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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925348/identification-with-terrorist-attack-victims-association-with-television-viewing-and-prior-life-threat
#1
Holly B Herberman Mash, Carol S Fullerton, K Nikki Benevides, Robert J Ursano
OBJECTIVE: A series of sniper attacks in the Washington, DC, area left 10 people dead and 3 wounded. We developed and tested a model that examined the unique and interdependent relationships of sniper-related television viewing, prior life-threatening events, and parental status to identification with attack victims. METHODS: Participants were 1238 residents of the DC area (aged 18-90 years, mean=41.7 years; 51% female; 68% white) who completed an online survey that assessed identification with sniper attack victims, amount of television viewing, and prior life-threatening events...
September 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925344/prehospital-response-time-delays-for-emergency-patients-in-events-of-concurrent-mass-casualty-incidents
#2
Jungeun Kim, Chu Hyun Kim, Sang Do Shin, Ju Ok Park
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the extent of delays in the response time of emergency medical services (EMS) as an impact of mass casualty incidences (MCIs) in the same area. METHODS: We defined an MCI case as an event that resulted in 6 or more patients being transported by EMS, and prehospital response time as the time from the call to arrival at the scene. We matched patients before and after MCIs by dividing them into categories of 3 hours before, 0-1 hour after, 1-2 hours after, and 2-3 hours after the MCIs...
September 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925342/a-study-of-selected-ethnic-affiliations-in-the-development-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-other-psychopathology-after-a-terrorist-bombing-in-nairobi-kenya
#3
Carol S North, Tatiana Dvorkina, Samuel Thielman, Betty Pfefferbaum, Pushpa Narayanan, David E Pollio
OBJECTIVES: Despite the frequency of disasters in Africa, almost nothing is known about ethnic affiliations in relation to psychopathology after such incidents. This study examined the mental health outcomes of members of 7 major ethnic groups exposed to the 1998 terrorist bombing of the US Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Approximately 8 to 10 months after the disaster, 229 civilian employees, 99 locally engaged staff workers of the US State Department and the US Agency for International Development, and 64 workers of the Kenyan Red Cross Society (total N=392) were assessed with the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition)...
September 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925296/vaccine-approaches-conferring-cross-protection-against-influenza-viruses
#4
Sai V Vemula, Ekramy E Sayedahmed, Suryaprakash Sambhara, Suresh K Mittal
Annual vaccination is one of the most efficient and cost-effective strategies to prevent and control influenza epidemics. Most of the currently available influenza vaccines are strong inducers of antibody responses against viral surface proteins, hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA), but are poor inducers of cell-mediated immune responses against conserved internal proteins. Moreover, due to the high variability of viral surface proteins because of antigenic drift or antigenic shift, many of the currently licensed vaccines confer little or no protection against drift or shift variants...
September 19, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922452/impact-of-an-educational-intervention-for-district-nurses-about-preparedness-to-encounter-women-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence
#5
Eva Sundborg, Lena Törnkvist, Per Wändell, Nouha Saleh-Stattin
AIM: To evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on the preparedness of district nurses at primary healthcare centres to encounter women exposed to intimate partner violence. METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN: An observational quasi-experimental study. Participants were divided into an intervention group (n = 117) and a control group (n = 204), both from the eastern part of Sweden. A group of nurses from across Sweden (the 'national group,' n = 217) was also recruited...
September 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920574/status-quality-and-specific-needs-of-zika-virus-zikv-diagnostic-capacity-and-capability-in-national-reference-laboratories-for-arboviruses-in-30-eu-eea-countries-may-2016
#6
Ramona Mögling, Hervé Zeller, Joana Revez, Marion Koopmans, Chantal Reusken
With international travel, Zika virus (ZIKV) is introduced to Europe regularly. A country's ability to robustly detect ZIKV introduction and local transmission is important to minimise the risk for a ZIKV outbreak. Therefore, sufficient expertise and diagnostic capacity and capability are required in European laboratories. To assess the capacity, quality, operational specifics (guidelines and algorithms), technical and interpretation issues and other possible difficulties that were related to ZIKV diagnostics in European countries, a questionnaire was conducted among national reference laboratories in 30 countries in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) in May 2016...
September 7, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918770/the-forgotten-need-of-disaster-relief
#7
Leonardo Tamariz, Cynthia Cely, Ana Palacio
Disasters in countries with limited resources can put the emergency preparedness of the country to the test. The first major task after a disaster is to take care of the wounded. In countries where the epidemiological transition has occurred, chronic disease can place a major strain on public health preparedness after a disaster. The purpose of this field report is to alert public health practitioners of an infrequently reported public health problem: the impact of natural disasters on adherence to chronic medications...
September 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918766/measuring-and-comparing-hospital-accessibility-for-palm-beach-county-s-elderly-and-nonelderly-populations-during-a-hurricane
#8
Shivangi Prasad
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether, during a hurricane, geographic accessibility to hospitals with emergency care is compromised disproportionately for the elderly than for the nonelderly. METHODS: The locations of hospitals with emergency health care and a subset of those hospitals functional during a hurricane were compared with the distribution of the elderly population at the block group level in Palm Beach County, Florida. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) proximity analysis (minimum distance to closest hospital) and cumulative distribution functions were used to measure and compare hospital accessibility during normal and hurricane conditions for the elderly and nonelderly populations...
September 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918763/identifying-factors-that-may-influence-decision-making-related-to-the-distribution-of-patients-during-a-mass-casualty-incident
#9
Trevor Nt Hall, Andrew McDonald, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify and seek agreement on factors that may influence decision-making related to the distribution of patients during a mass casualty incident. METHODS: A qualitative thematic analysis of a literature review identified 56 unique factors related to the distribution of patients in a mass casualty incident. A modified Delphi study was conducted and used purposive sampling to identify peer reviewers that had either (1) a peer-reviewed publication within the area of disaster management or (2) disaster management experience...
September 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914274/influenza-season-hospitalization-trends-in-israel-a-multi-year-comparative-analysis-2005-2006-through-2012-2013
#10
Aharona Glatman-Freedman, Zalman Kaufman, Yaniv Stein, Hanna Sefty, Hilla Zadka, Barak Gordon, Jill Meron, Ethel-Sherry Gordon, Rita Dichtiar, Ziona Haklai, Arnon Afek, Tamy Shohat
BACKGROUND: Influenza-related morbidity impacts healthcare systems, including hospitals. OBJECTIVE: To obtain a quantitative assessment of hospitalization burden in pediatric and internal medicine departments during influenza seasons compared with the summer months in Israel. METHODS: Data on pediatric and internal medicine hospitalized patients in general hospitals in Israel during the influenza seasons between 2005 and 2013 were analyzed for rate of hospitalizations, rate of hospitalization days, hospital length of stay (LOS), and bed occupancy and compared with the summer months...
September 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914224/rapid-risk-assessment-report-for-schistosomiasis-epidemic-in-jianli-county-caused-by-the-sunk-oriental-star-cruise-ship
#11
Ziling Ni, Xiaodong Tan, Bei Liu, Zhaoyu Ying, Xudong Gao, Fen Yang
BACKGROUND: At 9:28 pm on June 1, 2015, the cruise ship "Oriental Star" sank into Yangtze River in Jianli County, with 422 people killed. When the accident occurred, the Chinese government took immediate action and dispatched more than 9000 rescuers. The risk for outbreak of schistosomiasis was increased because of the shipwreck. Obviously it is critical to carry out risk assessment as soon as possible. METHODS: By means of the Delphi method, the situation was analyzed so that the government could fathom the severity of the accident...
September 15, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914119/building-on-mental-health-training-for-law-enforcement-strengthening-community-partnerships
#12
Jorien Campbell, Cyrus Ahalt, Randall Hagar, William Arroyo
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the current state of law enforcement training related to the high number of interactions with persons with mental illness, and to recommend next steps in preparing law enforcement to effectively meet this challenge. Design/methodology/approach The authors reviewed the current literature on relevant law enforcement training programs, focusing primarily on crisis intervention team (CIT) training, and used the case example of California to identify opportunities to improve and enhance law enforcement preparedness for the challenge of responding to persons with mental illness...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912218/science-of-preparedness
#13
EDITORIAL
Jeremy Berg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910509/the-experience-of-palliative-care-service-provision-for-people-with-non-malignant-respiratory-disease-and-their-family-carers-an-all-ireland-qualitative-study
#14
Clare Mc Veigh, Joanne Reid, Philip Larkin, Sam Porter, Peter Hudson
AIM: To explore specialist and generalist palliative care provision for people with non-malignant respiratory disease, in rural and urban areas in the North and Republic of Ireland. BACKGROUND: Globally, palliative care is recommended as an appropriate healthcare option for people with advanced non- malignant lung disease. Yet, there is limited evidence regarding the integration of palliative care for this client group. DESIGN: Qualitative study...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906262/characteristics-of-interim-deans-at-u-s-medical-schools-implications-for-institutions-and-individuals
#15
Sarah A Bunton, Pamela Sass, Rae Anne Sloane, R Kevin Grigsby
PURPOSE: To provide a baseline, descriptive understanding of individuals serving as interim deans at U.S. medical schools. Over the past quarter century, roughly 9% to 16% of all medical school deans were serving as interim leaders. This research reviews demographic characteristics, how long they served, and the impact of having served on one's likelihood of serving as a permanent dean. METHOD: The Association of American Medical Colleges' Council of Deans national database was the data source for this study...
September 12, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905046/residents-attitude-knowledge-and-perceived-preparedness-toward-caring-for-patients-from-diverse-sociocultural-backgrounds
#16
Jessie Kimbrough Marshall, Lisa A Cooper, Alexander R Green, Amanda Bertram, Letitia Wright, Niki Matusko, Wayne McCullough, Stephen D Sisson
Purpose: Training residents to deliver care to increasingly diverse patients in the United States is an important strategy to help alleviate racial and ethnic disparities in health outcomes. Cross-cultural care training of residents continues to present challenges. This study sought to explore the associations among residents' cross-cultural attitudes, preparedness, and knowledge about disparities to better elucidate possible training needs. Methods: This cross-sectional study used web-based questionnaires from 2013 to 2014...
2017: Health Equity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903813/rebooting-healthcare-information-technology-downtime-management
#17
Julie Bulson, Mark Van Dyke, Nicole Skibinski
Healthcare, like many other industries, has become reliant on technology to manage daily operations. Often, technology downtimes are managed within the information technology departments to ensure the technical staff can return the hardware or software to the end users as quickly as possible. However, if managed strictly through IT departments, such incidents lack critical communication components and an understanding of the impact on end users. This paper argues that such technological incidents need to be managed not just rapidly but also in conjunction with the emergency preparedness department...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903795/rapid-triage-of-mental-health-risk-in-emergency-medical-workers-findings-from-typhoon-haiyan
#18
Lauren Sylwanowicz, Merritt Schreiber, Craig Anderson, Carlos Primero D Gundran, Emelie Santamaria, Jaifred Christian F Lopez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of a novel responder mental health self-triage system to predict post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in emergency medical responders after a disaster. METHODS: Participants in this study responded to Typhoon Haiyan, which struck the Philippines in November 2013. They completed the Psychological Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment (PsySTART) responder triage tool, the PTSD Checklist (PCL-5) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 (PHQ-8) shortly after responding to this disaster...
September 14, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900785/training-to-provide-psychiatric-genetic-counseling-how-does-it-impact-recent-graduates-and-current-students-readiness-to-provide-genetic-counseling-for-individuals-with-psychiatric-illness-and-attitudes-towards-this-population
#19
Ashley Low, Shannan Dixon, Amanda Higgs, Jessica Joines, Catriona Hippman
Mental illness is extremely common and genetic counselors frequently see patients with mental illness. Genetic counselors report discomfort in providing psychiatric genetic counseling (GC), suggesting the need to look critically at training for psychiatric GC. This study aimed to investigate psychiatric GC training and its impact on perceived preparedness to provide psychiatric GC (preparedness). Current students and recent graduates were invited to complete an anonymous survey evaluating psychiatric GC training and outcomes...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899442/applications-of-256-slice-spiral-computed-tomography-perfusion-scanning-in-limb-salvage-after-high-voltage-electrical-injury
#20
Pengcheng Ma, Yong Sun, Xintang Zhang, Hui Liu, Canli Liu, Jing Zhao
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the applications of intelligent 256-slice computed tomography (iCT) perfusion imaging in high-voltage electrical injuries (HVEIs). METHODS: 256-slice iCT was used to perform perfusion scanning for 48 patients with HVEI to detect the perfusion parameters. RESULTS: The blood flow (BF) and peak enhancement intensity (PEI) values of the plane lower than the amputation level of the diseased side (ALD) were smaller than those of the corresponding healthy side (P<0...
September 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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