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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288601/babies-living-safe-smokefree-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multilevel-multimodal-behavioral-intervention-to-reduce-low-income-children-s-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#1
Bradley N Collins, Stephen J Lepore
BACKGROUND: Addressing children's tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) remains a public health priority. However, there is low uptake and ineffectiveness of treatment, particularly in low-income populations that face numerous challenges to smoking behavior change. A multilevel intervention combining system-level health messaging and advice about TSE delivered at community clinics that disseminate the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), combined with nicotine replacement and intensive multimodal, individual-level behavioral intervention may improve TSE control efforts in such high-risk populations...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283988/nicotine-population-pharmacokinetics-in-healthy-adult-smokers-a-retrospective-analysis
#2
Mathilde Marchand, Patrick Brossard, Henri Merdjan, Nicola Lama, Rolf Weitkunat, Frank Lüdicke
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Characterizing nicotine pharmacokinetics is challenging in the presence of background exposure. We performed a combined retrospective population pharmacokinetic analysis of 8 trials, including exposure to Tobacco Heating System and cigarettes (both inhaled), nicotine nasal spray and oral nicotine gum. METHOD: Data from 4 single product use trials were used to develop a population pharmacokinetic model with Phoenix(®) NLME™ and to derive exposure parameters...
March 10, 2017: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282080/-smoking-rates-among-students-of-medicine-at-a-university-institute-in-buenos-aires-cross-section-study
#3
Lucas E Gonzalez, Nicolás A Lescano, Sergio A Terrasa, María V Salgado
INTRODUCTION: Argentina has a smoking rate among adults of 22.1%; previous research has shown medical students smoke at the same rate than the general population. Physicians' smoking status affects their ability to provide anti-smoking advice. METHODS: Observational cross-sectional study. In 2011 a survey was administered to medical students at Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires School of Medicine asking about demographic and tobacco use characteristics, and knowledge and attitudes toward smoking...
July 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270392/qualitative-analysis-of-young-adult-ends-users-expectations-and-experiences
#4
Janet Hoek, Johannes Thrul, Pamela Ling
OBJECTIVES: Despite extensive research into the determinants of electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) uptake, few studies have examined the psychosocial benefits ENDS users seek and experience. Using a consumer ritual framework, we explored how ENDS users recreated or replaced smoking practices, and considered implications for smoking cessation. DESIGN: In-depth interviews; data analysed using thematic analysis. SETTING: Dunedin, New Zealand...
March 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264577/-centers-for-tobacco-dependent-in-the-czech-republic-in-2016
#5
Kamila Zvolská, Eva Králíková
This article sums up the evaluation of the intensive specialized treatment of tobacco dependence in the Czech Republic according to international guidelines and the ratified Framework Convention on Tobacco Control of the World Health Organization. 36 centers (100 %) were evaluated in 2016 and compared with the same survey from 2012.Most of the centers (24 of 36) are based at pulmonary clinics, opening hours for the smokers are on average 7 hours/week (0.5-40.0, SD ± 9, median 4). Average number of new patients is 55/year per center (2-449, SD ± 77...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264573/-smoking-during-pregnancy-effects-on-mother-and-child-the-treatment-options-for-tobacco-dependence
#6
Karolína Adamcová
The negative effect of smoking on fertility and also on pregnancy has been proved by many studies. Harmful substances in cigarette smoke penetrate to the fetus of a pregnant woman and cause serious complications. In the postnatal development of these children serious diseases are much more likely to occur. A pregnant smoker should therefore quit smoking as soon as possible. Nicotine replacement therapy is the first line pharmacotherapy in pregnancy as a safer solution than continued smoking.
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257667/combination-nicotine-replacement-therapy-strategies-for-initiation-and-tapering
#7
Stephanie L Hsia, Mark G Myers, Timothy C Chen
Several studies and meta-analyses have demonstrated the efficacy of combination nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) for patients who wish to quit smoking. However, there is limited guidance with respect to initiation and tapering of combination NRT. We attempt to review the evidence and rationale behind combination NRT, present the dosing used in combination NRT studies, and propose a step-down approach for tapering of combination NRT with integration of behavioral strategies.
April 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252509/providing-tobacco-treatment-in-a-community-mental-health-setting-a-pilot-study
#8
Chizimuzo T C Okoli, Dia A Mason, Angela Brumley-Shelton, Heather Robertson
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with mental illnesses (MIs) are disproportionately affected by tobacco-related disease burden because of higher tobacco use prevalence and poor tobacco treatment outcomes. This pilot study examines the outcomes of delivering an evidence-based tobacco treatment program (the Cooper-Clayton program) in a community mental health setting. DESIGN: A prospective nonequivalent group design was used to assess outcomes. SAMPLE: This study included 47 participants, of which 19 were in a community mental health setting and 28 were from two non-mental-health settings...
January 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239942/extended-treatment-for-cigarette-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-control-trial
#9
Jennifer R Laude, Steffani R Bailey, Erin Crew, Ann Varady, Anna Lembke, Danielle McFall, Anna Jeon, Diana Killen, Joel D Killen, Sean P David
AIM: To test the potential benefit of extending cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) relative to not extending CBT on long-term abstinence from smoking. DESIGN: Two-group parallel randomised controlled trial. Patients were randomized to receive non-extended CBT (n = 111) or extended CBT (n = 112) following a 26-week open-label treatment. SETTING: Community clinic in the USA. PARTICIPANTS: 219 smokers (mean age: 43 years; mean cigarettes/day: 18)...
February 26, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224877/-helping-people-to-give-up-smoking-efficacy-and-safety-of-smoking-cessation-interventions
#10
R C van de Graaf, O C P van Schayck
- This review evaluates the safety and efficacy of, smoking cessation interventions.- Behavioural counselling is the cornerstone of smoking cessation programmes.- This counselling can be supplemented with written self-help materials, telephone counselling and e-health tailored to individual patient preferences.- Behavioural counselling may be combined with pharmacotherapy for increased effectiveness. First choice is a combination of a nicotine patch and a nicotine lozenge or chewing gum, mainly because of the favourable side-effect profile...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215231/use-of-varenicline-in-smokeless-tobacco-cessation-influences-sleep-quality-and-dream-recall-frequency-but-not-dream-affect
#11
Francesca Polini, Rosastella Principe, Serena Scarpelli, Francesca Clementi, Luigi De Gennaro
OBJECTIVE: Varenicline (VCL) treatment has become popular as a part of smoking-cessation therapies, even though its possible implications in neuropsychiatric adverse events include abnormal sleep and nightmares. Our study is the first aimed at prospectively investigating changes in sleep and dream measures across such treatment by using a one week sleep diary and collecting dream recall (DR). METHODS: Thirty-eight smokers participated in two different effective smoking-cessation programs: 25 subjects received VCL, 13 subjects received nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212652/a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-of-nicotine-assisted-smoking-reduction-programmes-delivered-by-community-pharmacists-the-redpharm-study
#12
Amanda Farley, Sarah Tearne, Taina Taskila, Rachel H Williams, Susan Mackaskill, Jean-Francois Etter, Paul Aveyard
BACKGROUND: Pivotal trials have established that, among people who have no immediate intention to quit smoking, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) helps people reduce and eventually stop smoking. The prime aim of this trial was to investigate the feasibility of implementing such a programme in community pharmacies. In addition, we investigated the effectiveness of providing behavioural support compared with self-help methods and of shorter compared with standard length reduction programmes...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198992/a-debate-can-we-recommend-electronic-cigarettes-to-our-patients-opinion-1
#13
Tadeusz M Zielonka
A discussion about disadvantages of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has recently broken out. There are even opinions that they are as harmful as regular cigarettes. However, this has not been proved, and theoretical premises suggest that e-cigarettes should be definitely less harmful as while using them, tobacco is not burned and harmful substances, in particular carcinogens are not produced. Certain premises assume that e-cigarettes may be used as a new form of nicotine replacement therapy, but this has not been confirmed yet...
2017: Adv Respir Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192615/the-impact-of-tv-mass-media-campaigns-on-calls-to-a-national-quitline-and-the-use-of-prescribed-nicotine-replacement-therapy-a-structural-vector-autoregression-analysis
#14
Houra Haghpanahan, Daniel F Mackay, Jill P Pell, David Bell, Tessa Langley, Sally Haw
AIMS: To estimate 1) the immediate impact; 2) the cumulative impact; and 3) the duration of impact of Scottish tobacco control TV mass media campaigns (MMCs) on smoking cessation activity, as measured by calls to Smokeline and the volume of prescribed nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). DESIGN: Multivariate time series analysis using secondary data on population level measures of exposure to TV MMCs broadcast and smoking cessation activity between 2003 and 2012...
February 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192582/use-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-among-adolescents-status-of-the-evidence-and-public-health-recommendations
#15
Aarti D Kamat, Alison L Van Dyke
Although the prevalence of tobacco smoking has been declining in recent years, the use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) such as of electronic cigarettes, vaporizers, and hookahs has been steadily rising, especially among adolescents. ENDS are not only advertised to children, but their sale via the Internet has made them easily accessible to youth. In general, children perceive ENDS as safe, or at least safer than smoking traditional combustible tobacco products; however, exposure to nicotine may have deleterious effects on the developing brain...
February 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190719/feasibility-and-pilot-efficacy-of-a-brief-smoking-cessation-intervention-delivered-by-vascular-surgeons-in-the-vascular-physician-offer-and-report-vapor-trial
#16
Philip P Goodney, Emily L Spangler, Karina Newhall, Benjamin S Brooke, Andres Schanzer, Tze-Woei Tan, Adam W Beck, John H Hallett, Todd A MacKenzie, Maria O Edelen, Andrew W Hoel, Nancy A Rigotti, Alik Farber
BACKGROUND: This study determined the feasibility and potential efficacy of an evidence-based standardized smoking cessation intervention delivered by vascular surgeons to smokers with peripheral arterial disease. METHODS: We performed a cluster-randomized trial of current adult smokers referred to eight vascular surgery practices from September 1, 2014, to July 31, 2015. A three-component smoking cessation intervention (physician advice, nicotine replacement therapy, and telephone-based quitline referral) was compared with usual care...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187830/lack-of-cross-resistance-between-neonicotinoids-and-sulfoxaflor-in-field-strains-of-q-biotype-of-whitefly-bemisia-tabaci-from-eastern-china
#17
Wenlong Wang, Shaoli Wang, Guangjie Han, Yuzhou Du, Jianjun Wang
Control of Bemisia tabaci has depended primarily and heavily on insecticides, especially neonicotinoids. The novel sulfoximine insecticide sulfoxaflor exhibits high potency against a broad range of sap-feeding insect species, including those resistant to neonicotinoids. The resistance levels of Q-biotype B. tabaci field strains collected from 8 locations in eastern China to neonicotinoids and sulfoxaflor were investigated, and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor β1 subunit gene (Btβ1) were detected...
March 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182446/factor-structure-of-the-smoking-cessation-self-efficacy-questionnaire-among-smokers-with-and-without-a-psychiatric-diagnosis
#18
Matthew Clyde, Andrew Pipe, Charl Els, Robert Reid, Heather Tulloch
Cessation self-efficacy has been shown to be a consistent predictor of smoking cessation outcomes. To date, no scale assessing cessation self-efficacy has been validated across smokers with and without a psychiatric diagnosis (current or past). Smokers with a psychiatric diagnosis are typically heavy smokers, have a more difficult time quitting, and are more prone to experience lower self-efficacy. Determining whether smoking cessation self-efficacy scores are invariant across these populations is crucial for future research and intervention strategies...
March 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182246/clinical-effectiveness-of-dual-nicotine-replacement-therapy-in-planned-hospital-admissions-to-an-epilepsy-monitoring-unit-an-irish-perspective
#19
Ronan N McGinty, Delphine M Goulding, Marie J McCarthy, Sandra M Moloney, Daniel J Costello, Barry J Plant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173823/effectiveness-of-a-clinical-practice-change-intervention-in-increasing-the-provision-of-nicotine-dependence-treatment-in-inpatient-psychiatric-facilities-an-implementation-trial
#20
Paula M Wye, Emily A Stockings, Jenny A Bowman, Chris Oldmeadow, John H Wiggers
BACKGROUND: Despite clinical practice guidelines recommending the routine provision of nicotine dependence treatment to smokers in inpatient psychiatric facilities, the prevalence of such treatment provision is low. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a clinical practice change intervention in increasing clinician recorded provision of nicotine dependence treatment to patients in inpatient psychiatric facilities. METHODS: We undertook an interrupted time series analysis of nicotine dependence treatment provision before, during and after a clinical practice change intervention to increase clinician recorded provision of nicotine dependence treatment for all hospital discharges (aged >18 years, N = 4175) over a 19 month period in two inpatient adult psychiatric facilities in New South Wales, Australia...
February 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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