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Modular hip arthroplasty

Sonika Patel, Carl T Talmo, Sumon Nandi
BACKGROUND: Taper corrosion at the modular junctions of total hip arthroplasty (THA) femoral stems are known to cause locally destructive adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR). However, the implants at risk remain to be fully elucidated. CASE REVIEW: We report the case of a 76-year-old woman with hip pain, abductor weakness, and sciatic nerve symptoms 2 years following metal-on-polyethylene THA. Serum cobalt levels were elevated, while chromium levels were normal...
October 15, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Cody C Wyles, Benjamin A McArthur, Eric R Wagner, Matthew T Houdek, Jose H Jimenez-Almonte, Robert T Trousdale
Trunnionosis and taper corrosion have recently emerged as problems in total hip arthroplasty (THA). No longer restricted to metal-on-metal bearings, these phenomena now affect an increasing number of metal-on-polyethylene THAs and are exacerbated by modularity. Resulting increases in metal toxicity and patient morbidity, and the added costs of toxicity surveillance and revision surgery, will place a substantial economic burden on many health systems. Although they are more expensive than cobalt-chrome heads, ceramic femoral heads make metal toxicity a nonissue...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Chelsea N Koch, Laura Serrano Mateo, Stephen Kayiaros, Kevin A Cassidy, Seth A Jerabek, Alejandro Gonzalez Della Valle
BACKGROUND: Femoral stem fracture following total hip arthroplasty is an uncommon event that requires immediate revision surgery. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We report on four patients who experienced stem fractures of one design and a review of the US Food and Drug Administration adverse event reports on this design. METHODS: Fracture surfaces of four EMPERION™ (Smith & Nephew, Memphis, TN) femoral stems were analyzed under optical and scanning electron microscopy...
October 2016: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
M Chillemi, G Placella, A Caraffa, G Cerulli, P Antinolfi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is a radiographic evaluation and to determine serologic values of chromium and cobalt in the blood and urine of patients who have been implanted with a Stryker(®) ABG II Modular Neck and see if there is correlation with the features of prosthesis and patients. METHODS: The study involves the collection of data from patients operated on for total hip model with the ABG II Modular Neck with a minimum follow-up of 1 year. RESULTS: We evaluated 22 patients who underwent implantation of a hip prosthesis with modular neck in CoCr...
September 28, 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
Robert K Whittaker, Ahmed M Zaghloul, Harry S Hothi, Imran A Siddiqui, Gordon W Blunn, John A Skinner, Alister J Hart
BACKGROUND: A head that is "clinically cold welded" to a stem is one of the commonest reasons for unplanned removal of the stem. It is not clear which hip designs are at greatest risk of clinical cold welding. METHODS: This was a case-control study of consecutively received hip implant retrievals; we chose the design of hip that had the greatest number of truly cold-welded heads (n = 11). For our controls, we chose retrieved hips of the same design but without cold welding of the head (n = 35)...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Tomoya Takasago, Tomohiro Goto, Keizo Wada, Daisuke Hamada, Toshiyuki Iwame, Tetsuya Matsuura, Akihiro Nagamachi, Koichi Sairyo
The type of bearing material that should be used in revision surgery after the failure of ceramic-on-ceramic total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains controversial. In the case of ceramic fracture, the residual ceramic particles can cause consequent metallosis when metal implants are used for revision THA. On the other hand, in the case of THA failure without ceramic fracture, revision THA with a metal femoral head provides satisfactory results. We report an unusual case of progressive osteolysis due to metallosis that developed after revision THA for ceramic liner dissociation without a liner fracture performed using a metal femoral head and polyethylene liner...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Jan F A Somers, Catherine Van Der Straeten, Luc De Coninck
AIM: We report the short-term clinical, radiographic and ion level data of the Conserve Plus metal-on-metal (MoM) big femoral head (BFH) total hip arthroplasty (THA), used with a cemented cobalt-chrome (Co-Cr) Profemur Xm stem and a titanium (Ti) modular neck. RESULTS: In a consecutive series of 40 hips, survivorship at 3 years was 92.5% with revision for any reason. Average Harris Hip Score was 91.3. There were no implant loosenings. No osteolysis was observed...
September 3, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Christoph Schnurr, Bernd Schellen, Jens Dargel, Johannes Beckmann, Peer Eysel, Reinhard Steffen
BACKGROUND: In total hip arthroplasty, short stems were developed as a bone-conserving alternative to traditional cementless stems. So far, there have been very few recorded medium to long-term results of these comparatively new implants. The aim of our retrospective study was to report on the survival of calcar-loading short stems. METHODS: All Metha stem implantations from 2004 to 2014 were recorded from the operation protocols (n = 1888). Due to the chronological development of the stem, 3 different versions were implanted: modular titanium stems with neck adapters from titanium or cobalt-chrome and monoblock stems...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
J Schmolders, S Koob, P Schepers, S Gravius, D C Wirtz, C Burger, P H Pennekamp, A C Strauss
Introduction/Background: With extended life expectancy, the number of primary joint arthroplasties has also increased. Revision surgery is also more often necessary, due to aseptic or septic loosening of the prosthesis or periprosthetic fracture. Large bone defects often occur in these patients and several non-modular, conventional implants are available to handle this difficult situation. Custom made implants offer an individually designed and defect-adapted shape with perfect covering of the lesion, but may delay the operation...
September 15, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Gaku Koyano, Tetsuya Jinno, Daisuke Koga, Yuki Yamauchi, Takeshi Muneta, Atsushi Okawa
BACKGROUND: Femurs of dysplastic hips exhibit specific abnormalities, and use of modular or specially designed components is recommended. An anatomic short stem was previously designed specifically for dysplastic hips using 3-dimensional data acquired from dysplastic patients. To investigate effects of stem geometry on bone remodeling, we undertook a prospective, randomized study of patients who had undergone 1-stage bilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) with the anatomic short stem on one side and a conventional straight stem on the other...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Randa K Elmallah, Jeffrey J Cherian, Robert M Meneghini, William J Hozack, Geoffrey H Westrich, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to provide an update on the "Modular taper junction corrosion and failure: how to approach a recalled total hip arthroplasty implant" (Pivec et al JOA 2014) publication. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive review of the literature in English, with search terms referencing to the diagnosis, management, and outcomes of patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty with a recalled dual modular hip implant. RESULTS: Based on this review and the new guidelines by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons and the Hip Society, we propose an updated algorithm for the diagnosis and management of patients with these recalled implants...
November 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Won Yong Shon, Siva Swaminathan Santhanam, Jung Woo Choi
The difficulties encountered in dealing with the bone deficient acetabulum are amongst the greatest challenges in hip surgery. Acetabular reconstruction in revision total hip arthroplasty can successfully be achieved with hemispherical components featuring a porous or roughened ingrowth surface and options for placement of multiple screws for minor acetabular defect. Acetabular component selection is mostly based on the amount of bone loss present. In the presence of combined cavitary and segmental defects without superior acetabular coverage, reconstructions with a structural acetabular allograft protected by a cage or a custom-made triflange cage have been one of preferred surgical options...
March 2016: Hip Pelvis
Hyung-Gyu Jang, Kyung-Jae Lee, Byung-Woo Min, Hee-Uk Ye, Kyung-Hwan Lim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of revision total hip arthroplasty using modular distal fixation stems for proximal femoral deficiency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients (47 hips) were analyzed more than 24 months after revision total hip arthroplasty that used modular distal fixation stems and was performed between 2006 and 2012. There were proximal femoral defects in all cases. Preoperative femoral defect classification revealed Paprosky type II in 31 cases, type IIIA in 7, and type IIIB in 9...
September 2015: Hip Pelvis
Laura Matsen Ko, Antonia F Chen, Gregory K Deirmengian, William J Hozack, Peter F Sharkey
BACKGROUND: Modular femoral heads provide procedural enhancement by allowing accurate restoration of hip offset and limb-length equalization. However, corrosion may lead to adverse local tissue reactions. Severe trunnion corrosion can also lead to femoral head dissociation and catastrophic implant failure following primary total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: We describe 5 cases, from our institution, in which the femoral head became dissociated from the femoral stem trunnion secondary to severe corrosion...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
A R MacLeod, N P T Sullivan, M R Whitehouse, H S Gill
OBJECTIVES: Modular junctions are ubiquitous in contemporary hip arthroplasty. The head-trunnion junction is implicated in the failure of large diameter metal-on-metal (MoM) hips which are the currently the topic of one the largest legal actions in the history of orthopaedics (estimated costs are stated to exceed $4 billion). Several factors are known to influence the strength of these press-fit modular connections. However, the influence of different head sizes has not previously been investigated...
August 2016: Bone & Joint Research
Genymphas B Higgs, Daniel W MacDonald, Jeremy L Gilbert, Clare M Rimnac, Steven M Kurtz
BACKGROUND: Taper design has been identified as a possible contributor to fretting corrosion damage at modular connections in total hip arthroplasty systems, but variations in as-manufactured taper interfaces may confound this analysis. This study characterized taper damage in retrievals with 2 different taper sizes but comparable taper surface finishes and investigated if fretting and corrosion damage is related to taper size in the context of a multivariable analysis for metal-on-polyethylene bearings...
September 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Matteo Cadossi, Flávio Luís Garcia, Andrea Sambri, Isabella Andreoli, Dante Dallari, Giovanni Pignatti
BACKGROUND: Inadequate acetabular bone stock is a major issue in total hip arthroplasty, and several treatment options are available. Stemmed cups have been used in this scenario with variable results. A novel modular polyaxial uncemented iliac screw cup (HERM-BS-Sansone cup-Citieffe s.r.l., Calderara di Reno, Bologna, Italy) has been recently introduced to overcome the drawbacks of stemmed cups. In this retrospective study, we report the results of this cup in patients with large acetabular bone defects at 2- to 7-year follow-up...
June 23, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Johannes A Eckert, Ulrike Mueller, Sebastian Jaeger, Benjamin Panzram, J Philippe Kretzer
Tribocorrosion in taper junctions of retrieved anatomic shoulder arthroplasty implants was evaluated. A comparison of the tribocorrosion between cobalt-chromium and titanium alloy stems was conducted and the observations were correlated with the individual's clinical data. Adverse effects caused by metal debris and subsequent elevated serum metal ion levels are frequently reported in total hip arthroplasty. In total shoulder arthroplasty, to date only a small number of retrieval analyses are available and even fewer address the issue of tribocorrosion at the taper junctions...
2016: BioMed Research International
Konrad Sebastian Wronka, Peter Herman Johan Cnudde
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to evaluate stem subsidence and survivorship of implant following implantation of Revitan (Zimmer) and MP (Waldemar Link) stems. METHODS: Retrospective case series with clinical and radiological follow-up of 1-10 years. RESULTS: 47 Revitan and 57 MP stems were analyzed. In 12 cases there was subsidence of the stem present. Two Revitan stems and one MP stem were revised as a result of subsidence. Failure rate was 4...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics
Wael A Rahman, Tomás Amenábar, Bandar M Hetaimish, Oleg A Safir, Paul R Kuzyk, Allan E Gross
BACKGROUND: This is a retrospective review of the functional outcomes and complications of revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) of failed metal-on-metal (MoM) hip arthroplasty. METHODS: A total of 20 revision THAs were performed in 19 patients. Of them, 2 cases were failed hip resurfacing, and 18 cases were failed (MoM) THA. The mean age at revision (THA) was 59.35 years (standard deviation [SD] 9.83). RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 45 months (SD 13...
May 6, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
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