J Rigal, A Léglise, T Barnetche, A Cogniet, S Aunoble, J C Le Huec
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain is a significant public health issue. Both its direct and indirect cost represents tens of billions of US dollars. Although chronic low back pain can be the result of many factors, the predominant cause is disc degeneration. Recent studies have shown genetic involvement in up to 74% of cases. This study aimed to evaluate genetic risk factors of disc degeneration by performing a systematic analysis of association studies. The objective is to provide a guide for practice by assessing the clinical relevance of current information...
May 27, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551805/mitochondria-damage-and-kidney-disease
#6
Pu Duann, Pei-Hui Lin
The kidney is a vital organ that demands an extraordinary amount of energy to actively maintain the body's metabolism, plasma hemodynamics, electrolytes and water homeostasis, nutrients reabsorption, and hormone secretion. Kidney is only second to the heart in mitochondrial count and oxygen consumption. As such, the health and status of the energy power house, the mitochondria, is pivotal to the health and proper function of the kidney. Mitochondria are heterogeneous and highly dynamic organelles and their functions are subject to complex regulations through modulation of its biogenesis, bioenergetics, dynamics and clearance within cell...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551560/ornamental-plants-on-sale-to-the-public-are-a-significant-source-of-pesticide-residues-with-implications-for-the-health-of-pollinating-insects
#7
A Lentola, A David, A Abdul-Sada, A Tapparo, D Goulson, E M Hill
Garden centres frequently market nectar- and pollen-rich ornamental plants as "pollinator-friendly", however these plants are often treated with pesticides during their production. There is little information on the nature of pesticide residues present at the point of purchase and whether these plants may actually pose a threat to, rather than benefit, the health of pollinating insects. Using mass spectrometry analyses, this study screened leaves from 29 different 'bee-friendly' plants for 8 insecticides and 16 fungicides commonly used in ornamental production...
May 25, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551493/residential-greenness-and-adiposity-findings-from-the-uk-biobank
#8
Chinmoy Sarkar
BACKGROUND: With the rapid urbanization and prevailing obesity pandemic, the role of residential green exposures in obesity prevention has gained renewed focus. The study investigated the effects of residential green exposures on adiposity using a large and diverse population sample drawn from the UK Biobank. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a population based cross-sectional study of 333,183 participants aged 38-73years with individual-level data on residential greenness and built environment exposures...
May 25, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551477/an-evaluation-of-approaches-used-to-teach-quality-improvement-to-pre-registration-healthcare-professionals-an-integrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Lorraine Armstrong, Ashley Shepherd, Fiona Harris
BACKGROUND: Improving the quality of healthcare remains central to UK and international policy, practice and research. In 2003, The Institute of Medicine's 'Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality', advocated quality improvement as a core competency for all healthcare professionals. As a result, developing capacity and capability of those applying improvement methodologies in the pre-registration population has risen, yet, little is known about the teaching approaches employed for this purpose...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551472/student-outbreak-response-teams-lessons-learned-from-a-decade-of-collaboration
#10
K Pogreba-Brown, J Weiss, G Briggs, A Taylor, M Schumacher, B England, R B Harris
OBJECTIVES: Student response teams within colleges of public health effectively address important concerns for two stakeholders. For universities, students learn the fundamentals of field epidemiology and provide popular training and networking opportunities. For health departments, students serve as surge capacity as trained workforce available during outbreak investigations and potentially for routine tasks. STUDY DESIGN: This paper describes the interaction between a student response team and several health departments utilizing specific examples to demonstrate the various roles and activities students can fulfill...
May 25, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551446/intimate-partner-violence-and-pregnancy-epidemiology-and-impact
#11
REVIEW
Christian A Chisholm, Linda Bullock, James E Jef Ferguson
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health problem in our society, affecting women disproportionately. IPV takes many forms, including physical violence, sexual violence, stalking, and psychological aggression. While the scope of IPV is not fully documented, nearly 40% of women in the US are victims of sexual violence in their lifetimes and 20% are victims of physical IPV. Other forms of IPV are likely particularly underreported. IPV has a substantial impact on a woman's physical and mental health...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551366/modeling-spatial-invasion-of-ebola-in-west-africa
#12
Jeremy P D'Silva, Marisa C Eisenberg
The 2014-2015 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic in West Africa was the largest ever recorded, representing a fundamental shift in Ebola epidemiology with unprecedented spatiotemporal complexity. To understand the spatiotemporal dynamics of EVD in West Africa, we developed spatial transmission models using a gravity-model framework at both the national and district-level scales, which we used to compare effectiveness of local interventions (e.g. local quarantine) and long-range interventions (e.g. border-closures)...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551361/sitting-too-much-a-hierarchy-of-socio-demographic-correlates
#13
Jeroen Lakerveld, Anne Loyen, Nina Schotman, Carel F W Peeters, Greet Cardon, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Nanna Lien, Sebastien Chastin, Johannes Brug
Too much sitting (extended sedentary time) is recognized as a public health concern in Europe and beyond. Time spent sedentary is influenced and conditioned by clusters of individual-level and contextual (upstream) factors. Identifying population subgroups that sit too much could help to develop targeted interventions to reduce sedentary time. We explored the relative importance of socio-demographic correlates of sedentary time in adults across Europe. We used data from 26,617 adults who participated in the 2013 Special Eurobarometer 412 "Sport and physical activity"...
May 24, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551322/beliefs-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-parkinson-s-disease-among-a-xhosa-speaking-black-population-in-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Jolynne Mokaya, William K Gray, Jonathan Carr
INTRODUCTION: Many patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are thought to be undiagnosed and untreated, leading to poor health outcomes. Increasing rates of diagnosis and treatment, with consequent improvements in the quality of life of people with PD in SSA requires an understanding of how PD is perceived and conceptualized within communities. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a group of Xhosa speaking black South Africans...
May 13, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551091/prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-older-people-in-central-africa-the-epidemca-study
#15
Sophie Pilleron, Victor Aboyans, Pascal Mbelesso, Bébène Ndamba-Bandzouzi, Ileana Desormais, Philippe Lacroix, Pierre-Marie Preux, Maëlenn Guerchet
Hypertension represents a major global health burden. While older individuals of African descent are at higher risk of hypertension in western countries, epidemiologic data on hypertension in older native Africans are scarce. We assessed the prevalence and the level of awareness and control of hypertension among older adults in Central Africa. A total of 1990 individuals aged 65 years and older from the Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic participated into a cross-sectional population-based survey...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551006/the-public-s-opinions-on-a-new-school-meals-policy-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-in-the-u-s-a-social-media-analytics-approach
#16
Yin Kang, Youfa Wang, Dongsong Zhang, Lina Zhou
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the public's opinions on a new school meals policy for childhood obesity prevention, discovers aspects concerning those opinions, and identifies possible gender and regional differences in the U.S. METHODS: We collected 14,317 relevant tweets from 11,715 users since the national policy enactment on Feb 9, 2010 through Dec 31, 2015. We applied opinion mining techniques to classify tweets into positive, negative, and neutral categories, and conducted content analysis to gain insights into aspects of opinions in terms of target, holder, source, and function...
July 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550996/web-based-health-interventions-for-family-caregivers-of-elderly-individuals-a-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Marina B Wasilewski, Jennifer N Stinson, Jill I Cameron
BACKGROUND: For the growing proportion of elders globally, aging-related illnesses are primary causes of morbidity causing reliance on family members for support in the community. Family caregivers experience poorer physical and mental health than their non-caregiving counterparts. Web-based interventions can provide accessible support to family caregivers to offset declines in their health and well-being. Existing reviews focused on web-based interventions for caregivers have been limited to single illness populations and have mostly focused on the efficacy of the interventions...
July 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550995/experiences-practices-and-barriers-to-accessing-health-information-a-qualitative-study
#18
Arabella Scantlebury, Alison Booth, Bec Hanley
BACKGROUND: With technology advancements making vast amounts of health information available whenever and wherever it is required, there is a growing need to understand how this information is being accessed and used. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore patients/public and health professionals' experiences, practices and preferences for accessing health information. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted with 35 healthcare professionals (31 nurses and 4 allied health professionals) and 14 patients/members of the public...
July 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550937/increase-in-computed-tomography-in-australia-driven-mainly-by-practice-change-a-decomposition-analysis
#19
Cameron M Wright, Max K Bulsara, Richard Norman, Rachael E Moorin
BACKGROUND: Publicly funded computed tomography (CT) procedure descriptions in Australia often specify the body site, rather than indication for use. This study aimed to evaluate the relative contribution of demographic versus non-demographic factors in driving the increase in CT services in Australia. METHODS: A decomposition analysis was conducted to assess the proportion of additional CT attributable to changing population structure, CT use on a per capita basis (CPC, a proxy for change in practice) and/or cost of CT...
April 28, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550936/the-bare-necessities-a-realist-review-of-necessity-argumentations-used-in-health-care-coverage-decisions
#20
REVIEW
Tineke Kleinhout-Vliek, Antoinette de Bont, Bert Boer
CONTEXT: Policy makers and insurance companies decide on coverage of care by both calculating (cost-) effectiveness and assessing the necessity of coverage. AIM: To investigate argumentations pertaining to necessity used in coverage decisions made by policy makers and insurance companies, as well as those argumentations used by patients, authors, the public and the media. METHODS: This study is designed as a realist review, adhering to the RAMESES quality standards...
May 5, 2017: Health Policy
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