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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626126/conduct-of-occupational-health-during-major-disasters-a-comparison-of-literature-on-occupational-health-issues-in-the-world-trade-center-terrorist-attack-and-the-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#1
Hiroyuki Toyoda, Koji Mori
Workers who respond to large-scale disasters can be exposed to health hazards that do not exist in routine work. It is assumed that learning from past cases is effective for preparing for and responding to such problems, but published information is still insufficient. Accordingly, we conducted a literature review about the health issues and occupational health activities at the World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attack and at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident to investigate how occupational health activities during disasters should be conducted...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623812/discovery-of-non-spherical-heterogeneous-radiocesium-bearing-particles-not-derived-from-unit-1-of-the-fukushima-dai-ichi-nuclear-power-plant-in-residences-five-years-after-the-accident
#2
Shogo Higaki, Yuichi Kurihara, Hiroko Yoshida, Yoshio Takahashi, Naohide Shinohara
Non-spherical heterogeneous radiocesium-bearing particles were found on masks worn during cleaning work in residences near the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP), from which residents had evacuated. Three slightly larger (6.6-12 μm) non-spherical radiocesium-bearing particles were found in a residence in Futaba Town, a straight distance of 2.11 km west-northwest from the FDNPP. These were collected on October 25, 2016, 5 years and 7 months after the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear disaster and were presumed to originate from the Plant's Unit 2 based on the measured radioactivity ratio of (134)Cs/(137)Cs...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623790/effect-of-topsoil-removal-and-selective-countermeasures-on-radiocesium-accumulation-in-rice-plants-in-fukushima-paddy-field
#3
Baolu Yang, Yuichi Onda, Yoshihiro Ohmori, Hitoshi Sekimoto, Toru Fujiwara, Yoshifumi Wakiyama, Kazuya Yoshimura, Junko Takahashi, Xinchao Sun
A wide area of paddy fields was contaminated by radiocesium derived from the Fukushima nuclear accident. Implement of agricultural countermeasures is one of the principle methods to reduce the contamination of rice plants. In this study, the effect of topsoil removal measure and fertilizer application on radiocesium uptake by rice plants was investigated over a four-year period. Some other available countermeasures carried out after the Fukushima nuclear accident were also summarized. The results indicate that the effect of topsoil removal measure on the accumulation of radiocesium in rice plants was effective, but the concentration ratio of radiocesium activity concentration between rice plant and soil increased...
June 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623725/a-new-route-to-the-stable-capture-and-final-immobilization-of-radioactive-cesium
#4
Jae Hwan Yang, Ahreum Han, Joo Young Yoon, Hwan-Seo Park, Yung-Zun Cho
Radioactive Cs released from damaged fuel materials in the event of nuclear accidents must be controlled to prevent the spreading of hazardous Cs into the environment. This study describes a simple and novel process to safely manage Cs gas by capturing it within ceramic filters and converting it into monolithic waste forms. The results of Cs trapping tests showed that CsAlSiO4 was a reaction product of gas-solid reactions between Cs gas and our ceramic filters. Monolithic waste forms were readily prepared from the Cs-trapping filters by the addition of a glass frit followed by thermal treatment at 1000°C for 3h...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617669/representativeness-of-individual-external-doses-estimated-for-one-quarter-of-residents-in-the-fukushima-prefecture-after-the-nuclear-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#5
Tetsuo Ishikawa, Hideto Takahashi, Seiji Yasumura, Akira Ohtsuru, Akira Sakai, Tetsuya Ohira, Ritsu Sakata, Kotaro Ozasa, Keiichi Akahane, Shunsuke Yonai, Osamu Kurihara, Kenji Kamiya, Masafumi Abe
After the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, the Fukushima Health Management Survey (FHMS) was launched. The Basic Survey, a component of FHMS, is a questionnaire used to survey residents across the Fukushima Prefecture about their behaviour in the first 4 months after the accident. The questionnaire findings are used to determine individual external doses by linking behaviour data to a computer programme with daily gamma ray dose rate maps, drawn after the accident. Through 30 June 2015, the response rate was only 27...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614748/analysis-of-the-use-of-the-iaea-rapid-method-of-89-sr-and-90-sr-in-milk-for-environmental-monitoring
#6
M Herranz, R Idoeta, S Rozas, F Legarda
Rapid methods that are used during nuclear accidents or incident situations must first be implemented and validated in radioactivity measurement laboratories, so they can be ready to provide quick answers to governments, regulatory organizations and people in such situations. As these accident situations are rare and the methods are thus not frequently used, the best way to achieve this is to use the same methods for both routine environmental monitoring and rapid or emergency situations. Before this can be done, however, an analysis of the conditions under which a rapid method could be effectively used in routine situations should be carried out...
June 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608648/prolonged-elevated-body-mass-index-of-preschool-children-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#7
Tsuyoshi Isojima, Susumu Yokoya, Atsushi Ono, Noriko Kato, Toshiaki Tanaka, Hiroshi Yokomichi, Zentaro Yamagata, Soichiro Tanaka, Hiroko Matsubara, Mami Ishikuro, Masahiro Kikuya, Shoichi Chida, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Shinichi Kuriyama, Shigeo Kure
BACKGROUND: The Great East Japan Earthquake followed by tsunamis and the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) accident caused catastrophic damages. The effects of the disaster on the growth of affected children are of great concern but remain unknown. METHODS: The study population was derived from two Japanese nationwide retrospective cohorts (historical and exposed groups, respectively). The exposed group experienced the disaster at 47 to 59 months of age...
June 13, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605864/time-trends-in-radiocaesium-in-the-japanese-diet-following-nuclear-weapons-testing-and-chernobyl-implications-for-long-term-contamination-post-fukushima
#8
Jim T Smith, Keiko Tagami, Shigeo Uchida
Estimation of time changes in radiocaesium in foodstuffs is key to predicting the long term impact of the Fukushima accident on the Japanese diet. We have modelled >4000 measurements, spanning 50 years, of (137)Cs in foodstuffs and whole diet in Japan after nuclear weapons testing (NWT) and the Chernobyl accident. Broadly consistent long term trends in (137)Cs activity concentrations are seen between different agricultural foodstuffs; whole diet follows this general trend with remarkably little variation between averages for different regions of Japan...
June 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605260/cellular-therapies-for-treatment-of-radiation-injury-report-from-a-nih-niaid-and-irsn-workshop
#9
Andrea L DiCarlo, Radia Tamarat, Carmen I Rios, Marc Benderitter, Christine W Czarniecki, Theresa C Allio, Francesca Macchiarini, Bert W Maidment, Jean-Rene Jourdain
In recent years, there has been increasing concern over the possibility of a radiological or nuclear incident occurring somewhere in the world. Intelligence agencies frequently report that terrorist groups and rogue nations are seeking to obtain radiological or nuclear weapons of mass destruction. In addition, there exists the real possibility that safety of nuclear power reactors could be compromised by natural (such as the tsunami and subsequent Fukushima accident in Japan in March, 2011) or accidental (Three Mile Island, 1979 and Chernobyl, 1986) events...
June 12, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596199/mediastinal-seminoma-presenting-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#10
Amanda Wanous, Ian R McPhail, J Fernando Quevedo, Nicole P Sandhu
We present a rare cause of superior vena cava syndrome (SVC) in a previously healthy male aged 31 years. Malignancy was suspected due to unintentional weight loss and childhood exposure to radioactive fallout from a nuclear facility accident. A very large anterior mediastinal mass was identified and demonstrated to be an extragonadal seminoma. Extragonadal germ cell tumours are rare tumours with a high potential for cardiovascular, pulmonary and vascular sequelae. Studies have documented an increased risk of developing seminoma in patients with radioactive exposure...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592732/the-predicament-of-elderly-disaster-victims-6-years-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#11
Kazunobu Ishikawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589515/erratum-to-ethical-issues-related-to-the-promotion-of-a-100-msv-threshold-assumption-in-japan-after-the-fukushima-nuclear-accident-in-2011-background-and-consequences
#12
Toshihide Tsuda, Lena Lindahl, Akiko Tokinobu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579185/are-dietary-reports-in-a-case-control-study-on-thyroid-cancer-biased-by-risk-perception-of-chernobyl-fallout
#13
C Xhaard, A Dumas, V Souchard, Y Ren, F Borson-Chazot, G Sassolas, C Schvartz, M Colonna, B Lacour, A S Wonoroff, M Velten, E Clero, S Maillard, E Marrer, L Bailly, E Mariné Barjoan, M Schlumberger, J Orgiazzi, E Adjadj, C Rubino, A Bouville, V Drozdovitch, F de Vathaire
BACKGROUND: In retrospective case-control studies performed following nuclear tests or nuclear accidents, individual thyroid radiation dose reconstructions are based on fallout and meteorological data from the residential area, demographic characteristics, and lifestyle as well as dietary information. Collecting the latter is a controversial step, as dietary declarations may be affected by the subjects' beliefs about their risk behavior. This report analyses the potential for such bias in a case-control study performed in eastern France...
June 1, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578647/iodine-prophylaxis-in-the-case-of-nuclear-accident
#14
Szybiński Zbigniew
On 26 April 1986 the greatest accident of nuclear plant in Czernobyl took place and isotopes with high percentage of released were erupted : 33-Xe, 131-I ,132-Te, 134-Cs and 137 -Cs. The radioactivity of the isotopes was very high -for instance: Xe-33 6500 PBq , 131-I 1760 PBq .The rest of 15 isotopes represented similar radioactivity with shorter percentage of release.The most exposed group of people were 237 liquidaters, and 116000 people living around had to be evacuated when the limit dose for person 5 mSv could be crossed...
May 29, 2017: Recent Patents on Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574384/-evaluation-of-quality-indicators-of-life-as-a-criterion-of-the-efficiency-of-treatment-for-liquidators-of-the-accident-at-chernobyl-aerosphorus-patients-with-hypertension-disease-comorbid-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#15
V Synelnik, A Oparin
In order to assess the quality of life of liquidators of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (CHPP) of patients with hypertensive comorbid disease with gastroesophageal reflux disease, 52 patients aged 46 to 71 years (mean age 57.5±0, 8 years old) who were on inpatient treatment in the therapeutic department of the Regional Clinical Specialized Dispensary for Radiation Protection of the Population of Kharkov from January 2016 to December 2016. The men among the examined were 44 (84.6%), women - 8 (15...
April 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569711/reorganization-deregulation-and-liberalization-postwar-development-of-the-japanese-electric-power-industry-and-its-change-after-11-march-2011
#16
Takuji Okamoto
The reform of Japan's electric power industry after the Fukushima nuclear accident is, despite public expectations for the shutdown or reduction of nuclear power, placing more emphasis on liberalizing the industry. This essay tries to show that the present reform is a revival of the government's liberalization plan that emerged in the mid-1990s and was aborted around 2003 since the power companies hinted that further deregulation might discourage them from following the government's nuclear policy. The Fukushima accident changed the balance of power-political, not electric-between them and allowed the government to implement its long-cherished reform plan...
2017: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555940/altered-molecular-profile-in-thyroid-cancers-from-patients-affected-by-the-three-mile-island-nuclear-accident
#17
David Goldenberg, Mariano Russo, Kenneth Houser, Henry Crist, Jonathan B Derr, Vonn Walter, Joshua I Warrick, Kathryn E Sheldon, James Broach, Darrin V Bann
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: In 1979, Three Mile Island (TMI) nuclear power plant experienced a partial meltdown with release of radioactive material. The effects of the accident on thyroid cancer (TC) in the surrounding population remain unclear. Radiation-induced TCs have a lower incidence of single nucleotide oncogenic driver mutations and higher incidence of gene fusions. We used next generation sequencing (NGS) to identify molecular signatures of radiation-induced TC in a cohort of TC patients residing near TMI during the time of the accident...
May 29, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554060/using-two-detectors-concurrently-to-monitor-ambient-dose-equivalent-rates-in-vehicle-surveys-of-radiocesium-contaminated-land
#18
Minoru Takeishi, Masaru Shibamichi, Alex Malins, Hiroshi Kurikami, Mitsuhiro Murakami, Jun Saegusa, Masayuki Yoneya
In response to the accident at Tokyo Electric Power Company's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP), vehicle-borne monitoring was used to map radiation levels for radiological protection of the public. By convention measurements from vehicle-borne surveys are converted to the ambient dose equivalent rate at 1 m height in the absence of the vehicle. This allows for comparison with results from other types of survey, including surveys with hand-held or airborne instruments. To improve the accuracy of the converted results from vehicle-borne surveys, we investigated combining measurements from two detectors mounted on the vehicle at different heights above the ground...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552859/radiobiological-implications-of-fukushima-nuclear-accident-for-personalized-medical-approach
#19
Hisanori Fukunaga, Akinari Yokoya, Yasuyuki Taki, Kevin M Prise
On March 11, 2011, a devastating earthquake and subsequent tsunami caused serious damage to areas of the Pacific coast in Fukushima prefecture and prompted fears among the residents about a possible meltdown of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant reactors. As of 2017, over six years have passed since the Fukushima nuclear crisis and yet the full ramifications of the biological exposures to this accidental release of radioactive substances remain unclear. Furthermore, although several genetic studies have determined that the variation in radiation sensitivity among different individuals is wider than expected, personalized medical approaches for Fukushima victims have seemed to be insufficient...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551564/effects-of-local-scale-decontamination-in-a-secondary-forest-contaminated-after-the-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#20
Yoshiko Ayabe, Naoki Hijii, Chisato Takenaka
We investigated whether local-scale decontamination (removal of the litter layer, superficial soil layer, and understory) in a secondary forest contaminated by the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident reduced (137)Cs contamination of the soil and litter. We also measured (137)Cs concentrations in plants and in the web-building spider Nephila clavata (Nephilidae: Arachnida), as an indicator species, to examine (137)Cs contamination in arthropods. One month after decontamination, the total (137)Cs contamination (soil + litter) was reduced by 20% (100 kBq·m(-2)) relative to that in an adjacent untreated (i...
May 25, 2017: Environmental Pollution
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