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Isotretinoin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336160/unexpected-drug-induced-raynaud-phenomenon-analysis-from-the-french-national-pharmacovigilance-database
#1
Émilie Bouquet, Geoffrey Urbanski, Christian Lavigne, Pascale Lainé-Cessac
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between exposure to medicinal products and Raynaud phenomenon. METHODS: The study used the data of all adverse drug reactions notified to the French national pharmacovigilance database. All cases reported between 1st January 1995 and 10th December 2012 were selected. A case/non-case method was used to measure disproportionality of the association between drug exposure and Raynaud phenomenon. The cases concerned all observations involving Raynaud phenomenon...
February 22, 2017: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306713/trypanocidal-effect-of-isotretinoin-through-the-inhibition-of-polyamine-and-amino-acid-transporters-in-trypanosoma-cruzi
#2
Chantal Reigada, Edward A Valera-Vera, Melisa Sayé, Andrea E Errasti, Carla C Avila, Mariana R Miranda, Claudio A Pereira
Polyamines are essential compounds to all living organisms and in the specific case of Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease, they are exclusively obtained through transport processes since this parasite is auxotrophic for polyamines. Previous works reported that retinol acetate inhibits Leishmania growth and decreases its intracellular polyamine concentration. The present work describes a combined strategy of drug repositioning by virtual screening followed by in vitro assays to find drugs able to inhibit TcPAT12, the only polyamine transporter described in T...
March 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295859/adverse-effects-of-isotretinoin-a-large-retrospective-review
#3
Piotr Brzezinski, Katarzyna Borowska, Anca Chiriac, Janusz Smigielski
Acne is a very common and disfiguring disease that affects mostly adolescents and, to some extent, adults. The objective of our study was to estimate the adverse effects after isotretinoin by treatment of 3,525 patients due to acne vulgaris in a 5-year observation. Retrospective, comparative study was carried out in Poland and Romania from January 2012 to August 2016. Inclusion criteria into this study were moderate, severe, and nodulocystic inflammatory acne vulgaris. Exclusion criteria were mild acne, pregnant, and lactating women...
March 14, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291553/isotretinoin-treatment-for-acne-and-risk-of-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Yu-Chen Huang, Ying-Chih Cheng
BACKGROUND: The relationship between isotretinoin treatment for acne and depression is controversial. Quantitative analysis has not yet been conducted. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a meta-analysis, evidence-based examination of the relationship between isotretinoin and depression. METHOD: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature published from inception to September 30, 2016, was conducted. Controlled or prospective non-controlled trials on ≥15 acne patients receiving isotretinoin treatment were included...
March 10, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276005/the-role-of-photodynamic-therapy-in-acne-an-evidence-based-review
#5
REVIEW
Monica Boen, Joshua Brownell, Priyanka Patel, Maria M Tsoukas
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a highly prevalent skin disorder that affects almost all adolescents and can persist into adulthood. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an emerging treatment for acne that involves the use of a photosensitizer in combination with a light source and oxygen. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature and critically evaluated the studies. Sixty-nine clinical trials, four case reports, and two retrospective studies met the inclusion criteria, and seven of the studies were high quality...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261025/the-use-of-isotretinoin-in-low-doses-and-unconventional-treatment-regimens-in-different-types-of-acne-a-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Jolanta D Torzecka, Bożena Dziankowska-Bartkowiak, Zofia Gerlicz-Kowalczuk, Anna Wozniacka
High effectiveness of isotretinoin treatment for severe types of acne resistant to antibiotics has been widely recognized. However, the recommended doses in conventional therapy, according to consensus of the Polish Dermatological Society, may cause serious adverse effects. Thus, research into less stressful, alternative treatment regimens with the use of low doses of isotretinoin has been carried out. The aim of the paper was to review the selected papers where authors present the results of their studies on different regimens with the use of isotretinoin in low doses in patients with acne, evaluate their efficacy, patient satisfaction, frequency of adverse effects, recurrences and also treatment costs...
February 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238164/excessive-serous-retinal-detachment-during-the-use-of-isotretinoin
#7
Mehmet Citirik, Kemal Tekin
PURPOSE: To report a case unilateral excessive subretinal fluid during the use of isotretinoin. METHOD: A case report. A patient who used isotretinoin orally for nodular-cystic acne vulgaris developed concurrent unilaterally excessive subretinal fluid and serous retinal detachment. RESULTS: Fluorescein angiography did not demonstrate the leakage points throughout the subretinal fluid. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography showed the excessive subretinal fluid and serous retinal detachment at macula...
February 25, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231495/drug-induced-panic-attacks-analysis-of-cases-registered-in-the-french-pharmacovigilance-database
#8
Delphine Abadie, Anaïs Essilini, Virginie Fulda, Aurore Gouraud, Mélissa Yéléhé-Okouma, Joëlle Micallef, François Montastruc, Jean Louis Montastruc
BACKGROUND: The potential role of drugs in the onset of panic attacks (PAs) is poorly understood. AIM: The objective of our study was to characterize drug-induced PAs. METHOD: We performed an analysis of PAs registered in the French pharmacovigilance database between 01/01/1985 and 05/11/2014. RESULTS: Among the 163 recorded cases, 136 (83.4%) were directly related to drugs, mainly antidepressants (11.3%, mainly serotonin reuptake inhibitors), mefloquine (7...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223895/rosacea-fulminans-precipitated-by-acute-stress-a-case-report-describing-an-integrative-approach-for-a-patient-reluctant-to-use-isotretinoin
#9
Patrick Veerkamp, Nico Mousdicas, Robert Bednarek
CONTEXT: Rosacea fulminans is a rare skin disorder with a multifactorial etiology. Stress is one of the common precipitating factors of this condition but is not often targeted in treatment. Isotretinoin is considered part of the first-line therapy for this condition but, in cases where its use is restricted, other therapeutic interventions as part of an integrative approach may be effective. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 38-y-old female presented with rosacea fulminans brought on by an acutely stressful event...
December 2016: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222789/is-ccnu-lomustine-valuable-for-treatment-of-cutaneous-epitheliotropic-lymphoma-in-dogs-a-critically-appraised-topic
#10
REVIEW
Aurore Laprais, Thierry Olivry
BACKGROUND: CCNU and other treatment protocols are commonly offered to owners for the treatment of dogs diagnosed with cutaneous (epitheliotropic) T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). Chemotherapy protocols provide variable benefits; they have different side-effects, and they typically require monitoring to detect drug toxicity at a non-negligible cost to the owner. At this time, even though CCNU is most often recommended to treat dogs with CTCL, there is no clear consensus on the benefit of this drug...
February 21, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218465/compliance-with-national-guidelines-on-isotretinoin-where-are-we-2-years-since-the-last-audit-results-of-the-national-isotretinoin-re-audit-2014
#11
L S Exton, S T Cheung, A G Brain, M F Mohd Mustapa, D A R de Berker
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the British Association of Dermatologists (BAD) published clinical guidelines for the safe introduction and continued use of isotretinoin in patients with acne in the UK. The BAD provides UK dermatologists with a facility for national audit, and it undertook an audit on compliance with these guidelines in 2012. AIM: To determine current clinical practices relating to use of isotretinoin among dermatologists in the UK (including geographical variations) as measured against BAD standards, and to ascertain any improvement since the 2012 audit...
February 20, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212783/role-of-topical-dehydroepiandrosterone-in-ameliorating-isotretinoin-induced-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-in-adult-male-albino-rat
#12
Marwa A A Ibrahim, Walaa M Elwan
Isotretinoin broad effectiveness is limited by its detrimental effect on the Meibomian glands. Androgens have been reported to regulate the Meibomian gland function. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is an androgen precursor considered as an efficient and physiological anti-ageing skin agent. This study aimed to investigate the role of the topical DHEA in ameliorating Meibomian gland dysfunction caused by isotretinoin employing different histological and immunohistochemical techniques. Twenty-four adult male albino rats were divided into four equal groups; control group, DHEA-treated group (1% twice daily for 3 months), isotretinoin-treated group (0...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196994/distressing-cutaneous-lesion-among-bipolar-affective-disorder-patients-on-lithium-therapy-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#13
Syed Ummar, B Lakshmi Dorai, Shree Aarthi Ramanathan
AIM: To assess the incidence of cutaneous lesion in bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) patients on lithium therapy. To evaluate the relationship between duration of lithium therapy, dosage of lithium, serum lithium level, and cutaneous lesions. To assess whether reduction/stoppage of dose of lithium has any change in the course of cutaneous side effects. To look for a relationship between addition of isotretinoin and the course of mood disorder. METHODOLOGY: We retrospectively collected hospital case records of 125 consecutive BPAD patients initiated lithium therapy, assessed with inclusion and exclusion criteria...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193374/-isotretinoin-therapy-for-acne-vulgaris-and-first-episode-psychosis-in-an-adolescent-patient
#14
Felipe Valderrama, Andrea Gómez, Diana Restrepo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168623/a-report-of-two-cases-of-solid-facial-edema-in-acne
#15
Sarah Kuhn-Régnier, Joanna Mangana, Katrin Kerl, Jivko Kamarachev, Lars E French, Antonio Cozzio, Alexander A Navarini
INTRODUCTION: Solid facial edema (SFE) is a rare complication of acne vulgaris. To examine the clinical features of acne patients with solid facial edema, and to give an overview on the outcome of previous topical and systemic treatments in the cases so far published. METHODS: We report two cases from Switzerland, both young men with initially papulopustular acne resistant to topical retinoids. RESULTS: Both cases responded to oral isotretinoin, in one case combined with oral steroids...
March 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166095/commentary-on-laser-safety-in-isotretinoin-use
#16
David J Goldberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163542/presumed-isotretinoin-induced-extraocular-myopathy
#17
Md Shahid Alam, Swati Agarwal
Isotretinoin a synthetic analogue of vitamin A is primarily used for cystic acne not responding to conventional treatment. Several ocular side effects including blurring of vision, decreased dark adaptation, corneal opacities and meibomian gland atrophy have been reported with prolonged use of isotretinoin. There have been reports of muscular damage caused by isotretinoin. Extra ocular myopathy as an adverse effect of long term used of isotretinoin has never been mentioned in literature. We report a case of a young male who presented to us with complaints of diplopia after using isotretinoin for a prolonged period...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163455/papular-acne-scars-of-the-nose-and-chin-an-under-recognised-variant-of-acne-scarring
#18
Faisal R Ali, Michael Kirk, Vishal Madan
BACKGROUND: Scarring following acne vulgaris is common and can be of profound psychosocial consequence. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: We have clinically noted a variant of acne scarring, overlooked by previous categorisation schemes, which we have denominated as papular acne scars of the nose and chin. We sought to characterise these novel entities further. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initially, we identified 14 patients with papular acne scars of the nose and chin in a cosmetic dermatology clinic, of whom two were female and rest were male...
October 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163206/anatomy-of-the-human-orbital-muscle-om-features-of-its-detailed-topography-syntopy-and-morphology
#19
Andre Wilden, Janna Feiser, Aliona Wöhler, Zeynep Isik, Habib Bendella, Doychin N Angelov
The human orbital muscle (OM) is not readily accessible during ordinary anatomical teaching because of insufficient time and difficulties encountered in the preparation. Accordingly, its few anatomical descriptions are supported only by drawings, but not by photographs. The aim of this study was to present OM in dissected anatomic specimens in more detail. Following microscope-assisted dissection, its location, syntopy and morphology were analyzed in 88 orbits of 51 cadavers. Together with the periorbital connective tissue OM filled the infraorbital fissure (IOF) and extended back to the cavernous sinus...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158436/increased-prescribing-of-systemic-tetracyclines-and-isotretinoin-for-treatment-of-acne
#20
Ingvild Odsbu, Randi Selmer, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Hege Salvesen Blix
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
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