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Attentional control AND school achievement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213497/development-and-content-validity-of-the-cena-program-for-educational-training-on-the-neuropsychology-of-learning-with-an-emphasis-on-executive-functions-and-attention
#1
Janice R Pureza, Rochele P Fonseca
Introduction: The importance of executive functions (EF) in childhood development, and their role as indicators of health, well-being, professional and academic success have been demonstrated by several studies in the literature. FE are cognitive processes that aim to control and manage behavior to achieve specific goal and included skills planning, inhibition, cognitive flexibility, (executive) attention and the central executive component of working memory (WM). In the context of education, the EF are crucial for continued learning and efficient academic performance due to their involvement in several components of the educational process...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178114/outcomes-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-global-functioning-and-symptoms-persistence
#2
Ahmed Al Ansari, Randah R Hamadeh, Haitham Jahrami, Eman A Haji
Many adolescents with ADHD show antisocial behaviour and low educational achievement. These issues have not been validated in the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region. The objective of this study was to assess the global functioning and behaviour of children with ADHD growing into adolescence 10 years after initial diagnosis. Parents were interviewed using a structured questionnaire, Conner's Short Version Test and the Children's Global Assessment Scale. Nearly half of our sample had low academic achievement and 36% had no friends...
November 19, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172680/efficacy-and-safety-of-hld200-delayed-release-and-extended-release-methylphenidate-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
Steven R Pliszka, Timothy E Wilens, Samantha Bostrom, Valerie K Arnold, Andrea Marraffino, Andrew J Cutler, Frank A López, Norberto J DeSousa, Floyd R Sallee, Bev Incledon, Jeffrey H Newcorn
OBJECTIVE: Evening-dosed HLD200 is a delayed-release and extended-release methylphenidate (DR/ER-MPH) formulation consisting of uniform, dual-layered microbeads with an inner drug-loaded core. DR/ER-MPH is designed to delay the initial release of drug by 8-10 hours, and thereafter, provide a controlled, extended drug release to target onset of effect upon awakening that lasts into the evening. This phase 3 study evaluated the safety and efficacy of DR/ER-MPH on symptoms and temporal at-home functional impairment in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
August 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159857/methylphenidate-for-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
REVIEW
Nancy Sturman, Laura Deckx, Mieke L van Driel
BACKGROUND: Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently present with inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity, which are the cardinal symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The effectiveness of methylphenidate, a commonly used ADHD treatment, is therefore of interest in these children. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of methylphenidate for symptoms of ADHD (inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity) and ASD (impairments in social interaction and communication, and repetitive, restricted or stereotypical behaviours) in children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years with ASD...
November 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154033/measuring-preschool-learning-engagement-in-the-laboratory
#5
Simone E Halliday, Susan D Calkins, Esther M Leerkes
Learning engagement is a critical factor for academic achievement and successful school transitioning. However, current methods of assessing learning engagement in young children are limited to teacher report or classroom observation, which may limit the types of research questions one could assess about this construct. The current study investigated the validity of a novel assessment designed to measure behavioral learning engagement among young children in a standardized laboratory setting and examined how learning engagement in the laboratory relates to future classroom adjustment...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140499/simple-arithmetic-not-so-simple-for-highly-math-anxious-individuals
#6
Hyesang Chang, Lisa Sprute, Erin A Maloney, Sian L Beilock, Marc G Berman
Fluency with simple arithmetic, typically achieved in early elementary school, is thought to be one of the building blocks of mathematical competence. Behavioral studies with adults indicate that math anxiety (feelings of tension or apprehension about math) is associated with poor performance on cognitively demanding math problems. However, it remains unclear whether there are fundamental differences in how high and low math anxious individuals approach overlearned simple arithmetic problems that are less reliant on cognitive control...
November 11, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960257/an-online-growth-mindset-intervention-in-a-sample-of-rural-adolescent-girls
#7
Jeni L Burnette, Michelle V Russell, Crystal L Hoyt, Kasey Orvidas, Laura Widman
BACKGROUND: Students living in rural areas of the United States exhibit lower levels of educational attainment than their suburban counterparts. Innovative interventions are needed to close this educational achievement gap. AIMS: We investigated whether an online growth mindset intervention could be leveraged to promote academic outcomes. SAMPLE: We tested the mindset intervention in a sample of 222 10th-grade adolescent girls (M age = 15...
September 27, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893075/classroom-acoustics-as-a-consideration-for-inclusive-education-in-south-africa
#8
Coralie Van Reenen, Catherine Karusseit
BACKGROUND: It can hardly be disputed that a school environment should be conducive or, at the very least, not prohibitive to effective learning. The provision of fair, equal and barrier-free access to education is referred to as inclusive education. South Africa supports a policy of inclusive schooling, striving to accommodate all children, including those with disabilities, in mainstream schools. This article sets out to prove that noise control in classrooms is a relevant, yet neglected, aspect of inclusive classroom design in South Africa and requires specific attention...
September 8, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843999/predicting-clinical-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-based-on-temporal-patterns-between-and-within-intrinsic-connectivity-networks
#9
Xun-Heng Wang, Yun Jiao, Lihua Li
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common brain disorder with high prevalence in school-age children. Previously developed machine learning-based methods have discriminated patients with ADHD from normal controls by providing label information of the disease for individuals. Inattention and impulsivity are the two most significant clinical symptoms of ADHD. However, predicting clinical symptoms (i.e., inattention and impulsivity) is a challenging task based on neuroimaging data. The goal of this study is twofold: to build predictive models for clinical symptoms of ADHD based on resting-state fMRI and to mine brain networks for predictive patterns of inattention and impulsivity...
August 24, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753498/the-impact-of-epilepsy-on-academic-achievement-in-children-with-normal-intelligence-and-without-major-comorbidities-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
S W Wo, L C Ong, W Y Low, P S M Lai
PURPOSE: To systematically examine published literature which assessed the prevalence of academic difficulties in children with epilepsy (CWE) of normal intelligence, and its associating factors. METHODS: A search was conducted on five databases for articles published in English from 1980 till March 2015. Included were studies who recruited children (aged 5-18 years), with a diagnosis or newly/recurrent epilepsy, an intelligent quotient (IQ) of ≥70 or attending regular school, with or without a control group, which measured academic achievement using a standardised objective measure, and published in English...
July 20, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535806/the-past-matters-estimating-intrinsic-hookworm-transmission-intensity-in-areas-with-past-mass-drug-administration-to-control-lymphatic-filariasis
#11
Marleen Werkman, James E Truscott, Jaspreet Toor, James E Wright, Roy M Anderson
BACKGROUND: Current WHO guidelines for soil-transmitted helminth (STH) control focus on mass drug administration (MDA) targeting preschool-aged (pre-SAC) and school-aged children (SAC), with the goal of eliminating STH as a public health problem amongst children. Recently, attention and funding has turned towards the question whether MDA alone can result in the interruption of transmission for STH. The lymphatic filariasis (LF) elimination programme, have been successful in reaching whole communities...
May 23, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520946/early-cannabis-initiation-and-educational-attainment-is-the-association-causal-data-from-the-french-tempo-study
#12
Maria Melchior, Camille Bolze, Eric Fombonne, Pamela J Surkan, Laura Pryor, Marie Jauffret-Roustide
Background: Adolescent cannabis use has been reported to predict later educational attainment; however, results of past studies may be confounded by inappropriate control for factors that make some youths more likely to use cannabis precociously than others. We aimed to test the possibility of a causal relationship between early cannabis initiation and later academic achievement. Methods: Analyses are based on data collected among TEMPO cohort study participants (France, 2009, n = 1103, 22-35 years)...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439211/examining-the-relations-between-self-regulation-and-achievement-in-third-grade-students
#13
Stephanie L Day, Carol M Connor
Children with stronger self-regulation skills generally demonstrate greater overall success in school both academically and socially. However, there are few valid and reliable measures of self-regulation in middle elementary school. Such a measure could help identify whether a child is truly having difficulties. Thus, the Remembering Rules and Regulation Picture Task (RRRP) was developed. The aim of this study was to develop scoring systems for the RRRP and then to examine the associations between RRRP and independent measures of self-regulation and academic achievement in mathematics and reading...
March 2017: Assessment for Effective Intervention: Official Journal of the Council for Educational Diagnostic Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429606/parent-and-patient-perceptions-of-functional-impairment-due-to-tourette-syndrome-development-of-a-shortened-version-of-the-child-tourette-syndrome-impairment-scale
#14
Kara S Francis Barfell, Ryan R Snyder, Kelly M Isaacs-Cloes, Jordan F Garris, Alyssa R Roeckner, Paul S Horn, Michael D Guthrie, Steve W Wu, Donald L Gilbert
The Child Tourette Syndrome Impairment Scale (CTIM) rates 37 problems in school, social, and home domains separately for tics and for comorbid diagnoses. However, a shorter version would be easier to implement in busy clinics. Using published data from 85 children with Tourette syndrome, 92 controls, and parents, factor analysis was used to generate a "mini-CTIM" composed of 12 items applied to tic and comorbid diagnoses. Child- and parent-rated mini-CTIM scores were compared and correlated across raters and accounting for clinician-rated tic severity and presence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)...
July 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351374/working-memory-training-in-children-with-neuropsychiatric-disorders-and-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-functioning-the-role-of-coaching-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sammy Roording-Ragetlie, Helen Klip, Jan Buitelaar, Dorine Slaats-Willemse
BACKGROUND: Working memory training (WMT) has been shown to offer therapeutic benefits to both patients with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and patients with mild to borderline Intellectual Disabilities (MBID; 60 < IQ < 85). However, robust evidence for transfer effects and treatment benefits of WMT over placebo training are lacking. Owing to the nature of double-blind research designs in RCTs, children have received non-specific coaching not based on their actual training performance...
March 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266232/mental-health-and-educational-achievement-the-link-between-poor-mental-health-and-upper-secondary-school-completion-and-grades
#16
Annica Brännlund, Mattias Strandh, Karina Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Education profoundly affects adult socioeconomic status, so it is important to ensure that all children have the capability and opportunity to achieve educational goals. AIMS: The study aimed to examine the relationship between mental-health during adolescence and upper secondary school completion and grades, which has received comparatively little research attention to date. METHOD: Longitudinal administrative and registered data were used to analyse the relationship between school achievement and prescriptions of psycholeptic and psycho-analeptic drugs...
August 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192484/children-s-visuospatial-memory-predicts-mathematics-achievement-through-early-adolescence
#17
Yaoran Li, David C Geary
A previous study showed that gains in visuospatial memory from first to fifth grade predicted end-of-fifth grade mathematics but not reading achievement, controlling other factors. In this follow up study, these relations were assessed from sixth to ninth grade, inclusive (n = 145). The results showed that growth in visuospatial memory across the elementary school years was related to growth in mathematics achievement after fifth grade, controlling intelligence, the central executive and phonological memory components of working memory, in-class attentive behavior, parental education, and fifth grade mathematics achievement...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191586/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-low-educational-achievement-evidence-supporting-a-causal-hypothesis
#18
Eveline L de Zeeuw, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Erik A Ehli, Eco J C de Geus, Dorret I Boomsma
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and educational achievement are negatively associated in children. Here we test the hypothesis that there is a direct causal effect of ADHD on educational achievement. The causal effect is tested in a genetically sensitive design to exclude the possibility of confounding by a third factor (e.g. genetic pleiotropy) and by comparing educational achievement and secondary school career in children with ADHD who take or do not take methylphenidate. Data on ADHD symptoms, educational achievement and methylphenidate usage were available in a primary school sample of ~10,000 12-year-old twins from the Netherlands Twin Register...
May 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006876/health-related-quality-of-life-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Arpita Parmar, Shannon Marie Vandriel, Vicky Lee Ng
With improved survival rates after pediatric liver transplantation (LT), attention is targeting improving the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) as an outcome metric. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to examine HRQOL after pediatric LT, focusing on assessment tools and factors associated with HRQOL. A literature search was conducted through PubMed, Web of Science, Ovid, and Google Scholar for all studies matching the eligibility criteria between January 2004 and September 2016. Titles and abstracts were screened independently by 2 authors and consensus for included studies was achieved through discussion...
March 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955788/mass-deworming-to-improve-developmental-health-and-wellbeing-of-children-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#20
Vivian A Welch, Elizabeth Ghogomu, Alomgir Hossain, Shally Awasthi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Chisa Cumberbatch, Robert Fletcher, Jessie McGowan, Shari Krishnaratne, Elizabeth Kristjansson, Salim Sohani, Shalini Suresh, Peter Tugwell, Howard White, George A Wells
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminthiasis and schistosomiasis, considered among the neglected tropical diseases by WHO, affect more than a third of the world's population, with varying intensity of infection. We aimed to evaluate the effects of mass deworming for soil-transmitted helminths (with or without deworming for schistosomiasis or co-interventions) on growth, educational achievement, cognition, school attendance, quality of life, and adverse effects in children in endemic helminth areas...
January 2017: Lancet Global Health
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