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Qiong Wu, Huan Zhang, Jia-Rong Ding, Zhan-Ying Hong, Hao Wu, Zhen-Yu Zhu, Zhi-Yong Guo, Yi-Feng Chai
As one of the most troublesome complications in patients with chronic renal disease, the etiology of uremic pruritus remains unknown, and the current therapeutic approaches are limited and unsatisfactory. To identify potential biomarkers for improving diagnosis and treatment and obtain a better understanding of the pathogenesis of uremic pruritus, we compared serum metabolome profiles of severe uremic pruritus (HUP) patients with mild uremic pruritus (LUP) patients using ultraperformance liquid chromatography-quadruple time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF MS)...
2018: BioMed Research International
Jakob Vowinckel, Aleksej Zelezniak, Roland Bruderer, Michael Mülleder, Lukas Reiter, Markus Ralser
Quantitative proteomics is key for basic research, but needs improvements to satisfy an increasing demand for large sample series in diagnostics, academia and industry. A switch from nanoflowrate to microflowrate chromatography can improve throughput and reduce costs. However, concerns about undersampling and coverage have so far hampered its broad application. We used a QTOF mass spectrometer of the penultimate generation (TripleTOF5600), converted a nanoLC system into a microflow platform, and adapted a SWATH regime for large sample series by implementing retention time- and batch correction strategies...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Nagamalai Vasimalai, Vânia Vilas-Boas, Juan Gallo, María de Fátima Cerqueira, Mario Menéndez-Miranda, José Manuel Costa-Fernández, Lorena Diéguez, Begoña Espiña, María Teresa Fernández-Argüelles
Carbon dots have demonstrated great potential as luminescent nanoparticles in bioapplications. Although such nanoparticles appear to exhibit low toxicity compared to other metal luminescent nanomaterials, today we know that the toxicity of carbon dots (C-dots) strongly depends on the protocol of fabrication. In this work, aqueous fluorescent C-dots have been synthesized from cinnamon, red chilli, turmeric and black pepper, by a one-pot green hydrothermal method. The synthesized C-dots were firstly characterized by means of UV-vis, fluorescence, Fourier transform infrared and Raman spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Andrea Piazzoli, Florian Breider, Caroline Gachet Aquillon, Manuela Antonelli, Urs von Gunten
N-nitrosamines are a group of potent human carcinogens that can be formed during oxidative treatment of drinking water and wastewater. Many tertiary and quaternary amines present in consumer products (e.g., pharmaceuticals, personal care and household products) are known to be N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) precursors during chloramination, but the formation of other N-nitrosamines has been rarely studied. This study investigates the specific and total N-nitrosamine (TONO) formation potential (FP) of various precursors from nitrogen-containing micropollutants (chlorhexidine, metformin, benzalkonium chloride and cetyltrimethylammonium chloride) and tertiary and quaternary model amines (trimethyl amine, N,N-dimethylbutyl amine, N,N-dimethylbenzyl amine and tetramethyl ammonium)...
February 10, 2018: Water Research
Lianzhu Lin, Qingyun Yang, Kun Zhao, Mouming Zhao
Adlay bran free phenolic extract has been previously demonstrated to possess potent xanthine oxidase (XOD) inhibitory activity. The aims of this study were to characterize the free phenolic profile of adlay bran and investigate the structure-activity relationship, underlying mechanism and interaction of phenolic acids as XOD inhibitors. A total of twenty phenolics including ten phenolic acids, two coumarins, two phenolic aldedhyes and six flavonoids were identified in a phenolic compound-guided separation by UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS...
July 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
S Sarshar, J Sendker, X Qin, F M Goycoolea, M R Asadi Karam, M Habibi, S Bouzari, U Dobrindt, A Hensel
Fruits from Apium graveolens (Celery) are used traditionally in Persian and European medicine for the treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections. No data are available on A. graveolens extract on the interplay between uropathogenic E. coli and the eukaryotic host cells and on quorum sensing of the bacteria. The present study aimed to characterize an antiadhesive and anti quorum sensing effect of a characterized A. graveolens extract by specific in vitro assays and to correlate these effects with in vivo data obtained by an animal infection model...
February 26, 2018: Fitoterapia
Kashif Maqbool Khan, Lutfun Nahar, Abdul Mannan, Muhammad Arfan, Ghazanfar Ali Khan, Afaf Al-Groshi, Andrew Evans, Nicola M Dempster, Fyaz M D Ismail, Satyajit D Sarker
Background: Asparagus adscendens Roxb. (Asparagaceae), is native to the Himalayas. This plant has been used in the prevention and effective treatment of various forms of cancers. Objective: This paper reports, for the first time, on the cytotoxicity of the methanol (MeOH) extract of the roots of A. adscendens and its solid-phase extraction (SPE) fractions against four human carcinoma cell lines and LC-ESI-QTOF-MS analysis of the SPE fractions. Materials and Methods: Finely powdered roots of A...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Xuehui Liu, Rongrong Zhou, Bingbing Shen, Lin Chen, Qingyijun Zhou, Dan Wan, Shuihan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Lonicera macranthoides is a Chinese herb that contains a large number of bioactive spanions possessing important pharmacological activities, such as anti-tumour activity. However, detailed information about their anti-tumor activity and bioactive compounds is limited. METHODS: In order to evaluate the scientific basis, the method of high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) combined with high performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-QTOF/MS) has been developed to separate, purify and analyze saponins from Lonicera macranthoides...
February 26, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Sailendra Nath Sarma, Ammar Saleem, Jin-Yong Lee, Maki Tokumoto, Gi-Wook Hwang, Hing Man Chan, Masahiko Satoh
Cadmium (Cd) is a common environmental pollutant with known toxic effects on the kidney. Urinary metabolomics is a promising approach to study mechanism by which Cd-induced nephrotoxicity. The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of Cd toxicity and to develop specific biomarkers by identifying urinary metabolic changes after a long-term of Cd exposure and with the critical concentration of Cd in the kidney. Urine samples were collected from wild-type 129/Sv mice after 67 weeks of 300 ppm Cd exposure and analyzed by ultra performance liquid chromatography connected with quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometer (UPLC-QTOF-MS) based metabolomics approach...
2018: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Haoran Xing, Varoujan A Yaylayan
Although chemical reactions driven by mechanical force is emerging as a promising tool in the field of physical sciences, its applications in the area of food sciences are not reported. In this paper, we propose ball milling as an efficient tool for the controlled generation of fructooligosaccharide (FOS) mixtures from inulin with a degree of polymerization (dp) ranging between 4 and 7. The addition of catalytic amounts of AlCl3 together with ball milling (30 min, at 30 Hz) generated mixtures rich in dehydrated disaccharides such as di-D-fructose dianhydrides...
February 19, 2018: Carbohydrate Research
A Santos, F J Giráldez, E Trevisi, L Lucini, J Frutos, S Andrés
The increasing world population is driving demand for improved efficiency of feed resources of livestock. However, the molecular mechanisms behind various feed efficiency traits and their regulation by nutrition remain poorly understood. Here we aimed to identify differentially expressed (DE) genes in the liver tissues of fattening Merino lambs and differences in metabolites accumulated in plasma to identify modified metabolic pathways as a consequence of milk restriction during the suckling period. Twenty-four male Merino lambs (4...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Andreas Holzinger, Andreas Albert, Siegfried Aigner, Jenny Uhl, Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Kateřina Trumhová, Martina Pichrtová
Species of Zygnema form macroscopically visible mats in polar and temperate terrestrial habitats, where they are exposed to environmental stresses. Three previously characterized isolates (Arctic Zygnema sp. B, Antarctic Zygnema sp. C, and temperate Zygnema sp. S) were tested for their tolerance to experimental UV radiation. Samples of young vegetative cells (1 month old) and pre-akinetes (6 months old) were exposed to photosynthetically active radiation (PAR, 400-700 nm, 400 μmol photons m-2  s-1 ) in combination with experimental UV-A (315-400 nm, 5...
February 22, 2018: Protoplasma
Naser F Al-Tannak
Perindopril arginine and Indapamide hemihydrate in combination were proven to have a synergistic antihypertensive impact when compared with the use of each component alone. Therefore, a new Ultra-High Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled with Ultraviolet detector (UHPLC-UV) method has been developed and subsequently validated for simultaneous determination of the anti-hypertensive combination of Perindopril arginine and Indapamide hemihydrate. The separation of Perindopril arginine and Indapamide hemihydrate was achieved using a BEH C18 (1...
February 22, 2018: Scientia Pharmaceutica
Gabriele Rocchetti, Marco Pellizzoni, Domenico Montesano, Luigi Lucini
Natural by-products, especially phenolic compounds, are in great demand by the nutra-pharmaceutical and biomedical industries. An analytical study was performed to investigate, for the first time, the presence of antioxidant constituents and the corresponding in vitro antioxidant activity in the extract of cladodes from Ficodindia di San Cono ( Opuntia ficus-indica ) protected designation of origin (PDO). The cladode extracts were analysed for target determination of selected constituents, i.e. β-polysaccharides and total phenolic content...
February 18, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Jingyuan Xu, Yilan Yu, Ruoyun Shi, Guoyong Xie, Yan Zhu, Gang Wu, Minjian Qin
Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine mainly containing flavonoids that contribute to its bioactivities. In this study, the distributions and dynamic changes of flavonoid levels in various organs of S. baicalensis at different development stages were investigated by UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS and HPLC-DAD methods. The results indicated that the metabolic profiles of S. baicalensis changed with growth and development. During the initial germination stage, the seeds mainly contained flavonols...
February 15, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Karlien L M Coene, Leo A J Kluijtmans, Ed van der Heeft, Udo F H Engelke, Siebolt de Boer, Brechtje Hoegen, Hanneke J T Kwast, Maartje van de Vorst, Marleen C D G Huigen, Irene M L W Keularts, Michiel F Schreuder, Clara D M van Karnebeek, Saskia B Wortmann, Maaike C de Vries, Mirian C H Janssen, Christian Gilissen, Jasper Engel, Ron A Wevers
The implementation of whole-exome sequencing in clinical diagnostics has generated a need for functional evaluation of genetic variants. In the field of inborn errors of metabolism (IEM), a diverse spectrum of targeted biochemical assays is employed to analyze a limited amount of metabolites. We now present a single-platform, high-resolution liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight (LC-QTOF) method that can be applied for holistic metabolic profiling in plasma of individual IEM-suspected patients. This method, which we termed "next-generation metabolic screening" (NGMS), can detect >10,000 features in each sample...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Sebastian Gericke, Tilo Lübken, Diana Wolf, Martin Kaiser, Christian Hannig, Karl Speer
Parts of Salvia species such as its flowers and leaves are currently used as a culinary herb and for some medicinal applications. To distinguish the different sage extracts it is necessary to analyze their individual chemical compositions. Their characteristic compounds might be established as markers to differentiate between sage flowers and leaf extracts or to determine the manufacturing technology and storage conditions. Tri-p-coumaroylspermidine can be detected only in flowers and has been described here for Salvia and Lavandula species for the first time...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Andrei Mocan, Cadmiel Moldovan, Gökhan Zengin, Onur Bender, Marcello Locatelli, Mario Simirgiotis, Arzu Atalay, Dan C Vodnar, Sascha Rohn, Gianina Crișan
Goji (Lycium barbarum L.) berries are emphasized as healthy food or are used widely as dietary supplements. In the present study, the antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory activities of berries extracts from two selected Romanian cultivars (cv. Erma and cv. Biglifeberry) have been evaluated. UHPLC-QTOF-MS analysis results revealed the presence of vitamin C and related compounds, phenolic acids, flavonoids, fatty acids (oxylipins), and spermidine derivatives. In particular, cv. Erma showed a strong tyrosinase-inhibitory effect, whereas cv...
February 12, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Xiao-Fang Hu, Qiang Zhang, Pan-Pan Zhang, Li-Juan Sun, Ji-Chao Liang, Susan L Morris-Natschke, Yong Chen, Kuo-Hsiung Lee
The aims of the present study were to assess the anti-diabetic effects of Physalis alkekengi L. (PA) in 3T3-L1 pre-adipocyte cells and HepG2-GFP-CYP2E1 (E47) cells and in a pre-diabetic rat model, as well as to identify the active chemical constituents. The in vitro results showed that PA has a strong anti-diabetic capacity to relieve oxidative stress and inhibit α-glucosidase activity. Mechanistic analysis also showed that ethyl acetate extracts of aerial parts and fruit of PA (PAG-EA and PAF-EA) enhanced glucose transporter 4 expression and function as well as enhanced insulin sensitivity by inhibiting the expression of cytochrome P450-2E1 (CYP2E1) mRNA and protein...
February 12, 2018: Fitoterapia
Daisuke Saigusa, Norio Suzuki, Yotaro Matsumoto, Keiko Umeda, Yoshihisa Tomioka, Seizo Koshiba, Masayuki Yamamoto
Roxadustat (FG-4592, Rox) is a stabilizer for hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIFs), which induce production of the erythroid growth factor erythropoietin, and has been listed by the World Anti-Doping Agency as a prohibited substance for athletes since 2011. Although the detection technologies for Rox and its glucuronide-conjugated metabolite (Rox-Gluc) have been developed exploiting triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (MS/MS), the production of metabolites from Rox in the human body remains to be clarified...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Biochemistry
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