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Biagio Raffaele Di Iorio, Emanuele De Simone, Pino Quintaliani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Silvia Navarro-Prado, Emilio González-Jiménez, Miguel A Montero-Alonso, Marta López-Bueno, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle
INTRODUCTION: University students represent a social group at risk, from the nutrionally point of view because they usually have inappropiate nutritional habits and lifestyle. OBJECTIVE: Analize the students' lifestyle from the Campus of University of Granada in Melilla. Analize the evolution of the eating habits of these students during the academic year 2013-2014. METHODS: A longitudinal study was carried out during the academic year 2013-2014, the lifestyle was evaluated and, in a ongoing way, the eating habits in a representative sample of 257 students, 90 men (35%) and 167 women (65%), all of them from the campus of University of Granada in Melilla...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
D Cristian, A Poalelungi, A Anghel, T Burcoş, R Grigore, S Berteşteanu, G Richiteanu, F Grama
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of prophylactic PEG performed for the enteral nutrition support during the oncological treatment of patients with HNCs and as a part of the management of neurological patients experiencing neurogenic dysphagia. METHODS: In 2013 we followed up on a group of 23 HNC patients subjected to prophylactic PEG. We assessed the duration of the procedure, intraprocedural incidents and their causes, time to tube-refeeding and discharge after intervention, post interventional analgesia, early and late complications,toleration, costs and postoperative course of these patients after radical surgery maintaining PEG in place...
March 2015: Chirurgia
J Peng, J Cai, Z-X Niu, L-Q Chen
Early postoperative enteral nutrition (EN) after esophagectomy in esophageal cancer patient has been reported to be correlated with a better rehabilitation than parenteral nutrition (PN). However, a robust conclusion has not been achieved. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to compare the postoperative EN and PN in patients with esophageal cancer undergoing esophagectomy. Three electronic databases were searched for eligible studies to be included in the meta-analysis. The summary relative risk/weighted mean difference (RR/WMD) estimates and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using fixed- and random-effects models...
May 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Julia Rodriguez Bugueiro, Natalia Lacquaniti, María Cecilia Merkel, Anabel Villagra
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition at hospitals is responsible for high morbidity and mortality** rates. This study aims at describing the results of the implementation of a hospital nutrition program with an eventual deployment of nutritional support. METHODS: Observational, prospective, single-centre design. All adult patients consecutively admited in our hospital during the period January 2012-September 2013 were registered. The implementation of the nutrion program consisted of: nutritional assessment at admitance; examination of the patient with indications for starting nutritional support; implementation of nutritional support; monitoring and follow-up...
2014: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Eva Martins, António Figueras, Beatriz Novoa, Ricardo Serrão Santos, Rebeca Moreira, Raul Bettencourt
The deep-sea hydrothermal vent mussel Bathymodiolus azoricus and the continental European coast Mytilus galloprovincialis are two bivalves species living in highly distinct marine habitats. Mussels are filter-feeding animals that may accumulate rapidly bacteria from the environment. Contact with microorganism is thus inevitable during feeding processes where gill tissues assume a strategic importance at the interface between the external milieu and the internal body cavities promoting interactions with potential pathogens during normal filtration and a constant challenge to their immune system...
October 2014: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Willem Takken, Renate C Smallegange, Antoine J Vigneau, Valerie Johnston, Margaret Brown, A Jenny Mordue-Luntz, Peter F Billingsley
BACKGROUND: Mosquito fitness is determined largely by body size and nutritional reserves. Plasmodium infections in the mosquito and resultant transmission of malaria parasites might be compromised by the vector's nutritional status. We studied the effects of nutritional stress and malaria parasite infections on transmission fitness of Anopheles mosquitoes. METHODS: Larvae of Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto and An. stephensi were reared at constant density but with nutritionally low and high diets...
2013: Parasites & Vectors
R A Distel, F D Provenza
Low nutritional quality and high levels of condensed tannins adversely affect voluntary intake of blackbrush (Coleogyne ramosissima Torr.) by goats. We studied: (1) how consumption of blackbrush or alfalfa pellets by young goats affected their consumption of those foods later in life, and (2) whether previous ingestion of blackbrush or alfalfa pellets affected the excretion of condensed tannins and total phenols from blackbrush in urine and feces, production of proline-rich proteins in saliva, excretion of nitrogen in feces, and mass of the liver, kidneys, parotid glands, and reticuloramen in goats...
February 1991: Journal of Chemical Ecology
Kevin D Cashman, Mairead Kiely
The time course of the EURRECA from 2008 to 2012, overlapped considerably with the timeframe of the process undertaken by the North American Institute of Medicine (IOM) to revise dietary reference intakes for vitamin D and calcium (published November 2010). Therefore the aims of the vitamin D-related activities in EURRECA were formulated to address knowledge requirements that would complement the activities undertaken by the IOM and provide additional resources for risk assessors and risk management agencies charged with the task of setting dietary reference values for vitamin D...
2013: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Emanuele de Matos Nasser, Stella Regina Reis da Costa
INTRODUCTION: The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is a tool that helps in strategic management under the four following perspectives: the financial one, the client s, the internal processes of the company's, the growth and learning processes. In order to measure the performance of the entities, the BSC uses as a basis financial and non-financial indicators. OBJECTIVES: To implement the BSC in a nutrional therapy company. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This research deals with a case study that took place in a nutrional therapy company from January to November 2010...
May 2013: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
S Rubin, A L Le Piffer, M B Rougier, M N Delyfer, J F Korobelnik, I Redonnet-Vernhet, C Marchal, C Goizet, S Mesli, C Gonzalez, H Gin, V Rigalleau
Phenylketonuria (PKU) leads to severe neurological disorders in childhood, shunned by the diet. The long-term prognosis after diet diversification at adolescence is uncertain. We report a case of cortical blindness in a young patient regressive 1 month after the diet was resumed.Mr M., 25 years old, had PKU detected at birth. He maintained good serum levels of Phenylalanine (Phe) (120-300 μmol/L) during childhood and got a normal intellectual development. During adolescence he diversified his diet but maintained low meat and fish intake; Phe was ~1,200 μmol/L with no symptoms...
2013: JIMD Reports
Gouranga Santra, Siwalik Banerjee
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a multisystem disease characterized by chronic pulmonary infection, bronchiectasis, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and elevated sweat chloride level. It is commonly considered as a pediatric disease. But it is now being diagnosed in increasing number of adults due to increased survival from availability of potent antibiotics, nutritional facility and diagnosis of mild cases which were unrecognized previously. CF is rarely reported from India and its adult presentation is rarer. Our case, a Hindu female from West Bengal, India was diagnosed to have CF at the age of 29 years...
August 2012: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
G S Mishra
Vehicular accidents and Urban violence continues to be a major source of faciomaxillary injuries, Mandible being more commonly injured than other facial bones. A series of seventy five patients surgically treated for facial fractures between Jan '92 and Dec. '94 was reviewed. Of these, 51 had mandibular fractures at different sites like Angle and Body, Body and/or Symphysis and Ascen-ding Ramus. All these patients were treated with rigid internal fixation using Dynamic Compression Plate on A. O principle. It provided complete anatomical reduction and stimulated bone healing and full range of movement...
October 1998: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Turgay Şişman, Özlem Gür, Nesli Doğan, Murat Özdal, Ömer Faruk Algur, Tülay Ergon
Single-cell protein (SCP) refers to the dried cells of microorganisms. The aim of this research was to evaluate the nutrional characteristics and possible toxic effects of the SCP of Trichoderma harzianum. First, T. harzianum was grown on whey filtrate agar medium and the obtained SCP was analysed. It was rich in both total protein (34.21%) and ash (4.78%). Furthermore, the biomass contained all the essential amino acids, and the amino acid concentrations were very close to the FAO reference protein levels...
October 2013: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Fengming Yi, Liuqing Ge, Jie Zhao, Yuan Lei, Feng Zhou, Zhifen Chen, Youqing Zhu, Bing Xia
BACKGROUND: Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) as a traditional mode of treatment in severe acute pancreatitis was still used widely in clinical work. In addition, enteral nutrition treatment methods have developed; early enteral nutrition has already been highlighted for severe acute pancreatitis, but the therapeutic risks versus benefits need to be studied. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To compare total parenteral nutrition with total enteral nutrition (TEN) in patients with severe acute pancreatitis by performing a meta-analysis...
2012: Internal Medicine
G A Norman, P E de Felicio
A study of the effects of breed and nutrition on the productive traits of Nelore, Guzerá, Charolais and Canchim cattle found in south-east Brazil was undertaken as part of an overall research programme to differentiate between carcase classes with a view to elaborating carcase classification proposals. The forty animals used in this study were divided into two treatment groups representing intensive and extensive feeding systems. Recovered data were analysed to determine the effects of breed, treatment and possible breed-treatment interaction on the proportions of internal and external offals and gross carcase composition...
November 1981: Meat Science
F Trefz, F Maillot, K Motzfeldt, M Schwarz
The problem to evaluate treatment outcome in adult PKU (phenylketonuric) patients lies in the heterogeneity of the adult PKU population. This heterogeneity is not only based on the different treatment history of every individual patient but also on the different severity of the underlying defect of the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase. Recent, partly double blind studies in adult PKU patients further support recommendation for lifelong treatment. However, it has become evident that dietary treatment is suboptimal and continuation to adulthood often not accepted...
2011: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
David J Glass
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss the mechanisms of muscle loss during cachexia. RECENT FINDINGS: Cachexia can be defined as a wasting of lean body mass that cannot be reversed nutrionally, indicating a dysregulation in the pathways maintaining body composition. In skeletal muscle, during cachexia, there is an upregulation of protein degradation. A search for transcriptional markers of muscle atrophy led to the discovery of the E3 ubiquitin ligases MuRF1 and MAFbx (also called Atrogin-1)...
May 2010: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
J Stein, H J Boehles, I Blumenstein, C Goeters, R Schulz
Protein catabolism should be reduced and protein synthesis promoted with parenteral nutrion (PN). Amino acid (AA) solutions should always be infused with PN. Standard AA solutions are generally used, whereas specially adapted AA solutions may be required in certain conditions such as severe disorders of AA utilisation or in inborn errors of AA metabolism. An AA intake of 0.8 g/kg/day is generally recommended for adult patients with a normal metabolism, which may be increased to 1.2-1.5 g/kg/day, or to 2.0 or 2...
2009: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Stephan Michels, Malaika Kurz-Levin
Today age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most frequent cause for legal blindness in western industrialized countries. The prevalence of this disease rises with increasing age. A multifactorial pathogenesis of AMD is postulated including genetic predisposition and environmental risk factors. The most relevant modifiable risk factor is smoking. Up to today there is no cure of this chronic disease. Prophylaxis, including a healthy diet and antioxidants as nutrional supplements for selected patients, aims to slow down the disease progression...
March 2009: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
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