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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915815/designing-an-implementation-intervention-with-the-behaviour-change-wheel-for-health-provider-smoking-cessation-care-for-australian-indigenous-pregnant-women
#1
Gillian S Gould, Yael Bar-Zeev, Michelle Bovill, Lou Atkins, Maree Gruppetta, Marilyn J Clarke, Billie Bonevski
BACKGROUND: Indigenous smoking rates are up to 80% among pregnant women: prevalence among pregnant Australian Indigenous women was 45% in 2014, contributing significantly to the health gap for Indigenous Australians. We aimed to develop an implementation intervention to improve smoking cessation care (SCC) for pregnant Indigenous smokers, an outcome to be achieved by training health providers at Aboriginal Medical Services (AMS) in a culturally competent approach, developed collaboratively with AMS...
September 15, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911284/effect-of-nicotine-replacement-therapy-on-mortality-delirium-and-duration-of-therapy-in-critically-ill-smokers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
K T Ng, M Gillies, D M Griffith
Nicotine replacement therapy is widely used in critically ill smokers and its effect on delirium, mortality and duration of intensive care unit (ICU) admission is unknown. The aims of this review were to determine whether the management of nicotine withdrawal with nicotine replacement therapy reduces delirium, mortality or length of stay in critically ill smokers in ICU. The primary outcome was incidence of author-defined ICU delirium. Secondary outcomes were ICU or hospital mortality, ICU-free days at day 28, and ICU or hospital length of stay...
September 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898403/healthcare-financing-systems-for-increasing-the-use-of-tobacco-dependence-treatment
#3
REVIEW
Floor A van den Brand, Gera E Nagelhout, Ayalu A Reda, Bjorn Winkens, Silvia M A A Evers, Daniel Kotz, Onno Cp van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is the leading preventable cause of death worldwide, which makes it essential to stimulate smoking cessation. The financial cost of smoking cessation treatment can act as a barrier to those seeking support. We hypothesised that provision of financial assistance for people trying to quit smoking, or reimbursement of their care providers, could lead to an increased rate of successful quit attempts. This is an update of the original 2005 review. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this review was to assess the impact of reducing the costs for tobacco smokers or healthcare providers for using or providing smoking cessation treatment through healthcare financing interventions on abstinence from smoking...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894502/use-of-smoking-cessation-products-a-survey-of-patients-in-community-pharmacies
#4
Alan Phung, Lauren Luo, Noor Breik, Silvia Alessi-Severini
OBJECTIVES: At 17.3%, smoking rates in Manitoba continue to exceed the national average. In this province, a total health care spending of more than $200 million per year has been attributed to smoking. This study examined the use of smoking cessation agents, including nicotine replacement products and prescription medications, in a sample of smokers in the city of Winnipeg. METHODS: A simple multiple-choice questionnaire was administered to willing individuals attending 2 community pharmacies in Winnipeg, Manitoba...
September 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892544/you-can-reduce-secondhand-smoke-exposure-prescribing-nicotine-replacement-in-the-pediatrician-s-office
#5
Sabrina Fernandez
It is universally known that secondhand smoke is detrimental to children's health. There is emerging research about the negative effects of thirdhand smoke as well. Most pediatricians focus on the child's medical evaluation and treatment, without considering other family members as it impacts the child's health. Screening rates for secondhand smoke exposure are low to begin with, and when we find a family member who is smoking, most pediatricians feel comfortable counseling and referring, but many do not know how to prescribe nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)...
September 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885300/use-of-smoking-cessation-methods-among-patients-receiving-office-based-buprenorphine-maintenance-treatment
#6
Pooja A Shah, Chinazo O Cunningham, Mia T Brisbane, Joseph P DeLuca, Shadi Nahvi
OBJECTIVES: Provision of smoking-cessation treatment is limited in office-based buprenorphine maintenance treatment (BMT) settings. This study describes smoking and smoking-cessation behaviors among patients receiving office-based BMT. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of patients receiving office-based BMT at a community health center in the Bronx, NY. We interviewed patients assessing sociodemographic, and substance use and tobacco use characteristics, including methods used for smoking cessation...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884473/pharmacotherapy-for-smoking-cessation-effects-by-subgroup-defined-by-genetically-informed-biomarkers
#7
REVIEW
Ewoud Schuit, Orestis A Panagiotou, Marcus R Munafò, Derrick A Bennett, Andrew W Bergen, Sean P David
BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation therapies are not effective for all smokers, and researchers are interested in identifying those subgroups of individuals (e.g. based on genotype) who respond best to specific treatments. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether quit rates vary by genetically informed biomarkers within pharmacotherapy treatment arms and as compared with placebo. To assess the effects of pharmacotherapies for smoking cessation in subgroups of smokers defined by genotype for identified genome-wide significant polymorphisms...
September 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882123/electronic-cigarette-use-behaviors-and-motivations-among-smokers-and-non-smokers
#8
Thomas E Sussan, Fatima G Shahzad, Eefa Tabassum, Joanna E Cohen, Robert A Wise, Michael J Blaha, Janet T Holbrook, Shyam Biswal
BACKGROUND: The use of electronic cigarettes (EC) has risen exponentially over the past decade, including among never smokers, and ECs are now the most popular tobacco product among teenagers in the US. While, EC manufacturers utilize numerous marketing strategies to target both smokers and non-smokers, it is unclear how perceptions and behaviors differ between these two groups. METHODS: We conducted a survey of 320 adults either via online surveys or in Baltimore vape shops to determine demographics, behaviors, perceptions, and motivations underlying use of ECs...
September 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877684/medical-and-sociodemographic-factors-predict-persistent-smoking-after-coronary-events
#9
Elise Sverre, Jan Erik Otterstad, Erik Gjertsen, Lars Gullestad, Einar Husebye, Toril Dammen, Torbjørn Moum, John Munkhaugen
BACKGROUND: Understanding the determinants of persistent smoking after a coronary event constitutes the basis of modelling interventions of smoking cessation in secondary prevention programs. We aim to identify the potentially modifiable medical, sociodemographic and psychosocial factors, comprising the study factors, associated with unfavourable risk factor control after CHD events. METHODS: A cross-sectional explorative study used logistic regression analysis to investigate the association between study factors and smoking status in 1083 patients hospitalized with myocardial infarction and/or coronary revascularization...
September 6, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859486/an-appraisal-of-practice-guidelines-for-smoking-cessation-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#10
Ratika Sharma, Kristel Alla, Daniel Pfeffer, Carla Meurk, Pauline Ford, Steve Kisely, Coral Gartner
OBJECTIVE: To review the quality of current smoking cessation guidelines that include recommendations for people with severe mental illness. METHODS: A systematic search of scientific databases, central government health authority websites, psychiatry peak bodies, guideline clearing houses and Google was undertaken for relevant smoking cessation guidelines. Three reviewers independently assessed guideline quality using the AGREE II (Appraisal of Guidelines for REsearch and Evaluation II) instrument...
August 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857640/smoking-cessation-among-methadone-maintained-patients-a-meta-analysis
#11
Anne Yee, Moey Chee Hoong, Yong Chen Joyce, Huai Seng Loh
BACKGROUND: Nicotine use disorder is highly prevalent among methadone maintenance patients with its tobacco-related problems. However, the treatment modalities for nicotine use disorder remain limited. OBJECTIVE: Our meta-analysis aims to examine the effectiveness of smoking cessation treatment in this group of patients. METHODS: A total of 1358 participants were recruited from 9 eligible studies, published from the start of studies in this field till Feb 2016, identified from PubMed, OVID, EMBASE and Google Scholar databases...
August 31, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833834/estimates-of-effectiveness-and-reach-for-return-on-investment-modelling-of-smoking-cessation-interventions-using-data-from-england
#12
Robert West, Kathryn Coyle, Lesley Owen, Doug Coyle, Subhash Pokhrel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Estimating 'return on investment' (ROI) from smoking cessation interventions requires reach and effectiveness parameters for interventions for use in economic models such as the EQUIPT ROI tool (http://roi.equipt.eu). This paper describes the derivation of these parameter estimates for England that can be adapted to create ROI models for use by other countries. METHODS: Estimates were derived for interventions in terms of their reach and effectiveness in: 1) promoting quit attempts, and 2) improving the success of quit attempts (abstinence for at least 12 months)...
August 18, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832435/never-quit-trying-reengaging-tobacco-users-in-statewide-cessation-services
#13
Katrina A Vickerman, Paula A Keller, Mona Deprey, Randi B Lachter, Jacalyn Jenssen, Marietta Dreher
CONTEXT: Tobacco dependence is well established as a chronic condition typically requiring numerous quit attempts. Tobacco users are unlikely to return to the same cessation program on their own. OBJECTIVE: This program evaluation examined the effectiveness of using multiple outreach methods to reengage tobacco users in a statewide cessation program at varying time points after their initial program enrollment. DESIGN: Participants were randomized to receive or not receive reengagement outreach...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817864/tobacco-cessation-strategies-it-takes-a-village
#14
Debbie Anne Chiu Qua
Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death and chronic diseases in the U.S. Identifying smokers and providing appropriate intervention is therefore an integral part of each clinic visit. A combination of pharmacotherapy as well as behavioral counseling provides the best results. Pharmacotherapy includes nicotine replacement (patch, gum, lozenges), bupropion and varenicline. More recently, electronic nicotinic delivery systems (such as e-cigarettes, vaporizers/vape pens, and hookah pens) have become popular...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817320/tobacco-industry-research-on-nicotine-replacement-therapy-if-anyone-is-going-to-take-away-our-business-it-should-be-us
#15
Dorie Apollonio, Stanton A Glantz
Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is recommended for tobacco cessation on the basis of pharmaceutical industry research showing its effectiveness when combined with counseling. The tobacco industry opposed NRT when it first appeared in the 1980s but by 2016 was marketing its own NRT products. We used internal tobacco industry documents dated 1960 through 2010 to identify the industry's perceptions of NRT. As early as the 1950s, tobacco companies developed nonsmoked nicotine replacements for cigarettes, but they stopped out of concern that marketing such products would trigger Food and Drug Administration regulation of cigarettes...
October 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810442/evaluation-of-a-web-based-cognitive-behavioral-smoking-cessation-treatment-for-overweight-obese-smokers
#16
Marney A White, Valentina Ivezaj, Carlos M Grilo
This pilot study tested the efficacy of an Internet-administered smoking cessation treatment for overweight/obese smokers. Participants were 54 community volunteers with overweight/obesity who were regular smokers. Treatment consisted of 12 weeks of nicotine replacement therapy and randomization to Internet-administered cognitive behavioral treatment or health education. In-person assessments of key outcomes occurred at baseline, post-treatment, and at 24-week follow-up. Cessation rates did not differ across the two treatments (25...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808506/the-knowledge-concerns-and-healthcare-practices-among-physicians-regarding-electronic-cigarettes
#17
Venkatkiran Kanchustambham, Swetha Saladi, Jonathan Rodrigues, Hermina Fernandes, Setu Patolia, Sadhashiv Santosh
Background: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are battery-powered devices that deliver aerosolized nicotine. With easy access and over-the-counter availability, many patients consider using electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation. Few studies have looked at long-term safety/efficacy and physician knowledge/attitudes toward e-cigarettes. Physicians have insufficient guidelines for advising their patients about e-cigarettes. Objective: 1) To identify knowledge and attitude of health care practitioners toward electronic cigarettes...
July 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805074/comparing-the-new-york-state-smokers-quitline-reach-services-offered-and-quit-outcomes-to-44-other-state-quitlines-2010-to-2015
#18
Nathan Mann, James Nonnemaker, LeTonya Chapman, Asma Shaikh, Jesse Thompson, Harlan Juster
PURPOSE: To summarize the reach, services offered, and cessation outcomes of the New York Quitline and compare with other state quitlines. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Forty-five US states. PARTICIPANTS: State-sponsored tobacco cessation quitlines in 45 US states that provided complete data to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Quitline Data Warehouse (NQDW) for 24 quarters over 6 years (2010-Q1 through 2015-Q4)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804929/factors-moderating-the-relative-effectiveness-of-varenicline-and-nicotine-replacement-therapy-in-clients-using-smoking-cessation-services
#19
Neil Walker, Heather Gainforth, Vasiliki Kiparoglou, Hayley Robinson, Hugo van Woerden, Robert West
AIMS: To assess how far the greater effectiveness of varenicline over nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is moderated by characteristics of the smokers or setting in clinical practice. DESIGN: We used observational data from 22,472 treatment episodes between 2013 and 2016 from smoking cessation services in England to assess whether differences between varenicline and NRT were moderated by a set of smoker and setting characteristics: these included level of social deprivation, age, gender, ethnic group, nicotine dependence, and treatment context...
August 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780913/maintaining-abstinence-from-smoking-after-a-period-of-enforced-abstinence-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-analysis-of-behaviour-change-techniques-with-a-focus-on-mental-health
#20
L S Brose, E Simonavicius, A McNeill
BACKGROUND: Smoking prevalence is doubled among people with mental health problems and reaches 80% in inpatient, substance misuse and prison settings, widening inequalities in morbidity and mortality. As more institutions become smoke-free but most smokers relapse immediately post-discharge, we aimed to review interventions to maintain abstinence post-discharge. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Web of Science were searched from inception to May 2016 and randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies conducted with adult smokers in prison, inpatient mental health or substance use treatment included...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Medicine
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