keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Spirometer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907454/menopause-is-associated-with-accelerated-lung-function-decline
#1
Kai Triebner, Bobette Matulonga, Ane Johannessen, Sandra Suske, Bryndís Benediktsdóttir, Pascal Demoly, Shyamali C Dharmage, Karl A Franklin, Judith Garcia Aymerich, José Antonio Gullón Blanco, Joachim Heinrich, Mathias Holm, Debbie Jarvis, Rain Jõgi, Eva Lindberg, Jesús Martínez Moratalla Rovira, Nerea Muniozguren Agirre, Isabelle Pin, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Luca Puggini, Chantal Raherison, José Luis Sánchez-Ramos, Vivi Schlünssen, Jordi Sunyer, Cecilie Svanes, Steinar Hustad, Bénédicte Leynaert, Francisco Gómez Real
RATIONALE: Menopause is associated with changes in sex hormones, which affect immunity, inflammation, and osteoporosis and may impair lung function. Lung function decline has not previously been investigated in relation to menopause. OBJECTIVES: To study whether lung function decline, assessed by forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second, is accelerated in women who undergo menopause. METHODS: The population-based longitudinal European Community Respiratory Health Survey provided serum samples, spirometry and questionnaire data about respiratory and reproductive health from three study waves (N=1438)...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880049/understanding-clinicians-attitudes-toward-a-mobile-health-strategy-to-childhood-asthma-management-a-qualitative-study
#2
Jessica P Hollenbach, Anna Cushing, Emilie Melvin, Bryanna McGowan, Michelle M Cloutier, Melissa Manice
OBJECTIVES: Mobile technology for childhood asthma can provide real-time data to enhance care. What real-time adherence information clinicians want, how they may use it, and if the data meet their clinical needs has not been fully explored. Our goal was to determine whether pediatric primary care and pulmonary clinicians believe a sensor-based mobile intervention is useful in caring for patients with asthma. METHODS: We recruited participants from 3 urban, primary care and 1 pulmonary practice from July to September 2015 in Hartford, CT...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877063/copd-patients-medical-care-and-support-in-greece-during-financial-crisis
#3
George Mitonas, Alexia Juvana, Zoe Daniil, Chryssa Hatzoglou, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis
BACKGROUND: The need to follow a multidisciplinary strategy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) management and rehabilitation in community settings in Greece raises significant questions, given the severe austerity measures being imposed at present. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical profile of patients with COPD along with the care provided in rural community settings in Greece. METHODS: Two primary health care centers and 200 newly diagnosed patients over a 12-month period were involved in the study...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872418/use-of-angle-independent-m-mode-sonography-for-assessment-of-diaphragm-displacement
#4
Sam R Orde, Andrea J Boon, Daniel G Firth, Hector R Villarraga, Hiroshi Sekiguchi
OBJECTIVES: Sonographic assessment of diaphragm displacement has conventionally been conducted with M-mode sonography via an anterior subcostal approach. This method is subject to measurement errors when diaphragm displacement is not in line with the M-mode plane. We aimed to compare measurements obtained by offline angle-independent (anatomic) M-mode sonography with conventional M-mode sonography. METHODS: Fifty healthy adults were imaged with conventional and angle-independent M-mode sonography of the bilateral hemidiaphragms at 60% maximal inspiratory capacity using an inspiratory spirometer...
December 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865240/prediction-equations-for-spirometry-in-adults-in-western-india
#5
Unnati Desai, Jyotsna M Joshi, S K Chhabra, Mujeeb-Ur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Spirometry is an essential investigation in pulmonology. The predicted normal spirometry values depend on various physiological parameters. This study was conducted to collect updated information on pulmonary functions in normal adults from western India. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was undertaken at a tertiary hospital in Mumbai enrolling healthy subjects, 18-75 years, with ethnic origin from western India. Spirometry measurements were carried out as per ATS/ERS-2005 guidelines using a non-heated Fleish Pneumotachograph spirometer...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832236/evaluation-of-pulmonary-function-and-respiratory-symptoms-in-pyrochlore-mine-workers
#6
Ritta de Cássia Canedo Oliveira Borges, José Cerqueira Barros, Fabrício Borges Oliveira, Marisa Andrade Brunherotti, Paulo Roberto Veiga Quemelo
Objective: To identify respiratory symptoms and evaluate lung function in mine workers. Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study involving production sector workers of a pyrochlore mining company. The subjects completed the British Medical Research Council questionnaire, which is designed to evaluate respiratory symptoms, occupational exposure factors, and smoking status. In addition, they underwent pulmonary function tests with a portable spirometer...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821955/the-association-between-the-body-composition-and-lifestyle-affecting-pulmonary-function-in-japanese-workers
#7
Atsushi Inomoto, Rika Fukuda, Junko Deguchi Phn, Gohei Kato, Ryoko Kanzaki Rpt, Keiichi Hiroshige Rpt, Kouichi Nakamura, Rpt, Keisuke Nakano Rpt, Toshihiro Toyonaga
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify factors related to physical characteristics and lifestyle that affect pulmonary function. [Subjects and Methods] Ninety seven healthy male workers were recruited for this study, and basic information and details about lifestyle were collected. Body composition analyzer and visceral fat measuring device were conducted as measurements. Pulmonary function was measured using spirometer. A multiple stepwise linear regression analysis was performed with pulmonary function as the dependent variable...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821930/effects-of-fast-expiration-exercises-without-pressure-on-the-respiratory-muscle-strength-of-healthy-subjects
#8
Hiroshi Ishida, Yuri Kuramoto, Daiki Ikeda, Susumu Watanabe
[Purpose] The aim of this investigation was to determine the effects of 4 weeks of fast expiration exercises performed without pressure on respiratory muscle strength. [Subjects and Methods] Respiratory muscle strength of the training group that performed fast expiration exercises (n=12) was compared with that of a control group that performed no exercises (n=12). The fast expiration exercises were performed using a peak expiratory flow meter device and consisted of 20 fast expiration exercises performed 3 times per week for 4 weeks...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797591/which-is-the-best-screening-strategy-for-copd-among-smokers-in-primary-care
#9
Montserrat Llordés, Elba Zurdo, Ángeles Jaén, Inmaculada Vázquez, Luís Pastrana, Marc Miravitlles
We developed a questionnaire to detect cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and compared its reliability with other strategies. In order to develop the new questionnaire (COPD screening questionnaire from Terrassa [EGARPOC]) we used data from an epidemiological study on the prevalence of COPD in smokers and calculated the odds ratio for each variable showing significance for the diagnosis of COPD on regression analysis. For comparison among questionnaires and the portable spirometer COPD-6, a cross-sectional multicenter study was performed...
October 31, 2016: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782714/lung-surface-deformation-prediction-from-spirometry-measurement-and-chest-wall-surface-motion
#10
Joubin Nasehi Tehrani, Alistair McEwan, Jing Wang
PURPOSE: The authors have developed and evaluated a method to predict lung surface motion based on spirometry measurements, and chest and abdomen motion at selected locations. METHODS: A patient-specific 3D triangular surface mesh of the lung region was obtained at the end expiratory phase by the threshold-based segmentation method. Lung flow volume changes were recorded with a spirometer for each patient. A total of 192 selected points at a regular spacing of 2 × 2 cm matrix points were used to detect chest wall motion over a total area of 32 × 24 cm covering the chest and abdomen surfaces...
October 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763876/the-effect-of-body-mass-and-sex-on-the-accuracy-of-respiratory-magnetometers-for-measurement-of-end-expiratory-lung-volumes
#11
Joanne Avraam, Rosie Bourke, John Trinder, Christian L Nicholas, Danny Brazzale, Fergal J O'Donoghue, Peter D Rochford, Amy S Jordan
Respiratory magnetometers are increasingly being used in sleep studies to measure changes in end-expiratory lung volume (EELV), including in obese obstructive sleep apnea patients. Despite this, the accuracy of magnetometers has not been confirmed in obese patients nor compared between sexes. Thus we compared spirometer-measured and magnetometer-estimated lung volume and tidal volume changes during voluntary end-expiratory lung volume changes of 1.5, 1, and 0.5 l above and 0.5 l below functional respiratory capacity in supine normal-weight [body mass index (BMI) < 25 kg/m] and healthy obese (BMI > 30 kg/m) men and women...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746091/effects-of-cold-therapy-on-pain-and-breathing-exercises-among-median-sternotomy-patients
#12
Gülbanu Zencir, Ismet Eser
The most painful activities during the days following cardiac surgery are coughing and deep breathing exercises. Cold therapy is an effective nonpharmacological method that decreases the pain during coughing and mobilization. In this study, the effects of cold therapy on pain and breathing exercises among patients with median sternotomy following cardiac surgery were investigated in a randomized crossover clinical trial. Data were collected from patients with median sternotomy (N = 34) in the first two postoperative days...
October 13, 2016: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742296/respiratory-profile-in-patients-after-liver-transplantation
#13
M M C da Silva, R A Corcha, A M Oliveira da Silva, F J B Z Franco, J R de Souza Almeida, I F S F Boin
BACKGROUND: Patients in the immediate post-operative liver transplantation (LxT) period can develop respiratory and functional complications. In the postoperative months, these functions tend to improve. Nevertheless, there are few studies that evaluate precisely and specifically respiratory function in post-LxT long-term after surgery. The objective of the study was to describe the respiratory profile of patients 1 to 6 months after LxT, accompanied by LxT outpatients. METHODS: We included patients between 25 and 60 years old...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697741/impacts-of-low-socioeconomic-status-and-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-exposure-on-lung-function-among-a-community-based-chinese-population
#14
Jian Hou, Huizhen Sun, Jixuan Ma, Yun Zhou, Lili Xiao, Tian Xu, Juan Cheng, Weihong Chen, Jing Yuan
Lung function is related to socioeconomic status (SES) and exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). However, joint effect of SES and exposure to PAHs on lung function has been largely unknown. We aimed to investigate joint effects of SES and urinary OH-PAHs levels on lung function parameters. This study included 2739 Wuhan participants from the baseline survey of the Wuhan-Zhuhai (WHZH) Cohort Study (n=3053). They completed the questionnaire, physical examination and provided blood and urine samples...
September 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688737/the-effect-of-inhalation-of-citrus-sinensis-flowers-and-mentha-spicata-leave-essential-oils-on-lung-function-and-exercise-performance-a-quasi-experimental-uncontrolled-before-and-after-study
#15
Nidal Amin Jaradat, Hamzeh Al Zabadi, Belal Rahhal, Azmi Mahmoud Ali Hussein, Jamal Shaker Mahmoud, Basel Mansour, Ahmad Ibrahim Khasati, Abdelkhaleq Issa
BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been an increased interest in the effects of essential oils on athletic performances and other physiological effects. This study aimed to assess the effects of Citrus sinensis flower and Mentha spicata leaves essential oils inhalation in two different groups of athlete male students on their exercise performance and lung function. METHODS: Twenty physical education students volunteered to participate in the study. The subjects were randomly assigned into two groups: Mentha spicata and Citrus sinensis (ten participants each)...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652119/air-quality-index-from-charcoal-production-sites-carboxyheamoglobin-and-lung-function-among-occupationally-exposed-charcoal-workers-in-south-western-nigeria
#16
O O Olujimi, G R E E Ana, O O Ogunseye, V T Fabunmi
Charcoal production is often accompanied with gaseous and particulate emission into the atmosphere and occupationally exposed workers could be affected. This cross sectional comparative study was carried out to assess the levels of carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter (PM2.5) generated during the phases of charcoal production and their relationship with certain biomarkers among charcoal workers (subjects) and non-charcoal workers (controls) such as carboxyhaemoglobin (COHb), forced expiratory volume in the first second of expiration (FEV1), peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and body mass index (BMI) in Igbo-Ora, Oyo State and Alabata, Ogun State, which are two of the major hubs of charcoal production in South Western Nigeria...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598295/accuracy-and-quality-of-spirometry-in-primary-care-offices
#17
Matthew J Hegewald, Heather M Gallo, Emily L Wilson
RATIONALE: Spirometry is necessary for the optimal management of patients with respiratory disease. The quality of spirometry performed in the primary care setting has been inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate spirometer accuracy, determine the clinical significance of inaccurate spirometers, and assess the quality of spirograms obtained in primary care offices. METHODS: We tested 17 spirometers used in primary care offices with a waveform generator: accuracy and precision were assessed using ATS criteria...
September 6, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583055/lung-function-monitoring-a-randomized-agreement-study
#18
Sveinung Berntsen, Solvor B Stølevik, Petter Mowinckel, Wenche Nystad, Trine Stensrud
OBJECTIVE: To determine the agreement between devices and repeatability within devices of the forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), peak expiratory flow (PEF) and forced expiratory flow at 50% of FVC (FEF50) values measured using the four spirometers included in the study. METHODS: 50 (24 women) participants (20-64 years of age) completed maximum forced expiratory flow manoeuvres and measurements were performed using the following devices: MasterScreen, SensorMedics, Oxycon Pro and SpiroUSB...
2016: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542843/diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-pocket-screening-spirometer-in-diagnosing-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-general-practice-a-cross-sectional-validation-study-using-tertiary-care-as-a-reference
#19
Marina Labor, Žarko Vrbica, Ivan Gudelj, Slavica Labor, Davor Plavec
BACKGROUND: COPD-6™ is a lung function testing device for a rapid pre-spirometry testing to screen-out at-risk individuals not having COPD and indicating those at risk. The aim of this study was to validate COPD-6™ lung function testing (index test) in general practice in discriminating patients with COPD out of the population at risk - smokers/ex-smokers with no previous diagnosis of COPD, using measurements at tertiary care as reference standard. METHODS: Consecutive 227 subjects (115 women, 185 smokers/42 ex-smokers, ≥20 pack-years) with no previous diagnosis of COPD, aged 52...
August 19, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542776/the-relationship-between-the-aerodynamic-parameters-of-voice-and-perceptual-evaluation-in-the-iranian-population-with-or-without-voice-disorders
#20
Mahshid Aghajanzadeh, Akbar Darouie, Payman Dabirmoghaddam, Abolfazl Salehi, Mehdi Rahgozar
OBJECTIVES: Aerodynamic evaluations can provide useful information about the interaction between the respiratory and the phonation systems. The present study was conducted to investigate the relationship of maximum phonation time (MPT), vital capacity (VC), and phonation quotient (PQ) with perceptual evaluation in different types of dysphonia. The relationship between these parameters and the type of dysphonia was also examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study participants consisted of 300 individuals with different types of dysphonia (104 women and 196 men) and 100 healthy samples (63 women and 37 men)...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
keyword
keyword
12817
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"