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Attentional control AND school achievement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266232/mental-health-and-educational-achievement-the-link-between-poor-mental-health-and-upper-secondary-school-completion-and-grades
#1
Annica Brännlund, Mattias Strandh, Karina Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Education profoundly affects adult socioeconomic status, so it is important to ensure that all children have the capability and opportunity to achieve educational goals. AIMS: The study aimed to examine the relationship between mental-health during adolescence and upper secondary school completion and grades, which has received comparatively little research attention to date. METHOD: Longitudinal administrative and registered data were used to analyse the relationship between school achievement and prescriptions of psycholeptic and psycho-analeptic drugs...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192484/children-s-visuospatial-memory-predicts-mathematics-achievement-through-early-adolescence
#2
Yaoran Li, David C Geary
A previous study showed that gains in visuospatial memory from first to fifth grade predicted end-of-fifth grade mathematics but not reading achievement, controlling other factors. In this follow up study, these relations were assessed from sixth to ninth grade, inclusive (n = 145). The results showed that growth in visuospatial memory across the elementary school years was related to growth in mathematics achievement after fifth grade, controlling intelligence, the central executive and phonological memory components of working memory, in-class attentive behavior, parental education, and fifth grade mathematics achievement...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191586/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-low-educational-achievement-evidence-supporting-a-causal-hypothesis
#3
Eveline L de Zeeuw, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Erik A Ehli, Eco J C de Geus, Dorret I Boomsma
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and educational achievement are negatively associated in children. Here we test the hypothesis that there is a direct causal effect of ADHD on educational achievement. The causal effect is tested in a genetically sensitive design to exclude the possibility of confounding by a third factor (e.g. genetic pleiotropy) and by comparing educational achievement and secondary school career in children with ADHD who take or do not take methylphenidate. Data on ADHD symptoms, educational achievement and methylphenidate usage were available in a primary school sample of ~10,000 12-year-old twins from the Netherlands Twin Register...
February 13, 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006876/health-related-quality-of-life-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Arpita Parmar, Shannon Marie Vandriel, Vicky Lee Ng
With improved survival rates after pediatric liver transplantation (LT), attention is targeting improving the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) as an outcome metric. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to examine HRQOL after pediatric LT, focusing on assessment tools and factors associated with HRQOL. A literature search was conducted through PubMed, Web of Science, Ovid, and Google Scholar for all studies matching the eligibility criteria between January 2004 and September 2016. Titles and abstracts were screened independently by 2 authors and consensus for included studies was achieved through discussion...
March 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955788/mass-deworming-to-improve-developmental-health-and-wellbeing-of-children-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#5
Vivian A Welch, Elizabeth Ghogomu, Alomgir Hossain, Shally Awasthi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Chisa Cumberbatch, Robert Fletcher, Jessie McGowan, Shari Krishnaratne, Elizabeth Kristjansson, Salim Sohani, Shalini Suresh, Peter Tugwell, Howard White, George A Wells
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminthiasis and schistosomiasis, considered among the neglected tropical diseases by WHO, affect more than a third of the world's population, with varying intensity of infection. We aimed to evaluate the effects of mass deworming for soil-transmitted helminths (with or without deworming for schistosomiasis or co-interventions) on growth, educational achievement, cognition, school attendance, quality of life, and adverse effects in children in endemic helminth areas...
January 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923439/repeated-versus-wide-reading-a-randomized-control-design-study-examining-the-impact-of-fluency-interventions-on-underlying-reading-behavior
#6
Scott P Ardoin, Katherine S Binder, Tori E Foster, Andrea M Zawoyski
Repeated readings (RR) has garnered much attention as an evidence based intervention designed to improve all components of reading fluency (rate, accuracy, prosody, and comprehension). Despite this attention, there is not an abundance of research comparing its effectiveness to other potential interventions. The current study presents the findings from a randomized control trial study involving the assignment of 168second grade students to a RR, wide reading (WR), or business as usual condition. Intervention students were provided with 9-10weeks of intervention with sessions occurring four times per week...
December 2016: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727430/withdrawn-day-care-for-pre-school-children
#7
REVIEW
Bozhena Zoritch, Ian Roberts, Ann Oakley
BACKGROUND: The debate about how, where and by whom young children should be looked after is one which has occupied much social policy and media attention in recent years. Mothers undertake most of the care of young children. Internationally, out-of-home day-care provision ranges widely. These different levels of provision are not simply a response to different levels of demand for day-care, but reflect cultural and economic interests concerning the welfare of children, the need to promote mothers' participation in paid work, and the importance of socialising children into society's values...
October 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718248/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-impact-of-cogmed-working-memory-training-on-both-academic-performance-and-regulation-of-social-emotional-and-behavioural-challenges
#8
Caitlin Hitchcock, Martin S Westwell
BACKGROUND: We explored whether school-based Cogmed Working Memory Training (CWMT) may optimise both academic and psychological outcomes at school. Training of executive control skills may form a novel approach to enhancing processes that predict academic achievement, such as task-related attention, and thereby academic performance, but also has the potential to improve the regulation of emotion, social problems and behavioural difficulties. METHODS: Primary school children (Mean age = 12 years, N = 148) were cluster-randomised to complete active CWMT, a nonadaptive/placebo version of CWMT, or no training...
February 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663939/long-term-outcomes-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-conduct-disorder-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Holly E Erskine, Rosana E Norman, Alize J Ferrari, Gary C K Chan, William E Copeland, Harvey A Whiteford, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder (CD) are common externalizing disorders. Despite previous research demonstrating that both are longitudinally associated with adverse outcomes, there have been no systematic reviews examining all of the available evidence linking ADHD and CD with a range of health and psychosocial outcomes. METHOD: Electronic databases (EMBASE, Medline, and PsycINFO) were searched for studies published from 1980 up to March 2015...
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514391/enhancing-hiv-treatment-access-and-outcomes-amongst-hiv-infected-children-and-adolescents-in-resource-limited-settings
#10
Ameena Ebrahim Goga, Yagespari Singh, Michelle Singh, Nobuntu Noveve, Vuyolwethu Magasana, Trisha Ramraj, Fareed Abdullah, Ashraf H Coovadia, Sanjana Bhardwaj, Gayle G Sherman
Introduction Increasing access to HIV-related care and treatment for children aged 0-18 years in resource-limited settings is an urgent global priority. In 2011-2012 the percentage increase in children accessing antiretroviral therapy was approximately half that of adults (11 vs. 21 %). We propose a model for increasing access to, and retention in, paediatric HIV care and treatment in resource-limited settings. Methods Following a rapid appraisal of recent literature seven main challenges in paediatric HIV-related care and treatment were identified: (1) lack of regular, integrated, ongoing HIV-related diagnosis; (2) weak facility-based systems for tracking and retention in care; (3) interrupted availability of dried blood spot cards (expiration/stock outs); (4) poor quality control of rapid HIV testing; (5) supply-related gaps at health facility-laboratory interface; (6) poor uptake of HIV testing, possibly relating to a fatalistic belief about HIV infection; (7) community-associated reasons e...
January 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507822/population-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-praziquantel-in-ugandan-children-with-intestinal-schistosomiasis-higher-dosages-are-required-for-maximal-efficacy
#11
Amaya L Bustinduy, David Waterhouse, Jose C de Sousa-Figueiredo, Stephen A Roberts, Aaron Atuhaire, Govert J Van Dam, Paul L A M Corstjens, Janet T Scott, Michelle C Stanton, Narcis B Kabatereine, Stephen Ward, William W Hope, J Russell Stothard
UNLABELLED: Each year, millions of African children receive praziquantel (PZQ) by mass drug administration (MDA) to treat schistosomiasis at a standard single dose of 40 mg/kg of body weight, a direct extrapolation from studies of adults. A higher dose of 60 mg/kg is also acceptable for refractory cases. We conducted the first PZQ pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) study in young children comparing dosing. Sixty Ugandan children aged 3 to 8 years old with egg patent Schistosoma mansoni received PZQ at either 40 mg/kg or 60 mg/kg...
2016: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364851/technological-aids-for-the-rehabilitation-of-memory-and-executive-functioning-in-children-and-adolescents-with-acquired-brain-injury
#12
REVIEW
Mark Linden, Carol Hawley, Bronagh Blackwood, Jonathan Evans, Vicki Anderson, Conall O'Rourke
BACKGROUND: The use of technology in healthcare settings is on the increase and may represent a cost-effective means of delivering rehabilitation. Reductions in treatment time, and delivery in the home, are also thought to be benefits of this approach. Children and adolescents with brain injury often experience deficits in memory and executive functioning that can negatively affect their school work, social lives, and future occupations. Effective interventions that can be delivered at home, without the need for high-cost clinical involvement, could provide a means to address a current lack of provision...
July 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310404/the-dichotic-digits-difference-test-dddt-development-normative-data-and-test-retest-reliability-studies-part-1
#13
Sharon Cameron, Helen Glyde, Harvey Dillon, Jessica Whitfield, John Seymour
BACKGROUND: The dichotic digits test is one of the most widely used assessment tools for central auditory processing disorder. However, questions remain concerning the impact of cognitive factors on test results. PURPOSE: To develop the Dichotic Digits difference Test (DDdT), an assessment tool that could differentiate children with cognitive deficits from children with genuine dichotic deficits based on differential test results. The DDdT consists of four subtests: dichotic free recall (FR), dichotic directed left ear (DLE), dichotic directed right ear (DRE), and diotic...
June 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294799/slow-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-symptoms-are-associated-with-poorer-academic-performance-in-children-with-adhd
#14
Leanne Tamm, Annie A Garner, Richard E A Loren, Jeffery N Epstein, Aaron J Vaughn, Heather A Ciesielski, Stephen P Becker
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms may confer risk for academic impairment in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We investigated SCT in relation to academic performance and impairment in 252 children (ages 6-12, 67% boys) with ADHD. Parents and teachers completed SCT and academic impairment ratings, and achievement in reading, math, and spelling was assessed. Simultaneous regressions controlling for IQ, ADHD, and comorbidities were conducted. Total SCT predicted parent-rated impairments in writing, mathematics, and overall school but not reading...
August 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282769/influence-of-school-related-factors-on-smoking-among-chilean-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-multilevel-study
#15
Jorge Gaete, Catalina Ortúzar, Pedro Zitko, Alan Montgomery, Ricardo Araya
BACKGROUND: Adolescent tobacco smoking is a major health concern in Chile. Schools may be able to influence adolescent behaviour regarding smoking; however, this topic has received limited research attention in Latin-American countries. Moreover, the prevalence of cigarette smoking varies between schools, and some of this variability may be explained by school factors. This article examines the inter-school variability in student smoking in a large sample of Chilean schools and identifies the school- and student-level characteristics associated with cigarette smoking...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239706/a-psychosocial-resilience-curriculum-provides-the-missing-piece-to-boost-adolescent-physical-health-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-girls-first-in-india
#16
Katherine Sachs Leventhal, Lisa M DeMaria, Jane E Gillham, Gracy Andrew, John Peabody, Steve M Leventhal
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Despite a recent proliferation of interventions to improve health, education, and livelihoods for girls in low and middle income countries, psychosocial wellbeing has been neglected. This oversight is particularly problematic as attending to psychosocial development may be important not only for psychosocial but also physical wellbeing. This study examines the physical health effects of Girls First, a combined psychosocial (Girls First Resilience Curriculum [RC]) and adolescent physical health (Girls First Health Curriculum [HC]) intervention (RC + HC) versus its individual components (i...
July 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188814/does-n-3-lcpufa-supplementation-during-pregnancy-increase-the-iq-of-children-at-school-age-follow-up-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Jacqueline F Gould, Karli Treyvaud, Lisa N Yelland, Peter J Anderson, Lisa G Smithers, Robert A Gibson, Andrew J McPhee, Maria Makrides
INTRODUCTION: Despite recommendations that pregnant women increase their docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake to support fetal brain development, a recent systematic review found a lack of high-quality data to support the long-term effects of DHA supplementation on children's neurodevelopment. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will assess child neurodevelopment at 7 years of age in follow-up of a multicentre double-blind randomised controlled trial of DHA supplementation in pregnancy...
May 17, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182986/physical-activity-fitness-cognitive-function-and-academic-achievement-in-children-a-systematic-review
#18
Joseph E Donnelly, Charles H Hillman, Darla Castelli, Jennifer L Etnier, Sarah Lee, Phillip Tomporowski, Kate Lambourne, Amanda N Szabo-Reed
BACKGROUND: The relationship among physical activity (PA), fitness, cognitive function, and academic achievement in children is receiving considerable attention. The utility of PA to improve cognition and academic achievement is promising but uncertain; thus, this position stand will provide clarity from the available science. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to answer the following questions: 1) among children age 5-13 yr, do PA and physical fitness influence cognition, learning, brain structure, and brain function? 2) Among children age 5-13 yr, do PA, physical education (PE), and sports programs influence standardized achievement test performance and concentration/attention? STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: This study used primary source articles published in English in peer-reviewed journals...
June 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27114408/association-between-problematic-internet-use-socio-demographic-variables-and-obesity-among-european-adolescents
#19
Artemis K Tsitsika, Elisabeth K Andrie, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Chara K Tzavara, Theodoros N Sergentanis, Ioannis Ntanasis-Stathopoulos, Flora Bacopoulou, Clive Richardson, George P Chrousos, Maria Tsolia
BACKGROUND: Overweight of children and adolescents continues to be an important and alarming global public health problem. As the adolescent's time spent online has increased, problematic internet use (PIU) potentially leads to negative health consequences. This study aimed to examine the relation between PIU and overweight/obesity among adolescents in seven European countries and assess the effect of demographic and lifestyle factors recorded in the European Network for Adolescent Addictive Behaviour (EU NET ADB) survey (www...
August 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006473/neurocognitive-and-academic-outcomes-at-age-10-years-of-extremely-preterm-newborns
#20
Robert M Joseph, Thomas M O'Shea, Elizabeth N Allred, Tim Heeren, Deborah Hirtz, Hernan Jara, Alan Leviton, Karl C K Kuban
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite reductions in mortality and morbidity among children born extremely preterm, they remain at high risk of neurocognitive deficits, with up to 40% having significant cognitive deficits at school age. We assessed the rate of neurocognitive impairment in a contemporary US cohort of 873 children aged 10 years who were born <28 weeks' gestation. METHODS: The families of 889 of 966 (92%) children enrolled from 2002 to 2004 at 14 sites in 5 states returned at age 10 years for a comprehensive assessment of IQ, language, attention, executive function, processing speed, visual perception, visual-motor function, and academic achievement...
April 2016: Pediatrics
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