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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345161/caffeine-improves-triathlon-performance-a-field-study-in-males-and-females
#1
Sunita Potgieter, Hattie H Wright, Carine Smith
The ergogenic effect of caffeine on endurance exercise is commonly accepted. We aimed to elucidate realistically the effect of caffeine on triathlon event performance using a field study design, while allowing investigation into potential mechanisms at play. A double-blind, randomized, crossover, field trial was conducted. Twenty-six triathletes (14 males, 12 females) participated (age: 37.8±10.6 years, habitual caffeine intake: 413±505 mg/day, percentage body fat: 14.5±7.2%, training/week: 12.8±4.5 hours)...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343929/yoga-offers-cardiovascular-protection-in-early-postmenopausal-women
#2
Sinha M Praveena, Gandhi Asha, Mondal Sunita, Jain Anju, Biswas Ratna
Context: Postmenopause, an estrogen deficient state comes with increased incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Yoga has been described as having a beneficial effect on heart rate variability (HRV), a marker for cardiac autonomic activity which can assess cardiovascular risk, in various populations. Aim: the aim of the study was to study the effect of 3-month long Yoga practice on HRV in early postmenopausal women. Settings and Design: A prospective longitudinal study of 67 women within 5 years of menopause between 45 and 60 years of age attending menopause clinic of Department of Gynaecology, Sucheta Kriplani Hospital fulfilling inclusion and exclusion criteria and consenting were enrolled for the study...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343904/medical-council-of-india-s-amended-qualifications-for-indian-medical-teachers-well-intended-yet-half-hearted
#3
EDITORIAL
Sunita V S Bandewar, Amita Aggarwal, Rajeev Kumar, Rakesh Aggarwal, Peush Sahni, Sanjay A Pai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338572/implementation-of-additional-prescribing-authorization-among-oncology-pharmacists-in-alberta
#4
Bianca Au, Deonne Dersch-Mills, Sunita Ghosh, Jennifer Jupp, Carole Chambers, Frances Cusano, Melanie Danilak
Purpose To describe the practice settings and prescribing practices of oncology pharmacists with additional prescribing authorization. Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional survey of all oncology pharmacists in Alberta was conducted using a web-based questionnaire over four weeks between March and April 2016. Pharmacists were identified from the Cancer Services Pharmacy Directory and leadership staff in Alberta Health Services. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the practice setting, prescribing practices, motivators to apply for additional prescribing authorization, and the facilitators and barriers of prescribing...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336125/association-of-chronic-subjective-tinnitus-with-neuro-cognitive-performance
#5
Sunita Gudwani, Sanjay K Munjal, Naresh K Panda, Adarsh Kohli
INTRODUCTION: Chronic subjective tinnitus is associated with cognitive disruptions affecting perception, thinking, language, reasoning, problem solving, memory, visual tasks (reading) and attention. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate existence of any association between tinnitus parameters and neuropsychological performance to explain cognitive processing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design was prospective, consisting 25 patients with idiopathic chronic subjective tinnitus and gave informed consent before planning their treatment...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333042/gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-profiling-in-methanolic-and-ethyl-acetate-root-and-stem-extract-of-corbichonia-decumbens-forssk-exell-from-thar-desert-of-rajasthan-india
#6
Sunita Arora, Manju Saini
Background: Corbichonia decumbens (Forssk.) Exell (Molluginaceae), recently has moved to Lophiocarpaceae as per angiospermic plant group (APG) III system, is an annual or short-lived, dwarf, glabrous subshrub, prefers to grow on rocky places and on sand-stones in dry, hot areas of Rajasthan. This is the potential plant with medicinal properties. Vegetative organs under study show antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiulcer, antimicrobial, and antinociception activity. Objective: This study was carried out to identify the phytoconstituents present in the methanolic and ethyl-acetate extract of root and stem of C...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320539/the-impact-of-electronic-consultation-on-a-canadian-tertiary-care-pediatric-specialty-referral-system-a-prospective-single-center-observational-study
#7
Lillian Lai, Clare Liddy, Erin Keely, Amir Afkham, Julia Kurzawa, Nishard Abdeen, Tobey Audcent, Matthew Bromwich, Jason Brophy, Sasha Carsen, Annick Fournier, Leigh Fraser-Roberts, Hazen Gandy, Charles Hui, Donna Johnston, Kathryn Keely, Ken Kontio, Christine Lamontagne, Nathalie Major, Michael O'Connor, Dhenuka Radhakrishnan, Joe Reisman, Marjorie Robb, Lindy Samson, Erick Sell, William Splinter, Judy van Stralen, Sunita Venkateswaran, Kimmo Murto
BACKGROUND: Champlain BASE™ (Building Access to Specialists through eConsultation) is a web-based asynchronous electronic communication service that allows primary-care- practitioners (PCPs) to submit "elective" clinical questions to a specialist. For adults, PCPs have reported improved access and timeliness to specialist advice, averted face-to-face specialist referrals in up to 40% of cases and high provider satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the expansion of eConsult to a pediatric setting would result in similar measures of improved healthcare system process and high provider acceptance reported in adults...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315841/electron-transfer-directed-antibacterial-properties-of-graphene-oxide-on-metals
#8
Sunita Panda, Tapan K Rout, Agnish Dev Prusty, Pulickel M Ajayan, Sasmita Nayak
Nanomaterials such as silver nanoparticles and graphene-based composites are known to exhibit biocidal activities. However, interactions with surrounding medium or supporting substrates can significantly influence this activity. Here, it is shown that superior antimicrobial properties of natural shellac-derived graphene oxide (GO) coatings is obtained on metallic films, such as Zn, Ni, Sn, and steel. It is also found that such activities are directly correlated to the electrical conductivity of the GO-metal systems; the higher the conductivity the better is the antibacterial activity...
January 8, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309627/functional-defects-from-endocrine-disease-associated-mutations-in-hlxb9-and-its-interacting-partner-nono
#9
Sampada S Kharade, Vaishali I Parekh, Sunita K Agarwal
The insulin-secreting pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs), insulinomas, characterized by increased pancreatic islet β-cell proliferation express the phosphorylated isoform of the β-cell differentiation factor HLXB9 that interacts with NONO/p54NRB, a survival factor. Interestingly, two different homozygous germline mutations in HLXB9, p.F248L and p.F272L, were reported in neonatal diabetes, a condition characterized by inadequate number of functional β-cells. Also, two somatic heterozygous NONO mutations were found in endocrine-related tumors, p...
January 4, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309266/radiation-induced-long-noncoding-rnas-in-a-mouse-model-after-whole-body-irradiation
#10
Molykutty J Aryankalayil, Sunita Chopra, Joel Levin, Iris Eke, Adeola Makinde, Shaoli Das, Uma Shankavaram, Claire Vanpouille-Box, Sandra Demaria, C Norman Coleman
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as key molecules in regulating many biological processes and have been implicated in development and disease pathogenesis. Biomarkers of cancer and normal tissue response to treatment are of great interest in precision medicine, as well as in public health and medical management, such as for assessment of radiation injury after an accidental or intentional exposure. Circulating and functional RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs) and lncRNAs, in whole blood and other body fluids are potential valuable candidates as biomarkers...
January 8, 2018: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307416/strategies-for-success-in-fellowship
#11
Rendell W Ashton, Kristin M Burkart, Peter H Lenz, Sunita Kumar, Jennifer W McCallister
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287278/improving-methane-yield-and-quality-via-co-digestion-of-cow-dung-mixed-with-food-waste
#12
Sanjeev Kumar Awasthi, Rutu Joshi, Hiya Dhar, Shivpal Verma, Mukesh Kumar Awasthi, Sunita Varjani, Surendra Sarsaiya, Zengqiang Zhang, Sunil Kumar
Methane (CH4) production and quality were enhanced by the co-digestion of cow dung and food waste (FW) mixed with organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) under optimized conditions in bench and semi continuous-scale mode for a period of 30 days. A bacterium capable of high yield of CH4 was enriched and isolated by employing activated sewage sludge as the inoculums. The thirteen bacterial isolates were identified through morphological and biochemical tests. Gas chromatography was used to analyze the chemical compositions of the generated biogas...
December 22, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287144/enhanced-biopharmaceutical-performance-of-rivaroxaban-through-polymeric-amorphous-solid-dispersion
#13
Sunita Metre, Sumit Mukesh, Sanjaya K Samal, Mahesh Chand, Abhay T Sangamwar
Rivaroxaban (RXB) is an orally active direct inhibitor of the activated serine protease Factor Xa, given as monotherapy in the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE). It has been characterized in-vitro as a substrate for the active, non-saturable efflux via P-gp transporter, limiting its high permeability. Therefore, role of P-gp inhibiting polymers in enhancing the biopharmaceutical performance of RXB by preparing polymeric amorphous solid dispersion and subsequent improvement in solubility and permeability was investigated...
December 29, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284762/medical-council-of-india-s-amended-qualifications-for-indian-medical-teachers-well-intended-yet-half-hearted
#14
Sunita V S Bandewar, Amita Aggarwal, Rajeev Kumar, Rakesh Aggarwal, Peush C Sahni, Sanjay A Pai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274594/prospective-cohort-study-on-noise-levels-in-a-pediatric-cardiac-intensive-care-unit
#15
Gonzalo Garcia Guerra, Ari R Joffe, Cathy Sheppard, Jodie Pugh, Elham Khodayari Moez, Irina A Dinu, Hsing Jou, Lisa Hartling, Sunita Vohra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259053/primary-outcomes-reporting-in-trials-of-paediatric-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#16
Samaneh Khanpour Ardestani, Mohammad Karkhaneh, Hai Chuan Yu, Muhammad Zafar Iqbal Hydrie, Sunita Vohra
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to systematically review randomised clinical trials (RCTs) of paediatric type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) to assess reporting of (1) primary outcome, (2) outcome measurement properties and (3) presence or absence of adverse events. METHODS: Electronic searches in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane SR and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) databases were undertaken. The search period was between 2001 and 2017. English-language RCTs on children younger than 21 years with T1DM were selected...
December 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246124/transcriptome-analysis-of-genes-associated-with-breast-cancer-cell-motility-in-response-to-artemisinin-treatment
#17
Kanchan Kumari, Sunita Keshari, Debomita Sengupta, Surendra C Sabat, Sandip K Mishra
BACKGROUND: Well-known anti-malarial drug artemisinin exhibits potent anti-cancerous activities. In-vivo and in-vitro studies showed its anti-tumor and immunomodulatory properties signifying it as a potent drug candidate for study. The studies of mechanisms of cell movement are relevant which can be understood by knowing the involvement of genes in an effect of a drug. Although cytotoxicity and anti-proliferative activity of artemisinin is evident, the genes participating in its anti-migratory and reduced invasive effect are not well studied...
December 15, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243325/camp-based-multi-component-intervention-for-families-of-young-children-with-type-1-diabetes-a-pilot-and-feasibility-study
#18
Olga T Gupta, Marsha MacKenzie, Angie Burris, Bonnie B Jenkins, Nikki Collins, Molly Shade, Eileen Santa-Sosa, Sunita M Stewart, Perrin C White
BACKGROUND: Managing type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in preschool-aged children has unique challenges that can negatively impact glycemic control and parental coping. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a camp-based multi-component intervention on glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in young children with T1DM and psychosocial measures for their parents. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two separate cohorts of 18 children (ages 3-5 years) and their families participated in a camp-based intervention that included didactic and interactive parent education, child-centered education and family-based recreational activities...
December 15, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243216/lipid-a-adjuvanted-chylomicron-mimicking-solid-fat-nanoemulsions-for-immunization-against-hepatitis-b
#19
Sunita Minz, Ravi Shankar Pandey
Traditional parenteral recombinant hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccines have effectively reduced the disease burden despite being able to induce seroprotective antibody titers in 5-10% vaccinated individuals (non-responders). Moreover, an estimated 340 million chronic HBV cases are in need of treatment. Development of safe, stable, and more effective hepatitis B vaccine formulation would address these challenges. Recombinant hepatitis B surface antigen (rHBsAg) entrapped solid fat nanoemulsions (SFNs) containing monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA) that was prepared and optimized by quality by design (QbD) using response surface methodology (RSM), i...
December 14, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240551/time-varying-effects-of-parental-alcoholism-on-depression
#20
Sunita Thapa, Arielle S Selya, Yvonne Jonk
INTRODUCTION: Children of alcoholic parents are at increased risk for lifetime depression. However, little is known about how this risk may change in magnitude across age, especially in mid-adulthood and beyond. METHODS: We used a nationally representative sample (N = 36,057) of US adults from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, wave III. After adjusting for demographic characteristics, we examined the relationship between parental alcoholism and outcomes of 1) major depressive disorder, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th edition (DSM-5) and 2) DSM-5 persistent depressive disorder...
December 14, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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