keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

RRT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214758/comparative-analysis-of-viral-shedding-in-pediatric-and-adult-subjects-with-central-nervous-system-associated-enterovirus-infections-from-2013-to-2015-in-switzerland
#1
S Cordey, M Schibler, A G L'Huillier, N Wagner, A R Gonçalves, J Ambrosioni, S Asner, L Turin, K M Posfay-Barbe, L Kaiser
BACKGROUND: Several enterovirus (EV) genotypes can result in aseptic meningitis, but their routes of access to the central nervous system remain to be elucidated and may differ between the pediatric and adult populations. OBJECTIVE: To assess the pattern of viral shedding in pediatric and adult subjects with acute EV meningitis and to generate EV surveillance data for Switzerland. STUDY DESIGN: All pediatric and adult subjects admitted to the University Hospitals of Geneva with a diagnosis of EV meningitis between 2013 and 2015 were enrolled...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213931/successful-resumption-of-peritoneal-dialysis-following-living-donor-liver-transplantation-in-children-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#2
Hiroyuki Kanazawa, Akinari Fukuda, Mai Sato, Shingo Ishimori, Kengo Sasaki, Hajime Uchida, Takanobu Shigeta, Vidyadhar Padmakar Mali, Seisuke Sakamoto, Kenji Ishikura, Mureo Kasahara
Children with ESRD in need of RRT are commonly managed by PD due to difficulty with vascular access for HD and the relatively large extracorporeal blood volume required. Major abdominal surgery may result in injury to the peritoneum and consequent adhesion, thereby resulting in a reduction in the anatomical capacity and transport capability across the peritoneal membrane. Here, we report successful resumption of PD after LDLT in two pediatric patients. The causes of ESRD were PH1 and juvenile nephronophthisis, respectively...
February 18, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213382/pharmacist-involvement-on-a-rapid-response-team
#3
Joel Feih, William J Peppard, Michael Katz
PURPOSE: The effect of a pharmacist on a rapid response team (RRT) was investigated. METHODS: This study evaluated 234 patients before and 157 patients after pharmacist involvement on an RRT. The primary outcome was time to medication administration, with a goal turnaround time of less than 30 minutes. Secondary outcomes included most frequently used medications, readmissions to the intensive care unit (ICU) within 48 hours, number of rapid responses that resulted in ICU admission, length of hospital stay, and survival to hospital discharge...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212787/application-of-a-pattern-of-incremental-haemodialysis-based-on-residual-renal-function-when-starting-renal-replacement-therapy
#4
José L Merino, Patricia Domínguez, Blanca Bueno, Yésika Amézquita, Beatriz Espejo, Vicente Paraíso
INTRODUCTION: The interest in the preservation of residual kidney function on starting renal replacement therapy (RRT) is very common in techniques such as peritoneal dialysis but less so in haemodialysis (HD). In our centre the pattern of incremental dialysis (2 HD/week) has been an option for a group of patients. Here we share our experience with this regimen from March 2008. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included incident patients with residual diuresis >1,000ml/24h, clinical stability, absence of oedema, absence of hyperkalaemia >6...
January 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212688/incidence-and-survival-of-end-stage-kidney-disease-due-to-polycystic-kidney-disease-in-australia-and-new-zealand-1963-2014
#5
Mangalee R Fernando, Hannah Dent, Stephen P McDonald, Gopala K Rangan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether the incidence and survival of patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) due to polycystic kidney disease (PKD) has changed in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Data for all PKD patients who developed ESKD and commenced renal replacement therapy (RRT) was assessed using the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry from 1963 to 2014. RESULTS: A total 4678 patients with ESKD due to PKD received RRT during the study period...
February 17, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212617/surfactant-protein-d-sp-d-gene-polymorphisms-and-serum-level-as-predictors-of-susceptibility-and-prognosis-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-the-chinese-population
#6
Jiao Liu, Guang Li, Lianghai Li, Zhiyong Liu, Qingshan Zhou, Guirong Wang, Dechang Chen
BACKGROUND: Injury to the kidney epithelial barrier is a characteristic feature of acute kidney injury (AKI). Serum surfactant protein-D (SP-D), a known biomarker of damaged alveolar epithelium, is also secreted by renal tubular epithelial cells. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the possible association of SP-D with AKI susceptibility and prognosis. METHODS: In this study, 159 AKI patients and 120 healthy individuals were included. SP-D polymorphisms Thr11Met and Thr160Ala, AKI patient serum SP-D levels at days 1, 3 and 7 and urine KIM-1 levels in both AKI patients and controls were examined...
February 17, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211257/renal-replacement-therapy-in-critically-ill-liver-cirrhotic-patients-outcome-and-clinical-implications
#7
Katharina Staufer, Kevin Roedl, Danijel Kivaranovic, Andreas Drolz, Thomas Horvatits, Susanne Rasoul-Rockenschaub, Christian Zauner, Michael Trauner, Valentin Fuhrmann
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Current guidelines discourage renal replacement therapy (RRT) in critically ill cirrhotics in the lack of liver transplant (LT) options. This study aimed to identify patients who benefit from RRT in the short and long-term. METHODS: Critically ill cirrhotics were included over a time period of 6 years (y) and followed for at least 1y. CLIF-C ACLF, CLIF-SOFA, SOFA and MELD scores on admission, 24h prior to RRT, 24h and 48h after start of RRT were analyzed for their predictive value of ICU-mortality...
February 16, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207287/thiamine-as-a-renal-protective-agent-in-septic-shock-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#8
Ari Moskowitz, Lars W Andersen, Michael N Cocchi, Mathias Karlsson, Parth V Patel, Michael W Donnino
RATIONALE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in patients with sepsis and has been associated with high mortality rates. The provision of thiamine to septic patients may reduce the incidence and severity of sepsis-related AKI and thereby prevent renal failure requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT). OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that thiamine supplementation mitigates kidney injury in septic shock. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a single-center, randomized, double-blind trial comparing thiamine to placebo in patients with septic shock...
February 16, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197271/low-density-lipoprotein-and-non-newtonian-oscillating-flow-biomechanical-parameters-for-normal-human-aorta
#9
Johannes V Soulis, Dimitrios K Fytanidis, Olga P Lampri, George D Giannoglou
BACKGROUND: The temporal variation of the hemodynamic mechanical parameters during cardiac pulse wave is considered as an important atherogenic factor. Applying non-Newtonian blood molecular viscosity simulation is crucial for hemodynamic analysis. Understanding low density lipoprotein (LDL) distribution in relation to flow parameters will possibly spot the prone to atherosclerosis aorta regions. METHODS: The biomechanical parameters tested were averaged wall shear stress (AWSS), oscillatory shear index (OSI) and relative residence time (RRT) in relation to the LDL concentration...
April 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196670/fluid-balance-and-chloride-load-in-the-first-24h-of-icu-admission-and-its-relation-with-renal-replacement-therapies-through-a-multicentre-retrospective-case-control-study-paired-by-apache-ii
#10
A González-Castro, M Ortiz-Lasa, O Leizaola, E Salgado, T Irriguible, M Sánchez-Satorra, C Lomas-Fernández, P Barral-Segade, M Cordero-Vallejo, E Rodrigo-Calabia, T Dierssen-Sotos
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between water balance during the first 24h of admission to ICU and the variables related to chloride levels (chloride loading, type of fluid administered, hyperchloraemia), with the development of acute kidney injury renal replacement therapy (AKI-RRT) during patients' admission to ICU. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Multicentre case-control study. Hospital-based, national, carried out in 6 ICUs. Cases were patients older than 18 years who developed an AKI-RRT...
February 10, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191534/the-relation-of-anthropometric-measurements-and-insulin-resistance-in-patients-with-polycystic-kidney-disease
#11
Bennur Esen, Emel Sağlam Gokmen, Mahmut Kaya, Burak Ozkan, Ahmet Engin Atay
OBJECTIVE: To examine the frequency of insulin resistance (IR) and its relation with anthropometric measurements in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nonobese 82 patients with ADPKD and 58 age matched healthy controls were enrolled into the study. None of participants were diabetic or receiving renal replacement therapies (RRT). IR was determined by homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) formula...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191331/development-of-dual-taqman-based-one-step-rrt-pcr-assay-panel-for-rapid-and-accurate-diagnostic-test-of-mers-cov-a-novel-human-coronavirus-ahead-of-hajj-pilgrimage
#12
Mohammad Sadegh Hashemzadeh, Rahimeh Rasouli, Bentolhoda Zahraei, Morteza Izadi, Mahdi Tat, Seyed Hassan Saadat, Mohammad Najarasl, Behzad Khansari Nejad, Ruhollah Dorostkar
BACKGROUND: Coronaviruses (CoVs) are large ribonucleic acid (RNA) viruses causing primarily respiratory disease in humans. A novel human coronavirus, subsequently named middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), was first reported in Saudi Arabia in September of 2012. With increasing numbers of infections and deaths from MERS-CoV, development of a rapid and reliable kit was crucial to prevent further spread of MERS-CoV. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we present two real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) assays for in-house rapid and sensitive diagnostic testing of MERS-CoV, detecting the regions upstream of the envelope gene (upE) and open reading frame (ORF) 1b, respectively, for initial screening and final confirmation of MERS-CoV infection, as recommended by the world health organization (WHO)...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187786/low-renal-replacement-therapy-incidence-among-slowly-progressing-elderly-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-referred-to-nephrology-care-an-observational-study
#13
Ulrika Hahn Lundström, Alessandro Gasparini, Rino Bellocco, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Juan-Jesus Carrero, Marie Evans
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a high risk of death before reaching end-stage kidney disease. In order to allocate resources, such as advanced care nephrology where it is most needed, it is essential to know which patients have the highest absolute risk of advancing to renal replacement therapy (RRT). METHODS: We included all nephrology-referred CKD stage 3b-5 patients in Sweden 2005-2011 included in the Swedish renal registry (SRR-CKD) who had at least two serum creatinine measurements one year apart (+/- 6 months)...
February 10, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178160/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support-in-post-traumatic-cardiopulmonary-failure-a-10-year-single-institutional-experience
#14
Chun-Yu Lin, Feng-Chun Tsai, Hsiu-An Lee, Yuan-His Tseng
Patients with multiple traumas associated with cardiopulmonary failure have a high mortality rate; however, such patients can be temporarily stabilized using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), providing a bridge to rescue therapy. Using a retrospective study design, we aimed to clarify the prognostic factors of post-traumatic ECMO support.From March 2006 to July 2016, 43 adult patients (mean age, 37.3 ± 15.2 years; 7 females [16.3%]) underwent ECMO because of post-traumatic cardiopulmonary failure...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177195/high-incidence-of-zika-virus-infection-detected-in-plasma-and-cervical-cytology-specimens-from-pregnant-women-in-guayaquil-ecuador
#15
Hector Zambrano, Jesse Waggoner, Karina León, Benjamin Pinsky, Ketty Vera, Marissa Schettino, Lisette Rivera, José Landivar, María Granda, Angela Lee, Gil Mor
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection during pregnancy has been linked to severe birth defects, and the epidemiologic situation of the ZIKV epidemic in Ecuador is poorly understood. Guayaquil, Ecuador, has a tropical climate and experiences frequent outbreaks of dengue and chikungunya virus, and in December 2015, ZIKV was identified. Given the well-documented effects of ZIKV in pregnancy, including microcephaly, we tested for the presence of ZIKV in both plasma and cervical cytology of pregnant women. We report the identification of a population of pregnant women with a high incidence of ZIKV infection detected in the plasma and lower reproductive tract...
February 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174318/integrating-quality-improvement-education-into-the-nephrology-curricular-milestones-framework-and-the-clinical-learning-environment-review
#16
Lisa K Prince, Dustin J Little, Katherine I Schexneider, Christina M Yuan
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires that trainees show progressive milestone attainment in the practice-based learning and systems-based practice competencies. As part of the Clinical Learning Environment Review, sponsoring hospitals must educate trainees in health care quality improvement, provide them with specialty-specific quality data, and ensure trainee participation in quality improvement activities and committees. Subspecialty-specific quality improvement curricula in nephrology training programs have not been reported, although considerable curricular and assessment material exists for specialty residencies, including tools for assessing trainee and faculty competence...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169437/a-new-real-time-rt-pcr-targeting-vp4-vp2-to-detect-and-quantify-enterovirus-d68-in-respiratory-samples
#17
Léna Royston, Johan Geiser, Laurence Josset, Isabelle Schuffenecker, Caroline Tapparel
Causing an international outbreak of respiratory disease, Enterovirus D68 quickly entered the closed circle of emerging viral pathogens of public health significance. As rapid and accurate detection of EV-D68 is essential for an efficient clinical management, we designed and validated a new highly efficient one-step quantitative rRT-PCR specific to EV-D68 VP4-VP2 region. With 100% specificity and 95.6% sensitivity to all EV-D68 strains, this new assay can be reliably used to detect and quantify EV-D68 in respiratory samples and represents an interesting additional tool for diagnosis as it targets an original region of the genome...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164673/nuclear-respiratory-factor-1-nrf-1-gene-expression-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-and-mitochondrial-oxidative-dysregulation
#18
Doaa Hashad, Iman Elgohry, Fatma Dwedar
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by progressive irreversible deterioration of renal functions. Advanced stages of CKD are associated with oxidative stress due to the imbalance between oxidant production and antioxidant defense mechanisms. Survival of patients with end stage renal diseases is maintained on variable forms of renal replacement therapies (RRT) which include peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, and sometimes renal transplantation. In humans, Nuclear Respiratory Factor 1 (NRF-1) gene encodes for a transcription factor that, together with the transcriptional co-activator encoded by Peroxisome Proliferator activated Receptor Gamma coactivator 1 Alpha (PGC1-a) gene, stimulates the expression of a broad set of nuclear genes (as COX6C) which are involved in mitochondrial biogenesis and functions...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164512/critical-deviations-of-ionized-calcium-measurements-when-using-blood-gas-analyzers-to-monitor-citrate-dialysis
#19
Thorsten Feldkamp, Norbert Weiler, Michael Marx, Peter B Luppa, Ralf Junker
BACKGROUND: During the course of acute kidney injury (AKI) patients may require renal replacement therapy (RRT). The preferred therapeutic measure for such patients is continuous RRT (CRRT). Anticoagulation is required to prevent clotting of the extracorporeal circuit. The actual KDIGO guidelines recommend citrate as the first line anticoagulant. METHODS: Citrate dose infused into the extracorporeal circuit should achieve an extracorporeal calcium concentration of 0...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161264/ten-years-trends-in-renal-replacement-therapy-for-end-stage-renal-disease-in-mainland-france-lessons-from-the-french-renal-epidemiology-and-information-network-rein-registry
#20
Cécile Vigneau, Anne Kolko, Bénédicte Stengel, Christian Jacquelinet, Paul Landais, Philippe Rieu, Sahar Bayat, Cécile Couchoud
BACKGROUND: The incidence rate of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is decreasing in several countries, but not in France. We studied the RRT trends in mainland France from 2005 to 2014 to understand the reasons for this discrepancy and determine the effects of ESRD management changes. METHODS: Data were extracted from the French Renal Epidemiology and Information Network registry. Time trends of RRT incidence and prevalence rates, patients' clinical and treatment characteristics were analysed using the Joinpoint regression program and annual percentage changes...
February 1, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
keyword
keyword
12736
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"