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Applied behavior analysys, behavior analysys

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221501/lean-methodology-reduces-inappropriate-use-of-antipsychotics-for-agitation-at-a-psychiatric-hospital
#1
Joshana K Goga, Antonio Depaolo, Sunil Khushalani, J Ken Walters, Robert Roca, Marc Zisselman, Christopher Borleis
OBJECTIVE: To Evaluate the Effects of Applying Lean Methodology-Improving Quality Increasing Efficiency by Eliminating Waste and Reducing Costs-An Approach To Decrease the Prescribing Frequency of Antipsychotics for The Indication of Agitation. DESIGN: Historically Controlled Study. SETTING: Bheppard Pratt Health System is the Largest Private Provider of Psychiatric Care in Maryland With a Total Bed Capacity of 300. There Were 4 337 Patient Days From November 1 2012 to October 31 2013 on the Dementia Unit...
January 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220710/life-satisfaction-and-its-associated-factors-among-money-boys-in-china
#2
A Zhang, J Yan, G Yang, X Tan, X Wang, S Tan
OBJECTIVES: Money Boy (MB) is a unique term used in China referring to a specialized population of men who sell sex to other men. Life satisfaction can influence one's health-related behaviors. The aim of our study was to find out the situation of MBs' life satisfaction and its associated factors. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study among MBs was conducted between July and December 2013 in Hunan province, China. METHODS: Respondent-driven sampling method was used for recruitment, with the initial seven 'seeds' found from a gay dating website, and 234 participants were enrolled into the study...
December 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219858/the-precision-of-ecap-thresholds-derived-from-amplitude-growth-functions
#3
Jan Dirk Biesheuvel, Jeroen J Briaire, Johan H M Frijns
OBJECTIVE: An amplitude growth function (AGF) shows the amplitude of an electrically evoked compound action potential (eCAP) as a function of the stimulation current. AGFs can be used to derive the eCAP threshold, which represents the minimum amount of current needed to elicit a measurable eCAP. eCAP thresholds have been widely used clinically to, for example, assist with sound processor programming. However, no eCAP precision has been included to date. The aim of this study was to investigate the precision of eCAP thresholds and determine whether they are precise enough for clinical use...
December 6, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218826/poly-lactic-acid-composites-based-on-graphene-oxide-particles-with-antibacterial-behavior-enhanced-by-electrical-stimulus-and-biocompatibility
#4
P Arriagada, H Palza, P Palma, M Flores, P Caviedes
Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) is a biodegradable and biocompatible polyester widely used in biomedical applications. Unfortunately, this biomaterial suffers from some shortcomings related with the absence of both bioactivity and antibacterial capacity. In this work, composites of PLA with either graphene oxide (GO) or thermally reduced graphene oxide (TrGO) were prepared by melt mixing to overcome these limitations. PLA composites with both GO and TrGO inhibited the attachment and proliferation of E. coli and S. aureus bacteria depending on the kind and amount of filler...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218585/analyzing-the-kinematics-of-hand-movements-in-catching-tasks-an-online-correction-analysis-of-movement-toward-the-target-s-trajectory
#5
Lena Slupinski, Marc H E de Lussanet, Heiko Wagner
Free, 3-D interceptive movements are difficult to visualize and quantify. For ball catching, the endpoint of a movement can be anywhere along the target's trajectory. Furthermore, the hand may already have begun to move before the subject has estimated the target's trajectory, and the subject may alter the targeted position during the initial part of the movement. We introduce a method to deal with these difficulties and to quantify three movement phases involved in catching: the initial, non-goal-directed phase; the goal-directed phase, which is smoothly directed toward the target's trajectory; and the final, interception phase...
December 7, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215571/application-of-the-superelastic-niti-spring-in-ankle-foot-orthosis-afo-to-create-normal-ankle-joint-behavior
#6
Amirhesam Amerinatanzi, Hashem Zamanian, Narges Shayesteh Moghaddam, Ahmadreza Jahadakbar, Mohammad Elahinia
Hinge-based Ankle Foot Orthosis (HAFO) is one of the most common non-surgical solutions for the foot drop. In conventional HAFOs, the ankle joint is almost locked, and plantar flexion is restricted due to the high stiffness of the hinge mechanism. This often leads to a rigid walking gate cycle, poor muscle activity, and muscle atrophy. Since the ankle torque-angle loop has a non-linear profile, the use of a superelastic NiTi spring within the hinge, due to its nonlinear behavior, could recreate a close-to-normal stiffness of the normal ankle joint, which, in turn, could create a more natural walk...
December 7, 2017: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214983/insight-on-agglomerates-of-gold-nanoparticles-in-glass-based-on-surface-plasmon-resonance-spectrum-study-by-multi-spheres-t%C3%A2-matrix-method
#7
Leon Avakyan, Maximilian Heinz, Anna Skidanenko, Kirill A Yablunovskiy, Jürgen Ihlemann, Jörg Meinertz, Christian Patzig, Manfred Dubiel, Lusegen Bugaev
Formation of localized surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectrum of the randomly distributed gold nanoparticles in the surface layer of silicate float glass, generated and implanted by UV ArF-excimer laser irradiation of thin gold layer sputter coated on the glass surface, was studied by the T-matrix method, which enables taking into account particles agglomerates. The used experimental technique is promising to produce submicron patterns of plasmonic nanoparticles (given by laser masks or gratings) without damaging of the glass surface...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214815/using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-to-guide-focus-group-development-of-messages-aimed-at-increasing-compliance-with-a-tobacco-free-policy
#8
Rachael A Record, Nancy G Harrington, Donald W Helme, Matthew W Savage
PURPOSE: This study details the persuasive message development for a theory-based campaign designed to increase compliance with a university's tobacco-free policy. APPROACH: The theory of planned behavior (TPB) guided message design and evaluation for focus group-tested messages that were adapted to the context of complying with a tobacco-free policy. SETTING: The study was conducted at a university located in the tobacco belt. PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduate focus group participants (n = 65) were mostly male (69%), white (82%), and freshman (62%) who smoked at least 1 cigarette in the last 30 days; on-campus smoking percentages were never/rare (60%), occasionally (23%), and often/frequently (16%)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214139/the-effects-of-advance-notice-on-problem-behavior-occasioned-by-interruptions-of-an-ongoing-activity-in-a-young-girl-with-autism
#9
Stephanie Vasquez, Adam Brewer, Yanerys Leon, Janet Vasquez
The current study describes a trial-based functional analysis of problem behavior conducted in a home setting for a 7-year-old girl with autism. Problem behavior was occasioned by interruptions to an ongoing activity. Advance notice, in the form of a 2-min warning, and the sound of a timer were used to signal termination of a current activity and were effective at reducing problem behavior along with increasing compliance to the interruptive demands. A trial-based functional analysis, which are not common in the applied literature, was conducted in a home setting for young girl with autism, using antecedent and consequence modifications described by Hagopian, Bruzek, Bowman, and Jennett (2007), identified the variables that occasioned and maintained problem behavior were interruptions to an ongoing activity followed by regaining uninterrupted access to the previous activity...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214134/a-response-to-papatola-and-lustig-s-paper-on-navigating-a-managed-care-peer-review-guidance-for-clinicians-using-applied-behavior-analysis-in-the-treatment-of-children-on-the-autism-spectrum
#10
Julie Kornack, Brandon Herscovitch, Ashley L Williams
In their 2016 article, "Navigating a Managed Care Peer Review: Guidance for Clinicians Using Applied Behavior Analysis [ABA] in the Treatment of Children on the Autism Spectrum," Papatola and Lustig provide an overview of the managed care process, discuss the medical necessity of ABA, and offer guidance to clinicians on how to navigate the managed care peer review process. Given that the authors are employed by a large international health insurance carrier and conduct peer reviews on behalf of that organization, this response seeks to provide guidance from both the clinical and public policy perspectives that reflect best practices in the field of autism treatment...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211999/a-simple-and-powerful-analysis-of-lateral-subdiffusion-using-single-particle-tracking
#11
Marianne Renner, Lili Wang, Sabine Levi, Laetitia Hennekinne, Antoine Triller
In biological membranes, many factors such as cytoskeleton, lipid composition, crowding, and molecular interactions deviate lateral diffusion from the expected random walks. These factors have different effects on diffusion but act simultaneously, so the observed diffusion is a complex mixture of diffusive behaviors (directed, Brownian, anomalous, or confined). Therefore, commonly used approaches to quantify diffusion based on averaging of the displacements such as the mean square displacement, are not adapted to the analysis of this heterogeneity...
December 5, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210985/fatigue-damage-evaluation-of-short-carbon-fiber-reinforced-plastics-based-on-phase-information-of-thermoelastic-temperature-change
#12
Daiki Shiozawa, Takahide Sakagami, Yu Nakamura, Shinichi Nonaka, Kenichi Hamada
Carbon fiber-reinforced plastic (CFRP) is widely used for structural members of transportation vehicles such as automobile, aircraft, or spacecraft, utilizing its excellent specific strength and specific rigidity in contrast with the metal. Short carbon fiber composite materials are receiving a lot of attentions because of their excellent moldability and productivity, however they show complicated behaviors in fatigue fracture due to the random fibers orientation. In this study, thermoelastic stress analysis (TSA) using an infrared thermography was applied to evaluate fatigue damage in short carbon fiber composites...
December 6, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208350/efficient-differentiation-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-into-endothelial-cells-in%C3%A2-vitro
#13
Chengen Wang, Yuan Li, Min Yang, Yinghua Zou, Huihui Liu, Zeyin Liang, Yue Yin, Guochen Niu, Ziguang Yan, Bihui Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Endothelial cells (ECs) play an important role in neovascularisation, but are too limited in number for adequate therapeutic applications. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the potential to differentiate into endothelial lineage cells, which makes them attractive candidates for therapeutic angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate efficient differentiation of MSCs into ECs by inducing medium in vitro. METHODS: MSCs were isolated from bone marrow by density gradient centrifugation...
December 2, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207544/how-does-health-related-advertising-with-a-regulatory-focus-and-goal-framing-affect-attitudes-toward-ads-and-healthy-behavior-intentions
#14
Chia-Yen Lin, Wei-Ju Yeh
The health costs of colorectal cancer have increased over the years in Taiwan. The National Health Insurance Administration (NHI) and the Health Promotion Administration of the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW) in Taiwan advocate that people have to change their unhealthy behaviors; however, the number of patients of colorectal cancer is increasing annually. This research discussed the effects of healthy diet advocacy advertisements (ads) on healthy diet behavior intentions as influenced by the interactions between regulatory focus theory (RFT) and message framing effects...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204798/predicting-risk-decisions-in-a-modified-balloon-analogue-risk-task-conventional-and-single-trial-erp-analyses
#15
Ruolei Gu, Dandan Zhang, Yi Luo, Hongyan Wang, Lucas S Broster
Event-related potential (ERP) has the potential to reveal the temporal neurophysiological dynamics of risk decision-making, but this potential has not been fully explored in previous studies. When predicting risk decision with ERPs, most studies focus on between-trial analysis that reflects feedback learning, while within-trial analysis that could directly link option assessment with behavioral output has been largely ignored. Suitable task design is crucial for applying within-trial prediction. In this study, we used a modified version of the classic Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART)...
December 4, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203017/driver-behavior-analysis-for-right-turn-drivers-at-signalized-intersections-using-shrp-2-naturalistic-driving-study-data
#16
Jianqing Wu, Hao Xu
INTRODUCTION: Understanding driver behavior is important for traffic safety and operation, especially at intersections where different traffic movements conflict. While most driver-behavior studies are based on simulation, this paper documents the analysis of driver-behavior at signalized intersections with the SHRP 2 Naturalistic Driving Study (NDS) data. This study analyzes the different influencing factors on the operation (speed control) and observation of right-turn drivers. METHOD: A total of 300 NDS trips at six signalized intersections were used, including the NDS time-series sensor data, the forward videos and driver face videos...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201187/shuyu-capsules-relieve-liver-qi-depression-by-regulating-erk-creb-bdnf-signal-pathway-in-central-nervous-system-of-rat
#17
Hongyan Wang, Yingquan Zhang, Helou Li, Wei Zeng, Mingqi Qiao
The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible therapeutic mechanism of Shuyu capsules in liver-qi depression. Liver-qi depression rats were prepared based on chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) and delayed constraint. Rats were gavaged with Shuyu capsule, fluoxetine, Radix Bupleuri and Radix Paeoniae Alba to constrct rat models. Body weight test, sucrose preference test and open-field test were applied to test rat models. Western blot analysis and quantitative real-time PCR was applied to determine the relative expression of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK), cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in hippocampus and frontal lobe tissues...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200845/solid-lipid-nanoparticles-for-thermoresponsive-targeting-evidence-from-spectrophotometry-electrochemical-and-cytotoxicity-studies
#18
Mubashar Rehman, Ayesha Ihsan, Asadullah Madni, Sadia Zafar Bajwa, Di Shi, Thomas J Webster, Waheed S Khan
Thermoresponsive drug delivery systems are designed for the controlled and targeted release of therapeutic payload. These systems exploit hyperthermic temperatures (>39°C), which may be applied by some external means or due to an encountered symptom in inflammatory diseases such as cancer and arthritis. The objective of this paper was to provide some solid evidence in support of the hypothesis that solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) can be used for thermoresponsive targeting by undergoing solid-liquid phase transition at their melting point (MP)...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200315/psychosocial-working-conditions-as-determinants-of-asthma-self-management-at-work-a-systematic-review
#19
Katherina Heinrichs, Peter Angerer, Adrian Loerbroks
OBJECTIVE: Asthma exerts a considerable impact on patients and their employers. While adequate self-management is able to improve patients' prognosis, its actual implementation in everyday life may depend on contextual factors. We aimed to review the literature on the potential determinants of asthma self-management at the workplace. DATA SOURCES: We systematically searched Medline and PsycINFO using terms related to the key concepts of interest (i.e., adult asthma, working conditions, and self-management)...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200047/analysis-of-health-behavior-theories-for-clustering-of-health-behaviors
#20
Seung Hee Choi, Sonia A Duffy
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this article was to review the utility of established behavior theories, including the Health Belief Model, Theory of Reasoned Action, Theory of Planned Behavior, Transtheoretical Model, and Health Promotion Model, for addressing multiple health behaviors among people who smoke. It is critical to design future interventions for multiple health behavior changes tailored to individuals who currently smoke, yet it has not been addressed. METHODS: Five health behavior theories/models were analyzed and critically evaluated...
October 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
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