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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457700/impact-of-home-spirometry-on-medication-adherence-among-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis
#1
Aarti Shakkottai, Niko Kaciroti, Lauren Kasmikha, Samya Z Nasr
OBJECTIVE: Medication adherence among adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF) is often suboptimal and this has significant impact on their health and quality of life. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the impact of frequent home pulmonary function (PFT) monitoring on medication adherence among adolescents with CF. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that weekly home PFT monitoring will improve adherence while not significantly adding to the treatment burden. METHODS: Individuals aged 12-21 years with CF were provided a spirometer to measure PFTs weekly for 1 year...
February 19, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429447/five-year-follow-up-of-participants-diagnosed-with-chronic-airflow-obstruction-in-a-south-african-burden-of-obstructive-lung-disease-bold-survey
#2
B W Allwood, R Gillespie, M Bateman, H Olckers, L Taborda-Barata, G L Calligaro, R Van Zyl-Smit, C B Cooper, N Beyers, E D Bateman
BACKGROUND: A community-based prevalence survey performed in two suburbs in Cape Town, South Africa (SA), in 2005, using the international Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) method, confirmed a prevalence of chronic airflow obstruction (CAO) in 23.1% of adults aged >40 years. OBJECTIVES: To study the clinical course and prognosis over 5 years of patients with CAO identified in the 2005 survey. METHODS: Patients with CAO in 2005 were invited to participate...
February 1, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422467/spirometric-assessment-of-impact-of-complete-dentures-on-respiratory-performance-an-in-vitro-study
#3
H S Indrakumar, Deepa Venkatesh, Vidya V Adoni, Rucha Kashyap, D Jayanthi, Nikhil Prakash
INTRODUCTION: Edentulism is one of the debilitating states affecting a significant portion of the geriatric population. It is often considered as the ultimate marker for predicting the pressure and burden on oral health. Respiration is also a routine vital function running continuously through the human body and most commonly assessed by a spirometer. Hence, we planned the present study to assess the impact of complete dentures on the functioning of the respiratory system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, a spirometric assessment of the effect of complete dentures on respiratory performance was done...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421851/respiratory-characteristics-of-individuals-with-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Vikram Mohan, Aatit Paungmali, Patraporn Sitilerpisan, Ummi F Hashim, Munifa B Mazlan, Tuan N Nasuha
Non-specific low back pain (NS-LBP) is known to cause respiratory dysfunction. In this study, we investigated alterations in breathing, respiratory strength and endurance, core stability, diaphragm mobility, and chest expansion among patients with NS-LBP and healthy individuals. The specific aim of the study was to correlate between respiratory function and other variables among NS-LBP patients. Thirty four patients with NS-LBP were matched with 34 healthy participants before undergoing total faulty breathing scale, spirometer, respiratory pressure meter, chest expansion, ultrasound, and pressure biofeedback measurements...
February 8, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399756/cardiovascular-risk-assessment-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-lung-function-parameters
#5
Maciej Polak, Agnieszka Doryńska, Krystyna Szafraniec, Andrzej Pająk
BACKGROUND: Decreased lung function is related to higher cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and mortality. However, little is known about the relationship between the risk factors of CVD and pulmonary function. AIM: To assess the relationship between the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, the total CVD risk and pulmonary function. METHODS: The analysis included 4,104 men and women in the age range of 45-69 years, participants of the Polish part of the HAPIEE Project (Health,Alcohol andPsychosocial factorsInEasternEurope), who provided valid measurements of 1s forced expiratory volume (FEV₁) and forced vital capacity (FVC) using Micro-Medical Microplus spirometer...
February 5, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367384/office-spirometry-in-primary-care-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-copd-national-lung-health-education-program-update
#6
Gregg L Ruppel, Brian W Carlin, Mary Hart, Dennis E Doherty
The use of office spirometry was recommended by the National Lung Health Education Program (NLHEP) consensus conference in 1999 for detection and management of COPD. Since that time, spirometry utilization has increased, but its role in the diagnosis of COPD is still evolving. This update reviews the role of spirometry for screening and case finding in COPD as well as for asthma. Spirometry has been used for disease management in patients with airway obstruction, with varying results. The diagnostic criteria for COPD using spirometry have also evolved in the past 17 years, with differences arising between the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease and NLHEP recommendations...
February 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355549/air-pollution-exposure-is-associated-with-lower-lung-function-but-not-changes-in-lung-function-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#7
Kerri A Johannson, Eric Vittinghoff, Julie Morisset, Paul J Wolters, Elizabeth M Noth, John R Balmes, Harold R Collard
BACKGROUND: Air pollution exposure is associated with acute exacerbation, disease progression, and mortality in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The objective of this study was to describe the impact of air pollution exposures on disease severity, as well as changes in lung function, in patients with IPF. METHODS: Using home spirometers and symptom diaries, 25 patients with IPF prospectively recorded FVC weekly for up to 40 weeks. Residential addresses were geocoded to estimate weekly mean air pollution exposures for ground-level ozone (O 3 ), nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ), and particulate matter < 2...
February 6, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349628/serum-total-magnesium-level-and-its-correlation-with-symptom-control-in-children-with-mild-persistent-asthma
#8
Pavani Chitamanni, Venkatesh Chandrasekaran, Soundravally Rajendiran
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of hypomagnesemia in children with mild persistent asthma and to correlate the serum magnesium levels with symptom control in the above children. METHODS: It was a cross sectional study carried out from 1st April 2015 to 31st July 2016 at the department of Pediatrics, JIPMER Hospital. Participants included six to 12-y-old children with mild persistent asthma registered at childhood asthma clinic. Pulmonary function tests were done in all children using Care fusion Jaeger spirometer...
January 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346430/estimation-of-inhalation-flow-profile-using-audio-based-methods-to-assess-inhaler-medication-adherence
#9
Terence E Taylor, Helena Lacalle Muls, Richard W Costello, Richard B Reilly
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients are required to inhale forcefully and deeply to receive medication when using a dry powder inhaler (DPI). There is a clinical need to objectively monitor the inhalation flow profile of DPIs in order to remotely monitor patient inhalation technique. Audio-based methods have been previously employed to accurately estimate flow parameters such as the peak inspiratory flow rate of inhalations, however, these methods required multiple calibration inhalation audio recordings...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319769/impact-of-an-early-physiotherapy-program-after-kidney-transplant-during-hospital-stay-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Tatiana Onofre, Julio Flavio Fiore Junior, César Ferreira Amorim, Suzana Tanni Minamoto, Denise de Moraes Paisani, Luciana Dias Chiavegato
INTRODUCTION: Cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal dysfunctions are common in the postoperative period of kidney transplant patients and are often accompanied by low exercise tolerance. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of an early physiotherapy program during hospital stay on functional capacity and peripheral and respiratory muscle strength after kidney transplant. METHODS: An open, randomized clinical trial was conducted in patients undergoing living donor kidney transplant...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167536/energy-expenditure-estimation-from-respiration-variables
#11
Rahel Gilgen-Ammann, Marcel Koller, Céline Huber, Riikka Ahola, Topi Korhonen, Thomas Wyss
The aim of this study was to develop and cross-validate two models to estimate total energy expenditure (TEE) based on respiration variables in healthy subjects during daily physical activities. Ninety-nine male and female subjects systematically varying in age (18-60 years) and body mass index (BMI; 17-36 kg*m(-2)) completed eleven aerobic activities with a portable spirometer as the criterion measure. Two models were developed using linear regression analyses with the data from 67 randomly selected subjects (50...
November 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111159/the-association-between-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-lung-function-in-older-adults-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#12
Gary O'Donovan, Mark Hamer
The longitudinal association between physical activity and lung function is unclear. Therefore, we examined said association over eight years. This study included data from 2966 participants in English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (63±7years [mean±SD]), a prospective study of initially healthy, community dwelling adults. Physical activity was assessed using an interview and lung function using a spirometer at baseline (2004-5) and follow-up (2012-13). General linear regression was used to assess associations between activity and lung function...
October 27, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083268/advances-in-remote-respiratory-assessments-for-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review
#13
Sidney Baroi, Renae J McNamara, David K McKenzie, Simon Gandevia, Matthew A Brodie
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of mortality. Advances in remote technologies and telemedicine provide new ways to monitor respiratory function and improve chronic disease management. However, telemedicine does not always include remote respiratory assessments, and the current state of knowledge for people with COPD has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: Systematically review the use of remote respiratory assessments in people with COPD, including the following questions: What devices have been used? Can acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) be predicted by using remote devices? Do remote respiratory assessments improve health-related outcomes? MATERIALS AND METHODS: The review protocol was registered (PROSPERO 2016:CRD42016049333)...
October 30, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076581/the-effect-on-pain-of-three-different-nonpharmacological-methods-in-peripheral-intravenous-catheterization-in-adults
#14
Dilek Yılmaz, Ülkü Yapucu Güneş
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness in reducing pain during peripheral intravenous catheterization of coughing, blowing into a spirometer and squeezing a stress ball. BACKGROUND: Peripheral intravenous catheterization is widely performed by nurses; it causes pain and discomfort to patients. DESIGN: This was a single blind randomized controlled study. METHODS: The sample of the study consisted of 120 males who came to donate blood...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060142/classification-of-voluntary-coughs-applied-to-the-screening-of-respiratory-disease
#15
Christian Infante, Daniel B Chamberlain, Rahul Kodgule, Richard Ribon Fletcher
Pulmonary and respiratory diseases (e.g. asthma, COPD, allergies, pneumonia, tuberculosis, etc.) represent a large proportion of the global disease burden, mortality, and disability. In this context of creating automated diagnostic tools, we explore how the analysis of voluntary cough sounds may be used to screen for pulmonary disease. As a clinical study, voluntary coughs were recorded using a custom mobile phone stethoscope from 54 patients, of which 7 had COPD, 15 had asthma, 11 had allergic rhinitis, 17 had both asthma and allergic rhinitis, and four had both COPD and allergic rhinitis...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017612/a-pilot-study-of-hot-wire-ultrasonic-and-wedge-bellows-spirometer-inter-and-intra-variability
#16
Marit E Aardal, Lene L Svendsen, Sverre Lehmann, Tomas M Eagan, Ingvild Haaland
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot study was to compare spirometric values obtained with different types of spirometers, spirometers of same type, and repeated measurements with the same spirometer in a pulmonary function laboratory setting. RESULTS: 12 healthy volunteers performed spirometry on four hot-wire (SensorMedics), two ultrasonic (Spirare) and one wedge-bellows (Vitalograph S) spirometers, according to ATS/ERS (American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society) guidelines...
October 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990891/-turkish-thoracic-society-national-spirometry-and-laboratory-standards
#17
Gaye Ulubay, Nurdan Köktürk, Aslı Görek Dilektaşlı, Elif Şen, Fatma Çiftci, Tunçalp Demir, Öznur Yıldız, Bilun Gemicioğlu, Sevgi Saryal
The application quality of pulmonary function tests (PFT) carries high importance since it affects the quality of health services. "Chronic Diseases and Risk Factors in Turkey Study," which was published in 2013 showed that only 22.6% of PFTs performed in the secondary care institutions in our country were compatible with the standards. This finding reveals the standardization problem in spirometry applications in our country. Currently, the criteria for the application and evaluation of spirometer measurements were defined by American and European Respiratory Societies standards...
June 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971054/relation-between-respiratory-muscle-strength-and-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-hand-grip-strength-in-the-healthy-elderly
#18
Hyun Iee Shin, Don-Kyu Kim, Kyung Mook Seo, Si Hyun Kang, Sang Yoon Lee, Sunhan Son
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate sarcopenic indices in relation to respiratory muscle strength (RMS) in elderly people. METHODS: This study included 65 volunteers over the age of 60 (30 men and 35 women). The skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) was measured using bioimpedance analysis. Limb muscle function was assessed by handgrip strength (HGS), the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), and gait speed. RMS was addressed by maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) using a spirometer...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969227/predictive-regression-equations-of-flowmetric-and-spirometric-peak-expiratory-flow-in-healthy-moroccan-children
#19
Khalid Bouti, Jouda Benamor, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi
INTRODUCTION: Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) has never been characterised among healthy Moroccan school children. AIM: To study the relationship between PEF and anthropometric parameters (sex, age, height and weight) in healthy Moroccan school children, to establish predictive equations of PEF; and to compare flowmetric and spirometric PEF with Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second (FEV1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between April, 2016 and May, 2016...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950251/effect-of-liuweibuqi-capsules-in-pulmonary-alveolar-epithelial-cells-and-copd-through-jak-stat-pathway
#20
Chengyang Wang, Huanzhang Ding, Xiao Tang, Zegeng Li, Lei Gan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the effect of Liuweibuqi capsules on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) through the JAK/STAT pathway. METHODS: Lung function was measured with a spirometer. Changes in lung histology were observed using H&E staining. Cigarette smoke extract combined with lipopolysaccharide (CSE+LPS) was used to establish the cellular COPD model. Cytokine levels were determined using ELISA, and changes in the JAK/STAT pathway were evaluated using western blotting...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
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