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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291419/neuroprotective-effect-of-olfactory-ensheathing-cells-co-transfected-with-nurr1-and-ngn2-in-both-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-models-of-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Qingqing Liu, Qi Qin, Hongxue Sun, Di Zhong, Ran An, Yushuang Tian, Hongping Chen, Jing Jin, Haining Wang, Guozhong Li
AIMS: The aim of the study is to evaluate the neuroprotective effects of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) with the overexpression of nuclear receptor-related factor 1 (Nurr1) and neurogenin 2 (Ngn2) in experimental models of Parkinson's disease (PD) and to elucidate the potential mechanism underlying the neuroprotective effects of OECs-Nurr1-Ngn2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro study, OECs-Nurr1-Ngn2 conditioned medium (CM) was added to MPP+-treated PC12 cells for 24h, and then the viability of PC12 cells, oxidative stress and apoptosis were detected...
December 29, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240240/ultrasound-triggered-effects-of-the-microbubbles-coupled-to-gdnf-and-nurr1-loaded-pegylated-liposomes-in-a-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Peijian Yue, Lin Gao, Xuejing Wang, Xuebing Ding, Junfang Teng
The purpose of this study was to investigate ultrasound-triggered effects of the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) + nuclear receptor-related factor 1 (Nurr1)-polyethylene glycol (PEG)ylated liposomes-coupled microbubbles (PLs-GDNF+Nurr1-MBs) on behavioral impairment and neuron loss in a rat model of Parkinson's disease (PD). The unloaded PEGylated liposomes-coupled microbubbles (PLs-MBs) were characterized for zeta potential, particle size, and concentration. 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) was used to establish the PD rat model...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227287/creating-a-graft-friendly-environment-for-stem-cells-in-diseased-brains
#3
Robert Yl Tsai
Most of the adult CNS lacks regenerative activity in terms of both neuron birth and neurite outgrowth. While this regeneration-unfriendly environment of the adult CNS may preserve the existing neuronal circuitry that takes years to develop in higher organisms, it also poses a major obstacle for CNS repair later in life. In this issue of the JCI, Song et al. report on their development of a strategy that uses region-specific and molecularly engineered astrocytes to turn an unfavorable brain environment into a favorable one for engrafted neural stem/progenitor cells (NSC/NPCs)...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227284/cografting-astrocytes-improves-cell-therapeutic-outcomes-in-a-parkinson-s-disease-model
#4
Jae-Jin Song, Sang-Min Oh, Oh-Chan Kwon, Noviana Wulnansari, Hyun-Seob Lee, Mi-Yoon Chang, Eunsoo Lee, Woong Sun, Sang-Eun Lee, Sunghoe Chang, Heeyoung An, C Justin Lee, Sang-Hun Lee
Transplantation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) is a potential therapy for treating neurodegenerative disorders, but this approach has faced many challenges and limited success, primarily because of inhospitable host brain environments that interfere with enriched neuron engraftment and function. Astrocytes play neurotrophic roles in the developing and adult brain, making them potential candidates for helping with modification of hostile brain environments. In this study, we examined whether astrocytic function could be utilized to overcome the current limitations of cell-based therapies in a murine model of Parkinson's disease (PD) that is characterized by dopamine (DA) neuron degeneration in the midbrain...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209166/mir-145-5p-nurr1-tnf-%C3%AE-signaling-induced-microglia-activation-regulates-neuron-injury-of-acute-cerebral-ischemic-reperfusion-in-rats
#5
Xuemei Xie, Li Peng, Jin Zhu, Yang Zhou, Lingyu Li, Yanlin Chen, Shanshan Yu, Yong Zhao
Nurr1 is a member of the nuclear receptor 4 family of orphan nuclear receptors that is decreased in inflammatory responses and leads to neurons death in Parkinson's disease. Abnormal expression of Nurr1 have been attributed to various signaling pathways, but little is known about microRNAs (miRNAs) regulation of Nurr1 in ischemia/reperfusion injury. To investigate the post transcriptional regulatory networks of Nurr1, we used a miRNA screening approach and identified miR-145-5p as a putative regulator of Nurr1...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207913/generation-of-dopamine-secreting-cells-from-human-adipose-tissue-derived-stem-cells-in-vitro
#6
Mohammad Hasan Soheilifar, Arash Javeri, Hossein Amini, Masoumeh Fakhr Taha
Several studies have demonstrated the differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hADSCs) to neuronal and glial phenotypes, but directing the fate of these cells toward dopaminergic neurons has not been frequently reported. The aim of the present study was to investigate dopaminergic specification of hADSCs in vitro. ADSCs were isolated from subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue and were characterized. For dopaminergic differentiation, a cocktail of sonic hedgehog, fibroblast growth factor 8, basic fibroblast growth factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor were used under a low serum condition...
December 5, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199243/daphnane-and-phorbol-diterpenes-anti-neuroinflammatory-compounds-with-nurr1-activation-from-the-roots-and-stems-of-daphne-genkwa
#7
Baek-Soo Han, Nguyen Van Minh, Ha-Young Choi, Jung-Su Byun, Won-Gon Kim
The methanol extract of the roots and stems of Daphne genkwa and its constituents yuanhuacin (1) and genkwanine N were previously reported to have Nurr1 activating effects and neuroprotective effects in an animal model of Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, four more daphnane-type diterpenes (acutilonine F (2), wikstroemia factor M1 (3), yuanhuadine (5), and yuanhuatine (6)) and two phorbol-type diterpenes (prostratin Q (4) and 12-O-n-deca-2,4,6-trienoyl-phorbol-(13)-acetate (7)) were isolated as Nurr1 activating compounds from the D...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163030/tcf12-is-involved-in-early-cell-fate-determination-and-subset-specification-of-midbrain-dopamine-neurons
#8
Simone Mesman, Marten P Smidt
The basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) protein family has previously been shown to be involved in the development of mesodiencephalic dopaminergic (mdDA) neurons in the murine midbrain. Specifically, Ngn2 and Mash1 are known to have a role in the specification of neural progenitors in the ventricular zone (VZ) of the midbrain towards an mdDA neuronal cell-fate. Furthermore, other members of the bHLH protein family, the E-box factors, are expressed in the developing midbrain and are thought to have a role in neuronal differentiation...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152652/effect-of-wnt1-and-wnt5a-on-the-development-of-dopaminergic-neurons-and-toxicity-induced-by-combined-exposure-to-paraquat-and-maneb-during-gestation-and-lactation
#9
Jing Ma, Cui Huang, Kun Ma, Yan-Ping Wu, Bai-Xiang Li, Yan Sun
Paraquat (PQ) and maneb (MB) are widely used herbicides. Wingless (Wnt) proteins serve a role in the development and differentiation of dopaminergic neurons. Previous studies demonstrated that combined exposure to PQ and MB damages dopaminergic neurons in the midbrain. Effects of PQ and MB exposure on midbrain Wnt proteins have also been previously reported. In the present study, from the 5th day of gestation to weaning of the offspring, pregnant Sprague‑Dawley rats were administrated saline, or PQ and MB at two different doses: high, 15 mg/kg body weight PQ + 45 mg/kg body weight MB; or low, 10 mg/kg body weight PQ + 30 mg/kg body weight MB...
October 19, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147905/transcriptional-regulation-of-dj-1
#10
Kazuko Takahashi-Niki, Takeshi Niki, Sanae M M Iguchi-Ariga, Hiroyoshi Ariga
DJ-1 is an oncogene and also a causative gene for familial Parkinson's disease. DJ-1 has various functions, and the oxidative status of a cysteine residue at position 106 (C106) is crucial for determination of the activation level of DJ-1.DJ-1 binds to many proteins, including various transcription factors, and acts as a coactivator or corepressor for regulating their target genes without direct binding to DNA, thereby affecting various cell functions. DJ-1-regulating transcription factors and their modified proteins are the androgen receptor and its regulatory proteins, p53; polypyrimidine tract-binding protein-associated splicing factor (PSF); Keap1, an inhibitor for nuclear factor erythroid2-related factor 2 (Nrf2); sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP); Ras-responsive element-binding protein (RREB1); signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1); and Nurr1...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145474/long-3-utr-of-nurr1-mrnas-is-targeted-by-mirnas-in-mesencephalic-dopamine-neurons
#11
Luis Alberto Pereira, Roberto Munita, Marcela Paz González, María Estela Andrés
The development of mesencephalic dopamine neurons and their survival later in life requires the continuous presence of the transcription factor Nurr1 (NR4A2). Nurr1 belongs to the nuclear receptors superfamily. However, it is an orphan member that does not require a ligand to regulate the transcription of its target genes. Therefore, controlling the expression of Nurr1 is an important manner to control its function. Several reports have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate Nurr1 expression. However, Nurr1 has several splicing variants, posing the question what variants are subjected to miRNA regulation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115391/effect-on-the-dopaminergic-metabolism-induced-by-oral-exposure-to-simazine-during-the-prepubertal-period-in-rats
#12
Xueting Li, Jia Yu, Yanping Wu, Baixiang Li
The herbicide simazine is widely used in agricultural and non-agricultural fields. Studies have shown that simazine inhibits the proliferation of dopaminergic cells and affects the developmental differentiation of dopamine neurons. However, little is known about the effects of simazine on dopaminergic metabolism. Therefore, the present study examined the effects of simazine on Sprague‑Dawley (SD) rats from weaning to puberty (40 days exposure). Simazine was administered orally to SD rats at doses of 0, 12...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042395/nuclear-receptor-profiling-in-prostatospheroids-and-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#13
Zhu Wang, Dinglan Wu, Chi-Fai Ng, Jeremy Yuen-Chun Teoh, Shan Yu, Yuliang Wang, Franky Leung Chan
Nuclear receptors (NRs), which belong to a superfamily of transcription factors and consist of a total of 48 members in humans, govern the expression of genes involved in a board range of developmental, reproductive, metabolic and immunological programs. Given the significant importance of androgen receptor and a few known NRs in the progression of prostate cancer, we surveyed the expression profiles of the entire NR superfamily in three-dimensional (3D) cultured prostatospheroids derived from different prostate cancer cell lines and a tumor xenograft model of castration-resistant prostate cancer VCaP-CRPC by quantitative real-time RT-PCR...
October 17, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989991/region-specific-effects-of-aging-and-the-nurr1-null-heterozygous-genotype-on-dopamine-neurotransmission
#14
Evangel Kummari, Shirley Guo-Ross, Jeffrey B Eells
The transcription factor Nurr1 is essential for dopamine neuron differentiation and is important in maintaining dopamine synthesis and neurotransmission in the adult. Reduced Nurr1 function, due to the Nurr1-null heterozygous genotype (+/-), impacts dopamine neuron function in a region specific manner resulting in a decrease in dopamine synthesis in the dorsal and ventral striatum and a decrease in tissue dopamine levels in the ventral striatum. Additionally, maintenance of tissue dopamine levels in the dorsal striatum and survival of nigrostriatal dopamine neurons with aging (>15 months) or after various toxicant treatments are impaired...
June 2017: Neurochemistry & Neuropharmacology: Open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943456/permethrin-pesticide-induces-nurr1-up-regulation-in-dopaminergic-cell-line-is-the-pro-oxidant-effect-involved-in-toxicant-neuronal-damage
#15
Laura Bordoni, Donatella Fedeli, Cinzia Nasuti, Melania Capitani, Dennis Fiorini, Rosita Gabbianelli
The mechanisms associated to the development of neurodegeneration due to pesticide exposure are not clear yet. In this study we evaluated how permethrin pesticide (PERM) can influence the Nurr1 gene and protein expression, and if a pro-oxidant activity of the pesticide contributes to up-regulation of Nurr1 in a dopaminergic cell line. Incubation of PC12 cells with 1μM PERM for 72h, leads to over expression of Nurr1 gene. This effect occurs with both corn oil and extra virgin olive oil (EVO) used to solubilize the toxicant...
September 22, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904869/high-glucose-stimulates-expression-of-aldosterone-synthase-cyp11b2-and-secretion-of-aldosterone-in-human-adrenal-cells
#16
Hiroki Shimada, Naotaka Kogure, Erika Noro, Masataka Kudo, Kaori Sugawara, Ikuko Sato, Kyoko Shimizu, Makoto Kobayashi, Dai Suzuki, Rehana Parvin, Takako Saito-Ito, Akira Uruno, Akiko Saito-Hakoda, William E Rainey, Sadayoshi Ito, Atsushi Yokoyama, Akira Sugawara
Aldosterone synthase is the key rate-limiting enzyme in adrenal aldosterone production, and induction of its gene (CYP11B2) results in the progression of hypertension. As hypertension is a frequent complication among patients with diabetes, we set out to elucidate the link between diabetes mellitus and hypertension. We examined the effects of high glucose on CYP11B2 expression and aldosterone production using human adrenal H295R cells and a stable H295R cell line expressing a CYP11B2 5'-flanking region/luciferase cDNA chimeric construct...
September 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878618/the-non-survival-effects-of-glial-cell-line-derived-neurotrophic-factor-on-neural-cells
#17
REVIEW
Daniel Cortés, Oscar A Carballo-Molina, María José Castellanos-Montiel, Iván Velasco
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) was first characterized as a survival-promoting molecule for dopaminergic neurons (DANs). Afterwards, other cells were also discovered to respond to GDNF not only as a survival factor but also as a protein supporting other cellular functions, such as proliferation, differentiation, maturation, neurite outgrowth and other phenomena that have been less studied than survival and are now more extendedly described here in this review article. During development, GDNF favors the commitment of neural precursors towards dopaminergic, motor, enteric and adrenal neurons; in addition, it enhances the axonal growth of some of these neurons...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844658/direct-reprogramming-of-resident-ng2-glia-into-neurons-with-properties-of-fast-spiking-parvalbumin-containing-interneurons
#18
Maria Pereira, Marcella Birtele, Shelby Shrigley, Julio Aguila Benitez, Eva Hedlund, Malin Parmar, Daniella Rylander Ottosson
Converting resident glia into functional and subtype-specific neurons in vivo by delivering reprogramming genes directly to the brain provides a step forward toward the possibility of treating brain injuries or diseases. To date, it has been possible to obtain GABAergic and glutamatergic neurons via in vivo conversion, but the precise phenotype of these cells has not yet been analyzed in detail. Here, we show that neurons reprogrammed using Ascl1, Lmx1a, and Nurr1 functionally mature and integrate into existing brain circuitry and that the majority of the reprogrammed neurons have properties of fast-spiking, parvalbumin-containing interneurons...
September 12, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800627/suppressive-effects-of-rxr-agonist-pa024-on-adrenal-cyp11b2-expression-aldosterone-secretion-and-blood-pressure
#19
Dai Suzuki, Akiko Saito-Hakoda, Ryo Ito, Kyoko Shimizu, Rehana Parvin, Hiroki Shimada, Erika Noro, Susumu Suzuki, Ikuma Fujiwara, Hiroyuki Kagechika, William E Rainey, Shigeo Kure, Sadayoshi Ito, Atsushi Yokoyama, Akira Sugawara
The effects of retinoids on adrenal aldosterone synthase gene (CYP11B2) expression and aldosterone secretion are still unknown. We therefore examined the effects of nuclear retinoid X receptor (RXR) pan-agonist PA024 on CYP11B2 expression, aldosterone secretion and blood pressure, to elucidate its potential as a novel anti-hypertensive drug. We demonstrated that PA024 significantly suppressed angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced CYP11B2 mRNA expression, promoter activity and aldosterone secretion in human adrenocortical H295R cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800615/pitx3-and-en1-determine-the-size-and-molecular-programming-of-the-dopaminergic-neuronal-pool
#20
Willemieke M Kouwenhoven, Lars von Oerthel, Marten P Smidt
Mesodiencephalic dopaminergic (mdDA) neurons are located in the ventral midbrain. These neurons form the substantia nigra (SNc) and the ventral tegmental area (VTA). Two transcription factors that play important roles in the process of terminal differentiation and subset-specification of mdDA neurons, are paired-like homeodomain transcription factor 3 (Pitx3), and homeobox transcription factor Engrailed 1 (En1). We previously investigated the single Pitx3KO and En1KO and observed important changes in the survival of mdDA neurons of the SNc and VTA as well as altered expression of pivotal rostral- and caudal-markers, Ahd2 and Cck, respectively...
2017: PloS One
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