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Attention AND exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344401/protocol-for-moving-on-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-increase-outcome-expectations-and-exercise-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#1
Rachel Hirschey, Gretchen Kimmick, Marilyn Hockenberry, Ryan Shaw, Wei Pan, Isaac Lipkus
Aim: The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and fidelity of an intervention, Moving On, aimed to increase outcome expectations OEs (i.e. what one expects to obtain or avoid as a result of a behaviour) and exercise among breast cancer survivors. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Methods: Intervention arm participants will be given a theory-guided booklet that was co-created by the research team and three physically active breast cancer survivors who exercise to manage late and long-term treatment effects...
January 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329350/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-postoperative-lingual-neuropraxia-following-airway-instrumentation-a-retrospective-matched-case-control-study
#2
Yi-Kai Su, Jen-Hung Wang, Shiu-Ying Hsieh, Xiu-Zhu Liu, Chen-Fuh Lam, Shian-Che Huang
BACKGROUND: Lingual nerve injury or neuropraxia is a rare but potentially serious perioperative complication following airway instrumentation during general anesthesia. This study explored the the incidence and perioperative risk factors for lingual nerve injury in patients receiving laryngeal mask (LMA) or endotracheal (ETGA) general anesthesia in a single center experience. METHODS AND RESULTS: All surgical patients in our hospital who received LMA or ETGA from 2009 to 2013 were included, and potential perioperative risk factors were compared...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327642/effects-of-arm-cycling-exercise-in-spinal-muscular-atrophy-type-ii-patients-a-pilot-study
#3
Gamze Bora, Şulenur Subaşı-Yıldız, Ayşe Yeşbek-Kaymaz, Numan Bulut, İpek Alemdaroğlu, Öznur Tunca-Yılmaz, Haluk Topaloğlu, Aynur Ayşe Karaduman, Hayat Erdem-Yurter
Exercise studies in neuromuscular diseases like spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a devastating disease caused by survival of motor neuron 1 ( SMN1) gene mutations, are drawing attention due to its beneficial effects. In this study, we presented a constructed arm cycling exercise protocol and evaluated the benefits on SMA patients. Five SMA type II patients performed 12 weeks of supervised arm cycling exercise. The physical functions were evaluated together with the SMN2 copy numbers, SMN protein levels, insulin-like growth factor 1(IGF1) and binding protein 3 (IGFBP3) levels...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324693/inhibiting-the-physiological-stress-effects-of-a-sustained-attention-task-on-shoulder-muscle-activity
#4
Fiona Wixted, Cliona O'Riordan, Leonard O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate if a breathing technique could counteract the effects of hyperventilation due to a sustained attention task on shoulder muscle activity. BACKGROUND: The trend towards higher levels of automation in industry is increasing. Consequently, manufacturing operators often monitor automated process for long periods of their work shift. Prolonged monitoring work requires sustained attention, which is a cognitive process that humans are typically poor at and find stressful...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316450/a-randomized-trial-of-an-optimism-training-intervention-in-patients-with-heart-disease
#5
Narges Mohammadi, Alireza Aghayousefi, Gholam Reza Nikrahan, Caitlin N Adams, Ahmad Alipour, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Hamidreza Roohafza, Christopher M Celano, Jeff C Huffman
OBJECTIVE: Optimism is prospectively and independently associated with superior cardiac outcomes, but there has been minimal study of optimism-specific interventions in persons with cardiovascular illness. We aimed to examine the feasibility and impact of an optimism-promoting program among patients with heart disease in a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Participants (N=61) were outpatients, age 35-60, with coronary artery disease who were randomized to an 8-week in-person group-based optimism training intervention or an attention-matched educational control condition...
December 19, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313359/effects-of-different-aerobic-exercise-programmes-with-nutritional-intervention-in-sedentary-adults-with-overweight-obesity-and-hypertension-exerdiet-hta-study
#6
Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, Pablo Corres, Aitor MartinezAguirre-Betolaza, Javier Pérez-Asenjo, G Rodrigo Aispuru, Simon M Fryer, Sara Maldonado-Martín
Background Both exercise training and diet are recommended to prevent and control hypertension and overweight/obesity. Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of different 16-week aerobic exercise programmes with hypocaloric diet on blood pressure, body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness and pharmacological treatment. Methods Overweight/obese, sedentary participants ( n = 175, aged 54.0 ± 8.2 years) with hypertension were randomly assigned into an attention control group (physical activity recommendations) or one of three supervised exercise groups (2 days/week: high-volume with 45 minutes of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), high-volume and high-intensity interval training (HIIT), alternating high and moderate intensities, and low-volume HIIT (20 minutes))...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313153/first-symptoms-in-multiple-system-atrophy
#7
Jake H McKay, William P Cheshire
PURPOSE: The initial symptoms of multiple system atrophy (MSA) and, in particular, early autonomic symptoms, have received less attention than motor symptoms. Whereas pathognomonic motor signs are essential to diagnostic specificity, early symptoms important to recognition of a neurodegenerative disorder may be less apparent or diagnostically ambiguous. This observational study sought to identify the very earliest symptoms in the natural history of MSA. METHODS: Detailed clinical histories focusing on early symptoms were obtained from 30 subjects recently diagnosed with MSA...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311053/reversing-the-cardiac-effects-of-sedentary-aging-in-middle-age-a-randomized-controlled-trial-implications-for-heart-failure-prevention
#8
Erin J Howden, Satyam Sarma, Justin S Lawley, Mildred Opondo, William Cornwell, Douglas Stoller, Marcus A Urey, Beverley Adams-Huet, Benjamin D Levine
Background - Poor fitness in middle age is a risk factor for heart failure, particularly heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction. The development of heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction is likely mediated through increased left ventricular (LV) stiffness, a consequence of sedentary aging. In a prospective, parallel group, randomized controlled trial, we examined the effect of 2 years of supervised highintensity exercise training on LV stiffness. Methods - Sixty-one (48% male) healthy, sedentary, middle-aged participants (53±5 years) were randomly assigned to either 2 years of exercise training (n=34) or attention control (control; n=27)...
January 8, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308850/relationship-between-attention-shifting-and-tennis-performance-during-singles-matches
#9
Toru Ishihara, Taizou Kobayashi, Yuta Kuroda, Masao Mizuno
BACKGROUND: Cognitive ability, such as attention shifting, during tennis matches may be associated with players' performance through physical ability, technique, and exercise intensity. However, examinations of the relationship between attention shifting and performance in sport are limited to laboratory settings. The present study examined the relationships between exercise intensity, attention shifting, and tennis performance in singles tennis matches involving university tennis players using a field-based approach...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303026/risk-factors-for-impaired-pulmonary-function-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-very-long-term-adult-survivors-of-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-after-treatment-with-chemotherapy-only
#10
Ole Henrik Myrdal, Adriani Kanellopoulos, Jon R Christensen, Ellen Ruud, Elisabeth Edvardsen, Johny Kongerud, Liv Ingunn Sikkeland, May B Lund
BACKGROUND: Survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are at risk of late treatment-related side-effects. Data regarding prevalence and risk factors for impairments in pulmonary function and cardiorespiratory fitness are limited, and reported findings are inconsistent and inconclusive. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 116 ALL survivors (median 5 years at diagnosis, 29 years at follow-up, 53% females) were examined, median 23 years after treatment with chemotherapy only...
January 5, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302521/prevalence-of-self-care-practices-and-assessment-of-their-sociodemographic-risk-factors-among-diabetes-in-the-urban-slums-of-bengaluru
#11
Hemavathi Dasappa, Shankar Prasad, M Sirisha, S V N Ratna Prasanna, Shruthi Naik
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of self-care practices in the urban slums of Bengaluru among diabetes and also to assess their sociodemographic risk factors. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done in the two slums of Bengaluru comprising 163 diabetes patients. The prevalence of self-care practices and their sociodemographic risk was analyzed. Results: Maximum adherence was seen for blood sugar testing (77...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300141/exercise-induced-physiological-arousal-biases-attention-toward-threatening-scene-details
#12
Tad T Brunyé, Caroline R Mahoney
The present experiment examined whether physiological arousal induced by acute bouts of aerobic exercise would influence attention and memory for scenes depicting or not depicting weapons. In a repeated-measures design, participants exercised at either low or high exertion levels. During exercise, they were presented with images, some of which depicted weapons; immediately following exercise, they completed a recognition test for portions of central and peripheral scene regions. Two primary results emerged...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284994/the-role-of-dual-tasking-in-the-assessment-of-gait-cognition-and-community-reintegration-of-veterans-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Azadeh Leland, Kamran Tavakol, Joel Scholten, Debra Mathis, David Maron, Simin Bakhshi
Background: This study focussed on the effect of dual versus single tasking on balance, gait and cognition in veterans with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). We examined the correlation between these parameters, with responses to questions on community reintegration activities. Method: 22 male and female veterans (aged 19-65) walked along a narrow and 6.1-meter long path, both at their self-selected and fastest but safe pace under single and dual tasking conditions...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284180/study-of-top-ballet-school-students-revealed-large-deficiencies-in-their-body-weight-and-body-fat
#14
Elżbieta Grochowska-Niedworok, Marek Kardas, Edyta Fatyga, Karolina Piórkowska-Staniek, Małgorzata Muc-Wierzgoń, Teresa Kokot
AIM: This study assessed the nutritional status and physical activity levels of 150 female students aged 10-18 from three top Polish ballet schools, where the most promising dancers go on to pursue professional ballet careers. METHODS: We analysed the girls' body composition, physical activity level (PAL) and PAL coefficient. The ballet students also completed a questionnaire. RESULTS: The results revealed large deficiencies in the body weight and body fat of the young ballerinas...
December 28, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280019/impact-of-short-term-cycle-ergometer-training-on-quality-of-life-cognition-and-depressive-symptomatology-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-pilot-study
#15
Alison Barry, Owen Cronin, Aisling M Ryan, Brian Sweeney, Orna O'Toole, Andrew P Allen, Gerard Clarke, Ken D O'Halloran, Eric J Downer
In this pilot study, we investigate whether a routine cycle ergometry training programme has therapeutic potential in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) by improving quality of life (QOL) and depressive symptomatology, while ameliorating cognitive disturbances. Healthy volunteers and MS patients cycled for 30 min at 65-75% age-predicted maximal heart rate on a recumbent ergometer, with this session repeated twice a week for 8 weeks. QOL, depressive symptomatology and cognitive function were assessed pre- and post-exercise using the MS Quality of Life-54 (MSQOL-54) questionnaire, 16-item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS-SR16) questionnaire and the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB), respectively...
December 26, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276986/imagined-futures-in-living-with-multiple-conditions-positivity-relationality-and-hopelessness
#16
Lindsay-Ann Coyle, Sarah Atkinson
Hope serves as an overarching concept for a range of engagements that demonstrate the benefits of a positive outlook for coping with chronic conditions of ill-health and disability. A dominant engagement through medicine has positioned hope as a desirable attribute and its opposite, hopelessness, as pathological. In this engagement hope is individual, internally located and largely cognitive and able to be learned. Attaining hope reflects a process of coming to terms with the losses associated with long-term conditions and of imagining new meanings and purposes for the future ahead...
December 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275064/role-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-in-alleviating-cognitive-impairment-in-people-with-epilepsy
#17
Jane B Allendorfer, Ricardo M Arida
Many persons with epilepsy (PWE) experience problems with a wide range of cognitive functions, including learning, memory, attention, and executive control. These deficits in cognition result in diminished quality of life for PWE and are related to many factors, including the etiology of their epilepsy, recurrent seizures, side effects of antiseizure medications, or a combination of these factors. Various treatments to ameliorate cognitive deficits experienced by PWE have been implemented, although noninvasive and nonpharmacologic strategies may be more appealing options due to their relatively low cost, reduced risk of side effects, and/or reduced potential interactions with antiseizure medications...
December 20, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261339/effects-of-a-mindfulness-task-on-women-s-sexual-response
#18
Julia Velten, Jürgen Margraf, Meredith L Chivers, Lori A Brotto
Mindfulness-based interventions are effective at improving symptoms of sexual dysfunction in women. The mechanisms by which mindfulness improves sexual function are less clear. The main objective of our study was to investigate the impact of a mindfulness task on sexual response in women. Forty-one women (mean age = 27.2, SD = 5.6) participated in two laboratory sessions that each included two erotic films and one attention task that were presented in counterbalanced order. Both attention tasks consisted of a six-minute audio recording of either a modified body scan, focusing on genital arousal sensations (mindfulness condition), or a visualization exercise...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251685/a-new-condition-in-mcardle-disease-poor-bone-health-benefits-of-an-active-lifestyle
#19
Irene Rodríguez-Gómez, Alfredo Santalla, Jorge Díez-Bermejo, Diego Munguía-Izquierdo, Luis M Alegre, Gisela Nogales-Gadea, Joaquin Arenas, Miguel Ángel Martín, Alejandro Lucía, Ignacio Ara
INTRODUCTION-PURPOSE: McArdle disease (muscle glycogen phosphorylase deficiency) is a genetic condition associated with exercise intolerance, but how it affects lean mass (LM) and bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD) in patients is unknown. We compared these variables between McArdle patients and age-/sex-matched healthy controls and assessed their potential association with physical activity levels in patients. METHODS: A case-control, cross-sectional design was used to examine LM, BMC, and BMD by using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry in 136 young adults of both sexes (36 McArdle patients (33 ± 15 yr) and 103 controls (34 ± 11 yr))...
January 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249083/effects-of-strength-training-on-the-physiological-determinants-of-middle-and-long-distance-running-performance-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Richard C Blagrove, Glyn Howatson, Philip R Hayes
BACKGROUND: Middle- and long-distance running performance is constrained by several important aerobic and anaerobic parameters. The efficacy of strength training (ST) for distance runners has received considerable attention in the literature. However, to date, the results of these studies have not been fully synthesized in a review on the topic. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to provide a comprehensive critical commentary on the current literature that has examined the effects of ST modalities on the physiological determinants and performance of middle- and long-distance runners, and offer recommendations for best practice...
December 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
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