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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219468/in-situ-and-in-vitro-ruminal-starch-degradation-of-grains-from-different-rye-triticale-and-barley-genotypes
#1
J Krieg, N Seifried, H Steingass, M Rodehutscord
In recent years, advances in plant breeding were achieved, which potentially led to modified nutritional values of cereal grains. The present study was conducted in order to obtain a broad overview of ruminal digestion kinetics of rye, triticale and barley grains, and to highlight differences between the grain species. In total, 20 genotypes of each grain species were investigated using in situ and in vitro methods. Samples were ground (2 mm), weighed into polyester bags, and incubated in situ 1 to 48 h in three ruminally cannulated lactating dairy cows...
February 21, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217129/ultraviolet-b-inhibits-il-17a-tnf-%C3%AE-stimulated-activation-of-human-dermal-fibroblasts-by-decreasing-the-expression-of-il-17ra-and-il-17rc-on-fibroblasts
#2
Li Yin, YingYing Hu, JiaLi Xu, Jing Guo, Jie Tu, ZhiQiang Yin
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disease, and a mixed Th1/Th17 cytokine environment plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Dermal fibroblasts secrete certain cytokines such as IL-6, IL-8, and CXCL-1, contributing to the hyperproliferative state of the epidermis in psoriatic skin. Ultraviolet B (UVB) phototherapy is one of the most commonly used treatments in psoriasis but the influence of UVB on human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) in psoriasis treatment is not completely understood...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215188/high-school-cardiac-emergency-response-plans-and-sudden-cardiac-death-in-the-young
#3
Michelle J White, Emefah C Loccoh, Monica M Goble, Sunkyung Yu, Folafoluwa O Odetola, Mark W Russell
: Introduction Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is responsible for 5%-10% of all deaths among children 5-19 years-of-age. The incidence of SCD in youth in Michigan (USA) and nationwide is higher in racial/ethnic minorities and in certain geographic areas. School cardiac emergency response plans (CERPs) increase survival after cardiac arrest. However, school cardiac emergency preparedness remains variable. Studying population-level factors associated with school cardiac emergency preparedness and incidence of SCD in the young may improve understanding of disparities in the incidence of SCD...
February 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215185/nutritive-value-and-anthelmintic-effect-of-sainfoin-pellets-fed-to-experimentally-infected-growing-rabbits
#4
H Legendre, H Hoste, T Gidenne
Alternative strategies to synthetic chemical drugs are needed in livestock and are a key issue in organic farming today. This study aimed at examining the potentialities of sainfoin, a legume rich in condensed tannins, as a nutraceutical that combines nutritive and antiparasitic effects in rabbits. To test the effect of infection with a helminth (I: infected groups; NI: not infected groups) and the effect of substituting 40% of the alfalfa in a control diet (C) with sainfoin (diet S), four groups of 16 weaned rabbits were arranged according to a 2×2 bifactorial design...
February 20, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213875/vehicle-type-affects-filling-of-fractional-laser-ablated-channels-imaged-by-optical-coherence-tomography
#5
Uffe Høgh Olesen, Mette Mogensen, Merete Haedersdal
Ablative fractional laser (AFXL) is an emerging method that enhances topical drug delivery. Penetrating the skin in microscopic, vertical channels, termed microscopic treatment zones (MTZs), the fractional technique circumvents the skin barrier and allows increased uptake of topically applied drugs. This study aims to elucidate the impact of vehicle type on the filling of MTZs from application of liquid, gel, and cream vehicles. Ex vivo pig skin was exposed to 10,600 nm fractional CO2 laser at 5% density, 120 μm beam diameter, and fluences of 40 and 80 mJ/microbeam (mJ/mb)...
February 17, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213400/infographic-2016-consensus-statement-on-return-to-sport-from-the-first-world-congress-in-sports-physical-therapy-bern
#6
EDITORIAL
Clare L Ardern, Philip Glasgow, Anthony G Schneiders, Erik Witvrouw, Benjamin Clarsen, Ann Mj Cools, Boris Gojanovic, Steffan Griffin, Karim Khan, Håvard Moksnes, Stephen Mutch, Nicola Phillips, Guus Reurink, Robin Sadler, Karin Gravare Silbernagel, Kristian Thorborg, Arnlaug Wangensteen, Kevin Wilk, Mario Bizzini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212449/energy-intake-and-energy-expenditure-of-pre-professional-female-contemporary-dancers
#7
Meghan A Brown, Glyn Howatson, Edel Quin, Emma Redding, Emma J Stevenson
Many athletes in aesthetic and weight dependent sports are at risk of energy imbalance. However little is known about the exercise and eating behaviours of highly trained dance populations. This investigation sought to determine the energy intake and energy expenditure of pre-professional female contemporary dancers. Twenty-five female contemporary dance students completed the study. Over a 7-day period, including five week days (with scheduled dance training at a conservatoire) and two weekend days (with no scheduled dance training at the conservatoire), energy intake (self-reported weighed food diary and 24 h dietary recall) and expenditure (tri-axial accelerometry) were recorded...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208899/study-of-variation-in-intraocular-pressure-spike-iop-following-nd-yag-laser-capsulotomy
#8
Niharika K Shetty, Sriya Sridhar
INTRODUCTION: Posterior Capsular Opacifications (PCO) is a frequent complication of cataract surgery following posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. Nd -Yag laser capsulotomy is the treatment of choice for PCO and is known to be associated with complications like Raised Intraocular Pressure (IOP), Intraocular lens pitting, intraocular lens cracks, cystoid macular oedema, retinal detachment, corneal burns. Raised IOP is the most common complication and prescribing anti-glaucoma drugs post capsulotomy is a common practise...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208417/terahertz-generation-from-laser-driven-ultrafast-current-propagation-along-a-wire-target
#9
H B Zhuo, S J Zhang, X H Li, H Y Zhou, X Z Li, D B Zou, M Y Yu, H C Wu, Z M Sheng, C T Zhou
Generation of intense coherent THz radiation by obliquely incidenting an intense laser pulse on a wire target is studied using particle-in-cell simulation. The laser-accelerated fast electrons are confined and guided along the surface of the wire, which then acts like a current-carrying line antenna and under appropriate conditions can emit electromagnetic radiation in the THz regime. For a driving laser intensity ∼3×10^{18}W/cm^{2} and pulse duration ∼10 fs, a transient current above 10 KA is produced on the wire surface...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207856/biodiesel-production-potential-from-fat-fraction-of-municipal-waste-in-makkah
#10
K Shahzad, A S Nizami, M Sagir, M Rehan, S Maier, M Z Khan, O K M Ouda, I M I Ismail, A O BaFail
In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), millions of Muslims come to perform Pilgrimage every year. Around one million ton of municipal solid waste (MSW) is generated in Makkah city annually. The collected MSW is disposed of in the landfills without any treatment or energy recovery. As a result, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and contamination of the soil and water bodies along with leachate and odors are occurring in waste disposal vicinities. The composition of MSW shows that food waste is the largest waste stream (up to 51%) of the total generated MSW...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206768/surface-energy-in-nanocrystalline-carbon-thin-films-effect-of-size-dependence-and-atmospheric-exposure
#11
Manish Kumar, Amjed Javid, Jeon Geon Han
Surface energy (SE) is the most sensitive and fundamental parameter for governing the interfacial interactions in nanoscale carbon materials. However, on account of the involved complexities of hybridizations states and surface-bonds, achieved SE values are often lesser in comparison to their theoretical counterparts and strongly influenced with stability aspects. Here, an advanced facing-target pulsed DC unbalanced magnetron sputtering process is presented for the synthesis of undoped and H/N doped- nanocrystalline carbon thin films...
February 16, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204597/cohort-profile-the-taiwan-mj-cohort-half-a-million-chinese-with-repeated-health-surveillance-data
#12
Xifeng Wu, Shan Pou Tsai, Chwen Keng Tsao, Mu Lin Chiu, Min Kuang Tsai, Po Jung Lu, June Han Lee, Chien Hwa Chen, Christopher Wen, Shu-Sen Chang, Chung Y Hsu, Chi Pang Wen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201934/feeding-value-of-field-beans-vicia-faba-l-var-minor-with-and-without-enzyme-containing-tannase-pectinase-and-xylanase-activities-for-broilers
#13
Jalil Mahmwd Abdulla, Stephen Paul Rose, Alexander Mackay Mackenzie, Vasil Radoslavov Pirgozliev
Effects of field beans with various tannin content and exogenous enzyme mixture containing tannase, pectinase and xylanase activities on N-corrected dietary apparent metabolisable energy (AMEn), coefficients of dry matter (DMR) and nitrogen retention (NR), fat digestibility, gastrointestinal tract (GIT) development, jejunal villus morphometry, ileal digesta viscosity and sialic acid were examined. Birds' growth performance and energy conversion ratio (ECR) were also measured. Birds were fed one of eight mash diets...
April 2017: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201933/determination-and-prediction-of-the-digestible-and-metabolisable-energy-content-of-barley-for-growing-pigs-based-on-chemical-composition
#14
Hongliang Wang, Meng Shi, Xiao Xu, Long Pan, Xiaokang Ma, Ping Li, Xiangshu Piao
This experiment was conducted to define the sources of variation determining the energy content of barley and to develop a practical method to predict the digestible energy (DE) and metabolisable energy (ME) content of individual barley samples. The 19 barley samples used in this study were diverse varieties grown in different regions. The feeding experiment used 57 barrows (initial body weight 31.5 ± 3.2 kg) and was conducted over two consecutive periods (n = 6 per treatment) using a completely randomised design...
April 2017: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201904/relaxation-time-and-excess-entropy-in-viscous-liquids-electric-field-versus-temperature-as-control-parameter
#15
Ranko Richert
On the basis of adiabatic calorimetry data and results obtained from dielectric relaxation studies in the presence of a high static electric field, the effects of temperature and electric field induced changes of the excess entropy are compared for the same sample: supercooled cresolphthalein dimethylether. A field induced reduction of the excess entropy by 45 mJ K(-1) mol(-1) at constant temperature increases the structural relaxation time by 0.75%, while the same entropy change originating from lowering the temperature at constant field increases the time constant by 3...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198845/picosecond-kilohertz-class-cryogenically-cooled-multistage-yb-doped-chirped-pulse-amplifier
#16
F X Morrissey, T Y Fan, D E Miller, D Rand
A multistage cryogenic chirped pulse amplifier has been developed, utilizing two different Yb-doped gain materials in subsequent amplifier stages. A Yb:GSAG regenerative amplifier followed by a Yb:YAG power amplifier is able to deliver pulses with a broader bandwidth than a system using only one of these two gain media throughout. We demonstrate 90 mJ of pulse energy (113 W of average power) uncompressed and 67 mJ (84 W of average power) compressed at 1.25 kHz pulse repetition frequency, 3.0 ps FWHM Gaussian pulse width, and near-diffraction-limited (M<sup>2</sup><1...
February 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196553/association-between-body-energy-content-in-the-dry-period-and-post-calving-production-disease-status-in-dairy-cattle
#17
G L Smith, N C Friggens, C J Ashworth, M G G Chagunda
The transition from gestation to lactation is marked by significant physiological changes for the individual cow such that disease incidence is highest in early lactation. Around the time of calving, cows rely on mobilisation of body energy reserves to fill the energy deficit created by an increase in nutrient demands at a time of restricted feed intake. It is well established that monitoring of body energy reserves in lactation is an important component of herd health management. However, despite their influence on future health and productivity, monitoring of body energy reserves in the dry period is often sparse...
February 15, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184976/decreased-diastolic-ventricular-kinetic-energy-in-young-patients-with-fontan-circulation-demonstrated-by-four-dimensional-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#18
Pia Sjöberg, Einar Heiberg, Pär Wingren, Jens Ramgren Johansson, Torsten Malm, Håkan Arheden, Petru Liuba, Marcus Carlsson
Four-dimensional (4D) flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enables quantification of kinetic energy (KE) in intraventricular blood flow. This provides a novel way to understand the cardiovascular physiology of the Fontan circulation. In this study, we aimed to quantify the KE in functional single ventricles. 4D flow MRI was acquired in eleven patients with Fontan circulation (median age 12 years, range 3-29) and eight healthy volunteers (median age 26 years, range 23-36). Follow-up MRI after surgical or percutaneous intervention was performed in 3 patients...
February 10, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181723/nanosecond-laser-assisted-nitrogen-doping-of-graphene-oxide-dispersions
#19
Dejan Kepić, Stefania Sandoval, Ángel Pérez Del Pino, Enikö György, Laura Cabana, Belén Ballesteros, Gerard Tobias
N-doped reduced graphene oxide (RGO) has been prepared in bulk form by laser irradiation of graphene oxide (GO) dispersed in an aqueous solution of ammonia. A pulsed Nd:YAG laser with emission wavelengths in the infrared (IR) 1064 nm, visible (VIS) 532 nm, and ultraviolet (UV) 266 nm spectral regions was employed for the preparation of the N-doped RGO samples. Regardless of the laser energy employed, the resulting material presents a higher fraction of pyrrolic nitrogen compared to nitrogen atoms in pyridinic and graphitic coordination...
February 9, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171835/investigation-of-waste-biomass-co-pyrolysis-with-petroleum-sludge-using-a-response-surface-methodology
#20
Guangji Hu, Jianbing Li, Xinying Zhang, Yubao Li
The treatment of waste biomass (sawdust) through co-pyrolysis with refinery oily sludge was carried out in a fixed-bed reactor. Response surface method was applied to evaluate the main and interaction effects of three experimental factors (sawdust percentage in feedstock, temperature, and heating rate) on pyrolysis oil and char yields. It was found that the oil and char yields increased with sawdust percentage in feedstock. The interaction between heating rate and sawdust percentage as well as between heating rate and temperature was significant on the pyrolysis oil yield...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
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