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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524369/therapeutic-roles-of-telocytes-in-ova-induced-acute-asthma-in-mice
#1
Ling Ye, Dongli Song, Meiling Jin, Xiangdong Wang
Telocytes (TCs) newly discovered as the mesenchyme-derived interstitial cells were found to have supportive effects on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The present study aimed at investigating effects of TCs or TCs gathered with MSCs on experimental airway inflammation and hyper-responsiveness. The TCs were isolated from the lung tissue of the female BALB/c mice. The ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthma model was established. TCs (1 × 10(6) /2 × 10(6) ) and/or MSCs (1 × 10(6) ) were injected through mice tail vein for consecutive three days before OVA excited the mice...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516795/a-comprehensive-guide-to-telocytes-and-their-great-potential-in-cardiovascular-system
#2
I Kucybala, P Janas, S Ciuk, W Cholopiak, W Klimek-Piotrowska, M K Holda
Telocytes, a recently discovered type of interstitial cells, have a very distinctive morphology - the small cell body with long extensions, named telopodes. In our review, apart from introducing general aspects of telocytes, we focus on properties, functions and future potential of those cells in cardiovascular system. However, physiological functions of telocytes in cardiovascular system are still regarded as quite enigmatic. Previous studies claim that they play a role in organogenesis and regeneration, bioelectrical signalling, mechanoelectrical coupling, anti-oxidative protection, angiogenesis and regulation of blood flow...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421621/presence-of-ganglia-and-telocytes-in-proximity-to-myocardial-sleeve-tissue-in-the-porcine-pulmonary-veins-wall
#3
T Vandecasteele, P Cornillie, K Vandevelde, A Logothetidou, L Couck, G van Loon, W Van den Broeck
Ganglia and telocytes were identified inside the porcine pulmonary veins wall near myocardial sleeve tissue at the atriopulmonary junction. These structures are reported to play a role in the initiation of pulses from outside the heart, which potentially can cause cardiac conduction disorders such as atrial fibrillation. In-depth knowledge on the fine structure of the pulmonary vein wall is a pre-requisite to better understand the underlying pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation and the origin and conduction of ectopic pulses...
April 19, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418360/-role-of-telocytes-in-the-heart-in-health-and-diseases
#4
Yu V Liskova, A A Stadnikov, S P Salikova
This review summarizes the data available in the literature on the development, structure, and function of telocytes (TCs) and their role in the heart in health and diseases. At the present time, TCs have been found in many organs of mammals and humans. TC is a small oval cell that contains a nucleus surrounded by small amounts of cytoplasm, with extremely long and thin processes named telopodias. TCs have unique ultrastructural and immunohistochemical features; double positive labeling for CD34/PDGFR-β and CD34/vimentin is suitable for their identification...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370277/3d-electron-microscopic-characterization-of-interstitial-cells-in-the-human-bladder-upper-lamina-propria
#5
Jochen Neuhaus, Birgit Schröppel, Martin Dass, Hans Zimmermann, Hartwig Wolburg, Petra Fallier-Becker, Thomas Gevaert, Claus J Burkhardt, Hoang Minh Do, Jens-Uwe Stolzenburg
AIMS: To explore the ultrastructure of interstitial cells in the upper lamina propria of the human bladder, to describe the spatial relationships and to investigate cell-cell contacts. METHODS: Focused ion beam scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM), 3-View SEM and confocal laser scanning microscopy were used to analyze the 3D ultrastructure of the upper lamina propria in male and female human bladders. RESULTS: 3View-SEM image stacks as large as 59 × 59 × 17 μm(3) (xyz) at a resolution of 16 × 16 × 50 nm(3) and high resolution (5 × 5 × 10 nm(3) ) FIB-SEM stacks could be analyzed...
March 31, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361433/ultrastructural-characteristics-of-placental-telocytes
#6
N V Nizyaeva, T V Sukhacheva, G V Kulikova, M N Nagovitsyna, R A Poltavtseva, N E Kan, V L Tyutyunnik, S V Pavlovich, R A Serov, A I Shchyogolev
Telocytes of placental villi were studied by electronic microscopy during physiological pregnancy. Ultrastructural features of telocytes indicating their heterogeneity and presence of at least three types of villi depending on their localization and kind were observed. All placental telocytes were characterized by small amount of organelles including mitochondria. Presence of long thin processes, which generated a branching network by contacting with each other, served as a typical feature of telocytes including telocytes of the stroma and intermediate villi...
March 31, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341393/cell-specific-immuno-localization-of-progesterone-receptor-alpha-in-the-rabbit-ovary-during-pregnancy-and-after-parturition
#7
Mahmoud Abd-Elkareem
Progesterone receptor alpha (PRA) has a central coordinator role in the ovarian functions in mammals. The aim of this study was to investigate the immunolocalization of PRA in the rabbit ovary during pregnancy and after parturition. The rabbit ovary during pregnancy and after parturition had moderate cytoplasmic and moderate to intense nuclear PRA immunostaining in the ovarian surface epithelial cells, stromal cells and interstitial gland cells. The PRA was also present in granulosa cells and theca interna cells of the growing, small antral and mature Graafian follicles...
March 18, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208829/calcium-signaling-in-interstitial-cells-focus-on-telocytes
#8
REVIEW
Beatrice Mihaela Radu, Adela Banciu, Daniel Dumitru Banciu, Mihai Radu, Dragos Cretoiu, Sanda Maria Cretoiu
In this review, we describe the current knowledge on calcium signaling pathways in interstitial cells with a special focus on interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs), interstitial Cajal-like cells (ICLCs), and telocytes. In detail, we present the generation of Ca(2+) oscillations, the inositol triphosphate (IP₃)/Ca(2+) signaling pathway and modulation exerted by cytokines and vasoactive agents on calcium signaling in interstitial cells. We discuss the physiology and alterations of calcium signaling in interstitial cells, and in particular in telocytes...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030857/new-description-of-telocyte-sheaths-in-the-bovine-uterine-tube-an-immunohistochemical-and-scanning-microscopic-study
#9
Hanan H Abd-Elhafeez, Soha A Soliman
Telocytes are a special type of interstitial cells characterized by distinctive cellular extensions with alternating thin segments (podomers) and dilations (podoms). Telocytes establish contact with various cells and structures, but their role in the regulation of the function of many cell types is still obscure. The aim of the current study was to investigate the morphology, histochemistry, and immunohistochemistry of telocytes, and their distribution, organization, and morphometric measurements in different layers of the adult bovine uterine tube...
2017: Cells, Tissues, Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013318/tubal-telocytes-factor-infertility-reason
#10
Veronika Aleksandrovych, Marek Sajewicz, Jerzy A Walocha, Krzysztof Gil
Infertility is actually widespread pathological condition, which affected one in every four couples in developing countries. Approximately one third of all cases are connected with tubal factor infertility, o en accompanies by endometriosis, acute salpingitis, urogenital infections etc. The newly identified telocytes (TCs) have multiple potential bio-functions and might participate in the fertility problems. They influence on structural and functional integrity of oviduct tissue. Despite recent discovery, TCs involvement in the majority of physiological and pathological processes is still unclear and require significant increasing of deep observations and data analysis...
2016: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997746/autophagy-an-adaptive-physiological-countermeasure-to-cellular-senescence-and-ischaemia-reperfusion-associated-cardiac-arrhythmias
#11
REVIEW
Istvan Lekli, David Donald Haines, Gyorgy Balla, Arpad Tosaki
Oxidative stress placed on tissues that involved in pathogenesis of a disease activates compensatory metabolic changes, such as DNA damage repair that in turn causes intracellular accumulation of detritus and 'proteotoxic stress', leading to emergence of 'senescent' cellular phenotypes, which express high levels of inflammatory mediators, resulting in degradation of tissue function. Proteotoxic stress resulting from hyperactive inflammation following reperfusion of ischaemic tissue causes accumulation of proteinaceous debris in cells of the heart in ways that cause potentially fatal arrhythmias, in particular ventricular fibrillation (VF)...
June 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860245/telocytes-a-potential-defender-in-the-spleen-of-npc1-mutant-mice
#12
Bichao Zhang, Ciqing Yang, Liang Qiao, Qiuling Li, Congrui Wang, Xin Yan, Juntang Lin
Niemann-Pick disease, type C1 (Npc1), is an atypical lysosomal storage disorder caused by autosomal recessive inheritance of mutations in Npc1 gene. In the Npc1 mutant mice (Npc1(-/-) ), the initial manifestation is enlarged spleen, concomitant with free cholesterol accumulation. Telocytes (TCs), a novel type of interstitial cell, exist in a variety of tissues including spleen, presumably thought to be involved in many biological processes such as nursing stem cells and recruiting inflammatory cells. In this study, we found that the spleen is significantly enlarged in Npc1(-/-) mice, and the results from transmission electron microscopy examination and immunostaining using three different TCs markers, c-Kit, CD34 and Vimentin revealed significantly increased splenic TCs in Npc1(-/-) mice...
May 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833970/subsets-of-telocytes-the-progenitor-cells-in-the-human-endocardial-niche
#13
Florentina Grigoriu, Sorin Hostiuc, Alexandra Diana Vrapciu, Mugurel Constantin Rusu
Telocytes (TCs) are cells defined by their long and moniliform processes termed telopodes. They were previously identified in the endocardium and express neural markers, such as nestin and neuron-specific enolase (NSE). Previous studies found a positive expression of neuro-filaments in endocardial endothelial cells, and a positive expression of nestin in cardiac side population (CSP) progenitor cells, which allowed us to hypothesize that TCs in the endocardial stem niche could be in fact progenitors that express nestin...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802428/effect-of-melatonin-on-telocytes-in-the-seminal-vesicle-of-the-soay-ram-an-immunohistochemical-ultrastructural-and-morphometrical-study
#14
Hanan H Abd-Elhafeez, Doaa M Mokhtar, Ahmed H S Hassan
Telocytes (TCs) are a special type of interstitial cell with characteristic cellular processes that are described in many organs. The current study aimed to investigate TCs in seminal vesicles of the Soay ram responding to melatonin treatment during the nonbreeding season by conventional immunohistochemical stains, and to detect the ultrastructural and morphometrical changes of TCs. TCs in the control group showed a broad range of staining affinity and also reacted positively to CD117/c-kit, CD34, desmin, S-100 protein, and progesterone and estrogen receptors alpha, while after melatonin treatment a strong reaction against these 6 antibodies was recorded...
2017: Cells, Tissues, Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796903/hepatic-telocytes
#15
Yingying Zhao, Xiaoyu Chen, Fei Wang, Changqing Yang
Telocytes (TCs), a novel peculiar interstitial cell found in many tissues and organs, play pivotal roles in maintaining tissue homeostasis and regulating tissue and organ development and immune surveillance. In recent years, the existence of TCs in liver has been confirmed. In this chapter, we evaluate the role of TCs on promoting liver regeneration and the therapeutic effects on liver fibrosis.
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796902/telocytes-of-fascial-structures
#16
Joanna Dawidowicz, Natalia Matysiak, Sylwia Szotek, Krzysztof Maksymowicz
Currently, the exact role of telocytes within fascial structures is unknown. The morphology, distribution and behaviour of fascial telocytes as well as the mutual relationship between telocytes and other cellular fascia constituents should be definitely a subject of further studies. It will contribute to better understanding of the role of the fascial system in health and diseases, may shed light on the regeneration potential of these tissues and may help to find targets for future treatments for locomotor disorders, including fascial diseases...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796901/juxtacerebral-tissue-regeneration-potential-telocytes-contribution
#17
Laura Cristina Ceafalan, Bogdan Ovidiu Popescu
It is well proved already that neurogenesis does take place in mammals' brain, including human brain. However, neurogenesis by itself is not able to compensate for brain tissue loss in serious neurological diseases, such as stroke, brain trauma or neurodegenerative disorders. Recent evidences show that neural stem cell niches are present not only in classical locations, such as subventricularor subgranular zones, but in other areas as well, including tissues contiguous to the brain (meninges and choroid plexus)...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796900/vascular-telocytes
#18
Hongqi Zhang
Telocyte, different to fibroblast and dendritic cell, is a novel type of interstitial cell, whose key features are their smaller cell body with very long prolongations of uneven caliber, termed telopodes. The telocytes have been continuously discovered to be present in many tissues and organs. Whether telocytes exist in the blood and vascular wall is not clear. Our research group, for the first time, testified that telocytes also exist in the blood and large sized arterial and venous wall under scanning and transmission electron microscope...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796899/a-tale-of-two-cells-telocyte-and-stem-cell-unique-relationship
#19
Zeinab M El Maadawi
Telocytes have been identified as a distinctive type of interstitial cells and have been recognized in most tissues and organs. Telocytes are characterized by having extraordinary long cytoplasmic processes, telopodes, that extend to form three-dimensional networks and commonly constitute specialized forms of cell-to-cell junctions with other neighboring cells. Telocytes have been localized in the stem cell niche of different organs such as the heart, lung, skeletal muscle, and skin. Electron microscopy and electron tomography revealed a specialized link between telocytes and stem cells that postulates a potential role for telocytes during tissue regeneration and repair...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796898/immunohistochemistry-of-telocytes-in-the-uterus-and-fallopian-tubes
#20
Sanda Maria Cretoiu
The seminal work of Popescu and colleagues first demonstrated the existence of a new cell type - the telocytes. We were among the first who reported the presence of such cells in the female genital tract and performed TEM examinations, as well as immunohistochemical staining in the attempt to find a specific marker. Telocytes from rat and from the human uterus and from human fallopian tube were extensively investigated initially by comparison with interstitial cells of Cajal. Progress in telocyte research led to the identification of different subtypes suggestive for a heterogeneous telocyte population which can even coexist in the same location...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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