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Ali Ghanchi
On Friday, November 13, 2015, Paris was subjected to a multiple terrorist attack that caused widespread carnage. Although French emergency planning, response, and resilience procedures (Plan Blanc) anticipated crisis management of a major incident, these had to be adapted to the local context of Pitié-Salpêtrière University Teaching Hospital. Health care workers had undergone Plan Blanc training and exercises and it was fortunate that such a drill had occurred on the morning of the attack. The procedures were observed to work well because this type of eventuality had been fully anticipated, and staff performance exceeded expectations owing to prior in-depth training and preparations...
October 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Pradeep Haldar, Pankaj Agrawal
Global Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-18 calls for the ultimate withdrawal of oral polio vaccines (OPV) from all immunization programs across the world. The phased globally synchronized withdrawal would begin with type 2 serotype in 2016 through a switch from trivalent OPV (tOPV) to bivalent OPV (bOPV) and is associated with small but real risk of Vaccine Derived Polio Virus (VDPV) outbreaks. To mitigate this risk, efforts across the world, including India, are underway that comprise of Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) introduction, containment of type 2 wild and vaccine strains, securing bOPV supplies, and surveillance and response protocols for any outbreaks after switch...
August 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
Shauna-Lee Chai, Jian Zhang, Amy Nixon, Scott Nielsen
Accounting for climate change in invasive species risk assessments improves our understanding of potential future impacts and enhances our preparedness for the arrival of new non-native species. We combined traditional risk assessment for invasive species with habitat suitability modeling to assess risk to biodiversity based on climate change. We demonstrate our method by assessing the risk for 15 potentially new invasive plant species to Alberta, Canada, an area where climate change is expected to facilitate the poleward expansion of invasive species ranges...
2016: PloS One
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2016: Relevé épidémiologique Hebdomadaire
Martin de Santibañes, Eduardo de Santibañes, Juan Pekolj
The paradigm introduced by William Halsted for surgical residency training has been considered the most appropriate educational system to acquire the knowledge and surgical skills required to become a competent general surgeon. Hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery is considered an important part of general surgery training because of its high prevalence and complexity. Nowadays, we are faced with a worldwide shortage of general surgeons candidates, restrictive working hours and less surgical exposure, situations that can undermine the objectives of training in HPB surgery during residency...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
Toshihiko Matsuoka, Tomoki Sato, Tomoyuki Akita, Jiturou Yanagida, Hiroki Ohge, Masao Kuwabara, Junko Tanaka
The objective of this study was to identify factors related to the expansion of infection and prevention of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09. A retrospective non-randomized cohort study (from June 2009 to May 2010) on influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 was conducted in a sample of residents from Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. The cumulative incidence of the influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 and the pandemic vaccine effectiveness (VE) were estimated. The response rate was 53.5% (178,669/333,892). Overall, the odds ratio of non-vaccinated group to vaccinated group for cumulative incidence of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 was 2...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ho Ting Wong, Vico Chung Lim Chiang, Kup Sze Choi, Alice Yuen Loke
The rapid development of technology has made enormous volumes of data available and achievable anytime and anywhere around the world. Data scientists call this change a data era and have introduced the term "Big Data", which has drawn the attention of nursing scholars. Nevertheless, the concept of Big Data is quite fuzzy and there is no agreement on its definition among researchers of different disciplines. Without a clear consensus on this issue, nursing scholars who are relatively new to the concept may consider Big Data to be merely a dataset of a bigger size...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Raynal C Squires, Frank Konings
On 1 February 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that clusters of microcephaly cases and other neurological disorders occurring in Zika virus (ZIKV)-affected areas constituted a public health emergency of international concern. Increased surveillance of the virus, including the requirement for laboratory confirmation of infection, was recommended. The WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific therefore initiated a rapid survey among national-level public health laboratories in 19 countries and areas to determine regional capacity for ZIKV detection...
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
Rosalind E Howes, Sedera Aurélien Mioramalala, Brune Ramiranirina, Thierry Franchard, Andry Joeliarijaona Rakotorahalahy, Donal Bisanzio, Peter W Gething, Peter A Zimmerman, Arsène Ratsimbasoa
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains a major public health problem in Madagascar. Widespread scale-up of intervention coverage has led to substantial reductions in case numbers since 2000. However, political instability since 2009 has disrupted these efforts, and a resurgence of malaria has since followed. This paper re-visits the sub-national stratification of malaria transmission across Madagascar to propose a contemporary update, and evaluates the reported routine case data reported at this sub-national scale...
October 18, 2016: Malaria Journal
Constanze Ciavarella, Laura Fumanelli, Stefano Merler, Ciro Cattuto, Marco Ajelli
BACKGROUND: Nearly every year Influenza affects most countries worldwide and the risk of a new pandemic is always present. Therefore, influenza is a major concern for public health. School-age individuals are often the most affected group, suggesting that the inclusion in preparedness plans of school closure policies may represent an option for influenza mitigation. However, their applicability remains uncertain and their implementation should carefully be weighed on the basis of cost-benefit considerations...
October 18, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Jenifer M Chilton, Danita Alfred
The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of 2 educational intervention modalities (face-to-face or online) aimed at improving nursing students' personal emergency preparedness. Personal emergency preparedness means an individual has a Grab-and-Go kit, has developed a plan for self and family, and remains informed about potential disasters. Outcomes indicated that face-to-face instruction for BSN nursing students and online instruction for RNs were effective at increasing knowledge and increasing personal emergency preparedness...
October 17, 2016: Nurse Educator
Marcos Espinal, Sylvain Aldighieri, Ronald St John, Francisco Becerra-Posada, Carissa Etienne
The World Health Organization's determination of the Ebola virus disease outbreak as a public health event of international concern prompted non affected countries to implement measures to prevent, detect, and manage the introduction of the virus in their territories. The outbreak provided an opportunity to assess the operational implementation of the International Health Regulations' core capacities and health systems' preparedness to handle a potential or confirmed case of Ebola virus disease. A public health framework implemented in Latin America and Caribbean countries encompassing preparatory self-assessments, in-country visits, and follow-up suggests that the region should increase efforts to consolidate and sustain progress on core capacities and health system preparedness to face public health events with national or international repercussions...
March 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Robert P Olympia, Robert Wilkinson, Jennifer Dunnick, Brendan J Dougherty, Debra Zauner
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to describe pediatric emergency department (ED) referrals from urgent care centers and to determine the percentage of referrals considered essential and serious. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted between April 2013 and April 2015 on patients younger than 21 years referred directly to an ED in central Pennsylvania from surrounding urgent care centers. Referrals were considered essential or serious based on investigations/procedures performed or medications/consultations received in the ED...
October 8, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Terri L Ares
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to ascertain if clinical nurse specialist students differed on measures of professional socialization based on employment in a Magnet-oriented hospital. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of data from a previous national study of the socialization of clinical nurse specialist students was used. Anticipatory socialization variables (nursing leadership, workplace exposure to the role, and preconceived impression of the role), mentorship by a clinical nurse specialist, and socialization outcomes (self-concept, perceived preparedness for practice, and nursing specialty certification) were explored...
November 2016: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
Samuel Dery, Frances da-Costa Vroom, Anthony Godi, Seth Afagbedzi, Duah Dwomoh
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that ICT adoption contributes to productivity and economic growth. It is therefore important that health workers have knowledge in ICT to ensure adoption and uptake of ICT tools to enable efficient health delivery. OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge and use of ICT among students of the College of Health Sciences at the University of Ghana. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among students in all the five Schools of the College of Health Sciences at the University of Ghana...
September 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
Hisao Nakai, Keiko Tsukasaki, Kaoru Kyota, Tomoya Itatani, Reiko Nihonyanagi, Yasuko Shinmei, Shizuka Yasuoka
This study investigated factors affecting disaster preparedness and evacuation intentions among home-care patients dependent on electrical power for life support. Health professionals interviewed 53 home-care patients using the Kanazawa and Kochi Disaster Preparedness Checklist. About half of the participants requiring continuous artificial ventilation or aspiration indicated that they would not or could not evacuate following a disaster-even though their lives could be at risk. The availability of emergency medical equipment for use during a power outage was positively associated with the desire to evacuate...
October 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
Ulrike Kulka, Andrzej Wojcik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Janie Simmons, Sonali Rajan, Lloyd Goldsamt, Luther Elliott
BACKGROUND: This article reports on the first web-based implementation of an opioid-overdose prevention, recognition and response training for professional first responders. The training was disseminated nationally over one listserv in November 2014. The same year, following Act 139, which mandated the provision of an online training for police officers in Pennsylvania, the Pennsylvania Department of Health approved the training. It was subsequently adopted as the primary training tool for police and other first responders in Pennsylvania and has been used as a training tool by first responders nationally...
October 11, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Yusuke Watanabe, Amin Madani, Elif Bilgic, Katherine M McKendy, Gada Enani, Iman Ghaderi, Gerald M Fried, Liane S Feldman, Melina C Vassiliou
BACKGROUND: General surgery residency may not adequately prepare residents for independent practice. It is unclear; however, if non-ACGME-accredited fellowships are better meeting training needs. The purpose of this mixed-method study was to determine perceived preparedness for practice and to identify gaps in fellowship training. METHODS: A survey was developed using an iterative qualitative methodology based on interviews and focus groups of graduated fellows and program directors...
October 14, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Marc A Auerbach, Marjorie Lee White, Sweta Bhargava, Pavan Zaveri, Elizabeth B Seelbach, Rebekah A Burns, Renuka Mehta, Brett McAninch, Daniel Fein, Todd P Chang, David O Kessler
OBJECTIVES: Few published studies describe graduating pediatric residents' procedural skills or success rates. This information would help guide supervisors' decisions about graduating residents' preparedness, training, and supervision needs. This study aimed to measure success rates for graduating pediatric residents performing infant lumbar puncture (LP) during the final months of their training and to describe their experiences performing and supervising infant LPs during the course of their training...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
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