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Hyperkalemia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317633/nicorandil-induced-hyperkalemia-in-a-hemodialysis-patient
#1
Hsiu-Ting Chen, Yu-Te Wu, Wu-Chang Yang, Der-Cherng Tarng, Chih-Ching Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314851/electrophysiology-of-hypokalemia-and-hyperkalemia
#2
James N Weiss, Zhilin Qu, Kalyanam Shivkumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299402/comparative-analysis-of-three-drug-drug-interaction-screening-systems-against-probable-clinically-relevant-drug-drug-interactions-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Neža Muhič, Ales Mrhar, Miran Brvar
PURPOSE: Drug-drug interaction (DDI) screening systems report potential DDIs. This study aimed to find the prevalence of probable DDI-related adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and compare the clinical usefulness of different DDI screening systems to prevent or warn against these ADRs. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in patients urgently admitted to medical departments. Potential DDIs were checked using Complete Drug Interaction®, Lexicomp® Online™, and Drug Interaction Checker®...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290795/-a-breakthrough-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-the-clinical-significance-of-the-paradigm-hf-trial
#4
Zh D Kobalava, S V Villevalde, O I Lukina
The implementation into clinical practice of new therapeutic strategies that could improve the prognosis of patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) remains relevant. Innovative approach is to restore imbalances of neurohumoral systems by inhibiting angiotensin II receptor and neprilysin. The review presents the role of the natriuretic peptides system in the HFrEF pathophysiology, historical approaches to neurohormonal modulation, clinical pharmacology of the first in the class of angiotensin receptor and neprilysin inhibitor sakubitril/valsartan...
February 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286812/20-day-trend-of-serum-potassium-changes-in-bam-earthquake-victims-with-crush-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Saeed Safari, Iraj Najafi, Mostafa Hosseini, Alireza Baratloo, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Hamidreza Mohammadi
INTRODUCTION: Many of those who survive following an earthquake die in the next phase due to preventable and treatable medical conditions such as hyperkalemia. The present study aimed to evaluate the trend of potassium changes in crush syndrome patients of Bam earthquake. METHODS: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, using the database of Bam earthquake victims, which were developed by Iranian Society of Nephrology following Bam earthquake, Iran, 2003, the 20-day trend of potassium changes in > 15 years old crush syndrome patients was evaluated...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286482/restoration-of-epithelial-sodium-channel-function-by-synthetic-peptides-in-pseudohypoaldosteronism-type-1b-mutants
#6
Anita Willam, Mohammed Aufy, Susan Tzotzos, Heinrich Evanzin, Sabine Chytracek, Sabrina Geppert, Bernhard Fischer, Hendrik Fischer, Helmut Pietschmann, Istvan Czikora, Rudolf Lucas, Rosa Lemmens-Gruber, Waheed Shabbir
The synthetically produced cyclic peptides solnatide (a.k.a. TIP or AP301) and its congener AP318, whose molecular structures mimic the lectin-like domain of human tumor necrosis factor (TNF), have been shown to activate the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) in various cell- and animal-based studies. Loss-of-ENaC-function leads to a rare, life-threatening, salt-wasting syndrome, pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1B (PHA1B), which presents with failure to thrive, dehydration, low blood pressure, anorexia and vomiting; hyperkalemia, hyponatremia and metabolic acidosis suggest hypoaldosteronism, but plasma aldosterone and renin activity are high...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284384/autosomal-dominant-tubulointerstitial-kidney-disease
#7
REVIEW
Anthony J Bleyer, Kendrah Kidd, Martina Živná, Stanislav Kmoch
There are 3 major forms of autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease (ADTKD): ADTKD due to UMOD mutations, MUC1 mutations, and mutations in the REN gene encoding renin. Lack of knowledge about these conditions contributes to frequent nondiagnosis, but with even limited knowledge, nephrologists can easily obtain a diagnosis and improve patient care. There are 3 cardinal features of these disorders: (1) the conditions are inherited in an autosomal dominant manner and should be considered whenever both a parent and child suffer from kidney disease; the presence of even more affected family members provides further support...
March 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282296/herbal-and-dietary-supplements-related-to-diarrhea-and-acute-kidney-injury-a-case-report
#8
Suphamat Wanitsriphinyo, Mayuree Tangkiatkumjai
Background There is very little evidence relating to the association of herbal medicine with diarrhea and the development of acute kidney injury (AKI). This study reports a case of diarrhea-induced AKI, possibly related to an individual ingesting copious amounts of homemade mixed fruit and herb puree. Case presentation A 45-year-old Thai man with diabetes had diarrhea for 2 days, as a result of taking high amounts of a puree made up of eight mixed fruits and herbs over a 3-day period. He developed dehydration and stage 2 AKI, with a doubling of his serum creatinine...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282231/safety-of-benazepril-in-400-azotemic-and-110-non-azotemic-client-owned-cats-2001-2012
#9
Jennifer O Lavallee, Gary D Norsworthy, Carla L Huston, Dennis J Chew
This retrospective study examined cats after initiation of benazepril therapy to determine the frequency of systemic hypotension or elevations in serum creatinine and/or potassium. Medical records review identified azotemic and non-azotemic cats prescribed benazepril. Blood pressure was recorded at the first available time after initiation of therapy. No cats experienced documented systolic systemic hypotension (<90 mmHg). Serum creatinine, and potassium when available, were recorded at baseline and in time windows after initiation of treatment: 1-30 days and 31-60 days...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268226/hyperckemia-instead-of-hyperkalemia-in-chorea-acanthocytosis
#10
Adrian Danek, Ruth H Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264031/lower-serum-potassium-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-dialysis-patients-a-nationwide-prospective-observational-cohort-study-in-korea
#11
Sunhwa Lee, Eunjeong Kang, Kyung Don Yoo, Yunhee Choi, Dong Ki Kim, Kwon Wook Joo, Seung Hee Yang, Yong-Lim Kim, Shin-Wook Kang, Chul Woo Yang, Nam Ho Kim, Yon Su Kim, Hajeong Lee
BACKGROUND: Abnormal serum potassium concentration has been suggested as a risk factor for mortality in patients undergoing dialysis patients. We investigated the impact of serum potassium levels on survival according to dialysis modality. METHODS: A nationwide, prospective, observational cohort study for end stage renal disease patients has been ongoing in Korea since August 2008. Our analysis included patients whose records contained data regarding serum potassium levels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261507/endoscopic-appearance-of-oropharyngeal-and-upper-gi-kaposi-s-sarcoma-in-an-immunocompromised-patient
#12
Umar Darr, Anas Renno, Zubair Khan, Turki Alkully, Maitham A Moslim, Sehrish Kamal, Ali Nawras
Introduction. Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) usually manifests as a cutaneous disease but GI manifestation is often rare. It is associated with human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8) and seen in immunocompromised patients. In the USA, use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has drastically reduced incidence of KS in HIV patients. Case Presentation. A 65-year-old male with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with cardiopulmonary arrest secondary to hyperkalemia of 7.5 meq/L...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249922/clinical-manifestation-and-molecular-analysis-of-three-korean-patients-with-the-renal-form-of-pseudohypoaldosteronism-type-1
#13
Hyo-Kyoung Nam, Myung-Hyun Nam, Hye Ryun Kim, Young-Jun Rhie, Kee Hwan Yoo, Kee-Hyoung Lee
Pseudohypoaldosteronism (PHA) type 1 is a rare, heterogeneous disease characterized by hyponatremia and hyperkalemia due to mineralocorticoid resistance. The clinical features of PHA are usually failure to thrive, vomiting, and dehydration in the neonatal period. Heterozygous mutations in the Nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group C, member 2 (NR3C2) gene result in the dominant renal form of PHA type 1. Mutations in the epithelial sodium channel gene result in the more severe, recessive, systemic form of PHA type 1...
January 2017: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245289/hypoglycemia-following-intravenous-insulin-plus-glucose-for-hyperkalemia-in-patients-with-impaired-renal-function
#14
Armando Coca, Ana Lucia Valencia, Jesus Bustamante, Alicia Mendiluce, Jürgen Floege
BACKGROUND: Hypoglycemia is a serious complication following the administration of insulin for hyperkalemia. We determined the incidence of hypoglycemia and severe hypoglycemia (blood glucose <70 or ≤40 mg/dl, respectively) in a cohort of AKI and non-dialysis dependent CKD patients who received an intravenous infusion of insulin plus glucose to treat hyperkalemia. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed charts of all AKI and non-dialysis dependent CKD patients who received 10 U of insulin plus 50 g glucose to treat hyperkalemia from December 1, 2013 to May 31, 2015 at our Department...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236964/wnk-kinases-in-development-and-disease
#15
Aylin R Rodan, Andreas Jenny
WNK (With-No-Lysine (K)) kinases are serine-threonine kinases characterized by an atypical placement of a catalytic lysine within the kinase domain. Mutations in human WNK1 or WNK4 cause an autosomal dominant syndrome of hypertension and hyperkalemia, reflecting the fact that WNK kinases are critical regulators of renal ion transport processes. Here, the role of WNKs in the regulation of ion transport processes in vertebrate and invertebrate renal function, cellular and organismal osmoregulation, and cell migration and cerebral edema will be reviewed, along with emerging literature demonstrating roles for WNKs in cardiovascular and neural development, Wnt signaling, and cancer...
2017: Current Topics in Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228795/bone-scintigraphy-of-severe-hypercalcemia-following-simvastatin-induced-rhabdomyolysis
#16
Zubair B Mirza, Sophia Hu, Louis F Amorosa
Simvastatin induced rhabdomyolysis with renal failure is a well reported clinical entity with hyperkalemia recognized as a life threatening risk. The risk of delayed hypercalcemia during the recovery of renal function is not well appreciated as this varies in severity and can be caused by multiple mechanisms. We present a patient with high dose simvastatin induced rhabdomyolysis leading to late onset of severe hypercalcemia due to calcium phosphate deposition in muscles diagnosed by distinctive bone scintigraphy...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222034/three-cases-of-gordon-syndrome-with-dominant-klhl3-mutations
#17
Ji Soo Park, Eujin Park, Hye Sun Hyun, Yo Han Ahn, Hee Gyung Kang, Il-Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong
BACKGROUND: Gordon syndrome (GS) is a rare form of monogenic hypertension characterized by low renin hypertension, hyperkalemia, hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, and normal glomerular filtration rate. To date, four genes causing GS have been identified as: WNK1, WNK4, CUL3, and KLHL3. CASE PRESENTATION: We report three cases of GS in two families. All patients presented with typical clinical features of GS and had a known dominant KLHL3 mutation. Oral thiazide treatment with low salt diet resulted in normalization of blood pressure and serum electrolytes in all three cases...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217070/hyperkalemia-caused-by-rapid-red-cell-transfusion-and-the-potassium-absorption-filter
#18
Yasuhiko Imashuku, Hirotoshi Kitagawa, Takayoshi Mizuno, Yutaka Fukushima
We report a case of transient hyperkalemia during hysterectomy after cesarean section, due to preoperatively undiagnosed placenta accreta that caused unforeseen massive hemorrhage and required rapid red cell transfusion. Hyperkalemia-induced by rapid red cell transfusion is a well-known severe complication of transfusion; however, in patients with sudden massive hemorrhage, rapid red cell transfusion is necessary to save their life. In such cases, it is extremely important to monitor serum potassium levels...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213863/hyperkalemia-is-associated-with-increased-30-day-mortality-in-hip-fracture-patients
#19
Debbie Norring-Agerskov, Christian Medom Madsen, Bo Abrahamsen, Troels Riis, Ole B Pedersen, Niklas Rye Jørgensen, Lise Bathum, Jes Bruun Lauritzen, Henrik L Jørgensen
Abnormal plasma concentrations of potassium in the form of hyper- and hypokalemia are frequent among hospitalized patients and have been linked to poor outcomes. In this study, we examined the prevalence of hypo- and hyperkalemia in patients admitted with a fractured hip as well as the association with 30-day mortality in these patients. A total of 7293 hip fracture patients (aged 60 years or above) with admission plasma potassium measurements were included. Data on comorbidity, medication, and death was retrieved from national registries...
February 17, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212180/advances-in-the-management-of-hyperkalemia-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Andrea C J Cowan, Elie G Gharib, Matthew A Weir
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an increased risk of hyperkalemia that increases both short-term and long-term mortality. Historically, managing hyperkalemia has relied upon dietary modifications, augmentation of urinary potassium excretion and enhanced enteral potassium elimination. This review discusses current treatments and their limitations and summarizes the evidence supporting novel agents for potassium lowering in patients with CKD. RECENT FINDINGS: The introduction of two novel ion exchange resins represents the first new pharmacologic therapies for hyperkalemia in the last 50 years...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
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