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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637188/the-influence-of-whole-corn-feeding-method-during-the-finishing-stage-on-the-performance-of-overfed-mule-ducks
#1
J Arroyo, F Lavigne, L Fortun-Lamothe
The aim of this trial was to compare 2 feeding systems based on whole corn, a loose-mix and a free-choice feeding system, during the finishing stage on the performance of ducks. Five hundred sixteen day-old male mule ducks (Muscovy drake × Pekin duck) were divided into 3 groups that differed in the presentation of the diet they received between 58 and 88 d of age: a complete pelleted diet (Control (CON) group; AMEn 12.1 MJ/kg, CP 15.0%) containing 500 g of corn per kg; or whole corn (AMEn 13.9 MJ/kg, CP 7...
June 20, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634483/elicitor-induced-biochemical-and-molecular-manifestations-to-improve-drought-tolerance-in-rice-oryza-sativa-l-through-seed-priming
#2
Mahesh K Samota, Minnu Sasi, Monika Awana, Om P Yadav, S V Amitha Mithra, Aruna Tyagi, Suresh Kumar, Archana Singh
Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the major grain cereals of the Indian subcontinent which face water-deficit stress for their cultivation. Seed-priming has been reported to be a useful approach to complement stress responses in plants. In the present study, seed-priming with hormonal or chemical elicitor [viz. methyl jasmonate (MJ), salicylic acid (SA), paclobutrazol (PB)] showed significant increase in total phenolic content, antioxidant activity and expression of Rice Drought-responsive (RD1 and RD2) genes (of AP2/ERF family) in contrasting rice genotypes (Nagina-22, drought-tolerant and Pusa Sugandh-5, drought-sensitive) under drought stress...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632030/ultraviolet-b-radiation-stimulates-the-interaction-between-nuclear-factor-of-activated-t-cells-5-nfat5-and-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-in-human-lens-epithelial-cells
#3
Inyoung Chung, Young-Sool Hah, SunMi Ju, Ji-Hye Kim, Woong-Sun Yoo, Hee-Young Cho, Ji-Myong Yoo, Seong-Wook Seo, Wan-Sung Choi, Seong-Jae Kim
PURPOSE: Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) has been proposed as a therapeutic target for the treatment of cataracts. The authors investigated the relationship between nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 (NFAT5) and NF-κB in ultraviolet B (UVB)-irradiated human lens epithelial (HLE) cells. METHODS: Human lens epithelial B-3 (HLE-B3) cells were exposed to UVB light at a dose of 10 mJ/cm(2) and then incubated for 24 h. Cell viability was assessed by using the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay...
February 26, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631933/a-salt-reduction-smartphone-app-supports-lower-salt-food-purchases-for-people-with-cardiovascular-disease-findings-from-the-saltswitch-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Helen Eyles, Rebecca McLean, Bruce Neal, Yannan Jiang, Robert N Doughty, Rachael McLean, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
Background SaltSwitch is an innovative smartphone application (app) that enables shoppers to scan the barcode of a packaged food and receive an immediate, interpretive, traffic light nutrition label on the screen, along with suggestions for lower salt alternatives. Our aim was to determine the effectiveness of SaltSwitch to support people with cardiovascular disease to make lower salt food choices. Design Six-week, two-arm, parallel, randomised controlled trial in Auckland, New Zealand (2 weeks baseline and 4 weeks intervention)...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630915/ultralight-scalable-and-high-temperature-resilient-ceramic-nanofiber-sponges
#5
Haolun Wang, Xuan Zhang, Ning Wang, Yan Li, Xue Feng, Ya Huang, Chunsong Zhao, Zhenglian Liu, Minghao Fang, Gang Ou, Huajian Gao, Xiaoyan Li, Hui Wu
Ultralight and resilient porous nanostructures have been fabricated in various material forms, including carbon, polymers, and metals. However, the development of ultralight and high-temperature resilient structures still remains extremely challenging. Ceramics exhibit good mechanical and chemical stability at high temperatures, but their brittleness and sensitivity to flaws significantly complicate the fabrication of resilient porous ceramic nanostructures. We report the manufacturing of large-scale, lightweight, high-temperature resilient, three-dimensional sponges based on a variety of oxide ceramic (for example, TiO2, ZrO2, yttria-stabilized ZrO2, and BaTiO3) nanofibers through an efficient solution blow-spinning process...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627289/snap-n-send-a-valid-and-reliable-method-for-assessing-the-energy-intake-of-elite-adolescent-athletes
#6
Nessan Costello, Kevin Deighton, Joshua Dyson, Jim Mckenna, Ben Jones
To ensure that elite adolescent athletes meet their unique training, growth and maturation demands, it is imperative to have access to valid measures of energy intake. Contemporary methods demand close attention-to-detail, meaning that athletes often do not fully adhere to real-time protocols. This study represents the first investigation of a real-time dietary assessment designed using a comprehensive behaviour change framework (COM-B). In a crossover design, 12 elite adolescent male rugby players recorded their energy intake via an estimated food diary (est-FD) and photography-based mobile assessment ('Snap-n-Send'), combined with a 24-h dietary recall interview...
June 17, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627056/feed-intake-patterns-of-sport-ponies-and-warmblood-horses-following-iso-energetic-intake-of-pelleted-fibre-rich-mixed-feed-muesli-feed-and-semicrushed-oat-grains
#7
M Bochnia, M Boesel, L Bahrenthien, M Wensch-Dorendorf, A Zeyner
The aim of the study was to compare diverse feed intake patterns in sport ponies and warmblood-type horses after feeding iso-energetic amounts of three different concentrates: a pelleted fibre-rich mixed feed (PF), a muesli feed (MF) and semicrushed oat grains (OG). Four sport ponies and six warmblood-type horses received the concentrates and meadow hay according to maintenance (0.52 MJ metabolizable energy (ME) kg body weight (BW)(0.75) /day). Both breeds were allocated at random to three groups and received once daily for 8 days either OG (1 g starch/kg BW/meal) or iso-energetic quantities of PF and MF according to a crossover design...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625229/mass-gathering-medical-care-in-electronic-dance-music-festivals
#8
Kathleen M FitzGibbon, Jose V Nable, Benjamin Ayd, Benjamin J Lawner, Angela C Comer, Richard Lichenstein, Matthew J Levy, Kevin G Seaman, Ian Bussey
Introduction Electronic dance music (EDM) festivals represent a unique subset of mass-gathering events with limited guidance through literature or legislation to guide mass-gathering medical care at these events. Hypothesis/Problem Electronic dance music festivals pose unique challenges with increased patient encounters and heightened patient acuity under-estimated by current validated casualty predication models. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of three separate EDM festivals with analysis of patient encounters and patient transport rates...
June 19, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624812/extracorporeal-shock-wave-treatment-attenuated-left-ventricular-dysfunction-and-remodeling-in-mini-pig-with-cardiorenal-syndrome
#9
Jiunn-Jye Sheu, Hani E E Ali, Ben-Chung Cheng, Hsin-Ju Chiang, Pei-Hsun Sung, Kuan-Hung Chen, Chih-Chao Yang, Yen-Ta Chen, John Y Chiang, Pao-Yuan Lin, Sarah Chua, Han-Tan Chai, Sheng-Ying Chung, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Hon-Kan Yip
This study tested the hypothesis that extracorporeal shock wave (ECSW) treatment can improve ischemia-induced left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in mini-pig with co-existing chronic kidney disease (CKD). LV ischemia in mini-pigs was induced by applying an ameroid constrictor over mid-left anterior descending artery (LAD), while model of CKD was established by right nephrectomy with partial ligation of left renal arterioles 2 weeks before LAD constriction. Thirty mini-pigs were randomly divided into group 1 (sham-control), group 2 (LV-ischemia), group 3 (LV-ischemia + CKD), Group 4 [LV-ischemia + ECSW (applied 1200 shots at 0...
May 30, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623187/control-of-box-c-d-snornp-assembly-by-n-6-methylation-of-adenine
#10
Lin Huang, Saira Ashraf, Jia Wang, David Mj Lilley
N(6)-methyladenine is the most widespread mRNA modification. A subset of human box C/D snoRNA species have target GAC sequences that lead to formation of N(6)-methyladenine at a key trans Hoogsteen-sugar A·G base pair, of which half are methylated in vivo The GAC target is conserved only in those that are methylated. Methylation prevents binding of the 15.5-kDa protein and the induced folding of the RNA Thus, the assembly of the box C/D snoRNP could in principle be regulated by RNA methylation at its critical first stage...
June 16, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623072/commentary-on-integrative-clinical-genomics-of-advanced-prostate-cancer-robinson-d-van-allen-em-wu-ym-schultz-n-lonigro-rj-mosquera-jm-montgomery-b-taplin-me-pritchard-cc-attard-g-beltran-h-abida-w-bradley-rk-vinson-j-cao-x-vats-p-kunju-lp-hussain-m-feng-fy
#11
Stephen J Freedland, William J Aronson
Toward development of a precision medicine framework for metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), we established a multi-institutional clinical sequencing infrastructure to conduct prospective whole-exome and transcriptome sequencing of bone or soft tissue tumor biopsies from a cohort of 150 mCRPC affected individuals. Aberrations of AR, ETS genes, TP53, and PTEN were frequent (40%-60% of cases), with TP53 and AR alterations enriched in mCRPC compared to primary prostate cancer. We identified new genomic alterations in PIK3CA/B, R-spondin, BRAF/RAF1, APC, β-catenin, and ZBTB16/PLZF...
June 13, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621585/inactivation-of-nonpathogenic-escherichia-coli-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-salmonella-enterica-typhimurium-and-listeria-monocytogenes-in-ice-using-a-uvc-light-emitting-diode
#12
Suguru Murashita, Shuso Kawamura, Shigenobu Koseki
Ice, widely used in the food industry, is a potential cause of food poisoning resulting from microbial contamination. Direct microbial inactivation of ice is necessary because microorganisms may have been present in the source water used to make it and/or may have been introduced due to poor hygiene during production or handling of the ice. Nonthermal and nondestructive microbial inactivation technologies are needed to control microorganisms in ice. We evaluated the applicability of a UVC light-emitting diode (UVC-LED) for microbial inactivation in ice...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620663/reductive-dissolution-of-supergrowth-carbon-nanotubes-for-tougher-nanocomposites-by-reactive-coagulation-spinning
#13
A J Clancy, D B Anthony, S J Fisher, H S Leese, C S Roberts, M S P Shaffer
Long single-walled carbon nanotubes, with lengths >10 μm, can be spontaneously dissolved by stirring in a sodium naphthalide N,N-dimethylacetamide solution, yielding solutions of individualised nanotubide ions at concentrations up to 0.74 mg mL(-1). This process was directly compared to ultrasonication and found to be less damaging while maintaining greater intrinsic length, with increased individualisation, yield, and concentration. Nanotubide solutions were spun into fibres using a new reactive coagulation process, which covalently grafts a poly(vinyl chloride) matrix to the nanotubes directly at the point of fibre formation...
June 16, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618416/shock-wave-therapy-promotes-cardiomyocyte-autophagy-and-survival-during-hypoxia
#14
Ling Du, Tao Shen, Bing Liu, Yunhe Zhang, Cong Zhao, Na Jia, Que Wang, Qing He
BACKGROUND: Autophagy plays an important role in cardiovascular disease. Controversy still exists regarding the effect of autophagy on ischemic/hypoxic myocardium. Cardiac shock wave therapy (CSWT) is an effective alternative treatment for refractory ischemic heart disease. Whether CSWT can regulate cardiomyocyte autophagy under hypoxic conditions is not clear. We established a myocardial hypoxia model using the H9c2 cell line and performed shock waves (SWs) treatment to evaluate the effect of SW on autophagy...
June 15, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615976/clinical-utility-of-neurostimulation-devices-in-the-treatment-of-overactive-bladder-current-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Dick Aw Janssen, Frank Mj Martens, Liesbeth L de Wall, Hendrikje Mk van Breda, John Pfa Heesakkers
OBJECTIVES: This review describes the evidence from established and experimental therapies that use electrical nerve stimulation to treat lower urinary tract dysfunction. METHODS: Clinical studies on established treatments such as percutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation (P-PTNS), transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) and sacral anterior root stimulation (SARS) are evaluated. In addition, clinical evidence from experimental therapies such as dorsal genital nerve (DGN) stimulation, pudendal nerve stimulation, magnetic nerve stimulation and ankle implants for tibial nerve stimulation are evaluated...
2017: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614745/a-novel-fe-ii-citrate-uv-peroxymonosulfate-process-for-micropollutant-degradation-optimization-by-response-surface-methodology-and-effects-of-water-matrices
#16
Li Ling, Dapeng Zhang, Jingyun Fang, Chihhao Fan, Chii Shang
This paper applied the response surface methodology (RSM) to optimizing a novel Fe(II)/citrate/UV/PMS process in the degradation of a model micropollutant, carbamazepine (CBZ), a persistent emerging contaminant frequently detected in surface water and groundwater. The experimental conditions in terms of two responses, CBZ removal efficiency (Y1) and cost per unit CBZ removal (Y2), were optimized by the central composite design (CCD) in RSM. Modeling data exhibited that the optimum condition resulting in the lowest Y2 while achieving >70% of Y1 was at a UV dose of 265...
June 4, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614326/highly-efficient-passively-q-switched-tm-yap-laser-using-a-cr-zns-saturable-absorber
#17
Brian Cole, Lew Goldberg
We describe a diode-pumped, passively Q-switched 2 μm Tm:YAP laser generating 10.5 W of average power. The laser utilized a Cr<sup>2+</sup>:ZnS saturable absorber with a nonsaturated transmission (T<sub>0</sub>) of 90% and exhibited a record 46% optical slope efficiency and a 42% overall optical conversion efficiency, both measured relative to the incident 794 nm pump power. At maximum average output power, the laser generated 0.6 mJ Q-switched pulses with a maximum peak power of 32 kW...
June 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614319/led-side-pumped-nd-yag-laser-with-20-optical-efficiency-and-the-demonstration-of-an-efficient-passively-q-switched-led-pumped-solid-state-laser
#18
Chun Yu Cho, Chi Chih Pu, Kuan Wei Su, Yung Fu Chen
A LED-array-pumped Nd:YAG laser with optical conversion efficiency up to 20.2% is demonstrated by direct side-pumping without a coupling lens. The 810-nm LED array with a full-width-half-maximum of 30 nm and an area fill factor of 50% is designed to attain high spectral absorption efficiency with a pump density of 151.8  W/cm<sup>2</sup>. Furthermore, higher than 45% overall coupling efficiency is achieved by placing the LED array as close as possible to the side of the gain medium for overcoming the large pumped divergence...
June 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613869/effect-of-different-elicitors-and-pre-harvest-day-application-on-the-content-of-phytochemicals-and-antioxidant-activity-of-butterhead-lettuce-lactuca-sativa-var-capitata-produced-under-hydroponic-conditions
#19
Jesus Omar Moreno-Escamilla, Emilio Alvarez-Parrilla, Laura A de la Rosa, José Alberto Núñez-Gastélum, Gustavo A González-Aguilar, Joaquin Rodrigo-Garcia
The effect of four elicitors on phytochemical content in two varieties of lettuce was evaluated. The best pre-harvest day for application of each elicitor was chosen. Solutions of arachidonic acid (AA), salicylic acid (SA), methyl jasmonate (MJ), and Harpin protein (HP) were applied by foliar aspersion on lettuce leaves while cultivated under hydroponic conditions. Application of elicitors was done at 15, 7, 5, 3 or 1 day before harvest. Green lettuce showed the highest increase in phytochemical content when elicitors (AA, SA, and HP) were applied on day 7 before harvest...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613371/effect-of-shenqin-biochemical-extract-on-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-expression-in-ultraviolet-b-irradiated-hacat-cells
#20
X Chen, J Bai, Y Li, X-G Li, G-F Lv, H-Ch Zhang
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is considered the main transcriptional regulator of the hypoxia-specific cellular and developmental response. This study was performed to investigate the effect of Shenqin biochemical extract (SQBE) on HIF-1α expression in ultraviolet B (UVB)-irradiated HaCaT cells and the possible action mechanisms of SQBE against UVB-induced skin cancer. HaCaT cells in logarithmic growth phase were seeded in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium with 10% fetal bovine serum, and conventionally cultured at 37°C with 5% CO2...
May 31, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
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