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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168360/does-nissen-fundoplication-improve-deglutition-in-children
#1
Tutku Soyer, Şule Yalçın, Numan Demir, Asuman Nur Karhan, İnci Nur Saltık-Temizel, Hülya Demir, Feridun Cahit Tanyel
Soyer T, Yalçın Ş, Demir N, Karhan AN, Saltık-Temizel İN, Demir H, Tanyel FC. Does Nissen fundoplication improve deglutition in children? Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 28-34. A prospective study was performed to evaluate the effect of Nissen fundoplication (NF) on deglutition in children. Children who underwent NF between 2011-2015 were evaluated for demographic features, clinical findings, diagnostic methods for gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and indications for NF. Penetration aspiration scale (PAS), functional oral intake scale (FOIS) and esophageal functions were evaluated by videoflouroscopy (VFS)...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168289/cannabinoids-for-nausea-and-vomiting-related-to-chemotherapy-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#2
REVIEW
Victor Schussel, Lucas Kenzo, Andreia Santos, Júlia Bueno, Ellen Yoshimura, Carolina de Oliveira Cruz Latorraca, Daniela Vianna Pachito, Rachel Riera
Nausea and vomiting are common and distressing adverse events of chemotherapy. This review focuses on the findings and quality of systematic reviews (SRs) of cannabinoids for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). Review of SRs, a systematic literature search, was conducted in several electronic databases and included SRs evaluating cannabinoids for CINV in cancer patients. Methodological quality and quality of reporting were evaluated by AMSTAR and PRISMA, respectively. Initial search retrieved 2,206 records, and 5 SRs were included...
November 23, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168157/perioperative-implications-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-a-case-series-of-euglycemic-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-three-patients-after-cardiac-surgery
#3
Aaron Lau, Simon Bruce, Erica Wang, Ron Ree, Kevin Rondi, Anthony Chau
PURPOSE: Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) comprise the newest class of oral hypoglycemic agents approved for treating type II diabetes mellitus (DM-II). Their use, however, has been associated with the rare development of euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis (euDKA). We present three cases of euDKA that occurred following elective coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. The role of the anesthesiologist in the prevention, diagnosis, and management of this complication is also discussed...
November 22, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167219/ingestion-of-nine-metallic-nails-with-corrosive-what-happened-next
#4
Manu Vats, Sadhasivam Ramasamy, Sushanto Neogi, Sanjeev Kumar Tudu
A 20-year-old woman was brought to the surgery emergency department with the complaint of epigastric pain since 1 day following ingestion of multiple metallic nails with a cup full of toilet cleaner (corrosive acid) with a suicidal intention. Physical examination was essentially unremarkable, and the abdomen showed no signs of perforation peritonitis. X-rays of the abdomen showed multiple 'nail'-like radiopaque shadows in the abdominal cavity with no evidence of free gas under the domes of the diaphragm. A non-operative expectant management was pursued...
November 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167081/randomized-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-leg-crossing-and-muscle-tensing-technique-on-decreasing-vasovagal-symptoms-among-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients-undergoing-peripheral-iv-catheter-insertion
#5
Laura McIntyre-Patton, Shannon Wanderski, Deb Graef, Laura Woessner, Rachel Baker
Peripheral intravenous (PIV) catheter insertion is a common procedure that can cause vasovagal symptoms. Lower extremity muscle tensing techniques decrease these symptoms in adults. However, there are no studies examining this technique in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine whether pediatric patients are able to perform the technique and to determine the effects of this technique on vasovagal symptoms in a pediatric population. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: A parallel-group randomized controlled trial was conducted with 28 patients cared for in a pediatric surgery unit...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166939/acute-cerebellitis-in-adults-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
A Van Samkar, M N F Poulsen, H P Bienfait, R B Van Leeuwen
BACKGROUND: Acute cerebellitis is a rare disease with the majority of cases described in children. Little is known about the clinical characteristics and outcome in adults. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old Caucasian woman presented with headache, nausea, and photophobia, and was diagnosed as having a migraine attack. Two days later, she subsequently returned with aggravated headache, dysarthria and horizontal nystagmus. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a swollen cerebellum and hydrocephalus and the patient was diagnosed with acute cerebellitis...
November 22, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166867/clinical-and-virological-factors-associated-with-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-patients-with-acute-respiratory-infection-a-two-year-prospective-study-in-general-practice-medicine
#7
Laetitia Minodier, Shirley Masse, Lisandru Capai, Thierry Blanchon, Pierre-Emmanuel Ceccaldi, Sylvie van der Werf, Thomas Hanslik, Remi Charrel, Alessandra Falchi
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, such as diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain and nausea are not an uncommon manifestation of an acute respiratory infection (ARI). We therefore evaluated clinical and microbiological factors associated with the presence of GI symptoms in patients consulting a general practitioner (GP) for ARI. METHODS: Nasopharyngeal swabs, stool specimens and clinical data from patients presenting to GPs with an ARI were prospectively collected during two winter seasons (2014-2016)...
November 22, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165519/-central-nervous-system-infection-by-bartonella-henselae-associated-with-a-choroid-plexus-papilloma
#8
Natalia Barnafi, Natalia Conca, Cecilia von Borries, Isabel Fuentes, Francisca Montoya, Elisa Alcalde
Bartonella henselae infection is a prevalent illness in Chile. It presents generally as a cat scratch disease or as a prolonged fever syndrome. There are atypical manifestations, which include central nervous system, bone, cardiac and hepato-esplenic compromised. We present an adolescent case with a history of fever, vomiting and ataxia, whose diagnosis was a central nervous system infection by Bartonella henselae associated with a choroid plexus papilloma. This case corresponds to an unusual presentation, with a challenging diagnosis...
August 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164623/pharmacokinetic-profiles-of-the-two-major-active-metabolites-of-metamizole-dipyrone-in-cats-following-three-different-routes-of-administration
#9
B Lebkowska-Wieruszewska, T W Kim, B Chea, H Owen, A Poapolathep, M Giorgi
This study was performed to determine pharmacokinetic profiles of the two active metabolites of the analgesic drug metamizole (dipyrone, MET), 4-methylaminoantipyrine (MAA), and 4-aminoantipyrine (AA), after intravenous (i.v., intramuscular (i.m.), and oral (p.o.) administration in cats. Six healthy mixed-breed cats were administered MET (25 mg/kg) by i.v., i.m., or p.o. routes in a crossover design. Adverse clinical signs, namely salivation and vomiting, were detected in all groups (i.v. 67%, i.m. 34%, and p...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164561/study-of-prevalence-and-influencing-factors-of-depression-in-tumor-patients-and-the-therapeutic-effects-of-fluoxetine
#10
J Dai, N Liao, J Shi, J-Q Tao
OBJECTIVE: To observe the depression in patients with malignant tumor and influencing factors of the disease, as well as to investigate the effects of fluoxetine on depressive symptoms in cancer patients and the immune function. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 262 patients with malignant tumors, confirmed by pathological and radiological diagnosis as malignant tumor were randomly divided into 2 groups: the control group with chemotherapy; the treatment group with chemotherapy and 20 mg/d fluoxetine for six weeks...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164546/-testing-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-taiwan-health-related-quality-of-life-for-nausea-and-vomiting-during-pregnancy-scale
#11
Yi-Hua Chung, Shiau-Ting Tsai, Mei-Chun Liu, Fan-Hao Chou
BACKGROUND: Symptom distress related to pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting is known to impact quality of life in pregnant women. However, few reliable and valid assessment tools are available for research use. PURPOSE: To test the reliability and validity of the Taiwan health-related quality of life for nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (NVPQOL) scale. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was conducted. A convenience sample of 416 pregnant women in their first and second trimesters were recruited from the prenatal clinics of one medical center and one regional teaching hospital in southern Taiwan...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164335/clinical-characteristics-of-acute-pancreatitis-in-pregnancy-experience-based-on-121-cases
#12
Lingyu Luo, Hao Zen, Hongrong Xu, Yin Zhu, Pi Liu, Liang Xia, Wenhua He, Nonghua Lv
PURPOSE: Acute pancreatitis in pregnancy (APIP) is a rare condition; however, it markedly affects maternal and fetal health. This study aimed to describe the types, clinical characteristics, mortality, and the safety and necessity of gestation termination of acute pancreatitis in pregnancy (APIP). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 121 APIP cases in the Gastroenterology Department of The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. APIP diagnosis were based on 2012 Atlanta Criteria...
November 21, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164086/a-novel-missense-mutation-of-the-nsd1-gene-associated-with-overgrowth-in-three-generations-of-an-italian-family-case-report-differential-diagnosis-and-review-of-mutations-of-nsd1-gene-in-familial-sotos-syndrome
#13
Gianluigi Laccetta, Francesca Moscuzza, Angela Michelucci, Andrea Guzzetta, Sara Lunardi, Francesca Lorenzoni, Paolo Ghirri
Sotos syndrome (SoS) is characterized by overgrowth of prenatal onset, learning disability, and characteristic facial appearance; it is usually due to haploinsufficiency of NSD1 gene at chromosome 5q35. An Italian child was born at 37 weeks of gestation (weight 2,910 g, 25th-50th centiles; length 50 cm, 75th centile; head circumference 36 cm, 97th centile) showing cryptorchidism on the right side, hypertelorism, dolichocephaly, broad and prominent forehead, and narrow jaw; the pregnancy was worsened by maternal preeclampsia and gestational diabetes, and his mother had a previous history of four early miscarriages...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163958/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-sodium-picosulphate-with-magnesium-citrate-as-bowel-preparation-for-colonoscopy
#14
REVIEW
Ilvy van Lieshout, Isabelle D Munsterman, Anne M Eskes, Jolanda M Maaskant, René van der Hulst
Background: An effective and tolerable bowel preparation is important to secure quality of colonoscopies. It remains unclear if sodium picosulphate with magnesium citrate (SPMC), which is considered a tolerable bowel preparation agent, is also an effective alternative for polyethylene glycol (PEG) and sodium phosphate (NaP). Aim: The aim of this article is to compare effectiveness of SPMC to PEG and NaP through assessment of quality of bowel cleansing measured by validated tools...
November 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163732/a-comparison-of-the-effects-and-side-effects-of-oral-betahistine-with-injectable-promethazine-in-the-treatment-of-acute-peripheral-vertigo-in-emergency
#15
Hassan Motamed, Meisam Moezzi, Ali Dalir Rooyfard, Kambiz Ahmadi Angali, Zahra Izadi
Background: Vertigo is an illusion of rotation that is caused by the asymmetry of neurological function of the right and left vestibular nuclei. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and side effects of oral betahistine with injectable promethazine in treatment of acute peripheral vertigo. Methods: In this double-blind clinical trial study, the patients with acute peripheral vertigo were assigned in the two groups: receiving promethazine intramuscularly at a dose of 25 mg (group A) and receiving 8 mg betahistine tablets (group B) and the severity of their vertigo was evaluated on the visual analog scale (VAS) scoring system...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161795/superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-combined-with-renal-nutcracker-syndrome-in-a-young-male-a-case-report
#16
Myung Jin Oh
Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome is one of the rare causes of small bowel obstruction. It develops following a marked decrease in the angle between SMA and the abdominal aorta due to weight loss, anatomical anomalies, or following surgeries. Nutcracker syndrome in the left renal vein may also occur following a decrease in the aortomesenteric angle. Though SMA syndrome and renal nutcracker syndrome share the same pathogenesis, concurrent development has rarely been reported. Herein, we report a 23-year-old healthy male diagnosed with SMA syndrome and renal nutcracker syndrome due to severe weight reduction...
November 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160622/mechanical-colon-cleansing-for-screening-colonoscopy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Kamran Ayub, Gyanprakash Ketwaroo, Suhaib Abudayyeh, Abeer Ibrahim, Rhonda A Cole, Rosetta Brumfield-Brown, Waqar A Qureshi, Linda Rabeneck, David Y Graham
AIMS: Effective screening colonoscopy depends on the quality of colon preparation. To compare pulsed irrigation evacuation (PIE), polyethylene glycol (PEG) and sodium phosphate colon preps. METHODS: Outpatients at a VA hospital were randomized using sealed envelopes. Preparations consisted of: 4 liters Golytely; 90 mL of Fleet sodium phosphate with 4-6 glasses water b.i.d., and 296 mL of Mg citrate in the evening with PIE prior to colonoscopy. Colon cleansing was assessed blindly using a 5-point scale: 0 = very poor to 4 = excellent...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160547/ultrasound-biomicroscopy-in-acetazolamide-induced-myopic-shift-with-appositional-angle-closure
#18
Julio Daniel Grigera, Emilio Daniel Grigera
We report a case of a 49-year-old female who presented to the emergency department with blurred vision and vomiting, hours after taking two tablets of 250 mg of acetazolamide. The anterior chamber was bilaterally flat, with normal intraocular pressure in both eyes. An ultrasound biomicroscopic (UBM) examination showed bilateral ciliary effusion and complete appositional angle closure in all quadrants. Acetazolamide-induced bilateral angle closure was diagnosed. Steroid and cycloplegic therapy were initiated, and acetazolamide was discontinued...
September 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159782/cecal-bascule-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
B E Lung, S B Yelika, A S Murthy, M Gachabayov, P Denoya
BACKGROUND: Cecal volvulus is a rare clinical entity with an average incidence of 2.8-7.1 per million people per year, accounting for 1-2% of all large bowel obstructions. Cecal bascule is the rarest type of cecal volvulus, accounting for 5-20% of all cases. Although several case reports have been published, there is no consensus regarding its diagnosis and treatment. The aim of this study was to review the literature on cecal bascule in order to summarize the etiopathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment options...
November 20, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159751/septal-and-turbinate-surgery-is-overnight-essential
#20
Ana Sousa Menezes, Joana R Guimarães, Miguel Breda, Vicente Vieira, Luís Dias
INTRODUCTION: The performance of septoplasty and turbinate surgery in an outpatient basis is an increasingly established practice, although is still a controversial topic. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 227 patients who underwent septoplasty ± inferior and/or middle turbinoplasty. Demographic, clinical, surgical, and anesthetic data were collected. Our primary outcomes were rates of perioperative complications, prolongation of hospital stay (PHS), unexpected hospital revisits (UHR), or readmissions within 30 days of surgery...
November 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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