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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441828/-clinical-analysis-of-seven-cases-of-pulmonary-malignant-tumors-in-children
#1
D Xu, Z M Chen, W Z Gu, Y S Wang, M X Huang, L F Tang, Y Y Zhang, Y Jiang
Objective: To understand the clinical manifestation, imaging characteristics and outcomes of pulmonary malignant tumors in children. Method: We retrospectively collected information about seven cases of pulmonary malignant tumors in children in our hospital from Jan 2010 to Dec 2016. The information included clinical manifestation, imaging characteristics, pathologic results, and treatment. Result: (1) All the seven patients firstly visited pediatric internal medicine departments. Symptoms included cough (n=6), dyspnea (n=4), fever (n=2), anorexia (n=2), chest tightness (n=1), chest pain (n=1), lameness (n=1), abdominal distension and constipation (n=1)...
April 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439897/platelet-lysate-obtained-via-plateletpheresis-performed-in-standing-and-awake-equine-donors
#2
Scarlett M Sumner, Maria C Naskou, Merrilee Thoresen, Ian Copland, John F Peroni
BACKGROUND: Platelet preparations containing growth factors, attachment factors, and enzymes are appealing to enhance healing of injured tissues and as an alternative to xenogenic serum in cell culture media. Plateletpheresis is commonly used to collect platelets in human medicine but has not been validated in horses. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Plateletpheresis to collect platelet concentrate was performed on six female, mixed breed, chemically restrained horses using commercially available apheresis equipment...
April 25, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439059/-calcium-and-bone-metabolism-across-women-s-life-stages-nutritive-therapy-for-improvement-of-bone-and-calcium-metabolism-according-to-life-stage-in-women
#3
Kazuya Makita
Postmenopausal osteoporosis is mainly caused by decreased estrogen levels, and progression of disease is associated with irreversible changes. It is therefore extremely important to maintain or improve healthy bone and calcium metabolism during and before the climacteric from a preventive medicine viewpoint. The specific preventive measures are appropriate calcium intake and regular physical exercise. In recent years, women in their twenties are considerably thinner and have a lower calcium intake than women in other age groups, which may lead to a further increase in the number of women with osteoporosis in the future...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437016/electromechanical-nanogenerator-cell-interaction-modulates-cell-activity
#4
Gonzalo Murillo, Andreu Blanquer, Carolina Vargas-Estevez, Lleonard Barrios, Elena Ibáñez, Carme Nogués, Jaume Esteve
Noninvasive methods for in situ electrical stimulation of human cells open new frontiers to future bioelectronic therapies, where controlled electrical impulses could replace the use of chemical drugs for disease treatment. Here, this study demonstrates that the interaction of living cells with piezoelectric nanogenerators (NGs) induces a local electric field that self-stimulates and modulates their cell activity, without applying an additional chemical or physical external stimulation. When cells are cultured on top of the NGs, based on 2D ZnO nanosheets, the electromechanical NG-cell interactions stimulate the motility of macrophages and trigger the opening of ion channels present in the plasma membrane of osteoblast-like cells (Saos-2) inducing intracellular calcium transients...
April 24, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435321/a-behavioral-medicine-intervention-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Sara Cederbom, Eva Denison, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is a major health problem among older adults, particularly those who live alone and/or those who are dependent on formal care. Chronic pain is associated with mobility problems, falls, fear of falling, catastrophizing thoughts, and a lower quality of life. Research shows that physical therapy interventions based on behavioral medicine approaches are beneficial for middle-aged adults with chronic pain. However, there appears to be no previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) based on this theoretical framework that have examined the effect on older adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain who live alone at home and are dependent on formal care to manage their everyday lives...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434466/cost-effectiveness-of-acupuncture-in-an-employee-population-a-retrospective-analysis
#6
Bijan J Borah, James M Naessens, Amy E Glasgow, Brent A Bauer, Tony Y Chon
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether acupuncture is a cost-effective adjunct to usual care for Mayo Clinic employees and their dependents experiencing pain symptoms. DESIGN: Retrospective review of the medical and billing records of 466 employee-patients and their dependents who had received acupuncture as part of their care and 466 propensity score-matched control patients. INTERVENTIONS: Usual care in combination with acupuncture compared with usual care alone...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433453/attending-documentation-contribution-to-billing-at-an-academic-emergency-department-with-an-electronic-health-record
#7
Brian J Yun, Stephen C Dorner, Brian M Baccari, John Brennan, Karen Smith, Ali S Raja, Benjamin A White
INTRODUCTION: In emergency medicine (EM), patient care documentation serves many functions, including supporting reimbursement. In addition, many electronic health record systems facilitate automatically populating certain data fields. As a result, in the academic model, the attending's note may now more often recapitulate many of the same elements found in the resident's or physician assistant's (PA) note. We sought to determine the value of additional attending documentation, and how often the attending documentation prevented a downcoding event...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433171/gellan-gum-based-physical-hydrogels-incorporating-highly-valuable-endogen-molecules-and-associating-bmp-2-as-bone-formation-platforms
#8
Rita López-Cebral, Ana Civantos, Viviana Ramos, Begoña Seijo, José Luis López-Lacomba, José Vicente Sanz-Casado, Alejandro Sanchez
Physical hydrogels have been designed for a double purpose: as growth factor delivery systems and as scaffolds to support cell colonization and formation of new bone. Specifically, the polysaccharide gellan gum and the ubiquitous endogenous molecules chondroitin, albumin and spermidine have been used as exclusive components of these hydrogels. The mild ionotropic gelation technique was used to preserve the bioactivity of the selected growth factor, rhBMP-2. In vitro tests demonstrated the effective delivery of rhBMP-2 in its bioactive form...
July 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432823/-gerimedjc-the-twitter-complement-to-the-traditional-format-geriatric-medicine-journal-club
#9
Amanda I Gardhouse, Laura Budd, Seu Y C Yang, Camilla L Wong
Twitter is a public microblogging platform that overcomes physical limitations and allows unrestricted participation beyond academic silos, enabling interactive discussions. Twitter-based journal clubs have demonstrated growth, sustainability, and worldwide communication, using a hashtag (#) to follow participation. This article describes the first year of #GeriMedJC, a monthly 1-hour live, 23-hour asynchronous Twitter-based complement to the traditional-format geriatric medicine journal club. The Twitter moderator tweets from the handle @GeriMedJC; encourages use of #GeriMedJC; and invites content experts, study authors, and followers to participate in critical appraisal of medical literature...
April 22, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432710/medical-students-perceptions-of-the-importance-of-exercise-and-their-perceived-competence-in-prescribing-exercise-to-older-people
#10
Agathe Daria Jadczak, Khai Loon Tam, Solomon Yu, Renuka Visvanathan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a 4.5-week geriatric medicine course on fifth year medical students' perception of the importance of and their competence in prescribing exercise to older people. METHODS: The modified Exercise and Physical Activity Competence Questionnaire was administered to 81 students before and after the course. Scores ranged from 0 to 6. One open-ended question about perceived barriers to exercise prescription was asked. RESULTS: Students' perceptions of the importance of designing an exercise prescription (P = 0...
April 22, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432173/successful-treatment-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-lip-with-electron-beam-therapy-a-symphony-of-medicine-and-physics
#11
Irfan Ahmad, Kundan Singh Chufal, Chandi Prasad Bhatt, Sandeep Rathour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432115/effects-of-exercise-on-vascular-function-structure-and-health-in-humans
#12
Daniel J Green, Kurt J Smith
Physical activity has profound impacts on the vasculature in humans. Acute exercise induces immediate changes in artery function, whereas repeated episodic bouts of exercise induce chronic functional adaptation and, ultimately, structural arterial remodeling. The nature of these changes in function and structure are dependent on the characteristics of the training load and may be modulated by other factors such as exercise-induced inflammation and oxidative stress. The clinical implications of these physiological adaptations are profound...
April 21, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431368/correlates-of-perceived-stigma-for-people-living-with-epilepsy-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Ying Shi, Shouqi Wang, Jie Ying, Meiling Zhang, Pengcheng Liu, Huanhuan Zhang, Jiao Sun
OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy, one of the most common, serious chronic neurological diseases, is accompanied by different levels of perceived stigma that affects people in almost all age groups. This stigma can negatively impact the physical and mental health of people living with epilepsy (PLWE). Good knowledge of perceived stigma for PLWE is important. In this study, we conducted a meta-analysis to identify the correlates of perceived stigma for PLWE. METHODS: Studies on factors associated with perceived stigma for PLWE, including sociodemographic, psychosocial, and disease-related variables, were searched in PubMed, PsychINFO, EMBASE, and Web of Science...
April 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430862/how-health-related-quality-of-life-assessment-should-be-used-in-advanced-colorectal-cancer-clinical-trials
#14
F Bonnetain, C Borg, R R Adams, J A Ajani, A Benson, H Bleiberg, B Chibaudel, E Diaz-Rubio, J Y Douillard, C S Fuchs, B J Giantonio, R Goldberg, V Heinemann, M Koopman, R Labianca, A K Larsen, T Maughan, E Mitchell, M Peeters, C J A Punt, H J Schmoll, C Tournigand, A de Gramont
Traditionally, the efficacy of cancer treatment in patients with advance or metastatic disease in clinical studies has been studied using overall survival (OS) and more recently tumor-based endpoints such as progression-free survival, measurements of response to treatment. However, these seem not to be the relevant clinical endpoints in current situation if such endpoints were no validated as surrogate of OS to demonstrate the clinical efficacy. Appropriate, meaningful, primary patient-oriented and patient-reported endpoints that adequately measure the effects of new therapeutic interventions are then crucial for the advancement of clinical research in metastatic colorectal cancer to complement the results of tumor-based endpoints...
April 18, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430703/evidence-based-recommendations-for-pediatric-orthopaedic-practice
#15
Kishore Mulpuri, Emily K Schaeffer, H Kerr Graham, Mininder S Kocher, James Sanders, Ira Zaltz
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based medicine has become the cornerstone to guide clinical practice decision-making. Evidence-based medicine integrates the strongest available evidence with clinical expertise to make decisions about clinical care. The quality of the evidence depends upon the soundness of the study methodology to allow for meaningful interpretation of the clinical results. The purpose of this review is to analyze the methodological design and clinical findings of published pediatric orthopaedic studies to determine their ability to change or influence clinical practice...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430550/round-table-on-malignant-hyperthermia-in-physically-active-populations-meeting-proceedings
#16
Yuri Hosokawa, Douglas J Casa, Henry Rosenberg, John F Capacchione, Emmanuel Sagui, Sheila Riazi, Luke N Belval, Patricia A Deuster, John F Jardine, Stavros A Kavouras, Elaine C Lee, Kevin C Miller, Sheila M Muldoon, Francis G O'Connor, Scott R Sailor, Nyamkhishig Sambuughin, Rebecca L Stearns, William M Adams, Robert A Huggins, Lesley W Vandermark
CONTEXT:   Recent case reports on malignant hyperthermia (MH)-like syndrome in physically active populations indicate potential associations among MH, exertional heat stroke (EHS), and exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER). However, an expert consensus for clinicians working with these populations is lacking. OBJECTIVE:   To provide current expert consensus on the (1) definition of MH; (2) history, etiology, and pathophysiology of MH; (3) epidemiology of MH; (4) association of MH with EHS and ER; (5) identification of an MH-like syndrome; (6) recommendations for acute management of an MH-like syndrome; (7) special considerations for physically active populations; and (8) future directions for research...
April 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429339/observational-multicentric-study-on-chronic-sciatic-pain-clinical-data-from-44-italian-centers
#17
G A Checchia, G Letizia Mauro, G Morico, A Oriente, C Lisi, V Polimeni, M Lucia, M Ranieri
OBJECTIVE: To provide information on the clinical presentation of sciatic neuropathy and its management in a real-world setting, and to analyze the effects of a multimodal approach based on the association of physical and pharmacological therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicentric observational prospective study was conducted in 44 Italian tertiary centers specialized in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Orthopedics, Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Rheumatology...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428157/texting-and-mobile-phone-app-interventions-for-improving-adherence-to-preventive-behavior-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#18
Sherif M Badawy, Lisa M Kuhns
BACKGROUND: Many preventable behaviors contribute to adolescent mortality and morbidity. Non-adherence to preventive measures represents a challenge and has been associated with worse health outcomes in this population. The widespread use of electronic communication technologies by adolescents, particularly the use of text messaging (short message service, SMS) and mobile phones, presents new opportunities to intervene on risk and preventive risk behavior, but little is known about their efficacy...
April 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427617/effects-of-ultrasound-on-microbial-growth-and-enzyme-activity
#19
REVIEW
Guoping Huang, Suwan Chen, Chunhua Dai, Ling Sun, Wenli Sun, Yingxiu Tang, Feng Xiong, Ronghai He, Haile Ma
Nowadays, ultrasound is widely used in many aspects. In the last few years, many papers have concentrated on the applications of ultrasound in engineering, chemistry, medicine, physics and biology, but few in biological effects such as the acceleration effects on proliferation of microbial cells, the inactivation effects on microorganisms and the influences on the activities of enzyme. Thus, the objective of this review is to investigate the biological effects of ultrasound on these aspects.
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426839/medical-history-in-the-hellenic-journal-of-nuclear-medicine
#20
EDITORIAL
Andreas Otte, Byeong Cheol Ahn
The Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine is about to celebrate its 20th anniversary end of 2017. On board of the editorial team since 2003, this journal has influenced me like a good friend over the many past years. From time to time, the journal has published interesting and valuable historical notes. They show that nuclear medicine has a history and that medicine is its basis. They also teach us today, and some of the ancient perspectives and approaches are still valid. The reader of HJNM may be interested in these historical contributions, as they are timeless...
January 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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