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Role of clinical pharmacist

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130384/characterising-the-growth-in-palliative-care-prescribing-2011-2015-analysis-of-national-medical-and-non-medical-activity
#1
Lucy Ziegler, Michael I Bennett, Matt Mulvey, Tim Hamilton, Alison Blenkinsopp
BACKGROUND: The role of non-medical prescribers working in palliative care has been expanding in recent years and prescribers report improvements in patient care, patient safety, better use of health professionals' skills and more flexible team working. Despite this, there is a lack of empirical evidence to demonstrate its clinical and economic impact, limiting our understanding of the future role of non-medical prescribers within a healthcare system serving an increasing number of people with palliative care needs...
November 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123479/knowledge-on-alzheimer-s-disease-among-public-hospitals-and-health-clinics-pharmacists-in-the-state-of-selangor-malaysia
#2
Thimarul Huda Mat Nuri, Yet Hoi Hong, Long Chiau Ming, Suhaidah Mohd Joffry, Muhamad Faiz Othman, Chin Fen Neoh
The prevalence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has increased with the fast growing of aging population, thereby posing great challenges to provision of care for AD patients. Pharmacists play a vital role in the management of AD; this includes recognizing early symptoms of AD, providing medication counseling to AD patients and their caretakers, and identifying potential adverse drug reactions. A comprehensive understanding of the disease progression, as well as the pharmacological therapy, is essential to provide effective care to AD patients...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116462/the%C3%A2-effect-of-partial-patients-adherence-to-antihypertensive-drugs-scope-for-pharmacists-role-in-hypertension-care
#3
Marine Sitbon, Jennifer Corny, Hélène Beaussier, Yvonnick Bézie
In many individuals, blood pressure varies between clinic visits conducted days, weeks, or months apart. This visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of blood pressure has been recently related with an increased risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, and mortality, independently of mean blood pressure. As for other chronical diseases, patients' adherence to hypertensive therapies remains low and partial adherence to antihypertensive treatment may constitute a source of VVV, as suggested by recent studies. This data should lead to a new clinical approach for hypertension care, based on patients' real adherence to treatment...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114971/patient-and-public-perspectives-of-community-pharmacies-in-the-united-kingdom-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Ali M K Hindi, Ellen I Schafheutle, Sally Jacobs
BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom has been at the forefront of enhancing pharmacist roles and community pharmacy services, particularly over the past decade. However, patient and public awareness of community pharmacy services has been limited. OBJECTIVE: To identify and synthesize the research literature pertaining to patient and public perspectives on: existing community pharmacy services, extended pharmacist roles and strategies to raise awareness of community pharmacy services...
November 8, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113728/expanding-the-clinical-role-of-community-pharmacy-a-qualitative-ethnographic-study-of-medication-reviews-in-ontario-canada
#5
Sarah J Patton, Fiona A Miller, Lusine Abrahamyan, Valeria E Rac
Medication reviews by community pharmacists are an increasingly common strategy to improve medication management for chronic conditions, and are part of wider efforts to make more effective use of community-based health professionals. To identify opportunities to optimize the medication review program in Ontario, Canada, we explored how providers and clients interpret and operationalize medication reviews within everyday community pharmacy practice. We conducted a qualitative ethnographic study at four pharmacies in Ontario, Canada, including non-participant observation of provider and client activities and interactions with specific attention to medication reviews, as well as brief ethnographic interviews with providers and clients, and in-depth, semi-structured interviews with providers...
November 4, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113107/redesigning-journal-clubs-to-staying-current-with-the-literature
#6
Roland N Dickerson, G Christopher Wood, Joseph M Swanson, Rex O Brown
Staying current with the literature is of paramount importance to the pharmacist engaged in an evidence-based clinical practice. Given the expanding roles and responsibilities of today's pharmacists combined with exponential growth in new medical and health sciences literature, staying current has become an extremely daunting task. Traditional journal clubs have focused upon their role as a training vehicle for teaching critical reading skills to residents. However, schools of pharmacy are now required to provide instruction in biostatistics, research design, and interpretation...
November 6, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109564/discrepancies-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-patient-care-and-how-pharmacists-can-support-an-evolved-practice
#7
Erin Maxwell, Stephanie Salch, Monique Boliko, Genevieve Anakwe-Charles
We live in an increasingly multicultural society with people from different ethnicities and beliefs. In recent years, we have witnessed a growing group of people who identify as having diverse sexual orientations and gender identities. Members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community have historically been marginalized by the health care industry. The disproportionate prevalence of LGBT health concerns and cultural prejudices may be overlooked by many practitioners. As pharmacists, we are in an optimal position to affect meaningful changes in how we treat, counsel, and interact with all our patients, including with those whose sexual orientation or gender identity differ from ours...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104008/structured-pharmacist-led-intervention-programme-to-improve-medication-adherence-in-copd-patients-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Suhaj Abdulsalim, Mazhuvancherry Kesavan Unnikrishnan, Mohan K Manu, Alian A Alrasheedy, Brian Godman, Donald E Morisky
BACKGROUND: COPD is characterised by a progressive airflow limitation in the lungs. However, adherence to therapy improves management of symptoms and delays disease progression. Therefore, patients' knowledge and awareness about the disease are important. Hence, pharmacist-led educational interventions could achieve this and improve medication adherence. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a clinical pharmacist-led intervention on medication adherence in COPD patients in a teaching hospital...
October 26, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102998/development-of-a-clinical-pharmacy-model-within-an-australian-home-nursing-service-using-co-creation-and-participatory-action-research-the-visiting-pharmacist-vip-study
#9
Rohan A Elliott, Cik Yin Lee, Christine Beanland, Dianne P Goeman, Neil Petrie, Barbara Petrie, Felicity Vise, June Gray
OBJECTIVE: To develop a collaborative, person-centred model of clinical pharmacy support for community nurses and their medication management clients. DESIGN: Co-creation and participatory action research, based on reflection, data collection, interaction and feedback from participants and other stakeholders. SETTING: A large, non-profit home nursing service in Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Older people referred to the home nursing service for medication management, their carers, community nurses, general practitioners (GPs) and pharmacists, a multidisciplinary stakeholder reference group (including consumer representation) and the project team...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091149/interventions-of-the-clinical-pharmacist-in-an-intermediate-care-unit-for-elderly-patients
#10
Stéphanie de Souza Costa Viana, Tiago Arantes, Sabrina Corrêa da Costa Ribeiro
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the role of the clinical pharmacist in hospital care of critical elderly patients. METHODS: Critical patients aged 60 years and over admitted by the clinical staff to an Intermediate Care Unit were followed-up for 4 months regarding their drug therapies. Medical prescriptions were reviewed daily on the basis of patients' clinical conditions, with the view to identify opportunities for optimization of drug therapies, contributing to safer prescribing, reduced discomfort and correct and rational use of drugs...
July 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083974/patient-satisfaction-with-medicare-annual-wellness-visits-administered-by-a-clinical-pharmacist-practitioner
#11
Christina H Sherrill, Jamie Cavanaugh, Betsy Bryant Shilliday
BACKGROUND: In accordance with the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Medicare provides coverage for annual wellness visits (AWVs) to eligible beneficiaries, which focus on preventative services, furnish personalized preventative health plans, and direct appropriate referrals. These visits may be conducted by a physician or another licensed practitioner working under the direct supervision of a physician. In North Carolina, pharmacists licensed as clinical pharmacist practitioners (CPPs) may perform and bill for AWVs, but there are limited data on patient satisfaction with pharmacists serving in this advanced role...
November 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083272/healthcare-provider-perceptions-of-the-role-of-interprofessional-care-in-access-to-and-outcomes-of-primary-care-in-an-underserved-area
#12
Shaowei Wan, Peter G Teichman, David Latif, Jennifer Boyd, Rahul Gupta
To meet the needs of an aging population who often have multiple chronic conditions, interprofessional care is increasingly adopted by patient-centred medical homes and Accountable Care Organisations to improve patient care coordination and decrease costs in the United States, especially in underserved areas with primary care workforce shortages. In this cross-sectional survey across multiple clinical settings in an underserved area, healthcare providers perceived overall outcomes associated with interprofessional care teams as positive...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079387/management-of-allergic-rhinitis-a-review-for-the-community-pharmacist
#13
REVIEW
J Russell May, William K Dolen
PURPOSE: Allergic rhinitis is a highly prevalent disease affecting the quality of life of millions of North Americans. The management of allergic rhinitis includes allergen avoidance, pharmacotherapy, and immunotherapy. Current pharmacologic options include oral and intranasal antihistamines, intranasal corticosteroids, oral and intranasal decongestants, oral and intranasal anticholinergics, and leukotriene receptor antagonists. Second-generation oral antihistamines and intranasal corticosteroids are the mainstays of treatment, with practice guidelines recommending intranasal corticosteroids as first-line treatment for moderate to severe allergic rhinitis...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075954/the-role-of-clinical-pharmacists-in-the-emergency-department
#14
Brenna M Farmer, Bryan D Hayes, Rama Rao, Natalija Farrell, Lewis Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058510/medical-student-perceptions-of-an-initial-collaborative-immersion-experience
#15
Joseph B House, Jacob Cedarbaum, Fatema Haque, Michael Wheaton, Jennifer Vredeveld, Joel Purkiss, Laurel Moore, Sally A Santen, Michelle Daniel
Recent reviews of interprofessional education (IPE) highlight the need for innovative curricula focused on longitudinal clinical learning. We describe the development and early outcomes of the initial clinical experience (ICE), a longitudinal practice-based course for first-year medical students. While IPE courses focus on student-to-student interaction, ICE focuses on introducing students to interprofessional collaboration. Students attend 14 sessions at one of 18 different clinical sites. They work directly with different health professionals from among 17 possible professions, including nurses, pharmacists, social workers, and respiratory, occupational, and physical therapists...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050538/evaluation-of-the-head-and-neck-cancer-patient-population-and-the-incidence-of-hospitalization-at-an-academic-medical-center
#16
Lindsay A Hazelden, Matthew J Newman, Stephanie Shuey, Julie M Waldfogel, Victoria T Brown
Purpose Patients with head and neck cancer are at risk for disease- and treatment-related toxicities that may be severe enough to require hospitalization. The risk factors associated with hospitalization in these patients are not well defined. Methods We conducted a single-center, retrospective observational study of patients with head and neck cancer receiving chemotherapy at an academic medical center infusion clinic in a one-year period. The primary objective was to characterize the head and neck cancer population at an academic medical center...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035964/medication-safety-programs-in-primary-care-a-scoping-review
#17
Hanan Khalil, Monica Shahid, Libby Roughead
BACKGROUND: Medication safety plays an essential role in all healthcare organizations; improving this area is paramount to quality and safety of any wider healthcare program. While several medication safety programs in the hospital setting have been described and the associated impact on patient safety evaluated, no systematic reviews have described the impact of medication safety programs in the primary care setting. A preliminary search of the literature demonstrated that no systematic reviews, meta-analysis or scoping reviews have reported on medication safety programs in primary care; instead they have focused on specific interventions such as medication reconciliation or computerized physician order entry...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016883/pharmacists-role-in-opioid-safety-a-focus-group-investigation
#18
Daniel M Hartung, Jennifer Hall, Sarah N Haverly, David Cameron, Lindsey Alley, Christi Hildebran, Nicole O'Kane, Deborah Cohen
Objective: The pharmacist's role and responsibilities in addressing the opioid epidemic have yet to be clearly defined, particularly from the patient's point of view. This qualitative study explores the pharmacist's role in promoting opioid safety from the perspective of pharmacists and patients. Design: Focus groups. Setting: Patient groups were held in person, and pharmacist groups were held online. Subjects: Oregon pharmacists (N = 19, M age  = 39...
June 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990292/investigating-the-impact-of-the-universal-healthcare-coverage-programme-on-community-pharmacy-practice
#19
Andi Hermansyah, Erica Sainsbury, Ines Krass
The introduction of Universal Healthcare Coverage (JKN) in 2014 has changed the landscape of the Indonesian healthcare and affected the community pharmacy sector. This paper investigates perceptions of healthcare and pharmacy stakeholders about the impact of JKN on the practice of pharmacists and pharmacy in both public (Puskesmas) and private (Community or Retail pharmacy) settings. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted from February to August 2016 involving 29 participants representing key stakeholders from different provinces in Indonesia...
October 9, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970452/defining-the-role-of-the-pharmacy-technician-and-identifying-their-future-role-in-medicines-optimisation
#20
Melanie Boughen, Jane Sutton, Tess Fenn, David Wright
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, pharmacy technicians have worked alongside pharmacists in community and hospital pharmacy. Changes within pharmacy provide opportunity for role expansion and with no apparent career pathway, there is a need to define the current pharmacy technician role and role in medicines optimisation. AIM: To capture the current roles of pharmacy technicians and identify how their future role will contribute to medicines optimisation. METHODS: Following ethical approval and piloting, an online survey to ascertain pharmacy technicians' views about their roles was undertaken...
July 15, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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