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nerve growth

Lars Peter Engeset Austdal, Gro H Mathisen, Else Marit Løberg, Ragnhild E Paulsen
Immediate early gene nerve growth factor-induced clone B (NGFI-B), a nuclear receptor important for differentiation and apoptosis, is expressed in mice and rat cerebellum from an early stage of postnatal development. Following apoptotic stimuli NGFI-B translocates to mitochondria to initiate cell death processes. Controlled cell death is critical for correct cerebellar development. Immunohistochemical analysis of NGFI-B in sections of mice cerebella showed NGFI-B to be expressed in granule neurons in vivo at a time (P8-11) when apoptosis is known to occur...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Xingxing Zhou, Anneng Yang, Zhongbing Huang, Guangfu Yin, Ximing Pu, Juan Jin
Extracellular matrix (ECM) can promote peripheral nerve repair. In this study, a conductive fiber-film (CFF) with core-sheath structure and conductivity of ∼10Scm(-1) was prepared by electrospinning of aligned poly(l-lactide acid) (PLLA) fibers and electrochemical deposition of polypyrole (PPy) nanoparticles. Then the multiple components of ECM, including laminin, fibronectin and collagen, were coated on the surface of CFF by culturing and lysing L929 cells to fabricate the bioactive scaffold of ECM-linked CFF (ECM-CFF)...
October 11, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Ravinder Bamba, Thanapong Waitayawinyu, Ratnam Nookala, David Colton Riley, Richard B Boyer, Kevin W Sexton, Chinnakart Boonyasirikool, Sunyarn Niempoog, Nathaniel D Kelm, Mark D Does, Richard D Dortch, Robert Bruce Shack, Wesley P Thayer
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve injury can have a devastating impact on our military and veteran population. Current strategies for peripheral nerve repair include techniques such as nerve tubes, nerve grafts, tissue matrices, and nerve growth guides to enhance the number of regenerating axons. Even with such advanced techniques, it takes months to regain function. In animal models, polyethylene glycol (PEG) therapy has shown to improve both physiologic and behavioral outcomes after nerve transection by fusion of a portion of the proximal axons to the distal axon stumps...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Ramón Martínez-Mármol, Bruna Barneda-Zahonero, David Soto, Rosa Maria Andrés, Elena Coccia, Xavier Gasull, Laura Planells-Ferrer, Rana S Moubarak, Eduardo Soriano, Joan X Comella
Caspases have recently emerged as key regulators of axonal pruning and degeneration and of long-term depression (LTD), a long-lasting form of synaptic plasticity. However, the mechanism underlying these functions remains unclear. In this context, XIAP has been shown to modulate these processes. The neuron-specific form of FAIM protein (FAIM-L) is a death receptor antagonist that stabilizes XIAP protein levels, thus preventing death receptor-induced neuronal apoptosis. Here we show that FAIM-L modulates synaptic transmission, prevents chemical-LTD induction in hippocampal neurons, and thwarts axon degeneration after nerve growth factor (NGF) withdrawal...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Sarah Elizabeth Skerratt, Mark D Andrews, Sharan K Bagal, James Bilsland, David Brown, Peter J Bungay, Susan Cole, Karl R Gibson, Russell Jones, Inaki Morao, Angus Nedderman, Kiyoyuki Omoto, Colin Robinson, Thomas Ryckmans, Kimberly Skinner, Paul Anthony Stupple, Gareth Waldron
The neurotrophin family of growth factors, comprised of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin 3 (NT3) and neurotrophin 4 (NT4), is implicated in the physiology of chronic pain. Given the clinical efficacy of anti-NGF monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapies, there is significant interest in the development of small molecule modulators of neurotrophin activity. Neurotrophins signal through the tropomyosin related kinase (Trk) family of tyrosine kinase receptors, hence Trk kinase inhibition represents a potentially "druggable" point of intervention...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
J M Li, W B Xu, J W Zhong, H Y Wu, W C Dai
Objective: To assess the characteristics of facial nerve canal between normal anatomy and dysplasia of children in different ages. Methods: A total of 492 health ears were divided into six groups, neonatal group (<1 m , n=42), infancy group(1 m-1 y, n=106), toddler group(1-3 y, n=102), preschool group (3-6 y, n=100), school group(6-10 y, n=60)and adolescent group (10-14 y, n=82). The length and diameter of facial nerve canal and that angles of first and second genu were measured with CT in each group. Results: ①The lengths of facial nerve canal in neonatal and infancy group were shorter than other four groups, especially in the mastoid segments of facial nerve canal...
October 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Tsia-Shu Lo, Yi-Hao Lin, Hsiao-Chien Chu, Eileen Feliz M Cortes, Leng Boi Pue, Yiap Loong Tan, Ma Clarissa Uy-Patrimonio
AIM: By investigating the association of urodynamics and urogenital nerve growth factor (NGF) levels in vaginal mesh surgery, we may be able to associate the likelihood of postoperative lower urinary tract symptoms developing as a result of synthetic mesh implanted for pelvic floor reconstructive surgery. METHODS: Thirty-eight female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: mesh, sham (no mesh), and control. Urodynamic study and NGF analysis of the urogenital tissues were done and results were compared among all groups...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Mingyong Gao, Paul Lu, Dan Lynam, Bridget Bednark, W Marie Campana, Jeff Sakamoto, Mark Tuszynski
OBJECTIVE: We combined implantation of multi-channel templated agarose scaffolds with growth factor gene delivery to examine whether this combinatorial treatment can enhance peripheral axonal regeneration through long sciatic nerve gaps. APPROACH: 15 mm long scaffolds were templated into highly organized, strictly linear channels, mimicking the linear organization of natural nerves into fascicles of related function. Scaffolds were filled with syngeneic bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) secreting the growth factor brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and lentiviral vectors expressing BDNF were injected into the sciatic nerve segment distal to the scaffold implantation site...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Neural Engineering
Nuray Erin, Tümay İpekçi, Bahar Akkaya, İrem Hicran Özbudak, Mehmet Baykara
Calcitonin Gene-related Peptide (CGRP), Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (VIP) and Substance P (SP) are sensory neuropeptides which may alter cancer growth through modulation of chronic inflammation. We recently reported that SP suppresses breast cancer growth and metastasis through neuroimmune modulation. These neuropeptides are hydrolyzed by Neprilysin (NEP) to bioactive fragments. Decreased activity of NEP was reported in clear cell and chromophobe type renal cell carcinoma (RCC). It is however not known how the levels of neuropeptides hydrolyzed with NEP changes in RCC...
October 19, 2016: Cancer Microenvironment: Official Journal of the International Cancer Microenvironment Society
Hari Trivedi, Thomas M Link, Richard J O'Donnell, Andrew E Horvai, Daria Motamedi
Multiple hereditary exostoses is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by numerous benign osteochondromas. Complications are rare and can include deformity, growth abnormality, fracture, adventitial bursa formation, local mass effect on a nerve, malignant degeneration, and vascular complications including stenosis, occlusion, arteriovenous fistula, and pseudoaneurysm. We present a case of multiple hereditary exostoses leading to a deep femoral artery pseudoaneurysm in the proximal medial thigh with subsequent rupture and hematoma, masquerading as tumor...
August 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
Liping Liu, Tiedong Sun, Feng Xin, Wei Cui, Jianquan Guo, Jian Hu
AIMS: To study whether autophagy participates in the neuroprotective effect of nerve growth factor (NGF) on neurons treated with alcohol. METHODS: The autophagy-related markers were used to explore the role of autophagy in PC12 cells exposed to alcohol or pre-incubated with NGF before initiating the treatment with alcohol (100 mM; 6 h). PC12 cells were pre-incubated with 3-methyladenine (3-MA) (10 mM; 1 h) or rapamycin (100 nM; 1 h) before co-incubated with alcohol (100 mM; 6 h) in order to investigate the relationship between apoptosis and autophagy...
October 19, 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
C X Cong, J Y Lin, L H Wang
Objective: To observe the clinical and pathological features of uveal metastatic carcinoma. Methods: It was a retrospective case series study. The clinical manifestation, growth pattern, tumor types and relative pathological features of 13 patients visiting from January 1980 to December 2014 with uveal metastatic carcinoma in Tianjin Eye Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. Results: There were 13 cases, 6 cases of male and 7 of female. Age was from 37.0 to 66.0 years old. The mean age was 52.1 years old...
October 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Valeria Lanza, Alessio Travaglia, Gaetano Malgieri, Roberto Fattorusso, Giuseppe Grasso, Giuseppe Di Natale, Valeria Zito, Giuseppe Arena, Danilo Milardi, Enrico Rizzarelli
Many biochemical pathways involving nerve growth factor (NGF), a neurotrophin with copper(II) binding abilities, are regulated by the ubiquitin (Ub) proteasome system. However, whether NGF binds Ub and the role played by copper(II) ions in modulating their interactions have not yet been investigated. Herein NMR spectroscopy, circular dichroism, ESI-MS, and titration calorimetry are employed to characterize the interactions of NGF with Ub. NGF1-14 , which is a short model peptide encompassing the first 14 N-terminal residues of NGF, binds the copper-binding regions of Ub (KD =8...
October 19, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Zühtü Özbek, Hasan Emre Aydin, Atacan Emre Koçman, Emre Özkara, Erdem Söztutar, Ezgi Bektur, Murat Vural, Aydan Köse, Ali Arslantaş, Cengiz Bayçu
AIM: In this study, we investigated the effects of genistein in a rat model of sciatic nerve crush injury and complete sciatic nerve transection. The effects of genistein were compared with those of gabapentin, which is widely used in clinical practice for peripheral nerve injury. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight rats were randomly divided into six groups (n = 8 for all groups): group 1 (sham); group 2, sciatic nerve crush injury (control); group 3, sciatic nerve crush injury + genistein 20 mg/kg; group 4, sciatic nerve crush injury + gabapentin 90 mg/kg; group 5, sciatic nerve transection + genistein 20 mg/kg; group 6, sciatic nerve transection + gabapentin 90 mg/kg...
September 21, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
Joseph Catapano, Daniel R B Demsey, Emily S Ho, Ronald M Zuker, Gregory H Borschel
Smiling is an important aspect of emotional expression and social interaction, leaving facial palsy patients with impaired social functioning and decreased overall quality of life. Although there are several techniques available for facial reanimation, staged facial reanimation using donor nerve branches from the contralateral, functioning facial nerve connected to a cross-face nerve graft (CFNG) is the only technique that can reliably reproduce an emotionally spontaneous smile. Although CFNGs provide spontaneity, they typically produce less smile excursion than when the subsequent free functioning muscle flap is innervated with the motor nerve to the masseter muscle...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Jun-Mian Tian, Cheng-Chen Zhang, Bo Luo, Jin-Ming Gao
Two picrotoxane sesquiterpene lactone glycosides, nepalactones A (1) and B (2), and one new coumarin, nepalarin (3), were isolated from the root barks of the poisonous plant Coriarianepalensis. Their structures were elucidated via HRESIMS and 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic analyses, and further verified via transformation methods. In addition, compounds 1-3 and five semisynthetic congeners (1a-e) were assayed for the activity to induce neurite outgrowth in rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. As a result, nepalactone A derivative 1c and nepalarin (3) significantly enhanced nerve growth factor (NGF)-mediated neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells...
October 12, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xiaodong Li, Mona Hong, Dingliang Zhu, Pingjin Gao
OBJECTIVE: The sympathetic nervous system interacts with the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) contributing to cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we sought to determine if renal denervation (RDN) inhibits aldosterone expression and associated cardiovascular pathophysiological changes in angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertension. DESIGN AND METHOD: Bilateral RDN or SHAM operation was performed before chronic 14-day Ang II infusion (200 ng/kg/min) in male Sprague-Dawley rats...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Kei Ando, Shiro Imagama, Zenya Ito, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Tetsuro Hida, Hiroaki Nakashima, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Yoshimoto Ishikawa, Akiyuki Matsumoto, Koji Nishida, Yoshihiro Nishida, Naoki Ishiguro
STUDY DESIGN: Self-assembling peptide gel (SPG-178) provides new evidence for the role of a scaffold for treatment of the spinal cord through induction of neuroprotective factors. OBJECTIVE: To verify the reproducibility of SPG-178 as scaffold after spinal cord injury, we examine the characteristics of SPG-178 and protective effect on neural cells in vitro and in vivo. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The central nervous system extracellular matrix may play a role in maintenance of the neuronal network by inhibiting axonal growth and suppressing formation of additional inadequate synapses...
October 15, 2016: Spine
Rodrigo Fabrizzio Inácio, Renata Gacielle Zanon, Mateus Vidigal de Castro, Henrique Marques de Souza, Marcio Chaim Bajgelman, Liana Verinaud, Alexandre Leite Rodrigues de Oliveira
Astrocytes are multifunctional glial cells that actively participate in synaptic plasticity in health and disease. Little is known about molecular interactions between neurons and glial cells that result in synaptic stability or elimination. In this sense, the main histocompatibility complex of class I (MHC I) has been shown to play a role in the synaptic plasticity process during development and after lesion of the CNS. MHC I levels in neurons appear to be influenced by astrocyte secreted molecules, which may generate endoplasmic reticulum stress...
October 14, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Ching-Chung Liang, Tsong-Hai Lee, Shuenn-Dhy Chang
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the effect of human umbilical cord blood-derived CD34(+) cells on bladder dysfunction induced by cerebral ischemia in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female rats were subjected to either 60 minute middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) or a sham operation. Rats were divided into four groups: sham operation, MCAO without treatment, infusion with 1×10(6) CD34(+) cells 30 minutes before MCAO, and infusion with 1×10(6) CD34(+) cells 3 hours after MCAO...
October 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
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