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Celiac Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925634/screening-for-celiac-disease-recommendation-statement
#1
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925103/autoimmune-diseases-involving-skin-and-intestinal-mucosa-are-more-frequent-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-suffering-from-atopic-dermatitis
#2
REVIEW
Francesca Cipriani, Alice Marzatico, Giampaolo Ricci
Evidence has emerged about the relationship between atopic dermatitis (AD) and autoimmune diseases, but the underlying mechanism of this association is complex and still unclear. Recent epidemiological data from the published work suggest a positive correlation. The aim of this review is to analyze the frequency of co-occurrence of AD and autoimmune diseases. Our systematic review included 22 articles from PubMed describing the reciprocal association between AD and autoimmune diseases. Although not all the studies achieved statistically significant results, patients suffering from autoimmune diseases involving skin and intestinal mucosa, such as vitiligo, alopecia areata, celiac disease and inflammatory bowel diseases, showed a higher risk to have AD as comorbidity...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922261/the-effect-of-gluten-free-diet-on-clinical-symptoms-and-the-intestinal-mucosa-of-patients-with-potential-celiac-disease
#3
Roberta Mandile, Valentina Discepolo, Serena Scapaticci, Maria Rosaria Del Vecchio, Maria Antonia Maglio, Luigi Greco, Riccardo Troncone, Renata Auricchio
In this prospective study, we evaluated the effect of gluten free diet (GFD) in a cohort of 65 children with potential celiac disease (PCD). Patients received GFD for signs/symptoms (N = 47) or parents' choice (N = 18). Most frequent signs/symptoms were low Body Mass Index (BMI) (36%), recurrent abdominal pain (34%) and diarrhea (19%). Of the 35/47 patients followed-up on GFD, only 54% (19/35) showed a complete clinical response. In 9/65 patients an intestinal biopsy was also performed after at least one year of GFD...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921815/low-gluten-non-transgenic-wheat-engineered-with-crispr-cas9
#4
Susana Sánchez-León, Javier Gil-Humanes, Carmen V Ozuna, María J Giménez, Carolina Sousa, Daniel F Voytas, Francisco Barro
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder triggered in genetically predisposed individuals by the ingestion of gluten proteins from wheat, barley, and rye. The -gliadin gene family of wheat contains four highly stimulatory peptides, of which the 33-mer is the main immunodominant peptide in celiac patients. We designed two sgRNAs to target a conserved region adjacent to the coding sequence for the 33-mer in the -gliadin genes. Twenty-one mutant lines were generated, all showing strong reduction in -gliadins. Up to 35 different genes were mutated in one of the lines of the 45 different genes identified in the wild type, while immunoreactivity was reduced by 85%...
September 18, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#5
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914468/the-toxic-alpha-gliadin-peptide-31-43-enters-cells-without-a-surface-membrane-receptor
#6
Paolella Gaetana, Lepretti Marilena, Martucciello Stefania, Nanayakkara Merlin, Auricchio Salvatore, Esposito Carla, Barone Maria Vittoria, Caputo Ivana
Alpha-gliadin peptide 31-43 is considered to be the main peptide responsible for the innate immune response in celiac disease patients. Recent evidence indicates that peptide 31-43 rapidly enters cells and interacts with the early endocytic vesicular compartment. However, the mechanism of its uptake is not completely understood. Our aim is to characterize, isolate and identify possible cell surface proteins involved in peptide 31-43 internalization by Caco-2 cells. In this study, we used a chemical cross-linker to block peptide 31-43 on cell surface proteins, and pulled-down peptide-proteins complexes using antibodies raised against peptide 31-43...
September 15, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913792/what-will-be-the-benefits-of-biotech-wheat-for-european-agriculture
#7
Agnès E Ricroch
In European countries, wheat occupies the largest crop area with high yielding production. France, a major producer and exporter in Europe, ranks the fifth producer worldwide. Biotic stresses are European farmers' major challenges (fungal and viral diseases, and insect pests) followed by abiotic ones such as drought and grain protein composition. During the last 40 years, 1136 scientific articles on biotech wheat were published by USA followed by China, Australia, Canada, and European Union with the UK. European research focuses on pests and diseases resistances using widely marker-assisted selection (MAS)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913339/ulcerative-gastritis-and-esophagitis-in-two-children-with-sarcina-ventriculi-infection
#8
Tim G J de Meij, Michiel P van Wijk, Aart Mookhoek, Andries E Budding
Sarcina ventriculi is a Gram-positive, obligate anaerobic coccus, with a characteristic morphology. Only 22 cases of human infections by this microorganism, including 7 in children, have been reported in literature so far. Affected subjects usually present with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and delayed gastric emptying. However, life-threatening complications, like emphysematous gastritis and gastric perforation have also been described. Gastroparesis and gastric outlet obstruction have been considered as a potential etiologic factor...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913337/new-insights-into-the-pathogenesis-of-celiac-disease
#9
REVIEW
Valli De Re, Raffaella Magris, Renato Cannizzaro
Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune and multisystem gluten-related disorder that causes symptoms involving the gastrointestinal tract and other organs. Pathogenesis of CD is only partially known. It had been established that ingestion of gluten proteins present in wheat and other cereals are necessary for the disease and develops in individuals genetically predisposed carrying the DQ2 or DQ8 human leukocyte antigen haplotypes. In this review, we had pay specific attention on the last discoveries regarding the three cellular components mainly involved in the development and maintenance of CD: T-cells, B-cells, and microbioma...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912827/development-of-taqman-probes-targeting-the-four-major-celiac-disease-epitopes-found-in-%C3%AE-gliadin-sequences-of-spelt-triticum-aestivum-ssp-spelta-and-bread-wheat-triticum-aestivum-ssp-aestivum
#10
Benjamin Dubois, Pierre Bertin, Yordan Muhovski, Emmanuelle Escarnot, Dominique Mingeot
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease (CD) is caused by specific sequences of gluten proteins found in cereals such as bread wheat (Triticum aestivum ssp. aestivum) and spelt (T. aestivum ssp. spelta). Among them, the α-gliadins display the highest immunogenicity, with four T-cell stimulatory epitopes. The toxicity of each epitope sequence can be reduced or even suppressed according to the allelic form of each sequence. One way to address the CD problem would be to make use of this allelic variability in breeding programs to develop safe varieties, but tools to track the presence of toxic epitopes are required...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911326/borrelia-infection-and-risk-of-celiac-disease
#11
Armin Alaedini, Benjamin Lebwohl, Gary P Wormser, Peter H Green, Jonas F Ludvigsson
BACKGROUND: Environmental factors, including infectious agents, are speculated to play a role in the rising prevalence and the geographic distribution of celiac disease, an autoimmune disorder. In the USA and Sweden where the regional variation in the frequency of celiac disease has been studied, a similarity with the geographic distribution of Lyme disease, an emerging multisystemic infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes, has been found, thus raising the possibility of a link...
September 15, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905102/digestive-system-in-psoriasis-an-update
#12
REVIEW
Daniel Pietrzak, Aldona Pietrzak, Dorota Krasowska, Andrzej Borzęcki, Kinga Franciszkiewicz-Pietrzak, Beata Polkowska-Pruszyńska, Maja Baranowska, Kristian Reich
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory immune-mediated disorder associated and often coexisting with many other immune-related clinical conditions including those affecting the gastrointestinal tract. Data obtained from the reviewed literature suggest an association between psoriasis and pathologies of the oral cavity, both psoriasis-specific lesions, as well as non-specific, such as geographic tongue or fissured tongue. These findings show the importance of thorough examination of oral mucosa in psoriatic patients...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895447/early-experience-with-endovascular-aneurysm-sealing-in-combination-with-parallel-grafts-for-the-treatment-of-complex-abdominal-aneurysms-the-ascend-registry
#13
Matt Thompson, Marwan Youssef, Rudolf Jacob, Sebastian Zerwes, Michel Reijnen, Piotr Szopinski, Patrick Berg, Grzegorz Oszkinis, Andrew Holden
PURPOSE: To report the results of the ASCEND Registry of cases involving endovascular aneurysm sealing (EVAS) in combination with chimney grafts (chEVAS) for the treatment of para- and juxtarenal aortic aneurysms (AAA). METHODS: A retrospective, multicenter registry established in 8 vascular centers between 2013 and 2016 recorded the treatment results and follow-up of chEVAS procedures for nonruptured AAAs; data were analyzed using standardized outcome measures...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895032/resection-of-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-without-regression-of-arterial-encasement-after-modern-era-neoadjuvant-therapy
#14
Michael D Kluger, M Farzan Rashid, Vilma L Rosario, Beth A Schrope, Jonathan A Steinman, Elizabeth M Hecht, John A Chabot
INTRODUCTION: Modern-era systemic therapy for locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma (LAPC) offers improved survival relative to historical regimens but not necessarily improved radiographic downstaging to allow more patients to undergo resection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the survival, progression, and pathologic outcomes after resection of LAPC that did not regress from > 180 degrees arterial encasement after neoadjuvant therapy. METHODS: Sixty-one LAPC patients were brought to the operating room after neoadjuvant therapy for NCCN-defined unresectable pancreatic cancer between 2012 and 2017...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894436/serum-thyroid-hormone-antibodies-are-frequent-in-patients-with-polyglandular-autoimmune-syndrome-type-3-particularly-in-those-who-require-thyroxine-treatment
#15
Roberto Vita, Maria Giulia Santaguida, Camilla Virili, Maria Segni, Marina Galletti, Mattia Mandolfino, Flavia Di Bari, Marco Centanni, Salvatore Benvenga
Polyglandular autoimmune syndrome (PAS) type 3 consists of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) coexisting with ≥1 non-thyroidal autoimmune disease (NTAID) other than Addison's disease and hypoparathyroidism. We evaluated the prevalence and repertoire of thyroid hormones antibodies (THAb) in PAS-3 patients. Using a radioimmunoprecipation technique, we measured THAb (T3IgM, T3IgG, T4IgM, and T4IgG) in 107 PAS-3 patients and 88 controls (patients with AITD without any NTAID). Based on the selective coexistence of AITD with one NTAID (chronic autoimmune gastritis, non-segmental vitiligo or celiac disease), patients were divided into group 1 (chronic autoimmune gastritis positive, n = 64), group 2 (non-segmental vitiligo positive, n = 24), and group 3 (celiac disease positive, n = 15)...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892904/morphologic-spectrum-of-duodenal-biopsies-in-malabsorption-a-study-from-southern-india
#16
Priyavadhana Balasubramanian, Bhawana Ashok Badhe, Rajesh Nachiappa Ganesh, Lakshmi C Panicker, Pazhanivel Mohan
INTRODUCTION: Duodenal endoscopic biopsy is a common investigation for various non-neoplastic conditions. Malabsorption is a common indication for duodenal biopsy in our setting. AIM: Our study was undertaken to study the morphologic spectrum of non-neoplastic conditions of duodenum emphasizing on Intraepithelial Lymphocytes (IELs) and to have a clinico-pathologic correlation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective descriptive study...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892132/nutritional-and-nutraceutical-properties-of-triticum-dicoccum-wheat-and-its-health-benefits-an-overview
#17
REVIEW
Srinu Dhanavath, U J S Prasada Rao
Triticum dicoccum wheat is one of the ancient wheat species and is gaining popularity due to its suggested health benefits as well as its suitability for organic farming. In some parts of the world, certain traditional foods prepared with dicoccum wheat are preferred due to their better taste, texture, and flavor. It is rich in bioactive compounds and its starch has been reported to have slow digestibility. However, content and composition of bioactive compounds is reported to vary depending on the geographical location, seasonal variations, varieties used, and the analytical methods followed...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891139/helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-children
#18
REVIEW
Nicolas Kalach, Patrick Bontems, Josette Raymond
Helicobacter pylori infection in children differs from that in adults, from the point of view of epidemiology, host response, clinical features, related diseases, and diagnosis, as well as treatment strategies. The prevalence of H. pylori infection, in both children and adults, is decreasing in the Western World as well as in some developing countries, which contrasts with the increase in childhood asthma and allergic diseases. Recurrent abdominal pain is not specific during H. pylori infection in children...
September 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890058/reversal-of-acute-mesenteric-ischemia-by-salvation-of-the-meandering-mesenteric-artery-with-stenting-of-the-left-internal-iliac-artery
#19
Kotsis Thomas, Christoforou P, Nastos C, Chatziioannou A, Theodosopoulos T
The presence of the meandering mesenteric artery, which is a non-constant tortuous arterial component unifying the peripheral intestinal circulation, is evidence of chronic occlusive disease of the main intestinal arteries. This collateral intestinal arterial pathway, when present, must be preserved in any abdominal intervention, as it is often the only remaining arterial supply of the intestine; its ligation can be accompanied by intestinal ischemia. We present herein, the case of a 42-year old man, heavy smoker, who had chronic mesenteric ischemia without particular clinical manifestations till the hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction for which he underwent balloon angioplasty and stenting of the left circumflex coronary artery...
September 7, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889146/celiac-disease-in-saudi-children-evaluation-of-clinical-features-and-diagnosis
#20
Anjum Saeed, Asaad Assiri, Hebah Assiri, Anhar Ullah, Mohsin Rashid
 Objectives: To characterize the clinical presentations and diagnosis including serological tests and histopathological findings in children with celiac disease. Methods: All children (less than 18 years) with confirmed celiac disease diagnosed over a 6 year period at a private tertiary care health care center in Riyadh,  Saudi Arabia were studied retrospectively. Information collected included demographics, clinical presentation and diagnostic modalities with serology and small intestinal histology reported by Marsh grading...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
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