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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053844/time-varying-changes-in-pulmonary-function-with-exposure-to-prolonged-sitting
#1
Kyung Woo Kang, Sung Min Son, Yu Min Ko
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to quantify the time-varying changes in pulmonary function with exposure to prolonged sitting. METHODS: Twenty-one healthy volunteers were recruited. The pulmonary function of all participants was measured three times in order to assess changes over time; pulmonary function was measured before sitting, after participants had been seated for 1 hour, and after they had been seated for 2 hours. A spirometer was used to measure pulmonary function...
December 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052294/comparison-of-three-screening-questionnaires-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-the-primary-care
#2
Dionisios Spyratos, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Diamantis Chloros, Dionisia Michalopoulou, Lazaros Sichletidis
BACKGROUND: Even though the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is easy and based mainly on spirometry and symptoms, the prevalence of underdiagnosis is extremely high. The use of simple screening tools (e.g., questionnaires, hand-held spirometers) has been proved to be a simple method for case finding of COPD. Nevertheless the most appropriate target group of the general population has not been specified yet. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare 3 screening questionnaires among smokers aged >40 years in the primary care setting...
January 5, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047708/th-cd-207a-05-lung-surface-deformation-vector-fields-prediction-by-monitoring-respiratory-surrogate-signals
#3
J Nasehi Tehrani, A McEwan, J Wang
PURPOSE: In this study, we developed and evaluated a method for predicting lung surface deformation vector fields (SDVFs) based on surrogate signals such as chest and abdomen motion at selected locations and spirometry measurements. METHODS: A Patient-specific 3D triangular surface mesh of the lung region at end-expiration (EE) phase was obtained by threshold-based segmentation method. For each patient, a spirometer recorded the flow volume changes of the lungs; and 192 selected points at a regular spacing of 2cm X 2cm matrix points over a total area of 34cm X 24cm on the surface of chest and abdomen was used to detect chest wall motions...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028188/feasibility-of-a-respiratory-movement-evaluation-tool-to-quantify-thoracoabdominal-movement-for-neuromuscular-diseases
#4
Fumio Liu, Michiyuki Kawakami, Kimimasa Tamura, Yoshihito Taki, Katsumi Shimizu, Tomoyoshi Otsuka, Tetsuya Tsuji, Chieko Miyata, Syoichi Tashiro, Ayako Wada, Katsuhiro Mizuno, Yoshimitsu Aoki, Meigen Liu
BACKGROUND: An objective method to evaluate thoracoabdominal movement is needed in daily clinical practice to detect patients at risk of hypoventilation and to allow for timely interventions in neuromuscular diseases. The clinical feasibility, reliability, and validity of a newly developed method for quantifying respiratory movement using fiber grating sensors, called the Respiratory Movement Evaluation Tool (RMET), was evaluated. METHODS: The time needed to measure respiratory movement and the usability of the measurement were determined by 5 clinicians using the Quebec User Evaluation of Satisfaction with Assistive Technology (QUEST) 2...
December 27, 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025374/effect-of-local-anesthetic-concentration-0-2-vs-0-1-ropivacaine-on-pulmonary-function-and-analgesia-after-ultrasound-guided-interscalene-brachial-plexus-block-a-randomized-controlled-study
#5
Andrew K Wong, Lauren Georgiades Keeney, Liting Chen, Rebekah Williams, Jiabin Liu, Nabil M Elkassabany
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess diaphragmatic excursion and measure pulmonary functions as measures of the degree to which the phrenic nerve is blocked after ISB with two different concentrations of ropivacaine: 0.2% and 0.1%. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blinded study. SETTING AND PATIENTS: Ambulatory surgical facility. SUBJECTS: Fifty patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy for rotator cuff repair. METHODS: Patients were randomized to receive ultrasound-guided ISB with 20 mL of either 0...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976662/respiratory-function-in-vocal-soloists-opera-singers-and-wind-instrument-musicians
#6
Helen Ksinopoulou, Chryssa Hatzoglou, Zoe Daniil, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis, Helen Karetsi
INTRODUCTION: Current studies have not yet reached a definitive conclusion on the effects of singing and playing wind instruments professionally on an individual's respiratory function. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the respiratory function of wind instrument players and opera singers in comparison with a group of healthy individuals. METHODS: The experimental group comprised 45 men and 35 women, 58 opera singers and vocal soloists in total and 22 wind instruments players...
December 13, 2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925582/remote-depth-based-lung-function-assessment
#7
Vahid Soleimani, Majid Mirmehdi, Dima Damen, James Dodd, Sion Hannuna, Charles Sharp, Massimo Camplani, Jason Viner
OBJECTIVE: We propose a remote, non-invasive approach to develop Pulmonary Function Testing (PFT) using a depth sensor. METHOD: After generating a point cloud from scene depth values, we construct a 3D model of the subject's chest. Then, by estimating the chest volume variation throughout a sequence, we generate volume-time and flow-time data for two prevalent spirometry tests: Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) and Slow Vital Capacity (SVC). Tidal volume and main effort sections of volume-time data are analysed and calibrated separately to remove the effects of a subject's torso motion...
December 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907454/menopause-is-associated-with-accelerated-lung-function-decline
#8
Kai Triebner, Bobette Matulonga, Ane Johannessen, Sandra Suske, Bryndís Benediktsdóttir, Pascal Demoly, Shyamali C Dharmage, Karl A Franklin, Judith Garcia Aymerich, José Antonio Gullón Blanco, Joachim Heinrich, Mathias Holm, Debbie Jarvis, Rain Jõgi, Eva Lindberg, Jesús Martínez Moratalla Rovira, Nerea Muniozguren Agirre, Isabelle Pin, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Luca Puggini, Chantal Raherison, José Luis Sánchez-Ramos, Vivi Schlünssen, Jordi Sunyer, Cecilie Svanes, Steinar Hustad, Bénédicte Leynaert, Francisco Gómez Real
RATIONALE: Menopause is associated with changes in sex hormones, which affect immunity, inflammation, and osteoporosis and may impair lung function. Lung function decline has not previously been investigated in relation to menopause. OBJECTIVES: To study whether lung function decline, assessed by forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second, is accelerated in women who undergo menopause. METHODS: The population-based longitudinal European Community Respiratory Health Survey provided serum samples, spirometry and questionnaire data about respiratory and reproductive health from three study waves (N=1438)...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880049/understanding-clinicians-attitudes-toward-a-mobile-health-strategy-to-childhood-asthma-management-a-qualitative-study
#9
Jessica P Hollenbach, Anna Cushing, Emilie Melvin, Bryanna McGowan, Michelle M Cloutier, Melissa Manice
OBJECTIVES: Mobile technology for childhood asthma can provide real-time data to enhance care. What real-time adherence information clinicians want, how they may use it, and if the data meet their clinical needs has not been fully explored. Our goal was to determine whether pediatric primary care and pulmonary clinicians believe a sensor-based mobile intervention is useful in caring for patients with asthma. METHODS: We recruited participants from 3 urban, primary care and 1 pulmonary practice from July to September 2015 in Hartford, CT...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877063/copd-patients-medical-care-and-support-in-greece-during-financial-crisis
#10
George Mitonas, Alexia Juvana, Zoe Daniil, Chryssa Hatzoglou, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis
BACKGROUND: The need to follow a multidisciplinary strategy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) management and rehabilitation in community settings in Greece raises significant questions, given the severe austerity measures being imposed at present. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical profile of patients with COPD along with the care provided in rural community settings in Greece. METHODS: Two primary health care centers and 200 newly diagnosed patients over a 12-month period were involved in the study...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872418/use-of-angle-independent-m-mode-sonography-for-assessment-of-diaphragm-displacement
#11
Sam R Orde, Andrea J Boon, Daniel G Firth, Hector R Villarraga, Hiroshi Sekiguchi
OBJECTIVES: Sonographic assessment of diaphragm displacement has conventionally been conducted with M-mode sonography via an anterior subcostal approach. This method is subject to measurement errors when diaphragm displacement is not in line with the M-mode plane. We aimed to compare measurements obtained by offline angle-independent (anatomic) M-mode sonography with conventional M-mode sonography. METHODS: Fifty healthy adults were imaged with conventional and angle-independent M-mode sonography of the bilateral hemidiaphragms at 60% maximal inspiratory capacity using an inspiratory spirometer...
December 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865240/prediction-equations-for-spirometry-in-adults-in-western-india
#12
Unnati Desai, Jyotsna M Joshi, S K Chhabra, Mujeeb-Ur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Spirometry is an essential investigation in pulmonology. The predicted normal spirometry values depend on various physiological parameters. This study was conducted to collect updated information on pulmonary functions in normal adults from western India. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was undertaken at a tertiary hospital in Mumbai enrolling healthy subjects, 18-75 years, with ethnic origin from western India. Spirometry measurements were carried out as per ATS/ERS-2005 guidelines using a non-heated Fleish Pneumotachograph spirometer...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832236/evaluation-of-pulmonary-function-and-respiratory-symptoms-in-pyrochlore-mine-workers
#13
Ritta de Cássia Canedo Oliveira Borges, José Cerqueira Barros, Fabrício Borges Oliveira, Marisa Andrade Brunherotti, Paulo Roberto Veiga Quemelo
Objective: To identify respiratory symptoms and evaluate lung function in mine workers. Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study involving production sector workers of a pyrochlore mining company. The subjects completed the British Medical Research Council questionnaire, which is designed to evaluate respiratory symptoms, occupational exposure factors, and smoking status. In addition, they underwent pulmonary function tests with a portable spirometer...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821955/the-association-between-the-body-composition-and-lifestyle-affecting-pulmonary-function-in-japanese-workers
#14
Atsushi Inomoto, Rika Fukuda, Junko Deguchi Phn, Gohei Kato, Ryoko Kanzaki Rpt, Keiichi Hiroshige Rpt, Kouichi Nakamura, Rpt, Keisuke Nakano Rpt, Toshihiro Toyonaga
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify factors related to physical characteristics and lifestyle that affect pulmonary function. [Subjects and Methods] Ninety seven healthy male workers were recruited for this study, and basic information and details about lifestyle were collected. Body composition analyzer and visceral fat measuring device were conducted as measurements. Pulmonary function was measured using spirometer. A multiple stepwise linear regression analysis was performed with pulmonary function as the dependent variable...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821930/effects-of-fast-expiration-exercises-without-pressure-on-the-respiratory-muscle-strength-of-healthy-subjects
#15
Hiroshi Ishida, Yuri Kuramoto, Daiki Ikeda, Susumu Watanabe
[Purpose] The aim of this investigation was to determine the effects of 4 weeks of fast expiration exercises performed without pressure on respiratory muscle strength. [Subjects and Methods] Respiratory muscle strength of the training group that performed fast expiration exercises (n=12) was compared with that of a control group that performed no exercises (n=12). The fast expiration exercises were performed using a peak expiratory flow meter device and consisted of 20 fast expiration exercises performed 3 times per week for 4 weeks...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797591/which-is-the-best-screening-strategy-for-copd-among-smokers-in-primary-care
#16
Montserrat Llordés, Elba Zurdo, Ángeles Jaén, Inmaculada Vázquez, Luís Pastrana, Marc Miravitlles
We developed a questionnaire to detect cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and compared its reliability with other strategies. In order to develop the new questionnaire (COPD screening questionnaire from Terrassa [EGARPOC]) we used data from an epidemiological study on the prevalence of COPD in smokers and calculated the odds ratio for each variable showing significance for the diagnosis of COPD on regression analysis. For comparison among questionnaires and the portable spirometer COPD-6, a cross-sectional multicenter study was performed...
October 31, 2016: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782714/lung-surface-deformation-prediction-from-spirometry-measurement-and-chest-wall-surface-motion
#17
Joubin Nasehi Tehrani, Alistair McEwan, Jing Wang
PURPOSE: The authors have developed and evaluated a method to predict lung surface motion based on spirometry measurements, and chest and abdomen motion at selected locations. METHODS: A patient-specific 3D triangular surface mesh of the lung region was obtained at the end expiratory phase by the threshold-based segmentation method. Lung flow volume changes were recorded with a spirometer for each patient. A total of 192 selected points at a regular spacing of 2 × 2 cm matrix points were used to detect chest wall motion over a total area of 32 × 24 cm covering the chest and abdomen surfaces...
October 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763876/the-effect-of-body-mass-and-sex-on-the-accuracy-of-respiratory-magnetometers-for-measurement-of-end-expiratory-lung-volumes
#18
Joanne Avraam, Rosie Bourke, John Trinder, Christian L Nicholas, Danny Brazzale, Fergal J O'Donoghue, Peter D Rochford, Amy S Jordan
Respiratory magnetometers are increasingly being used in sleep studies to measure changes in end-expiratory lung volume (EELV), including in obese obstructive sleep apnea patients. Despite this, the accuracy of magnetometers has not been confirmed in obese patients nor compared between sexes. Thus we compared spirometer-measured and magnetometer-estimated lung volume and tidal volume changes during voluntary end-expiratory lung volume changes of 1.5, 1, and 0.5 l above and 0.5 l below functional respiratory capacity in supine normal-weight [body mass index (BMI) < 25 kg/m] and healthy obese (BMI > 30 kg/m) men and women...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746091/effects-of-cold-therapy-on-pain-and-breathing-exercises-among-median-sternotomy-patients
#19
Gülbanu Zencir, Ismet Eser
The most painful activities during the days following cardiac surgery are coughing and deep breathing exercises. Cold therapy is an effective nonpharmacological method that decreases the pain during coughing and mobilization. In this study, the effects of cold therapy on pain and breathing exercises among patients with median sternotomy following cardiac surgery were investigated in a randomized crossover clinical trial. Data were collected from patients with median sternotomy (N = 34) in the first two postoperative days...
October 13, 2016: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742296/respiratory-profile-in-patients-after-liver-transplantation
#20
M M C da Silva, R A Corcha, A M Oliveira da Silva, F J B Z Franco, J R de Souza Almeida, I F S F Boin
BACKGROUND: Patients in the immediate post-operative liver transplantation (LxT) period can develop respiratory and functional complications. In the postoperative months, these functions tend to improve. Nevertheless, there are few studies that evaluate precisely and specifically respiratory function in post-LxT long-term after surgery. The objective of the study was to describe the respiratory profile of patients 1 to 6 months after LxT, accompanied by LxT outpatients. METHODS: We included patients between 25 and 60 years old...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
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