keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

RRT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097814/detection-and-molecular-characterization-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-viruses-from-outbreaks-in-some-states-of-northern-nigeria-2013-2015
#1
D O Ehizibolo, A Haegeman, A R De Vleeschauwer, J U Umoh, H M Kazeem, E C Okolocha, K De Clercq, S Van Borm
Control measures for foot and mouth disease (FMD) in Nigeria have not been implemented due to the absence of locally produced vaccines and risk-based analysis resulting from insufficient data on the circulating FMD virus (FMDV) serotypes/strains. In 2013-2015, blood and epithelial samples were collected from reported FMD outbreaks in four states (Kaduna, Kwara, Plateau and Bauchi) in northern Nigeria. FMDV non-structural protein (NSP) seroprevalence for the outbreaks was estimated at 80% (72 of 90) and 70% (131 of 188) post-outbreak...
January 17, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096014/a-measure-of-facilitators-and-barriers-to-rapid-response-team-activation
#2
Kim S Astroth, Wendy M Woith, Sheryl H Jenkins, Matthew S Hesson-McInnis
PURPOSE: Poor patient outcomes and increased costs may be associated with underutilization of RRTs. The aim of this study was to develop and test an instrument that identifies specific facilitators and barriers to rapid response team (RRT) activation. METHODS: Using an exploratory design, we surveyed a convenience sample of 250 registered nurses (RNs) employed in five Illinois hospitals. Participants completed the online RRT Facilitators and Barriers Survey (RRT-FBS), a 36 item survey developed by the researchers...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088774/association-between-e-alert-implementation-for-detection-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#3
Philippe Lachance, Pierre-Marc Villeneuve, Oleksa G Rewa, Francis P Wilson, Nicholas M Selby, Robin M Featherstone, Sean M Bagshaw
BACKGROUND: Electronic alerts (e-alerts) for acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized patients are increasingly being implemented; however, their impact on outcomes remains uncertain. METHODS: We performed a systematic review. Electronic databases and grey literature were searched for original studies published between 1990 and 2016. Randomized, quasi-randomized, observational and before-and-after studies that included hospitalized patients, implemented e-alerts for AKI and described their impact on one of care processes, patient-centred outcomes or resource utilization measures were included...
January 14, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087288/outcome-of-adult-patients-attended-by-rapid-response-teams-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Joonas Tirkkonen, Tero Tamminen, Markus Skrifvars
BACKGROUND: An abundance of studies have investigated the impact of rapid response teams (RRTs) on in-hospital cardiac arrest rates. However, existing RRT data appear highly variable in terms of both study quality and reported uses of limitations of care, patient survival and patient long-term outcome. METHODS: A systematic electronic literature search (January, 1990-March, 2016) of the PubMed and Cochrane databases was performed. Bibliographies of articles included in the full-text review were searched for additional studies...
January 10, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078828/biomarkers-upon-discontinuation-of-renal-replacement-therapy-predict-60-day-survival-and-renal-recovery-in-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#5
Tingting Yang, Si Sun, Yuliang Zhao, Qiang Liu, Mei Han, Liping Lin, Baihai Su, Songmin Huang, Lichuan Yang
Introduction There is no consensus on the specific indications for weaning critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) off renal replacement therapy (RRT). This study aimed to explore the prognostic value of several biomarkers measured upon discontinuation of RRT for their value in predicting 60-day survival and renal recovery in an effort to add knowledge to the decision-making process regarding RRT withdrawal. Methods We prospectively enrolled 102 patients with AKI who required RRT from the intensive care unit...
January 11, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077093/evaluation-of-the-point-of-care-becton-dickinson-veritor%C3%A2-rapid-influenza-diagnostic-test-in-kenya-2013-2014
#6
Linus K Ndegwa, Gideon Emukule, Timothy M Uyeki, Eunice Mailu, Sandra S Chaves, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Bandika V Lewa, Francis K Muiruri, Peter Omoth, Barry Fields, Joshua A Mott
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the performance of the Becton Dickinson Veritor™ System Flu A + B rapid influenza diagnostic test (RIDT) to detect influenza viruses in respiratory specimens from patients enrolled at five surveillance sites in Kenya, a tropical country where influenza seasonality is variable. METHODS: Nasal swab (NS) and nasopharyngeal (NP)/oropharyngeal (OP) swabs were collected from patients with influenza like illness and/or severe acute respiratory infection...
January 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076311/biomarkers-of-acute-kidney-injury-the-pathway-from-discovery-to-clinical-adoption
#7
Kianoush Kashani, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Claudio Ronco
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of critical illnesses and has a significant impact on outcomes, including mortality and morbidities. Unfortunately, apart from prophylactic measures, no effective treatment for this syndrome is known. Therefore, early recognition of AKI not only can provide better opportunities for preventive interventions, but also opens many gates for research and development of effective therapeutic options. Over the last few years, several new AKI biomarkers have been discovered and validated to improve early detection, differential diagnosis, and differentiation of patients into risk groups for progressive renal failure, need for renal replacement therapy (RRT), or death...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073594/analysis-of-readmission-rates-to-the-intensive-care-unit-after-implementation-of-a-rapid-response-team-in-a-university-hospital
#8
R Bergamasco E Paula, M T Tanita, J Festti, L T Queiroz Cardoso, C M Carvalho Grion
OBJECTIVES: To compare readmission rates to the intensive care unit (ICU) before and after the implementation of a rapid response team (RRT), and to identify risk factors for readmission. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental before-after study was carried out. SETTING: A University Hospital. PATIENTS: All patients discharged from the ICU from January to December 2008 (control group) and from January 2010 to December 2012 (intervention group)...
January 7, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066607/risk-factors-and-outcome-of-primary-graft-dysfunction-after-lung-transplantation-in-korea
#9
Sungwoo Moon, Moo Suk Park, Jin Gu Lee, Ji Ye Jung, Young Ae Kang, Young Sam Kim, Se Kyu Kim, Joon Chang, Hyo Chae Paik, Song Yee Kim
BACKGROUND: Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is a severe, acute and post-transplantation lung injury associated with early morbidity and mortality. We aimed to identify clinical risk factors for PGD, as well as the outcome of PGD after lung transplantation in Korea. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed lung transplant patients in a South Korean Hospital. The primary outcome was grade 3 PGD, defined according to the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation criteria...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060212/urinary-mitochondrial-dna-levels-identify-acute-kidney-injury-in-surgical-critical-illness-patients
#10
Qiongyuan Hu, Jianan Ren, Jie Wu, Guanwei Li, Xiuwen Wu, Song Liu, Gefei Wang, Guosheng Gu, Huajian Ren, Zhiwu Hong, Jieshou Li
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed that mitochondrial injury and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage are associated with the initiation and progression of acute kidney injury (AKI). However, practical limitations of existing assays of mitochondrial function have limited our ability to study the link between mitochondrial dysfunction and renal injury. Therefore, we evaluated urinary mtDNA (UmtDNA) as a biomarker of AKI in critical illness patients. METHODS: DNA was isolated from urine samples in surgical intensive care unit (SICU) patients and quantified by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
January 4, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057870/restricted-mean-survival-time-over-15-years-for-patients-starting-renal-replacement-therapy
#11
Cécile Couchoud, Emmanuelle Dantony, Mad-Hélénie Elsensohn, Emmanuel Villar, Cécile Vigneau, Olivier Moranne, Muriel Rabilloud, René Ecochard
BACKGROUND: The restricted mean survival time (RMST) estimates life expectancy up to a given time horizon and can thus express the impact of a disease. The aim of this study was to estimate the 15-year RMST of a hypothetical cohort of incident patients starting renal replacement therapy (RRT), according to their age, gender and diabetes status, and to compare it with the expected RMST of the general population. METHODS: Using data from 67 258 adult patients in the French Renal Epidemiology and Information Network (REIN) registry, we estimated the RMST of a hypothetical patient cohort (and its subgroups) for the first 15 years after starting RRT (cRMST) and used the general population mortality tables to estimate the expected RMST (pRMST)...
January 5, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043673/renal-replacement-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-rate-of-use-clinical-predictors-and-relationship-with-in-hospital-mortality
#12
Giancarlo Marenzi, Nicola Cosentino, Andrea Marinetti, Antonio M Leone, Valentina Milazzo, Mara Rubino, Monica De Metrio, Angelo Cabiati, Jeness Campodonico, Marco Moltrasio, Silvio Bertoli, Milena Cecere, Susanna Mosca, Ivana Marana, Marco Grazi, Gianfranco Lauri, Alice Bonomi, Fabrizio Veglia, Antonio L Bartorelli
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the rate of use, clinical predictors, and in-hospital outcome of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. METHODS: All consecutive AMI patients admitted to the Coronary Care Unit between January 1st, 2005 and December 31st, 2015 were identified through a search of our prospectively collected clinical database. Patients were grouped according to whether they required RRT or not. RESULTS: Two-thousand-eight-hundred-thirty-nine AMI patients were included...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040331/therapeutic-plasma-exchange-in-rheumatic-diseases-a-university-hospital-experience
#13
Juan Pablo Córdoba, Carolina Larrarte, Cristina Estrada, Daniel G Fernández-Ávila
INTRODUCTION: Each day, evidence accumulates related to the use of therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) in patients with rheumatic diseases. San Ignacio University Hospital has recorded all of the TPE sessions performed by the institution's apheresis group. OBJECTIVE: To describe the TPE experience of patients with rheumatologic diseases in a hospital setting (?). METHODS: Descriptive, observational, retrospective analysis. This study included analyses of the TPE sessions that were performed in patients with rheumatic diseases from November 2009 to November 2013...
December 16, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034898/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-survival-of-children-with-esrd
#14
Elaine Ku, Charles E McCulloch, Barbara A Grimes, Kirsten L Johansen
Observational studies have reported that black and Hispanic adults receiving maintenance dialysis survive longer than non-Hispanic white counterparts. Whether there are racial disparities in survival of children with ESRD is not clear. We compared mortality risk among non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white children who started RRT between 1995 and 2011 and were followed through 2012. We examined all-cause mortality using adjusted Cox models. Of 12,123 children included for analysis, 1600 died during the median follow-up of 7...
December 29, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031344/lifetime-risk-of-renal-replacement-therapy-in-europe-a-population-based-study-using-data-from-the-era-edta-registry
#15
Jan A J G van den Brand, Maria Pippias, Vianda S Stel, Fergus J Caskey, Frederic Collart, Partik Finne, James Heaf, Jean-Philippe Jais, Reinhard Kramar, Ziad A Massy, Johan De Meester, Jamie P Traynor, Anna Varberg Reisæter, Jack F M Wetzels, Kitty J Jager
BACKGROUND: Upcoming KDIGO guidelines for the evaluation of living kidney donors are expected to move towards a personal risk-based evaluation of potential donors. We present the age and sex-specific lifetime risk of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease in 10 European countries. METHODS: We defined lifetime risk of RRT as the cumulative incidence of RRT up to age 90 years. We obtained RRT incidence rates per million population by 5-year age groups and sex using data from the European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA) Registry, and used these to estimate the cumulative incidence of RRT, adjusting for competing mortality risk...
December 28, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028051/predicting-5-year-risk-of-rrt-in-stage-3-or-4-ckd-development-and-external-validation
#16
Emily B Schroeder, Xiuhai Yang, Micah L Thorp, Brent M Arnold, David C Tabano, Amanda F Petrik, David H Smith, Robert W Platt, Eric S Johnson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Only a minority of patients with CKD progress to renal failure. Despite the potential benefits of risk stratification in the CKD population, risk prediction models are not routinely used. Our objective was to develop and externally validate a clinically useful and pragmatic prediction model for the 5-year risk of progression to RRT in stage 3 or 4 CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We used a retrospective cohort design...
January 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028049/predicting-risk-of-rrt-in-patients-with-ckd
#17
EDITORIAL
Morgan E Grams, Josef Coresh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025746/gender-specific-differences-in-baseline-peak-and-delta-serum-creatinine-the-nacseld-experience
#18
Jacqueline G O'Leary, Florence Wong, K Rajender Reddy, Guadalupe Garcia-Tsao, Patrick S Kamath, Scott W Biggins, Michael B Fallon, Ram M Subramanian, B Maliakkal, Leroy Thacker, Jasmohan S Bajaj
BACKGROUND: Women have lower serum creatinine values than men for similar renal function. AIMS: We aimed to determine the differential effect of baseline, peak, and delta creatinine between genders on outcomes in infected hospitalized cirrhotic patients. METHODS: North American Consortium for the Study of End-Stage Liver Disease is a 15-center consortium of tertiary care hepatology centers prospectively enrolling infected cirrhotic inpatients...
December 26, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018677/decreased-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-level-causes-interventricular-septal-hypertrophy-in-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis-cardiovascular-aspects-of-endogenous-vitamin-d-deficiency
#19
Bennur Esen, Irfan Sahin, Ahmet Engin Atay, Emel Saglam Gokmen, Ozlem Harmankaya Kaptanogullari, Mürvet Yılmaz, Suat Hayri Kucuk, Serdar Kahvecioglu, Nurhan Seyahi
Introduction. In the present study, we aimed to analyze the relation of vitamin D with echocardiographic indexes in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) receiving renal replacement therapy (RRT). Methods. A total of 98 patients, 64 patients on hemodialysis (HD) (29F/35M, mean age 56.75 ± 18.63 years) and 34 age matched patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) (21F/13M, mean age 58.11 ± 10.63 years), with similar duration of ESRD and RRT were enrolled into this cross-sectional study. Echocardiographic examination was performed after dialysis session at normovolemic status...
2016: International Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011614/dosing-guidance-for-intravenous-colistin-in-critically-ill-patients
#20
Roger L Nation, Samira M Garonzik, Visanu Thamlikitkul, Evangelos J Giamarellos-Bourboulis, Alan Forrest, David L Paterson, Jian Li, Fernanda P Silveira
BACKGROUND: Intravenous colistin is difficult to use because plasma concentrations for antibacterial effect overlap those causing nephrotoxicity, and there is large inter-patient variability in pharmacokinetics. The aim was to develop dosing algorithms for achievement of a clinically desirable average steady-state plasma colistin concentration (Css,avg) of 2mg/L. METHODS: Plasma concentration-time data from 214 adult critically-ill patients (creatinine clearance 0-236mL/min; 29 receiving renal replacement therapy (RRT)) were subjected to population pharmacokinetic analysis...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
keyword
keyword
12736
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"