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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800103/the-ultrasonic-directional-tidal-breathing-pattern-sensor-equitable-design-realization-based-on-phase-information
#1
Arijit Sinharay, Raj Rakshit, Anwesha Khasnobish, Tapas Chakravarty, Deb Ghosh, Arpan Pal
Pulmonary ailments are conventionally diagnosed by spirometry. The complex forceful breathing maneuver as well as the extreme cost of spirometry renders it unsuitable in many situations. This work is aimed to facilitate an emerging direction of tidal breathing-based pulmonary evaluation by designing a novel, equitable, precise and portable device for acquisition and analysis of directional tidal breathing patterns, in real time. The proposed system primarily uses an in-house designed blow pipe, 40-kHz air-coupled ultrasound transreceivers, and a radio frequency (RF) phase-gain integrated circuit (IC)...
August 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797622/relationships-between-respiratory-parameters-exercise-capacity-and-psychosocial-factors-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
T O Awotidebe, O F Awopeju, L A Bisiriyu, R N Ativie, K I Oke, R A Adedoyin, O D Olusola, G E Erhabor
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects respiratory functioning and psychosocial factors. However, little is known about perceived ability of people with COPD to engage in a regular exercise program. This study assessed respiratory parameters, exercise capacity, psychosocial factors and their relations in people with COPD. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved patients with COPD recruited from a Nigerian university teaching hospital...
August 7, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792468/real-time-external-respiratory-motion-measuring-technique-using-an-rgb-d-camera-and-principal-component-analysis
#3
Udaya Wijenayake, Soon-Yong Park
Accurate tracking and modeling of internal and external respiratory motion in the thoracic and abdominal regions of a human body is a highly discussed topic in external beam radiotherapy treatment. Errors in target/normal tissue delineation and dose calculation and the increment of the healthy tissues being exposed to high radiation doses are some of the unsolicited problems caused due to inaccurate tracking of the respiratory motion. Many related works have been introduced for respiratory motion modeling, but a majority of them highly depend on radiography/fluoroscopy imaging, wearable markers or surgical node implanting techniques...
August 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759491/the-evaluation-of-a-noninvasive-respiratory-volume-monitor-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-general-anesthesia
#4
Andrea D Gomez-Morad, Joseph P Cravero, Brian C Harvey, Rachel Bernier, Erin Halpin, Brian Walsh, Viviane G Nasr
BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients following surgery are at risk for respiratory compromise such as hypoventilation and hypoxemia depending on their age, comorbidities, and type of surgery. Quantitative measurement of ventilation in nonintubated infants/children is a difficult and inexact undertaking. Current respiratory assessment in nonintubated patients relies on oximetry data, respiratory rate (RR) monitors, and subjective clinical assessment, but there is no objective measure of respiratory parameters that could be utilized to predict early respiratory compromise...
July 27, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750019/comparison-of-activity-and-fatigue-of-the-respiratory-muscles-and-pulmonary-characteristics-between-post-polio-patients-and-controls-a-pilot-study
#5
David Shoseyov, Tali Cohen-Kaufman, Isabella Schwartz, Sigal Portnoy
OBJECTIVES: To compare pulmonary function measures, maximal respiratory pressure and fatigue of respiratory muscles between patients with Post-Polio Syndrome (PPS) and controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PATIENTS: Patients with PPS (N = 12; age 62.1±11.6 years) able to walk for 6 minutes without human assistance; age-matched controls with no history of polio or pulmonary dysfunction (N = 12; age 62.2±6.5 years). MEASUREMENTS: A body plethysmograph was used to quantify Residual Volume (RV), Total Lung Capacity (TLC), and Thoracic Gas Volume (TGV) etc...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748369/classical-experiments-in-whole-body-metabolism-closed-circuit-respirometry
#6
REVIEW
Bruno Archiza, Joseph F Welch, A William Sheel
As part of a series of reviews aimed at providing historical context to the study of whole-body metabolism, this article focuses on the technique of closed-circuit respirometry. Developed by nineteenth century physiologists Henri-Victor Regnault and Jules de Reiset, a constant-pressure closed-circuit calorimeter capable of measuring oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production in small animals became the framework for future experiments on whole-body metabolism in humans. The volume-loss and volume-replenishment techniques can be used to indirectly assess energy expenditure using an oxygen reservoir; spirometers are simplistic in design but difficult to operate...
July 26, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744118/voluntary-lung-function-screening-to-reveal-new-copd-cases-in-southern-italy
#7
Alberto Capozzolo, Giorgio Castellana, Silvano Dragonieri, Pierluigi Carratù, Vito Liotino, Maria Rosaria Vulpi, Lorenzo Marra, Emanuela Resta, Pierluigi Intiglietta, Onofrio Resta
BACKGROUND: Underdiagnosis of COPD is a relevant issue, and most frequently involves patients at early stages of the disease. Physicians do not routinely recommend smokers to undergo spirometry, unless they are symptomatic. AIMS: To investigate the effectiveness of voluntary lung function screening in bringing to light patients with previously unknown COPD and to evaluate the relationships among symptoms, smoking status, and airway obstruction. METHODS: A voluntary screening study for COPD was conducted during two editions of the annual Fiera del Levante (2014 and 2015), an international trade fair in Bari...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679608/home-monitoring-improves-endpoint-efficiency-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#8
Kerri A Johannson, Eric Vittinghoff, Julie Morisset, Joyce S Lee, John R Balmes, Harold R Collard
The objective of this study was to investigate the reliability, feasibility and analytical impact of home-based measurement of forced vital capacity (FVC) and dyspnoea as clinical endpoints in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).Patients with IPF performed weekly home-based assessment of FVC and dyspnoea using a mobile hand-held spirometer and self-administered dyspnoea questionnaires. Weekly variability in FVC and dyspnoea was estimated, and sample sizes were simulated for a hypothetical 24-week clinical trial using either traditional office-based interval measurement or mobile weekly assessment...
July 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667353/the-use-of-handheld-nasal-spirometry-to-predict-the-presence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
Judd H Fastenberg, Christina H Fang, Viraj M Patel, Juan Lin, Howard D Stupak
OBJECTIVE: Nasal obstruction and oral breathing may play an important role in the pathophysiology of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This study aims to better understand the link between oral breathing, nasal obstruction, and the spectrum of sleep-disordered breathing. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Prospective study of patients who presented to the Otolaryngology clinic and underwent polysomnogram (PSG) from 2015 to 2016...
June 30, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664711/comparative-determination-of-the-physical-stress-and-strain-on-milkers-in-milking-parlors-in-upper-austrian-dairy-farms-with-an-ecg-and-activity-sensor-and-spirometer
#10
Magdalena Mayrhofer, Elisabeth Quendler, Bernhard Prinz, Alfred Nimmerichter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658754/effect-of-recumbent-body-positions-on-dynamic-lung-function-parameters-in-healthy-young-subjects
#11
Arvind Kumar Pal, Sunita Tiwari, Dileep Kumar Verma
INTRODUCTION: The change in body position can alter pulmonary functions parameters, therefore it is important to understand the physiological basis of these alteration. Ideally, spirometry is done in sitting position until the subject is unable to do so. Hospitalized patients often assume recumbent body positions irrespective of underlying pathology. Hence, need arises to find out best recumbent body positions for the benefit of these patients to make breathing comfortable for them. AIM: The aim of this study was to find out whether the change from the supine position to crook lying and Fowler's position (45° dorsal elevation) causes change in spirometric parameters...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633724/change-in-end-expiratory-lung-volume-during-sleep-in-patients-at-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#12
Patrick Koo, Eric J Gartman, Jigme M Sethi, Eyad Kawar, F Dennis McCool
STUDY OBJECTIVES: As lung volume decreases radial traction on the upper airway is reduced, making it more collapsible. The purpose of this study was to measure change in end-expiratory lung volume (EELV) following sleep onset and to evaluate the relationship between change in EELV and sleep-disordered breathing. METHODS: Twenty subjects underwent overnight polysomnography, of whom 14 (70%) had obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Change in EELV was measured throughout the night using magnetometry...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614923/-serum-levels-of-periostin-and-their-influencing-factors-in-the-beta-lactam-antibiotic-enterprise-workers
#13
S S Gao, Z S Song, Q Jia, X Li, C L Li, X W Chen, C B Zheng
Objective: To observe serum levels of periostin, ECP, IgE in the antibiotic enterprise workers, and study the role of periostin, ECP, IgE in the development of allergic inflammation. Methods: 90 cases with asthma or rhinitis were enrolled as disease group, another 117 workers exposed to 7-ACA、6-APA dust without suffering from allergic illness, are chosen as group of dust exposed, and 192 healthy workers who didn't contact dust were chosen as control group. Questionnaires were used to learn their basic information...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613428/prenatal-and-postnatal-exposure-to-pet-ownership-and-lung-function-in-children-the-seven-northeastern-cities-study
#14
Li-Wen Hu, Zhengmin Qian, Shyamali C Dharmage, Echu Liu, Steven W Howard, Michael G Vaughn, Jennifer Perret, Caroline C Lodge, Xiao-Wen Zeng, Bo-Yi Yang, Shu-Li Xu, Chuan Zhang, Guang-Hui Dong
To evaluate the association between prenatal and postnatal exposure to pet ownership and lung function in children, a cross-sectional study named Seven Northeastern Cities (SNEC) study was conducted. In this study, children's lung function including the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 ), forced vital capacity (FVC), maximal mid-expiratory flow (MMEF), peak expiratory flow (PEF) were measured by spirometers, and pet ownership situations was collected by questionnaire. Analyzed by multiple logistic regression and generalized linear modeling, we found that for all subjects, pet exposure in the first 2 years of life was significantly associated with lung function impairment of FVC<85% predicted (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]=1...
June 14, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613188/automated-spirometry-quality-assurance-supervised-learning-from-multiple-experts
#15
Filip Velickovski, Robert Marti, Luigi Ceccaroni, Felip Burgos, Concepcion Gistau, Xavier Alsina-Restoy, Josep Roca
Forced spirometry testing is gradually becoming available across different healthcare tiers including primary care. It has been demonstrated in earlier work that commercially available spirometers are not fully able to assure the quality of individual spirometry manoeuvres. Thus a need to expand the availability of high quality spirometry assessment beyond specialist pulmonary centres has arisen. In this work we propose a method to select and optimise a classifier using supervised learning techniques by learning from previously classified forced spirometry tests from a group of experts...
June 8, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612121/estimation-of-respiratory-volume-from-thoracoabdominal-breathing-distances-comparison-of-two-models-of-machine-learning
#16
Rémy Dumond, Steven Gastinger, Hala Abdul Rahman, Alexis Le Faucheur, Patrice Quinton, Haitao Kang, Jacques Prioux
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to both improve the accuracy of respiratory volume (V) estimates using the respiratory magnetometer plethysmography (RMP) technique and facilitate the use of this technique. METHOD: We compared two models of machine learning (ML) for estimating [Formula: see text]: a linear model (multiple linear regression-MLR) and a nonlinear model (artificial neural network-ANN), and we used cross-validation to validate these models. Fourteen healthy adults, aged [Formula: see text] years participated in the present study...
August 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599692/early-detection-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-apparently-healthy-attendants-of-tertiary-care-hospital-and-assessment-of-its-severity
#17
Tahira Zubair, Amanullah Abbassi, Osama Ahsan Khan
OBJECTIVE: Early detection of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in apparently healthy attendants of tertiary care hospital and assessment of its severity. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Study was conducted from January 2015 to July 2015 at Dow University Hospital, Ojha campus. METHODOLOGY: Ascreening method was designed for apparently healthy individuals including attendants of patients, hospital staff, faculty and students, belonging to age group 18-60 years after excluding severe obesity and already diagnosed respiratory and cardiovascular diseases by means of history...
May 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551059/-post-operative-pain-after-ultrasound-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-versus-trocar-site-infiltration-in-laparoscopic-nephrectomy-a-prospective-study
#18
Ana M Araújo, Joana Guimarães, Catarina S Nunes, Paula S Couto, Eduarda Amadeu
BACKGROUND: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is useful in reducing post-operative pain in laparoscopic nephrectomy compared to placebo. The purpose of this work is to compare post-operative pain and recovery after TAP block or trocar site infiltration (TSI) in this surgery. METHODS: A prospective, single blinded study on patients scheduled for laparoscopic nephrectomy. Patients were assigned to two groups: TSI Group: trocar site infiltration at the end of surgery; TAP Group: unilateral ultrasound-guided TAP block after induction...
May 24, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541913/virtual-spirometry-and-activity-monitoring-using-multichannel-electrical-impedance-plethysmographs-in-ambulatory-settings
#19
Hassan Aqeel Khan, Amit Gore, Jeffrey Ashe, Shantanu Chakrabartty
Continuous monitoring of respiratory patterns and physical activity levels can be useful for remote health management of patients with conditions such as heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In a clinical setting, spirometers serve as the gold standard for monitoring respiratory patterns such as breathing rate and changes in lung volume. However, direct measurements using a spirometer requires placement of a sensor in the patient's airway and is thus infeasible for continuous monitoring in nonclinical, ambulatory settings...
August 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523349/diagnosis-of-bronchiectasis-and-airway-wall-thickening-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-objective-airway-artery-quantification
#20
Wieying Kuo, Marleen de Bruijne, Jens Petersen, Kazem Nasserinejad, Hadiye Ozturk, Yong Chen, Adria Perez-Rovira, Harm A W M Tiddens
OBJECTIVES: To quantify airway and artery (AA)-dimensions in cystic fibrosis (CF) and control patients for objective CT diagnosis of bronchiectasis and airway wall thickness (AWT). METHODS: Spirometer-guided inspiratory and expiratory CTs of 11 CF and 12 control patients were collected retrospectively. Airway pathways were annotated semi-automatically to reconstruct three-dimensional bronchial trees. All visible AA-pairs were measured perpendicular to the airway axis...
May 18, 2017: European Radiology
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