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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615905/four-weekly-ayahuasca-sessions-lead-to-increases-in-acceptance-capacities-a-comparison-study-with-a-standard-8-week-mindfulness-training-program
#1
Joaquim Soler, Matilde Elices, Elisabeth Dominguez-Clavé, Juan C Pascual, Amanda Feilding, Mayte Navarro-Gil, Javier García-Campayo, Jordi Riba
Background: The therapeutic effects of the Amazonian plant tea ayahuasca may relate to its ability to enhance mindfulness capacities. Ayahuasca induces a modified state of awareness through the combined action of its active principles: the psychedelic N,N- dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and a series of centrally acting β-carbolines, mainly harmine and tetrahydroharmine. To better understand the therapeutic potential of ayahuasca, here we compared the impact on mindfulness capacities induced by two independent interventions: (a) participation in four ayahuasca sessions without any specific purpose related to improving mindfulness capacities; and (b) participation in a standard mindfulness training course: 8 weeks mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), with the specific goal of improving these skills...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599849/the-integration-of-the-workable-range-model-into-a-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-course-a-practice-based-case-study
#2
Sally A Rose, David Sheffield, Martyn Harling
Didactic teaching about stress is part of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) curriculum. The content and methods of integrating conceptual teaching within the experiential pedagogy are rarely explored. Workable range is a model of stress and emotion regulation that illustrates patterns of physical, emotional and cognitive reactivity in relation to mindful presence. This is a qualitative case study of the inclusion of the workable range model into an MBSR course as a refinement of the didactic teaching about stress...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578373/the-application-of-mbsr-in-a-stress-management-intervention-in-a-study-of-a-mining-sector-company
#3
Dorota Molek-Winiarska, Dorota Żołnierczyk-Zreda
PURPOSE: The aim of the article was to check if mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) is an effective intervention in reducing work-related stress in the case of workers of a copper mine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 66 employees were randomized to the experimental group (32 participants) or to the control group (34 participants). Work-related stress was measured using Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) (Karasek, 1979) and mental health was measured using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) (Goldberg, 1990)...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578127/mindfulness-meditation-for-primary-headache-pain-a-meta-analysis
#4
Qiang Gu, Jin-Chao Hou, Xiang-Ming Fang
Background: Several studies have reported that mindfulness meditation has a potential effect in controlling headaches, such as migraine and tension-type headache; however, its role remains controversial. This review assessed the evidence regarding the effects of mindfulness meditation for primary headache pain. Methods: Only English databases (PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials [the Cochrane Library], PsycINFO, Psychology and behavioral science collection, PsyArticles, Web of Science, and Scopus) were searched from their inception to November 2016 with the keywords ("meditation" or "mindfulness" or "vipassana" or "dzogchen" or "zen" or "integrative body-mind training" or "IBMT" or "mindfulness-based stress reduction" or "MBSR" or "mindfulness-based cognitive therapy" or "MBCT" and "Headache" or "Head pain" or "Cephalodynia" or "Cephalalgia" or "Hemicrania" or "Migraine")...
April 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558650/emotional-clarity-and-attention-to-emotions-in-cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-and-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#5
Rachel M Butler, Matthew T Boden, Thomas M Olino, Amanda S Morrison, Philippe R Goldin, James J Gross, Richard G Heimberg
We examined (1) differences between controls and patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) in emotional clarity and attention to emotions; (2) changes in emotional clarity and attention to emotions associated with cognitive-behavioral group therapy (CBGT), mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), or a waitlist (WL) condition; and (3) whether emotional clarity and attention to emotions moderated changes in social anxiety across treatment. Participants were healthy controls (n = 37) and patients with SAD (n = 108) who were assigned to CBGT, MBSR, or WL in a randomized controlled trial...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525593/microbial-community-evolution-of-black-and-stinking-rivers-during-in-situ-remediation-through-micro-nano-bubble-and-submerged-resin-floating-bed-technology
#6
Yanmei Sun, Shiwei Wang, Junfeng Niu
Microbes play important roles during river remediation and the interaction mechanism illustration between microorganisms and sewage is of great significance to improve restoration technology. In this study, micro-nano bubble and submerged resin floating bed composite technology (MBSR) was firstly used to restore two black and stinking urban rivers. After restoration, the water pollution indices such as dissolved oxygen (DO), ammonia nitrogen (NH4 + -N), total phosphorous (TP), chemical oxygen demand (CODCr ), water clarity, and the number of facial coliform were significantly improved...
March 2, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497560/acceptability-of-mindfulness-from-the-perspective-of-stroke-survivors-and-caregivers-a-qualitative-study
#7
Bhautesh Dinesh Jani, Robert Simpson, Maggie Lawrence, Sharon Simpson, Stewart W Mercer
Background: Depression is very common among stroke survivors with estimated prevalence rates of approximately 33% among stroke survivors, but treatment options are limited. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) is an effective treatment for depression generally, but benefits in stroke patients are unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of delivering MBSR to stroke survivors and their caregivers in the community. We conducted a study to gain views of MBSR as a potential treatment option among stroke survivors and their caregivers in the community...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421829/impact-of-depression-and-psychosocial-treatment-on-heart-rate-variability-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-an-exploratory-analysis-based-on-the-heidis-trial
#8
Verena Zimmermann-Schlegel, Beate Wild, Peter Nawroth, Stefan Kopf, Wolfgang Herzog, Mechthild Hartmann
OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of depression on heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) as a marker of autonomic nervous system (ANS) impairment in depressed and non-depressed patients with advanced type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to explore possible effects of an acceptance- and mindfulness-based group intervention (MBSR) on HR and HRV. METHODS: Alongside a prospective clinical trial, we collected demographic, psychosocial and clinical data from 113 chronic T2DM patients in a standardized setting...
February 8, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405918/economic-impact-of-third-wave-cognitive-behavioral-therapies-a-systematic-review-and-quality-assessment-of-economic-evaluations-in-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Albert Feliu-Soler, Ausiàs Cebolla, Lance M McCracken, Francesco D'Amico, Martin Knapp, Alba López-Montoyo, Javier García-Campayo, Joaquim Soler, Rosa M Baños, Adrián Pérez-Aranda, Laura Andrés-Rodriguez, María Rubio-Valera, Juan V Luciano
The term third-wave cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) encompasses new forms of CBT that both extend and innovate within CBT. Most third-wave therapies have been subject to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) focused on clinical effectiveness; however, the number and quality of economic evaluations in these RCTs has been unknown and may be few. Evidence about efficiency of these therapies may help support decisions on efficient allocation of resources in health policies. The main aim of this study was to systematically review the economic impact of third-wave therapies in the treatment of patients with physical or mental conditions...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387265/impact-of-mindfulness-based-teacher-training-on-mbsr-participant-well-being-outcomes-and-course-satisfaction
#10
Pauline Eva Ruijgrok-Lupton, Rebecca S Crane, Dusana Dorjee
Growing interest in mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) has resulted in increased demand for MBP teachers, raising questions around safeguarding teaching standards. Training literature emphasises the need for appropriate training and meditation experience, yet studies into impact of such variables on participant outcomes are scarce, requiring further investigation. This feasibility pilot study hypothesised that participant outcomes would relate to teachers' mindfulness-based teacher training levels and mindfulness-based teaching and meditation experience...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377335/being-mindful-of-mindfulness-interventions-in-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-intervention-reporting-and-study-methodology
#11
REVIEW
Joanne Shaw, Natasha Sekelja, Diana Frasca, Haryana M Dhillon, Melanie A Price
While mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) have demonstrated efficacy in clinical populations, the potential therapeutic benefit of mindfulness in the context of cancer is less clear. The aim of this review was to critically appraise mindfulness intervention reporting and study methodology. METHODS: Studies using randomized control trial design and/or a control arm were included. PubMed, Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Embase databases between January 1999 and April 2017 were searched...
January 26, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373618/effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-in-a-community-sample-over-2-years
#12
Laura Madson, Beverly Klug, Linda Madson, Tamara Stimatze, Kerri Eness-Potter, Justin MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies have demonstrated that mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) improves clinical and nonclinical outcomes, few studies have followed MBSR participants for >12 months, and few have analyzed post-intervention home practice. METHODS: We followed a community sample of 247 self-referred adults for 2 years after completion of an 8-week MBSR program. Dependent variables, including self-reported anxiety, depression, perceived wellness, mindfulness, and duration and frequency of continued home practice, were measured before and after the program and every 6 months after...
February 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364935/effects-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-on-employees-mental-health-a-systematic-review
#13
Math Janssen, Yvonne Heerkens, Wietske Kuijer, Beatrice van der Heijden, Josephine Engels
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this exploratory study was to obtain greater insight into the effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) on the mental health of employees. METHODS: Using PsycINFO, PubMed, and CINAHL, we performed a systematic review in October 2015 of studies investigating the effects of MBSR and MBCT on various aspects of employees' mental health. Studies with a pre-post design (i.e. without a control group) were excluded...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338322/associations-of-mindfulness-with-depressive-symptoms-and-well-being-in-older-adults-the-moderating-role-of-neuroticism
#14
Ari J Elliot, Autumn M Gallegos, Jan A Moynihan, Benjamin P Chapman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether observed interactions of mindfulness with the personality trait neuroticism extend to older adults and to aspects of psychological functioning other than depressive symptoms, and whether effects of mindfulness training in this population depend on levels of neuroticism. METHOD: We performed a secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for community-dwelling older adults...
January 17, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335233/internet-based-group-intervention-for-ovarian-cancer-survivors-feasibility-and-preliminary-results
#15
Ellen M Kinner, Jessica S Armer, Bonnie A McGregor, Jennifer Duffecy, Susan Leighton, Marya E Corden, Janine Gauthier Mullady, Frank J Penedo, Susan K Lutgendorf
BACKGROUND: Development of psychosocial group interventions for ovarian cancer survivors has been limited. Drawing from elements of cognitive-behavioral stress management (CBSM), mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), we developed and conducted preliminary testing of an Internet-based group intervention tailored specifically to meet the needs of ovarian cancer survivors. The Internet-based platform facilitated home delivery of the psychosocial intervention to a group of cancer survivors for whom attending face-to-face programs could be difficult given their physical limitations and the small number of ovarian cancer survivors at any one treatment site...
January 15, 2018: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333218/impact-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-therapy-on-myocardial-function-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-female-patients-with-microvascular-angina
#16
Bong Joon Kim, In Suk Cho, Kyoung Im Cho
Background: Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a structured group program that employs mindfulness meditation to alleviate suffering associated with physical, psychosomatic, and psychiatric disorders. In this study, we investigate the impact of MBSR on left ventricular (LV) and endothelial function in female patients with microvascular angina. Methods: A total of 34 female patients (mean age 52.2 ± 13.8 years) diagnosed with microvascular angina underwent a MBSR program with anti-anginal medication for 8 weeks...
December 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306887/developing-professional-caregivers-empathy-and-emotional-competencies-through-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-results-of-two-proof-of-concept-studies
#17
Martin Lamothe, Pierre McDuff, Yves D Pastore, Michel Duval, Serge Sultan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR)-based intervention and determine if the intervention is associated with a significant signal on empathy and emotional competencies. DESIGN: Two pre-post proof-of-concept studies. SETTING: Participants were recruited at the University of Montreal's Psychology Department (Study 1) and the CHU Sainte-Justine Department of Hematology-Oncology (Study 2)...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211754/testing-the-mindfulness-to-meaning-theory-evidence-for-mindful-positive-emotion-regulation-from-a-reanalysis-of-longitudinal-data
#18
Eric L Garland, Adam W Hanley, Phillipe R Goldin, James J Gross
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Mindfulness to Meaning Theory (MMT) provides a detailed process model of mindful positive emotion regulation. DESIGN: We conducted a post-hoc reanalysis of longitudinal data (N = 107) derived from a RCT of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) versus cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for social anxiety disorder to model the core constructs of the MMT (attentional control, decentering, broadened awareness, reappraisal, and positive affect) in a multivariate path analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197404/integrated-mental-health-care-and-vocational-rehabilitation-to-improve-return-to-work-rates-for-people-on-sick-leave-because-of-exhaustion-disorder-adjustment-disorder-and-distress-the-danish-ibbis-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Rie Poulsen, Jonas Fisker, Andreas Hoff, Carsten Hjorthøj, Lene Falgaard Eplov
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders are important contributors to the global burden of disease and cause negative effects on both the individual and society. Stress-related disorders influence the individual's workability and cause early retirement pensions in Denmark. There is no clear evidence that mental health care alone will provide sufficient support for vocational recovery for this group. Integrated vocational and health care services have shown good effects on return to work in other similar welfare contexts...
December 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187408/review-of-systematic-reviews-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-cancer-survivors
#20
Morvwen Duncan, Elisavet Moschopoulou, Eldrid Herrington, Jennifer Deane, Rebecca Roylance, Louise Jones, Liam Bourke, Adrienne Morgan, Trudie Chalder, Mohamed A Thaha, Stephanie C Taylor, Ania Korszun, Peter D White, Kamaldeep Bhui
OBJECTIVES: Over two million people in the UK are living with and beyond cancer. A third report diminished quality of life. DESIGN: A review of published systematic reviews to identify effective non-pharmacological interventions to improve the quality of life of cancer survivors. DATA SOURCES: Databases searched until May 2017 included PubMed, Cochrane Central, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Web of Science, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and PsycINFO...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Open
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