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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338661/collaborative-processes-of-developing-a-health-literacy-toolkit-a-case-from-fukushima-after-the-nuclear-accident
#1
Aya Goto, Alden Yuanhong Lai, Atsushi Kumagai, Saori Koizumi, Kazuki Yoshida, Koji Yamawaki, Rima E Rudd
Following the Fukushima nuclear accident in 2011, the central government provided health and radiation-related information that was incomplete, difficult to understand and contradictory, leading to widespread distrust in the community. Thus, from 2013 to 2014, we developed and implemented a series of health literacy training workshops for local public health nurses, often the first health care professionals with whom members of the community interact. The results from our program evaluation revealed that the task of paraphrasing professional terms and skills related to relaying numeric information to the community were difficult for the nurses to acquire...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336672/internal-cs-inhibits-root-elongation-in-rice
#2
Sonia Mohamed, Hervé Sentenac, Emmanuel Guiderdoni, Anne-Aliénor Véry, Manuel Nieves-Cordones
The root system anchors the plant to the soil and contributes to plant autotrophy by taking up nutrients and water. In relation with this nutritional function, root development is largely impacted by availability of nutrients and water. Due to human activity, plants, in particular crops, can also be exposed to pollutants which can be absorbed and incorporated into the food chain. Cesium in soils is present at non-toxic concentrations for the plant (micromolar or less), even in soils highly polluted with radioactive cesium due to nuclear accidents...
January 16, 2018: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336565/appearances-of-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant-derived-137cs-in-coastal-waters-around-japan-results-from-marine-monitoring-off-nuclear-power-plants-and-facilities-1983-2016
#3
Hyoe Takata, Masashi Kusakabe, Naohiko Inatomi, Takahito Ikenoue
Monitoring of 137Cs in seawater in coastal areas around Japan between 1983 and 2016 yielded new insights into the sources and transport of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP)-derived 137Cs, particularly along the west coast of Japan. Before the FDNPP accident (1983-2010), the activity concentrations of 137Cs, mainly from fallout, were decreasing exponentially. Effective 137Cs half-lives in surface seawater ranged from 15.6 to 18.4 yr. After the FDNPP accident (March 2011) 137Cs activity concentrations in seawater off Fukushima and neighboring prefectures immediately increased...
January 16, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334620/evaluation-of-abundance-of-artificial-radionuclides-in-food-products-in-south-korea-and-sources
#4
S H Lee, J S Oh, K B Lee, J M Lee, S H Hwang, M K Lee, E H Kwon, C S Kim, I H Choi, I Y Yeo, J Y Yoon, J M Im
Food samples are collected nationwide from January 2016 to February 2017 and their contents of artificial radionuclides are measured to address the growing concerns regarding the radioactive contamination of food products in Korea. Specifically, 900 food samples are collected for this study and their contents of representative artificial radionuclides 134Cs, 137Cs, 239,240Pu, and 90Sr are analyzed. The analysis shows that the activity concentrations of 137Cs in fish range from minimum detectable activity (MDA) to 340 mBq/kg of fresh weight...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334619/comparisons-between-a-new-point-kernel-based-scheme-and-the-infinite-plane-source-assumption-method-for-radiation-calculation-of-deposited-airborne-radionuclides-from-nuclear-power-plants
#5
Xiaole Zhang, George Efthimiou, Yan Wang, Meng Huang
Radiation from the deposited radionuclides is indispensable information for environmental impact assessment of nuclear power plants and emergency management during nuclear accidents. Ground shine estimation is related to multiple physical processes, including atmospheric dispersion, deposition, soil and air radiation shielding. It still remains unclear that whether the normally adopted "infinite plane" source assumption for the ground shine calculation is accurate enough, especially for the area with highly heterogeneous deposition distribution near the release point...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329263/effect-of-radiological-countermeasures-on-subjective-well-being-and-radiation-anxiety-after-the-2011-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#6
Michio Murakami, Yoshitake Takebayashi, Yoshihito Takeda, Akiko Sato, Yasumasa Igarashi, Kazumi Sano, Tetsuo Yasutaka, Wataru Naito, Sumire Hirota, Aya Goto, Tetsuya Ohira, Seiji Yasumura, Koichi Tanigawa
After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident in 2011, concerns about radiation exposure and decline in subjective well-being have been reported. To tackle these problems, various countermeasures in relation to radiation have been implemented. In this study, we comprehensively evaluated the effects of radiological countermeasures on subjective well-being (e.g., satisfaction with life (SWL) and emotional well-being) and radiation anxiety, through a questionnaire survey targeting Fukushima residents (N = 1023)...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324353/dietary-habits-during-the-2-months-following-the-chernobyl-accident-and-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-risk-in-a-population-based-case-control-study
#7
Constance Xhaard, Carole Rubino, Vincent Souchard, Stéphane Maillard, Yan Ren, Françoise Borson-Chazot, Geneviève Sassolas, Claire Schvartz, Marc Colonna, Brigitte Lacour, Anne Sophie Woronoff, Michel Velten, Emilie Marrer, Laurent Bailly, Eugènia Mariné Barjoan, Martin Schlumberger, Vladimir Drozdovitch, Andre Bouville, Jacques Orgiazzi, Elisabeth Adjadj, Florent de Vathaire
BACKGROUND: The Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident occurred in Ukraine on April 26th 1986. In France, the radioactive fallout and thyroid radiation doses were much lower than in highly contaminated areas. However, a number of risk projections have suggested that a small excess in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) might occur in eastern France due to this low-level fallout. In order to investigate this potential impact, a case-control study on DTC risk factors was started in 2005, focusing on cases who were less than 15 years old at the time of the Chernobyl accident...
January 8, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321444/agricultural-aspects-of-radiocontamination-induced-by-the-fukushima-nuclear-accident-a-survey-of-studies-by-the-univ-of-tokyo-agricultural-dept-2011-2016
#8
Tomoko M Nakanishi
Immediately after the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, a team of 40-50 researchers at the Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences at the University of Tokyo began to analyze the behavior of radioactive materials in the fallout regions. The fallout has remained in situ and become strongly adsorbed within the soil over time. 137Cs was found to bind strongly to the fine clay, weathered biotite, and organic matter in the soil; therefore, it has not mobilized from mountainous regions, even after heavy rainfall...
2018: Proceedings of the Japan Academy. Series B, Physical and Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316618/trajectories-of-emotional-symptoms-and-peer-relationship-problems-in-children-after-nuclear-disaster-evidence-from-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#9
Misari Oe, Masaharu Maeda, Tetsuya Ohira, Shuntaro Itagaki, Mayumi Harigane, Yuriko Suzuki, Hirooki Yabe, Seiji Yasumura, Kenji Kamiya, Hitoshi Ohto
The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, which occurred in March 2011, is having long-term effects on children. We planned this study to describe the trajectories of emotional symptoms and peer relationship problems in children and to examine potential risks and protective factors over the 35 months following the accident. The sample was 11,791 children in the first to sixth elementary grades. We identified four patterns for emotional symptoms and three patterns for peer relationship problems, using group-based trajectory modelling...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312835/activities-concentration-of-radiocesium-in-wild-mushroom-collected-in-ukraine-30-years-after-the-chernobyl-power-plant-accident
#10
Makiko Orita, Yuko Kimura, Yasuyuki Taira, Toshiki Fukuda, Jumpei Takahashi, Oleksandr Gutevych, Serghii Chornyi, Takashi Kudo, Shunichi Yamashita, Noboru Takamura
Mushrooms are recognized as one of the main contributors to internal radiation exposure from the activity concentration of radiocesium released by the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (CNNP). We evaluated the activity concentrations of the artificial radionuclides (radiocesium) in wild mushrooms collected in 2015 from Korosten and Lugine, Zhitomir region, Ukraine, located 120 km away from the CNPP. Cesium-137 was detected in 110 of 127 mushroom samples (86.6%). Based on the average mushroom consumption (5 kg per year), we calculated committed effective doses ranging from 0...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310337/simulation-of-expected-childhood-and-adolescent-thyroid-cancer-cases-in-japan-using-a-cancer-progression-model-based-on-the-national-cancer-registry-application-to-the-first-round-thyroid-examination-of-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#11
Hideto Takahashi, Kunihiko Takahashi, Hiroki Shimura, Seiji Yasumura, Satoru Suzuki, Akira Ohtsuru, Sanae Midorikawa, Tetsuya Ohira, Hitoshi Ohto, Shunichi Yamashita, Kenji Kamiya
During the 4 years following the nuclear power plant accident of 2011, 39 males and 77 females were diagnosed with or suspected of having cancer based on the first-round thyroid examination of the Fukushima Health Management Survey (FHMS) targeting residents aged <19 years in Fukushima. Prior comparisons between the observed data and Japan's National Cancer Registry (NCR) data suggested that this incidence might be excessive, but such comparisons are problematic because they need not only to adjust index unit (prevalence proportion vs incidence rate), but also examine characteristics (complete enumeration mass screening for the aged 0 to 18 years vs detections in clinical settings for all the residents) and sensitivity of the examinations...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308598/a-simulator-based-nuclear-reactor-emergency-response-training-exercise
#12
Edward Waller, George Bereznai, John Shaw, Joseph Chaput, Jean-Francois Lafortune
Training offsite emergency response personnel basic awareness of onsite control room operations during nuclear power plant emergency conditions was the primary objective of a week-long workshop conducted on a CANDU® virtual nuclear reactor simulator available at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Canada. The workshop was designed to examine both normal and abnormal reactor operating conditions, and to observe the conditions in the control room that may have impact on the subsequent offsite emergency response...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287177/nuclear-energy-between-global-electricity-demand-worldwide-decarbonisation-imperativeness-and-planetary-environmental-implications
#13
REVIEW
Remus Prăvălie, Georgeta Bandoc
For decades, nuclear energy has been considered an important option for ensuring global energy security, and it has recently started being promoted as a solution for climate change mitigation. However, nuclear power remains highly controversial due to its associated risks - nuclear accidents and problematic radioactive waste management. This review aims to assess the viability of global nuclear energy economically (energy-wise), climatically and environmentally. To this end, the nuclear sector's energy- and climate-related advantages were explored alongside the downsides that mainly relate to radioactive pollution...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286522/pilot-study-of-parathyroid-glands-in-adult-and-pediatric-subjects-exposed-to-ionizing-radiation-after-the-chnpp-accident-methodology-of-parathyroid-diagnostic-ultrasound
#14
O V Kaminskyi, O V Kopylova, D Ye Afanasyev, O V Mazurenko, S Ya Berezovskyi
OBJECTIVE: Estimation of the parathyroid hyperplasia prevalence after the ChNPP accident in adults exposed to ion izing radiation and their descendants using the diagnostic ultrasound and its methodology elaboration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pilot prospective study of the prevalence of parathyroid hyperplasia among the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) accident adult survivors (n=686) and their descendants (54 children) was performed using diagnostic ultrasound examination of thyroid and parathyroids...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286520/serum-content-of-total-adipionectin-in-the-chnpp-accident-clean-up-workers-of-the-%C3%A2-iodine-period%C3%A2-suffering-from-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-literature-review-and-research-data
#15
N S Dombrovska, O Ya Pleskach
OBJECTIVE: assay of the total adiponectin level in the ChNPP accident clean up workers (ACUW) of the «iodine peri od» exposed to ionizing radiation in a young age and suffering now from type 2 diabetes mellitusMaterials and methods. The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident clean up workers (ACUW) of the iodine period (n=111) exposed to ionizing radiation at a young age (18-35 years) were examined in two groups: Group I (main study group, n=66) of persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and Group II (comparison group, n=45) of persons with normal glucose challenge test results...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286514/cardiovascular-diseases-and-systolic-function-of-left-ventricle-in-clean-up-workers-of-chernobyl-accident-based-on-30-years-follow-up
#16
O D Bazyka, D O Belyi
OBJECTIVE: To study the dynamics of circulatory system diseases during the 30 year period after irradiation, changes in the status of systolic function of heart left ventricle (LV) and the features of its remodeling in clean up workers (CW) of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (ChNPP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was examined 144 CW at ChNPP, including 52 patients, who survived acute radiation sick ness (ARS) grade of severity 1-3, and 105 non irradiated persons (control group - CG)...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286511/cerebral-impact-of-prenatal-irradiation-by-131i-an-experimental-model-of-clinical-neuroradioembryological-effects
#17
V V Talko, K M Loganovsky, I P Drozd, Ye V Tukalenko, T K Loganovska, S Yu Nechayev, S V Masiuk, Ye M Prokhorova
Human brain in prenatal period is a most vulnerable to ionizing radiation body structure. Unlike atomic bombings or radiological interventions in healthcare leading at most to external irradiation the intensive internal exposure may occur upon nuclear reactor accidents followed by substantial release and fallout of radioactive 131I. The latter can lead to specific neuroradioembryological effects. OBJECTIVE: To create an experimental model of prenatal cerebral radiation effects of 131I in human and to determine the experimental and clinical neuroradioembryological effects...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286502/social-safety-and-medical-maintenance-of-the-labour-pool-in-surveillance-areas-of-the-nuclear-power-plants
#18
V A Prylipko, Yu Yu Ozerova, O V Kotsubinskij, M M Morozova, O O Petrychenko, I V Bondarenko
OBJECTIVE: To study the contentment of population of NPP surveillance areas i.e. monitoring zones with specific components of quality of life, namely the social security, medical care, and socio economic compensation of risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sociological study of public opinion about the specific components of quality of life has been conducted in population of the NPP monitoring zone. A questionnaire with independent question blocks was developed. A non repeatable probabilistic selection was applied in population opinion poll...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286498/psychosocial-state-of-the-adult-evacuees-and-risk-factors-of-negative-change
#19
V O Buzunov, K M Loganovsky, L I Krasnikova, M O Bomko, Yu M Belyayev, Zh S Yaroshenko, T E Domashevska
Numerous scientific studies have been carried out since the ChNPP accident indicating that the last one has caused a severe psychosocial stress in survivors. Population of radioactively contaminated territories, people migrated from the areas of strict radiation control, and accident consequences clean up participants in 1986 1987 were covered by the conducted research projects. Nature of the stress herewith is polygenic and includes factors directly related to the Chernobyl catastrophe, and factors being a result of social and economic circumstances...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286493/twenty-five-years-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine-progress-and-priorities-for-future-of-radiation-medicine-and-biology
#20
D Bazyka
After the creation of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine in 1993 the Research Center for Radiation Medicine was among the first institutions to join the Academy (fig. 1). Estab lishing the Academy was among the first steps of the independent Ukrainian government and aimed to provide a high level health care for population. It was extremely needed for the minimization of Chornobyl medical consequences. This choice was related to a growing recognition of the scientific research in fulfilling the Сenter's mission - study of the effects of low dose radiation on human body and radiation protection of the exposed population...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
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