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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330408/using-and-explaining-individual-dosimetry-data
#1
Makoto Miyazaki
Measurement of individual radiation dose is crucial for planning protective measures after nuclear accidents. The purpose of this article is to explain the various initiatives taken after the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, including the D-shuttle project wherein residents from affected areas wore a personal dosimeter to measure their own external exposure. The experience in Fukushima revealed several issues such as gaining residents' trust and ensuring appropriate communication of the measured data...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330407/roles-and-activities-of-international-organizations-after-the-fukushima-accident
#2
Koichi Tanigawa, Jacques Lochard, May Abdel-Wahab, Malcolm J Crick
After the March 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, overseas experts and representatives of international organizations visited Japan to provide advice, technical support, and resources. Several international meetings on radiological protection and health issues have since been held in Fukushima to provide further advice. The content discussed has changed alongside local developments in health-related issues from radiation health effects and radiological protection to risk communication and psychological, public health, and social issues...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330405/the-fukushima-nuclear-accident-affected-mothers-depression-but-not-maternal-confidence
#3
Aya Goto, Evelyn J Bromet, Misao Ota, Akira Ohtsuru, Seiji Yasumura, Keiya Fujimori
The Fukushima nuclear power plant accident caused widespread radiation contamination. Mothers of young children were at risk of negative emotional and mental health consequences. Using data from 2 independent prefecture-wide surveys of pregnant women, we examined the associations of disaster-related stressors with both maternal self-confidence and depressive symptoms. Two postal surveys were conducted targeting women who registered their pregnancies in Fukushima Prefecture (n = 6686 in 2012 and n = 6423 in 2013)...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330403/communicating-with-residents-about-risks-following-the-fukushima-nuclear-accident
#4
Michio Murakami, Akiko Sato, Shiro Matsui, Aya Goto, Atsushi Kumagai, Masaharu Tsubokura, Makiko Orita, Noboru Takamura, Yujiro Kuroda, Sae Ochi
The Fukushima nuclear accident in March 2011 posed major threats to public health. In response, medical professionals have tried to communicate the risks to residents. To investigate forms of risk communication and to share lessons learned, we reviewed medical professionals' activities in Fukushima Prefecture from the prefectural level to the individual level: public communication through Fukushima Health Management Surveys, a Yorozu ("general") health consultation project, communications of radiological conditions and health promotion in Iitate and Kawauchi villages, dialogues based on whole-body counter, and science communications through online media...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330400/academic-responses-to-fukushima-disaster
#5
Kiyotaka Yasui, Yuko Kimura, Kenji Kamiya, Rie Miyatani, Naohiro Tsuyama, Akira Sakai, Koji Yoshida, Shunichi Yamashita, Rethy Chhem, May Abdel-Wahab, Akira Ohtsuru
Since radiation accidents, particularly nuclear disasters, are rarer than other types of disasters, a comprehensive radiation disaster medical curriculum for them is currently unavailable. The Fukushima compound disaster has urged the establishment of a new medical curriculum in preparation for any future complex disaster. The medical education will aim to aid decision making on various health risks for workers, vulnerable people, and residents addressing each phase in the disaster. Herein, we introduce 3 novel educational programs that have been initiated to provide students, professionals, and leaders with the knowledge of and skills to elude the social consequences of complex nuclear disasters...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330398/mental-health-consequences-and-social-issues-after-the-fukushima-disaster
#6
Masaharu Maeda, Misari Oe
The Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent nuclear power plant accident caused multidimensional and long-term effects on the mental health condition of people living in Fukushima. In this article, focusing on the influence of the nuclear disaster, we present an overview of studies regarding the psychosocial consequences of people in Fukushima. Studies revealed that the experiences of the explosions at the plant as well as the tsunami are deeply embedded in their memory, leading to posttraumatic responses...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330397/fukushima-health-management-survey-and-related-issues
#7
Seiji Yasumura, Masafumi Abe
After the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011, the Tokyo Electric Power Company Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident occurred. The Fukushima prefectural government decided to launch the Fukushima Health Management Survey; Fukushima Medical University was entrusted to design and implement the survey. The survey process and development is described from the standpoint of its background and aim. An overview of the basic survey and 4 detailed surveys is briefly provided. Issues related to the survey are discussed from the perspective of supporting the Fukushima residents...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330396/psychosocial-issues-related-to-thyroid-examination-after-a-radiation-disaster
#8
Sanae Midorikawa, Koichi Tanigawa, Satoru Suzuki, Akira Ohtsuru
A thyroid ultrasound examination program has been conducted in the aftermath of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident to address concerns about the increased risk of thyroid cancer similar to those experienced by local residents after the 1986 Chernobyl accident. This is the second-largest thyroid cancer screening in younger age ever, following only that conducted after Chernobyl. As the natural history of thyroid cancer in younger populations is not well characterized, large-scale screening using thyroid ultrasound could result in overdiagnosis, even with careful planning, as has been experienced in South Korea...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330394/changes-in-cardiovascular-risk-factors-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#9
Tetsuya Ohira, Hironori Nakano, Masato Nagai, Yui Yumiya, Wen Zhang, Mayu Uemura, Akira Sakai, Shigeatsu Hashimoto
The Great East Japan Earthquake occurred on March 11, 2011, and was followed by a nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. The government ordered a mandatory evacuation from the high radioactive concentration area in Fukushima. This evacuation may have forced many evacuees to change specific aspects of their lifestyles such as diet and physical activity, which in turn may lead to future incidence of lifestyle diseases such as cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). To address this concern, the association between the evacuation and changes in CVD risk factors before and after the disaster was examined in the Fukushima Health Management Survey...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330393/exercise-habits-are-important-for-the-mental-health-of-children-in-fukushima-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-disaster
#10
Shuntaro Itagaki, Mayumi Harigane, Masaharu Maeda, Seiji Yasumura, Yuriko Suzuki, Hirobumi Mashiko, Masato Nagai, Tetsuya Ohira, Hirooki Yabe
After the Great East Japan Earthquake and the subsequent nuclear reactor accident, the outdoor activities of children greatly decreased. We investigated adverse effects on the exercise habits and mental health of children after the disaster. The target subjects were children aged 6 to 15 years living inside the government-designated evacuation zone as of March 11, 2011 (n = 29  585). The subjects' parents/guardians completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and exercise habit data were obtained from the 2011 Fukushima Health Management Survey...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330392/from-devastation-to-recovery-and-revival-in-the-aftermath-of-fukushima-s-nuclear-power-plants-accident
#11
Hitoshi Ohto, Seiji Yasumura, Masaharu Maeda, Hiroshi Kainuma, Keiya Fujimori, Kenneth E Nollet
Japan's earthquake, tsunami, and subsequent Fukushima nuclear power plant accident in March 2011 forced the evacuation of 185 000 residents. Psychological and social impacts exacerbated by long-term evacuation and widespread rumors have influenced residents' physical and mental health, despite the fact that no direct fatalities occurred from radiation exposure. However, during the 5 years following the accident, steady recovery in industrial and economic activity has lessened previously widespread, deeply rooted stigma and self-stigma among a significant number of affected victims...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330390/mental-health-status-of-children-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#12
Hirobumi Mashiko, Hirooki Yabe, Masaharu Maeda, Syuntaro Itagaki, Yasuto Kunii, Tetsuya Shiga, Itaru Miura, Yuriko Suzuki, Seiji Yasumura, Hajime Iwasa, Shin-Ichi Niwa, Akira Ohtsuru, Masafumi Abe
The disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant after the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011, might have affected the mental health status of children. To assess the mental health status, we measured the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in 15 274 children (aged 4-15 years). The proportions of those who scored above the cutoff (≥16) of SDQ, reflecting the clinical range of the mental health status, were 25.0% (aged 4-6 years), 22.0% (aged 7-12 years, and 16.3% (aged 13-15 years), which were higher than that in the usual state (9...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330389/radiation-doses-and-associated-risk-from-the-fukushima-nuclear-accident
#13
Tetsuo Ishikawa
The magnitude of dose due to the Fukushima Daiichi Accident was estimated by the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) 2013 report published in April 2014. Following this, the UNSCEAR white paper, which comprises a digest of new information for the 2013 Fukushima report, was published in October 2015. Another comprehensive report on radiation dose due to the accident is the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) report on the Fukushima Daiichi Accident published in August 2015...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325113/what-is-the-screening-effect-six-years-after-the-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#14
Shunichi Yamashita, Vladimir A Saenko
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March 22, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302991/the-effect-of-telephone-support-to-evacuees-with-risks-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-after-a-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#15
Naoko Horikoshi, Tetsuya Ohira, Seiji Yasumura, Hirooki Yabe, Masaharu Maeda
Objectives Fukushima Medical University has been conducting the Fukushima Health Management Survey "Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey" annually as part of the health care of evacuees following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. This study aimed to clarify the effects of telephone support performed by nurses or public health nurses. In particular, we investigated the response rates for questionnaire of the following year and the recommended effect of medical support for evacuees with risks of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in the fiscal year 2011 (FY2011)...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299459/the-impact-of-evacuation-on-the-incidence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#16
Yoshimitsu Hayashi, Masato Nagai, Tetsuya Ohira, Hiroaki Satoh, Akira Sakai, Akira Ohtsuru, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Yukihiko Kawasaki, Hitoshi Suzuki, Atsushi Takahashi, Yoshihiro Sugiura, Hiroaki Shishido, Hideto Takahashi, Seiji Yasumura, Junichiro James Kazama, Shigeatsu Hashimoto, Gen Kobashi, Kotaro Ozasa, Masafumi Abe
BACKGROUND: About 146,000 people were forced into long-term evacuation due to the nuclear power plant accident caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011. Disaster is known to induce hypertension in survivors for a certain period, but it is unclear whether prolonged disaster stress influences chronic kidney disease (CKD). We conducted an observational cohort study to elucidate the effects of evacuation stress on CKD incidence. METHODS: Participants were individuals living in communities near the Fukushima nuclear power plant, aged 40-74 years without CKD as of their 2011 general health checkup (non-evacuees: n = 9780, evacuees: n = 4712)...
March 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291846/are-human-factors-the-primary-cause-of-complications-in-the-field-of-implant-dentistry
#17
Franck Renouard, René Amalberti, Erell Renouard
Complications in medicine and dentistry are usually analyzed from a purely technical point of view. Rarely is the role of human behavior or judgment considered as a reason for adverse outcomes. When the role of human factors is considered, these are usually described in general terms rather than specifically identifying the factors responsible for an adverse event. The impact of cognitive and behavioral factors in the explanation of adverse events has been studied in other high-stakes areas such as aviation and nuclear power...
March 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286303/uncertainty-assessment-method-for-the-cs-137-fallout-inventory-and-penetration-depth
#18
G N Papadakos, D J Karangelos, N P Petropoulos, M J Anagnostakis, E P Hinis, S E Simopoulos
Within the presented study, soil samples were collected in year 2007 at 20 different locations of the Greek terrain, both from the surface and also from depths down to 26 cm. Sampling locations were selected primarily from areas where high levels of (137)Cs deposition after the Chernobyl accident had already been identified by the Nuclear Engineering Laboratory of the National Technical University of Athens during and after the year of 1986. At one location of relatively higher deposition, soil core samples were collected following a 60 m by 60 m Cartesian grid with a 20 m node-to-node distance...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273600/current-significant-challenges-in-the-decommissioning-and-environmental-remediation-of-radioactive-facilities-a-perspective-from-outside-the-nuclear-industry
#19
V Gil-Cerezo, E Domínguez-Vilches, A J González-Barrios
This paper presents the results of implementing an extrajudicial environmental mediation procedure in the socioenvironmental conflict associated with routine operation of the El Cabril Disposal Facility for low- and medium- activity radioactive waste (Spain). We analyse the socio-ethical perspective of this facility's operation with regard to its nearby residents, detailing the structure and development of the environmental mediation procedure through the participation of society and interested parties who are or may become involved in such a conflict...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270259/assessment-of-the-knowledge-of-blast-injuries-management-among-physicians-working-in-tripoli-hospitals-libya
#20
Abdulhakim M Oun, Elmokhtar M Hadida, Charles Stewart
Introduction No study on hospital staff preparedness for managing blast injuries has been conducted in Libya. The internal conflict in Libya since 2011 and the difficulties faced by the hospitals has highlighted the need for such studies. Hypothesis Physicians working in Tripoli (capital city Libya) hospitals are inadequately prepared for the management of blast injuries. METHODS: A survey was conducted in all 13 hospitals in Tripoli between June 2014 and May 2015 by using interviews based on a questionnaire consisting of 29 questions covering physicians' education related to blast injury, hospital management of mass casualties, and aspects of hospital preparedness for such incidents...
March 8, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
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