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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550362/the-role-of-solifenacin-as-monotherapy-or-combination-with-tamsulosin-in-ureteral-stent-related-symptoms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Jue Wang, Xiaobei Zhang, Tiande Zhang, Jianjun Mu, Bing Bai, Yi Lei
PURPOSE: Ureteral stenting is associated with various morbidity and reduced quality of life. We systematically evaluated the efficacy and safety of solifenacin as monotherapy, or combined therapy with tamsulosin versus control or tamsulosin monotherapy in stent-related symptoms (SRSs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trials evaluating solifenacin or its combination with tamsulosin for the treatment of SRSs were identified via a comprehensive search of Pubmed, Embase, Ovid, The Cochrane Library and relevant sources up to February 2017...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550296/reducing-mitochondrial-reads-in-atac-seq-using-crispr-cas9
#2
Lindsey Montefiori, Liana Hernandez, Zijie Zhang, Yoav Gilad, Carole Ober, Gregory Crawford, Marcelo Nobrega, Noboru Jo Sakabe
ATAC-seq is a high-throughput sequencing technique that identifies open chromatin. Depending on the cell type, ATAC-seq samples may contain ~20-80% of mitochondrial sequencing reads. As the regions of open chromatin of interest are usually located in the nuclear genome, mitochondrial reads are typically discarded from the analysis. We tested two approaches to decrease wasted sequencing in ATAC-seq libraries generated from lymphoblastoid cell lines: targeted cleavage of mitochondrial DNA fragments using CRISPR technology and removal of detergent from the cell lysis buffer...
May 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550009/digital-support-interventions-for-the-self-management-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#3
Barbara I Nicholl, Louise F Sandal, Mette J Stochkendahl, Marianne McCallum, Nithya Suresh, Ottar Vasseljen, Jan Hartvigsen, Paul J Mork, Per Kjaer, Karen Søgaard, Frances S Mair
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common cause of disability and is ranked as the most burdensome health condition globally. Self-management, including components on increased knowledge, monitoring of symptoms, and physical activity, are consistently recommended in clinical guidelines as cost-effective strategies for LBP management and there is increasing interest in the potential role of digital health. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to synthesize and critically appraise published evidence concerning the use of interactive digital interventions to support self-management of LBP...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549931/methodological-systematic-review-identifies-major-limitations-in-prioritisation-processes-for-updating
#4
L Martínez García, H Pardo-Hernandez, C Superchi, E Niño de Guzman, M Ballesteros, N Ibargoyen Roteta, E McFarlane, M Posso, M Roqué I Figuls, R Rotaeche Del Campo, A J Sanabria, A Selva, I Solà, R W M Vernooij, P Alonso-Coello
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe strategies to prioritise the updating of systematic reviews (SRs), health technology assessments (HTAs), or clinical guidelines (CGs). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We conducted a SR of studies describing one or more methods to prioritise SRs, HTAs, or CGs for updating. We searched MEDLINE (PubMed, from 1966 to August 2016) and The Cochrane Methodology Register (The Cochrane Library, Issue 8 2016). We handsearched abstract books, reviewed reference lists, and contacted experts...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549734/synthesis-and-anti-proliferative-activity-of-a-small-library-of-7-substituted-5h-pyrrole-1-2-a-3-1-benzoxazin-5-one-derivatives
#5
Mariateresa Badolato, Gabriele Carullo, Biagio Armentano, Salvatore Panza, Rocco Malivindi, Francesca Aiello
In this study, we investigate the anti-proliferative activity of a small library of 7-substituted 5H-pyrrolo[1,2-a][3,1]benzoxazin-5-one derivatives, against a panel of human cancer cell lines. We reported the synthesis of these compounds in a previous work. 7-Bromo-5H-benzo[d]pyrrolo[2,1-b][1,3]oxazin-5-one showed a promising anti-proliferative effect. As starting material for Suzuki-Miyaura cross coupling reaction, it was selected for the design and the synthesis of six further derivatives, with the aim to better define structure-activity relationships...
May 15, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549707/interventions-for-treating-sarcopenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-studies
#6
Yoshihiro Yoshimura, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Minoru Yamada, Hunkyung Kim, Atsushi Harada, Hidenori Arai
BACKGROUND: Much interest has been focused on interventions for treating sarcopenia; however, the effects have gained little evidence. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effectiveness of exercise, nutritional, drug, and combinational interventions for treating sarcopenia in older people. METHOD: We systematically searched MEDLINE via PubMed, the Cochrane Library of Cochrane Reviews and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Ichushi-Web for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from January 2000 to December 2016...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549563/no-346-advanced-reproductive-age-and-fertility
#7
Kimberly E Liu, Allison Case
OBJECTIVE: To improve awareness of the natural age-related decline in female and male fertility with respect to natural fertility and assisted reproductive technologies (ART), provide recommendations for their management, and to review investigations in the assessment of ovarian aging. OPTIONS: This guideline reviews options for the assessment of ovarian reserve and fertility treatments using ART with women of advanced reproductive age presenting with infertility...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549556/evaluation-of-a-commercial-automatic-treatment-planning-system-for-prostate-cancers
#8
Kanabu Nawa, Akihiro Haga, Akihiro Nomoto, Raniel A Sarmiento, Kenshiro Shiraishi, Hideomi Yamashita, Keiichi Nakagawa
Recent developments in Radiation Oncology treatment planning have led to the development of software packages that facilitate automated intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) planning. Such solutions include site-specific modules, plan library methods, and algorithm-based methods. In this study, the plan quality for prostate cancer generated by the Auto-Planning module of the Pinnacle(3) radiation therapy treatment planning system (v9.10, Fitchburg, WI) is retrospectively evaluated...
May 23, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549446/-gnparser-a-powerful-parser-for-scientific-names-based-on-parsing-expression-grammar
#9
Dmitry Y Mozzherin, Alexander A Myltsev, David J Patterson
BACKGROUND: Scientific names in biology act as universal links. They allow us to cross-reference information about organisms globally. However variations in spelling of scientific names greatly diminish their ability to interconnect data. Such variations may include abbreviations, annotations, misspellings, etc. Authorship is a part of a scientific name and may also differ significantly. To match all possible variations of a name we need to divide them into their elements and classify each element according to its role...
May 26, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549288/ecological-effects-of-soil-properties-and-metal-concentrations-on-the-composition-and-diversity-of-microbial-communities-associated-with-land-use-patterns-in-an-electronic-waste-recycling-region
#10
Wencheng Wu, Changxun Dong, Jiahui Wu, Xiaowen Liu, Yingxin Wu, Xianbin Chen, Shixiao Yu
Soil microbes play vital roles in ecosystem functions, and soil microbial communities may be strongly structured by land use patterns associated with electronic waste (e-waste) recycling activities, which can increase the heavy metal concentration in soils. In this study, a suite of soils from five land use types (paddy field, vegetable field, dry field, forest field, and e-waste recycling site) were collected in Longtang Town, Guangdong Province, South China. Soil physicochemical properties and heavy metal concentrations were measured, and the indigenous microbial assemblages were profiled using 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing and clone library analyses...
May 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548956/dalbinol-a-rotenoid-from-amorpha-fruticosa-l-exerts-anti-proliferative-activity-by-facilitating-%C3%AE-catenin-degradation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#11
Xiaohui Zhu, Xin Wu, Jing Cheng, Hongbo Liao, Xiaoqing Di, Lili Li, Rong Li, Yanfang Zhou, Xiangning Zhang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly malignant tumor, and the main cause of treatment failure is malignant proliferation. Aberrations in Wnt/β-catenin signaling are associated with HCC development. Despite the improvements in overall survival made over the past decade from the advent of molecularly targeted therapies, these treatments do not have efficacy in all patients with different pathogeneses. Therefore, there is a demand for novel chemotherapeutic agents for HCC. To this end, we built a natural compound library and screened out a rotenoid named dalbinol from the seeds of Amorpha fruticosa L...
May 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548946/prognostic-role-of-lncrna-tug1-for-cancer-outcome-evidence-from-840-cancer-patients
#12
Jia Liu, Jieru Lin, Yingqi Li, Yunyuan Zhang, Xian Chen
LncRNA TUG1 has been demonstrated to be aberrantly expressed in several types of cancer and maybe serve as a prognostic marker for cancer patients. However, most individual studies have been limited by small sample sizes and controversial results. Therefore, this meta analysis was conducted to analyze available data to delineate the potential clinical application of lncRNA TUG1 on cancer prognosis, lymph node metastasis and tumor progression. Up to February 20, 2017, literature collections were conducted by comprehensive searching electronic databases, including Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, BioMed Central, Springer, ScienceDirect, ISI Web of Knowledge, together with three Chinese databases...
May 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548843/zwitterionic-nanocarrier-surface-chemistry-improves-sirna-tumor-delivery-and-silencing-activity-relative-to-polyethylene-glycol
#13
Meredith A Jackson, Thomas A Werfel, Elizabeth J Curvino, Fang Yu, Taylor Elizabeth Kavanaugh, Samantha M Sarett, Mary D Dockery, Kameron V Kilchrist, Ayisha N Jackson, Todd D Giorgio, Craig L Duvall
Although siRNA-based nanomedicines hold promise for cancer treatment, conventional siRNA-polymer complex (polyplex) nanocarrier systems have poor pharmacokinetics following intravenous delivery, hindering tumor accumulation. Here, we determined the impact of surface chemistry on the in vivo pharmacokinetics and tumor delivery of siRNA polyplexes. A library of diblock polymers was synthesized, all containing the same pH-responsive, endosomolytic polyplex core-forming block but different corona blocks: 5 kDa (benchmark) and 20 kDa linear PEG, 10 kDa and 20 kDa brush-like poly(oligo ethylene glycol) (POEGMA), and 10 kDa and 20 kDa zwitterionic phosphorylcholine-based polymers (PMPC)...
May 26, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548828/screening-of-pro-asp-sequences-exposed-on-bacteriophage-m13-as-an-ideal-anchor-for-gold-nanocubes
#14
Hwa Kyoung Lee, Yujean Lee, Hyori Kim, Hye-Eun Lee, Hyejin Chang, Ki Tae Nam, Dae Hong Jeong, Junho Chung
Bacteriophages are thought to be ideal vehicles for linking antibodies to nanoparticles. Here, we define the sequence of peptides exposed as a fusion protein on M13 bacteriophages to yield optimal binding of gold nanocubes and efficient bacteriophage amplification. We generated five helper bacteriophage libraries using AE(X)2DP, AE(X)3DP, AE(X)4DP, AE(X)5DP, and AE(X)6DP as the exposed portion of pVIII, in which X was a randomized amino acid residue encoded by the nucleotide sequence NNK. Efficient phage amplification was achievable only in the AE(X)2DP, AE(X)3DP, and AE(X)4DP libraries...
May 26, 2017: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548542/a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-educational-programs-on-factors-that-affect-nurses-post-operative-pain-management-for-children
#15
Nahar AlReshidi, Tony Long, Angela Darvill
Despite extensive research in the international arena into pain and its management, there is, as yet, little research on the topic of pain in children in Saudi Arabia and in the Gulf countries generally. A systematic review was conducted to explore the impact of education programs on factors affecting paediatric nurses' postoperative pain management practice. This was done in order to advise the creation of an educational program for nurses in Saudi Arabia. Knowledge about pain, attitudes towards pain, beliefs about children's pain, perceptions of children's reports of pain, self-efficacy with regard to pain management, and perceptions of barriers to optimal practice were all considered to be relevant factors...
May 26, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548125/next-generation-sequencing-based-molecular-characterization-of-primary-urinary-bladder-adenocarcinoma
#16
Somak Roy, Dinesh Pradhan, Wayne L Ernst, Stephanie Mercurio, Yana Najjar, Rahul Parikh, Anil V Parwani, Reetesh K Pai, Rajiv Dhir, Marina N Nikiforova
Primary bladder adenocarcinoma is a rare and aggressive tumor with poor clinical outcomes and no standard of care therapy. Molecular biology of this tumor is unknown due to the lack of comprehensive molecular profiling studies. The study aimed to identify genomic alterations of clinical and therapeutic significance using next-generation sequencing and compare genomic profile of primary bladder adenocarcinoma with that of high-grade urothelial carcinoma and colorectal adenocarcinoma. A cohort of 15 well-characterized primary bladder adenocarcinoma was subjected to targeted next-generation sequencing for the identification of mutations and copy-number changes in 51 cancer-related genes...
May 26, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547936/fragment-based-drug-discovery-as-alternative-strategy-to-the-drug-development-for-neglected-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Juliana da Fonseca Rezende E Mello, Renan Augusto Gomes, Drielli Gomes Vital-Fujii, Glaucio Monteiro Ferreira, Gustavo Henrique Goulart Trossini
Neglected diseases (NDs) affect large populations and almost whole continents, representing 12% of the global health burden. In contrast, the treatment available today is limited and sometimes ineffective. Under this scenery, the Fragment-Based Drug Discovery (FBDD) emerged as one of the most promising alternatives to the traditional methods of drug development. This method allows achieving new lead compounds with smaller size of fragment libraries. Even with the wide Fragment-Based Drug Discovery success resulting in new effective therapeutic agents against different diseases, until this moment few studies have been applied this approach for NDs area...
May 26, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547797/vitamin-d-receptor-agonists-regulate-ocular-developmental-angiogenesis-and-modulate-expression-of-dre-mir-21-and-vegf
#18
Stephanie L Merrigan, Breandán N Kennedy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pathological growth of ocular vasculature networks can underpin visual impairment in neovascular age-related macular degeneration, proliferative diabetic retinopathy and retinopathy of prematurity. Our aim was to uncover novel pharmacological regulators of ocular angiogenesis by phenotype-based screening in zebrafish. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: A bioactive chemical library of 465 drugs was screened to identify small molecule inhibitors of ocular hyaloid vasculature (HV) angiogenesis in zebrafish larvae...
May 26, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547737/08sg2-osbak1-regulates-grain-size-and-number-and-functions-differently-in-indica-and-japonica-backgrounds-in-rice
#19
Hua Yuan, Shijun Fan, Juan Huang, Shijie Zhan, Shifu Wang, Peng Gao, Weilan Chen, Bin Tu, Bingtian Ma, Yuping Wang, Peng Qin, Shigui Li
BACKGROUND: Both grain size and grain number are significant for rice yield. In the past decade, a number of genes related to grain size and grain number have been documented, however, the regulatory mechanisms underlying them remains ambiguous. RESULTS: We identified a rice small grain (sg2) mutant in an EMS mutant library generated from an indica variety, Shuhui498. Using the MutMap gene mapping strategy, we identified two linkage regions on chromosome 7 and 8, respectively, consistent with the segregation ratios in the F2 population...
December 2017: Rice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547665/comparison-of-endoscopic-ultrasonography-and-magnifying-endoscopy-for-assessment-of-the-invasion-depth-of-shallow-gastrointestinal-neoplasms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Zhang Tao, Chen Yan, He Zhao, Jiawei Tsauo, Xiaowu Zhang, Bing Qiu, Yanqing Zhao, Xiao Li
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a meta-analysis to provide accurate evidence regarding the preferred diagnostic method, magnifying endoscopy (ME) or endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), for assessment of the depth of invasion of the gastrointestinal neoplasms. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Ovid Medline, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched for studies published between January 1946 and October 2016, regarding the use of EUS and ME to assess the invasion depth of gastrointestinal cancers...
May 25, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
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