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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212652/a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-of-nicotine-assisted-smoking-reduction-programmes-delivered-by-community-pharmacists-the-redpharm-study
#1
Amanda Farley, Sarah Tearne, Taina Taskila, Rachel H Williams, Susan Mackaskill, Jean-Francois Etter, Paul Aveyard
BACKGROUND: Pivotal trials have established that, among people who have no immediate intention to quit smoking, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) helps people reduce and eventually stop smoking. The prime aim of this trial was to investigate the feasibility of implementing such a programme in community pharmacies. In addition, we investigated the effectiveness of providing behavioural support compared with self-help methods and of shorter compared with standard length reduction programmes...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198992/a-debate-can-we-recommend-electronic-cigarettes-to-our-patients-opinion-1
#2
Tadeusz M Zielonka
A discussion about disadvantages of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has recently broken out. There are even opinions that they are as harmful as regular cigarettes. However, this has not been proved, and theoretical premises suggest that e-cigarettes should be definitely less harmful as while using them, tobacco is not burned and harmful substances, in particular carcinogens are not produced. Certain premises assume that e-cigarettes may be used as a new form of nicotine replacement therapy, but this has not been confirmed yet...
2017: Adv Respir Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192615/the-impact-of-tv-mass-media-campaigns-on-calls-to-a-national-quitline-and-the-use-of-prescribed-nicotine-replacement-therapy-a-structural-vector-autoregression-analysis
#3
Houra Haghpanahan, Daniel F Mackay, Jill P Pell, David Bell, Tessa Langley, Sally Haw
AIMS: To estimate 1) the immediate impact; 2) the cumulative impact; and 3) the duration of impact of Scottish tobacco control TV mass media campaigns (MMCs) on smoking cessation activity, as measured by calls to Smokeline and the volume of prescribed nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). DESIGN: Multivariate time series analysis using secondary data on population level measures of exposure to TV MMCs broadcast and smoking cessation activity between 2003 and 2012...
February 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192582/use-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-among-adolescents-status-of-the-evidence-and-public-health-recommendations
#4
Aarti D Kamat, Alison L Van Dyke
Although the prevalence of tobacco smoking has been declining in recent years, the use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) such as of electronic cigarettes, vaporizers, and hookahs has been steadily rising, especially among adolescents. ENDS are not only advertised to children, but their sale via the Internet has made them easily accessible to youth. In general, children perceive ENDS as safe, or at least safer than smoking traditional combustible tobacco products; however, exposure to nicotine may have deleterious effects on the developing brain...
February 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190719/feasibility-and-pilot-efficacy-of-a-brief-smoking-cessation-intervention-delivered-by-vascular-surgeons-in-the-vascular-physician-offer-and-report-vapor-trial
#5
Philip P Goodney, Emily L Spangler, Karina Newhall, Benjamin S Brooke, Andres Schanzer, Tze-Woei Tan, Adam W Beck, John H Hallett, Todd A MacKenzie, Maria O Edelen, Andrew W Hoel, Nancy A Rigotti, Alik Farber
BACKGROUND: This study determined the feasibility and potential efficacy of an evidence-based standardized smoking cessation intervention delivered by vascular surgeons to smokers with peripheral arterial disease. METHODS: We performed a cluster-randomized trial of current adult smokers referred to eight vascular surgery practices from September 1, 2014, to July 31, 2015. A three-component smoking cessation intervention (physician advice, nicotine replacement therapy, and telephone-based quitline referral) was compared with usual care...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187830/lack-of-cross-resistance-between-neonicotinoids-and-sulfoxaflor-in-field-strains-of-q-biotype-of-whitefly-bemisia-tabaci-from-eastern-china
#6
Wenlong Wang, Shaoli Wang, Guangjie Han, Yuzhou Du, Jianjun Wang
Control of Bemisia tabaci has depended primarily and heavily on insecticides, especially neonicotinoids. The novel sulfoximine insecticide sulfoxaflor exhibits high potency against a broad range of sap-feeding insect species, including those resistant to neonicotinoids. The resistance levels of Q-biotype B. tabaci field strains collected from 8 locations in eastern China to neonicotinoids and sulfoxaflor were investigated, and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor β1 subunit gene (Btβ1) were detected...
March 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182446/factor-structure-of-the-smoking-cessation-self-efficacy-questionnaire-among-smokers-with-and-without-a-psychiatric-diagnosis
#7
Matthew Clyde, Andrew Pipe, Charl Els, Robert Reid, Heather Tulloch
Cessation self-efficacy has been shown to be a consistent predictor of smoking cessation outcomes. To date, no scale assessing cessation self-efficacy has been validated across smokers with and without a psychiatric diagnosis (current or past). Smokers with a psychiatric diagnosis are typically heavy smokers, have a more difficult time quitting, and are more prone to experience lower self-efficacy. Determining whether smoking cessation self-efficacy scores are invariant across these populations is crucial for future research and intervention strategies...
February 9, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182246/clinical-effectiveness-of-dual-nicotine-replacement-therapy-in-planned-hospital-admissions-to-an-epilepsy-monitoring-unit-an-irish-perspective
#8
Ronan N McGinty, Delphine M Goulding, Marie J McCarthy, Sandra M Moloney, Daniel J Costello, Barry J Plant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173823/effectiveness-of-a-clinical-practice-change-intervention-in-increasing-the-provision-of-nicotine-dependence-treatment-in-inpatient-psychiatric-facilities-an-implementation-trial
#9
Paula M Wye, Emily A Stockings, Jenny A Bowman, Chris Oldmeadow, John H Wiggers
BACKGROUND: Despite clinical practice guidelines recommending the routine provision of nicotine dependence treatment to smokers in inpatient psychiatric facilities, the prevalence of such treatment provision is low. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a clinical practice change intervention in increasing clinician recorded provision of nicotine dependence treatment to patients in inpatient psychiatric facilities. METHODS: We undertook an interrupted time series analysis of nicotine dependence treatment provision before, during and after a clinical practice change intervention to increase clinician recorded provision of nicotine dependence treatment for all hospital discharges (aged >18 years, N = 4175) over a 19 month period in two inpatient adult psychiatric facilities in New South Wales, Australia...
February 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168609/a-comparison-of-the-characteristics-of-ios-and-android-users-of-a-smoking-cessation-app
#10
Harveen Kaur Ubhi, Daniel Kotz, Susan Michie, Onno C P van Schayck, Robert West
iOS and Android smartphone users may differ in ways that affect their use and likelihood of success when using a smoking cessation application (app). If so, it may be necessary to take the device type (iOS and Android) into account when designing smoking cessation apps and in studies evaluating app effectiveness. How do socio-demographic and smoking characteristics, potentially relevant to engagement and cessation outcomes, of the SF28 app users differ between those using the iOS version and those using the Android version? Data were collected between October 2013 and April 2015...
February 6, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166924/-lifestyle-recommendations-for-prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-in-asymptomatic-pregnant-women
#11
E Maisonneuve
OBJECTIVES: To establish recommendations for lifestyle of pregnant women and its impact on spontaneous preterm births. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We searched Pubmed and Cochrane databases and checked reference lists of retrieved studies. This review of the literature concerns only women who have no symptoms for the ongoing pregnancy. RESULTS: Concerning maternal occupation during pregnancy, there is a mild increase of the risk of preterm birth only for women who work more than 40hours a week or who have hard working conditions according to a fatigue score (LE2)...
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166548/nicotine-carcinogen-and-toxin-exposure-in-long-term-e-cigarette-and-nicotine-replacement-therapy-users-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Lion Shahab, Maciej L Goniewicz, Benjamin C Blount, Jamie Brown, Ann McNeill, K Udeni Alwis, June Feng, Lanqing Wang, Robert West
Background: Given the rapid increase in the popularity of e-cigarettes and the paucity of associated longitudinal health-related data, the need to assess the potential risks of long-term use is essential. Objective: To compare exposure to nicotine, tobacco-related carcinogens, and toxins among smokers of combustible cigarettes only, former smokers with long-term e-cigarette use only, former smokers with long-term nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) use only, long-term dual users of both combustible cigarettes and e-cigarettes, and long-term users of both combustible cigarettes and NRT...
February 7, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164165/accuracy-of-self-reported-smoking-exposure-among-bladder-cancer-patients-undergoing-surveillance-at-a-tertiary-referral-center
#13
Alan E Thong, Stacey Petruzella, Irene Orlow, Emily C Zabor, Behfar Ehdaie, Jamie S Ostroff, Bernard H Bochner, Helena Furberg Barnes
BACKGROUND: Smoking is a risk factor for developing bladder cancer (BCa). Even though continued exposure after diagnosis may adversely affect prognosis, patients may be reluctant to disclose to their physicians that they are currently smoking, leading to inaccurate reporting of exposure and missed opportunities to deliver smoking-cessation advice and treatment in the context of cancer care. OBJECTIVE: We examined the extent of misclassification of recent smoking exposure among patients undergoing BCa surveillance...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127273/quit-tobacco-clinics-in-bahrain-smoking-cessation-rates-and-patient-satisfaction
#14
Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Jamil Ahmed, Maha Al-Kawari, Sharifa Bucheeri
BACKGROUND: One third of Bahraini adult males and 7.0% of females use all types of tobacco. The prevalence rates of cigarette and shisha smoking are 11.0 and 6.0%, respectively. Tobacco cessation programs are essential to help smokers quit. The objectives of this study were to determine the quit rates among male attendees of quit tobacco clinics (QTC) in Bahrain and describe related factors. METHODS: We used a cross sectional study design to interview194 male tobacco smokers who had received care from two QTC...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104489/changes-and-factors-associated-with-tobacco-counseling-results-from-the-aap-periodic-survey
#15
Robert McMillen, Karen G O'Connor, Judith Groner, Susanne Tanski, Elyse R Park, Jonathan D Klein
INTRODUCTION: The AAP advises pediatricians to counsel parents and patients who use tobacco to quit. This study assesses changes in counseling between 2004 and 2010, and factors associated with counseling in 2010. METHODS: In 2004 and 2010, the Periodic Survey, a national survey of AAP members, inquired about tobacco counseling. Chi-square tests were performed to compare responses by survey year. Bivariate and multivariable analyses examined factors associated with counseling...
January 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093398/efficacy-and-safety-of-smoking-cessation-interventions-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
Karine Suissa, Jordan Larivière, Mark J Eisenberg, Maria Eberg, Genevieve C Gore, Roland Grad, Lawrence Joseph, Pauline M Reynier, Kristian B Filion
BACKGROUND: Although the efficacy and safety of smoking cessation interventions are well established, their efficacy and safety in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) remain unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pharmacological and behavioral smoking cessation interventions in CVD patients via a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. METHODS AND RESULTS: EMBASE, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Specialized Register were searched for randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy of smoking cessation pharmacotherapies and behavioral therapies in CVD patients...
January 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070620/nicotine-delivery-to-users-from-cigarettes-and-from-different-types-of-e-cigarettes
#17
Peter Hajek, Dunja Przulj, Anna Phillips, Rebecca Anderson, Hayden McRobbie
BACKGROUND: Delivering nicotine in the way smokers seek is likely to be the key factor in e-cigarette (EC) success in replacing cigarettes. We examined to what degree different types of EC mimic nicotine intake from cigarettes. METHODS: Twelve participants ('dual users' of EC and cigarettes) used their own brand cigarette and nine different EC brands. Blood samples were taken at baseline and at 2-min intervals for 10 min and again at 30 min. RESULTS: Eleven smokers provided usable data...
January 9, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063325/a-pilot-trial-of-in-vivo-nrt-sampling-to-increase-medication-adherence-in-community-corrections-smokers
#18
Karen L Cropsey, Peter S Hendricks, Samantha Schiavon, Aaron Sellers, Morgan Froelich, Richard C Shelton, Matthew J Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Individuals in the criminal justice system demonstrate high rates of cigarette use (70-80%) and low adherence to smoking cessation medication. Educational approaches have not been shown to promote adherence or cessation, though medication sampling has boosted both use and cessation. The objective of the present study was to determine whether In vivo nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) sampling approach increases NRT adherence among criminal justice smokers during a subsequent quit attempt...
December 27, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039798/mailed-distribution-of-free-nicotine-patches-without-behavioral-support-predictors-of-use-and-cessation
#19
Vladyslav Kushnir, Beth A Sproule, John A Cunningham
INTRODUCTION: There is growing evidence that the mailed distribution of free nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), usually as part of smokers' helplines, can been effective in increasing the odds of cessation on a population level. However, limited information is available on the utilization of NRT when it is provided for free, and factors associated with regimen adherence have remained largely unexplored. METHODS: In the context of a randomized controlled trial, 500 adult smokers across Canada hypothetically interested in free NRT were mailed a 5week supply of nicotine patches, but no other support was offered...
December 23, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034998/the-methodological-quality-and-effectiveness-of-technology-based-smoking-cessation-interventions-for-disadvantaged-groups-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Veronica C Boland, Emily A Stockings, Richard P Mattick, Hayden McRobbie, Jamie Brown, Ryan J Courtney
AIMS: To assess the methodological quality and effectiveness of technology-based smoking cessation interventions in disadvantaged groups. METHOD: Four databases (EMBASE, Cochrane, Medline, and PsycInfo) were searched for studies conducted from 1980- May 2016. Randomised controlled trials that compared a behavioural smoking cessation intervention delivered primarily through a technology-based platform (e.g. mobile phone) with a no-intervention comparison group among disadvantaged smokers were included...
December 29, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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