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Role of clinical pharmacist

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214219/perpetuating-stigma-or-reducing-risk-perspectives-from-naloxone-consumers-and-pharmacists-on-pharmacy-based-naloxone-in-2-states
#1
Traci C Green, Patricia Case, Haley Fiske, Janette Baird, Shachan Cabral, Dina Burstein, Victoriana Schwartz, Nathan Potter, Alexander Y Walley, Jeffrey Bratberg
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about attitudes of pharmacists and consumers to pharmacy naloxone. We examined perceptions and experiences of pharmacy naloxone from people with opioid use disorder, patients taking chronic opioids for pain, caregivers of opioid users, and pharmacists from 2 early pharmacy naloxone adopter states: Massachusetts and Rhode Island. DESIGN: Eight focus groups (4 per state) were held in October to December 2015. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants were recruited from pharmacies, health clinics, and community organizations; pharmacists were recruited from professional organizations and pharmacy colleges...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210986/the-role-of-the-pharmacist-in-managing-type-2-diabetes-with-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-as-add-on-therapy
#2
REVIEW
Jerry Meece
: The prevalence and associated clinical burden of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing in the USA and other countries. As a consequence, the role of the pharmacist in managing T2D is expanding, and it is becoming increasingly important for pharmacists to have a complete understanding of the disease course and treatment options. Pharmacists have a key role in the use of injectable therapies, including incretin-based treatment with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs). This article discusses the role of the pharmacist in the management of patients with T2D, particularly with respect to the use of GLP-1RAs to achieve glycemic control...
February 16, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191032/safety-of-new-daas-for-chronic-hcv-infection-in-a-real-life-experience-role-of-a-surveillance-network-based-on-clinician-and-hospital-pharmacist
#3
A Nappi, A Perrella, P Bellopede, A Lanza, A Izzi, M Spatarella, C Sbreglia
BACKGROUND: Direct Antiviral Agents (DAAs) for HCV therapy represents a step ahead in the cure of chronic hepatitis C. Notwithstanding the promising results in several clinical trials, few data are available on adverse effects in real life settings. METHODS: We have evaluated 170 patients with persistent infection and on those eligible to treatment we have followed up them through a network managed by clinician and hospital pharmacist. RESULTS: According to our data we have found that 41% (32 out of 78) of enrolled patients experienced adverse reactions, of these 40% were in those under 65 years while 60% was in patients older than 65 years, SVR was achieved in 88% of the patients (including drop-out)...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190480/documenting-the-evolution-of-the-relationship-between-the-pharmacy-support-workforce-and-pharmacists-to-support-patient-care
#4
Tamara Koehler, Andrew Brown
Since 2009 there has been a focus on the relationship between pharmacy technicians, pharmacy support workforce cadres and pharmacists in the literature. 2009-2011 saw a framework of role evolution develop, with publications from 2012 to 2015 documenting further maturity in the development of practice models for improved patient care and optimal use of personnel. The dominant narrative in the published academic literature has been made by certain high- income countries (mainly Canada, Denmark, United Kingdom and the United States of America)...
March 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187759/supporting-adherence-to-oral-anticancer-agents-clinical-practice-and-clues-to-improve-care-provided-by-physicians-nurse-practitioners-nurses-and-pharmacists
#5
Lonneke Timmers, Christel C L M Boons, Mathieu Verbrugghe, Bart J F van den Bemt, Ann Van Hecke, Jacqueline G Hugtenburg
BACKGROUND: Healthcare provider (HCP) activities and attitudes towards patients strongly influence medication adherence. The aim of this study was to assess current clinical practices to support patients in adhering to treatment with oral anticancer agents (OACA) and to explore clues to improve the management of medication adherence. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational study among HCPs in (haemato-)oncology settings in Belgium and the Netherlands was conducted in 2014 using a composite questionnaire...
February 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181318/factors-influencing-the-degree-of-physician-pharmacist-collaboration-within-iraqi-public-healthcare-settings
#6
Ali Azeez Al-Jumaili, Mohammed D Al-Rekabi, William Doucette, Ahmed H Hussein, Hayder K Abbas, Furqan H Hussein
OBJECTIVES: Medication safety and effectiveness can be improved through interprofessional collaboration. The goals of this study were to measure the degree of physician-pharmacist collaboration within Iraqi governmental healthcare settings and to investigate factors influencing this collaboration. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Al-Najaf Province using the Collaborative Working Relationship Model and Physician-Pharmacist Collaborative Instrument (PPCI)...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181087/fasting-diabetes-and-optimizing-health-outcomes-for-ramadan-observers-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Hadi A Almansour, Betty Chaar, Bandana Saini
INTRODUCTION: Globally, and in Australia, diabetes has become a common chronic health condition. Diabetes is also quite prevalent in culturally and linguistically diverse pockets of the Australian population, including Muslims. There are over 90 million Muslims with diabetes worldwide. Diabetes management and medication use can be affected by religious practices such as fasting during Ramadan. During Ramadan, Muslims refrain from oral or intravenous substances from sunrise to sunset...
February 8, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179248/provision-of-annual-wellness-visits-with-comprehensive-medication-management-by-a-clinical-pharmacist-practitioner
#8
Tasha Woodall, Suzanne E Landis, Shelley L Galvin, Tim Plaut, Mary T Roth McClurg
PURPOSE: The effectiveness and financial benefit of pharmacist-led annual wellness visits (AWVs) in conjunction with comprehensive medication management (CMM) for older, high-risk patients were examined. METHODS: Eligible patients were 65 years of age or older with three or more chronic medical conditions, taking five or more long-term prescription or nonprescription medications and receiving primary care in a retirement community clinic. The intervention involved two components, an AWV and CMM...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176529/biosimilars
#9
James G Stevenson, Robert Popovian, Ira Jacobs, Susan Hurst, Lesley G Shane
OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific and regulatory aspects of biosimilar development and practical considerations for the use of biosimilars that are relevant to pharmacists. DATA SOURCES: Literature searches of PubMed and congress abstracts for publications pertaining to biosimilars were conducted from January 2016 to January 2017. Individual drug company web pages and governmental, regulatory, and other agency websites were also reviewed. STUDY SELECTION/DATA EXTRACTION: Published articles, regulatory guidelines, and other sources covering biologic/biosimilar development and approval, reporting results of biosimilar studies or survey research, and/or identifying biosimilars in development or approved for use in Europe or the United States were reviewed and included...
February 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176199/effects-of-antirheumatic-drug-underutilization-on-rheumatoid-arthritis-disease-activity
#10
Mohammad A Y Alqudah, Sayer Al-Azzam, Karem Alzoubi, Mohammad Alkhatatbeh, Khaldoon Alawneh, Ola Alazzeh, Bayan Ababneh
BACKGROUND: Following the recommended guidelines is crucial for achieving patient remission in rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of proper drug utilization of antirheumatic drugs on disease activity and drug safety in Jordan. METHODS: In a retrospective cross-sectional study, patient's demographics, clinical variables, drug regimens and side effects were recorded and the 28-joint disease activity scores were calculated. Patients were stratified into high, moderate, low disease activity or remission group...
February 8, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164385/learning-to-prescribe-through-co-working-junior-doctors-pharmacists-and-consultants
#11
Christy Noble, Stephen Billett
CONTEXT: Learning to prescribe is challenging for junior doctors. Significant efforts have been made to improve prescribing education, especially in view of the high rates of prescribing errors made by junior doctors. However, considerations of educational options often overlook the fact that learning to prescribe and prescribing practices rely on practice-based interactions with informed practitioners, such as pharmacists and consultants. Pharmacists have long made important contributions to developing prescribing capacities...
February 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156613/what-does-palliative-care-mean-diverse-definitions-from-cancer-care-providers
#12
Rebecca A Ferrer, Michelle Mollica, Grace Huang, Angela Falisi, Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou
: 40 Background: Existing literature on the epistemology of palliative care has mostly centered on patient/family perspectives. Understanding how multi-disciplinary healthcare providers themselves define palliative care is a critical step towards addressing barriers and harnessing facilitators that affect optimal delivery. METHODS: Semi-structured key informant interviews (N = 19) were conducted with members of healthcare provider teams as part of a qualitative study on goals of care for cancer patients enrolled in clinical trials...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156579/snapshot-of-an-outpatient-supportive-care-center-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#13
Maxine Grace De la Cruz, Angelique Wong, Debra Castro, Eduardo Bruera
: 145 Background: Integration of Palliative Care (PC) in oncology has been found to improve symptom distress, quality of life and survival in patients with advanced cancer. Early integration is most appropriate in the outpatient (OP) setting. However, most PC services in the U.S. do not have an OP component. Our study aims to provide a snapshot of the type of patients that are referred to this novel setting for the delivery of early PC. METHODS: We reviewed a day in the SCC to illustrate the structure and process involved in the delivery of outpatient PC...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152836/an-interactive-video-based-approach-to-diet-education-for-patients-posthematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#14
Amy Emmert, Robert Soiffer, Edwin Alyea, Joseph Harry Antin, Brett Glotzbecker
: 183 Background: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) is a complex process in which patient education is increasingly recognized as a critical element to enhance patient preparedness and survivorship. Diet-related education to prevent infectious complications is an essential part of HCT care. Current teaching methods include one-on-one clinician/patient discussion supported with printed materials. Video based teaching may strengthen the learning process of patients and their caregivers...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125370/a-systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-cancer-treatment-on-work-productivity-of-patients-and-caregivers
#15
Khalid M Kamal, Jordan R Covvey, Ankur Dashputre, Somraj Ghosh, Surbhi Shah, Monali Bhosle, Christopher Zacker
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a leading cause of death with substantial financial costs. While significant data exist on the economic burden of care, less is known about the indirect costs of treatment and, specifically, the effect on work productivity of patients and their caregivers. To examine the full effect of cancer and the potential value of new therapies, all aspects of care, including indirect costs and patient-reported outcomes, should be evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of the literature examining the effect of cancer treatment on work productivity in patients and their caregivers...
February 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123189/health-care-professionals-opinions-and-expectations-of-clinical-pharmacy-services-on-a-surgical-ward
#16
Bernadette Chevalier, Heather L Neville, Kara Thompson, Lisa Nodwell, Michael MacNeil
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists have made significant contributions to patient care and have been recognized as integral members of the interprofessional team. Health care professionals differ in their opinions and expectations of clinical pharmacy services. Very little has been published about health care professionals' perspectives on advanced clinical pharmacy roles, such as prescriptive authority or administration of vaccines. In 2013, clinical pharmacy services were introduced in a vascular and general surgery ward where a pharmacist had not previously been assigned...
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122755/incorporating-a-pharmacist-into-an-interprofessional-team-providing-transgender-care-under-a-medical-home-model
#17
Cheyenne Newsome, Leslie Colip, Nathaniel Sharon, Jessica Conklin
PURPOSE: A pharmacist's role in providing care to transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) patients within a medical home model of care is described. SUMMARY: A comprehensive transgender services clinic was established in February 2015 in New Mexico. Clinic services are provided under an "informed consent" model of care, as opposed to the traditional "gatekeeper" approach. The clinic's interprofessional team consists of a clinical pharmacist, a psychiatrist, a nurse practitioner, an endocrinologist, a diabetes educator, a massage therapist, a nurse, a nutritionist, and medical assistants...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120773/medication-reconciliation-a-tool-to-prevent-adverse-drug-events-in-geriatrics-medicine
#18
Anaïs Berthe, Clémentine Fronteau, Éloïse Le Fur, Caroline Morin, Jean-François Huon, Isabelle Rouiller-Furic, Marielle Berlioz-Thibal, Gilles Berrut, Aline Lepelletier
Iatrogenic effects represent a large part of emergency admissions among elderly people. Throughout the care pathway of a patient, whether he is at home or hospitalized, many different health professionals are involved regarding the patient's medication. Medication reconciliation is one way to prevent adverse drug events at all care transitions for every patient by eliminating undocumented intentional discrepancies and unintentional discrepancies in the patient's medication. The aim of this article is to present the different activities of clinical pharmacy developed since 2011 in a follow up and rehabilitation geriatric care service, including medication reconciliation activity...
January 23, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118967/pharmacists-perceptions-and-communication-of-risk-for-alertness-impairing-medications
#19
Ibrahim Jomaa, Mariam Odisho, Janet M Y Cheung, Keith Wong, Jason G Ellis, Tanya Smyth, Bandana Saini
BACKGROUND: A core role of the pharmacist is to ensure safe and effective medication use. Therapeutic classes that impair alertness (e.g. sedatives or hypnotics) can pose safety concerns for the consumer when undertaking activities requiring psychomotor vigilance (e.g. driving). OBJECTIVE: To explore pharmacists' perceptions and communication strategy of the risks related to alertness impairing medications in clinical practice. METHODS: In-depth semi-structured interviews explored community pharmacists' perceptions of medication-related risks, current medication provision and the feasibility of new practice tools...
January 10, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100559/what-is-involved-in-medicines-management-across-care-boundaries-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-practitioners-experiences-in-the-case-of-acute-kidney-injury
#20
Denham L Phipps, Rebecca L Morris, Tom Blakeman, Darren M Ashcroft
OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of individual and collective cognitive work in managing medicines for acute kidney injury (AKI), this being an example of a clinical scenario that crosses the boundaries of care organisations and specialties. DESIGN: Qualitative design, informed by a realist perspective and using semistructured interviews as the data source. The data were analysed using template analysis. SETTING: Primary, secondary and intermediate care in England...
January 18, 2017: BMJ Open
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