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Pituitary apoplexy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398620/corrigendum-to-in-reply-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-regarding-endoscopic-endonasal-surgery-for-pituitary-apoplexy-evidence-on-a-75-case-series-from-a-tertiary-care-center-world-neurosurgery-109-2018-502
#1
Matteo Zoli, Laura Milanese, Marco Faustini-Fustini, Federica Guaraldi, Sofia Asioli, Corrado Zenesini, Alberto Righi, Giorgio Frank, Maria Pia Foschini, Carmelo Sturiale, Ernesto Pasquini, Diego Mazzatenta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383476/apoplexy-in-nonfunctioning-pituitary-adenomas
#2
REVIEW
Luiz Eduardo Wildemberg, Andrea Glezer, Marcello D Bronstein, Mônica R Gadelha
Pituitary apoplexy is an uncommon event, occurring due to the infarction and/or haemorrhage usually of a previously unknown pituitary adenoma. It can occur in all adenoma subtypes but is more common in nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas. The physiopathology is not completely clear, and precipitating factors, such as major surgeries, anticoagulant use or pituitary dynamic tests, can be found in up to 40% of patients. The clinical presentation is characterized by a rapid onset with a headache as the main symptom, but visual disturbances can also be present as well as meningism and intracranial hypertension...
January 31, 2018: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368293/epidemiology-clinical-presentation-and-diagnosis-of-non-functioning-pituitary-adenomas
#3
REVIEW
Georgia Ntali, John A Wass
PURPOSE: Non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are benign pituitary neoplasms that do not cause a hormonal hypersecretory syndrome. An improved understanding of their epidemiology, clinical presentation and diagnosis is needed. METHOD: A literature review was performed using Pubmed to identify research reports and clinical case series on NFPAs. RESULTS: They account for 14-54% of pituitary adenomas and have a prevalence of 7-41.3/100,000 population...
January 24, 2018: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344069/pituitary-ring-sign-plus-sphenoid-sinus-mucosal-thickening-neuroimaging-signs-of-pituitary-apoplexy
#4
REVIEW
Michael S Vaphiades
Two magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signs of pituitary apoplexy are the "pituitary ring sign" and "sphenoid sinus mucosal thickening". The occurrence of both these MRI signs together in patients with ischaemic pituitary apoplexy was investigated. A literature review searching the terms "pituitary ring sign" and "sphenoid sinus mucosal thickening" in the context of pituitary apoplexy from 1990 until present was performed. To be included in the study, each case had to have ischaemic pituitary apoplexy defined as acute expansion of a pituitary adenoma or, less commonly, in a non-adenomatous gland, from infarction without haemorrhage or very little haemorrhage and a T1-weighted MRI of the brain with contrast that displayed both "sphenoid sinus mucosal thickening" and a "pituitary ring sign" either on an actual study (the author's cases) or in a figure in an article from the literature that could be reviewed and clearly illustrate these two signs...
December 2017: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288106/pituitary-apoplexy-should-endoscopic-surgery-be-the-gold-standard
#5
Joaquim Cruz Teixeira, José Lavrador, Diogo Simão, José Miguéns
BACKGROUND: Pituitary apoplexy is an uncommon, potentially fatal condition due to spontaneous ischemia or hemorrhage in a pituitary adenoma. The treatment of this disorder has long been a matter of debate. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study including all patients admitted with pituitary apoplexy in our department between 2005 and 2015 was undertaken. Clinical symptoms and signs on admission, treatment (conservative vs. surgical), neurologic deficit on discharge and at 6 months' follow-up, and endocrinologic evaluation at 6 months' follow-up were analyzed...
December 26, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248982/a-case-series-of-atypical-features-of-patients-with-biopsy-proven-isolated-igg4-related-hypophysitis-and-normal-serum-igg4-levels
#6
Kevin C J Yuen, Kelley J Moloney, Jennifer U Mercado, Steven Rostad, Brendan J McCullough, Zachary N Litvack, Johnny B Delashaw, Marc R Mayberg
BACKGROUND: IgG4-related hypophysitis is a rare clinical entity that forms part of an emerging group of multi-organ IgG4-related fibrosclerotic systemic diseases. The rare prevalence of the disease, presenting features that overlap with other sellar pathologies, and variable imaging features can make preoperative identification challenging. PURPOSE AND METHODS: We report three cases of isolated IgG4-related hypophysitis with atypical clinical and imaging features that mimicked those of pituitary apoplexy and other sellar lesions...
December 16, 2017: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232810/in-reply-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-regarding-endoscopic-endonasal-surgery-for-pituitary-apoplexy-evidence-on-a-75-case-series-from-a-tertiary-care-center
#7
Zoli Matteo, Milanese Laura, Faustini-Fustini Marco, Guaraldi Federica, Asioli Sofia, Zenesini Corrado, Righi Alberto, Frank Giorgio, Foschini Maria Pia, Sturiale Carmelo, Pasquini Ernesto, Mazzatenta Diego
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232809/letter-to-the-editor-regarding-endoscopic-endonasal-surgery-for-pituitary-apoplexy-evidence-on-a-75-case-series-from-a-tertiary-care-center
#8
Mehmet Turgut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227295/an-unusual-presentation-of-pituitary-gland-apoplexy-with-noninfectious-meningitis
#9
Margaret LaPorte, Jenna Pollock, Michael Ward, James Fulcher
Pituitary adenomas make up 10% of intracranial tumors, but because of their location, they may go undetected for long periods. In this article, we report the case of a 68-year-old white man found deceased in his residence, who died of acute pituitary tumor apoplexy. He was known to have severe symptoms including acute headache, vision loss, and altered behavior. When found, his home was in extreme disarray, mimicking a possible assault. At autopsy, the decedent had multiple superficial abrasions about the upper and lower extremities, as well as a 2...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222208/hypersomatotropism-induced-secondary-polycythaemia-leading-to-spontaneous-pituitary-apoplexy-resulting-in-cure-of-acromegaly-and-remission-of-polycythaemia-the-virtuous-circle
#10
Shinjan Patra, Sugata Narayan Biswas, Joydip Datta, Partha Pratim Chakraborty
A young man with subtle clinical features suggestive of hypersomatotropism presented with acute-onset severe headache. Relevant investigations confirmed polycythaemia and growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary macroadenoma with apoplexy. Secondary polycythaemia and myeloproliferative disorders were ruled out. At follow-up after 3 months, resolution of polycythaemia and acromegaly was observed, evident on normal haemoglobin levels, a normocellular marrow, and normal insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) with glucose-suppressed GH levels...
December 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208862/impact-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-pituitary-adenoma
#11
M I Hossain, M G Hafiz, S Choudhury, G N Islam, A Islam, M M Ahsan, M M Hossain
Pituitary adenoma is the third most common primary intracranial neoplasm involving the adult population with clinical features due to excess or deficient hormone secretion or due to its mass effect. Debate about the diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of MRI imaging in detecting pituitary adenoma has been continuing. The study was aimed to evaluate the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of MR imaging in detecting pituitary adenoma. This cross sectional study was conducted in the Department of Radiology and imaging, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib medical University (BSMMU) from July 2013 to August 2015...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191540/postoperative-neurological-outcome-in-patients-with-pituitary-apoplexy-after-transsphenoidal-surgery
#12
Young-Hoon Kim, Young Hyun Cho, Seok Ho Hong, Jeong Hoon Kim, Min-Seon Kim, Shin Kwang Khang, Eun Jung Lee, Kyuha Chong, Chang Jin Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191280/rare-uncommon-and-unusual-complications-after-pancreaticoduodenal-resection
#13
REVIEW
Thinzar M Lwin, Natasha Leigh, Mazen E Iskandar, Justin G Steele, Michael G Wayne, Avram M Cooperman
Complications after pancreaticoduodenal resection occur in at least 30% of patients. Most are a direct result of an intraoperative event, dissection, or anastomoses which account for the most serious morbidities, sepsis, pseudoaneurysms, and hemorrhage. Rarely, complications are due to the systemic impact of the procedure even if the procedure itself was unremarkable. Rare systemic complications after PDR (Transfusion transmitted Babesiosis, pituitary apoplexy, and TRALI) and a number of uncommon and unusual other complications are discussed...
February 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182204/-long-qt-syndrome-and-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-due-to-hypopituitarism-report-of-one-case
#14
José Miguel García-Castro, Antonia García-Martín, Emilio Guirao-Arrabal, Pedro Luis Carrillo-Alascio
Symptoms of hypopituitarism are usually chronic and nonspecific, but rarely the disease can have acute and life threatening manifestations. We report a 53 years old female with a pituitary adenoma that was admitted to our hospital because of syncope. The electrocardiogram showed sinus bradycardia with a prolonged QT interval. Frequent runs of non-sustained polymorphic ventricular tachycardia were noted on telemetry. The patient had a history of severe acute headaches in the previous days and laboratory tests revealed severe secondary hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency and a decrease in pituitary hormones...
July 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167187/ischaemic-pituitary-tumour-apoplexy-and-concurrent-meningitis-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#15
Haris Hakeem, Shayan Sirat Maheen Anwar, Sarwar Jamil Siddiqui
Pituitary tumour apoplexy is a rare but potentially life threatening clinical syndrome that mostly results from haemorrhage in the pre-existent tumour. Pure ischaemic subtype of apoplexy is even rarer. The presentation can be hard to differentiate clinically from bacterial meningitis. Moreover, the presence of one does not necessarily exclude the other and early diagnosis of both conditions is imperative for timely management. We report a case of ischaemic pituitary tumour apoplexy that may have precipitated in the setting of bacterial meningitis...
November 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055223/pituitary-apoplexy-a-single-center-retrospective-study-from-the-neurosurgical-perspective-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Agnieszka Grzywotz, Bernadette Kleist, Lars C Möller, Volkmar H Hans, Sophia Göricke, Ulrich Sure, Oliver Müller, Ilonka Kreitschmann-Andermahr
OBJECTIVE: Thunderclap headache and visual disturbances are typical clinical features of pituitary apoplexy (PA). Because of the acute symptomatology, many patients are referred to a neurosurgical department without prior endocrinological assessment. It is the aim of the present study to analyze initial presenting symptoms, outcome and associated endocrine disturbances in a cohort of patients with pituitary apoplexy primarily seen by neurosurgeons. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective single-center study in a neurosurgical department...
December 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980712/indomethacin-responsive-paroxysmal-hemicrania-in-an-elderly-man-an-unusual-presentation-of-pituitary-apoplexy
#17
Lou Grangeon, Lucas Moscatelli, Adrien Zanin, Audrey Rouille, David Maltete, Evelyne Guegan-Massardier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979174/delayed-onset-of-isolated-unilateral-oculomotor-nerve-palsy-caused-by-post-traumatic-pituitary-apoplexy-a-case-report
#18
Tomoki Ishigaki, Yotaro Kitano, Hirofumi Nishikawa, Genshin Mouri, Shigetoshi Shimizu, Fumitaka Miya, Hidenori Suzuki
Post-traumatic pituitary apoplexy is uncommon, most of which present with a sudden onset of severe headache and visual impairments associated with a dumbbell-shaped pituitary tumor. We experienced an unusual case of post-traumatic pituitary apoplexy with atypical clinical features. A 66-year-old man presented with mild cerebral contusion and an incidentally diagnosed intrasellar tumor after a fall accident with no loss of consciousness. The patients denied any symptoms before the accident. After 4 days, the left oculomotor nerve palsy developed and deteriorated associated with no severe headache...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946177/surgical-intervention-for-pituitary-apoplexy-an-analysis-of-functional-outcomes
#19
Martin J Rutkowski, Sandeep Kunwar, Lewis Blevins, Manish K Aghi
OBJECTIVE Pituitary apoplexy is a clinical syndrome consisting of neurological and endocrine abnormalities secondary to hemorrhage or ischemia of an underlying pituitary adenoma. The authors investigated whether there was a significant difference in neurological, endocrine, and nonneuroendocrine outcomes for patients with pituitary apoplexy, based on the time between symptom onset and surgical intervention. METHODS The authors retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 32 patients who had presented to their institution with acute pituitary apoplexy and subsequently undergone endonasal transsphenoidal resection in the period from 2003 to 2014...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936095/repeated-headache-as-presentation-of-pituitary-apoplexy-in-the-adolescent-population-unusual-entity-with-review-of-literature
#20
Guru Dutta Satyarthee, B S Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
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