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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822215/family-emergency-plan-and-preparedness-among-medical-practitioners-in-zaria-nigeria
#1
Jerry Godfrey Makama, Istifanus Anekoson Joshua, Elizabeth Jerry Makama
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the incidence of disasters in many parts of the world. Similarly, Nigeria has witnessed a recent increase of man-made disaster events such as plane crash, fire incidents, flood, and building collapse, including bomb blast orchestrated by terrorists that often create emergency situations. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate family emergency plan and preparedness among medical practitioners in Zaria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study (May-July, 2013) of medical practitioners in Zaria, Nigeria...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816075/psychological-impact-of-female-genital-mutilation-among-adolescent-egyptian-girls-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Magdy R Ahmed, Mohamed M Shaaban, Heba K Meky, Mohamed E Amin Arafa, Tamer Y Mohamed, Waleed F Gharib, Abeer B Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Worldwide, at least 200 million women and girls have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM). The medical and sexual consequences have been documented, but the psychological impact has not been studied to the same extent. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between FGM and psychiatric problems among adolescent girls. METHODS: A total of 204 girls, aged 14-19 years, were included in a cross-sectional study conducted at Suez Canal University Hospitals...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814947/preserving-the-anti-scientific-linear-no-threshold-myth-authority-agnosticism-transparency-and-the-standard-of-care
#3
Bill Sacks, Jeffry A Siegel
The linear no-threshold (LNT) assumption is over 70 years old and holds that all ionizing radiation exposure leaves cumulative effects, all of which are harmful regardless of how low the dose or dose rate is. The claimed harm centers on the risk of future radiogenic cancer. This has been shown countless times to be fallacious, and hundreds of scientific studies-both experimental and observational/epidemiological-demonstrate that at low enough doses and dose rates, ionizing radiation stimulates an evolved adaptive response and therefore is beneficial to health, lowering rather than raising the risk of cancer...
July 2017: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813814/toward-quantitative-characterization-of-essential-tremor-for-future-tremor-suppression
#4
Steven K Charles, Daniel W Geiger, Andrew D Davidson, Adam C Pigg, C Paul Curtis, Brendon C Allen
Tremor is the most common movement deficit and manifests in a variety of disorders, including Essential Tremor, Parkinson's Disease, Dystonia, and Cerebellar Ataxia. Although medication and surgical interventions have significantly reduced patient suffering, they are only partially effective and can carry undesired side effects, leaving many patients without satisfactory treatment options. Wearable tremor-suppressing devices could provide an alternative to medication and surgery. Multiple research groups have developed orthotic prototypes to low-pass filter tremor, but these devices have not yet been optimized for in-vivo use...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808393/evaluation-of-the-antidiabetic-properties-of-s-1708-mulberry-variety
#5
Brijesh Ranjan, Randhir Kumar, Neeraj Verma, Swati Mittal, Pranab Lal Pakrasi, R Venkatesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a metabolic disease prevalent worldwide in all age group of people. The source of diabetes is due to an oxidation process that can produce free radicals. An increase in oxidative free radicals in the body is reported to be one of the several causes of diabetes. The best remedy to combat oxidative stress is the use of antioxidants, which inhibit and scavenge free radicals. AIM: This study has been undertaken to evaluate the antioxidant activity and antidiabetic effect of mulberry leaf extract in diabetic mice...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807104/understanding-practitioner-professionalism-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-lessons-from-student-and-registrar-placements-at-an-urban-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-primary-healthcare-service
#6
Deborah A Askew, Vivian J Lyall, Shaun C Ewen, David Paul, Melissa Wheeler
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples continue to be pathologised in medical curriculum, leaving graduates feeling unequipped to effectively work cross-culturally. These factors create barriers to culturally safe health care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. In this pilot pre-post study, the learning experiences of seven medical students and four medical registrars undertaking clinical placements at an urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary healthcare service in 2014 were followed...
August 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805088/the-current-therapeutic-options-for-crohn-s-disease-from-medical-therapy-to-intestinal-transplantation
#7
Augusto Lauro, Francesco D'Amico, Gabriel Gondolesi
Crohn's disease (CD) has an annual incidence per 100.000 person-year of 20.2 in North America and 12.7 in Europe, and the purpose of this review is to evaluate its medical management, from diagnosis to transplant. Pharmacologic manipulation with nutritional care aims to achieve and maintain remission, but more than half of patients will undergo an intestinal resection, very often repeated over time. They could experience short bowel syndrome (SBS) requiring total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Intestinal transplantation (ITx) represents an alternative in case of irreversible intestinal failure (IF) with life-threatening TPN complications...
August 14, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803827/caring-for-the-caregiver-supporting-families-of-youth-with-special-health-care-needs
#8
Mariecel Pilapil, Daniel J Coletti, Cindy Rabey, David DeLaet
Caregivers of youth with special health care needs (YSHCN) are a critical part of the health care team. It is important for pediatric providers to be cognizant of the burden and strain caregiving can create. This article will discuss the health, psychological, social, and financial effects of caregiving, as well as strategies to screen for caregiver strain among families of YSHCN. Caregivers of YSHCN, for example, are more likely to report poor health status and demonstrate higher rates of depression and anxiety...
August 10, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799179/what-are-the-dietary-treatment-research-priorities-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-short-report-based-on-a-priority-setting-partnership-with-the-james-lind-alliance
#9
M C Lomer, A L Hart, A Verjee, A Daly, J Solomon, J Mclaughlin
BACKGROUND: Treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves a multidisciplinary approach comprising medical management and sometimes surgery. Although diet is central to IBD management, the optimal diet for patients with IBD is uncertain. A UK collaborative partnership within the James Lind Alliance was set up between patients, clinicians and other stakeholders to develop research priorities in IBD. The aim of this short report is to provide a comprehensive summary of the research priority findings relating to diet in the treatment of IBD...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799081/the-psychosocial-impact-of-carrying-a-debated-variant-in-the-gla-gene
#10
Sarah Macklin, Dawn Laney, Emily Lisi, Andrea Atherton, Elizabeth Smith
The clinical significance of the c.427G>A (p.A143T) variant in GLA is a topic of debate within the lysosomal storage disease community. A review of the literature and published case reports found the clinical impact of the variant to range from classic Fabry symptoms to healthy unaffected males with normal alpha- galactosidase enzyme levels, leaving clinicians unsure of how to manage these individuals. As the number of states testing for Fabry disease on their newborn screening panel has increased, more people with this variant are being identified...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794008/long-term-employment-outcomes-following-rehabilitation-for-significant-neurological-impairment-in-uk-military-personnel-a-3-year-study
#11
Sardar Bahadur, J McRann, E McGilloway
BACKGROUND: Returning to employment is a major modifiable factor affecting long-term health in brain injury which neurological and vocational rehabilitation attempts to address. In military patients, little is known about long-term employability, whether employment is sustained and how they fare in civilian roles. METHODS: A telephone review was undertaken of every military patient having undergone inpatient neurorehabilitation between 2012 and 2014. This was compared to their employment outcomes one to three years post discharge...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793335/estimation-of-sickness-absenteeism-among-italian-healthcare-workers-during-seasonal-influenza-epidemics
#12
Maria Michela Gianino, Gianfranco Politano, Antonio Scarmozzino, Lorena Charrier, Marco Testa, Sebastian Giacomelli, Alfredo Benso, Carla Maria Zotti
OBJECTIVES: To analyze absenteeism among healthcare workers (HCWs) at a large Italian hospital and to estimate the increase in absenteeism that occurred during seasonal flu periods. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. METHODS: The absenteeism data were divided into three "epidemic periods," starting at week 42 of one year and terminating at week 17 of the following year (2010-2011, 2011-2012, 2012-2013), and three "non-epidemic periods," defined as week 18 to week 41 and used as baseline data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791080/three-dimensional-printing-model-as-a-tool-to-assist-in-surgery-for-large-mandibular-tumour-a-case-report
#13
Kazuyuki Yusa, Hideyuki Yamanochi, Akira Takagi, Mitsuyoshi Iino
OBJECTIVES: Recently, three-dimensional printing models based on preoperative computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging images have been widely used in medical fields. This study presents an effective use of the three-dimensional printing model in exploring complex spatial relationship between the tumour and surrounding tissue and in simulation surgery based planning of the operative procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The patient was a 7-year-old boy with ameloblastic fibro-odontoma...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790448/lrlshmda-laplacian-regularized-least-squares-for-human-microbe-disease-association-prediction
#14
Fan Wang, Zhi-An Huang, Xing Chen, Zexuan Zhu, Zhenkun Wen, Jiyun Zhao, Gui-Ying Yan
An increasing number of evidences indicate microbes are implicated in human physiological mechanisms, including complicated disease pathology. Some microbes have been demonstrated to be associated with diverse important human diseases or disorders. Through investigating these disease-related microbes, we can obtain a better understanding of human disease mechanisms for advancing medical scientific progress in terms of disease diagnosis, treatment, prevention, prognosis and drug discovery. Based on the known microbe-disease association network, we developed a semi-supervised computational model of Laplacian Regularized Least Squares for Human Microbe-Disease Association (LRLSHMDA) by introducing Gaussian interaction profile kernel similarity calculation and Laplacian regularized least squares classifier...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783863/-the-educational-situation-of-young-chest-physicians-reasons-for-choosing-pneumology-as-specialization-and-assessment-of-carreer-relevant-aspects-by-gender-and-occupational-situation
#15
Lucia Christians, Regina Prenzel
Pneumology is one of the medical areas suffering a lot from young doctors shortage. However, there is an increasing number of young female academics - independent of specialty - whose successful medical career is blocked by internal and external reasons. At the 56th DGP congress (German Society for Pneumology) we did a survey on 358 participating chest physicians in order to identify the career promoting and the career restraining reasons and the relevant aspects regarding the specialty choice of pneumology...
August 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779899/effects-of-selected-indonesian-plant-extracts-on-e-%C3%A2-cuniculi-infection-in%C3%A2-vivo
#16
Bohumil Sak, Anna Jandová, Karel Doležal, Martin Kváč, Dana Květoňová, Lenka Hlásková, Michael Rost, Milan Olšanský, Wisnu Nurcahyo, Ivona Foitová
The present study was conducted to evaluate the methanolic extracts from several plant leaves widely used in traditional medicine to cure digestive tract disorders and in the self-medication of wild animals such as non-human primates, namely Archidendron fagifolium, Diospyros sumatrana, Shorea sumatrana, and Piper betle leaves, with regard to their antimicrosporidial activity against Encephalitozoon cuniculi in immunocompetent BALB/c mice determined using molecular detection of microsporidial DNA (qPCR) in various tissues and body fluids of infected, treated mice...
August 2, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777672/the-physiological-and-ergogenic-effects-of-khat-catha-edulis-forsk-extract
#17
Mowaffaq Awad Sallam, Kamaludin Ahmed Sheikh, Ronald Baxendale, Mohammad Nurul Azam, Anwar M Hossain, Maged El-Setouhy
BACKGROUND: Khat (Catha edulis Forsk) is a natural psychoactive substance which contains two main addictive substances; Cathine and Cathinone. Khat is widely used in east Africa and southern Arabian Peninsula. Khat chewers believe that it improves work capacity and increases energy level and alertness. That is why we aimed in this study to investigate the physiological and ergogenic effects of khat extract. METHODS: This study is an experimental study conducted at the Substance Abuse Research Centre in Jazan University, Saudi Arabia...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775180/sick-leave-and-medication-use-in-pregnancy-a-european-web-based-study
#18
Bich Thuy Truong, Angela Lupattelli, Petter Kristensen, Hedvig Nordeng
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A comparison of sick leave in pregnancy between countries is difficult as most studies have been conducted in single countries in Scandinavia. The objective of this study was to explore patterns of and reasons for sick leave during pregnancy on a multinational level, focusing on medication use but also differences in sick leave policies. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional, web-based study in 12 European countries from October 2011 to February 2012...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769789/knowledge-of-medicinal-plants-for-children-diseases-in-the-environs-of-district-bannu-khyber-pakhtoonkhwa-kpk
#19
Shabnam Shaheen, Safdar Abbas, Javid Hussain, Fazal Mabood, Muhammad Umair, Maroof Ali, Mushtaq Ahmad, Muhammad Zafar, Umar Farooq, Ajmal Khan
Medicinal plants are important treasures for the treatment of different types of diseases. Current study provides significant ethnopharmacological information, both qualitative and quantitative on medical plants related to children disorders from district Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) province of Pakistan. The information gathered was quantitatively analyzed using informant consensus factor, relative frequency of citation and use value method to establish a baseline data for more comprehensive investigations of bioactive compounds of indigenous medicinal plants specifically related to children disorders...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769026/chemical-composition-antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-and-antiproliferative-activities-of-the-plant-lebanese-crataegus-azarolus-l
#20
Hany Kallassy, Mohammad Fayyad-Kazan, Rawan Makki, Yolla El-Makhour, Eva Hamade, Hasan Rammal, David Y Leger, Vincent Sol, Hussein Fayyad-Kazan, Bertrand Liagre, Bassam Badran
BACKGROUND In the present study, phytochemical screening, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiproliferative capacities of 3 extracts from leaves of Lebanese Crataegus azarolus L. were evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fresh leaves were dissolved in 3 different solvents: distilled water, ethanol, and methanol. The chemical composition was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and the content of essential oil of this plant was examined by gas chromatography (GC) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS)...
August 3, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
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