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Esophageal anastomosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983231/prevalence-of-anastomotic-leak-and-the-impact-of-indocyanine-green-fluorescein-imaging-for-evaluating-blood-flow-in-the-gastric-conduit-following-esophageal-cancer-surgery
#1
Masaki Ohi, Yuji Toiyama, Yasuhiko Mohri, Susumu Saigusa, Takashi Ichikawa, Tadanobu Shimura, Hiromi Yasuda, Yoshiki Okita, Shigeyuki Yoshiyama, Minako Kobayashi, Toshimitsu Araki, Yasuhiro Inoue, Masato Kusunoki
BACKGROUNDS AND AIM: Anastomotic leak (AL) following esophagectomy for esophageal cancer (EC) remains an important cause of prolonged hospitalization and impaired quality of life. Recently, indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescein imaging has been used to evaluate the gastric conduit blood supply during EC surgery. Although several factors have been reported to be associated with AL, no studies have evaluated the relationships between risk factors for AL, including ICG fluorescein imaging...
2017: Esophagus: Official Journal of the Japan Esophageal Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952239/hallmarks-in-history-of-esophageal-carcinoma
#2
Marianna Karamanou, Kostas Markatos, Theodoros G Papaioannou, George Zografos, George Androutsos
Esophageal cancer is one of the deadliest cancers due to its aggressive behavior and poor survival. It was mentioned in the works of ancient Chinese and Arabo-islamic physicians, centuries before the recognition of high incidence in the Asian esophageal cancer belt. Till the 19th century the disease was considered incurable and the main goal of the proposed treatments was to alleviate dysphagia and pain. The introduction of esophagoscope in 1868 by Adolf Kussmaul (1822-1902) contributed to the observation of the living esophagus and to the diagnosis of esophageal pathologies, paving the way for new therapeutic approaches...
July 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942656/use-of-self-expanding-nitinol-stents-in-the-pediatric-management-of-refractory-esophageal-caustic-stenosis
#3
Verónica Alonso, Devicka Ojha, Harsha Nalluri, Juan Carlos de Agustín
BACKGROUND: The treatment of recurrent esophageal stricture secondary to the ingestion of a caustic agent is an arduous task. Self-expanding esophageal stents may be an alternative to repeated endoscopic esophageal dilations. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a two-year-old male with a severe and long esophageal stricture successfully treated by the combination of dilations and stent placement. After five months of serial pneumatic dilations, three self-expanding nitinol stents internally coated with silicone were introduced through a gastrostomy, covering the entire esophagus...
October 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932725/ileocolonic-transposition-esophagogastric-bypass-as-an-antireflux-treatment-for-corrosive-esophageal-injury
#4
Yuda Handaya, Mukhamad Sunardi
Because most surgeons perform an esophagectomy and colonic transposition as the main reconstruction method for patients with esophageal stenosis caused by swallowing corrosive materials, we report 2 cases in which ileocolonic transposition was used to treat such patients. Both patients displayed stenosis in the middle third of the esophagus. Their chief complaint was dysphagia. Ileocolonic transposition using vascularization of the Drummond and ileal arteries was followed by a prepared ileocolic graft by ligating ileocolic vessels...
August 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920017/esophageal-atresia-with-tracheo-esophageal-fistula-presenting-beyond-7-days
#5
Nilesh Nagdeve, Mohini Sukhdeve, Tushar Thakre, Suresh Morey
AIM: To describe our experience of neonates with esophageal atresia with tracheo-esophageal fistula (EA with TEF) who presented after a week. DESIGN: Retrospective study of the patients of EA with TEF who presented after a week. STUDY SETTING: Department of Pediatric Surgery, Government Medical College Nagpur. Study Duration: Eight years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic information, hematological, biochemical and radiological data were obtained from the patients' medical records...
July 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902037/esophagojejunostomy-with-linear-staplers-in-laparoscopic-total-gastrectomy-experience-with-168-cases-in-5-consecutive-years
#6
Susumu Miura, Seiichiro Kanaya, Hisahiro Hosogi, Hironori Kawada, Shin Akagawa, Norihiro Shimoike, Shintaro Okumura, Toshihiro Okada, Takeshi Ito, Akira Arimoto
PURPOSE: We evaluate surgical outcomes of intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy in laparoscopic total gastrectomy using 2 linear stapler methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The functional end-to-end anastomosis (FEEA) method was chosen as a first choice. The overlap method was chosen in cases with esophageal invasion. We retrospectively analyzed the early and late surgical outcomes of consecutive 168 laparoscopic total gastrectomy cases from April 2011 to December 2016...
September 8, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882975/gastric-tube-reconstruction-with-superdrainage-using-indocyanine-green-fluorescence-during-esophagectomy
#7
Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Tsutomu Namikawa, Jun Iwabu, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
We report a case of gastric tube reconstruction with superdrainage using indocyanine green fluorescence during esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. A 53-year-old man with a history of early esophageal cancer treated with endoscopic mucosal dissection experienced esophageal cancer recurrence. There was no evidence of lymph node involvement or distant metastasis on computed tomography; therefore, we performed thoracoscopic esophagectomy. After thoracoscopic esophagectomy, we created a gastric tube. When pulling up the gastric tube through the post-mediastinum route, a root of the right gastroepiploic vein was injured...
September 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881894/outcomes-following-the-main-treatment-options-in-patients-with-a-leaking-esophagus-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
S Persson, I Rouvelas, T Irino, L Lundell
Leakage from the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction can be lethal due to uncontrolled contamination of the mediastinum. The most predominant risk factors for the subsequent clinical outcome are the patients' delay as well as the delay of diagnosis. Two major therapeutic concepts have been advocated: either prompt closure of the leakage by insertion of a self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) or more traditionally, surgical exploration. The objective of this review is to carefully scrutinize the recent literature and assess the outcomes of these two therapeutic alternatives in the management of iatrogenic perforation-spontaneous esophageal rupture as separated from those with anastomotic leak...
December 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881892/influence-of-esophagectomy-on-the-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#9
D Kim, Y W Min, J G Park, H Lee, B-H Min, J H Lee, P-L Rhee, J J Kim, J I Zo
This study aims to assess the influence of esophagectomy with gastric transposition on the gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastric acidity in patients with esophageal cancer. Data on 53 esophageal cancer patients who underwent 24-hour impedance-pH monitoring after esophagectomy were retrospectively analyzed. We used a solid-state esophageal pH probe in which the esophageal pH sensor is placed 1.5 cm distal to the upper esophageal sphincter and the gastric pH sensor is located 15 cm distal to the esophageal pH channel...
December 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881534/-tracheobronchial-segmental-resection-and-reconstruction-applied-to-surgical-treatment-of-esophageal-cancer-with-airway-involvement
#10
W M Huang, S J Zhang, X Z Liu, H B Liu, J Li
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of tracheobronchial segmental resection and reconstruction applied to surgical treatment in the patients with esophageal cancer with airway invasion. Methods: From January 2004 to April 2014, 13 patients in our center underwent radical esophagectomy combined with tracheobronchial segmental resection and reconstruction. Patient characteristics, operative procedures, postoperative complications and long-term survival were retrospectively reviewed. Results: All patients received complete resection (R0) with an average length of resected airway 2...
September 5, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877007/creation-of-an-esophageal-atresia-animal-model-using-a-bifurcated-esophagus-to-maintain-digestive-tract-continuity
#11
Ian C Glenn, Nicholas E Bruns, Steve J Schomisch, Todd A Ponsky
INTRODUCTION: We previously developed a porcine model of long gap pure esophageal atresia (EA) to aid in the creation of novel devices and techniques for treatment of EA. Shortcomings of the model included difficulty decompressing the proximal esophageal pouch (leading to recurrent aspiration) and a requirement for gastrostomy tube (G-tube) feeds. Therefore, we sought to create a porcine model with a bifurcated esophagus wherein one portion of the esophageal lumen retained patency and the other part mimicked EA...
October 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877001/total-laparoscopic-approach-for-transhiatal-esophagectomy-and-gavriliu-s-esophagoplasty-in-children-with-caustic-esophageal-injuries
#12
Louise Montalva, Jérôme Viala, Daphné Michelet, Fernanda Frade, Hubert Lardy, Christine Vitoux, Arnaud Bonnard
BACKGROUND: Esophageal repair after caustic injury is a surgical challenge in children. The aim of this study was to report the first results of a total laparoscopic approach in transhiatal esophagectomy and esophageal replacement by an anisoperistaltic gastric tube. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of data from children operated on with a laparoscopic approach for transhiatal esophagectomy and Gavriliu's esophagoplasty between 2011 and 2015 was performed...
October 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854945/comparison-of-the-outcomes-between-thoracoscopic-and-laparoscopic-esophagectomy-via-retrosternal-and-prevertebral-lifting-paths-by-the-same-surgeon
#13
Bing Lv, Yong-Zhong Tao, Yu Zhu, Jing Wu, Bin Zhong, Fu-Chao Luo, Yang Liu, Ze-Xue Zhang
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study is to explore the effects of retrosternal and prevertebral lifting paths of the tubular stomach on postoperative complications of patients undergoing cervical anastomosis in thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy. METHODS: Sixty-three patients were retrospectively analyzed. The patients received thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy by the same surgeon. According to the path by which the stomach was lifted upward, the patients were divided into two groups: the retrosternal path group (32 patients) and the prevertebral path group (31 patients)...
August 30, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847073/efficacy-of-the-over-the-scope-clip-system-for-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-fistulas-leaks-and-perforations-a-korean-multi-center-study
#14
Hang Lak Lee, Joo Young Cho, Jun-Hyung Cho, Jong Jae Park, Chan Gyoo Kim, Seong Hwan Kim, Joung-Ho Han
Background/Aims: Currently, a new over-the-scope clip (OTSC) system has been introduced. This system has been used for gastrointestinal perforations and fistulas in other countries. The aim of our study is to examine the therapeutic success rate of endoscopic treatment using the OTSC system in Korea. Methods: This was a multicenter prospective study. A total of seven endoscopists at seven centers performed this procedure. Results: A total of 19 patients were included, with gastrointestinal leakages from anastomosis sites, fistulas, or esophageal perforations due to Boerhaave's syndrome...
August 29, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831760/tracheoesophageal-fistula-after-total-resection-of-gastric-conduit-for-gastro-aortic-fistula-due-to-gastric-ulcer
#15
Yayoi Sakatoku, Masahide Fukaya, Hironori Fujieda, Yuzuru Kamei, Akihiro Hirata, Keita Itatsu, Masato Nagino
BACKGROUND: Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is a rare but life-threatening complication after esophagectomy. It has a high mortality rate and often leads to severe aspiration pneumonia. Various types of surgical repair procedures have been reported, but the optimal management of TEF is challenging and controversial. Treatment should be individualized to each patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A 66-year-old female underwent transthoracic esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction and an intrathoracic anastomosis for esophageal cancer...
August 23, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817358/evaluation-of-gastric-conduit-perfusion-during-esophagectomy-with-indocyanine-green-fluorescence-imaging
#16
Francisco Schlottmann, Marco G Patti
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage is a determining factor of morbidity and mortality after an esophagectomy. An adequate blood supply of the gastric conduit is vital to prevent this complication. We aimed to determine the feasibility and usefulness of indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging to evaluate the gastric conduit perfusion during an esophagectomy. METHODS: Patients with distal esophageal cancer or esophagogastric junction cancer scheduled for esophagectomy were enrolled in this study...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815071/gastro-esophageal-junction-cancers-what-is-the-best-minimally-invasive-approach
#17
REVIEW
Egle Jezerskyte, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Miguel A Cuesta, Suzanne S Gisbertz
The short-term advantages of minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) in terms of less morbidity and better quality of life (QoL) in comparison with open esophagectomy (OE) became visible in the last few years. There are two main MIE approaches: a transthoracic esophagectomy (TTE) (either accompanied by an intrathoracic or cervical anastomosis) or a transhiatal esophagectomy (THE) (accompanied by a cervical anastomosis). Additionally, minimally invasive gastrectomy is increasingly gaining popularity over open gastrectomy...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808755/the-impact-of-the-location-of-esophagogastrostomy-on-acid-and-duodenogastroesophageal-reflux-after-transthoracic-esophagectomy-with-gastric-tube-reconstruction-and-intrathoracic-esophagogastrostomy
#18
Hiroaki Usui, Masahide Fukaya, Keita Itatsu, Kazushi Miyata, Ryoji Miyahara, Kohei Funasaka, Masato Nagino
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the location of esophagogastrostomy on acid and duodenogastroesophageal reflux (DGER) in patients undergoing gastric tube reconstruction and intrathoracic esophagogastrostomy. METHODS: Thirty patients receiving transthoracic esophagectomy without cervical lymph node dissection and gastric tube reconstruction by intrathoracic anastomosis were enrolled. All patients underwent 24-h pH and bilirubin monitoring and gastrointestinal endoscopy one year after surgery...
August 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745145/magnetic-compression-stricturoplasty-for-treatment-of-refractory-esophageal-strictures-in-children-technique-and-lessons-learned
#19
Russell Woo, Christopher Marc Wong, Zachary Trimble, Devin Puapong, Shannon Koehler, Scott Miller, Sidney Johnson
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal stricture is the most common complication following repair of esophageal atresia (EA). In general, these strictures are successfully managed using endoscopic techniques including bougie and balloon dilation, stenting, and chemotherapeutic agent application. If these techniques are unsuccessful, patients require segmental esophageal resection and reanastomosis or esophageal replacement. Magnetic compression anastomosis has been described in children. Herein we report our experience with magnetic compression stricturoplasty to treat refractory strictures after EA repair...
October 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742697/are-thoracotomy-and-or-intrathoracic-anastomosis-still-predictors-of-postoperative-mortality-after-esophageal-cancer-surgery-a-nationwide-study
#20
Sébastien Degisors, Arnaud Pasquer, Florence Renaud, Hélène Béhal, Flora Hec, Anne Gandon, Marguerite Vanderbeken, Gilbert Caranhac, Alain Duhamel, Guillaume Piessen, Christophe Mariette
BACKGROUND: Intrathoracic (vs cervical) anastomosis and a thoracotomy (vs absence) have previously been associated with increasing postoperative mortality (POM). Recent improvements in surgical practices and perioperative management may have changed these dogmas. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of performing intrathoracic anastomosis and/or thoracotomy on POM after esophageal cancer surgery in recent years. METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent esophageal cancer surgery with reconstruction between 2010 and 2012 in France were included (n = 3286)...
November 2017: Annals of Surgery
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