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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538561/is-rotation-a-concern-with-anatomical-breast-implants-a-statistical-analysis-of-factors-predisposing-to-rotation
#1
Paolo Montemurro, Athanasios Papas, Per Hedén
BACKGROUND: Since their introduction in 1993, anatomical implants have provided a more natural appearance in breast augmentation, and many surgeons advocate their use and promote the good aesthetic results. However, the risk of implant rotation makes some of them reluctant to use these devices. The rotation rate varies among authors. METHODS: The authors present a 6.5-year series of 531 patients who underwent primary breast augmentation with macrotextured anatomical implants in a Swedish facility performed by one consultant surgeon (P...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534225/biomarker-monitoring-of-controlled-dietary-acrylamide-exposure-indicates-consistent-human-endogenous-background
#2
Katharina Goempel, Laura Tedsen, Meike Ruenz, Tamara Bakuradze, Dorothea Schipp, Jens Galan, Gerhard Eisenbrand, Elke Richling
The aim of the present study was to explore the relation of controlled dietary acrylamide (AA) intake with the excretion of AA-related urinary mercapturic acids (MA), N-acetyl-S-(carbamoylethyl)-L-cysteine (AAMA) and N-acetyl-S-(1-carbamoyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine (GAMA). Excretion kinetics of these short-term exposure biomarkers were monitored under strictly controlled conditions within a duplicate diet human intervention study. One study arm (group A, n = 6) ingested AA via coffee (0.15-0.17 µg/kg bw) on day 6 and in a meal containing an upper exposure level of AA (14...
May 22, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532653/hippocampal-ca1-local-field-potential-oscillations-induced-by-olfactory-cue-of-liked-food
#3
Nifareeda Samerphob, Dania Cheaha, Surapong Chatpun, Ekkasit Kumarnsit
Eating motivation is induced not only by negative energy balance but also food related cues. However, neural processing for acquisition of learned food preference remains to be established. This study aimed to identify hippocampal neural signaling in response to olfactory cue (chocolate scent) after completion of repetitive chocolate sessions. Male Swiss albino mice implanted with intracranial electrode into the hippocampus were used for local field potential (LFP) recording. Animals were given chocolate sessions (a piece of 2 g chocolate per each mouse to eat on day 1, 3, 5 and 7)...
May 19, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532249/breast-volume-is-affected-by-body-mass-index-but-not-age
#4
Celeste E Coltman, Julie R Steele, Deirdre E McGhee
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to establish normative breast volume data for women of varying ages, body masses and breast sizes, and to determine the effect of age and body mass index (BMI) on breast volume. METHODS: The breast volume of 356 women (age range: 18.1-83.7 years; BMI range: 18.4-54.5 kg/m²) was measured using three-dimensional scanning in a prone position Results: Breast volumes ranged from 48 mL - 3100 mL. Although breast volume was not significantly affected by age, it was significantly affected by BMI, with the breast volume of overweight and obese women being two-to-three times greater than women with normal BMI's...
May 22, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532076/sustained-drug-release-from-surface-modified-uhmwpe-for-acetabular-cup-lining-in-total-hip-implant
#5
R Manoj Kumar, Pallavi Gupta, Sandan Kumar Sharma, Akshat Mittal, Manish Shekhar, Vijayesh Kumar, B V Manoj Kumar, Partha Roy, Debrupa Lahiri
Despite sterilization and aseptic procedure, bacterial infection remains a key challenge in total hip arthroplasties. This fact emphasizes the urgent need for development of new implant systems, which should releases the drug in a controlled manner without sparing its mechanical and tribological properties. In this study, the lining material of the acetabular cup, in total hip implant, has been modified for sustained release of drugs, which should be available throughout the site of implantation to fight the post-operation bacterial infection...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529110/the-double-cup-construct-a-novel-treatment-strategy-for-the-management-of-paprosky-iiia-and-iiib-acetabular-defects
#6
Jonathan E Webb, Robert J McGill, Brian T Palumbo, Wayne E Moschetti, Daniel M Estok
BACKGROUND: Treatment of massive acetabular bone loss in revision total hip arthroplasty is complex, and various treatment strategies have been described. We describe a novel technique of using a Trabecular Metal Revision Shell as a buttress augment creating a "double-cup" construct rather than the use of custom triflanges or cup-cage constructs for Paprosky types IIIA and IIIB acetabular defects. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 20 double-cup cases at a mean of 2...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529108/a-3-to-18-year-follow-up-of-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-impacted-bone-allografts-and-cemented-lubinus-sp-ii-stem-clinical-radiographic-and-survivorship-analysis-with-comparison-to-the-literature
#7
Hampus Stigbrand, Gösta Ullmark
BACKGROUND: We present the first medium- to long-term follow-up of revision total hip arthroplasty using impaction bone grafting (IBG) combined with the matte and collared Lubinus SP II stem for cases of severe osteolysis and stem loosening. METHODS: Sixty-nine femoral revisions were identified for 67 patients consecutively operated with revision femoral arthroplasty using IBG and a cemented Lubinus SP II stem. The mean age was 69 years (standard deviation, 9.9)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526618/24-hour-urine-metabolic-differences-between-solitary-and-multiple-stone-formers-results-of-the-collaboration-on-urolithiasis-in-pediatrics-cup-working-group
#8
Theodore R Saitz, Solange Mongoue-Tchokote, Cynthia Sharadin, Dana W Giel, Sean Corbett, Larisa Kovacevic, Aaron P Bayne
INTRODUCTION: Specific factors associated with the risk of developing pediatric urinary stone disease remain unclear, especially those that may be associated with recurrent stone disease. OBJECTIVE: We compared the results of 24-h urine collections in children with a solitary stone episode to those with multiple stone episodes to determine if there is a difference that may be associated with multiple stone formation in children. STUDY DESIGN: A multi-institutional retrospective analysis was completed to assess 24-h urinary metabolic profiles in children with urolithiasis aged 2-18 years old...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526362/using-secondary-24-hour-dietary-recall-data-to-estimate-daily-dietary-factor-intake-from-the-flashe-study-dietary-screener
#9
Teresa M Smith, Eric E Calloway, Courtney A Pinard, Erin Hennessy, April Y Oh, Linda C Nebeling, Amy L Yaroch
INTRODUCTION: The National Cancer Institute's 2014 Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating Study utilized a 27-item Dietary Screener tailored to adolescent eating patterns that assessed the frequency of intake of several foods and beverages in parent-adolescent dyads. This study estimated intake of fruits and vegetables (FVs), dairy, added sugars, and whole grains for screener respondents using existing, nationally representative, 24-hour dietary recall data. METHODS: Dietary Screener items were converted from frequency responses to daily intake...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524136/-clinical-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-cholinesterase-inhibition-with-neuromidin-in-the-treatment-of-primary-glaucoma-patients
#10
I A Zakharova, R V Avdeev, V A Pristavka, S N Surnin, V Yu Makhmutov, I I Savrasova
AIM: to investigate neuromidin effectiveness in the treatment of patients with primary glaucoma and compensated intraocular pressure (IOP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients (80 eyes) were examined. Of them, 10 eyes with early glaucoma, 36 eyes with moderate-stage glaucoma, 33 eyes with advanced glaucoma, and 1 eye with end-stage glaucoma. In 19 eyes, IOP was controlled through beta-blockers, in 11 eyes - through carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, in 10 eyes - through prostaglandin analogues, and in 39 eyes - through combination drugs...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523911/cup-shaped-nanoantenna-arrays-for-zeptoliter-volume-biochemistry-and-plasmonic-sensing-in-the-visible-wavelengths-range
#11
Rokas Drevinskas, Tomas Rakickas, Algirdas Selskis, Lorenzo Rosa, Ramunas Valiokas
Although three-dimensional shaping of metallic nanostructures is an important strategy for control and manipulation of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), its implementation in high-throughput, on-chip fabrication of plasmonic devices remains to be challenging. Here we demonstrate nanocontact-based large area fabrication of a novel, LSPR-active Au architecture consisting of periodic arrays of reduced symmetry nanoantennas having sub-50 nm, out-of-plane features. Namely, by combining nanosphere and molecular self-assembly processes we have patterned evaporated polycrystalline Au films for chemical etching of nanocups with controlled aspect ratios (an outer diameter d=100 nm, void volumes of 18 or 39 zeptoliters)...
May 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522246/patient-obesity-influences-pelvic-lift-during-cup-insertion-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-through-a-lateral-transgluteal-approach-in-supine-position
#12
Steffen Brodt, Dimitri Nowack, Benjamin Jacob, Linda Krakow, Christoph Windisch, Georg Matziolis
BACKGROUND: Movement of the pelvis during implantation of total hip arthroplasty (THA) has a major influence on the positioning of the acetabular cup. Strong traction caused by retractors leads to iatrogenic pelvic lift and can thus be partly responsible for cup malpositioning. The objective of this study was to investigate such factors that influence pelvic lift. METHODS: The dynamic movement of the pelvis was measured during implantation of THA in 67 patients...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521606/can-video-self-modeling-improve-affected-limb-reach-and-grasp-ability-in-stroke-patients
#13
Kylie Ann Steel, Kurt Mudie, Remi Sandoval, David Anderson, Sera Dogramaci, Mohammad Rehmanjan, Ingvars Birznieks
The authors examined whether feedforward video self-modeling (FF VSM) would improve control over the affected limb, movement self-confidence, movement self-consciousness, and well-being in 18 stroke survivors. Participants completed a cup transport task and 2 questionnaires related to psychological processes pre- and postintervention. Pretest video footage of the unaffected limb performing the task was edited to create a best-of or mirror-reversed training DVD, creating the illusion that patients were performing proficiently with the affected limb...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518003/caffeine-consumption-among-naval-aviation-candidates
#14
Thomas E Sather, Ronald D Williams, Donald R Delorey, Conrad L Woolsey
INTRODUCTION: Education frequently dictates students need to study for prolonged periods of time to adequately prepare for examinations. This is especially true with aviation preflight indoctrination (API) candidates who have to assimilate large volumes of information in a limited amount of time during API training. The purpose of this study was to assess caffeine consumption patterns (frequency, type, and volume) among naval aviation candidates attending API to determine the most frequently consumed caffeinated beverage and to examine if the consumption of a nonenergy drink caffeinated beverage was related to energy drink consumption...
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515636/optic-cup-segmentation-type-ii-fuzzy-thresholding-approach-and-blood-vessel-extraction
#15
Ahmed Almazroa, Sami Alodhayb, Kaamran Raahemifar, Vasudevan Lakshminarayanan
We introduce here a new technique for segmenting optic cup using two-dimensional fundus images. Cup segmentation is the most challenging part of image processing of the optic nerve head due to the complexity of its structure. Using the blood vessels to segment the cup is important. Here, we report on blood vessel extraction using first a top-hat transform and Otsu's segmentation function to detect the curves in the blood vessels (kinks) which indicate the cup boundary. This was followed by an interval type-II fuzzy entropy procedure...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513895/one-year-quality-of-life-and-functional-outcomes-of-transoral-robotic-surgery-for-carcinoma-of-unknown-primary
#16
Isa Ozbay, Ali Cemal Yumusakhuylu, Rishabh Sethia, Lai Wei, Matthew Old, Amit Agrawal, Theodoros Teknos, Enver Ozer
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of life (QOL) outcomes in patients who underwent transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP). METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with CUP were administered the Head and Neck Cancer Inventory (HNCI) prospectively to evaluate QOL preoperatively and postoperatively. RESULTS: There was statistically and clinically significant deterioration in 2 of 4 domains (eating and social disruption) in the immediate aftermath of TORS...
May 17, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513525/rehabilitation-effect-of-exercise-with-soft-tissue-manipulation-in-patients-with-lumbar-muscle-strain
#17
H Li, H Zhang, S Liu, Y Wang, D Gai, Q Lu, H Gan, Y Shi, W Qi
OBJECTIVE: To study the rehabilitation effect of exercise with soft tissue manipulation therapy for patients with lumbar muscle strain. METHODS: Patients with lumbar muscle strain who met the inclusion criteria for study were randomly divided into control and experimental groups. Conventional therapy (i.e., triple therapy of needle, moxibustion, and cupping jar) was implemented for control group patients with lumbar muscle strain, whereas the combination therapy of exercise with manipulation was implemented for experimental group patients with lumbar muscle strain...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512598/phytochemical-screening-and-study-of-antioxidant-antimicrobial-antidiabetic-anti-inflammatory-and-analgesic-activities-of-extracts-from-stem-wood-of-pterocarpus-marsupium-roxburgh
#18
Dipak Raj Pant, Narayan Dutt Pant, Dil Bahadur Saru, Uday Narayan Yadav, Dharma Prasad Khanal
AIMS: The main aims of the study were to evaluate the phytochemical constituents and to study the antioxidant, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic activities of extracts from stem wood of Pterocarpus marsupium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethanol, acetone and isopropyl alcohol (IPA) (1:1) extracts of stem wood of P. marsupium were subjected to phytochemical screening and analysis of biological activities from August 2015 to January 2016. The antioxidant assay was carried out using 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl scavenging method, antimicrobial activity testing by cup diffusion method, antidiabetic test evaluation by oral glucose tolerance test in mice, anti-inflammatory effect was evaluated by hind paw edema method in mice and analgesic test evaluation by a chemical writhing method in mice...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512282/orthopedic-effect-of-chin-cup-during-mixed-dentition-stage
#19
Hussein N Al-Khalifa, Mohamed I Hashem, Khalid J Alanazi, Sukumaran Anil
INTRODUCTION: Chin cup (CC) therapy has been used as the traditional appliance for treating class III malocclusion during mixed dentition period. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of CC on the improvement of skeletal and dentoalveo-lar skeletal changes in class III patients during mixed dentition stage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients (7-9 years old) with skeletal class III malocclusion were selected based on clinical and cephalometric examination...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511948/computer-navigation-helps-reduce-the-incidence-of-noise-after-ceramic-on-ceramic-total-hip-arthroplasty
#20
Siddharth M Shah, Kamal Deep, Chaiyaporn Siramanakul, Vivek Mahajan, Frederic Picard, David J Allen
BACKGROUND: Noise after ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC) total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a well-recognized problem. Computer navigation has been shown to achieve desired implant orientation. Our aim was (1) to compare the incidence of noise between navigated and conventional CoC THAs and (2) to determine the factors associated with noise. METHODS: All patients undergoing CoC THA between March 2009 and August 2012 were considered for this study. Information regarding hip noise was obtained via telephone or postal interview...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
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