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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903561/keeping-weight-off-study-protocol-of-an-rct-to-investigate-brain-changes-associated-with-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction
#1
Carl Fulwiler, Julia A Siegel, Jeroan Allison, Milagros C Rosal, Judson Brewer, Jean A King
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a growing epidemic fuelled by unhealthy behaviours and associated with significant comorbidities and financial costs. While behavioural interventions produce clinically meaningful weight loss, weight loss maintenance is challenging. This may partially be due to failure to target stress and emotional reactivity. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) reduces stress and emotional reactivity and may be a useful tool for behaviour change maintenance. This study seeks to provide a mechanistic understanding for clinical trials of the benefits of MBSR for weight loss maintenance by examining changes in functional connectivity (FC) and the association of these changes with clinical outcomes...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890474/an-exploratory-study-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-emotional-eating
#2
Emily Levoy, Asimina Lazaridou, Judson Brewer, Carl Fulwiler
Emotional eating is an important predictor of weight loss and weight regain after weight loss. This two part study's primary aim was to explore changes in emotional eating in a general population of individuals taking the Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program, with a secondary aim to explore whether changes in mindfulness predicted changes in emotional eating. Self-reported survey data exploring these questions were collected before and after the intervention for two sequential studies (Study 1 and Study 2)...
November 24, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887679/-mindfulness-based-interventions-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-mechanisms-of-action-and-presentation-of-a-pilot-study
#3
M Gasnier, A Pelissolo, G Bondolfi, S Pelissolo, M Tomba, L Mallet, K N'diaye
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a frequent and severe disease, potentially inducing a major impairment for the patient and burden for their family. Recent research in psychiatry and neuroscience have led to better comprehension of the disease's mechanisms and helped to improve its treatment. However, a large proportion of patients have refractory symptoms, including for traditional cognitive and behavioral therapy by exposure and response prevention (ERP), leading clinicians to look for new treatments...
November 22, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827541/can-mindfulness-based-interventions-influence-cognitive-functioning-in-older-adults-a-review-and-considerations-for-future-research
#4
Lotte Berk, Martin van Boxtel, Jim van Os
OBJECTIVES: An increased need exists to examine factors that protect against age-related cognitive decline. There is preliminary evidence that meditation can improve cognitive function. However, most studies are cross-sectional and examine a wide variety of meditation techniques. This review focuses on the standard eight-week mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) such as mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). METHOD: We searched the PsychINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science, COCHRANE, and PubMed databases to identify original studies investigating the effects of MBI on cognition in older adults...
November 9, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720794/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-in-post-treatment-breast-cancer-patients-immediate-and-sustained-effects-across-multiple-symptom-clusters
#5
Richard R Reich, Cecile A Lengacher, Carissa B Alinat, Kevin E Kip, Carly Paterson, Sophia Ramesar, Heather S Han, Roohi Ismail-Khan, Versie Johnson-Mallard, Manolete Moscoso, Pinky Budhrani-Shani, Steve Shivers, Charles E Cox, Matthew Goodman, Jong Park
CONTEXT: Breast cancer survivors (BCS) face adverse physical and psychological symptoms, often co-occurring. Biological and psychological factors may link symptoms within clusters, distinguishable by prevalence and/or severity. Few studies have examined the effects of behavioral interventions or treatment of symptom clusters. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify symptom clusters among post-treatment BCS and determine symptom cluster improvement following the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Breast Cancer (MBSR(BC)) program...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688143/effects-of-karate-training-versus-mindfulness-training-on-emotional-well-being-and-cognitive-performance-in-later-life
#6
Petra Jansen, Katharina Dahmen-Zimmer, Brigitte M Kudielka, Anja Schulz
In a randomized controlled trial, we investigated the effects of karate versus a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention on well-being and cognitive functioning in older adults. Fifty-five adults (52-81 years old) participated in twice-weekly karate versus MBSR sessions or no training for 8 weeks. In pre- and postassessments, subjective well-being, health, cognitive functioning, and chronic stress were measured. Preassessment hair cortisol served as physiological stress marker. The results showed an improvement for the karate group, but not the MBSR and control group, in subjective mental health and anxiety as well as cognitive processing speed...
September 29, 2016: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677965/relationship-between-meditation-depth-and-waking-salivary-alpha-amylase-secretion-among-long-term-mbsr-instructors
#7
Alyson Haslam, Michael D Wirth, Sara Wagner Robb
The purpose of this study was to characterize sympathetic activity by using waking salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) concentrations in a group of long-term meditation instructors and to examine the association between meditation (depth, dose and duration) and the waking alpha-amylase response. Salivary alpha-amylase samples were collected (immediately upon waking and at 15-min, 30-min and 45-min intervals after waking) from mindfulness-based stress reduction instructors to determine both the area under the curve and the awakening slope (difference in alpha-amylase concentrations between waking and 30-min post-waking)...
September 28, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642373/mindfulness-and-mood-stimulate-each-other-in-an-upward-spiral-a-mindful-walking-intervention-using-experience-sampling
#8
Rinske A Gotink, Karlijn S F M Hermans, Nicole Geschwind, Reinier De Nooij, Wouter T De Groot, Anne E M Speckens
The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility and effectiveness of mindful walking in nature as a possible means to maintain mindfulness skills after a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) or mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) course. Mindful walking alongside the river Rhine took place for 1, 3, 6, or 10 days, with a control period of a similar number of days, 1 week before the mindful walking period. In 29 mindfulness participants, experience sampling method (ESM) was performed during the control and mindful walking period...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632925/the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-on-cardiac-patients-blood-pressure-perceived-stress-and-anger-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Javad Momeni, Abdollah Omidi, Fariba Raygan, Hossein Akbari
This study aimed at assessing the effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on cardiac patients' blood pressure (BP), perceived stress, and anger. In total, 60 cardiac patients were recruited between April and June 2015 from a specialized private cardiac clinic located in Kashan, Iran. Patients were allocated to the intervention and control groups. Patients in the experimental group received MBSR in eight 2.5-hour sessions, while patients in the control group received no psychological therapy. The main outcomes were BP, perceived stress, and anger...
October 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612341/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-military-women-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-a-feasibility-study
#10
Carol D Crisp, Marie Hastings-Tolsma, Karen R Jonscher
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common reasons women seek gynecologic health care services is for chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and women in the military are no exception. For women diagnosed with CPP, the burden can be difficult as they struggle to perform military obligations. A chronic low-grade systemic disease believed triggered by inflammation, CPP is difficult to diagnose and treat. With limited treatment strategies available, this study sought to examine the feasibility of implementing a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program in a military population...
September 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580462/cognitive-effects-of-mbsr-mbct-a-systematic-review-of-neuropsychological-outcomes
#11
REVIEW
So-An Lao, David Kissane, Graham Meadows
Mindfulness is theorised to improve attention regulation and other cognitive processes. This systematic review examines whether 8-week standardised and manualised mindfulness training programs such as Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) enhances attention, memory and executive function abilities measured by objective neuropsychological tests. Seven databases were searched resulting in 18 studies meeting inclusion criteria for review. Overall studies did not support attention or executive function improvements...
October 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535243/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-medical-students-optimising-student-satisfaction-and-engagement
#12
Declan Aherne, Katie Farrant, Louise Hickey, Emma Hickey, Lisa McGrath, Deirdre McGrath
BACKGROUND: Medical practitioners and students are at increased risk of a number of personal and psychological problems. Stress and anxiety due to work-load and study requirements are common and self-care methods are important in maintaining well-being. The current study examines perceptions of and satisfaction ratings with a mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) programme for 1(st) year (compulsory) and 2(nd) year (optional) Graduate Entry Medical School students. METHODS: A mixed method pre and post study of Year 1 (n = 140) and Year 2 (n = 88) medical students completing a 7 week MBSR course compared student satisfaction ratings...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529583/a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-for-the-treatment-of-palpitations-a-pilot-study
#13
Justine E Owens, John Schorling, Margaret Plews-Ogan, Matthew Goodman, Randall Moorman, Ryan Zaklin, John Dent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27518489/mindfulness-based-intervention-does-not-influence-cardiac-autonomic-control-or-pattern-of-physical-activity-in-fibromyalgia-during-daily-life-an-ambulatory-multi-measure-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Paul Grossman, Gunnar Deuring, Harald Walach, Barbara Schwarzer, Stefan Schmidt
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia is a syndrome characterized by severe pain, fatigue and sleep disturbance. There is evidence of central hyper-responsiveness to sensory stimulation and impaired cardiovascular autonomic control. Laboratory investigations suggest that mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) may improve autonomic functioning in fibromyalgia. However, these findings may not reflect what occurs during naturalistic conditions, and MBSR studies during real-life functioning are lacking...
August 11, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511921/a-secondary-analysis-of-sleep-quality-changes-in-older-adults-from-a-randomized-trial-of-an-mbsr-program
#15
Autumn M Gallegos, Jan Moynihan, Wilfred R Pigeon
This secondary analysis examined changes in sleep quality associated with participation in a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program among healthy older adults. Data were collected at baseline, 8-weeks post-treatment, and a 6-month follow-up from adults aged ≥ 65 (N = 200), randomly assigned to MBSR or a waitlist control. Group differences were examined using mixed analysis of covariance with repeated measures on the total Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score. A small-sized, significant effect was found on overall sleep among MBSR participants with baseline PSQI scores > 5, indicative of a sleep disturbance, F(2, 80) = 4...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498209/physical-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-central-pain-mechanisms-for-female-sexual-pain
#16
Carolyn Vandyken, Sandra Hilton
INTRODUCTION: The complexity of female sexual pain requires an interdisciplinary approach. Physical therapists trained in pelvic health conditions are well positioned to be active members of an interdisciplinary team addressing the assessment and treatment of female sexual pain. Changes within physical therapy practice in the last ten years have resulted in significant utilization of pelvic floor muscle relaxation and manual therapy techniques to address a variety of pelvic pain conditions, including female sexual pain...
August 3, 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487300/effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-bibliotherapy-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Holly Hazlett-Stevens, Yelena Oren
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled investigation examined the effectiveness of a self-help bibliotherapy format of the evidence-based mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention. METHOD: College students seeking stress reduction were randomly assigned to a 10-week MBSR bibliotherapy intervention group (n = 47) or a no-treatment control group (n = 45). Self-report measures were collected at baseline and postintervention. RESULTS: A total of 25 bibliotherapy and 43 control group participants provided final data following the intervention period...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450407/the-attitudes-of-physicians-nurses-physical-therapists-and-midwives-toward-complementary-medicine-for-chronic-pain-a-survey-at-an-academic-hospital
#18
Eléonore Aveni, Brent Bauer, Anne-Sylvie Ramelet, Yolande Kottelat, Isabelle Decosterd, Guillaume Finti, Pierluigi Ballabeni, Eric Bonvin, Pierre-Yves Rodondi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the attitudes of physicians, nurses, physical therapists, and midwives toward complementary medicine (CM) at a Swiss academic hospital and toward its use for treating chronic pain. DESIGN: The cross-sectional survey took place from October to December 2013. SETTING: An e-mail sent to 4925 healthcare professionals (1969 physicians, 2372 nurses, 145 physical therapists, and 111 midwives) working at Lausanne University Hospital, Switzerland, invited them to answer a web-based questionnaire...
September 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441505/mindfulness-as-an-intervention-for-breast-cancer-survivors
#19
Deirdre Kiely, Shira Schwartz
Breast cancer survivors often turn to complementary health approaches (CHAs) to address the effects of treatment. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a type of CHA that uses attentional and meditative exercises to minimize stress and increase awareness of the present. This article aims to determine whether adequate evidence-based research with uniform methodologies and outcomes to support MBSR as an intervention for breast cancer survivors exists.
August 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440398/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-managers-a-randomized-controlled-study
#20
D Żołnierczyk-Zreda, M Sanderson, S Bedyńska
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), which was initially used in clinical settings, has also proved to be an effective tool for managing work-related stress in occupational groups inherently exposed to certain psychosocial risks. AIMS: To examine the potential for work-related stress management using MBSR for middle-level managers who are considered to be particularly affected by the negative effects of stress related to organizational restructuring...
July 20, 2016: Occupational Medicine
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