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Attentional control AND school achievement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923439/repeated-versus-wide-reading-a-randomized-control-design-study-examining-the-impact-of-fluency-interventions-on-underlying-reading-behavior
#1
Scott P Ardoin, Katherine S Binder, Tori E Foster, Andrea M Zawoyski
Repeated readings (RR) has garnered much attention as an evidence based intervention designed to improve all components of reading fluency (rate, accuracy, prosody, and comprehension). Despite this attention, there is not an abundance of research comparing its effectiveness to other potential interventions. The current study presents the findings from a randomized control trial study involving the assignment of 168second grade students to a RR, wide reading (WR), or business as usual condition. Intervention students were provided with 9-10weeks of intervention with sessions occurring four times per week...
December 2016: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727430/withdrawn-day-care-for-pre-school-children
#2
REVIEW
Bozhena Zoritch, Ian Roberts, Ann Oakley
BACKGROUND: The debate about how, where and by whom young children should be looked after is one which has occupied much social policy and media attention in recent years. Mothers undertake most of the care of young children. Internationally, out-of-home day-care provision ranges widely. These different levels of provision are not simply a response to different levels of demand for day-care, but reflect cultural and economic interests concerning the welfare of children, the need to promote mothers' participation in paid work, and the importance of socialising children into society's values...
October 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718248/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-impact-of-cogmed-working-memory-training-on-both-academic-performance-and-regulation-of-social-emotional-and-behavioural-challenges
#3
Caitlin Hitchcock, Martin S Westwell
BACKGROUND: We explored whether school-based Cogmed Working Memory Training (CWMT) may optimise both academic and psychological outcomes at school. Training of executive control skills may form a novel approach to enhancing processes that predict academic achievement, such as task-related attention, and thereby academic performance, but also has the potential to improve the regulation of emotion, social problems and behavioural difficulties. METHODS: Primary school children (Mean age = 12 years, N = 148) were cluster-randomised to complete active CWMT, a nonadaptive/placebo version of CWMT, or no training...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663939/long-term-outcomes-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-conduct-disorder-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Holly E Erskine, Rosana E Norman, Alize J Ferrari, Gary C K Chan, William E Copeland, Harvey A Whiteford, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder (CD) are common externalizing disorders. Despite previous research demonstrating that both are longitudinally associated with adverse outcomes, there have been no systematic reviews examining all of the available evidence linking ADHD and CD with a range of health and psychosocial outcomes. METHOD: Electronic databases (EMBASE, Medline, and PsycINFO) were searched for studies published from 1980 up to March 2015...
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514391/enhancing-hiv-treatment-access-and-outcomes-amongst-hiv-infected-children-and-adolescents-in-resource-limited-settings
#5
Ameena Ebrahim Goga, Yagespari Singh, Michelle Singh, Nobuntu Noveve, Vuyolwethu Magasana, Trisha Ramraj, Fareed Abdullah, Ashraf H Coovadia, Sanjana Bhardwaj, Gayle G Sherman
Introduction Increasing access to HIV-related care and treatment for children aged 0-18 years in resource-limited settings is an urgent global priority. In 2011-2012 the percentage increase in children accessing antiretroviral therapy was approximately half that of adults (11 vs. 21 %). We propose a model for increasing access to, and retention in, paediatric HIV care and treatment in resource-limited settings. Methods Following a rapid appraisal of recent literature seven main challenges in paediatric HIV-related care and treatment were identified: (1) lack of regular, integrated, ongoing HIV-related diagnosis; (2) weak facility-based systems for tracking and retention in care; (3) interrupted availability of dried blood spot cards (expiration/stock outs); (4) poor quality control of rapid HIV testing; (5) supply-related gaps at health facility-laboratory interface; (6) poor uptake of HIV testing, possibly relating to a fatalistic belief about HIV infection; (7) community-associated reasons e...
August 11, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507822/population-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-praziquantel-in-ugandan-children-with-intestinal-schistosomiasis-higher-dosages-are-required-for-maximal-efficacy
#6
Amaya L Bustinduy, David Waterhouse, Jose C de Sousa-Figueiredo, Stephen A Roberts, Aaron Atuhaire, Govert J Van Dam, Paul L A M Corstjens, Janet T Scott, Michelle C Stanton, Narcis B Kabatereine, Stephen Ward, William W Hope, J Russell Stothard
UNLABELLED: Each year, millions of African children receive praziquantel (PZQ) by mass drug administration (MDA) to treat schistosomiasis at a standard single dose of 40 mg/kg of body weight, a direct extrapolation from studies of adults. A higher dose of 60 mg/kg is also acceptable for refractory cases. We conducted the first PZQ pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) study in young children comparing dosing. Sixty Ugandan children aged 3 to 8 years old with egg patent Schistosoma mansoni received PZQ at either 40 mg/kg or 60 mg/kg...
2016: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364851/technological-aids-for-the-rehabilitation-of-memory-and-executive-functioning-in-children-and-adolescents-with-acquired-brain-injury
#7
REVIEW
Mark Linden, Carol Hawley, Bronagh Blackwood, Jonathan Evans, Vicki Anderson, Conall O'Rourke
BACKGROUND: The use of technology in healthcare settings is on the increase and may represent a cost-effective means of delivering rehabilitation. Reductions in treatment time, and delivery in the home, are also thought to be benefits of this approach. Children and adolescents with brain injury often experience deficits in memory and executive functioning that can negatively affect their school work, social lives, and future occupations. Effective interventions that can be delivered at home, without the need for high-cost clinical involvement, could provide a means to address a current lack of provision...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310404/the-dichotic-digits-difference-test-dddt-development-normative-data-and-test-retest-reliability-studies-part-1
#8
Sharon Cameron, Helen Glyde, Harvey Dillon, Jessica Whitfield, John Seymour
BACKGROUND: The dichotic digits test is one of the most widely used assessment tools for central auditory processing disorder. However, questions remain concerning the impact of cognitive factors on test results. PURPOSE: To develop the Dichotic Digits difference Test (DDdT), an assessment tool that could differentiate children with cognitive deficits from children with genuine dichotic deficits based on differential test results. The DDdT consists of four subtests: dichotic free recall (FR), dichotic directed left ear (DLE), dichotic directed right ear (DRE), and diotic...
June 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294799/slow-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-symptoms-are-associated-with-poorer-academic-performance-in-children-with-adhd
#9
Leanne Tamm, Annie A Garner, Richard E A Loren, Jeffery N Epstein, Aaron J Vaughn, Heather A Ciesielski, Stephen P Becker
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms may confer risk for academic impairment in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We investigated SCT in relation to academic performance and impairment in 252 children (ages 6-12, 67% boys) with ADHD. Parents and teachers completed SCT and academic impairment ratings, and achievement in reading, math, and spelling was assessed. Simultaneous regressions controlling for IQ, ADHD, and comorbidities were conducted. Total SCT predicted parent-rated impairments in writing, mathematics, and overall school but not reading...
August 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282769/influence-of-school-related-factors-on-smoking-among-chilean-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-multilevel-study
#10
Jorge Gaete, Catalina Ortúzar, Pedro Zitko, Alan Montgomery, Ricardo Araya
BACKGROUND: Adolescent tobacco smoking is a major health concern in Chile. Schools may be able to influence adolescent behaviour regarding smoking; however, this topic has received limited research attention in Latin-American countries. Moreover, the prevalence of cigarette smoking varies between schools, and some of this variability may be explained by school factors. This article examines the inter-school variability in student smoking in a large sample of Chilean schools and identifies the school- and student-level characteristics associated with cigarette smoking...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239706/a-psychosocial-resilience-curriculum-provides-the-missing-piece-to-boost-adolescent-physical-health-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-girls-first-in-india
#11
Katherine Sachs Leventhal, Lisa M DeMaria, Jane E Gillham, Gracy Andrew, John Peabody, Steve M Leventhal
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Despite a recent proliferation of interventions to improve health, education, and livelihoods for girls in low and middle income countries, psychosocial wellbeing has been neglected. This oversight is particularly problematic as attending to psychosocial development may be important not only for psychosocial but also physical wellbeing. This study examines the physical health effects of Girls First, a combined psychosocial (Girls First Resilience Curriculum [RC]) and adolescent physical health (Girls First Health Curriculum [HC]) intervention (RC + HC) versus its individual components (i...
July 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188814/does-n-3-lcpufa-supplementation-during-pregnancy-increase-the-iq-of-children-at-school-age-follow-up-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Jacqueline F Gould, Karli Treyvaud, Lisa N Yelland, Peter J Anderson, Lisa G Smithers, Robert A Gibson, Andrew J McPhee, Maria Makrides
INTRODUCTION: Despite recommendations that pregnant women increase their docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake to support fetal brain development, a recent systematic review found a lack of high-quality data to support the long-term effects of DHA supplementation on children's neurodevelopment. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will assess child neurodevelopment at 7 years of age in follow-up of a multicentre double-blind randomised controlled trial of DHA supplementation in pregnancy...
May 17, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182986/physical-activity-fitness-cognitive-function-and-academic-achievement-in-children-a-systematic-review
#13
Joseph E Donnelly, Charles H Hillman, Darla Castelli, Jennifer L Etnier, Sarah Lee, Phillip Tomporowski, Kate Lambourne, Amanda N Szabo-Reed
BACKGROUND: The relationship among physical activity (PA), fitness, cognitive function, and academic achievement in children is receiving considerable attention. The utility of PA to improve cognition and academic achievement is promising but uncertain; thus, this position stand will provide clarity from the available science. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to answer the following questions: 1) among children age 5-13 yr, do PA and physical fitness influence cognition, learning, brain structure, and brain function? 2) Among children age 5-13 yr, do PA, physical education (PE), and sports programs influence standardized achievement test performance and concentration/attention? STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: This study used primary source articles published in English in peer-reviewed journals...
June 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27114408/association-between-problematic-internet-use-socio-demographic-variables-and-obesity-among-european-adolescents
#14
Artemis K Tsitsika, Elisabeth K Andrie, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Chara K Tzavara, Theodoros N Sergentanis, Ioannis Ntanasis-Stathopoulos, Flora Bacopoulou, Clive Richardson, George P Chrousos, Maria Tsolia
BACKGROUND: Overweight of children and adolescents continues to be an important and alarming global public health problem. As the adolescent's time spent online has increased, problematic internet use (PIU) potentially leads to negative health consequences. This study aimed to examine the relation between PIU and overweight/obesity among adolescents in seven European countries and assess the effect of demographic and lifestyle factors recorded in the European Network for Adolescent Addictive Behaviour (EU NET ADB) survey (www...
August 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006473/neurocognitive-and-academic-outcomes-at-age-10-years-of-extremely-preterm-newborns
#15
Robert M Joseph, Thomas M O'Shea, Elizabeth N Allred, Tim Heeren, Deborah Hirtz, Hernan Jara, Alan Leviton, Karl C K Kuban
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite reductions in mortality and morbidity among children born extremely preterm, they remain at high risk of neurocognitive deficits, with up to 40% having significant cognitive deficits at school age. We assessed the rate of neurocognitive impairment in a contemporary US cohort of 873 children aged 10 years who were born <28 weeks' gestation. METHODS: The families of 889 of 966 (92%) children enrolled from 2002 to 2004 at 14 sites in 5 states returned at age 10 years for a comprehensive assessment of IQ, language, attention, executive function, processing speed, visual perception, visual-motor function, and academic achievement...
April 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26942226/convergence-insufficiency-treatment-trial-attention-and-reading-trial-citt-art-design-and-methods
#16
Mitchell Scheiman, G Lynn Mitchell, Susan A Cotter, Marjean Kulp, Christopher Chase, Eric Borsting, Eugene Arnold, Carolyn Denton, Richard Hertle
OBJECTIVE: To describe the design and methodology of the Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial: Attention and Reading Trial (CITT-ART), the first randomized clinical trial evaluating the effect of vision therapy on reading and attention in school-age children with symptomatic convergence insufficiency (CI). METHODS: CITT-ART is a multicenter, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial of 324 children ages 9 to 14 years in grades 3 to 8 with symptomatic CI...
October 2015: Vision Development and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26869951/mathematics-anxiety-working-memory-and-mathematics-performance-in-secondary-school-children
#17
Maria C Passolunghi, Sara Caviola, Ruggero De Agostini, Chiara Perin, Irene C Mammarella
Mathematics anxiety (MA) has been defined as "a feeling of tension and anxiety that interferes with the manipulation of numbers and the solving of math problems in a wide variety of ordinary life and academic situations." Previous studies have suggested that a notable proportion of children in primary and secondary school suffer from MA, which is negatively correlated with calculation skills. The processing efficiency and attentional control theories suggest that working memory (WM) also plays an important part in such anxious feelings...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26654215/effect-of-novel-patient-interaction-on-students-performance-of-pregnancy-options-counseling
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Angela Shaddeau, Abigail Nimz, Jeanelle Sheeder, Kristina Tocce
BACKGROUND: Although options counseling is a fundamental skill for medical providers, previous research has identified gaps in medical school reproductive health education. PURPOSE: To determine if a 1-h novel patient interaction (NPI) improves student performance when caring for a standardized patient with an unintended pregnancy. METHODS: From September 2012 to June 2013 we randomized third-year medical students at the University of Colorado School of Medicine to the standard curriculum plus an NPI, or the standard curriculum only...
2015: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26616637/maternal-perinatal-mental-health-and-offspring-academic-achievement-at-age-16-the-mediating-role-of-childhood-executive-function
#19
Rebecca M Pearson, Marc H Bornstein, Miguel Cordero, Gaia Scerif, Liam Mahedy, Jonathan Evans, Abu Abioye, Alan Stein
BACKGROUND: Elucidating risk pathways for under-achieving at school can inform strategies to reduce the number of adolescents leaving school without passing grades in core subjects. Maternal depression can compromise the quality of parental care and is associated with multiple negative child outcomes. However, only a few small studies have investigated the association between perinatal maternal depression and poor academic achievement in adolescence. The pathways to explain the risks are also unclear...
April 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26595715/don-t-aim-too-high-for-your-kids-parental-overaspiration-undermines-students-learning-in-mathematics
#20
Kou Murayama, Reinhard Pekrun, Masayuki Suzuki, Herbert W Marsh, Stephanie Lichtenfeld
Previous research has suggested that parents' aspirations for their children's academic attainment can have a positive influence on children's actual academic performance. Possible negative effects of parental overaspiration, however, have found little attention in the psychological literature. Employing a dual-change score model with longitudinal data from a representative sample of German school children and their parents (N = 3,530; Grades 5 to 10), we showed that parental aspiration and children's mathematical achievement were linked by positive reciprocal relations over time...
November 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
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