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Rectal surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934761/comparison-between-mri-and-pathology-in-the-assessment-of-tumour-regression-grade-in-rectal-cancer
#1
Francesco Sclafani, Gina Brown, David Cunningham, Andrew Wotherspoon, Larissa Sena Teixeira Mendes, Svetlana Balyasnikova, Jessica Evans, Clare Peckitt, Ruwaida Begum, Diana Tait, Josep Tabernero, Bengt Glimelius, Susana Roselló, Janet Thomas, Jacqui Oates, Ian Chau
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist regarding the correlation between MRI tumour regression grade (mrTRG) and pathological TRG (pTRG) in rectal cancer. METHODS: mrTRG and pTRG were compared in rectal cancer patients from two phase II trials (EXPERT and EXPERT-C). The agreement between radiologist and pathologist was assessed with the weighted κ test while the Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate survival outcomes. RESULTS: One hundred ninety-one patients were included...
September 21, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932724/colorectal-perforation-after-anorectal-manometry-for-low-anterior-resection-syndrome
#2
Kyung Ha Lee, Ji Yeon Kim, Young Hoon Sul
We experienced 3 cases of manometry-induced colon perforation. A 75-year-old man (case 1) underwent anorectal manometry (ARM) 3 years after radiotherapy for prostate cancer and a laparoscopic intersphincteric resection for rectal cancer. A 70-year-old man (case 2) underwent ARM 3 months after conventional neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and a laparoscopic low anterior resection for rectal cancer. A 78-year-old man (case 3) underwent ARM 2 months after a laparoscopic intersphincteric resection for rectal cancer...
August 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931290/-obstructed-defecation-syndrome-review-article
#3
L Sákra, J Šiller
INTRODUCTION: Obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) is one of the main causes of primary constipation. It is caused by anatomical disorders in the pelvic floor region (rectocoele, en-terocoele, rectal intussusception, rectal prolapse), but it always occurs in combination with a functional defect of defecation. This review provides a comprehensive view of the diagnosis and treatment of the syndrome. METHOD: Treatment may be conservative or surgical. Conservative treatment involves a complex of approaches to the practice of defecation, regime and dietary measures together with pelvic floor rehabilitation and psychological support...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931184/-modern-interdisciplinary-management-of-a-uretero-iliac-artery-fistula-case-report
#4
D Benedix, F Meyer, F Fischbach, A Janitzky, Z Halloul
Introduction Abnormal links between the arterial system and other luminal systems are a challenge to those in charge of their adequate diagnostic and therapeutic management. Objective Scientific case report on an individual who underwent successful treatment combining vascular-surgical and interventional radiology techniques for a rare right uretero-iliac artery fistula based on personal clinical experience, a selective literature research and a detailed discussion of current recommendations for diagnostic workup and subsequent treatment...
September 20, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930958/perioperative-use-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-the-risk-of-anastomotic-failure-in-emergency-general-surgery
#5
Nadeem N Haddad, Brandon R Bruns, Toby M Enniss, David Turay, Joseph V Sakran, Alisan Fathalizadeh, Kristen Arnold, Jason S Murry, Matthew M Carrick, Matthew C Hernandez, Margaret H Lauerman, Asad J Choudhry, David S Morris, Jose J Diaz, Herb A Phelan, Martin D Zielinski
BACKGROUND: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used analgesic and anti-inflammatory adjuncts. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug administration may potentially increase the risk of postoperative gastrointestinal anastomotic failure (AF). We aim to determine if perioperative NSAID utilization influences gastrointestinal AF in emergency general surgery (EGS) patients undergoing gastrointestinal resection and anastomosis. METHODS: Post hoc analysis of a multi-institutional prospectively collected database was performed...
October 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926174/position-statement-by-the-pelvic-floor-society-on-behalf-of-the-association-of-coloproctology-of-great-britain-and-ireland-on-the-use-of-mesh-in-ventral-mesh-rectopexy-vmr
#6
M A Mercer-Jones, S R Brown, C H Knowles, A B Williams
The following position statement forms part of a response to the current concerns regarding use of mesh to perform rectal prolapse surgery. It highlights the actions being pursued by The Pelvic Floor Society (TPFS) regarding clinical governance in relation to ventral mesh rectopexy (VMR). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
September 19, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925783/laparoscopic-assisted-resection-for-advanced-colorectal-cancer-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#7
Ze-Nan Xia, Rui Hou, Wei Zhu, Ru Yao, Zhao Lu, Hui-Zhong Qiu, Guo-Le Lin
AIM: To evaluate the feasibility, short- and long-term outcomes, and safety of laparoscopic resection for advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) in solid organ transplant recipients. METHODS: Between September 2001 and April 2016, five patients who underwent laparoscopic-assisted resection for CRC after solid organ transplantation were included in this study. Their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed with regard to patient demographics, immunosuppressive therapy, tumor characteristics, surgical outcomes, and follow-up data...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925488/rectal-urinary-toxicity-after-hypofractionated-vs-conventional-radiotherapy-in-high-risk-prostate-cancer-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
R Di Franco, V Borzillo, V Ravo, G Ametrano, F Cammarota, S Rossetti, F J Romano, C D'Aniello, C Cavaliere, G Iovane, M A Porricelli, M Muto, M Berretta, G Facchini, P Muto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our report was to review the literature concerning the toxicity of radiation therapy in patients treated for high-risk prostate cancer, and to evaluate the differences in toxicity between conventional fractionation and hypofractionated treatments, in view of different techniques used in high-risk prostate cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed database has been explored for studies concerning acute and late urinary/gastrointestinal toxicity in high-risk prostate cancer patients treated with radiotherapy...
August 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924967/postoperative-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer-the-sooner-the-better-and-potential-to-reduce-toxicity-even-further
#9
Paolo Borghetti, Luigi Spiazzi, Claudia Cozzaglio, Sara Pedretti, Bruno Caraffini, Luca Triggiani, Diana Greco, Lilia Bardoscia, Fernando Barbera, Michela Buglione, Stefano Maria Magrini
PURPOSE: To evaluate biochemical relapse-free survival (bRFS), overall survival (OS), late rectal and bladder toxicities in a retrospective single institution series, also applying an in-house software for biological dose calculation. METHODS: 258 patients submitted to radiotherapy after prostatectomy were considered. Differences between groups were calculated using the log-rank test and the relevant clinical and therapeutic variables were considered for multivariate analysis...
September 18, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924962/the-impact-of-tumour-distance-from-the-anal-verge-on-clinical-management-and-outcomes-in-patients-having-a-curative-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#10
Muhammad Amir Saeed Khan, Chin W Ang, Abdul Rahman Hakeem, Nigel Scott, Rick Nigel Saunders, Ian Botterill
AIM: The clinico-oncological significance of the distance of rectal cancer from the anal verge is unclear and not well reported. The aim of this study is to assess the influence of the rectal cancer distance from the anal verge on clinical management and long-term outcomes after curative resection in a specialised colorectal cancer unit. METHODS: Prospectively collected data on patients who underwent primary rectal cancer treatment at our unit between January 2005 and December 2010 were analysed...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924845/inspection-of-perirectal-lymph-nodes-by-one-step-nucleic-acid-amplification-predicts-lateral-lymph-node-metastasis-in-advanced-rectal-cancer
#11
Yuichiro Miyake, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Taishi Hata, Hidekazu Takahashi, Hiroyuki Hanada, Hiroki Shoji, Masatoshi Nomura, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Junichi Nishimura, Chu Matsuda, Ichiro Takemasa, Yuichiro Doki, Ikuhiro Maeda, Masaki Mori, Hirofumi Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) is performed for advanced rectal cancers in Japan; however, it can cause sexual and urinary dysfunction. The incidence of lateral LN metastasis is estimated at 7-13.9%; therefore, excessive rectal surgery with LLND should be avoided, especially for prophylactic purposes. To identify the patients who require LLND, we examined metastases in perirectal LNs by using a one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) assay to predict lateral LN metastases...
September 18, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924067/-neurosurgical-outcomes-of-intradural-extramedullary-spinal-tumors-in-97-cases-siberian-experience
#12
Vadim Anatolyevich Byvaltsev, Bair Batiyevich Damdinov, Evgenii Georgiyevich Belykh, Kristina Olegovna Ivanova, Vladimir Alekseevich Sorokovikov, Kenzo Tsunetoshi, Ryuhei Kitai, Kenichiro Kikuta
We retrospectively investigated the clinical presentation and outcome of patients with spinal intradural extramedullary tumors, which had been surgically treated. A total of 97 consecutive patients(32 males and 65 females;mean age, 48 years;range, 17-79 years)underwent surgery between 2004 and 2014 at Irkutsk State Medical Academy and affiliated hospitals. To determine presentation and outcomes associated with these tumors, we evaluated the waiting period before surgery, neurological symptoms including motor, sensory, urinary, and rectal dysfunction, modified McCormick scale, Macnab's outcome assessment of patient satisfaction, surgical procedure, tumor location, and histological diagnosis...
September 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923225/randomized-clinical-trials-in-colon-and-rectal-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Atif Iqbal, Thomas J George
Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment for colon and rectal cancers. Colon cancer outcomes have improved with laparoscopic techniques, enhanced recovery pathways, and adjuvant chemotherapy. Adjuvant 5-fluorouracil with or without oxaliplatin in stage III and possibly high-risk stage II colon cancer is associated with improved survival. Multimodality management of rectal cancer continues to evolve; total mesorectal excision is the cornerstone. Oncologic results do not support the use of laparoscopic resection in rectal cancer...
October 2017: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922706/functional-outcome-of-low-rectal-resection-evaluated-by-anorectal-manometry
#14
Peter Ihnát, Petr Vávra, Jiří Prokop, Anton Pelikán, Lucia Ihnát Rudinská, Igor Penka
BACKGROUND: Low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) covers disordered bowel function after rectal resection, leading to deterioration in patients' quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate anorectal function after laparoscopic low anterior resection (LAR) by means of standardized instruments. METHODS: This was a prospective clinical cohort study conducted in a single institution to assess functional outcome of patients 1 year after laparoscopic LAR by means of LARS score and high-resolution anorectal manometry...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920660/practice-changes-for-reducing-utis-in-colon-and-rectal-surgery-patients
#15
Mary Ward, Deborah Nagle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919097/j-pouch-vs-side-to-end-anastomosis-after-hand-assisted-laparoscopic-low-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer-a-prospective-randomized-trial-on-short-and-long-term-outcomes-including-life-quality-and-functional-results
#16
Nuri Okkabaz, Mustafa Haksal, Ali Emre Atici, Yunus Emre Altuntas, Ersin Gundogan, Fazli Cem Gezen, Mustafa Oncel
PURPOSE: To analyze the outcomes of j-pouch and side-to-end anastomosis in rectal cancer patients treated with laparoscopic hand-assisted low anterior resection. METHODS: Prospective trial on cases randomized to have a colonic j-pouch or a side-to-end anastomosis after low anterior resection. Demographics, characteristics of disease and treatment, perioperative results, and functional outcomes and life quality were compared between the groups. RESULTS: Seventy four patients were randomized...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917020/predicting-opportunities-to-increase-utilization-of-laparoscopy-for-rectal-cancer
#17
Deborah S Keller, Jiejing Qiu, Anthony J Senagore
BACKGROUND: Despite proven safety and efficacy, rates of laparoscopy for rectal cancer in the US are low. With reports of inferiority with laparoscopy compared to open surgery, and movements to develop accredited centers, investigating utilization and predictors of laparoscopy are warranted. Our goal was to evaluate current utilization and identify factors impacting use of laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer. METHODS: The Premier™ Hospital Database was reviewed for elective inpatient rectal cancer resections (1/1/2010-6/30/2015)...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916971/emergency-room-visits-and-readmissions-following-implementation-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-ieras-program
#18
Trevor Wood, Mary-Anne Aarts, Allan Okrainec, Emily Pearsall, J Charles Victor, Marg McKenzie, Ori Rotstein, Robin S McLeod
BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) guidelines have been widely promoted and supported largely due to several studies showing decreased post-operative complications and length of stay. The objective of this study was to review the emergency room (ER) visits and readmission rates and reasons for both in patients who were part of the Implementation of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (iERAS) program for colorectal surgery. METHODS: All patients having elective colorectal surgery at 15 academic hospitals were enrolled in the iERAS program...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916892/precision-in-robotic-rectal-surgery-using-the-da-vinci-xi-system-and-integrated-table-motion-a-technical-note
#19
Sofoklis Panteleimonitis, Mick Harper, Stuart Hall, Nuno Figueiredo, Tahseen Qureshi, Amjad Parvaiz
Robotic rectal surgery is becoming increasingly more popular among colorectal surgeons. However, time spent on robotic platform docking, arm clashing and undocking of the platform during the procedure are factors that surgeons often find cumbersome and time consuming. The newest surgical platform, the da Vinci Xi, coupled with integrated table motion can help to overcome these problems. This technical note aims to describe a standardised operative technique of single docking robotic rectal surgery using the da Vinci Xi system and integrated table motion...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916861/predictors-of-adherence-to-enhanced-recovery-pathway-elements-after-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#20
Juan Mata, Julio F Fiore, Nicolo Pecorelli, Barry L Stein, Sender Liberman, Patrick Charlebois, Liane S Feldman
INTRODUCTION: Enhanced recovery pathways (ERP) include a bundle of evidence-based preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative interventions that together reduce morbidity and length of stay after colorectal surgery. Increased adherence with the bundle is associated with better postoperative outcomes, but adherence is lowest in the postoperative period. Identifying risk factors for lower adherence may help design quality improvement strategies. The aim of this study was to estimate the extent to which patient, procedural, and organizational factors predict adherence to postoperative ERP elements in laparoscopic colorectal surgery...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
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