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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226019/hospitalizations-of-brazilian-children-under-fiver-years-old-a-systematic-review
#1
Dixis Figueroa Pedraza, Erika Morganna Neves de Araujo
Objective: to describe the causes of hospitalization of Brazilian children under five years old. Methods: this is a systematic review of articles published from 2008 to 2015, searched in the databases Medline and LILACS; selected studies were critically analyzed through a validated instrument. Results: eleven articles were included, four of them are ecological and seven are cross-sectional studies; respiratory diseases (n=5), parasitic infections (n=4) and perinatal diseases (n=2) were the main causes for hospitalizations in the reviwed articles; in the studies that analyzed the sensitive conditions, pneumonia (n=6), gastroenteritis (n=5), and asthma (n=5) were the mais causes pointed out...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226008/time-trends-in-hospitalizations-for-ambulatory-care-sensitive-conditions-among-children-under-five-years-old-in-cear%C3%A3-brazil-2000-2012
#2
Líllian de Queiroz Costa, Elzo Pereira Pinto, Marcelo Gurgel Carlos da Silva
OBJECTIVE: to analyze time trends and describe the causes of hospitalizations for Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions (ACSC) in children under five years old in Ceará, Brazil, 2000-2012. METHODS: this is an ecological time series study using data from the National Hospital Information System; trends were analyzed using Prais-Winsten regression. RESULTS: from 2000 and 2016 ACSC hospitalization rates fell from 32.5 to 11.2/1,000 inhabitants under five years old (annual variation of -16...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224385/evaluation-of-real-time-rt-pcr-assays-for-detection-and-quantification-of-norovirus-genogroups-i-and-ii
#3
Kitwadee Rupprom, Porntip Chavalitshewinkoon-Petmitr, Pornphan Diraphat, Leera Kittigul
Noroviruses are the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis in humans. Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (real-time RT-PCR) is a promising molecular method for the detection of noroviruses. In this study, the performance of three TaqMan real-time RT-PCR assays was assessed, which were one commercially available real-time RT-PCR kit (assay A: Norovirus Real Time RT-PCR kit) and two in-house real-time RT-PCR assays (assay B: LightCycler RNA Master Hybprobe and assay C: RealTime ready RNA Virus Master)...
February 20, 2017: Virologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223146/identification-of-a-novel-cosavirus-species-in-feces-of-children-and-its-relationship-with-acute-gastroenteritis-in-china
#4
Jie-Mei Yu, Yuan-Yun Ao, Li-Li Li, Zhao-Jun Duan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of human cosavirus (HCosV) in China and to determine the association of a novel HCosV (Cosa-CHN) with acute gastroenteritis (AGE) . METHODS: A case-control study with 461 paired stool samples from diarrhea and healthy children was conducted. Real-time PCR and nested PCR were used to detect the HCosVs. Rapid-amplification of cDNA ends was employed to obtain the ends of the Cosa-CHN. RESULTS: Known HCosVs were detected in two control samples, while Cosa-CHN was detected in eight (1...
February 18, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222687/a-controlled-survey-of-less-typical-long-term-consequences-after-an-extensive-waterborne-epidemic
#5
Janne Laine, Outi Laine, Jukka Lumio, Jaakko Antonen, Salla Toikkanen, Mikko J Virtanen, Markku Kuusi
BACKGROUND: Extensive backflow of treated wastewater caused household water contamination in a Finnish town in 2007. The drinking water of 9 500 residents became heavily polluted with faecal microbes, resulting in a large gastroenteritis epidemic. Cases of reactive arthritis, milder joint symptoms and prolonged gastrointestinal symptoms were observed after the outbreak. A follow-up survey was performed to study less familiar long-term health consequences within a year from the outbreak...
February 21, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221974/evaluation-of-a-surface-sampling-method-for-recovery-of-human-noroviruses-prior-to-detection-using-reverse-transcription-quantitative-pcr
#6
Grace Tung-Thompson, Blanca I Escudero-Abarca, Janie Outlaw, Arnaud Ganee, Sylvanie Cassard, Claude Mabilat, Lee-Ann Jaykus
Human noroviruses are the most common cause of acute viral gastroenteritis, and the environmental persistence of these viruses contributes to their transmissibility. Environmental sampling is thus an important tool for investigating norovirus outbreaks and for assessing the effectiveness of cleaning and decontamination regimens. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a sampling material (wipes) for their efficacy at recovering human norovirus from hard surfaces and foods. Dilutions of a human norovirus GII...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221930/escherichia-albertii-inactivation-following-l-lactic-acid-exposure-or-cooking-in-ground-beef
#7
Amie M Jones-Ibarra, Kayley R Wall, Jennifer Vuia-Riser, Chris R Kerth, Alejandro Castillo, T Matthew Taylor
Escherichia albertii is an emerging foodborne pathogen recovered from young children and adults exhibiting symptoms of gastroenteritis via pathogenesis factors including attaching and effacing lesions, cytolethal distending toxin, and Shiga toxin variants. Study objectives were to determine E. albertii survival following (i) exposure to lactic acid as a function of solution pH and incubation period and (ii) cooking ground beef patties to different endpoint temperatures. E. albertii was incubated in phosphate buffer containing 3...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220512/sofosbuvir-velpatasvir-voxilaprevir-with-or-without-ribavirin-in-daa-experienced-patients-with-genotype-1-hcv
#8
Eric Lawitz, Fred Poordad, Jennifer Wells, Robert H Hyland, Yin Yang, Hadas Dvory-Sobol, Luisa M Stamm, Diana M Brainard, John G McHutchison, Carmen Landaverde, Julio Gutierrez
: The optimal retreatment strategy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1-infected patients who fail direct-acting antiviral (DAA)-based regimens remains unknown. In this phase 2, open-label study conducted at a single center in the United States, patients with HCV genotype 1 infection who previously failed to achieve sustained virologic response on a DAA-based regimen were randomized to receive treatment with a fixed-dose combination tablet of sofosbuvir-velpatasvir-voxilaprevir with or without ribavirin for 12 weeks...
February 21, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220491/prevalence-and-behavior-of-multidrug-resistant-salmonella-strains-on-raw-whole-and-cut-nopalitos-opuntia-ficus-indica-l-and-on-nopalitos-salads
#9
Carlos A Gómez-Aldapa, Eduardo J Gutiérrez-Alcántara, M Refugio Torres-Vitela, Esmeralda Rangel-Vargas, Angelica Villarruel-López, Javier Castro-Rosas
BACKGROUND: The presence of multidrug-resistant Salmonella in vegetables is a significant public health concern. Nopalito is a cactaceous that is commonly consumed either raw or cooked in Mexico and other countries. Presence of antibiotic-resistant Salmonella strains on raw whole nopalitos (RWN, without prickles), raw nopalitos cut into squares (RNCS) and in cooked nopalitos salads (CNS) samples was determined. In addition, the behavior of multidrug-resistant Salmonella isolates on RWN, RNCS and CNS at 25° ± 2 °C and 3° ± 2 °C was investigated...
February 20, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219831/expression-and-characterization-of-the-major-capsid-protein-derived-from-a-gii-6-norovirus-strain-isolated-in-china
#10
Yuqi Huo, Lijun Zheng, Xuhui Chen, Lili Ge, Yumei Wang
The objective of this study was to express and characterize the major capsid protein (VP1) of a GII.6 Norovirus (NoV)strain isolated in China. The newly identified GII.6 NoV strain was isolated from a five-year old boy presenting acute gastroenteritis. The genome of the GII.6 strain was 7550 nucleotides in length, excluding the poly-adenylation tail. Multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis based on deduced VP1 amino acid sequences from different genotypes indicated close relationship between GII...
February 17, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218712/epidemiology-of-classic-and-novel-human-astrovirus-gastroenteritis-and-beyond
#11
REVIEW
Diem-Lan Vu, Albert Bosch, Rosa M Pintó, Susana Guix
Since they were identified in 1975, human astroviruses have been considered one of the most important agents of viral acute gastroenteritis in children. However, highly divergent astroviruses infecting humans have been recently discovered and associated with extra-intestinal infections. The report of cases of fatal meningitis and encephalitis, especially in immunocompromised individuals, has broadened their disease spectrum. Although zoonotic transmission among animal and human astroviruses has not been clearly recognized, the genetic similarity between some human and animal viruses makes it likely to occur...
February 18, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217442/whole-genome-sequencing-and-analysis-of-campylobacter-coli-yh502-from-retail-chicken-reveals-a-plasmid-borne-type-vi-secretion-system
#12
Sandeep Ghatak, Yiping He, Sue Reed, Terence Strobaugh, Peter Irwin
Campylobacter is a major cause of foodborne illnesses worldwide. Campylobacter infections, commonly caused by ingestion of undercooked poultry and meat products, can lead to gastroenteritis and chronic reactive arthritis in humans. Whole genome sequencing (WGS) is a powerful technology that provides comprehensive genetic information about bacteria and is increasingly being applied to study foodborne pathogens: e.g., evolution, epidemiology/outbreak investigation, and detection. Herein we report the complete genome sequence of Campylobacter coli strain YH502 isolated from retail chicken in the United States...
March 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216959/prescription-patterns-and-appropriateness-of-antibiotics-in-the-management-of-cough-cold-and-diarrhea-in-a-rural-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital
#13
Akram Ahmad, Muhammad Umair Khan, Sadiqa Malik, Guru Prasad Mohanta, S Parimalakrishnan, Isha Patel, Sameer Dhingra
BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis and respiratory illnesses are the major causes of morbidity and mortality in children under 5 years of age. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prescription pattern of antibiotic utilization during the treatment of cough/cold and/or diarrhea in pediatric patients. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted for 6 months in pediatric units of a tertiary care hospital in South India. Children under 5 years of age presenting with illness related to diarrhea and/or cough/cold were included in this study...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216189/rotavirus-immunization-global-coverage-and-local-barriers-for-implementation
#14
Andrea Lo Vecchio, Ilaria Liguoro, Jorge Amil Dias, James A Berkley, Chris Boey, Mitchell B Cohen, Sylvia Cruchet, Eduardo Salazar-Lindo, Samir Podder, Bhupinder Sandhu, Philip M Sherman, Toshiaki Shimizu, Alfredo Guarino
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus (RV) is a major agent of gastroenteritis and an important cause of child death worldwide. Immunization (RVI) has been available since 2006, and the Federation of International Societies of Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) identified RVI as a top priority for the control of diarrheal illness. A FISPGHAN working group on acute diarrhea aimed at estimating the current RVI coverage worldwide and identifying barriers to implementation at local level...
February 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214189/economic-assessment-of-rotavirus-vaccination-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Amal Y A Al-Aidaroos, Baudouin Standaert, Kinga Meszaros, Atef M Shibl
In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), rotavirus universal mass vaccination has been introduced in 2013, however, there is limited information available on the economic benefit and the epidemiological impact of the programme to date. We used a Markov cohort model to evaluate and compare the economic value of rotavirus vaccination with no vaccination in a birth cohort of 562,428 infants. This lifetime analysis considered the societal perspective. Model input was obtained through consensus of local experts after two rounds of evaluation of the proposed estimates...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213546/environmental-surveillance-of-norovirus-genogroups-i-and-ii-for-sensitive-detection-of-epidemic-variants
#16
Shinobu Kazama, Takayuki Miura, Yoshifumi Masago, Yoshimitsu Konta, Kentaro Tohma, Takafumi Manaka, Xiaofang Liu, Daisuke Nakayama, Takashi Tanno, Mayuko Saito, Hitoshi Oshitani, Tatsuo Omura
Sewage samples have been investigated to study the level of noroviruses concentration in sewage or the genotypes of noroviruses circulating in human populations. However, the statistical relationship between the concentration of the virus and the number of infected individuals, and the clinical importance of genotypes or strains detected in sewage are unclear. In this study, we carried out both environmental and clinical surveillance of noroviruses for three years: 2013-2016. We performed cross-correlation analysis between the concentrations of norovirus GI or GII in sewage samples collected weekly and the number of gastroenteritis cases...
February 17, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209468/characteristics-of-nontyphoidal-salmonella-gastroenteritis-in-taiwanese-children-a-9-year-period-retrospective-medical-record-review
#17
Yeh-Ting Hung, Chorng-Jang Lay, Chun-Lung Wang, Malcolm Koo
Nontyphoidal Salmonella is among the most common causes of acute pediatric gastroenteritis in Taiwan. It is important to study antibiotic resistance patterns in nontyphoidal Salmonella isolated from children. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of serogroups and susceptibility to antimicrobial nontyphoidal Salmonella isolated from Taiwanese children with gastroenteritis. A retrospective review of the medical records of patients aged under 18 years with a diagnosis of acute gastroenteritis at a regional hospital located in southern Taiwan from August 2000 to August 2009 was conducted...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209267/assessment-of-volume-status-and-appropriate-fluid-replenishment-in-the-setting-of-nephrotic-syndrome
#18
Pierluigi Marzuillo, Stefano Guarino, Andrea Apicella, Rosaria Marotta, Vincenzo Tipo, Laura Perrone, Angela La Manna, Giovanni Montini
BACKGROUND: When the permeability of the glomerular filtration barrier increases, leading to proteinuria, nephrotic syndrome (NS) occurs. First episodes or relapses of NS can be concurrent with acute gastroenteritis (AGE) infections. This condition can cause further deterioration of the hypovolemic state, as intravascular water is lost through both AGE-related vomiting/diarrhea and NS-related fluid shifting into the interstitium. In this case report, we wish to raise the issues about the difficult management of children presenting with both NS and AGE...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207307/nontyphoidal-salmonella-gastroenteritis-in-baoshan-shanghai-china-2010-to-2014-an-etiological-surveillance-and-case-control-study
#19
Xingtang Yang, Kai Jin, Fan Yang, Guoping Yuan, Wenbin Liu, Lunhui Xiang, Zhenqiang Wu, Zixiong Li, Jianying Mao, Junqing Shen, Nelson Lombe, Hemitério Zandamela, Lucrece Hazoume, Xiaomei Hou, Yibo Ding, Guangwen Cao
Nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) gastroenteritis is a widespread global foodborne disease. To identify the epidemiologic characteristics, sources of food contamination, and risk factors of NTS gastroenteritis, epidemiologic data and stool specimens of diarrheal patients were collected from sentinel hospitals in Baoshan, Shanghai, People's Republic of China, between 2010 and 2014. Food products from nearby farmers' markets and animal feces from live poultry markets and livestock farms were sampled to identify the pathogen; a case-control study was conducted to characterize risk factors of NTS gastroenteritis...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205571/erratum-genome-analysis-of-campylobacter-concisus-strains-from-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-gastroenteritis-provides-new-insights-into-pathogenicity
#20
Heung Kit Leslie Chung, Alfred Tay, Sophie Octavia, Jieqiong Chen, Fang Liu, Rena Ma, Ruiting Lan, Stephen M Riordan, Michael C Grimm, Li Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
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