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Yanbo Liu, Wanguo Yang, Lijing Zhao, Zuowen Liang, Weigao Shen, Qinlong Hou, Zhenjiang Wang, Jing Jiang, Sun Ying
BACKGROUND: Bladder cancer, cystitis and bladder polyp are the most common urinary system diseases all over the world. Our former research results show that IL-17A and IL-17 F contribute to the pathogenesis of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (Pca) while IL-17E interacting with IL-17RB might have an anti-tumor effect. RESULTS: Using imunohistochemistry, we systemically compared immunoreactivity of ligands (IL-17A, E and F) and receptors (IL-17RA, IL-17RB and IL-17RC) of IL-17 family, infiltration of inflammatory cells and changes of structural cells (fibroblast cells, smooth muscle and vascular endothelial cells) in sections of bladder tissues from subjects with bladder cancer, cystitis and bladder polyp...
October 3, 2016: BMC Immunology
Muneo Numasaki, Hiroki Tsukamoto, Yoshihisa Tomioka, Yasuhiko Nishioka, Takashi Ohrui
The interleukin (IL)-17 family, consisting of six homodimeric cytokines IL-17A, IL-17B, IL-17C, IL-17D, IL-17E/IL-25, and IL-17F, mediates a variety of biological activities including regulation of chemokine secretion and angiogenesis. Among the IL-17 family members, IL-17A and IL-17E/IL-25 are angiogenesis stimulators, while IL-17B and IL-17F are angiogenesis inhibitors. Recently, IL-17A/F heterodimer, comprised of the IL-17A and IL-17F subunits, was found as another member of the IL-17 cytokine family. However, to date, it has been unknown whether IL-17A/F has biological actions to affect the angiogenesis-related vascular endothelial functions...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Monika Białecka, Roksana Ostasz, Mateusz Kurzawski, Adam Klimowicz, Honorata Fabiańczyk, Piotr Bojko, Violetta Dziedziejko, Krzysztof Safranow, Anna Machoy-Mokrzyńska, Marek Droździk
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have revealed the pivotal role of Th17 cells and interleukin-17 (IL-17) in plaque psoriasis development and treatment outcome. The IL-17 family consists of 6 structurally related cytokines (IL-17A, IL-17B, IL-17C, IL-17D, IL-17E, IL-17F), of which IL-17A and IL-17F mediate similar biological effects. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate an association between the IL17A (-197G>A; rs2275913) and IL17F (rs763780: T>C; rs11465553: G>A; rs2397084: T>C) polymorphisms with psoriasis susceptibility as well as response to topical and combined topical with narrow-band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) therapy in a Polish population...
September 3, 2016: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
Joseph Fabre, Jerome Giustiniani, Christian Garbar, Frank Antonicelli, Yacine Merrouche, Armand Bensussan, Martine Bagot, Reem Al-Dacak
The inflammatory process contributes to immune tolerance as well as to tumor progression and metastasis. By releasing extracellular signals, cancerous cells constantly shape their surrounding microenvironment through their interactions with infiltrating immune cells, stromal cells and components of extracellular matrix. Recently, the pro-inflammatory interleukin 17 (IL-17)-producing T helper lymphocytes, the Th17 cells, and the IL-17/IL-17 receptor (IL-17R) axis gained special attention. The IL-17 family comprises at least six members, IL-17A, IL-17B, IL-17C, IL-17D, IL-17E (also called IL-25), and IL-17F...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yacine Merrouche, Joseph Fabre, Herve Cure, Christian Garbar, Camille Fuselier, Jeremy Bastid, Frank Antonicelli, Reem Al-Daccak, Armand Bensussan, Jerome Giustiniani
Estrogen receptor-, progesterone receptor- and HER2-negative breast cancers, also known as triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs), have poor prognoses and are refractory to current therapeutic agents, including epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors. Resistance to anti-EGFR therapeutic agents is often associated with sustained kinase phosphorylation, which promotes EGFR activation and translocation to the nucleus and prevents these agents from acting on their targets. The mechanisms underlying this resistance have not been fully elucidated...
July 23, 2016: Oncotarget
Luisa Senra, Romaine Stalder, David Alvarez Martinez, Carlo Chizzolini, Wolf-Henning Boehncke, Nicolò Costantino Brembilla
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder effectively treated by blocking IL-17RA, a receptor chain used by several IL-17 family members, including IL-17E. Although IL-17A is critically involved in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, the contribution of IL-17E remains unknown. Here we show that IL-17E(+) cells are more abundant than IL-17A(+) cells in lesional psoriatic skin. IL-17E synthesis is increased in keratinocytes within psoriatic plaques, and macrophages having a mixed M1/M2 phenotype represent an important proportion of the IL-17E(+) cells infiltrating the dermis...
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Kojiro Honda, Hiroo Wada, Masuo Nakamura, Keitaro Nakamoto, Toshiya Inui, Mitsuru Sada, Takashi Koide, Saori Takata, Takuma Yokoyama, Takeshi Saraya, Daisuke Kurai, Haruyuki Ishii, Hajime Goto, Hajime Takizawa
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have suggested an involvement of neutrophilic inflammation driven by interleukin (IL)-17 from Th17 cells, especially in severe, refractory asthma. It remains unknown about the possible interactions of this cytokine and other proinflammatory cytokines to direct neutrophilic airway inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the effects of IL-17A, IL-17E, and IL-17F in combination with other stimuli such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF) -α on the production and expression of IL-8 in human bronchial epithelial cells...
May 2016: Experimental Lung Research
Aliye Akcalı, Suzan Güven Yılmaz, David F Lappin, Sait Eğrilmez, Nurcan Buduneli
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the levels of 11 oral species in plaque samples and cytokine levels in biofluid samples of patients with idiopathic uveitis (IU) and systemically healthy individuals (H) with or without gingival inflammation. MATERIAL & METHODS: Twenty-one patients with IU (n = 21), and 22 systemically healthy individuals (n = 22) were enrolled in the study. Clinical periodontal measurements were recorded. Cytokine levels in the biofluid samples were determined by ELISA...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Yongli Luo, Zhi Yang, Li Su, Juanjuan Shan, Huailong Xu, Yanmin Xu, Limei Liu, Wei Zhu, Xuejiao Chen, Chungang Liu, Jun Chen, Chao Yao, Feifei Cheng, Chengcheng Zhang, Qinghua Ma, Junjie Shen, Cheng Qian
Within the cancer stem cell (CSC) niche, non-CSCs play an indispensable role in facilitating a microenvironment capable of maintaining CSC properties. Non-CSCs contribute to not only the structure and topology of the tumor microenvironment but also the maintenance of the dynamic state of CSCs. Interleukin-17E (IL-17E/IL-25) is important in allergic inflammation and protection against parasitic infection. Moreover, it has also been demonstrated that IL-17E takes part in different cancers recently. Here, for the first time we demonstrate that discrepant expression of IL-17E and the IL-17 receptor B (IL-17RB) exists in Nanog positive (Nanog(Pos)) CSCs and Nanog negative (Nanog(Neg)) non-CSCs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...
June 1, 2016: Cancer Letters
C J Nile, D A Apatzidou, R A Awang, M P Riggio, D F Kinane, D F Lappin
OBJECTIVES: The serum IL-17A:IL-17E ratio has previously been demonstrated to be a clinical marker of periodontitis. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of non-surgical periodontal treatment on the serum IL-17A:IL-17E ratio. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty chronic periodontitis patients completed this study and received periodontal treatment comprising scaling and root planing plus ultrasonic debridement. Clinical data were recorded at baseline, 6 weeks (R1) after treatment completion (full-mouth or quadrant-scaling and root planing) and 25 weeks after baseline (R2)...
February 18, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Qiong Yang, Yuena Sun, Xiurong Su, Taiwu Li, Tianjun Xu
Interleukin-17 (IL-17) family is a cytokine family which is one of the major signaling molecules family involved in immunity. Six member of IL-17 family cytokines (IL-17A-F) were found in mammals. In fish, all IL-17 family genes except IL-17B and IL-17E have been isolated and identified. Besides, IL-17N is uniquely found from teleosts. IL-17 family genes are widely studied in mammals, but have not been widely reported in lower vertebrates. In this study, we identify six IL-17 family genes (IL-17A/F1-3, IL-17C, IL-17D, IL-17N) from miiuy croaker, using LPS and poly (I:C) to infect miiuy croaker in order to analyze the expression response to bacteria and virus and expression in normal tissues...
February 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Xiujuan Yao, Yongchang Sun, Wei Wang, Ying Sun
IL-25, also named IL-17E, is a distinct member of the IL-17 cytokine family, which can promote and augment T helper type 2 (Th2) responses locally or systemically. Growing evidence from experimental and clinical studies indicates that the expression of IL-25 and its cognate receptor, IL-17RB/RA, is markedly upregulated in asthmatic conditions. It has also been found that IL-25 induces not only typical eosinophilic inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), but also airway remodelling, manifested by goblet cell hyperplasia, subepithelial collagen deposition and angiogenesis...
May 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Hidemi Nakagawa, Hiroaki Niiro, Kenji Ootaki
BACKGROUND: Brodalumab (KHK4827 or AMG 827) is a human monoclonal antibody that binds to the human interleukin (IL)-17 receptor A and blocks the biological activities of IL-17A, IL-17F, IL-17A/F, and IL-17E also known as IL-25. A 12-week phase 2 trial in the USA, Europe, and other countries showed the good efficacy of brodalumab in treating patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. However, with the exception of a phase 1 study, a clinical trial of brodalumab in psoriasis has not been undertaken in Japan...
January 2016: Journal of Dermatological Science
Qifeng Han, Sabyasachi Das, Masayuki Hirano, Stephen J Holland, Nathanael McCurley, Peng Guo, Charles S Rosenberg, Thomas Boehm, Max D Cooper
IL-17 is an ancient cytokine implicated in a variety of immune defense reactions. We identified five members of the sea lamprey IL-17 family (IL-17D.1, IL-17D.2, IL-17E, IL-17B, and IL-17C) and six IL-17R genes (IL-17RA.1, IL-17RA.2, IL-17RA.3, IL-17RF, IL-17RE/RC, and IL-17RD), determined their relationship with mammalian orthologs, and examined their expression patterns and potential interactions to explore their roles in innate and adaptive immunity. The most highly expressed IL-17 family member is IL-17D...
December 1, 2015: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
An-Jiang Wang, Zhonghan Yang, Viktoriya Grinchuk, Allen Smith, Bolin Qin, Nonghua Lu, Duan Wang, Hongbing Wang, Thirumalai R Ramalingam, Thomas A Wynn, Joseph F Urban, Terez Shea-Donohue, Aiping Zhao
IL-25 or IL-17E is a member of IL-17 cytokine family and has immune-modulating activities. The role of IL-25 in maintaining lipid metabolic homeostasis remains unknown. We investigated the effects of exogenous IL-25 or deficiency of IL-25 on hepatic lipid accumulation. IL-25 expression was examined in paraffin-embedded tissue sections of liver from patients or in the livers from mice. Mouse model of steatosis was induced by feeding a high-fat diet (HFD). Extent of steatosis as well as expression of cytokines, key enzymes for lipid metabolic pathways, markers for Kupffer cells/macrophages, and lipid droplet (LD) proteins, were analyzed...
November 15, 2015: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Yanbo Liu, Xiaohui Zhao, Xuemei Sun, Yongmei Li, Zhenjiang Wang, Jing Jiang, Huiming Han, Weigao Shen, Chris J Corrigan, Ying Sun
BACKGROUND: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (PCa) are the most common urological diseases in elderly men. Although studies suggest the cytokine family might be associated with BPH and PCa, there has been no systematic comparisons of expression of IL-17A, E, F and their receptors, infiltration of inflammatory cells, and changes in structural cells in PCa and BPH. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was employed to evaluate immunoreactivity for IL-17A, E, F and their receptors IL-17RA, IL-17BR, and IL-17CR, infiltration of inflammatory cells, and changes in structural cells including endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and smooth muscle cells in prostate tissues from subjects with PCa or BPH as well as controls...
December 2015: Prostate
Riyaz Mohamed, Calpurnia Jayakumar, Feng Chen, David Fulton, David Stepp, Ron T Gansevoort, Ganesan Ramesh
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, accounting for >45% of new cases of dialysis. Diabetic nephropathy is characterized by inflammation, fibrosis, and oxidant stress, pathologic features that are shared by many other chronic inflammatory diseases. The cytokine IL-17A was initially implicated as a mediator of chronic inflammatory diseases, but recent studies dispute these findings and suggest that IL-17A can favorably modulate inflammation. Here, we examined the role of IL-17A in diabetic nephropathy...
March 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Wei-Bei Wang, Men-Luh Yen, Ko-Jiunn Liu, Pei-Ju Hsu, Ming-Hong Lin, Pei-Min Chen, Putty-Reddy Sudhir, Chein-Hung Chen, Chung-Hsuan Chen, Huei-Kang Sytwu, B Linju Yen
Multipotent human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs) harbor immunomodulatory properties that are therapeutically relevant. One of the most clinically important populations of leukocytes is the interleukin-17A (IL-17A)-secreting T (Th17) lymphocytes. However, mechanisms of hMSC and Th17 cell interactions are incompletely resolved. We found that, along with Th1 responses, hMSCs strongly suppressed Th17 responses and this required both IL-25--also known as IL--17E-as well as programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1), a potent cell surface ligand for tolerance induction...
September 8, 2015: Stem Cell Reports
Kartiga Natarajan, Gokila Devi Mathialagan, Somasundaram Raghavan, Narkunaraja Shanmugam
Malondialdehyde (MDA) is a highly reactive endogenous product of thromboxane synthesis in the prostagland and lipid peroxidation by reactive oxygen species. Elevated MDA levels occur in diabetes and atherosclerotic plaques. The aim of this study was to examine the molecular mechanisms of MDA-induced IL-17E cytokine expression and its effect on T-cell differentiation. Real-time PCR, RT-PCR and ELISA were used to assess the expression of IL-17 family cytokines in Jurkat T-cells and human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLCs) from diabetic subjects...
December 2015: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
Ahmed Al-Samadi, Shirin Moossavi, Abdelhakim Salem, Masoud Sotoudeh, Sarianna M Tuovinen, Yrjö T Konttinen, Tuula Salo, Faraz Bishehsari
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers in both genders. Even though interleukin (IL)-17A was shown to play an important role in intestinal tumourigenesis and CRC, other IL-17 family members were not studied well. We therefore studied the expression of IL-17 cytokine family members in CRC. Ten healthy colons and ten CRC mucosa were immunostained for IL-17B, IL-17C, IL-17E, and IL-17F, and their receptors IL-17RA, IL-17RB, and IL-17RC. Double immunofluorescence staining of the CRC mucosa was done for IL-17B with markers of neutrophils, endothelial cells, macrophages, T cells, mast cells, or fibroblasts...
February 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
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