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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034355/vitreous-disease-in-retinoblastoma-clinical-findings-and-treatment
#1
Jasmine H Francis, Larissa A Habib, David H Abramson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Advances in ophthalmology and optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030462/selective-ophthalmic-artery-chemosurgery-soac-for-retinoblastoma-fluoroscopic-time-and-radiation-dose-parameters-a-baseline-study
#2
Srikanth R Boddu, David H Abramson, Brian P Marr, Jasmine H Francis, Y Pierre Gobin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate fluoroscopic time and radiation dose parameters, and factors affecting these parameters, during selective ophthalmic artery chemosurgery (SOAC) for retinoblastoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review from the prospective database of all patients with retinoblastoma treated with SOAC over a 5-year period (September 2009-January 2015) at a single institution after receiving institutional review board approval. Patient demographics, arterial approach, access device, side of treatment, number of SOAC cycles/patient, number of drugs/SOAC, and radiation parameters (outcome variables), including the fluoroscopic time, dose-area product (DAP), and total radiation dose, were obtained from the database...
November 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020463/the-role-of-human-rhinovirus-hrv-species-on-asthma-exacerbation-severity-in-children-and-adolescents
#3
Katrina A Lambert, Luke A Prendergast, Shyamali C Dharmage, Mimi Tang, Molly O'Sullivan, Thomas Tran, Julian Druce, Philip Bardin, Michael J Abramson, Bircan Erbas
OBJECTIVE: It is recognized that human rhinovirus (HRV) infection is an important factor in asthma exacerbations requiring hospitalization in children. However, previous studies have disagreed on the differential impact of various HRV species. We sought to assess the impact of HRV species on the severity of asthma exacerbations in children and adolescents. We also examined whether the effect of HRV species on severity was modified by age and gender. METHODS: Virus strain was determined for 113 children with HRV detectable at the time of admission for asthma exacerbation...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976229/associations-of-atopy-and-asthma-during-aging-of-an-adult-population-over-a-20-year-follow-up
#4
Diogenes S Ferreira, Sonia Kaushik, Catherine L Smith, Shyamali C Dharmage, Geza P Benke, Bruce R Thompson, E Haydn Walters, Rory Wolfe, Michael J Abramson
OBJECTIVE: Atopy is associated with asthma, but cross-sectional studies suggest this association may be weaker in older adults. It remains unclear if atopy predicts asthma later in adult life. We aimed to investigate whether atopy in young adults predicted asthma 20 years later and to quantify the contemporaneous relationship of atopy and asthma as adults age. METHODS: Participants of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) in [city; data removed for double-blind peer review] aged 20-44 years were followed for 20 years and completed questionnaires, skin prick tests (SPT) and allergen specific immunoglobulin E measurement at a baseline and two subsequent surveys...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975875/education-in-twins-and-their-parents-across-birth-cohorts-over-100-years-an-individual-level-pooled-analysis-of-42-twin-cohorts
#5
Karri Silventoinen, Aline Jelenkovic, Antti Latvala, Reijo Sund, Yoshie Yokoyama, Vilhelmina Ullemar, Catarina Almqvist, Catherine A Derom, Robert F Vlietinck, Ruth J F Loos, Christian Kandler, Chika Honda, Fujio Inui, Yoshinori Iwatani, Mikio Watanabe, Esther Rebato, Maria A Stazi, Corrado Fagnani, Sonia Brescianini, Yoon-Mi Hur, Hoe-Uk Jeong, Tessa L Cutler, John L Hopper, Andreas Busjahn, Kimberly J Saudino, Fuling Ji, Feng Ning, Zengchang Pang, Richard J Rose, Markku Koskenvuo, Kauko Heikkilä, Wendy Cozen, Amie E Hwang, Thomas M Mack, Sisira H Siribaddana, Matthew Hotopf, Athula Sumathipala, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Joohon Sung, Jina Kim, Jooyeon Lee, Sooji Lee, Tracy L Nelson, Keith E Whitfield, Qihua Tan, Dongfeng Zhang, Clare H Llewellyn, Abigail Fisher, S Alexandra Burt, Kelly L Klump, Ariel Knafo-Noam, David Mankuta, Lior Abramson, Sarah E Medland, Nicholas G Martin, Grant W Montgomery, Patrik K E Magnusson, Nancy L Pedersen, Anna K Dahl Aslan, Robin P Corley, Brooke M Huibregtse, Sevgi Y Öncel, Fazil Aliev, Robert F Krueger, Matt McGue, Shandell Pahlen, Gonneke Willemsen, Meike Bartels, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Judy L Silberg, Lindon J Eaves, Hermine H Maes, Jennifer R Harris, Ingunn Brandt, Thomas S Nilsen, Finn Rasmussen, Per Tynelius, Laura A Baker, Catherine Tuvblad, Juan R Ordoñana, Juan F Sánchez-Romera, Lucia Colodro-Conde, Margaret Gatz, David A Butler, Paul Lichtenstein, Jack H Goldberg, K Paige Harden, Elliot M Tucker-Drob, Glen E Duncan, Dedra Buchwald, Adam D Tarnoki, David L Tarnoki, Carol E Franz, William S Kremen, Michael J Lyons, José A Maia, Duarte L Freitas, Eric Turkheimer, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Dorret I Boomsma, Jaakko Kaprio
Whether monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins differ from each other in a variety of phenotypes is important for genetic twin modeling and for inferences made from twin studies in general. We analyzed whether there were differences in individual, maternal and paternal education between MZ and DZ twins in a large pooled dataset. Information was gathered on individual education for 218,362 adult twins from 27 twin cohorts (53% females; 39% MZ twins), and on maternal and paternal education for 147,315 and 143,056 twins respectively, from 28 twin cohorts (52% females; 38% MZ twins)...
October 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974648/prevalence-of-asthma-like-symptoms-with-ageing
#6
Debbie Jarvis, Roger Newson, Christer Janson, Angelo Corsico, Joachim Heinrich, Josep M Anto, Michael J Abramson, Anne-Marie Kirsten, Jan Paul Zock, Roberto Bono, Pascal Demoly, Bénédicte Leynaert, Chantal Raherison, Isabelle Pin, Thorarinn Gislason, Rain Jogi, Vivi Schlunssen, Cecilie Svanes, John Watkins, Joost Weyler, Antonio Pereira-Vega, Isabel Urrutia, Jose A Gullón, Bertil Forsberg, Nicole Probst-Hensch, H Marike Boezen, Jesús Martinez-Moratalla Rovira, Simone Accordini, Roberto de Marco, Peter Burney
BACKGROUND: Change in the prevalence of asthma-like symptoms in populations of ageing adults is likely to be influenced by smoking, asthma treatment and atopy. METHODS: The European Community Respiratory Health Survey collected information on prevalent asthma-like symptoms from representative samples of adults aged 20-44 years (29 centres in 13 European countries and Australia) at baseline and 10 and 20 years later (n=7844). Net changes in symptom prevalence were determined using generalised estimating equations (accounting for non-response through inverse probability weighting), followed by meta-analysis of centre level estimates...
October 3, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972658/atopy-in-people-aged-40-and-over-relation-to-airflow-limitation
#7
Elyse Marie Guevara-Rattray, Frances L Garden, Alan L James, Richard Wood-Baker, Michael J Abramson, David P Johns, A Sonia Buist, Peter G J Burney, E Haydn Walters, Brett G Toelle, Guy B Marks
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reached conflicting conclusions about the role of atopy as a risk factor for COPD. In part, this is attributable to variation in the definitions of airflow limitation and the treatment of people with asthma. OBJECTIVE: To establish whether there is any independent association between atopy and post-bronchodilator airflow limitation in the general population aged 40 years and over. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a general population sample of 2415 people aged 40 years and over in Australia...
October 3, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972075/skp2-activation-by-thyroid-hormone-receptor-%C3%AE-2-bypasses-rb-dependent-proliferation-in-rb-deficient-cells
#8
Xiaoliang L Xu, Zhengke Li, Aihong Liu, Xianqun Fan, Dan-Ning Hu, Dong-Lai Qi, David W Chitty, Renbing Jia, Jianping Qui, Justin Q Wang, Jake M Sharaf, Jun Zou, Rebecca Weiss, Hongyan Huang, Walter J J Joseph, Lily Ng, Richard B Rosen, Binghui Shen, Mark Reid, Douglas Forrest, David H Abramson, Samuel Singer, David Cobrinik, Suresh C Jhanwar
Germline RB1 mutations strongly predispose humans to cone-precursor-derived retinoblastomas and strongly predispose mice to pituitary tumors, yet shared cell type-specific circuitry that sensitizes these different cell types to the loss of RB1 has not been defined. Here we show that the cell type-restricted thyroid hormone receptor isoform TRβ2 sensitizes to RB1 loss in both settings by antagonizing the widely expressed and tumor suppressive TRβ1.TRβ2 promoted expression of the E3 ubiquitin ligase SKP2, a critical factor for RB1-mutant tumors, by enabling EMI1/FBXO5-dependent inhibition of SKP2 degradation...
September 28, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966108/waves-of-seed-propagation-induced-by-delayed-animal-dispersion
#9
Laila D Kazimierski, Marcelo N Kuperman, Horacio S Wio, Guillermo Abramson
We study a model of seed dispersal that considers the inclusion of an animal disperser moving diffusively, feeding on fruits and transporting the seeds, which are later deposited and capable of germination. The dynamics depends on several population parameters of growth, decay, harvesting, transport, digestion and germination. In particular, the deposition of transported seeds at places away from their collection sites produces a delay in the dynamics, whose effects are the focus of this work. Analytical and numerical solutions of different simplified scenarios show the existence of travelling waves...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964890/safety-tolerability-and-pharmacodynamics-of-an-anti-interleukin-1%C3%AE-%C3%AE-dual-variable-domain-immunoglobulin-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-a-randomized-phase-1-study
#10
S X Wang, S B Abramson, M Attur, M A Karsdal, R A Preston, C J Lozada, M P Kosloski, F Hong, P Jiang, M J Saltarelli, B A Hendrickson, J K Medema
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of ABT-981, a human dual variable domain immunoglobulin simultaneously targeting interleukin (IL)-1α and IL-1β, in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHOD: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single-center study of multiple subcutaneous (SC) injections of ABT-981 in patients with mild-to-moderate OA of the knee (NCT01668511). Three cohorts received ABT-981 (0...
September 28, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941834/ethnic-differences-in-visceral-adiposity-measured-in-early-pregnancy
#11
Kajenny Srivaratharajah, Beth L Abramson, Jennifer Jairam, Alison L Park, Howard Berger, Joel G Ray
OBJECTIVE: To determine if visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) depth in early pregnancy differs by maternal ethnicity. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 482 women without pre-pregnancy diabetes. All underwent sonographic measurement of VAT and SAT depth at 11 to 14 weeks' gestation. RESULTS: SAT did not differ between groups, but VAT did. Compared with Canadian-born women (3.9 cm, 95% CI 3.7-4.1), mean VAT depth was higher among Latin American (4...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929479/social-capital-neighborhood-disorder-and-disaster-recovery
#12
Lauren Clay, Mia Papas, David Abramson, James Kendra
OBJECTIVE: This study examined social institutions as a contextual factor that may influence perceptions of neighborhood physical and social disorder during disaster recovery. DESIGN: The study used descriptive statistics and fit logistic regression models. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants in this study (n = 772) were recruited from temporary housing in Louisiana and Mississippi as part of the Gulf Coast Child and Family Health Study, a longitudinal study of households heavily impacted by Hurricane Katrina...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928190/interdisciplinary-model-of-care-radicals-for-early-detection-and-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-in-australian-primary-care-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Jenifer Liang, Michael J Abramson, Nicholas Zwar, Grant Russell, Anne E Holland, Billie Bonevski, Ajay Mahal, Benjamin van Hecke, Kirsten Phillips, Paula Eustace, Eldho Paul, Kate Petrie, Sally Wilson, Johnson George
INTRODUCTION: Up to half of all smokers develop clinically significant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Gaps exist in the implementation and uptake of evidence-based guidelines for managing COPD in primary care. We describe the methodology of a cluster randomised controlled trial (cRCT) evaluating the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of an interdisciplinary model of care aimed at reducing the burden of smoking and COPD in Australian primary care settings. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A cRCT is being undertaken to evaluate an interdisciplinary model of care (RADICALS - Review of Airway Dysfunction and Interdisciplinary Community-based care of Adult Long-term Smokers)...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918391/genetic-polymorphisms-associated-with-the-risk-of-concussion-in-1056-college-athletes-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Thomas Roland Terrell, Ruth Abramson, Jeffery T Barth, Ellen Bennett, Robert C Cantu, Richard Sloane, Daniel T Laskowitz, David M Erlanger, Douglas McKeag, Gregory Nichols, Verle Valentine, Leslie Galloway
BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the association of genetic polymorphisms APOE, APOE G-219T promoter, microtubule associated protein(MAPT)/tau exon 6 Ser(53)Pro, MAPT/tau Hist(47)Tyr, IL-6572 G/C and IL-6R(Asp)358(Ala) with the risk of concussion in college athletes. METHODS: A 23-centre prospective cohort study of 1056 college athletes with genotyping was completed between August 2003 and December 2012. All athletes completed baseline medical and concussion questionnaires, and post-concussion data were collected for athletes with a documented concussion...
September 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903503/identifying-gaps-in-respiratory-syncytial-virus-disease-epidemiology-in-the-united-states-prior-to-the-introduction-of-vaccines
#15
Lindsay Kim, Brian Rha, Jon S Abramson, Larry J Anderson, Carrie L Byington, Grace L Chen, John DeVincenzo, Kathryn M Edwards, Janet A Englund, Ann R Falsey, Marie R Griffin, Ruth A Karron, Karen G Martin, H Cody Meissner, Flor M Munoz, Andrew T Pavia, Pedro A Piedra, William Schaffner, Eric A F Simões, Rosalyn Singleton, H Keipp Talbot, Edward E Walsh, Jane R Zucker, Susan I Gerber
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes lower respiratory tract illness frequently. No effective antivirals or vaccines for RSV are approved for use in the United States; however, there are at least 50 vaccines and monoclonal antibody products in development, with those targeting older adults and pregnant women (to protect young infants) in phase 2 and 3 clinical trials. Unanswered questions regarding RSV epidemiology need to be identified and addressed prior to RSV vaccine introduction to guide the measurement of impact and future recommendations...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899934/bronchial-hyperresponsiveness-and-obesity-in-middle-age-insights-from-an-australian-cohort
#16
John A Burgess, Melanie C Matheson, Fei Diao, David P Johns, Bircan Erbas, Adrian J Lowe, Lyle C Gurrin, Caroline J Lodge, Paul S Thomas, Stephen Morrison, Bruce R Thompson, Iain Feather, Jennifer L Perret, Michael J Abramson, Graham G Giles, John L Hopper, Shyamali C Dharmage, Eugene H Walters
The association between obesity and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) is incompletely characterised. Using the 2006 follow-up of the Tasmanian Longitudinal Health Study, we measured the association between obesity and BHR and whether it was mediated by small airway closure or modified by asthma and sex of the patient.A methacholine challenge measured BHR. Multivariable logistic regression measured associations between body mass index (BMI) and BHR, adjusting for sex, asthma, smoking, corticosteroid use, family history and lung function...
September 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877843/ongoing-mumps-outbreak-in-israel-january-to-august-2017
#17
Viki Indenbaum, Judith M Hübschen, Chen Stein-Zamir, Ella Mendelson, Danit Sofer, Musa Hindiyeh, Emilia Anis, Nitza Abramson, Eric J Haas, Yochi Yosef, Larisa Dukhan, Shepherd Roee Singer
In Israel, 262 mumps cases were registered between 1 January and 28 August 2017 despite a vaccine coverage of ≥ 96%. The majority (56.5%) of cases were adolescents and young adults between 10 and 24 years of age. Nearly twice as many cases were reported in males than in females. Sequence information identified genotype G and suggested specific transmission chains in different religious communities, with the Muslim population in Jerusalem being most severely affected.
August 31, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869762/association-of-breast-milk-fatty-acids-and-allergic-disease-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Nilakshi T Waidyatillake, Shyamali C Dharmage, Katrina J Allen, Caroline J Lodge, Julie A Simpson, Gayan Bowatte, Michael J Abramson, Adrian J Lowe
INTRODUCTION: Dietary poly unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have immune regulatory properties. Breast milk is rich in PUFA, and it has been hypothesised that these PUFAs may be important in the aetiology of allergic diseases. Despite a growing body of evidence, the associations between breast milk PUFA and allergic disease have not previously been systematically reviewed. METHODS: The search was performed in PubMed and EMBASE databases using breastfeeding, fatty acid and allergic disease terms...
September 4, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868282/growth-of-uveal-melanoma-following-intravitreal-bevacizumab
#19
Jasmine H Francis, Jonathan Kim, Amy Lin, Robert Folberg, Saipriya Iyer, David H Abramson
PURPOSE: Typically treatment of large melanomas (by Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study criteria) is restricted to enucleation, due to size constraints for plaque brachytherapy. Because primary and metastatic uveal melanoma cells are inhibited by bevacizumab (an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor), this prospective study evaluated the impact of intravitreal bevacizumab on large uveal melanomas that were destined for enucleation. Size reduction by bevacizumab would potentially salvage these eyes by making them eligible for treatment with plaque brachytherapy...
July 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856166/ketoacidosis-with-canagliflozin-prescribed-for-phosphoinositide-3-kinase-inhibitor-induced-hyperglycemia-a-case-report
#20
Christopher Bowman, Vandana Abramson, Melissa Wellons
Context. Many phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors are under trial for cancer treatment. We present a patient taking taselisib who developed ketoacidosis within 1 week of starting canagliflozin. Case Description. A 69-year-old female patient with no previous history of diabetes mellitus was enrolled in a clinical trial for taselisib therapy in stage IV breast cancer. Hyperglycemia treatment with metformin was insufficient and not tolerated. The addition of canagliflozin daily resulted in ketoacidosis and hospitalization within 1 week...
July 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
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