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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541913/virtual-spirometry-and-activity-monitoring-using-multichannel-electrical-impedance-plethysmographs-in-ambulatory-settings
#1
Hassan Aqeel Khan, Amit Gore, Jeffrey Ashe, Shantanu Chakrabartty
Continuous monitoring of respiratory patterns and physical activity levels can be useful for remote health management of patients with conditions such as heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In a clinical setting, spirometers serve as the gold standard for monitoring respiratory patterns such as breathing rate and changes in lung volume. However, direct measurements using a spirometer requires placement of a sensor in the patient's airway and is thus infeasible for continuous monitoring in nonclinical, ambulatory settings...
May 23, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523349/diagnosis-of-bronchiectasis-and-airway-wall-thickening-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-objective-airway-artery-quantification
#2
Wieying Kuo, Marleen de Bruijne, Jens Petersen, Kazem Nasserinejad, Hadiye Ozturk, Yong Chen, Adria Perez-Rovira, Harm A W M Tiddens
OBJECTIVES: To quantify airway and artery (AA)-dimensions in cystic fibrosis (CF) and control patients for objective CT diagnosis of bronchiectasis and airway wall thickness (AWT). METHODS: Spirometer-guided inspiratory and expiratory CTs of 11 CF and 12 control patients were collected retrospectively. Airway pathways were annotated semi-automatically to reconstruct three-dimensional bronchial trees. All visible AA-pairs were measured perpendicular to the airway axis...
May 18, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511377/an-analysis-of-dynamic-pulmonary-functions-of-hypothyroid-patients
#3
Seethalakshmi Krishna Iyer, Sunil K Menon, Biju Bahuleyan
INTRODUCTION: Hypothyroidism is a silent epidemic of our times. In India, the prevalence of hypothyroidism is 11%. The effect of hypothyroidism on respiratory system is debatable with studies suggesting both obstructive and restrictive disease patterns. The symptoms range from mild dyspnoea to life-threatening respiratory failure. This study emphasizes the effect of hypothyroidism on dynamic respiratory functions. AIM: To find out the changes in dynamic respiratory functions (FVC, FEV1, FEV1% and PEFR) in both male and female hypothyroid patients within age group of 18-45 years...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492202/spirometric-evaluation-of-ventilatory-function-in-adult-male-cigarette-smokers-in-sokoto-metropolis
#4
Muhammad D Isah, Muhammad A Makusidi, Aminu Abbas, Juliana U Okpapi, Chibueze H Njoku, Abdullahi A Abba
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is a widespread social habit in Nigeria with extensive deleterious multisystemic effect. Ventilatory dysfunction is one of the cigarette smoking-related illnesses that affect the respiratory system. Spirometry is an investigative method that can be used for the early detection of ventilatory dysfunction even before the onset of the symptoms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A questionnaire adapted from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey was administered to collect demographic, clinical, and cigarette smoking data...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487516/peak-flow-meter-with-a-questionnaire-and-mini-spirometer-to-help-detect-asthma-and-copd-in-real-life-clinical-practice-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Yogesh T Thorat, Sundeep S Salvi, Rahul R Kodgule
Peak flow meter with questionnaire and mini-spirometer are considered as alternative tools to spirometry for screening of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, the accuracy of these tools together, in clinical settings for disease diagnosis, has not been studied. Two hundred consecutive patients with respiratory complaints answered a short symptom questionnaire and performed peak expiratory flow measurements, standard spirometry with Koko spirometer and mini-spirometry (COPD-6). Spirometry was repeated after bronchodilation...
May 9, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437264/magnesium-sulphate-improves-pulmonary-function-after-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#6
Hye-Min Sohn, Sang-Hoon Jheon, Sunwoo Nam, Sang-Hwan Do
BACKGROUND: Reduced lung volumes are unavoidable after lung resection surgery. Magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) administration has been reported to reduce the requirement for neuromuscular blocking drugs and postoperative analgesics in surgical patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of MgSO4 on pulmonary function after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). DESIGN: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: A university tertiary care centre...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416951/spirometry-and-bronchodilator-test
#7
REVIEW
Yun Su Sim, Ji-Hyun Lee, Won-Yeon Lee, Dong In Suh, Yeon-Mok Oh, Jong-Seo Yoon, Jin Hwa Lee, Jae Hwa Cho, Cheol Seok Kwon, Jung Hyun Chang
Spirometry is a physiological test for assessing the functional aspect of the lungs using an objective indicator to measure the maximum amount of air that a patient can inhale and exhale. Acceptable spirometry testing needs to be conducted three times by an acceptable and reproducible method for determining forced vital capacity (FVC). Until the results of three tests meet the criteria of reproducibility, the test should be repeated up to eight times. Interpretation of spirometry should be clear, concise, and informative...
April 2017: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403098/the-effects-of-body-mass-index-on-spirometry-tests-among-adults-in-xi-an-china
#8
Shengyu Wang, Xiuzhen Sun, Te-Chun Hsia, Xiaobo Lin, Manxiang Li
Obese people have higher risk of respiratory symptoms. The relationship between obesity and lung function varies with age, race, and geographical region. The objective of this study is to examine the effects of body mass index on spirometric tests among adults in Xi'an city.This is a cross-sectional study. Pulmonary function testing was conducted on participants recruited from Xi'an, China between July and August 2012. Force expiratory volume in first second (FEV1), force vital capacity (FVC), FEV1/FVC, peak expiratory flow (PEF), and forced expiratory flow at 25-75% (FEF25-75) were measured by portable Spirometer...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376835/indoor-air-pollution-and-its-association-with-poor-lung-function-microalbuminuria-and-variations-in-blood-pressure-among-kitchen-workers-in-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Amarnath Singh, Chandrasekharan Nair Kesavachandran, Ritul Kamal, Vipin Bihari, Afzal Ansari, Parappurath Abdul Azeez, Prem Narain Saxena, Anil Kumar Ks, Altaf Hussain Khan
BACKGROUND: The present study is an attempt to explore the association between kitchen indoor air pollutants and physiological profiles in kitchen workers with microalbuminuria (MAU) in north India (Lucknow) and south India (Coimbatore). METHODS: The subjects comprised 145 control subjects, 233 kitchen workers from north India and 186 kitchen workers from south India. Information related to the personal and occupational history and health of the subjects at both locations were collected using a custom-made questionnaire...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356654/disordered-voluntary-cough-as-freezing-phenomenon-in-parkinsonism
#10
Mitsuaki Ishii, Hideaki Mashimo
[Purpose] In patients with parkinsonism, the precise mechanism of impaired voluntary cough remains poorly understood. This study used the flow-volume curve to clarify whether disordered voluntary cough reflects the freezing phenomenon. [Subjects and Methods] Case 1 was a 58-year-old female who had been suffering from progressive supranuclear palsy-pure akinesia with gait freezing. Case 2 was a 59-year-old female who had advanced juvenile parkinsonism. The subjects were asked to take a deep inspiration to the total lung capacity and then cough more than five times through the face mask into the spirometer without intervening inspirations between the coughing efforts...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352165/correlation-between-thoracolumbar-curvatures-and-respiratory-function-in-older-adults
#11
Nor Najwatul Akmal Ab Rahman, Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh, Raymond Lee
Aging is associated with alterations in thoracolumbar curvatures and respiratory function. Research information regarding the correlation between thoracolumbar curvatures and a comprehensive examination of respiratory function parameters in older adults is limited. The aim of the present study was to examine the correlation between thoracolumbar curvatures and respiratory function in community-dwelling older adults. Thoracolumbar curvatures (thoracic and lumbar) were measured using a motion tracker. Respiratory function parameters such as lung function, respiratory rate, respiratory muscle strength and respiratory muscle thickness (diaphragm and intercostal) were measured using a spirometer, triaxial accelerometer, respiratory pressure meter and ultrasound imaging, respectively...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344845/respiratory-disorders-among-workers-in-slaughterhouses
#12
Abbasali Kasaeinasab, Mehdi Jahangiri, Ali Karimi, Hamid Reza Tabatabaei, Sonia Safari
BACKGROUND: Workers in slaughterhouses are exposed to a wide range of biological contaminants, such as bacteria and fungi, due to their working environment. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of respiratory disorders among workers in slaughterhouses. METHODS: This study was conducted on 81 workers in slaughterhouses and 81 healthy office workers as a reference group. The American Thoracic Society standard respiratory symptoms questionnaire was used to determine the prevalence of respiratory disorders...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340306/the-effects-of-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-at-different-levels-on-postoperative-respiration-parameters-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#13
Bahadır Ciftci, Mehmet Aksoy, Ilker Ince, Ali Ahıskalıoglu, Elif Yılmazel Ucar
Purpose/Aim of the study: We investigated the effects of different positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) levels on postoperative respiration parameters in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and five consecutive patients were randomly divided to three groups (n = 35, for each group). Group I did not receive PEEP whereas group II received PEEP as 5 cmH2O and group III received PEEP as 8 cm H2O. Measurements with spirometer were taken 1 hour before the operation (T1) and, 1 (T2), 6 (T3), and 24 hours (T4) after extubation by an anesthetist...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273211/spirometry-reference-values-in-the-brazilian-population
#14
R Rufino, C H Costa, A J Lopes, A I Maiworm, K Maynard, L M R A Silva, R M Dias
The aim of the present study was to provide new spirometry reference equations in a sample of the Brazilian population for the following parameters: forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), FEV1/FVC ratio, peak of expiratory flow (PEF), forced expiratory flow at 50% (FEF50%), 75% average vital capacity (FEF25-75%), and average forced expiratory flow time (FEFT). This was a prospective study using results from chest radiographs, electrocardiograms, and questionnaires to investigate the participants' respiratory symptoms, sedentarism, and comorbidities (Charlson comorbidity index)...
March 2, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269105/changes-in-inhaler-inhalation-acoustic-features-during-induced-bronchoconstriction-a-pilot-study
#15
Thomas A McCartan, Terence E Taylor, Imran Sulaiman, Richard W Costello, Richard B Reilly
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease affecting millions of people worldwide, and is consequently a major issue for global health. Exacerbations are acute events involving the worsening of asthma's primary respiratory symptoms and are a major cause of morbidity in asthma patients, largely due to the unpredictability of their onset. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between changes in acoustic features of inhaler inhalations and changes in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) that occur during a simulated exacerbation, a bronchial challenge test (BCT)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265153/comparison-of-differences-in-respiratory-function-and-pressure-as-a-predominant-abnormal-movement-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Hae-Yeon Kwon
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine differences in respiratory function and pressure among three groups of children with cerebral palsy as a predominant abnormal movement which included spastic type, dyskinetic type, and ataxic type. [Subjects and Methods] Forty-three children with cerebral palsy of 5-13 years of age in I-III levels according to the Gross Motor Function Classification System, the study subjects were divided by stratified random sampling into three groups of spastic type, dyskinetic type, and ataxic type...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264672/reference-equations-for-spirometric-indices-from-a-sample-of-the-general-adult-population-in-nigeria
#17
Ademola Emmanuel Fawibe, Louis O Odeigah, Mohammed J Saka
BACKGROUND: The increasing importance of pulmonary function testing in diagnosing and managing lung diseases and assessing improvement has necessitated the need for locally derived reference equations from a sample of the general Nigerian population. METHODS: It was a cross sectional study in which we used linear regression models to obtain equations for reference values and lower limits of normal for spirometric indices in adult Nigerians from a sample of the general population aged 18-65 years (males) and 18-63 years (females)...
March 6, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263662/illness-experience-self-determination-and-recreational-activities-in-pediatric-asthma
#18
Peter M Bingham, Ian Crane, Sarah Waterman Manning
Although asthma self-management depends on ongoing and accurate self-assessment by the patient, pediatric asthma patients have weak skills in the area of symptom perception. Before developing an asthma game targeted to improving asthma self-management and improved symptom awareness, we sought to identify gaps in existing games. To clarify the role of relatedness and autonomy in asthma health game design, we investigated symptom awareness, vocabulary, and self-determination through a series of semi-structured interviews with children suffering from asthma...
March 6, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246308/use-of-cough-peak-flow-measured-by-a-ventilator-to-predict-re-intubation-when-a-spirometer-is-unavailable
#19
Linfu Bai, Jun Duan
BACKGROUND: A ventilator includes the function to measure flow velocity. We aimed to compare the predictive accuracy for re-intubation diagnosed by cough peak flow (CPF) measured by a spirometer and a ventilator. METHODS: Endotracheally intubated subjects who passed a spontaneous breathing trial were enrolled. Before extubation, CPF was measured by a spirometer and a ventilator, respectively. Re-intubation was recorded at 72 h after extubation. RESULTS: A total of 126 subjects were enrolled...
May 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227330/changes-in-inhaler-inhalation-acoustic-features-during-induced-bronchoconstriction-a-pilot-study
#20
Thomas A McCartan, Terence E Taylor, Imran Sulaiman, Richard W Costello, Richard B Reilly, Thomas A McCartan, Terence E Taylor, Imran Sulaiman, Richard W Costello, Richard B Reilly, Richard B Reilly, Thomas A McCartan, Terence E Taylor, Imran Sulaiman, Richard W Costello
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease affecting millions of people worldwide, and is consequently a major issue for global health. Exacerbations are acute events involving the worsening of asthma's primary respiratory symptoms and are a major cause of morbidity in asthma patients, largely due to the unpredictability of their onset. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between changes in acoustic features of inhaler inhalations and changes in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) that occur during a simulated exacerbation, a bronchial challenge test (BCT)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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