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Sonography muscle

Zeinab A Elkabbany, Nancy S Elbarbary, Eman A Ismail, Nesrine A Mohamed, Dina Ragab, Shereen Abdel Alem, Yasmine M Ezzat, Sarah S Maurice, Noha U Hashem
AIM: To identify the prevalence and effect of hepatopathies of different etiologies among pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) using transient elastography (TE) and its relation to glycemic control. METHODS: One hundred T1DM patients were studied focusing on liver functions, fasting lipid profile, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), hepatitis C virus (HCV), serum immunoglobulins, autoimmune antibodies; anti-nuclear antibody (ANA), anti-smooth muscle antibody (ASMA), and anti-liver kidney microsomal antibody (anti-LKM)...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Carlos Cruz-Montecinos, Carlos Guajardo-Rojas, Eloísa Montt, Felipe Contreras-Briceño, Rodrigo Torres-Castro, Orlando Díaz, Antonio Cuesta-Vargas
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between functionality as assessed by the 6-minute walking test (6MWT), maximal voluntary contraction of the quadriceps (MVCQ), and quadriceps thickness and echo intensity as measured by sonography, in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Maximal voluntary contraction of the quadriceps and the thickness and echo intensity of the rectus femoris and vastus intermedius were evaluated in 20 patients with COPD...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Jonathan T Finnoff, Jeremiah Ray, Gianmichael Corrado, Deanna Kerkhof, John Hill
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, ultrasound has been used to evaluate musculoskeletal injuries in athletes; however, ultrasound applications extend well beyond musculoskeletal conditions, many of which are pertinent to athletes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Articles were identified in PubMed using the search terms ultrasound, echocardiogram, preparticipation physical examination, glycogen, focused assessment with sonography of trauma, optic nerve, and vocal cord dysfunction...
September 2016: Sports Health
Nathalie J Bureau, Etienne Blain-Paré, Patrice Tétreault, Dominique M Rouleau, Nicola Hagemeister
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of sonographic visualization of the rotator cable in patients with symptomatic full-thickness rotator cuff tears and asymptomatic controls and to correlate rotator cable visualization with tear size, muscular fatty infiltration and atrophy, and the functional outcome in the patients with rotator cuff tears. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with rotator cuff tears and 30 asymptomatic volunteers underwent shoulder sonography for prospective assessment of the rotator cable and rotator cuff tear and responded to 2 functional outcome questionnaires (shortened Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand [QuickDASH] and Constant)...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
K Y Giri, Sarwar Alam, Ramakant Dandriyal, Subodh S Natu
Patient presented with swelling over right temporal region causing the dilemma over diagnosis. Sonography and CT scan confirmed the presence of cysticercus in right temporal region. Pharmacological management was instituted and the cyst resolved eventually. Ultrasonography and CT imaging play an important role in establishing the diagnosis of rare case of cysticercosis of temporalis muscle and can be treated successfully by pharmacological modality.
July 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Eleni Soilemezi, Entela Koco, Christos Tsimpos, Matthew Tsagourias, Savvoula Savvidou, Dimitris Matamis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigate the changes in diaphragmatic kinetics, breathing pattern and work of breathing induced by 10 cmH2 O of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). METHODS: We used sonography to study diaphragmatic kinetics and measured energy expenditure using indirect calorimetry in 50 healthy volunteers at 0 cmH2 O positive end expiratory pressure (ZEEP) and after application of 10 cmH2 O CPAP. In a subgroup of 14 subjects, the changes in thoracic and abdominal volumes and thoraco-abdominal asynchrony were recorded with inductive plethysmography, while accessory respiratory muscle activity was recorded with electromyography...
October 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Christian T Braun, Meret E Ricklin, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos
We present a rare case of severe ischaemic papillary muscle rupture in a 67-year-old male patient who was admitted to the Emergency Department of the University Hospital Bern, Switzerland, in November 2013 with acute chest pain. On admission, the patient's blood pressure was 60/40 mm/Hg, his pulse was 110 beats per minute and his respiratory rate was 20 breaths per minute. An electrocardiogram was normal and focused assessment with sonography in trauma was negative. Transthoracic echocardiography showed possible thickening of the mitral valve leaflet with no indications of severe mitral insufficiency or wall motion abnormalities...
May 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Mi-Young Lee, Hye-Sung Won, Jae-Yoon Shim, Pil-Ryang Lee, Ahm Kim, Byong Sop Lee, Ellen Ai-Rhan Kim, Hyun Jin Cho
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the type of an imperforate anus by using sonography in the prenatal period. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated the fetal anus in all pregnant women, including low- and high-risk populations, between February 2010 and November 2013. High-type imperforate anuses were diagnosed by prenatal sonography when the anal sphincter muscles and anal canal mucosa were not visible. Low-type imperforate anuses were prenatally suspected when at least 1 of the following was present: (1) a small anus; (2) no visible anal mucosa; or (3) close location of the genitalia by the anus without a visible perineal body, particularly in a female fetus...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Ying Chang, Wen Bin Wei, Ji Tong Shi, Jun Fang Xian, Wen Li Yang, Xiao Lin Xu, Hai Xia Bai, Bin Li, Jost B Jonas
PURPOSE: Adenomas of the ciliary pigment epithelium (CPE) are rare benign tumours which have mainly to be differentiated from malignant ciliary body melanomas. Here we report on a consecutive series of patients with CPE adenomas and describe their characteristics. METHODS: The retrospective hospital-based case series study included all patients who were consecutively operated for CPE adenomas. RESULTS: Of the 110 patients treated for ciliary body tumours, five patients (4...
April 29, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Giuseppe Sergi, Caterina Trevisan, Nicola Veronese, Paola Lucato, Enzo Manzato
Sarcopenia is currently considered a geriatric syndrome increasing in older people. The consequences of sarcopenia - in terms of impaired mobility, limited self-sufficiency and disability - have been amply demonstrated, increasing the need to develop methods to identify muscle mass loss as early as possible. Although sarcopenia involves a reduction in both muscle mass and function, loss of muscle mass remains the essential criterion for diagnosing this condition in daily practice. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging represent the gold standard for studying body composition, and can identify quantitative and qualitative changes in muscle mass...
August 2016: European Journal of Radiology
Salvatore Rocca Rossetti
Generally, descriptions of the pelvic floor are discordant, since its complex structures and the complexity of pathological disorders of such structures; commonly the descriptions are sectorial, concerning muscles, fascial developments, ligaments and so on. On the contrary to understand completely nature and function of the pelvic floor it is necessary to study it in the most unitary view and in the most global aspect, considering embriology, philogenesy, anthropologic development and its multiple activities others than urological, gynaecological and intestinal ones...
March 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Naoko Takamatsu, Hiroyuki Nodera, Atsuko Mori, Keiko Maruyama-Saladini, Yusuke Osaki, Yoshimitsu Shimatani, Masaya Oda, Yuishin Izumi, Ryuji Kaji
The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the relative frequencies of fasciculations assessed by sonography in a large number of muscles in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The patients diagnosed as having ALS were retrospectively assessed by muscle sonography. The frequencies of having fasciculations were compared among the 15 muscles and the subtypes according to the initially affected body region. Overall, approximately half of the muscles had fasciculations (48.8%), in the average of 11...
2016: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
Christian R Falyar, Katherine M Shaffer, Robert A Perera
PURPOSE: Interscalene brachial plexus blocks are performed for perioperative management of surgeries involving the shoulder. Historically, these procedures employed anatomic landmarks (AL) to determine the location of the brachial plexus as it passes between the anterior and middle scalene muscles in the neck. In this study, we compared the actual location of the brachial plexus as found with sonography (US) to the anticipated location using AL. METHODS: The location of the brachial plexus was evaluated using US and AL in 96 subjects...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Samer Narouze
BACKGROUND: Occipital neuralgia is a form of neuropathic type of pain in the distribution of the greater, lesser, or third occipital nerves. Patients with intractable occipital neuralgia do not respond well to conservative treatment modalities. This group of patients represents a significant therapeutic challenge and may require interventional or invasive therapeutic approaches. PURPOSE: Occipital neuralgia frequently occurs as a result of nerve entrapment or irritation by a tight muscle or vascular structure, or nerve trauma during whiplash injury...
April 2016: Headache
Dan V Valsky, Sarah M Cohen, Michal Lipschuetz, Drorith Hochner-Celnikier, Hagit Daum, Itai Yagel, Simcha Yagel
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated primiparous women with clinically diagnosed third- and fourth-degree and anal sphincter tears, to evaluate the rate of levator ani muscle injury compared to primiparous women without sphincter tears. METHODS: Primiparous women delivering in our maternity ward with intrapartum diagnoses of third- or fourth-degree anal sphincter tears, repaired by the overlapping technique, were recruited to undergo 3-dimensional transperineal sonography of the pelvic floor anatomy, including the anterior and posterior compartments...
April 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Andreas Nilsson, Qiuxia Zhang, Jorma Styf
BACKGROUND: Patients with compartment syndromes have elevated intramuscular pressure (IMP) due to increased volume in the affected muscle. However, the accuracy of IMP as a parameter in diagnosing chronic compartment syndrome has been questioned. It has been observed that arterial pulsations create oscillations in the IMP in patients with abnormally elevated IMP. The amplitude of the IMP oscillations appears to be related to a pathogenic mechanism of elevated IMP. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the relation between the amplitude of pulse-synchronous IMP oscillations and the absolute level of IMP with a high-end fiber-optic system in a human experimental model of abnormally elevated IMP (simulated compartment syndrome) of the leg...
December 2015: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Sanjay M Khaladkar, Sushen Kumar Kondapavuluri, Anubhav Kamal, Raghav Kalra, Vigyat Kamal
Muscle hernia is an uncommon cause of leg swelling. It can be detected in the early stages only if there is a high index of suspicion. It is common in lower extremity compared to the upper extremity. Tibialis anterior muscle in the leg is commonly involved. Dynamic sonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the mainstay in their diagnosis, which demonstrate a facial defect with herniation of muscle fibers. We report a case of 23-year-old male patient who presented with a painless swelling in the anterolateral aspect of the left upper leg...
2016: Case Reports in Radiology
Dorota Walasik-Szemplińska, Magdalena Pauk-Domańska, Urszula Sanocka, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska
Patients with symptoms of thyroid-associated orbitopathy are classified on the basis of the clinical activity score (CAS) proposed by Mourits in 1989. Despite its undoubted clinical usefulness, it has several limitations which can decide about the success or failure of the implemented treatment. Numerous reports mention the presence of hemodynamic changes in orbital and bulbar vessels in the course of an orbitopathy called Graves' disease. The usage of Doppler sonography in the diagnosis of numerous ophthalmologic vascular diseases suggests that changes in thyroid-associated orbitopathy can correlate with the activity and severity of the disease...
December 2015: Journal of Ultrasonography
D T Ginat, S O Vargas, V M Silvera, M S Volk, B A Degar, C D Robson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Juvenile xanthogranuloma is a non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis primarily affecting children. The purpose of this study was to characterize the imaging features of histologically confirmed pediatric head and neck juvenile xanthogranuloma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of medical records and imaging of histologically confirmed head and neck juvenile xanthogranuloma. RESULTS: Ten patients (6 girls, 4 boys) 1 month to 12 years of age were imaged with ultrasound only (n = 1), CT only (n = 2), CT and ultrasound (n = 1), MR imaging only (n = 3), or MR imaging and CT (n = 3)...
May 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Takahiro Hosokawa, Yoshitake Yamada, Yumiko Sato, Yutaka Tanami, Hizuru Amano, Michimasa Fujiogi, Hiroshi Kawashima, Eiji Oguma
A lateral cervical sinus, also known as a second pharyngeal or branchial cleft fistula/sinus, occurs when the second pharyngeal arch fails to grow caudally over the third and fourth arches, leaving remnants of the second branchial clefts in contact with the surface of the neck via a narrow canal. This type of sinus is detected on the lateral aspect of the neck directly anterior to the sternocleidomastoid muscle. We report two pediatric cases with lateral cervical sinus, and pathognomonic sonographic findings to confirm the diagnosis...
October 2015: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
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