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Stephanie Kletting, Sarah Barthold, Urska Repnik, Gareth Griffiths, Brigitta Loretz, Nicole Schneider-Daum, Cristiane de Souza Carvalho-Wodarz, Claus-Michael Lehr
The air-blood barrier is mainly composed of alveolar epithelial cells and macrophages. Whereas the epithelium acts as a diffusional barrier, macrophages represent an immunological barrier, in particular for larger molecules and nanoparticles. This paper describes a new co-culture of human cell lines representing both cell types. Acquiring, culturing and maintaining primary alveolar epithelial cells presents significant logistical and technical difficulties. The recently established human alveolar epithelial lentivirus immortalized cell line, hAELVi, when grown on permeable filters, form monolayers with high functional and morphological resemblance to alveolar type I cells...
November 23, 2017: ALTEX
Ramachandran Ishwarya, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Subramanian Kalyani, Balan Banumathi, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Naiyf S Alharbi, Shine Kadaikunnan, Mohammed N Al-Anbr, Jamal M Khaled, Giovanni Benelli
The bioactivity of semiconductor nanocomplexes has been poorly studied in the field of pesticide science. In this research, the synthesis of zinc nanoparticles was accomplished through new effortless green chemistry process, using the Ulva lactuca seaweed extract as a reducing and capping agent. The production of U. lactuca-fabricated ZnO nanoparticles (Ul-ZnO Nps) was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-visible, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, selected area electron diffraction (SAED) analysis and transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Ying Cheng, Megharaj Mallavarapu, Ravi Naidu, Zuliang Chen
Improving the anode configuration to enhance biocompatibility and accelerate electron shuttling is critical for efficient energy recovery in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). In this paper, green reduced graphene nanocomposite was successfully coated using layer-by-layer assembly technique onto carbon brush anode. The modified anode achieved a 3.2-fold higher power density of 33.7 W m(-3) at a current density of 69.4 A m(-3) with a 75% shorter start period. As revealed in the characterization, the green synthesized nanocomposite film affords larger surface roughness for microbial colonization...
November 13, 2017: Chemosphere
Jorge A Donadelli, Fernando S García Einschlag, Enzo Laurenti, Giuliana Magnacca, Luciano Carlos
Peroxidase immobilization onto magnetic supports is considered an innovative strategy for the development of technologies that involves enzymes in wastewater treatment. In this work, magnetic biocatalysts were prepared by immobilization of soybean peroxidase (SBP) onto different silica-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles. The obtained magnetic biocatalysts were tested for the degradation of malachite green (MG), a pollutant often found in industrial wastewaters and with significant drawbacks for the human and environmental health...
November 20, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Tao Jia, Jungyoon Choi, Jéremy Ciccione, Maxime Henry, Ahmad Mehdi, Jean Martinez, Béatrice Eymin, Gilles Subra, Jean-Luc Coll
Angiogenesis strongly depends on the activation of integrins, especially integrin αvβ3, and of neuropilin-1 (NRP-1), a co-receptor of VEGFR2. Dual-targeted molecules that simultaneously block both of them are expected have increased anti-angiogenic and antitumor activity. Toward this goal, we generated bifunctional 40 nm-sized silica nanoparticles (NPs) coated with controlled amounts of cRGD and ATWLPPR peptides and studied their affinity, selectivity and biological activity in HUVECs. Sub-nanomolar concentrations of NPs grafted either with ATWLPPR alone or in combination with cRGD exhibit potent and specific antagonist activity against VEGFR2/AKT signaling...
October 29, 2017: Biomaterials
Zhuang Liu, Shengjian Zhang, Han Lin, Menglong Zhao, Heliang Yao, Linlin Zhang, Weijun Peng, Yu Chen
The fabrication of functional nanoparticles with unique ultra-sensitivity to endogenous tumor microenvironment (TME) is of great significance for their improved theranostic performance and easy excretion out of the body, which has not been realized among diverse nano-sized photothermal agents for photothermal therapy (PTT) of tumor. In this work, we report on the synthesis of 2D ultrathin MnO2 nanosheets for highly efficient PTT against tumor with ultra-sensitivity to endogenous TME. These ultrathin 2D MnO2 nanosheets show the intriguing characteristic of disintegration and releasing of Mn(2+) in response to the mild acidic condition and elevated reducing microenvironment of TME, which has successfully realized the pH- and reducing-responsive T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of tumor...
November 14, 2017: Biomaterials
Fanny E K Okaikue-Woodi, Sabrina E Kelch, Michael P Schmidt, Carmen Enid Martinez, Randall E Youngman, Ludmilla Aristilde
Smectite clay nanoparticles are implicated in the retention of antimicrobials within soils and sediments; these clays are also inspected as drug carriers in physiological systems. Cation exchange is considered the primary adsorption mechanism of antimicrobials within smectite nanopores. However, a dual role of acid-base chemistry and adsorptive structures is speculated by recent studies. Using the prototypical smectite clay montmorillonite, we employed a combination of X-ray diffraction (XRD), nuclear magnetic resonance, attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and molecular dynamics simulations to investigate the interlayer nanopore trapping of two structurally-different fluoroquinolone (FQ) antimicrobials with similar acid-base chemistry: ciprofloxacin (a first-generation FQ) and moxifloxacin (a third-generation FQ)...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Haleema Alamri, Abdullah Al-Shahrani, Enrico Bovero, Turki Khaldi, Gasan Alabedi, Waleed Obaid, Ihsan Al-Taie, Aziz Fihri
Inspired by the self-cleaning lotus leaf, a facile method of fabricating superhydrophobic silica coated magnetite nanoparticles using a cost-effective process is presented in this work. The structural characterizations and magnetic properties of the obtained core-shell magnetic nanoparticles were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). TEM analysis revealed that the particles present flower-like dendrimeric fibers morphology...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Haicui Lu, Jizhang Chen, Qinghua Tian
Wearable electronics are developing rapidly in recent years. In this work, we develop a cost-effective, facile, and scalable approach to transform insulating cotton textile to highly conductive Ni-coated cotton textile (NCT). In order to verify the feasibility of NCT as a flexible current collector for wearable supercapacitors, we electrodeposit low-crystalline Ni-Al layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanoparticles onto the NCT. The obtained NCT@NiAl-LDH shows high specific capacitance (935.2 mF cm(-2)), superior rate capability, and good cyclability...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Shiyu Yan, Wenyi Gu, Bing Zhang, Barbara E Rolfe, Zhi Ping Xu
Effective adjuvants in anti-tumour vaccine formulations are very important in the development of new-generation vaccines. In this study, two layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanomaterial forms, i.e. nanoparticles (NPs) and nanosheets (NSs), were synthesised and examined as adjuvants to provoke the immune responses for anti-tumour purpose. Immunogen ovalbumin (OVA) delivered by both nanomaterials induced much stronger humoral and cell-medicated immune responses, together with an immune stimulant (TLR9 ligand CpG), as evidenced by higher levels of IgG1, IgG2a and interferon-γ...
November 23, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Yi Li, Rui Lu, Jinyou Shen, Weiqing Han, Xiuyun Sun, Jiansheng Li, Lianjun Wang
A flexible 3D hybrid PC/Ag surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate was fabricated through the combination of electrospinning and in situ chemical reduction. Due to the rough surface morphology and the intricate 3D structure, a high density of Raman "hotspots" was formed at the junctions of cross-linked nanofibers, resulting in excellent sensitivity to a probe molecule (4-aminothiophenol). The nanofibers were modified with l-cysteine to capture TNT molecules by the formation of a Meisenheimer complex, after which positively charged 4-ATP-labelled AgNPs were introduced to the system, which both generated more hotspots and led to a linear relationship between the TNT concentration and the SERS intensity of the labelled molecules...
November 23, 2017: Analyst
Jing Liu, Jingyi Zeng, Yaping Tian, Nandi Zhou
A lateral flow strip biosensor for fast, sensitive, low-cost and on-site detection of kanamycin was developed by using kanamycin-specific aptamer-modified gold nanoparticles (AuNPs-apt) as a probe and oligonucleotide DNA1-modified silver nanoparticles (AgNPs-DNA1) as a signal amplification element. Through the complementary sequences of DNA1 and the aptamer, the AgNP-DNA1-apt-AuNPs complex can be formed and further captured on the test zone of the strip, where a capture probe DNA2 complementary to the 3'-terminal of DNA1 was immobilized...
November 23, 2017: Analyst
Hua Zhang, Yanan Yuan, Yunyun Sun, Can Niu, Fengxia Qiao, Hongyuan Yan
A new ionic liquid-magnetic graphene (IL-MG) composite was used as the adsorbent in magnetic dispersive solid-phase extraction to rapidly extract and isolate triazine herbicides from surface water. IL-MG was synthesized by a simple and time-saving one-pot strategy where the synthesis of magnetic Fe3O4, the modification with an IL, and the reduction of graphene oxide to graphene were conducted at the same time. An IL was applied to enrich the interaction mechanism between IL-MG and analytes (π-π, hydrophobic interaction, and electrostatic interaction)...
November 23, 2017: Analyst
Song Yeul Lee, Min Lin, Aeju Lee, Yong Il Park
Lanthanide-doped nanoparticles exhibit unique optical properties, such as a long luminescence lifetime (up to several milliseconds), sharp emission peaks, and upconversion luminescence over the range of wavelengths from near-infrared to visible. Exploiting these optical properties, lanthanide-doped nanoparticles have been widely utilized for cellular and small animal imaging with the absence of background autofluorescence. In addition, these nanoparticles have advantages of high signal-to-noise ratio for highly sensitive and selective diagnostic detection...
November 23, 2017: Nanomaterials
Yan Liu, Xiaoyi Shen
Surface-modified magnetic Ni2.33Fe alloy nanoparticles were prepared using a hydrothermal method. Thermogravimetric analysis (TG) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) tests demonstrated that the surface was successfully modified by sodium citrate. The surface-modified particles can be used for removing nickel ions from aqueous solution. The adsorption kinetics studies were performed and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model successfully described the kinetic data. The diffusion model indicated the adsorption was regulated by both surface and intraparticle diffusion processes...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Delia Teresa Sponza, Gökçe Güney
In this study, the degradations of 2,3,4,5,6-pentabromotoluene (PBT), 2,3,4,5,6-pentabromoethyl benzene (PBEB), triclosan (TCS) and gemfibrozil (GFZ) in raw hospital wastewater were investigated with cerium (IV) oxide and titanium (IV) oxide nanoparticles considering the mechanisms of adsorption, photolysis, and photocatalysis with UV-C lamps. The effects of nano-CeO2 and nano-TiO2 concentrations, irradiation times, UV light powers and hospital wastewater pH on the photodegradation yields of micropollutants namely PBT, PBEB, TCS and GFZ were investigated throughout photocatalysis...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Eun-Jung Park, Sang Jin Lee, Gwang-Hee Lee, Dong-Wan Kim, Cheolho Yoon, Byoung-Seok Lee, Younghun Kim, Jaerak Chang, Kyuhong Lee
Nanoparticles (NPs) have recently emerged as an inhalable pollutant, owing to their applications, aluminum-based NPs (Al-NPs) have been prioritized for toxicity testing. In the current study, we compared the pulmonary biopersistence and subsequent toxicity of four different types of Al-NPs (two rod-type aluminum oxide NPs [AlONPs] with different aspect ratios [short (S)- and long (L)-AlONPs], spherical aluminum cerium oxide NPs [AlCeO3 , AlCeONPs] and spherical γ-aluminum oxide hydroxide nanoparticles [AlOOHNPs]) 13weeks after a single intratracheal instillation, considering the importance of their properties in their toxicity...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
Natalia Sizochenko, Alicja Mikolajczyk, Karolina Jagiello, Tomasz Puzyn, Jerzy Leszczynski, Bakhtiyor Rasulev
Application of predictive modeling approaches can solve the problem of missing data. Numerous studies have investigated the effects of missing values on qualitative or quantitative modeling, but only a few studies have discussed it for the case of applications in nanotechnology-related data. The present study is aimed at the development of a multi-nano-read-across modeling technique that helps in predicting the toxicity of different species such as bacteria, algae, protozoa, and mammalian cell lines. Herein, the experimental toxicity of 184 metal and silica oxide (30 unique chemical types) nanoparticles from 15 datasets is analyzed...
November 23, 2017: Nanoscale
Luciane Calabria, Jesum A Fernandes, Pedro Migowski, Fabiano Bernardi, Daniel L Baptista, Rafael Leal, Thomas Grehl, Jairton Dupont
Surface-clean Au nanoparticles (NPs) confined in films of ionic liquids (ILs) can be easily fabricated by sputtering deposition. A silicon wafer coated with films of both hydrophobic (bis((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)amide, NTf2(-)) and hydrophilic (tetrafluoroborate, BF4(-)) imidazolium-based ILs forms an 'ionic carpet-like' structure that can be easily decorated with Au NPs of 5.1 and 6.5 nm mean diameter, respectively. The depth profile distribution of the Au NPs depends on the arrangement of the IL, which is controlled mainly by the anion volume...
November 23, 2017: Nanoscale
Jin-Yue Zeng, Xiao-Shuang Wang, Mingkang Zhang, Zi-Hao Li, Dan Gong, Pei Pan, Lin Huang, Si-Xue Cheng, Han Cheng, Xian-Zheng Zhang
A universal strategy was reported that enables functional group-capped nanostructures with various morphologies and compositions to be coated by porphyrin metal-organic framework (MOF). Based on nanostructure-induced heterogeneous nucleation, the controlled growth of MOF shell on the surface of nanostructures can be realized. It was demonstrated that this modification strategy can realize controlled growth of porphyrin MOF on a series of organic and inorganic nanostructures, such as polydopamine (PDA) nanoparticles, PDA@Pt nanoparticles, graphene oxide (GO) sheets and Au nanorods (AuNR)...
November 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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