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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321478/the-anterolateral-complex-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-deficient-knees-demonstrate-sonographic-abnormalities-on-high-resolution-sonography
#1
Masahito Yoshida, Elmar Herbst, Macio Albers, Volker Musahl, Freddie H Fu, Kentaro Onishi
PURPOSE: The presence of anterolateral ligament of the knee is still controversial, and some physicians prefer to call this structure anterolateral complex (ALC) to infer plural nature of structures involved. The purpose of this study was to describe the scanning techniques and to classify various sonographic appearances of the tibial-side ALC of the knee in subjects with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. It was hypothesized that sonographic abnormity of the ALC would be associated with ACL injury history...
March 20, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261109/the-need-for-standardized-assessment-of-muscle-quality-in-skeletal-muscle-function-deficit-and-other-aging-related-muscle-dysfunctions-a-symposium-report
#2
REVIEW
Rosaly Correa-de-Araujo, Michael O Harris-Love, Iva Miljkovic, Maren S Fragala, Brian W Anthony, Todd M Manini
A growing body of scientific literature suggests that not only changes in skeletal muscle mass, but also other factors underpinning muscle quality, play a role in the decline in skeletal muscle function and impaired mobility associated with aging. A symposium on muscle quality and the need for standardized assessment was held on April 28, 2016 at the International Conference on Frailty and Sarcopenia Research in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The purpose of this symposium was to provide a venue for basic science and clinical researchers and expert clinicians to discuss muscle quality in the context of skeletal muscle function deficit and other aging-related muscle dysfunctions...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258646/assessment-of-tumor-stiffness-with-shear-wave-elastography-in-a-human-prostate-cancer-xenograft-implantation-model
#3
Yiru Wang, Binwei Yao, Hongfei Li, Yan Zhang, Hanjing Gao, Yabin Gao, Ruiyun Peng, Jie Tang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the stiffness of human prostate cancer in a xenograft implantation model using shear wave elastography and compare the pathologic features of tumors with varying elasticity. METHODS: Human prostate cancer DU-145 cells were injected into 24 nude male mice. The mice were divided into 3 groups according to the time of transplantation (6, 8, and 10 weeks). The volume, elasticity, and Young modulus of tumors were recorded by 2-dimensional sonography and shear wave elastography...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228893/-tennis-leg-gastrocnemius-injury-is-a-far-more-common-cause-than-plantaris-rupture
#4
Joelle R Harwin, Michael L Richardson
We report a typical case of "tennis leg", in which the main finding was a fluid collection between the medial head of the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. Since the first clinical description of this entity in 1883, the injury has been attributed to rupture of the plantaris tendon. However, recent studies of this condition with sonography and magnetic resonance imaging have shown that most of these cases are actually due to injury to the gastrocnemius and/or soleus muscles, and up to 10% are due to deep venous thrombosis masquerading as muscle injury...
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222801/a-new-method-for-treating-fecal-incontinence-by-implanting-stem-cells-derived-from-human-adipose-tissue-preliminary-findings-of-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#5
Arash Sarveazad, Graham L Newstead, Rezvan Mirzaei, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei, Mehrdad Bakhtiari, Asrin Babahajian, Bahar Mahjoubi
BACKGROUND: Anal sphincter defects are a major cause of fecal incontinence causing negative effects on daily life, social interactions, and mental health. Because human adipose-derived stromal/stem cells (hADSCs) are easier and safer to access, secrete high levels of growth factor, and have the potential to differentiate into muscle cells, we investigated the ability of hADSCs to improve anal sphincter incontinence. METHODS: The present randomized double-blind clinical trial was performed on patients with sphincter defects...
February 21, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150321/reliability-and-precision-of-sonography-of-the-lumbar-multifidus-and-transversus-abdominis-during-dynamic-activities
#6
Karl C Gibbon, Dorothee Debuse, Angela Hibbs, Nick Caplan
OBJECTIVES: To determine the intrarater reliability and precision of lumbar multifidus and transversus abdominis thickness measurements using freehand sonography in a range of static and dynamic conditions. METHODS: Fifteen asymptomatic participants performed a range of exercises while sonography was used to measure absolute muscle thickness and changes in muscle thickness from rest. Exercise conditions included the abdominal drawing-in maneuver, active straight leg raise, contralateral arm lift, both unloaded and loaded, treadmill walking, and using the Functional Readaptive Exercise Device...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141904/catheter-based-high-frequency-intraluminal-ultrasound-imaging-is-a-powerful-tool-to-study-esophageal-dysmotility-patients
#7
Cecilio Santander, Elena Perea, María Caldas, Pere Clave
High-resolution manometry (HRM) is currently the most important diagnostic test for esophageal motility disorders, providing information on the contraction pattern of the circular muscle layer, which helps classify these esophageal motor diseases. However, with the increasing development of ultrasound, other techniques, such as high-frequency intraluminal ultrasound (HFIUS), have gained importance. This technique uses a flexible shaft with a central wire integrated into a standard endoscope, which facilitates real-time sonography...
January 31, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089257/the-natural-course-of-nonoperatively-treated-rotator-cuff-tears-an-8-8-year-follow-up-of-tear-anatomy-and-clinical-outcome-in-49-patients
#8
Stefan Moosmayer, Anne V Gärtner, Rana Tariq
BACKGROUND: The natural course of nonoperatively treated rotator cuff tears is not fully understood. We explored the long-term development of tear anatomy and assessed functional outcomes. METHODS: Eighty-nine small to medium-sized full-thickness tears of the rotator cuff, all primarily treated by physiotherapy, were identified retrospectively. Twenty-three tears needed surgical treatment later on, and 17 patients were unable to meet for follow-up. The remaining 49 still unrepaired tears were re-examined after 8...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027607/third-or-fourth-degree-intrapartum-anal-sphincter-tears-are-associated-with-levator-ani-avulsion-in-primiparas
#9
Dan V Valsky, Sarah M Cohen, Michal Lipschuetz, Drorith Hochner-Celnikier, Hagit Daum, Itai Yagel, Simcha Yagel
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated primiparous women with clinically diagnosed third- and fourth-degree and anal sphincter tears, to evaluate the rate of levator ani muscle injury compared to primiparous women without sphincter tears. METHODS: Primiparous women delivering in our maternity ward with intrapartum diagnoses of third- or fourth-degree anal sphincter tears, repaired by the overlapping technique, were recruited to undergo 3-dimensional transperineal sonography of the pelvic floor anatomy, including the anterior and posterior compartments...
April 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026735/-quantitative-analysis-of-power-doppler-images-in-lateral-humeral-enthesopathy
#10
P Walder, L Paša, L Pavliska
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The evaluation of efficiency of power Doppler sonography in the diagnosis of lateral humeral enthesopathy, role of correct assessment of Doppler sonographic images with the method of quantitative analysis, assessment of statistical differences between a group of patients with lateral humeral enthesopathy and a control group of healthy subjects and assessment of the diagnostic power of this test. In addition, consideration of the relevance of each area of the lateral compartment for assessment and diagnosis making in lateral humeral enthesopathy...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933692/preferential-changes-of-skeletal-muscle-echogenicity-in-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#11
N Takamatsu, K Sogawa, H Nodera, S Hashiguchi, Y Osaki, M Saito, A Mori, Y Izumi, R Kaji
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), weakness of distal limb muscles affects quality of life. Non-invasive evaluation of muscular involvement by muscle sonography could be useful for characterizing muscle-specific involvement. METHODS: Sonography of the lower leg and forearm was performed in 19 patients with DM1 and 10 control subjects. The mean echo intensities (EIs) of seven limb muscles were obtained by computer-assisted histogram analysis and compared within DM1 according to the overall clinical severity...
February 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914181/can-sonography-be-used-to-estimate-deep-abdominal-muscle-activation-in-different-static-arm-positions-while-standing
#12
Martin Eriksson Crommert, Monica Unsgaard-Tøndel, Ottar Vasseljen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether sonography is a reliable tool for measuring deep abdominal muscle activation in different static arm positions while standing. METHODS: Sonographic recordings were made of the transversus abdominis and obliquus internus abdominis in 4 different static arm positions that varied with regard to the postural demand and loading direction posed on the trunk. Ten nonconsecutive repetitions of each arm position were performed, and thickness measurements were made at 2 locations within each muscle...
January 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874219/sonographic-appearance-of-pyomyositis-of-the-sternocleidomastoid-muscle-a-case-report
#13
Hiroshi Sakaida, Yasunori Matsuda, Kazuhiko Takeuchi
Pyomyositis in the neck has rarely been described. We present the sonographic findings in a case of pyomyositis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. A 62-year-old man with poorly controlled diabetes presented with an induration of the neck and fever. On gray-scale sonography, a part of the sternocleidomastoid muscle appeared swollen and contained irregularly shaped hypoechoic areas. Power Doppler imaging showed increased vascularity in the muscle. Sonographic-guided aspiration confirmed abscesses in the sternocleidomastoid muscle...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775241/cytological-features-of-inflammatory-pseudotumor-like-follicular-dendritic-cell-sarcoma-of-spleen-a-case-report
#14
Jen-Fan Hang, Lei-Chi Wang, Chiung-Ru Lai
Here, we present the first cytological report of a primary splenic inflammatory pseudotumor-like follicular dendritic cell sarcoma. The 57 year-old male was incidentally found with a 2.2 cm well-demarcated splenic nodule. A sonography guided fine needle aspiration of the lesion was performed. The cytologic smears revealed loosely cohesive fragments of oval to spindle cells in a background of prominent lymphoplasmacytic infiltration. The cells showed sparse chromatin, distinct nucleoli, syncytial cell borders, and occasional cytoplasmic processes...
March 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742550/transient-elastography-as-a-noninvasive-assessment-tool-for-hepatopathies-of-different-etiology-in-pediatric-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Zeinab A Elkabbany, Nancy S Elbarbary, Eman A Ismail, Nesrine A Mohamed, Dina Ragab, Shereen Abdel Alem, Yasmine M Ezzat, Sarah S Maurice, Noha U Hashem
AIM: To identify the prevalence and effect of hepatopathies of different etiologies among pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) using transient elastography (TE) and its relation to glycemic control. METHODS: One hundred T1DM patients were studied focusing on liver functions, fasting lipid profile, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), hepatitis C virus (HCV), serum immunoglobulins, autoimmune antibodies; anti-nuclear antibody (ANA), anti-smooth muscle antibody (ASMA), and anti-liver kidney microsomal antibody (anti-LKM)...
January 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698182/sonographic-measurement-of-the-quadriceps-muscle-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-functional-and-clinical-implications
#16
Carlos Cruz-Montecinos, Carlos Guajardo-Rojas, Eloísa Montt, Felipe Contreras-Briceño, Rodrigo Torres-Castro, Orlando Díaz, Antonio Cuesta-Vargas
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between functionality as assessed by the 6-minute walking test (6MWT), maximal voluntary contraction of the quadriceps (MVCQ), and quadriceps thickness and echo intensity as measured by sonography, in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Maximal voluntary contraction of the quadriceps and the thickness and echo intensity of the rectus femoris and vastus intermedius were evaluated in 20 patients with COPD...
November 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519599/sports-ultrasound-applications-beyond-the-musculoskeletal-system
#17
REVIEW
Jonathan T Finnoff, Jeremiah Ray, Gianmichael Corrado, Deanna Kerkhof, John Hill
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, ultrasound has been used to evaluate musculoskeletal injuries in athletes; however, ultrasound applications extend well beyond musculoskeletal conditions, many of which are pertinent to athletes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Articles were identified in PubMed using the search terms ultrasound, echocardiogram, preparticipation physical examination, glycogen, focused assessment with sonography of trauma, optic nerve, and vocal cord dysfunction...
September 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417738/sonographic-visualization-of-the-rotator-cable-in-patients-with-symptomatic-full-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears-correlation-with-tear-size-muscular-fatty-infiltration-and-atrophy-and-functional-outcome
#18
Nathalie J Bureau, Etienne Blain-Paré, Patrice Tétreault, Dominique M Rouleau, Nicola Hagemeister
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of sonographic visualization of the rotator cable in patients with symptomatic full-thickness rotator cuff tears and asymptomatic controls and to correlate rotator cable visualization with tear size, muscular fatty infiltration and atrophy, and the functional outcome in the patients with rotator cuff tears. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with rotator cuff tears and 30 asymptomatic volunteers underwent shoulder sonography for prospective assessment of the rotator cable and rotator cuff tear and responded to 2 functional outcome questionnaires (shortened Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand [QuickDASH] and Constant)...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27408444/solitary-cysticercosis-of-the-temporalis-muscle-report-of-a-rare-case
#19
K Y Giri, Sarwar Alam, Ramakant Dandriyal, Subodh S Natu
Patient presented with swelling over right temporal region causing the dilemma over diagnosis. Sonography and CT scan confirmed the presence of cysticercus in right temporal region. Pharmacological management was instituted and the cyst resolved eventually. Ultrasonography and CT imaging play an important role in establishing the diagnosis of rare case of cysticercosis of temporalis muscle and can be treated successfully by pharmacological modality.
July 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27253912/effects-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-diaphragmatic-kinetics-and-breathing-pattern-in-healthy-individuals
#20
Eleni Soilemezi, Entela Koco, Christos Tsimpos, Matthew Tsagourias, Savvoula Savvidou, Dimitris Matamis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigate the changes in diaphragmatic kinetics, breathing pattern and work of breathing induced by 10 cmH2 O of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). METHODS: We used sonography to study diaphragmatic kinetics and measured energy expenditure using indirect calorimetry in 50 healthy volunteers at 0 cmH2 O positive end expiratory pressure (ZEEP) and after application of 10 cmH2 O CPAP. In a subgroup of 14 subjects, the changes in thoracic and abdominal volumes and thoraco-abdominal asynchrony were recorded with inductive plethysmography, while accessory respiratory muscle activity was recorded with electromyography...
October 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
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