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Sonography muscle

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089257/the-natural-course-of-nonoperatively-treated-rotator-cuff-tears-an-8-8-year-follow-up-of-tear-anatomy-and-clinical-outcome-in-49-patients
#1
Stefan Moosmayer, Anne V Gärtner, Rana Tariq
BACKGROUND: The natural course of nonoperatively treated rotator cuff tears is not fully understood. We explored the long-term development of tear anatomy and assessed functional outcomes. METHODS: Eighty-nine small to medium-sized full-thickness tears of the rotator cuff, all primarily treated by physiotherapy, were identified retrospectively. Twenty-three tears needed surgical treatment later on, and 17 patients were unable to meet for follow-up. The remaining 49 still unrepaired tears were re-examined after 8...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027607/third-or-fourth-degree-intrapartum-anal-sphincter-tears-are-associated-with-levator-ani-avulsion-in-primiparas
#2
Dan V Valsky, Sarah M Cohen, Michal Lipschuetz, Drorith Hochner-Celnikier, Hagit Daum, Itai Yagel, Simcha Yagel
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated primiparous women with clinically diagnosed third- and fourth-degree and anal sphincter tears, to evaluate the rate of levator ani muscle injury compared to primiparous women without sphincter tears. METHODS: Primiparous women delivering in our maternity ward with intrapartum diagnoses of third- or fourth-degree anal sphincter tears, repaired by the overlapping technique, were recruited to undergo 3-dimensional transperineal sonography of the pelvic floor anatomy, including the anterior and posterior compartments...
April 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026735/-quantitative-analysis-of-power-doppler-images-in-lateral-humeral-enthesopathy
#3
P Walder, L Paša, L Pavliska
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The evaluation of efficiency of power Doppler sonography in the diagnosis of lateral humeral enthesopathy, role of correct assessment of Doppler sonographic images with the method of quantitative analysis, assessment of statistical differences between a group of patients with lateral humeral enthesopathy and a control group of healthy subjects and assessment of the diagnostic power of this test. In addition, consideration of the relevance of each area of the lateral compartment for assessment and diagnosis making in lateral humeral enthesopathy...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933692/preferential-changes-of-skeletal-muscle-echogenicity-in-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#4
N Takamatsu, K Sogawa, H Nodera, S Hashiguchi, Y Osaki, M Saito, A Mori, Y Izumi, R Kaji
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), weakness of distal limb muscles affects quality of life. Non-invasive evaluation of muscular involvement by muscle sonography could be useful for characterizing muscle-specific involvement. METHODS: Sonography of the lower leg and forearm was performed in 19 patients with DM1 and 10 control subjects. The mean echo intensities (EIs) of seven limb muscles were obtained by computer-assisted histogram analysis and compared within DM1 according to the overall clinical severity...
December 9, 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914181/can-sonography-be-used-to-estimate-deep-abdominal-muscle-activation-in-different-static-arm-positions-while-standing
#5
Martin Eriksson Crommert, Monica Unsgaard-Tøndel, Ottar Vasseljen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether sonography is a reliable tool for measuring deep abdominal muscle activation in different static arm positions while standing. METHODS: Sonographic recordings were made of the transversus abdominis and obliquus internus abdominis in 4 different static arm positions that varied with regard to the postural demand and loading direction posed on the trunk. Ten nonconsecutive repetitions of each arm position were performed, and thickness measurements were made at 2 locations within each muscle...
January 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874219/sonographic-appearance-of-pyomyositis-of-the-sternocleidomastoid-muscle-a-case-report
#6
Hiroshi Sakaida, Yasunori Matsuda, Kazuhiko Takeuchi
Pyomyositis in the neck has rarely been described. We present the sonographic findings in a case of pyomyositis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. A 62-year-old man with poorly controlled diabetes presented with an induration of the neck and fever. On gray-scale sonography, a part of the sternocleidomastoid muscle appeared swollen and contained irregularly shaped hypoechoic areas. Power Doppler imaging showed increased vascularity in the muscle. Sonographic-guided aspiration confirmed abscesses in the sternocleidomastoid muscle...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775241/cytological-features-of-inflammatory-pseudotumor-like-follicular-dendritic-cell-sarcoma-of-spleen-a-case-report
#7
Jen-Fan Hang, Lei-Chi Wang, Chiung-Ru Lai
Here, we present the first cytological report of a primary splenic inflammatory pseudotumor-like follicular dendritic cell sarcoma. The 57 year-old male was incidentally found with a 2.2 cm well-demarcated splenic nodule. A sonography guided fine needle aspiration of the lesion was performed. The cytologic smears revealed loosely cohesive fragments of oval to spindle cells in a background of prominent lymphoplasmacytic infiltration. The cells showed sparse chromatin, distinct nucleoli, syncytial cell borders, and occasional cytoplasmic processes...
October 24, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742550/transient-elastography-as-a-noninvasive-assessment-tool-for-hepatopathies-of-different-etiology-in-pediatric-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Zeinab A Elkabbany, Nancy S Elbarbary, Eman A Ismail, Nesrine A Mohamed, Dina Ragab, Shereen Abdel Alem, Yasmine M Ezzat, Sarah S Maurice, Noha U Hashem
AIM: To identify the prevalence and effect of hepatopathies of different etiologies among pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) using transient elastography (TE) and its relation to glycemic control. METHODS: One hundred T1DM patients were studied focusing on liver functions, fasting lipid profile, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), hepatitis C virus (HCV), serum immunoglobulins, autoimmune antibodies; anti-nuclear antibody (ANA), anti-smooth muscle antibody (ASMA), and anti-liver kidney microsomal antibody (anti-LKM)...
January 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698182/sonographic-measurement-of-the-quadriceps-muscle-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-functional-and-clinical-implications
#9
Carlos Cruz-Montecinos, Carlos Guajardo-Rojas, Eloísa Montt, Felipe Contreras-Briceño, Rodrigo Torres-Castro, Orlando Díaz, Antonio Cuesta-Vargas
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between functionality as assessed by the 6-minute walking test (6MWT), maximal voluntary contraction of the quadriceps (MVCQ), and quadriceps thickness and echo intensity as measured by sonography, in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Maximal voluntary contraction of the quadriceps and the thickness and echo intensity of the rectus femoris and vastus intermedius were evaluated in 20 patients with COPD...
November 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519599/sports-ultrasound-applications-beyond-the-musculoskeletal-system
#10
Jonathan T Finnoff, Jeremiah Ray, Gianmichael Corrado, Deanna Kerkhof, John Hill
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, ultrasound has been used to evaluate musculoskeletal injuries in athletes; however, ultrasound applications extend well beyond musculoskeletal conditions, many of which are pertinent to athletes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Articles were identified in PubMed using the search terms ultrasound, echocardiogram, preparticipation physical examination, glycogen, focused assessment with sonography of trauma, optic nerve, and vocal cord dysfunction...
September 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417738/sonographic-visualization-of-the-rotator-cable-in-patients-with-symptomatic-full-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears-correlation-with-tear-size-muscular-fatty-infiltration-and-atrophy-and-functional-outcome
#11
Nathalie J Bureau, Etienne Blain-Paré, Patrice Tétreault, Dominique M Rouleau, Nicola Hagemeister
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of sonographic visualization of the rotator cable in patients with symptomatic full-thickness rotator cuff tears and asymptomatic controls and to correlate rotator cable visualization with tear size, muscular fatty infiltration and atrophy, and the functional outcome in the patients with rotator cuff tears. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with rotator cuff tears and 30 asymptomatic volunteers underwent shoulder sonography for prospective assessment of the rotator cable and rotator cuff tear and responded to 2 functional outcome questionnaires (shortened Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand [QuickDASH] and Constant)...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27408444/solitary-cysticercosis-of-the-temporalis-muscle-report-of-a-rare-case
#12
K Y Giri, Sarwar Alam, Ramakant Dandriyal, Subodh S Natu
Patient presented with swelling over right temporal region causing the dilemma over diagnosis. Sonography and CT scan confirmed the presence of cysticercus in right temporal region. Pharmacological management was instituted and the cyst resolved eventually. Ultrasonography and CT imaging play an important role in establishing the diagnosis of rare case of cysticercosis of temporalis muscle and can be treated successfully by pharmacological modality.
July 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27253912/effects-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-diaphragmatic-kinetics-and-breathing-pattern-in-healthy-individuals
#13
Eleni Soilemezi, Entela Koco, Christos Tsimpos, Matthew Tsagourias, Savvoula Savvidou, Dimitris Matamis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigate the changes in diaphragmatic kinetics, breathing pattern and work of breathing induced by 10 cmH2 O of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). METHODS: We used sonography to study diaphragmatic kinetics and measured energy expenditure using indirect calorimetry in 50 healthy volunteers at 0 cmH2 O positive end expiratory pressure (ZEEP) and after application of 10 cmH2 O CPAP. In a subgroup of 14 subjects, the changes in thoracic and abdominal volumes and thoraco-abdominal asynchrony were recorded with inductive plethysmography, while accessory respiratory muscle activity was recorded with electromyography...
October 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27226917/the-difficult-diagnosis-of-ischaemic-papillary-muscle-rupture-case-report-from-an-urban-emergency-department
#14
Christian T Braun, Meret E Ricklin, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos
We present a rare case of severe ischaemic papillary muscle rupture in a 67-year-old male patient who was admitted to the Emergency Department of the University Hospital Bern, Switzerland, in November 2013 with acute chest pain. On admission, the patient's blood pressure was 60/40 mm/Hg, his pulse was 110 beats per minute and his respiratory rate was 20 breaths per minute. An electrocardiogram was normal and focused assessment with sonography in trauma was negative. Transthoracic echocardiography showed possible thickening of the mitral valve leaflet with no indications of severe mitral insufficiency or wall motion abnormalities...
May 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27151904/sonographic-determination-of-type-in-a-fetal-imperforate-anus
#15
Mi-Young Lee, Hye-Sung Won, Jae-Yoon Shim, Pil-Ryang Lee, Ahm Kim, Byong Sop Lee, Ellen Ai-Rhan Kim, Hyun Jin Cho
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the type of an imperforate anus by using sonography in the prenatal period. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated the fetal anus in all pregnant women, including low- and high-risk populations, between February 2010 and November 2013. High-type imperforate anuses were diagnosed by prenatal sonography when the anal sphincter muscles and anal canal mucosa were not visible. Low-type imperforate anuses were prenatally suspected when at least 1 of the following was present: (1) a small anus; (2) no visible anal mucosa; or (3) close location of the genitalia by the anus without a visible perineal body, particularly in a female fetus...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130243/clinical-and-histopathological-features-of-adenomas-of-the-ciliary-pigment-epithelium
#16
Ying Chang, Wen Bin Wei, Ji Tong Shi, Jun Fang Xian, Wen Li Yang, Xiao Lin Xu, Hai Xia Bai, Bin Li, Jost B Jonas
PURPOSE: Adenomas of the ciliary pigment epithelium (CPE) are rare benign tumours which have mainly to be differentiated from malignant ciliary body melanomas. Here we report on a consecutive series of patients with CPE adenomas and describe their characteristics. METHODS: The retrospective hospital-based case series study included all patients who were consecutively operated for CPE adenomas. RESULTS: Of the 110 patients treated for ciliary body tumours, five patients (4...
November 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27117135/imaging-of-sarcopenia
#17
REVIEW
Giuseppe Sergi, Caterina Trevisan, Nicola Veronese, Paola Lucato, Enzo Manzato
Sarcopenia is currently considered a geriatric syndrome increasing in older people. The consequences of sarcopenia - in terms of impaired mobility, limited self-sufficiency and disability - have been amply demonstrated, increasing the need to develop methods to identify muscle mass loss as early as possible. Although sarcopenia involves a reduction in both muscle mass and function, loss of muscle mass remains the essential criterion for diagnosing this condition in daily practice. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging represent the gold standard for studying body composition, and can identify quantitative and qualitative changes in muscle mass...
August 2016: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27072173/functional-anatomy-of-pelvic-floor
#18
REVIEW
Salvatore Rocca Rossetti
Generally, descriptions of the pelvic floor are discordant, since its complex structures and the complexity of pathological disorders of such structures; commonly the descriptions are sectorial, concerning muscles, fascial developments, ligaments and so on. On the contrary to understand completely nature and function of the pelvic floor it is necessary to study it in the most unitary view and in the most global aspect, considering embriology, philogenesy, anthropologic development and its multiple activities others than urological, gynaecological and intestinal ones...
March 31, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27040052/which-muscle-shows-fasciculations-by-ultrasound-in-patients-with-als
#19
Naoko Takamatsu, Hiroyuki Nodera, Atsuko Mori, Keiko Maruyama-Saladini, Yusuke Osaki, Yoshimitsu Shimatani, Masaya Oda, Yuishin Izumi, Ryuji Kaji
The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the relative frequencies of fasciculations assessed by sonography in a large number of muscles in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The patients diagnosed as having ALS were retrospectively assessed by muscle sonography. The frequencies of having fasciculations were compared among the 15 muscles and the subtypes according to the initially affected body region. Overall, approximately half of the muscles had fasciculations (48.8%), in the average of 11...
2016: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27028598/localization-of-the-brachial-plexus-sonography-versus-anatomic-landmarks
#20
Christian R Falyar, Katherine M Shaffer, Robert A Perera
PURPOSE: Interscalene brachial plexus blocks are performed for perioperative management of surgeries involving the shoulder. Historically, these procedures employed anatomic landmarks (AL) to determine the location of the brachial plexus as it passes between the anterior and middle scalene muscles in the neck. In this study, we compared the actual location of the brachial plexus as found with sonography (US) to the anticipated location using AL. METHODS: The location of the brachial plexus was evaluated using US and AL in 96 subjects...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
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