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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633656/children-s-physical-activity-during-a-segmented-school-week-results-from-a-quasi-experimental-education-outside-the-classroom-intervention
#1
Mikkel Bo Schneller, Jasper Schipperijn, Glen Nielsen, Peter Bentsen
BACKGROUND: Movement integration (MI) into traditional classroom teaching is a promising opportunity for children to increase physical activity (PA). Education outside the classroom (EOtC) can be regarded as MI, and has increased children's PA in case studies. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of EOtC on children's PA by segmenting weekly activity-related behavior into a range of day types and domains. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental design, 33 classes were recruited and participants' PA was objectively measured using accelerometers taped to the lower back...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609252/fecal-microbiota-transplantation-in-metabolic-syndrome-history-present-and-future
#2
P F de Groot, M N Frissen, N C de Clercq, M Nieuwdorp
The history of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) dates back even to ancient China. Recently, scientific studies have been looking into FMT as a promising treatment of various diseases, while in the process teaching us about the interaction between the human host and its resident microbial communities. Current research focuses mainly on Clostridium difficile infections, however interest is rising in other areas such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and the metabolic syndrome. With regard to the latter, the intestinal microbiota might be causally related to the progression of insulin resistance and diabetes...
May 4, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607653/the-effect-of-a-self-care-program-based-on-the-teach-back-method-on-the-postpartum-quality-of-life
#3
Fatemeh Ghiasvand, Hedyeh Riazi, Sepideh Hajian, Elahe Kazemi, Armin Firoozi
BACKGROUND: The postpartum period is a critical stage of life with major changes in the quality of life. Therefore, special consideration is needed to this issue. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a self-care program based on the Teach Back method on the postpartum quality of life. METHODS: This experimental study was conducted on eighty postpartum women who had given birth in health centers across Darreh Shahr County, Ilam Province, Iran in 2016...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602826/an-alternative-didactic-functional-and-topographic-systematization-of-the-spinal-muscles
#4
Vivianne Izabelle de Araújo Baptista, William Paganini Mayer, Ricardo Eustáquio da Silva, Ricardo Bragança de Vasconcellos Fontes, Josemberg da Silva Baptista
Back muscles are commonly described in a topographically-oriented manner without necessarily following morphological criteria. In this manner, non-standard terms may be employed which convey incorrect morphological concepts and demanding more time from both faculty and students to transmit knowledge. We propose a classification system for spinal muscles incorporating morphological concepts with the goal of facilitating knowledge transfer and suggest the term "spinal muscles". Paraspinal muscles were systematically divided and classified in seven strata from anterior to posterior: vertebro-appendicular (VA), transversarium (Tr), deep post-transversarium (DPT), middle post-transversarium (MPT), superficial post-transversarium (SPT), deep spino-appendicular (DSA) and superficial spino-appendicular (SSA)...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598040/doing-the-research-that-informs-practice-a-retrospective-view-of-one-group-s-attempt-to-study-the-teaching-and-learning-of-organic-chemistry
#5
George M Bodner, Rob Ferguson, Selçuk Çalimsiz
The idea that the focus of educational research should be on results that can inform the practice of teaching has been an implicit assumption for so many years that one would be hard-pressed to trace it back to an individual source. At one time, the people doing such research in STEM disciplines were faculty in schools or colleges of education who focused on K-12 classrooms and looked for ideas, concepts, and principles that would be valid across a range of STEM disciplines. Eventually, this research was done on college- or university-level students, as well, and there was a shift toward what has been called discipline-based educational research (DBER) that looks at the problems associated with the teaching and learning of a given discipline, such as chemistry...
June 9, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585982/the-experience-of-teaching-online-in-nursing-education
#6
Elizabeth A Gazza
BACKGROUND: Online education has become a key instructional delivery method in nursing education; however, limited understanding exists about what it is like to teach online. The aim of this study was to uncover the experience of teaching online in nursing education. METHOD: The sample for this phenomenological study included 14 nursing faculty who completed at least 50% of their teaching workload assignment in fully online courses in baccalaureate, master's, or doctoral nursing programs...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557946/a-patient-centered-approach-to-developing-entrustable-professional-activities
#7
Carlos El-Haddad, Arvin Damodaran, H Patrick McNeil, Wendy Hu
PURPOSE: The medical education community is rapidly accepting the use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) as a means of assessing residents. Stakeholder engagement is advised in developing EPAs, but no studies have investigated the role of patient input. In this qualitative study, the authors investigated what patient input may add to designing a patient-centered EPA. METHOD: The authors chose "management of acute low back pain (LBP)" as a common, important clinical task on which to base the patient-centered EPA...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549469/are-children-participating-in-a-quasi-experimental-education-outside-the-classroom-intervention-more-physically-active
#8
Mikkel Bo Schneller, Scott Duncan, Jasper Schipperijn, Glen Nielsen, Erik Mygind, Peter Bentsen
BACKGROUND: Education outside the classroom (EOtC) is a curriculum-based approach to teaching that has shown positive associations with children's physical activity and academic learning in small-scale case studies. The purpose of this large-scale quasi-experimental study was to determine if children who participate regularly in EOtC spend more time being physically active than children who do not. METHODS: In the 2014/2015 study TEACHOUT, classes were recruited in pairs such that each EOtC class had a non-EOtC comparison class at the same school and grade level...
May 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539538/exhausting-physicians-employed-in-hospitals-in-japan-assessed-by-a-health-questionnaire
#9
Shosuke Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: Japanese physicians employed and working in general hospitals have become busier since 2005, as they had to teach and guide the increased number of medical residents graduated from medical schools. Working hours and chronic fatigue of employed physicians were surveyed compared with independent physicians working in their own out-patient clinics and with usual employed men in Japan, and their mental health was assessed. METHODS: (1) 75 employed physicians in hospitals were surveyed of their working hours a week and compared with (2) 48 independent general practitioners (GP) who work in their own out-patient clinics...
May 25, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538446/coaching-the-debriefer-peer-coaching-to-improve-debriefing-quality-in-simulation-programs
#10
Adam Cheng, Vincent Grant, James Huffman, Gavin Burgess, Demian Szyld, Traci Robinson, Walter Eppich
Formal faculty development programs for simulation educators are costly and time-consuming. Peer coaching integrated into the teaching flow can enhance an educator's debriefing skills. We provide a practical guide for the who, what, when, where, why, and how of peer coaching for debriefing in simulation-based education. Peer coaching offers advantages such as psychological safety and team building, and it can benefit both the educator who is receiving feedback and the coach who is providing it. A feedback form for effective peer coaching includes the following: (1) psychological safety, (2) framework, (3) method/strategy, (4) content, (5) learner centeredness, (6) co-facilitation, (7) time management, (8) difficult situations, (9) debriefing adjuncts, and (10) individual style and experience...
May 20, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522667/baseline-survey-of-the-neuroradiology-work-environment-in-the-united-states-with-reported-trends-in-clinical-work-nonclinical-work-perceptions-of-trainees-and-burnout-metrics
#11
J Y Chen, F J Lexa
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neuroradiologists have faced continuously increasing clinical workloads. Our aim was to establish and report a baseline survey of the current neuroradiology work environment in the United States and of experiential changes in recent years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A voluntary survey was sent to practicing and out-of-training members of the American Society of Neuroradiology in the United States. Selected measures included workday volume and length, burnout symptoms, participation in academic and practice-building duties; effects on perceived interpretation quality, communication of abnormal results, and consideration of early retirement or career changes, among others...
May 18, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511894/incorporating-simulation-into-gynecologic-surgical%C3%A2-training
#12
REVIEW
Kyle Wohlrab, J Eric Jelovsek, Deborah Myers
Today's educational environment has made it more difficult to rely on the Halstedian model of "see one, do one, teach one" in gynecologic surgical training. There is decreased surgical volume, but an increased number of surgical modalities. Fortunately, surgical simulation has evolved to fill the educational void. Whether it is through skill generalization or skill transfer, surgical simulation has shifted learning from the operating room back to the classroom. This article explores the principles of surgical education and ways to introduce simulation as an adjunct to residency training...
May 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506977/development-of-a-medication-review-service-for-patients-with-enteral-tubes-in-a-community-teaching-hospital
#13
Tracey Li, Alison Eisenhart, Jennifer Costello
PURPOSE: The results of a study to develop a hospital-wide medication review service for patients with enteral tubes to improve patient safety are presented. SUMMARY: Inappropriate enteral administration of medications can result in occluded tubes, altered clinical response, and an increase in adverse effects. At Saint Barnabas Medical Center, a 600-bed community teaching hospital located in Livingston, New Jersey, a medication review service for patients with an enteral tube was developed...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488303/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-flipped-classrooms-in-medical-education
#14
REVIEW
Fei Chen, Angela M Lui, Susan M Martinelli
CONTEXT: There are inconsistent claims made about the effectiveness of the flipped classroom (FC) in medical education; however, the quality of the empirical evidence used to back up these claims is not evident. The aims of this review are to examine the scope and quality of studies on the FC teaching approach in medical education and to assess the effects of FCs on medical learning. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using the major electronic databases in 2016...
June 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465224/shoe-orthotics-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Jerrilyn A Cambron, Jennifer M Dexheimer, Manuel Duarte, Sally Freels
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of shoe orthotics with and without chiropractic treatment for chronic low back pain as compared to no treatment. DESIGN: Randomized Controlled Trial SETTING: An integrative medicine teaching clinic at a Midwestern university. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred and twenty-five adult subjects with symptomatic low back pain of 3 months or longer were recruited from a volunteer sample. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were randomized into one of three treatment groups (Orthotics, Plus, and Wait-list Groups)...
April 29, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460703/putting-the-family-back-in-the-center-a-teach-back-protocol-to-improve-communication-during-rounds-in-a-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#16
REVIEW
Terri L Bogue, Lynn Mohr
Patient- and family-centered care is endorsed by leading health care organizations. To incorporate the family in interdisciplinary rounds in the pediatric intensive care unit, it is necessary to prepare the family to be an integral member of the child's health care team. When the family is part of the health care team, interdisciplinary rounds ensure that the family understands the process of interdisciplinary rounds and that it is an integral part of the discussion. An evidence-based protocol to provide understanding and support to families related to interdisciplinary rounds has significant impact on satisfaction, trust, and patient outcomes...
June 2017: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458123/the-motivation-and-capacity-to-go-above-and-beyond-qualitative-analysis-of-free-text-survey-responses-in-the-m-ngo-randomised-controlled-trial-of-caseload-midwifery
#17
Jyai Allen, Sue Kildea, Donna L Hartz, Mark Tracy, Sally Tracy
OBJECTIVE: to explore whether women allocated to caseload care characterise their midwife differently to those allocated to standard care. DESIGN: multi-site unblinded, randomised, controlled, parallel-group trial. SETTING: the study was conducted in two metropolitan teaching hospitals across two Australian cities. POPULATION: women of all obstetric risk were eligible to participate. Inclusion criteria were: 18 years or older, less than 24 week's gestation with a singleton pregnancy...
March 29, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448392/a-retrospective-study-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-concentration-of-hypertonic-saline-on-efficacy-and-safety-of-epidural-adhesiolysis
#18
Eun Joo Choi, Yong Jae Yoo, Pyung Bok Lee, Yong-Chul Kim, Sang Chul Lee, Jee Youn Moon
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous epidural adhesiolysis (PEA) is a minimally invasive procedure that is performed to relieve low back and/or lower limb pain secondary to adhesions or scarring in the epidural space that is refractory to conservative treatment. The optimal concentration of hypertonic saline might be an important factor in the safety and efficacy of PEA. We evaluated differences in the efficacy and safety of 2 concentrations of hypertonic saline (5% and 10%) used in lumbar PEA at our institutions in a retrospective study...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439376/-back-to-bedside-residents-and-fellows-perspectives-on-finding-meaning-in-work
#19
Dustin M Hipp, Kristy L Rialon, Kathryn Nevel, Anai N Kothari, Lcdr Dinchen A Jardine
BACKGROUND: Physician burnout is common and associated with significant consequences for physicians and patients. One mechanism to combat burnout is to enhance meaning in work. OBJECTIVE: To provide a trainee perspective on how meaning in work can be enhanced in the clinical learning environment through individual, program, and institutional efforts. METHODS: "Back to Bedside" resulted from an appreciative inquiry exercise by 37 resident and fellow members of the ACGME's Council of Review Committee Residents (CRCR), which was guided by the memoir When Breath Becomes Air by Paul Kalanithi...
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418222/modified-loop-myopexy-technique-for-severe-high-myopic-strabismus-fixus
#20
Leilei Zou, Shuai Liu, Rui Liu, Jing Yao, Yan Liu, Jing Lin, Hong Liu
IMPORTANCE: This study introduces a modified loop myopexy technique for severe high myopic strabismus fixus. BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the surgical results of loop myopexy with or without medial rectus recession for the treatment of patients with myopic strabismus fixus. DESIGN: This is a retrospective study in a Chinese teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Data was collected from 25 myopic strabismus fixus patients (33 eyes) with restriction in both abduction and sursumduction...
April 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
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